Vol 39 Issue 09 Sсаle Aircraft Modelling

November 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 09 www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com First and Best for Reference and Scale Embraer 190 Lufthansa Revell’s Second...

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First and Best for Reference and Scale November 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 09


Bachem Natters and Other Matters What the Luftwaffe did next…


Embraer 190 Lufthansa Revell’s Second Sitting

Naval 3

Sopwith Camel BR.1 Wingnut Wings in 1/32

Jet Provost

A Closer Look at the Trainer Airfix Kit in 1/72

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Military & Civil Aviation – Military Weapons & Equipment – Naval Vessels

C-130 Hercules A History M Bowman Designed in response to a 1951 requirement, the C-130 is the most successful military airlifter ever built. 200 colour and black and white photos. HB 256pp £25.00

Mitchell Masterpieces Vol. 1 An illustrated history of paint jobs on B-25s in US Service. W Nijenhuis This book is dedicated entirely to the B-25 Mitchell. 900 illustrations. SB 248pp £32.99

Turbo-propeller aircraft TU-95 / TU114 / TU-142 A Zatuchnyi RUSSIAN TEXT. Essentially a photo reference album documenting the design, development, service and projects involving the Tu-95/ Tu-114/Tu-142/Tu-95MS. c1400 colour photos and illustrations. HB 600pp £105.00

Boeing 737 The World’s Jetliner D Dornseif First launched in 1965, the 737 is one of the most successful and longstanding jetliners in history. This book provides and an in-depth study of the 737 and the environment that has contributed to its success. HB 288pp £57.50

Soviet combat pilots - twice and thrice heroes of the Soviet Union A Zatuchnyj RUSSIAN TEXT. This book traces the history of heroes of the Soviet Union amongst them fighter pilots, storm-troopers, air commanders and airmen-bombers. Lavishly illustrated. HB 550pp £70.00

Air War Achive Junkers Ju 88 the Luftwaffe’s Most Versatile Aircraft : Rare Luftwaffe Photographs from Wartime Collections C Goss Designed as a fast bomber that could out-run fighters, the Ju 88 became one of the most versatile aircraft of the WWII. SB 148pp £14.99

The USAF Weapons School at Nellis Air Force Base Nevada D Logan A pictorial history of the USAF Weapons School based at Nellis AFB, Nevada which features over 200 photos of the aircraft flown by the eighteen squadrons from 1992 to the present. HB 128pp £21.99

The History of the Rolls-Royce RB211 Turbofan Engine P Ruffles The definitive history of the RB211 tracing the innovative design from concept to early development; from near financial and technical disaster to eventual world-beating family of engines. SB 326pp £30.00

Flying into the Storm RAF Bombers at War 1939-1942 C Sams From the lessons of WWI, the RAF developed a fleet of monoplane aircraft in time for hostilities in 1939. This book tells of the few who went on a one-way mission with a life-expectancy of just a few hours. HB 236pp £20.00

Air Force Blue The RAF in World War Two - Spearhead of Victory P Bishop Examines the high point of the RAF’s existence in WWII, when the Air Force saved the nation from defeat then led the advance to victory. Drawing from diaries, letters and memoirs. HB 432pp £20.00

WK275 The Restoration and Preservation of the Last Supermarine Swift F4 G Ellis WK275 is a unique historic airframe and the only Swift F4 left. It spent 46 years outside an army surplus store before being restored to static display condition. HB 160pp £20.00

Malta Strikes Back: The Role of Malta in the Mediterranean Theatre 1940-1942 K Delve This story of how Malta rose to meet the challenges it faced during World War Two; how it struck back and survived one of its darkest eras. HB 260pp £25.00

Campaign 313 The Philippine Sea 1944: The Last Great Carrier Battle M Stille Tells the enthralling story of the last, and largest, carrier battle of the Pacific War that saw the end of the Japanese Navy as a formed fighting force. SB 96pp £14.99

Zoukei Mura Concept Note SWS No.IX McDonnell Douglas F-4J/S Phantom II This lavishly illustrated book accompanies Zoukei-mura’s kit (sold separately). Japanese and full English text. Colour. SB 64pp £22.00

The Merlin EH (AW) 101 From Design to the Front Line R Pittman Designed initially to help combat the threat of an attack from Soviet missile submarines, the Merlin has evolved into a multi-role helicopter today. 140 photos. SB 96pp £14.99

AIR Modeller’s Guide to Wingnut Wings Volume 1 D Suarez The first in a series of books showcasing a number of different kit builds that detail the methods and materials used to achieve the stunning models. SB 112pp £19.50

Legends of Warfare Bell 47/H-13 Sioux Helicopter Military & Civilian Use, 1946 to the Present W Mutza Bell’s Model 47 was the first helicopter certified for civilian use serving a wide range of military and civilian tasks. HB 112pp £17.50

The Royal Navy’s Air Service in the Great War D Hobbs This book covers the operational and technical achievements of the Royal Naval Air Service, both at sea and ashore, from 1914 to 1918. 200 illustrations. HB 528pp £35.00

Alarmstart: The German Fighter Pilot’s Experience in the Second World War: Northwestern Europe - from the Battle of Britain to the Battle of Germany P Eriksson Alarmstart (scramble) charts the experiences of the German fighter pilots in the Second World War. HB 352pp £20.00

Luftwaffe – Secret Wings of the third Reich With hundreds of new and period drawings, illustrations and photographs. SB 130pp £6.99

Wing Masters 119 Sept/Oct 2017 FRENCH TEXT. Yak-3 Normandie-Niemen; Dossier Spad VII de Guynemer; 1:48 F-4J; 1:48 A5M2b Claude. SB 82pp £7.50

Damaged Weathered & Worn Models Magazine (2) New publication which looks at weathered and worn effects in a variety of models. SB 78pp £4.99

ACES 135 MiG-21 Aces of the Vietnam War I Toperczer Examines the many variants of the MiG-21 that fought in the Vietnam conflict. SB 112pp £13.99

Panzerwrecks 21 German Armour 1944-45 L Archer How do you convert a Panther into a pepperpot? Includes many other features. SB 96pp £17.99

MDF Scaled Down The Boeing F/A18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler A Evans History of the Super Hornet and Growler. SB 100 pp £14.99

Kagero Top Drawings 44. Grumman F6F Hellcat F6F-3, F6F-5 models O Boiko Contains a plethora of line drawings, profiles and masking foils. SB 28pp £17.99

order via our secure website:

Duel 81 Sea Harrier FRS 1 vs Mirage III/ Dagger South Atlantic 1982 D Dildy Offers a balanced and objective examination of the SHAR and the Argentine Mirage and Dagger aircraft. SB 80pp £12.99

Campaign 312 Operation Torch 1942 The Invasion of French North Africa B Herder The story of Operation Torch, the largest and most complex amphibious invasion of its time. SB 96pp £14.99

Javelin Boys. Air Defence from the Cold War to Confrontation S Bond Interviews with Javelin veterans, all with captivating tales of their time on the aircraft. HB 208pp £20.00

Los Derivados Hispanos Del Bf 109 J Serrano SPANISH TEXT. Details the licence built Bf 109s that served with the Spanish Air Force in the post WWII years. With B&W photos. HB 218pp £42.00

War Art - Three volumes - boxed set This gift box set contains three volumes, Art from the First World War, Art from the Second World War, and Art from Contemporary Conflict. SB boxed set £20.00

SS10250 DH.98 Mosquito in action R Mackay A detailed look at the Mosquito featuring numerous line drawings, colour profiles and archive photos. SB 80pp £14.99


T: 01530 231407 (+44 1530 231407) E: [email protected] Post: Aviation & Military Book Centre, PO Box 10159, Coalville, Leics LE67 1WB

Delivery charges UK: Order value below £20 = £3.50,£20+above = £5.50. Overseas: Standard Airmail please add 15% of order value. Minimum £5.50. Priority Airmail add 20% of order value. Minimum £7.50. Australia & New Zealand 25% order value (Minimum £8).

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SH72370 1/72

7332 1/72

"Indian Light Fighter"


Folland Gnat F.1 Interior set for SH 7333 1/72

Folland Gnat F.1

Control surfaces set

Q72 237 1/72

Folland Gnat F.1/Ajeet Mk.1 MB Mk. GF4 Ejection seat

SH48183 1/48

IMAM (Romeo) Ro.37 “A30 engine”

N72025 1/72

WWII German Torpedo SH72178 1/72

Nakajima Ki-43-III Ko


Type G7e (3 pcs)




SN72006 1/72


"German Midget Submarine"

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E M B R A E R E 190

Revell’s Second Coming By Karl Robinson Kit No: 03937 Scale: 1/144 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


Several small aerials are moulded onto the starboard fuselage half but I chose to cut these off, storing safely for re-attachment later as they would hinder working to eliminate the central seam

hilst the long haul commercial aviation market is dominated almost exclusively by the big boys of Boeing and Airbus Industries, the short to medium haul market has opened up quite a lot in the last decade or so allowing room for manufacturers such as the Brazilian Aerospace Conglomerate Embraer to get their feet under the table. Embraer’s E-Jet series of airframes have become more and more popular with the E170/E175 and E190/E195 models making their way into more and more fleets each year. These can now be commonly seen at many worldwide airports dotting between cities for many of the major airlines. This is Revell’s second incarnation of the

Each of the cabin windows required varying amounts of excess flashing to be cleaned out, which is easily done by running a sharp blade around the inner edge. Although simple this is a time consuming process

Once the rudimentary cockpit and nose weight were installed, the inner surface of the fuselage was sprayed medium grey as this prevents a transparent look to the final model

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Embraer E-Jet series after last year’s release of the E195 in the colours of Lufthansa’s Italian feeder airline Air Dolomiti. The E190/E195 series feature greater than ninety five percent commonality in parts between the airframes, but the only aspect of concern for modelling is that the E195 is longer in fuselage length than the E190 by 2.43 metres. For those that want or need to know these things, the difference lies with eighty three centimetres chopped out forward of the front baggage door, and a further 160 centimetres removed between the rear of the wing fairing and the rear baggage door. With just a little jiggery pokery performed, well most probably dropping in an insert into the mould

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E M B R A E R E 190

More excess flashing issues were encountered on the winglets. Be very careful to ensure that you do not remove any of the actual part when cleaning up

Each engine is made from a variety of components giving a decent level of detail, although once covered up by the cowlings little will be seen

Deluxe Materials Glue ‘n’ Glaze was applied into each window to act as a mask to prevent white overspray inside. This is easily removed again after painting and re-applied for the final window effect for the shorter fuselage, Revell have produced the E190 variant maximising the utility of the moulding for both airframes in the future. As the engines, wings and other external components are identical between these two models, this makes perfect sense. On first inspection the kit looks impressive with finely recessed panel lines and a good level of detail across all the surfaces, and has a logical and sensible breakdown of parts with nothing standing out that would worry you during construction. My only gripes were that despite being a relatively new tooling there was an uncommon amount of flash around many parts with the wing and winglets being heavily affected to the point of it looking like a vacform part. Additional inspection flagged up a few very

Flap actuators are moulded as separate parts which will be useful for anyone looking to modify the wing and drop the flaps

Both engines are keyed for left and right fitting to avoid any confusion and are such a good clean fit that they can be left off to assist painting and handling

minor surface blemishes on the fuselage, but nothing that some light sanding and cleanup wouldn’t fix. Neither of these issues is difficult to overcome with just a little additional care and time before construction, but it is worth dealing with them beforehand as they will show up like a sore thumb on a glossy finish. Cabin and cockpit windows are moulded as holes in the fuselage with the cockpit getting a clear plastic insert to fit into the post box type slot, but nothing is provided for the cabin. No mention is made in the instructions here to help the inexperienced and it would have you apply the silver window outline decals and rely upon the carrier film to cover the window gaps, something that is not going to be a good solution in the long run. Essentially your only

option will be to use a clear white glue designed for this job, such as Microscale Krystal Kleer, Deluxe Materials Glue ‘n’ Glaze or similar. I do wish that all manufacturers would give the best of both worlds and provide all glazing in clear plastic and also decal form allowing the modeller a choice of finish. In my opinion decalling allows for a much cleaner, sharper, smoother finish and also allows for different variations that exist on the same airframes without any surgery. But more of that later! Before construction commenced I cleaned out each of the cabin windows of the varying amounts of flash, then painted the entire inner surfaces in a mid-grey colour. I find that without doing this the finished model can look a little on the transparent side in bright light, so the grey



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E M B R A E R E 190

gives some internal depth. I also carefully removed a number of small antenna that were moulded onto the starboard fuselage, placing them safely away for reattachment at the end of the build, as they would get in the way when eliminating the centre seam along the fuselage. Surprisingly a rudimentary cockpit is provided in the kit, which can simply be painted and used as is, or used as a good base to detail up if you so desire. Once locked safely into the front of the fuselage, along with the fully enclosed nose leg bay, the requisite amount of twenty grams can be squeezed into the front of the airframe to avoid any tail sitting when completed. Happily the clear plastic cockpit framing fitted relatively well into the post box slot making positioning and gluing fairly simple. Despite this there was still a noticeable gap around it so I filled this in using a few applications of white glue thinned down with water, around thirty percent, and carefully applied it into the gaps with a very fine brush in order to build it up level. The main undercarriage boxes are mounted onto a plate that fits into the lower centre of the fuselage so are best painted before closing things up. Whilst the fuselage was setting I turned my attention to making up the pair of engines. Each one is made up of a number of internal components including a basic moulded fan blade disc, a central compressor section in halves, and finally the exhaust nozzle and cone. Once painted up these are sandwiched within

the main cowling halves, which are moulded with the wing pylon already attached. The intake lip and internal trunking is moulded as a single push in part eliminating any need to clean up seams. The pylons are keyed for left and right application and fit so well that they do not need to be glued into place until the model is actually finished, thus helping hugely with painting and decalling. No issues were encountered with fitting the wings or tail planes, with all locating into place nicely and easily setting at the correct dihedrals and leaving perfect root joins matching all surrounding panel lines. All of the wing flap actuators are provided as separate parts, there being six in all which fit very well. With these being separate it does make things a bit easier if you are thinking of amending the wings and scratch building the flaps in the lowered position. Different parts are provided for having the undercarriage up or down, depending on your choice. All of the parts fit very well so if having the gear down, you can leave them off until after painting and decalling to avoid any accidents or damage to them. The legs may be a touch over scale in thickness but this is to be expected otherwise strength may be compromised and despite this they are well detailed and do not look out of place at all. Failure to study the instructions thoroughly

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and in complete depth left me in a pickle when it came to decalling. I had completed the left hand side of the fuselage and when I moved to the right I noticed that the decals had a white cabin shaped window at the front of the decal line. It seems that the Lufthansa aircraft do not have this first cabin window and it is expected that this decal will close it off... Well, that’s never going to work is it! So even at this very late stage of the build I set about filling in the offending first cabin window, rubbing it all down, feathering the edges of the paintwork and finally respraying the area. I just wish the instructions would have mentioned this during the construction stage to avoid this hair raising fix so late in the project. Despite this hiccup the decals themselves were fantastic, featuring all of the necessary stencilling and other small details, as is to be expected with the sheet being designed by DACO Products who produce some awesome aftermarket airliner decal sheets. It is great that Revell are continuing to invest in newly tooled airliners as it is a market that seems to be very much on the increase. Levels of detail throughout the kit are good and when combined with the lovely decal sheet it makes for a really nice overall package. With the kit being priced very reasonably, and the fact that it builds nicely and has very few issues, it is an honest bargain in the market today.

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Cityhopper Revell’s Second Coming


By Karl Robinson


GEHEIM! The Luftwaffe’s jets, rockets and secret projects in World War II


By Mike Verier


Provost Training A closer look at the Airfix kit


By Peter Doyle


Walkaround Fisher P-75A Eagle By Steve Muth Peregrine Publishing

29 32.

Shades of Grey F-16 Aggressor By Rick Greenwood

32 36.

Foul Weather Friend MiG-320 Interceptor By Ken Duffey

36 39

Aircraft in Profile Morane Saulnier M.S.406 by Mark Rolfe Scale Plans and Colour Profiles by Mark Rolfe

39 54.

Colour Conundrum Scale Plans and Colour Profiles


By Paul Lucas With Artwork by Mark Rolfe


have been saddened this month by thoughts of those trying to ingest the contents of Scale Aircraft Modelling in a couple of short minutes’ browsing at the newsagents. Clearly, from comments perceived, the sheer density of our pages is rendering this task more difficult and while one can only be impressed by the mental dexterity of someone who can pronounce a magazine devoid of interest after barely flicking through the pages I think it only right and proper to provide some pointers in this editorial in case they overlook something in the process. This month, for instance, Mr Peter Doyle is back with an informed and thorough look at the Airfix Jet Provost, a kit that has been covered both on and offline in recent months, but not to this extent. Peter has applied his knowledge and hands on experience to another classic British subject and there is plenty there to learn. SIG 144, meanwhile, will be getting me into trouble with the large scale enthusiasts as there are a whole five pages this month on Mike Verier’s amazing collection of Luftwaffe jets and rockets. Yes we know it’s not your scale and you only like Mustangs but that’s not what a magazine does. If you only read the title and dismiss the rest as being of no interest you are going to miss out on a wellwritten, erudite and entertaining piece illustrating a fascinating collection of beautifully built models that showcases skills and techniques you may actually not possess. Likewise Dave Hooper’s Camel. I urge and implore those of you who bought the magazine because Karl’s Embraer is on the cover to have a good look into all the rest of the articles. They are written and designed to be read and enjoyed by all modellers. Our aim is to engage, entertain, where possible to instruct, and ultimately to provide a comprehensive reading experience for those looking to engage with the hobby on all levels. I realise, of course, that the notion of news stand browsers actually reading this editorial is entirely fatuous but on the off chance they do then I say again: ‘Pray thee take care, that tak’st my book in hand, to read it well, that is to understand’.

By Gary Hatcher Editor



Naval 3

Distributed to the UK and International news trade by

Wingnut Wings Sopwith Camel BR.1 By Dave Hooper



via MarketForce (UK) Limited 110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU


STORE FINDER Subs-Section: Revell Typhoon by Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett, V-Bombers in 1/144 by Tim Skeet and Sub-Cutaneous by Paul Lucas

Books-A-Million, Inc. presently operates over 200 stores in 18 states and the District of Columbia. To find the store nearest your location visit: www.booksamillioninc.com/store_finder/index.html



3909 News Page 8-13_Scuttlebutt 17/10/2017 13:19 Page 8


Sorge reports to our Facebook page


It will not have escaped your notice that we have been playing down the news related sections of the magazine in the acceptance that with the best will in the world we cannot hope to compete in print with the Internet in this respect. Rather than trying to sell you dozens of pages of material that you probably read on a website three weeks ago we have been concentrating on including less time sensitive material, and while we accept there are some readers who do not spend their lives on their computers we are satisfied that this is a better use of page space. Of course we will continue to run items that we regard as relevant and of interest, but the days

RODEN C-5B Galaxy Scale: 1/144 Kit No: 330 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Pocketbond/Squadron The C-5 has been in service since June 1970 and is still a valuable asset to the USAF Heavy Lift programme. The aircraft first flew on 30th June 1968 and was manufactured between 1968 and 1989. Subsequent airframe and avionics upgrades have culminated in the C-5M variant that will see the aircraft in use until beyond 2040. The C-5B was manufactured between 1985 and 1989 with fifty built. It is an improved version of the C-5A with upgraded wings, landing gear, TF-39-GE-1C turbofan engines and avionics. The aircraft has a crew of seven, can carry a payload of 122,470kg, is 247ft long, with a wingspan of 65ft and a range of 2,760 miles.

when it was appropriate to base an entire editorial policy around being first with the news are past. In print at least. But SAM has been laying the ground for a comprehensive interaction with the Internet for years, and our Facebook page is currently one of the most active and wellrespected in the industry. Moving forward we aim to continue keeping the greater part of our readership informed on new releases through the Facebook medium and with this in mind we have asked our newsman Richard Sorge to take responsibility for reposting press releases and

bulletins, as well as scouring the web for news of products and kits. Sorge's reports will be posted frequently and regularly and shared with our numerous and ever growing Facebook readership. In the meantime, to ensure your item gets the maximum coverage it deserves, email news updates and images of anything, from a new resin NACA duct in 1/144 to a 1/32 Fairey Gannet, to my colleague Mr Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett, who hasn’t nearly enough to do and will pass the material on to Sorge for wider usage. Send all material to [email protected]

one colour marking and painting guide and one decal sheet. The plastic parts have very nicely engraved panel lines and surface detailing, there is cockpit detail but no cargo bay detail and the cargo bay doors are modelled closed. There is scope here to detail the interior and hopefully aftermarket parts will appear.

instrument panel. Cockpit side walls are present along with a nice pilot's seat.

Decals are supplied for one aircraft:

Assembly is broken down into thirty eight separate stages and are shown in the usual format of clearly laid out pictorial diagrams in the instruction booklet. Markings are provided for two airframes and a decal and painting guide is provided in full colour on a double side A4 sheet. Colour call outs are referenced to the Humbrol range with designations also provided.

•Lockheed C-5B Galaxy, s/n 860024, Air Mobility Command, 82 AMW, 346 AMW, Travis Air Base, late 1990s

Hints at other versions to follow are the inclusion of drop tanks and the fact that the fuselage is contained on a separate sprue accompanying the cockpit tub sections. Flight controls are moulded retracted but the canopy can be shown open.


Colour call outs are for Vallejo paints. The decals are nicely printed with plenty of stencils and markings.

Messerschmitt Me 262A-1

Roden will no doubt release other variants of this kit in the coming months but for now it is a very welcome new kit and long overdue. I am sorely tempted to open up the cargo bay on this kit, but I think that might have to wait until I get my hands on another one. I walked through one of these at RIAT one year - they are massive and mightily impressive, and the kit looks every bit as impressive as the real thing!


Andy McCabe

Lifting the lid reveals the parts inside are the old pale blue grey plastic, a welcome return in my opinion, as the newer darker grey plastic toolings of the P-40 and Ju 87 featured extensive ejector pin marks on most parts and some in really prominent places. On closer inspection there were no mould flaws to be found in this kit other than a very small amount of flash on the sprues.

The new Roden kit of the C-5 has been a long time coming in this scale as a plastic model kit, the Revell one having long since disappeared, as have the moulds so this new release from Roden will be very popular, especially with me as I never got to build a C-5 in this scale. The kit contains fourteen sprues and two fuselage halves of grey and one clear sprue of clear injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet, one assembly booklet,

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Scale: 1/72 Kit No: 03088 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Just released from Airfix is their new tool of the iconic World War II jet fighter the Me 262. The choice of subject matter from Airfix has to be applauded as they continue to work through their back catalogue of outdated moulds. The now very familiar red box features some outstanding digital art work that would look suburb as a print hung on the model room wall.

The parts are contained on three runners with a single smaller clear sprue containing the canopy. A fine mixture of engraved and raised surface detail is provided and is in keeping with other releases to date. Airfix have presented the forward windscreen with the surrounding panel to avoid fit issues, much like Tamiya did with their 1/48 offering. Detail is good for the scale and a decal is also provided for the

The small decal sheet is printed by Cartograf and provides stencil data alongside the markings for both aircraft. Another great release from Airfix that will jump the pending queue at the workbench! Rick Greenwood

BIG PLANES KITS First Look Canadair Challenger CC144/CE144 Scale: 1/144 Kit No: 14405 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic www.bigplaneskits.com









3909 News Page 8-13_Scuttlebutt 17/10/2017 13:19 Page 10


KINETIC T-Harrier Two Seat Trainer Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 48040 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic www.luckymodel.com First flown in 1978, Canadair’s elegant Challenger series of business jets has since 1986 been under the Bombardier brand with over 1,600 produced to date. It has found a wide following, not least amongst the military of some ten nations who use it for communications work as well as a number of more interesting roles. It has also been proposed as a multi mission platform marketed by Boeing. Big Planes’ model fills a void left by the much missed Revell offering and does it with some style. The two kits complement each other as they feature the two different engine fits appropriate to the type. Unlike Revell, BPK have gone for doing the fuselage halves in clear plastic, thus avoiding the need for fettling separate windows. This is backed up by a set of masks which should greatly ease painting. Included on the mask sheet are some of the aircraft code numbers for those who wish to get the contrast colours just right, although these are also on a decal sheet supplement just in case. There is also a neat brass etch with some of the finer details and antennae to enhance the model further. Finally the two engine exhaust cones are provided as resin castings. The rest of the model comes on two delicately engraved light grey sprues, these include cockpit and wheel detail to a high standard, certainly adequate for the scale. No less than six RCAF schemes are provided, which is not bad since the Canadians only had twelve aircraft, four CC-144A transport variants and two CE-144A EW training conversions. All of these are the standard dark grey over light grey basic scheme with variations of dark or light contrast markings. Two of them have a neat blue strip marking across the fin, which provides a nice relief to the otherwise all grey airframes.

Much more on this month, but just a quick heads up now to the effect that the first Harrier trainer kit is now about to land and will be on sale at Telford, if not before.

ZVEZDA Boeing 737-800 Kit Appraisal Scale: 1/144 Kit No: 7019 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic The 737-800 variant is amongst the 737 Next Generation (NG) family that have been manufactured since 1996 and of which over 7,000 have been delivered. The -800 is a stretched version of the -700 and can accommodate up to 189 passengers depending on the configuration. The 737-800 is powered by two CFM567B24/26/27 engines and has a range of 2,935 miles and a cockpit crew of two.

The Platz Draken is number four in the Flying Color series of two-in-abox 1/144 scale models. Like the other most recent issue, the F.6 Lightning, this pairing comes in cleanly moulded plastic, with very fine engraved panel lines, and each model is presented on two plastic sprues of twenty seven parts. There's a tiny separately bagged clear sprue for each, containing the canopies which have the characteristic lugs which fit into the cockpit sides, not too much of an issue here since the canopy is so small.

• J35F 68, s/n 35578, Flygflottilij 10, Swedish Air Force, two tone green over grey • F-35 A-007, s/n 35.1007, Eskadrille 725, Danish Air Force, overall green Colour references are to Mr Hobby and Model Master. The upper and lower fuselage parts come as single pieces with a horizontal split line, the intakes are in one piece and moulded quite deep and the undercarriage can be built raised or lowered. There are no weapons or pylons included, but there are a pair of drop tanks. Whilst there's a separate fin for the Danish F-35 fighter bomber variant, the rest of the plastic isn't completely accurate for this type, since they carried larger diameter drop tanks, were fitted with emergency field arrestor hooks and had a nose profiled to accommodate a laser rangefinder.

The decals are nicely printed with some very fine stencils and operator logos printed on them. The parts are very nicely moulded with very fine engraved panel lines and detailing. This will no doubt build into another excellent airliner model from Zvezda. Andy McCabe

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Scale: 1/144 Kit No: FC-4 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic

• J35F 47, Flygflottilij 10, Swedish Air Force, overall natural metal

The Zvezda kit contains four sprues of grey and one sprue of clear injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one assembly/painting/marking guide. Decals are supplied for one operator, UT Air, which is a Russian Airline whose hub is at the Vnukovo International Airport. Two registrations are supplied, VQ-BJH and VQ-BJF.

Mike Verier

SAAB Draken

The kit's decals are by Rocketeer and look very nice, typical of Platz' recent issues, and offer three schemes:

The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

This is a very welcome release, particularly as there are some superb decal options out there and if you want to take it a little further TechMod do a brass set, which includes a lovely set of entry steps complete with interior bulkheads and outer door. Designed for the Revell kit the bulkheads exactly match those on the BPK model too so I anticipate no difficulties. Highly recommended.

www.tigerhobbies.co.uk www.coastalcraftmodelsuk.com

PLATZ We are advised that Platz kits are now being imported by Tiger Hobbies, while much of the range can also be obtained from Coastal Craft, who are also carrying Shelf Oddity, Retrokit and various other 1/144 products. Check them out on the Internet.

Construction looks to be straightforward, the fuselage halves locating with large pegs and sandwiching a simple cockpit tub, which contains only a rudimentary seat and instrument panel. Retrokit do a drop-in resin cockpit for the Pit Road kit which may also fit this model. The airframe is essentially completed with the addition of the afterburner section of the tailpipe, fin, two intakes and nose cone. A wheels down model will need a bit more effort to fit the gear and doors. Overall, an attractive package just crying out for some aftermarket decals for the various Swedish schemes, as well as the potential for Austrian and Finnish machines. Huw Morgan

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MODELS FOR HEROES UPDATE: Models for Heroes was setup up in March this year. Thanks to our hard-working trustees and a handful of incredibly motivated volunteers I began to receive models and funding almost immediately. To date, Models for Heroes have been donated over £4,000 in funds and had over 600 kits donated since March 2017. We have sent hundreds of donated kits across the country to three Combat Stress Treatment Offices and four Help for Heroes Recovery Centres. We also provide model kits to be sent in well-being packages to deployed British soldiers around the globe through the charity Support Our Soldiers. We send the easier kits to Scotty’s Little Soldiers, a charity that supports the children of bereaved military families where a parent has been lost in conflict. We run modelling sessions at Tedworth House and Chavasse House Recovery Centres with a modelling course being planned at Phoenix House by a dedicated volunteer. To date we have introduced scale modelling to fifty eight ex service personnel and veterans through our modelling sessions. Models for Heroes is a non-profit charitable company limited by guarantee. The aims of Models for Heroes are to provide supplies of modelling materials to treatment centres and to raise awareness of the mental health benefits of scale modelling. The second aim is to promote the hobby in general. The company does not make a profit for any one individual and the profits made by

Models for Heroes get turned straight back into the furthering of the aims. This statement is part of our governing document, signed and upheld by the trustees of Models for Heroes. We have lots of exciting plans for the future. Headed up by an enthusiastic volunteer and supported by Models for Heroes we’re planning on setting up a modelling club for veterans and ex service personnel including the veterans of the emergency services in Northern Ireland. We are discussing more sessions at more treatment centres in the north and the south of the UK all the time and our need for volunteers all over the UK is growing. We are going to have our first table at the Farnborough Model Show and plan to be at the Southern Expo in March 2018. You can help us by providing funding, kits or supplies. If you have kits sitting in your loft, garage or stash that you know you'll never get around to building, why not donate them to be used in therapeutic modelling sessions? We’re looking for all genres, scales, makes and levels of difficulty. We can also accept tools, paints, brushes, tweezers, clippers, cutting mats and any supplies that are useful to building models. They need to be unused but not necessarily unopened. We also collect Airfix Flying Hours, and so far have converted thousands of hours sent to us from around the world into over a hundred Airfix kits! For the address to send donations to head to www.modelsforheroes.co.uk or follow them on twitter @modelsforheroes or Facebook.



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Eduard Focke Wulf Fw 190a-4 ProfiPaCK Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 82142 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic www.eduard.com So, do you really need a new Fw 190A-4? That is the question being bandied around the clouds at the moment, and while it may be a more pertinent matter for those with an attic stuffed full of older toolings that they need to justify, for those prepared to draw a line in the sand behind them and look only forward it is a much simpler choice. The bottom line is you may not need a new Fw 190A-4, but I do... There are of course plenty of perfectly good kits out there representing the early short nosed version of the famous fighter. Hasegawa’s kits, based on the earlier Trimaster/Dragon tooling, and Tamiya’s A-3 from the same vintage have

been the benchmarks for a long time. Both are names generally associated with quality and detail, but this is Eduard we are talking about now, and it’s twenty years down the line from when those kits were first tooled and things have changed. For many modellers the previous series of Fw 190 kits from this source proved a mixed blessing. On the one hand they were fantastically detailed and offered so much more than anything ever before, including pretty much every variant from the A-5 onwards, but the downside was a somewhat complex build, with not only the engine and bearers needing great care to align correctly but also a tricky job of fitting the wing root cannon bay panels. Bottom line was if you wanted everything open, showing off both engine and armament, you had a fantastic opportunity to achieve the best possible result. If on the other hand you wanted to close everything up you had your work cut out. Eduard, in what is presumably the first kit of

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a series destined to encompass all the early variants, have addressed this and provided the modeller with the best of both worlds. Tooling and engineering are, as ever, exquisite. All the options and extras we have come to expect from a ProfiPACK are there such as etch, masks, separate control surfaces and optional canopies, but those crucial wing gun bay covers are moulded integral, designed to slot into recesses in the fuselage halves, while the fuselage comes, thankfully, in two complete halves without the multi part cowling assembly that has made so many manufacturer’s Fw 190 and Bf 109 kits a chore. If you do want to go to town then Eduard’s Brassin range has this month issued a full set of updates offering engine, cockpit, fuselage armament and wing gun bays, as well as etched flaps and probably a Spülbecken as well. This is a significant release, and we look forward to further issues in the series!

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BUNNY FIGHTER CLUB The unstoppable power of the BFC continues to guarantee good deals and bargains on all Eduard products, and with Le Grand Cirque just around the corner, and Eduard coming to town, there has never been a better time to sign up The new Fw 190A-4 is just one of many new and coming releases, and keep an eye on their website for more special editions. These are always worth getting your hands on, but some are available only to loyalty club members so if you want to be sure of getting these, and indeed all Eduard kits at a knock-down price, you simply need to join the BFC! This will get you a fifteen percent permanent club discount at Eduard’s Store, unique valuable club kits and accessories, even better prices at the Eduard event stand and a BFC t-shirt with a unique design and special barcode, used for event discounts. This exclusive t-shirt will only be available to members of BFC. You’ll also get free entry at E-day so check out the website for full details. www.eduard.com/bfc



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Last Straw or

When the wheels Came Off By Huw Morgan

Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) Kit No: 48002 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Brengun www.brengun.cz


y the summer of 1944 the tide had turned against Japan in the Pacific, the Allies' island hopping strategy taking them inexorably closer to the Japanese home islands. Faced with this reversal, a number of voices in the Japanese military began advocating more radical, unconventional tactics. One of these voices was that of Navy Ensign Mitsuo Ohta, who conceived and proposed the idea of a rocket powered, piloted bomb; a suicide attacker. The Navy seized on Ohta's idea and quickly commissioned Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho at Yokosuka to design and build prototypes. Designated the MXY7, ten unpowered prototypes were completed by September 1944, Yokosuka intending that this initial Model 11 be powered by three Type 4 Mark 1 Model 20 rockets with a combined thrust of 800kg, and planning that it would carry an enormous 1,200kg warhead. Designed to be built quickly and cheaply using non strategic materials, delivery to target was to be by air launch from

specially modified G4M2e Betty bombers. Over 750 Model 11 Ohkas were built, but their limited range of around twenty nautical miles meant that the slow and cumbersome Bettys were easy targets for Allied fighters. Relatively few Ohkas achieved a successful launch, and fewer still struck home. With the Japanese military desperate to develop the Ohka into a viable point defence weapon as well as a potential attacker, various attempts were made to increase its useful range, and the Model 22 adopted a crude jet engine based on the concept of the Campini type motor jet. The Model 22 was longer, with a shorter wingspan to suit the proposed P1Y1 Ginga Frances launch aircraft, and carried a lighter weapon of 800kg. The engine was a Tsu-11, in which a four cylinder Hitachi Hatsukaze (a license built Hirth HM504) internal combustion engine drove a compressor fan via a 1:3 step-up gearbox. The hot compressed air was delivered to a rear mounted combustion chamber into which liquid fuel was sprayed. Of the 800kg static thrust developed, less than a third was developed by the fuel burn. Only fifty Model 22 Ohkas were built, and it appears that none were used in actual combat. Brengun's 1/48 kit of the Ohka Model 22 is pretty straightforward, reflecting the simple construction of the original. There are forty two sand coloured plastic parts on a single sprue

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with thirteen of them accounting for the transport dolly. Overall shape looks pretty good, with the possible exception of the twin vertical stabilisers, which appear to be the smaller ones fitted to the rocket powered Type 11. A comparison with drawings in the Putnam book suggests that the fins are around two millimetres too short in this scale. The plastic moulding is distinctly short run but apart from some flash is pretty good, although the cockpit parts are rather simplified and there's a bit of a void behind the intakes for the Tsu-11. The canopy is in one piece and a bit blurred, and there's a tiny etched fret for the front sights. A very small decal sheet offers stencils and the cherry blossom emblem, but it appears that very few of the Ohkas built carried Hinomaru. A single scheme is suggested, of overall IJN (Mitsubishi) grey with the longitudinal red stripe featured on the surviving example at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum in Washington. Alongside the kit Brengun offer a separate fret of etched details, BRL48081, which includes much more detail for the cockpit, vanes for the intakes and various external panels, which I had available courtesy of the Editor. Construction starts with the cockpit, which was sparsely fitted out in real life, and was painted with Mr Hobby H332 Light Aircraft Grey. The etched seat, belts and instrument panel were added to the kit's plastic floor, bulkhead and joystick. There are some etched controls to

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The plastic comes on a single sprue with twenty two parts, including the transport trolley

The kit's plastic seat is rather bland, the etched option being much better

The cockpit floor has the multi part etched rudder pedals and seat added

The canopy is easy to separate into fixed and sliding parts

be added to the side walls, etched vanes are added to the inside of the jet intakes on both sides, and the rather spurious compressor face is glued in before the fuselage halves are ready to be joined. Detail painting of the interior is uncomplicated and in real life these airframes would have very little time to become worn or weathered, a dilute wash of black/burnt umber being enough to bring out the detail. The wings come in horizontally split halves with rather clunky aileron detail but the horizontal stabiliser is a single piece. The fins were extended by gluing thick plastic card to the top and bottom edges, and profiling them by reference to an unmodified fin, then reversing the process. Some of the rudder hinge detail was lost, to be replaced by slivers of plastic card. The fit of the wings and vertical fins/rudders isn't great, but a swipe of Perfect Plastic putty fixed that. There are a few external etched and plastic details to be added, but the airframe is completed pretty quickly. The prominent mass balances for the stabiliser surfaces are included on the photo etch sheet as multi part sandwiches, although they are more accurate than the kit's plastic items. I didn't bother with the sandwiching, just added the main armature,

There's some minor filling needed at the wing joint. Note the extended fins

and built up the bulk of the weight with superglue. The one-piece canopy fits tidily but wanting something different I cut mine to allow it to be posed open which was done quite easily using tape to delineate the cut line. The airframe was prepared for painting using Halfords primer polished with 1,000 grit abrasive pads, taking due care to avoid knocking off the tiny external details. I was intending the finished model to look as if it had been abandoned, so did some preshading before applying an overall colour of Mr Hobby H61 IJN Grey. The jet nozzle was painted with Vallejo Acrylic metallic Dark Aluminium and Magnesium. There are relatively few panel lines, and those present are prominent enough without enhancement, but to represent a tired, abandoned look I dotted some brown and green oil paints on and dragged them down the fuselage with a broad brush dampened in odourless thinners. The kit includes a wheeled trolley as seen on many immediate postwar photographs, although inevitably detail is limited. To add some visual interest I decided to present the model on the trolley, as if it was being wheeled out to be loaded for a last ditch mission (as were they all), when the wheels came off, literally and

The rather short fins were extended with thick plastic strip metaphorically, for the entire Japanese war effort. The trolley was largely made of wood, so was painted with Tamiya XF-60 Yellow with a deep wash and streaking of Burnt Umber oil paint to develop a grain effect. In line with the idea of the aircraft having been abandoned at the last minute, I left one of the wheels off, its failure representing the last straw.

Conclusions Brengun's choice of the Model 22 Ohka might be considered unusual, since it saw no active service and relatively few were built. The Model 22 is technically interesting however, with its motor jet propulsion and lean aggressive looks. The kit is a typical short run offering, with relatively few parts and a simple construction. The plastic is quite nice, but the additional photo etched fret offered by Brengun is pretty essential for a 1/48 airframe. An interesting addition to any Japanese collection.

References Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War Putnam



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Sword’s Centaur By Bryce Nicely Fiat G.55 Centauro Kit No: SW72104 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Sword Hannants/UMM-USA


or those greybeards among us, the presence in the Airfix catalogues of old of their sole Italian World War II fighter, the Fiat G.50 Freccia, was both a source of fascination and frustration. Fascination because the G.50, with its hulking great cowling covering the radial engine, and an open cockpit, looked so different from the run of the mill British and German fighters. Frustrating because of its fiendish mottled camouflage scheme, which no amount of cutting down of brushes and stippling technique ever seemed to master. Worse, the relevant volume of the schoolboy modeller's bible of the 1960s and early 1970s, William Green’s War Planes of the Second World War, revealed a host of fascinating Italian types that seemed to have been missed by Airfix and were beyond the ken of the little composite sports and model shops of the period, who never seemed to stock elusive FROGs, a company it was rumoured kitted both the Fiat CR42 and the Macchi C200. But for the Italian enthusiast things long ago moved on, and the latest offering from the Czech company Sword provides us with Fiat’s successor to the indifferent G.50, the formidable G.55 Centauro. It was only built in small numbers, almost entirely for the post September 1943 Italian Social Republic’s Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (ANR), along with some postwar exports. However with its refined fuselage and wing, a DB 605 A-1 engine giving the G.55 a maximum speed of 385mph at 23,000 feet, and heavy armament, it addressed and overcame the faults that had plagued earlier Italian fighters. All in all, a worthy addition to Sword’s catalogue. So what do you get for your money? First thing to note is that you get two kits in the large, end opening box. Box art has certainly improved over the last few years, and the Sword box art is very good, featuring a G.55 of the ANR intercepting a large formation of high-flying B24 Liberators. Each kit has a parts count of forty three injection moulded pieces, in addition to a single resin part and a separately bagged two piece injection moulded canopy. All panel lines are nicely done, and are comprehensive as far as I could tell from references in my library. Just to

remind myself of advances in kit manufacture over the years, I dug my mid 1970s Supermodel G.55S, a one-off torpedo carrying prototype, out of the stash and compared it with Sword’s offering. The old Supermodel version pretty much matched the dimensions of the Sword kit, but my, how the raised surface detail of the 1970s kit stood out. It’s definitely one just for old times’ sake now. Only one piece of the Sword kit will be superfluous for each build from the box, with a choice of vertical tail fins (part 5). In addition, there is an extensive decal sheet by Techmod that offers no less than seven quite different finishes for the ANR from the spring and summer of 1944. The main sheet comes with a number of additional and unexplained errata sheets, of which more later. The choice of finishes alone makes this short run kit very attractive, and on my part guarantees further purchases, if only for the stash, and retirement, when/if it ever comes. The kit is short run, so be prepared for the usual tidying up, minimal flash and, more problematic, mating the major parts without location points and lugs. Assembly starts with the cockpit tub which consists of an instrument panel, nicely rendered cockpit floor, seat, forward bulkhead, control column and armoured head rest. There is no acetate nor decal for the instrument panel, so it is a case of a bit of fine brush work or waiting for a panel from Yahu, which is currently promised for 2017. No seat harnesses are provided so again it’s a case of aftermarket belts or the usual tape job. That is a pity, as the seat and much of the cockpit can be seen through the canopy despite the framing. I don’t understand why seat harness details are not routinely included with kits these days, especially as the provision of pilot figures with harnesses moulded on are both rare and out of favour. The tub parts go together easily and the tub fits neatly between the fuselage halves. The only difficulty I had was with the armoured head rest, as its exact location is unclear from the instructions. Once that was sorted, and the tail wheel location and radiator bath insert located, it was time to bring the fuselage halves together. This proved to be the trickiest part of assembly. Despite much in the way of dry runs, care to ensure flat mating surfaces and taping of the assembled fuselage halves, there was still a lip between the two mated halves, most noticeable around the nose. Sanding and some filling removed this, and a more skilled modeller might not have the same issue, but it was irritating nonetheless even it if does go with short run territory The wings are in three parts, with a complete lower wing and two upper wing halves. Before mating, the sole resin part is inserted into the underwing centre line providing a nice little representation of the internal detail exposed by the open undercarriage bays. This was all prepainted and washed, with colour call outs for the small parts present throughout the instructions, as were the wheel well rear wall inserts. Mating upper and lower wing parts revealed similar issues to that experienced with the fuselage halves. In this case however a bit of judicious sanding sorted the problem. The radiator bath, exhausts and air filter were next, although I left the exhausts off until after painting. The horizontal tail planes are butt joined and some may feel that they need pinning. However with my trusty Lego jig, they set reasonably strongly so I didn’t have to risk drilling into the quite narrow surfaces.

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Stage 7 of the assembly provides an optional vertical tail, which involves removing the existing tail plane and substituting a replacement. The replaced tail matches three of the seven finish options, so you are going to have to decide which of the finishes you are going for before you start. Each undercarriage assembly is made up of seven parts, and there appears to be a part number confusion here. The undercarriage doors have been misnumbered on the assembly instructions compared with the parts layout diagram, so make sure you have the shaped and handed doors on the correct side of the undercarriage. With the undercarriage on, along with wing cannon fairings, prop and some sticky out bits, the canopy was next. This is on the thick side, but clear, and has the advantage of being able to be displayed open, hinged to starboard, if you’ve made improvements to the cockpit. Not having done so I fitted a closed cockpit, and as a result it was necessary to undertake a bit of careful fairing into the fuselage. All ready for paint, and the great choice. Choices, choices, choices, and all of them marvellous. The G.55's service with the ANR saw the aircraft finished in a variety of Italian style paint schemes, along with some Germanic splinter and mottled finishes. Sword has really spoilt us here. Two of the finishes are in olive green over light grey, Verde Oliva and Grigio Mimetico. References are to Mr Color though FS numbers are also given. Beyond these two rather bland finishes there is a RLM 75 over RLM 76 mottled finish with RLM 74 and 75 splinter pattern flying surfaces. In addition there are another two variants of RLM 76, 75 and 74. However, I was taken by two Italian style finishes. One was a G.55 Series 1 of 2 Gruppo 1a Squadriglia from Casino Vaga in May 1944. This featured a complicated three tone splinter scheme in Giallo Mimetico, Verde Mimetico and Marrone Mimetico over Grigio Mimetico. Replicating that finish in 1/72 is a test of masking skills, so in true kit basher style, I went for the final option. This is a Giallo Mimetico and Verde Oliva Scuro over Grigio Mimetico scheme, and represents a G.55 of 1 Gruppo 3 Squadriglia in July 1944. I used paints from Lifecolor’s excellent Regia Aeronautica sets, which dry quickly with a nice satin finish. The decals are pretty comprehensive, with minimal stencilling, which matches photographs from the period. Air War Italy, 1944-45 by Nick Beale, Ferdinando D’Amico and Gabriele Valentini (Airlife Publishing, 1996) is an invaluable resource for the ANR and the campaign. However there are also two small decal sheets marked addenda. These are mostly of the ANR’s square fasces emblem, which was handed on both upper and lower surfaces of the wings. I’m still not entirely certain I’ve got them the correct way around. On the plus side, the decals handled well, with no tendency to split or curl, and settled nicely with water and decal softener.

Conclusion Overall this package from Sword is pretty good. It has two kits in the box, with seven finishes to choose from, and is of a notable fighter of the late war period. There is scope for detailing and, one would think, for aftermarket decal manufacturers to provide some of the postwar options for the fighter, as it saw service with Argentina, Egypt and Syria. The limitations are the usual that one expects from a short run kit, but nothing too awful. Nice one.

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Airfield Utility Lanz 30HP Bulldog By Huw Morgan

Kit No: HLP72018 Scale: 1/72 Type: Resin Manufacturer: Hauler Hannants/UMM-USA


einrich Lanz AG was a German engine manufacturer established in the early twentieth century to build steam engines, but whose most notable product was the 30hp Bulldog tractor, built from 1921 with over 250,000 units produced in Germany and under license. The Lanz name disappeared from tractor circles in the early 1960s after the company was acquired by John Deere. The name Bulldog is widely used in Germany as a synonym for tractors even today, especially in Bavaria.

Hauler's kit of the Bulldog is beautifully cast in resin across twenty two parts, and has an associated photo etched fret of details and a small decal sheet. Two marking options are suggested, a civilian version in green with red wheels and a Wehrmacht version in overall grey. Given the likely widespread use of the vehicle, these schemes would appear to be for guidance only, since it's certain that there would have been significant variety. Construction is straightforward, all the resin parts being easy to separate from their pour blocks after being washed in warm water to remove any casting release agent. The engine/transmission has the rear axles, the driver's floor and the engine cover added, and the two main photo etched parts, representing the inner

The Bulldog used a single cylinder, two stroke hot bulb engine of 6.3 litres capacity, later 10.3 litres, originally producing around 12hp. The hot bulb or oil engine was a popular design at the time, utilising a red hot chamber in the cylinder head to trigger combustion, rather than complex spark plug arrangements or the challenging engineering of Rudolf Diesel's high compression ratios. Starting the engine involved preheating the hot bulb, often with a blow lamp, but once going the engine would run on virtually anything combustible, including vegetable oils, used engine oil, kerosene or creosote. The Bulldog was inevitably conscripted into the German military at the outbreak of war, and served as a utility tractor and airfield towing vehicle.

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mudguards, can be bent to shape and fixed to the sides of the floor. I actually left off one side to ease painting. The front axle is built up from two resin parts with some photo etch steering linkages and there are etch brackets for the headlights, and also a Notar light if the military version is being modelled. At the rear there's a perforated step, tow bracket, together with pin and chain, and a rear registration plate for the military version. I painted the steering linkages and light brackets with dilute white glue in an attempt to add some bulk. The driving

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CZECH OUT compartment is the most complex area, with several photo etch pedals and levers, some of which I replaced with wire to give more substance, and to all of which I added handles using blobs of PVA glue. The radiators fit neatly to the bonnet, and the etch fan drive belt can be added to the left side, although the instructions fail to mention it. Having decided to model the military version, the entire chassis can be painted with an initial coat of German Panzer Grey, for which I used Tamiya XF-63. I wanted to keep a bit of colour however, so speculated that this vehicle was a requisitioned civil tractor, hence retaining the

civil headlights etc., so kept the wheels painted a dull dark red, using 50:50 XF-7 and X-9 and then hand painting the tyres with Vallejo Model Color Black Grey 70862.

basic dirt, then dry brushed them with lightened Paynes Grey, to lift the detail. The dusty faded effect was enhanced with a variety of tan and grey ground up artist's pastels.

With the initial coat dry, I lightened the XF-63 with XF-23 blue and used it to highlight (lowlight?) the upper surfaces where fading might be expected. The side radiators were picked out with Vallejo Oily Steel 70865 and Citadel Gehenna's Gold. There are three decals to add, the two number plates and the direction of rotation arrow on the right side.

I fitted the wheels incrementally to be sure of getting them to sit flat, first the two rear wheels and a single front, left to dry, then the second front wheel so it sat level with the others.

I gave the entire chassis and wheel hubs a thin wash of Burnt Umber oil paint to lay down some

This is a really nice kit of an interesting subject. The resin casting is exemplary, and Hauler's trademark photo etched brass really raised the level of detail, albeit at the expense of some complexity in the build. Highly recommended.



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A Closer Look at the Airfix Kit By Peter Doyle

Kit No: 02103 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Airfix www.airfix.co.uk


Three intakes, a vent, a beacon and an IFF aerial all need to be added to the upper fuselage of this late service T.4

he Jet Provost started life in 1954 as a jet powered development of the piston engined Percival Provost T1. The manufacturing company, for a long time owned by the Hunting group, changed its name to Hunting Percival Aircraft at about the same time, and then three years later to Hunting Aircraft before it was swallowed up by BAC a further three years on. After small batches of the original, stalky Jet Provost T.1 and then the more familiar looking T.2, about two hundred T.3s, similar to the T.2 but with a more powerful Viper engine and improved avionics, were ordered. The yet more powerful T.4 followed of which 185 joined the RAF before finally the pressurised T.5 was ordered of which one hundred and ten were produced. Subsequently most T.4s were retired early because of fatigue issues although a few survived in secondary roles such as use by the Central Air Traffic Control School (CATCS) and Joint Forward Air Control Unit of 1 TWU at Brawdy. TheT.3s however soldiered on alongside the T.5s, which had taken over many duties that had been intended for the T.4s. In the 1970s seventy T.3s were converted to T.3As with improved avionics and became the core Jet Provost fleet alongside the T.5As. The Jet Provost served until 1992/93 when 6 FTS lost its aircraft, by which time all other surviving units had finally converted to Tucanos. As a fairly accurate summary for identification purposes, T.3s and T.3As had serials in the XM and XN ranges, T.4s were XN (two aircraft only), XP, XR and XS, whilst production T.5s, T.5As and T.5Bs were all XW.

Jet Provost T.3 Kits in 1/72

The wingtip navigation lights show black inner half and red or green coloured outer half behind transparent cover

The Jet Provost T.3 in 1/72 was initially kitted by Airfix in 1959. Since then it seems to have been available, repackaged from time to time, until very recently. The kit, originally available in Airfix’s early transparent plastic bag packaging with paper header, was typical of its era with fairly crude detail and raised panel lines. All new Airfix kits appeared first in Woolworths in those

Top of ejector seat showing drogue chute packed into top of ejector seat head box

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days, priced at two shillings (10p) which is where my first JP3 would have come from. An interesting little fact that seems to have been lost in the mists of time is that the original Airfix JP3 featured the triangular, LERX like, wing fillets, of the very early Jet Provosts. Presumably this will have been something that many modellers will have removed after the early 1960s, which was when the RAF did the same on those aircraft in its fleet configured this way.

The New Airfix Jet Provost T.3 Since then the Jet Provost has become well overdue for a new injection moulded tooling and once again Airfix is the manufacturer of the new kit. The kit has typical Airfix panel lines, which are nicely engraved but just not quite up to the current standards from the Far East or Eastern Europe. The kit is quite simple but nevertheless accurate apart from one significant flaw of which more later. The cockpit is good and contains two nicely detailed four part Martin Baker Mk 4 ejection seats that fit into the usual cockpit tub, which has in addition a central console, instrument panel with decal and control columns, whilst the canopy can be either open or closed by way of alternative components. There is a separate rudder but not separate flaps, which is a shame as parked aircraft almost always had lowered flaps as a result of the slow loss of hydraulic pressure once the engine had shut down. Excellent decals are included for a red, white and grey T.3A, XM461, of 1 FTS RAF Linton-onOuse in 1984 and for a grey T.3 with Day-Glo strips, XM413, of 2 FTS RAF Syerston in 1967. The instructions mention RAF Gaydon but that was where the well-known reference photo on which the kit markings were based was taken at a 1967 open day. From this modeller’s point of view it was felt to be something of a shame that the scheme used was the extremely short lived and little used Day-Glo strips on grey rather than the preceding, much more attractive and more

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JET PROVOST widely used Day-Glo strips on silver scheme. The kit appears to be based on the T.3A but minor modifications will turn it into a T.3 or a T.4. All require the addition of small intakes, either side on top of the fuselage in the rear of the engine access panels. On the T.4s these were large and noticeable but T.3s and T.3As had shallower and less noticeable versions of the same thing. They are not included in the kit at all nor are other small intakes, vents and aerials that are missing. The pitot mounting on the T.4 was longer and more prominent than on the T.3 and some reports suggest that the T.4, along with the T.5, had slightly different elevators, albeit seemingly not detectable in photos. The subsequent text addresses construction of T.3s, T.3As and T.4s

Cockpit The kit supplied Martin Baker Mk 4 seats were first assembled. The upper part of the kit’s seat backrest is curious, looking almost as though a lifejacket had been hung from the top of the seat. I filled in most of the gap down the middle of the lifejacket and cut off the little protrusions at the bottom. There are plenty of images on the Internet to clarify what a JP’s Mk 4 seat should actually look like. Frames were black, cushions, parachutes and some harnesses were various shades of buff and tan, main parachute harnesses were often white and seat belts were blue. Single loop black and yellow striped overhead ejection handles were standard. Because they were rarely photographed from the top what is often missed by modellers when depicting early MB seats, such as the Mk 4, is the fact that the top of the head box is not covered in black metal but has the drogue chute stuffed into the otherwise empty cavity and the offwhite or tan drogue parachute material is very visible. Next the cockpit and instrument panel were

painted almost entirely in black with a few little items highlighted in red and yellow. Unfortunately the instrument panel decal is designed to be placed on a grey background, which is incorrect for JP3s and JP4s. In fact T.4 cockpits remained black until the end although it does seem that T.3As, after update from T.3, subsequently featured a medium grey instrument panel as well as other grey panels and consoles. Once the assembly was complete the finished seats were then fitted into the cockpit tub.

Fuselage The completed cockpit assembly was next fixed into the port fuselage half. Plenty of nose weight was required and I filled the area forward of the instrument panel with a mix of lead shot embedded in Blu-Tack and later added more behind the rear bulkhead and below the cockpit floor. I fitted the tailplane next and the rear pen nib fairing into which a jet pipe made from a plastic drinking straw had been inserted, reaching to just a millimetre or so before the end of the fairing. The glazing came next, comprising three parts. What is missing from this and seemingly from all T.3/T.3A/T.4 kits is the short perspex glazing extension behind the rear canopy frame. This was certainly seen later in the JP’s career and when the canopy was closed it partly covered the fixed glazing at the rear of the cockpit. It’s quite obvious once it is spotted on photos but I shied away from attempting to replicate it. The windscreen and fixed rear cockpit glazing were straightforward and I was able carefully to Glue ’n’ Glaze them in place. Two sliding canopy options were available, one wide enough to fit over the rear fuselage was intended to represent an open canopy whilst the other was designed to sit neatly between the windscreen and the rear glazing to represent a closed canopy. As is my

Portion of rear fuselage of a T.4 behind the canopy showing the intakes, vents and aerials, most of which must be added to the Airfix kit. The handholds built into the rear and the sides of the engine cover should also be noted as should the absence on this machine of the IFF aerial

usual preference I chose the latter option. The well reported problem with both canopies however is that they feature an external central frame, front to back, which doesn’t exist in reality. Instead there should be a black, curved bracing strut in the same position but inside the canopy. There really is no alternative but to remove the external frame line and polish the canopy back to an overall smooth, shiny finish, a job that will be hated by all. My own approach was to use a sharp, number ten curved scalpel blade to scrape the central frame away and to cut into the ends where they joined the forward and rear frames. Having scraped it as smooth as possible so that it was level with the rest of the glazing I then embarked on the rubbing down. I used micromesh grades in the sequence 2,400, 4,000, 6,000, 8,000 and 12,000, rubbing first in one direction with the coarsest grade, and then at ninety degrees to that with the next grade and so on. Circular motion should not be used. Fear not, it’s not as difficult as it might seem and with some care the whole process took me no more than fifteen minutes before I

finished off by dipping the canopy in Klear. An internal frame member was made from strip plastic and was painted black and then fixed in position between the centres of the front and rear frames albeit without touching the actual canopy glazing itself. Apart from representing reality this has the advantage that a piece of silver foil can be slipped underneath it to aid painting.

Wings Parked JPs frequently had their flaps drooping by amounts of up to about thirty degrees or more, presumably as the result of the slow loss of hydraulic pressure. Flaps on the JP are lowered on a hinge mechanism, which makes cutting the flaps from the wings in order to then fit them back in the lowered position difficult as the hinges and their tapered fairings must be scratch built. On this occasion I had cunningly found photographic references to an aircraft that was parked with the flaps in the raised position. I was thus able to build my own model with a clear conscience without having to subject myself to the

Jet Provost T.4, XP547/03, seen in July 1987, finished in the Medium Sea Grey upper surface over Barley/Camouflage Grey undersides scheme used by the JFACU unit of 1TWU RAF Brawdy. Note the very rare appearance on a parked aircraft of raised flaps



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J E T P R O V O S T E M B R A E R E 190 Warpaint 82 offers a comprehensive look at the Jet Provost in all its variants

trauma of cutting the flaps off and refitting them hanging from fragile scratch built parts. A pair of lowered flaps would seem to be a very obvious conversion for the aftermarket to come up with. The navigation lights fitted at the front of the wingtip fuel tanks invariably look to be shiny and black in photos. A close examination shows that inside the transparent covers the inboard portions do, indeed, have a black shield to prevent the crew being distracted by the lights whilst the outboard portion displays a very dark red or green colour inside the cover. It might be tempting to paint the tips of the tanks bright red and green but that would not look at all realistic. I thus used gloss black on the tips of the tanks with a hint of red and green mixed in to the port and starboard outboard outer halves respectively. Some aircraft featured a silver attachment band circumferentially between the light unit and the remainder of the tank. The wings were now attached and although fit on the undersides wasn’t perfect it was not impossible to deal with. The engine intakes were then tackled and these accurately portrayed the boundary air bleed slots and the spacers that separate the inner walls of the intakes from the fuselage sides. Don’t try to fit the intakes before the wings as the wing assembly can’t then be slotted into place!

Final Details and Painting The undercarriage came next. The main undercarriage legs are simple but sturdy and accurate looking, although they combine the legs and the undercarriage doors into one unit to which only the wheels must be attached. The nose gear is equally simple, although significantly less sturdy, and fits into that part of the nose wheel bay that remains when the main nose wheel doors are closed, there being no option to display the doors open. A nice touch is that the wheels have flats moulded into them, albeit just a shade overdone. The two UHF aerials were also fitted at this point. After an initial coat of grey, further external detail missing from the kit was also added. First was a 1970s addition to the JP, a rotating red beacon. This was made from a small piece of rod that was fitted on the upper fuselage, offset to port more or less alongside the UHF aerial. Another beacon below the nose, behind the nose wheel was also fitted. The two prominent intakes in the rear of the engine access panels of this T.4, as well as a smaller intake on the starboard fuselage side below the rear of the canopy were stolen from a redundant Airfix Strikemaster and glued in place. These could easily have been scratch built and would have to be for the shallow intakes on a T.3/T.3A. A vent behind the cockpit and an IFF aerial followed. At this point painting was completed before making and fitting the remaining aerials.

Aerials For those to whom such things matter, the aerial fit on JP3s, JP3As and JP4s is potentially a source of error. Because it’s such a small aircraft the aerials are much more noticeable and their presence can add considerably to the character and realism of a finished model. Ultimately, which aerials are appropriate to a particular airframe on a particular date may well be best judged by referring to photographs as variations may be considerable, depending upon the exact aircraft mark and the date. Some research has unearthed the following possibilities to be aware of. The kit correctly provides two UHF aerials one each above and below the fuselage, both slightly offset from the centreline. Airfix would have you put aerial part A13, with the attached mounting block, on top of the fuselage and A12 on the underside. Once seen, however, it is clear that these positions should actually be reversed. These aerials were normally cream in colour. Be aware that the UHF aerials supplied with the kit represent the later style, which in the 1970s replaced earlier style UHF aerials. The earlier ones were perhaps just slightly shorter and were narrower, rectangular in shape and were silver with a black tape band around the centre. XM413, as evidenced from photos of it at Gaydon in 1967, was fitted with the earlier style aerial, which will need to be scratch built or modified from the kit aerial. Also missing from the kit are any other aerials at all such as the small triangular IFF aerials above and below the fuselage and the long, angled VOR aerials that were often, but not always, seen on either side of the upper fin. Missing too is the relatively small, flat rounded duck’s bill DME aerial, which was a feature of T.3As, and was fitted pointing forward on the aircraft nose. In addition T.3s and T.4s featured yellow painted pairs of Rebecca 8 dipole aerials below both outer wing surfaces. These noticeable, 14 inch by 1.25 inch, aerials may well be more familiar from their use on some Meteors and Vampire T11s where their fitting on the upper wing surfaces made them rather more obvious. The kit features two small engraved circles on the underside of each wing, mid chord and just inboard of the drop tanks. These are a pretty well exactly where the Rebecca aerials would be and that is what I used for locating them. At the same time there were also two long aerials, similar in size and appearance to the Rebecca aerials, one positioned vertically below the forward fuselage and one, angled slightly inwards, below the port intake. They all disappeared from T.3s when they were converted to T.3As and the nose mounted DME aerial mentioned earlier appeared instead. T.4s retained Rebecca aerials to the end however, and never had the nose mounted DME aerial. Others that I haven’t been able to identify included the long, angled white aerial very occasionally seen lower on the starboard fuselage side between the nose wheel and the cockpit and there are probably other, smaller

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aerials too, which I haven’t spotted. Finally there was the inevitable yellow VHF whip aerial, which was seemingly fitted to most T.3s, T.3As and T.4s, low on the port side of the nose, above the nose wheel.

Finishing Originally a few Jet Provosts T.3s were delivered in aluminium paint with yellow fuselage and wing bands. The yellow was quickly replaced by Day-Glo areas on the nose, rear fuselage and wings. That in turn was replaced by the harder wearing Day-Glo paper strips. For an extremely short period the silver was replaced by Light Aircraft Grey on some aircraft before the whole fleet was refinished into the well known Signal Red (not Roundel Red), Light Aircraft Grey and white scheme. Aircraft from the Joint Forward Air Control Unit at Brawdy were painted in tactical schemes, first Dark Green, Dark Sea Grey with Light Aircraft Grey undersides and then with Medium Sea Grey with Camouflage Grey (Barley Grey) undersides. The red/white/grey scheme looks simple enough but painting it can be quite challenging, particularly the masking of the white/red join on the fuselage, which is difficult to get right. Fuselage roundels were invariably outlined in white against the red. Ejection seat warning triangles varied a little, forwards and backwards, with the reflective material which was sometimes used as a background for the red triangles appearing more like a very light beige/grey than white. My own preference was between a silver aircraft with Day-Glo strips and a Brawdy based JFACU aircraft. I chose the latter in the form of T.4, XP547/03, wearing Medium Sea Grey upper surfaces and Camouflage Grey undersides. By choosing this aircraft I neatly avoided the need for the DME aerial, the fin mounted VOR aerials and drooped flaps as my own photo showed the aircraft parked with flaps raised. I was however committed to the two yellow Rebecca 8 aerials below each outer wing. Decals came from various sources including the kit and Xtradecal set X72250. This latter should have been ideal but included oversized wing roundels and omitted the unique white stencilling needed and ultimately a good deal of initiative was required to resolve these problems.

Summary One of the reasons that I like modern Airfix kits is that many now seem to be based on high tech, accurate, LIDAR scanning of original subjects and simply look right as a result. The old idiom of being sparing with secondary sources of information and doing your research is very much justified by their approach. All Airfix really needs to do now is just a little more work on the panel line presentation.

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Fisher P-75A Eagle By Steve Muth Peregrine Publishing


he Fisher P-75 was originally intended to fulfil a 1942 need for a fast climbing, heavily armed interceptor with a top speed of 440mph at 20,000ft and an initial 5,600ft/min rate of climb. To speed design, construction and testing it was to utilize proven parts from other fighter designs, including P-51 outer wing panels, SBD tail assemblies and F4U landing gear. The power plant was to be the new twenty four cylinder, 2,800hp Allison V3420-19, essentially two V1710 engines. This was to drive two coaxial contra rotating propellers connected by two drive shafts running under the cockpit from the amidships engine. On 10th October 1942 the United States Air Force ordered two XP-75s but in mid 1943 changed the P-75’s mission from interceptor to long-range escort resulting in significant redesign and the ordering of a total of six new design XP-75s plus 2,500 production P-75As. The new design had a straight through wing instead

P-75A starboard rear portrait

of the inverted gull configuration and used P-40 outer wing panels instead of P-51 parts. The first flight of the initial design XP-75 occurred a little over a year later on 17th November 1943. Flight tests soon revealed unsatisfactory performance as the engine acted up, stability was poor, performance was low and there was a centre of gravity problem. The new design XP-75s still showed unsatisfactory performance and after three crashes the

P-75A cockpit port forward with instrument panel. As you can see the different parts have faded differently, from hardly faded on the sheet metal bulkhead to almost blue on the rudder pedals. The instrument panel is still dull black but the yellow surround to the instrument group has faded considerably

Cockpit port and down showing the floor and left console. The trim wheel appears to be dull black Bakelite

program was terminated on 11th August 1944 after eight XP-75s and six P-75As had been completed. Of the six, five were used for flight tests and one kept for spares. The P-75A was virtually an all new design with an up rated V-3420-23 with 2,600hp. It had a new fin and a bubble canopy. They were manufactured at the General Motors Fisher body plant in Cleveland, Ohio, which was converted into an aviation plant to assist the war effort.

Cockpit port forward with instrument panel. The fabric boots on the control rods and column are a faded khaki

Cockpit starboard aft. Clearly there was a difference in colour between the seat and the surrounding sheet metal



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Port main landing gear rear. The landing gear cover interior may have been green zinc chromate Cockpit instrument panel. There are lots of different colours or shades of interior green. The rudder pedals appear the same as the seat

Port main landing gear wheel well appears to be a dark gray with fabric sides

Tail wheel port side. The fork, well covers and well interior were painted yellow zinc chromate

The P-75 has been kitted in 1/72 by Czech manufacturer Valom

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Port main landing gear well. Note that some of the strips in the strut area are olive green

The XP-75 was a very different looking machine to the P-75A. The test programme brought up numerous teething problems, including miscalculation of the fighter’s centre of mass, failure of the engine to produce its expected power, inadequate engine cooling, high aileron forces at high speed and poor spin characteristics

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The last production P-75A, now in the USAF Museum in Dayton, Ohio. For many years this aircraft was on display in the museum's Experimental Aircraft Gallery. Extensive deterioration of the airframe was discovered by the staff in 1999, which forced the museum to undertake a full restoration

Fisher XP-75A, 44-44553. Redesigns were introduced into the long-range XP-75s including a modified tail assembly, new bubble canopy and a V3420-23 engine that corrected most of the deficiencies by the time the first P-75A Eagles entered flight testing in September 1944. By this time however, the Army Air Forces decided to limit the number of combat aircraft types in production and not enter into large scale production of new types that might not be available before the war ended


By the time the programme was terminated the first and second P-75A had been delivered to Elgin Field, Florida for tactical suitability trials, the third machine was in the shop being fitted with an experimental intercooler, and the fourth and fifth machines were almost complete

The plane is P-75A-1-GC, S/N 4444553, C/N 5, the fifth production example of six built. It was photographed at various times between 1980 and 1994. It was all natural metal with regulation stars and bars in the usual positions, each side of the fuselage and upper left and lower right wing surfaces. The serial number was in black on each side of the fin/rudder and the antiglare panel was black, going from the nose and tapering to two points adjacent to the leading edge of the fin. There were two black

stripes on either side of the walkway on the wings adjacent to the fuselage. They appear to be about one inch wide. There were also one inch wide black stripes around the ailerons. These were not in evidence when the author photographed the aircraft. Colours of the cockpit, landing gear and landing gear wells are described in the captions but are basically an interior green in the cockpit and yellow zinc chromate in the wells with the round wheel cut out part of the wells a darkish gray.



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Bullseye Aggressor By Rick Greenwood

The wings were added first to the upper fuselage section to aid their fit

Kit No: 06103 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Hasegawa Hobbico/Amerang


Once secured the lower parts must be added now because of the locating tabs

The main gear bay offers basic detail

The completed intake and vertical tail were pre-assembled

The intake section slotted in with only minor remedial work needed

ew in from Bullseye Model Aviation Decals is their sheet 48003 presenting some rather attractive F-16s sporting pseudo Russian camouflage and markings. There have been plenty of aggressor markings on offer from the aftermarket decal industry over the years and this new sheet reminds me of the excellent Afterburner Sheets. Featuring some similar aircraft, and other more up to date examples, this sheet offers the same exceptional value. Markings are provided for a number of aircraft all from the 64 Aggressors and the 414 CTS based at Nellis Air Force base Nevada. The sheet is printed in Italy by Cartograf so print quality can be assured. Full and very compressive stencil data is incorporated in a number of formats depending on the jet modelled. The best 1/48 F-16 C undeniably has to be the Tamiya family of kits, but wanting to replicate a range of airframes is going to be become quite pricey. Having built a few of the Hasegawa kits in the past the choice was made to exploit the remaining stash of kits and relive one of them from its role as loft insulation. It's hard to believe that the Hasegawa kits of the F-16 have been with us for nearly thirty five years. First released in 1983 the F-16A, was the basis of the C version that followed with the required updated parts added in 1987! A major step forward with the Hasegawa kit was the release of the F-16 Block 50 in the year 2000. This kit included the small and large mouth jet intakes introduced during the block 30s along with both types of engines, amongst other items. This choice of kit would allow the modeller to build almost any block 30, 32, 40, 42, 50 or 52 airframe with the exception of some airframes that feature the extended para break housing in the base of the tail as this is not included. Hasegawa keep releasing these kits, with many an update to include special markings or the newer block numbers still entering service, and they offer a viable alternative choice for versions not covered as yet by Tamiya. From the onset the new splinter paint scheme was going to be the subject matter for this build and depict F-16 C Block 25 85-1418 circa 2016. This was going to need an early C version as the airframe is stated as being in the Block 25 range of jets. These were a step up from the A model and introduced some airframe changes, the most notable of which was the spine of the

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vertical tail. This requires a more straight forward approach to the often confusing F-16 block numbers as most of the important changes relating to items such as engines, small or large mouth jet intake and light weight or heavy duty landing gear modifications don't need to be considered. After spending a few hours rummaging through the stash, a F-16C that was suitable for depicting airframe 85418 was found. No longer boxed but still sealed in its plastic bag Hasegawa kit number 06103 or V3 was brought out of deep storage. Opening the plastic bag and taking a look at the parts, they have generally stood the test of time quite well. Featuring crisp engraved panel line and some rivet detail this must have caused a great deal of excitement back in 1983, while some manufacturers were still producing raised details on their products. There was no release date on the kit as only the plastic had been retained but there were some signs that the tool was wearing, with a fair amount of flash on some of the undercarriage items and damage to the starboard side of the intake that will require careful sanding to eliminate. Reacquainting myself with a kit I last built in 2010, a copy of the instruction booklet was obtained from the Internet and the build commenced. The first part of the build was to attach the wings to the upper fuselage section to obtain a good fit. The wing tip launch rails were cut off as these would need to be replaced with the items from the newer block 50 kit. Using a sewing needle held in a pin vice the plastic was repeatedly scribed until a clean break was achieved. The updated launch rails were then salvaged from the F-16 spares box accumulated over the last twenty years. Other items were also required such as the wing leading edge Beer Can radar warning receivers. A good fit can easily be achieved at the wing root with a little light sanding to the upper surface of the fuselage to ensure the seam is almost indistinguishable from the surrounding panel lines. Once happy with the results a light application of grey primer was used locally to ensure the joint was acceptable. Once everything had dried fully the under surface wing sections were added after carefully removing some ejector pin marks on the mating surfaces to ensure a snug fit. One of the changes implemented by Hasegawa was the inclusion of the C type gun vents. This meant a slight retool of the fuselage was required as the early released kits of the A had this part moulded in. The fit is okay but not excellent and some slight remedial work with Mr Surfacer was required to eliminate an insignificant gap. As with the wing sections a light misting with grey primer confirmed

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AG G R E S S O R everything was good before moving on. With the upper surface placed to one side the focus of the build was with the underneath. The main landing gear bay is passably detailed bearing in mind the time period of the kit. It’s essential here that the modeller pays attention to the alignment of all the bulkheads and internal framework or the result will be an F-16 with a list to one side. Once sure of the precise location of the internals they were secured in place using Tamiya Extra thin cement. With any kit that features an under slung intake as found on the F-16, A-7 or F-8 there is going to be an issue with joints inside the intake trunking. The internal sections of the intake were first painted gloss white, which included the back wall of the main gear bay as the rear of the intake is blanked off. With the damage to the starboard side of the intake repaired, the parts were then assembled around the nose gear bay/ intake duct. Taking the time to dry fit and sand a little here and there resulted in acceptable results without breaking out any filler. The final outer lip of the intake was then mated to the front of the intake. The fit here was challenging and careful application of filler, sanding and rescribing the lost detail all took time. Once dry the now completed jet intake was shoe horned into place on the lower fuselage section, with a reasonable fit obtained. Once the Tamiya Extra Thin cement had dried a quick session with a sanding sponge blended the intake parts with the surrounding plastic to disguise the joint line. A little more rescribing of lost panel detail was all that was required to complete this section. The cockpit tub is a simple affair, featuring raised switch gear and instrument detail. This was painted with Humbrol 140 and allowed to dry. The instrument sections on the side consoles were then masked off and sprayed satin black along with the main instrument panel. Detail was highlighted by simply dry brushing a lighter shade of grey over the raised areas to make them visible. Individual switches were then painted yellow to add interest. The multi function displays on the instrument panel were treated in the same manner before thinned drops of Tamiya clear green were added to depict the screens. The completed cockpit was then cemented to the underside of the top fuselage section and not as per the kit instructions to the top of the nose gear bay to avoid an unsightly gap at the rear bulkhead. The nose cone has always been a problematic fit on these kits but offering the radome up to the upper fuselage section first eliminates all but a little sanding afterwards. A small amount of ballast was added to the nose at this stage, just in case. The area around the cockpit was then sprayed satin black before the fuselage sections were joined together.

While the fuselage parts were put to one side for the glue to dry, the exhaust nozzle and rear doughnut were tackled next. These are moulded as a one part assembly that slots into the rear end of the airframe. Detail is satisfactory but not up to modern standards. The inside of the burner can was painted using appropriate shades of Alclad. Once completely dry Humbrol smoke pastel was rubbed around the inside of the burner can, and to lighten this effect Tamiya sand yellow was airbrushed carefully around the raised internal details to depict the ceramic material found on the inside of the burner can. The outer portions of the jet exhaust were then painted using Alclad exhaust manifold, while the gaps in between the petals was filled with a dilute mix of Tamiya Rubber black. The brighter metallic area to the rear of the part was then sprayed using Alclad Aluminium. The blue heat effect was added by a light sprayed coat of heavily thinned Tamiya clear blue. A protective coat of Klear floor polish was then applied and allowed to dry before the painted area of the part was masked prior to its insertion into the airframe. With a little care a good quality fit was obtained and the items were secured with a generous application of Tamiya Extra Thin before being allowed plenty of drying time. A sanding sponge was used to ensure a flush fit had been achieved around the circumference of the rear end of the fuselage. Once the area had been successfully sanded and polished back to a shine to avoid any small scratches being left behind, the panel line was rescribed using a scribing tool. The pre-assembled vertical tail was now simply slotted into place and a bead of Tamiya cement was applied to ensure a good fit. A small amount of Mr Surfacer was then used to hide a small crack running down the port side. With the key aspects of construction now complete the cockpit was masked using the spare clear canopy parts supplied in the kit. These were glued together with a small amount of Gator Grip acrylic glue so they could be removed later. A quick coat of Alclad grey filler primer was then applied to the whole model to ensure no flaws were present. With a little more corrective work carried out on the wing roots the painting procedure could begin. Surface preparation is paramount in achieving a good even paint finish and the first task to be conducted was preparation of the primed surface. This was easily achieved with 12,000 grade micro mesh, used wet in warm water with a little washing up liquid used as a lubricant. This polished the surface of the primer removing any rough sections and leaving an ideal canvas for the top colours to be applied. Studying the paint guide there seemed no easy way to mask the seemingly complicated

The nose was added to the upper fuselage section to obtain good fit

The jet exhaust was quite simple but offers reasonable detail

The tail assembly was slotted into the fuselage to complete the major construction phase

Primed and polished ready for paint

A quick test to make sure the MRP paint and the templates looked right

The under surface was painted first in stages



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Plenty of masking to do this scheme, in fact a full roll of Tamiya tape!

Each shape and colour was slowly added to finish the pattern

The bottom was now ready

Now for the top and to make things a little tricky all the colours had to line up with each other top and bottom

Bullseye decals were used

The sheet is impressive to say the least

splinter pattern that covers the whole airframe. My usual method of enlarging the painting chart to match the scale of the model was unquestionably required this time as it helped place the shapes in the correct orientation on the airframe. A test run was carried out using the stabilators to find the best way of laying the colours down. MRP 39 FS36270 was sprayed over the whole area first at low air pressure and allowed to dry fully. Using the templates cut from the instructions each of the light grey and blue sections were outlined with faint pencil lines. As the light grey covers the blue and vice versa on the airframe it was a good test of the lighter MRP shade's opacity covering the darker blue. The pencil lines were used as a guide for the Tamiya masking tape and the MRP 238 FS35109 was then laid down again with low air pressure. The short drying time of the lacquer based paint meant that after a quick clean of the airbrush the process was repeated with the MRP 246 FS36628. The underside pattern is a mirror image of the top so the same templates were reversed and the process repeated to complete the trial. The MRP colours were a good match when compared to the reference photos I was using. The undersides were the first to have the splinter scheme added. This involved painting the complete airframe in FS36270 as a base coat and first colour to go down. The MRP paint was used straight from the bottle and applied using an airbrush. These paints dry in a matter of minutes being a lacquer based product. This allowed the masking of the individual patterns using Tamiya tape to begin as soon as the airbrush had been cleaned. The blue sections were then masked and painted in the same manner as before, the lighter grey shapes then concluded the work. To make things a little more interesting the scheme is repeated on the top so correct alignment of the demarcation lines was essential to ensure they all lined up. After what seemed like an eternity of masking and painting cycles carried out over a number of sessions for each colour and pattern, the task was ultimately completed with only a small section not lining up at the first attempt. Looking at the finished result though the care and persistence was rewarded with a stunning end result. The model was allowed to stand for a couple of days to allow the paint to cure and harden fully. The finish was then sanded with the green Flory Models weathering/sanding stick to remove any blemishes in the top layer of paint. The surface was then polished to a high sheen with the white side of the same sanding stick before applying a coat of Klear floor polish as a barrier coat to protect the paintwork. Humbrol 125 was then used to make up a thin wash by mixing it with white spirit before it was liberally applied to the complete model then allowed to dry. The surplus was removed with a piece of kitchen towel slightly moistened with white sprit. This exposed a nice panel line wash that was not too stark over the lighter areas but just dark enough when applied over the blue. The splinter pattern is a relatively new addition to the aggressor range of colour schemes and so weathering was going to be kept to a minimum to reflect the clean looking airframe. There were a few pictures on the Internet of this jet carrying different

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combinations of equipment under the wings. Two drop tanks were assembled and these really do show the age of the tooling, with very basic details found on both the tanks and weapons pylons. The tanks had been assembled earlier during construction while waiting for other parts of the build to dry. To add visual interest these tanks were to be weathered up in contrast to the clean airframe. Electing to try the Black Basing method of painting, the tanks were given a coat of Gunze Tire black to kick things off. Differing shades of grey were then airbrushed over the black to create the marbling effect that shows through the final top coat. Using MRP FS36270, the paint in the airbrush colour cup was thinned even more with some Gunze self levelling thinners. This was then applied to the drop tanks, as the blending coat, in thin layers built up over time until the previous marbling effects were toned down to a suitable level. Some further detail was added with Tamiya Smoke along some of the features before the kit stencil data decals were added. Once these had dried a further few light blending coats toned the decals down to remain in keeping with the overall weathered effect of the drop tanks. Some detail painting was then carried out to the airframe with the leading edges of the wings, tail, stabs and intake lip requiring masking prior to being painted FS36521 The remaining pylons were painted, along with the electronic pods for the centre line hard point and under wing pylon. The AN/ALQ-188 pod came from Hasegawa weapons set E while the ELTA 8212 pod came from one of Meng Models new range of weaponry sets. The ACMI pod and the Captive AIM-9 were sourced from the spares box as time got the better of me as the deadline loomed. Whilst at the spray booth the undercarriage bay doors were painted in the corresponding fuselage colours while their inner surfaces were painted Tamiya Gloss White. Again detail here is in keeping with the kit’s era and falls a little short by today's standards. This project was all about the decal sheet and the aircraft they allow the modeller to replicate an amazing eighteen subjects. Precise information about the different airframe requirements are also catered for along with some informative text regarding the different stores that are carried, whilst conducting the aggressor role. The A4 sized sheet is crammed full of markings allowing the modeller to depict around eight of the subjects A methodical approach was employed during decal application to avoid missing anything. This phased approach also had the benefit of allowing the decals that had just been applied time to dry. No problems were encountered when using Daco Red strong setting solution. A couple of the decals cracked and broke up while being aligned but this could have been down to insufficient lubrication on the very polished surface of the model. With the decals now applied a very thin mist coat of Klear was added by airbrush over the top of the decals to seal and blend the small amount of carrier film into the models surface. As the F-16 grows older it has sprouted various bolt on strengthening plates around the fuselage to ease the stress placed on the airframe. These vary in the amount applied and need to be sourced by the modeller for any jet in the block 30-40 range and some export users

3909 F-16 32-35_Scuttlebutt 13/10/2017 09:50 Page 35

AG G R E S S O R F-16 As as they underwent a mid life update (MLU). A few aftermarket companies have attempted to depict these in a number of different media ranges from simple vinyl cut shapes to etched metal with rivet detail. Probably the easiest to obtain are the Eduard offerings in their etched F-16 sets. Tamiya also provide the modeller with these items in their F-16 detail set. The Cross Delta set was used for this build and the decal instructions confirmed the placement of four of the plates on this airframe, two at the front edge of the vertical tail and two at the wing root. The backing paper was removed from each item in turn and then once absolutely sure of the correct location it was placed on the model, using the parts’ own adhesive to hold them securely in place. The clear carrier film was then carefully lifted to avoid pulling the parts of the model. They were then carefully painted to match the colours in the areas they occupied. While the airbrush was out some Tamiya masking tape was detacked by repeatedly sticking and resticking to the back of a hand. Once it had lost most of its adhesive properties the in-flight refuelling (IFR) door and jet fuel starter doors were masked and painted MRP Steel, removing the masking tape very carefully afterwards so as to not lift any of the decals with it. The decal for the IFR door doesn't correctly fit the outline on the Hasegawa kit and it is noted in the instructions that these decals are sized for the Tamiya F-16. With the decalling now completed it was time to add the smaller and more delicate items to the model. The undercarriage mechanism having already been painted was secured to the model with Tamiya Extra Thin and left to dry. Everything fitted as it should and a little dark coloured wash was added around some of the structural details to break up the solid white colour of the components. All the under wing stores and pods were then added in their respective locations and secured with small amounts of super glue. Once the model was resting on its landing gear the replacement metal pitot tube was added to the tip of the radome and secured with another little drop of superglue. A used ejection

seat was rescued from the spares box due to time constraints and temporally fixed into the cockpit recess with a small blob of Blu-Tack to be replaced after taking the final photos. The canopy was left until the end, as it requires a little work before adding to the model. Depending on the kit you're working with Hasegawa provide both a smoked and a clear canopy. The first task was to remove the centre mould line that runs down each clear part. This was quickly carried out with the help of a finger nail polishing sponge and a final dip in Klear to restore the shine. The smoked front section was then masked and painted to match the demarcation lines around the nose of the aircraft before having the crew name decals added and a satin varnish coat to match the finish on the waiting model. The clear rear section was a little easier as it's a single colour in that area of the fuselage. Once completed it was then secured in place with a little Gator Grip acrylic model glue. The heads up display was then placed on top of the instrument binnacle, the navigation lamps added to each side of the intake and the canopy secured in the open position to conclude the build.

The markings were added following a set sequence so as not to miss any or handle previously applied decals until dry

Black basing was used for the under wing drop tanks

Some time as modellers we get caught in the hype of the latest releases and work on the premises that new may be better than old. The Hasegawa kit is an easy kit to build without the complex detail found in the Tamiya offering that undoubtedly adds time to the venture If you want to complete a themed build of a certain aircraft type such as the Aggressors on the decal sheet used, then the model in some ways just becomes a medium in which to display the markings.

The marble coat on the tanks was built up using different shades of grey

In this case raiding the stash or looking under tables for kit on sale at model shows may turn up a cheaper substitute that in its day was also regarded as state of the art. I have a number of these older Hasegawa F-16s sat in the loft and have every intention of building at least two other Aggressors in the Flogger and Arctic schemes. Until next time...

The final blending coat was applied very thinly to let the patches and random patterns show through before some weathering was added to contrast the clean airframe

Cross Delta fuselage strengthening plates needed to be applied to this airframe

The plates are self adhesive and simply stick where needed



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M I G I - 320

MiG-320 Interceptor By Ken Duffey

Kit No: 72038 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Modelsvit Hannants/Stevens International Parts for the VK-1 jet pipe

M Completed VK-1 engine, with the flanges removed in error

The intake trunking and cockpit parts prior to painting

aking its first flight on 26th April 1949, the I-320 was designed to fulfil a Soviet Air Force requirement for a twin engined night/all weather fighter with a powerful intercept radar and cannon armament. Mikoyan adopted an unusual layout for the I320, with the two Klimov VK-1 turbojets (copies of the Rolls-Royce Nene) mounted in tandem, both fed from a nose intake but with the forward engine exhausting under the lower centre fuselage and the rear mounted engine exhausting more conventionally via a long tailpipe to the rear. The two crew members sat side by side on ejection seats under a large glasshouse canopy and the air intercept radar, initially Toryii and later, on the third prototype, the much improved Korshun set, was mounted in a small radome

Here’s how the interior parts look painted up and with the addition of the instrument panel decal

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above the nose intake. Armament was provided in the form of two Nudelman N-37 37mm cannons on either side of the nose. Following flight tests with the initial RD-45 powered R1, the second R2 was fitted with the more powerful VK-1 turbojets, a third N-37 cannon on the starboard side and a revised cockpit canopy. After being damaged during flight tests, it was rebuilt as the R3 prototype incorporating a third upper wing fence and a reduction in the wing anhedral from -3.0 degrees to -1.5 degrees. The type never entered production and nor did its two main rivals, the similarly configured Lavochkin La-200 and the single seat Sukhoi Su-15, both of which employed the same engines in the same tandem layout. Designed to the same basic requirement, the contemporary Gloster Meteor NF-12 had a very different layout with tandem crew and engines mounted on the wings making its first flight in 1950. The Soviet Air Force finally got its all weather radar equipped interceptor with the arrival of the Yakovlev Yak-25 in 1952.

in mid grey plastic, the parts feature fine engraved detail and are crisply moulded with no sign of flash although the sprue attachment gates are typically large on what is still a limited run kit. For the first time from Modelsvit the part numbers are moulded next to the components on the sprues, which avoids the builder having to constantly refer to the parts diagrams. Nice one, Modelsvit! Unlike the thicker white vinyl of previous kits, the self-adhesive masks are translucent and provide masks for the complicated canopy framing, the cannon blast plates, wheel hubs and a couple of small aerials on the fin. The decal sheet provides seven red stars (although only six are used) plus decals for the front instrument panel and side consoles. The eight page instruction booklet gives a brief history of the type, paint recommendations keyed to Humbrol colours, sprue diagrams, pages of exploded style build artwork, including painting instructions at every stage, and finally, on the back page, a four view painting, canopy masking and decal placement guide.

Modelsvit’s I-320 The latest kit from the prolific Ukrainian manufacturer Modelsvit is the R3 variant of the MiG I-320 interceptor, packaged in a stout cardboard box with a painting of the aircraft on a runway on the cover. The seven grey plastic sprues are packed inside a large plastic bag with the clear canopy sprue, decals and self-adhesive canopy masks inside a separate, smaller bag. Moulded

The Build The first item in Modelsvit's instruction booklet are the two ejection seats, each one made up from five highly detailed parts. Next is the excellent Klimov VK-1 turbojet, a mini model in its own right constructed from thirteen parts that makes up into a superb representation of the Rolls-Royce Nene derived VK-1. Don't make the same mistake that I made and shave off what I thought was flash on the burner cans of part X7 as they are the flanges that bolt the front and rear cans together. I had to re-instate them using thin plastic rod.

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M I G I - 320

Well detailed ejection seats are provided

Parts provided to make up the jet pipes

The completed VK-1 is fitted between two sides and a top moulding that makes up the inner and outer intake trunking. Also fitted into the rear of the trunking is the side-by-side cockpit made up from a floor, front and rear bulkheads, centre console (complete with throttle levers) and rudder pedals. Decals are included for the centre and side instrument panels. I had a bit of a problem getting all these parts to fit together and to fit inside the fuselage. I found it best to shave off some plastic from the outer walls of the intake trunking and fit the completed engine last of all by removing one of its mounting lugs and squeezing it into place tucked away inside the trunking below the cockpit. The watchword here is constantly to test fit the parts before resorting to gluing, both the fit of parts to each other and the fit of the whole assembly inside the fuselage halves. The completed VK-1 engine could be left out as it cannot be seen on the finished model and with a bit of super detailing would make a nice display on its own. The rear engine is simply represented by a turbine face with a four part central shock cone and the two part jet pipe. Completing the interior components is a five part nose wheel bay, which also forms the central intake splitter plate. After making up

the two part jet pipes for the front and rear engine, it is time to bring all the subassemblies together to fit inside the fuselage halves, and it is a bit of a squeeze. The cockpit/intake trunking is fitted inside the starboard fuselage half, together with the nose wheel bay/intake splitter, followed by the rear engine jet pipe, two pen nib fairings for the engine exhausts, plus the rear decking behind the cockpit. Modelsvit thoughtfully recommend fitting five grams of weight inside the front thimble radome to prevent tail sitting but I took the opportunity to add some rolled up lead sheet in the space above the upper intake trunking just in case. With all the internal parts glued in place, the port fuselage half was offered up revealing a gap between the halves around the front end so a bit of fettling of the front subassembly was needed to eliminate it completely. Once satisfied with the joint, the two fuselage halves were glued together and the long rudder and starboard fin half were glued in place, along with the intake lip, though not, at this stage, the nose radome. Although shown on Modelsvit's construction diagram as being fitted at this stage, I left off the two jet pipes, reasoning that they would be easier to paint and fit in place at the end of the

build. Finishing off the fuselage according to the instructions is the addition of the instrument panel/radar scope, for which a decal is supplied, plus the control columns and the two ejection seats. I fitted the clear canopy at this stage, masking it off with Tamiya tape all over before applying filler along the bottom edge to blend it seamlessly into the fuselage.

The finished and painted VK-1 turbojet, now with the erroneously removed flanges reinstated

Wings and Things The wings are in upper and lower halves but before cementing them together the wheel wells have to be attached, which are made up from four parts with neat internal detail. Holes have to be drilled in the lower wings to take the mounting pins on the slipper fuel tanks, each one constructed from upper and lower halves. The wings are now attached to the fuselage but there is no indication as to their dihedral angle at all. I got it wrong and they ended up with a positive angle, which I didn't notice until they were firmly set, so I had to take the drastic action of sawing through the upper wing root and inserting shims into the resulting gaps to give a negative dihedral (or anhedral), filling and sanding the wing roots to make good my error. In fact, after consulting a few of my references, I discovered that the

The rather nice engine fitted inside the front intake trunking where it cannot be seen on the finished model

Subassemblies tightly squeezed into the starboard fuselage half which from left to right are the intake/cockpit, upper decking to the rear of the cockpit, front engine pen nib fairing, rear engine jet pipe and rear pen nib fairing. The Tamiya tape covers some lead weight

Main wheel well construction



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M I G I - 320

First primer coat to check the fuselage joints

View of the underside. At this point the wings have an incorrect positive dihedral angle, which was later altered to give a negative angle

Slipper tanks and outer wing fences attached

anhedral angle was originally -3.0 degrees on the R1 prototype, subsequently reduced to -1.5 degrees on the R3 when the third upper wing fence was added. This third fence is a provided as a separate part by Modelsvit, which along with the separate slipper tanks hints at the possibility of Modelsvit releasing a kit of the R1. Ignoring the instructions, I also fitted the assembled slipper tanks to the wings at this stage. The thimble radome, with a few pieces of lead shot held in place with Blu-Tack inside, was attached to the nose intake. The addition of the one piece tail planes to the upper fin completes the major assembly.

Painting and Decalling

A look into the well detailed cockpit

After removing the Tamiya tape from the canopy, the individual self-adhesive masks were applied, all ten of them. These masks are a godsend as doing the masking freehand would be an absolute nightmare, given the complex canopy framing. The nose intake ring and thimble radome was painted blue-grey and masked off, as was the fin tip dielectric panel after being painted green. Modelsvit even provide masks for the painted on gun blast panels for the nose cannons as well as a tiny mask for the small green antenna embedded in the fin, which is a nice touch.

Masking the canopy. The masks provided are a big improvement on those supplied with previous kits

With all the relevant masking in place, the whole airframe was given a final coat of silver from a Halfords Aluminium acrylic car spray. It may not suit the purists, but it works for me. I masked off a couple of fuselage panels and the wing tips and polished them to give a bit of contrast before applying the six red

Night Fighter Rivals – Lavochkin La-200 on the left with the MiG I320 on the right

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stars to the fin, fuselage sides and lower wings. A final spray coat of Games Workshop Purity Seal imparts a nice satin finish and seals in the decals after which all the masking was removed ready for the last leg.

Final Construction The main and nose wheels are each in two halves and painting is made easier with the application of Modelsvit's self-adhesive masks to the green painted hubs. The main wheel legs are in one piece, but their mounting pins, both to the wheels and to the wings, are rather small and delicate. They attach, but only just. The nose leg is in two parts, the one piece main leg with half fork and a separate half fork, with the wheel being trapped between the parts. The mounting of the front leg inside the nose wheel bay is also not very positive so all three wheels have weak attachments to the airframe. The addition of three main undercarriage doors per side plus a retracting ram helps to strengthen the main wheel joints. The inner and outer upper main wheel doors each have

minuscule actuating rams provided, as do the two nose doors. The two rear mounted airbrakes can be fitted in the closed or open position with actuating rams being provided for the latter option. The prepainted jet pipes were slid into position into the relevant orifices and a few aerials and antenna added. There is a small protrusion under the lower front fuselage, which I assume is some sort of drain vent? Having deliberately removed it during construction, I replaced it with a short length of tubing inserted into a predrilled hole for a more realistic appearance. The only other things I replaced were the cannon barrels and mine are from Albion Alloys tubing cut to length and inserted into holes drilled into the rear of the gun troughs.

Conclusion This latest kit from Modelsvit is their best yet in terms of precision moulding and surface detail. It represents an obscure but important type that shows the development of Soviet night and all weather interceptors at the start of the Cold War. The inclusion of part numbers on the sprues is a welcome development, and the addition of the self-adhesive mask set really completes the kit. My thanks to Modelsvit for supplying the kit.

References MiG Aircraft by Bill Gunston and Yefim Gordon, Putnam OKB MiG by Piotr Butowski with Jay Miller, Midland Counties

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The Mark of Morane

Morane-Saulnier M.S.406


By Richard Mason

he M.S.406 is one of those machines that leads one to ponder a number of what ifs? What if Anglo-French policy in the 1930s had been more belligerent and less geared towards appeasement? What if the French Air Force, a formidable body of men and machines, had been better deployed and directed and had not been obliged from the opening of the Battle of France to fight on the defensive, and what if circumstances had not allowed the luftwaffe to exploit a local superiority in numbers and tactics as a result of better co-operation with ground forces. Might then another allied monoplane fighter have been enshrined alongside the Spitfire and Hurricane, had the leisure to grow and develop at the same pace, and be remembered as a war-winning design, rather than being consigned to the same obscurity as that enjoyed by many aircraft overtaken by events in the opening months of World War ii? What if, and this would have been dependent on the aircraft’s place role in history and subsequent marketability, Airfix had made a kit of the type and released it in a Series 1 plastic bag for 2-/6d? Might we then have a better idea of the kind of machine it actually was?

seat interceptor fighter with a monoplane layout and retractable undercarriage. intended to replace the Dewoitine D.371, Dewoitine D.500, and loire 46 then in service, among the companies that responded to the requirement was French aircraft manufacturer Morane-Saulnier. Their contender was designated the M.S.405, a low wing monoplane of mixed construction, with a fabric covered wooden tail, but a bonded metal/wood material (Plymax) skin fixed to duralumin tubing. Morane had concentrated on civil designs in the years since World War i, and the M.S.405 was a significant undertaking for the firm. This, their first low wing monoplane with enclosed cockpit and retracting gear, was a significant advance on their fixed gear parasol monoplanes.

it was as early as 1934 that the French Air Force’s Aeronautical Technical Service issued a requirement for a modern single

Testing proved a need for wing modification and the second prototype was not airborne until January 1937. Fitted with a

Australian troops pose with Morane-Saulnier M.S.406C1 fighters of Groupe de Chasse I/7 at Aleppo-Nerab, Syria, July 1941

The first M.S405-1 prototype flew on 8th August 1935, demonstrating favourable flying characteristics from the outset. early test flights were flown with a fixed undercarriage, but this was later replaced. The prototype was delivered with all military equipment fitted to participate in service trials in January 1937 and that June was displayed at the Brussels Aeronautical exhibition.

Finnish Morane-Saulnier MS.406, MS-325 of 2/LeLv 28, based at Viitana in the winter of 1941-42. This was one of an initial batch of thirty aircraft received from France in February 1940

The extent to which the M.S.406 airframe might have been developed had France not been overrun is apparent in this view of the Swiss built prototype D-3802 J-401. The D.3802 was based on the M.S.450 with a Saurer YS-2 932.1kW (1,250hp) engine that enabled it to achieve a speed of 391mph

Finnish Moranes were used in combat during the Winter War against the USSR carrying out 259 operational sorties and shooting down sixteen Soviet aircraft

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The D-3802 was armed with one engine mounted 20mm cannon and four wing mounted machine guns. Despite its good performance it was not entered into full production as the Swiss decided to purchase war surplus P-51D Mustangs instead 671.1kW (900hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs engine it was able to attain a speed of 275mph during testing and in March 1937 an initial order was placed for the construction of sixteen preproduction prototypes, which were to incorporate the design improvements that had been made upon the M.S.405-2, leading to the aircraft being redesignated M.S.406. On 3rd February 1938 the first preproduction aircraft made its initial flight and during December 1938 the final one of the batch was delivered. The two main changes introduced were the inclusion of a new wing structure that saved weight, and the fitting of a retractable radiator, located underneath the fuselage. Powered by the production 641.3kW (860hp) HS 12Y-31 engine, the new design was 5mph faster than the earlier M.S.405. Armament consisted of a 20mm Hispano-Suiza HS.9 or 404 cannon with sixty rounds fired through the propeller hub, and two 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in the wings, each with 300 rounds. A weakness of the MAC 1934 was its operation at high altitudes. It was found that over 20,000ft the guns had a tendency to freeze so heaters were subsequently added to the weapons for high-altitude use. Even at this early stage of its development improved variants were on the cards, with a

Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 in Finnish service. Note the retractable radiator located underneath the fuselage

number of forward looking designs incorporated into the preproduction machines. Perhaps the most significant of these was the M.S.410, which was developed on the basis of very early combat experience gathered during autumn 1939. This model featured an uprated armament of four MAC 1934 machine guns with 550 rounds per gun, all of which were heated by warm air fed via a heat exchanger placed on the port engine exhausts. The cockpit featured a modified windshield in order to accommodate the installation of a new reflector gunsight arrangement as well as provisions for the carriage of under wing auxiliary fuel tanks. Following the completion of a pair of prototypes during February 1940, the French government issued an order authorising the upgrade of five hundred M.S.406 fighters to the more capable M.S.410 configuration, but all conversion efforts were stopped in May 1940 in response to the urgent need for every available combat aircraft to be put into action during the Battle of France. Only five complete production M.S.410 aircraft, along with 150 sets of the revised wings, had been completed by this point. A single example of the M.S.411 was constructed by converting the twelfth aircraft of the preproduction line with the 406 wing and

The D-3801 was an MS.406 built under license in Switzerland. This is the sole remaining airworthy example and is operated by Association Morane Charlie Fox and based at Bex. Although it had previously been painted in French Air Force markings to represent a MS.406 for the 2013 season it was repainted into its genuine Swiss Air Force colours (Alan Wilson)

the 745.7kW (1,000hp) Hispano-Suiza 12Y-45 engine. A later modification was started as the M.S.412 with the 783.0kW (1,050hp) HispanoSuiza 12Y-51 engine, but this was not completed by the time the war ended. In 1939 Hispano started prototype deliveries of the new Hispano-Suiza 12Z engine of 969.4kW (13,00hp). One was fitted to a modified 410 to create the M.S.450, giving dramatic improvements in performance, especially at altitude. However the engine did not enter production before France fell, and the similarly modified Dewoitine D.520 (the D.523/D.551) was considered a better design for the engine anyway. The M.S.430 was a two seat trainer built by inserting a plug in the central fuselage with an extra cockpit for the trainee pilot, and using the much less powerful 290.8kW (390hp) Salmson 9AG radial engine. The M.S.435 was a more powerful version with the 410.1kW (550hp) Gnome-Rhône 9K engine. With war between Germany and France seemingly inevitable, the French Air Force had placed an order for 1,000 M.S406 airframes during March 1938. To assist Morane-Saulnier a second assembly line was established at the nationalized SNCAO plant at St. Nazaire and in

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AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE April 1937 an initial order for fifty SNCAO built M.S.406 fighters was placed with an additional order for a further eighty issued in August. In April 1938, as a component of the French Air Force's Plan V, an order for 825 M.S.406s was placed with the various nationalised French aircraft industries.

The M.S.406 was of mixed construction, with a fabric covered wooden tail, but a bonded metal/wood material (Plymax) skin fixed to duralumin tubing. Plymax consisted of a thin sheet of duralumin bonded to a thicker sheet of plywood

The first production example took to the air on 29th January 1939 but deliveries were impeded by the slow production of engines, an issue that was to continue hampering manufacture throughout. By April 1939, the production lines were delivering six aircraft per day, and when war officially broke out on 3rd September 1939 this had risen to eleven aircraft per day. By this time, 535 M.S.406s had entered squadron service. Manufacturing was wound down during March 1940, by which point the original order for 1,000 fighters had been delivered in full to the French Air Force, along with a further seventy seven aircraft that had been constructed for Finland and Turkey. Additional M.S.406 orders that had been placed for Lithuania and Poland were cancelled with the outbreak of the war. The M.S.406 had attracted considerable foreign attention during the late 1930s, and during 1937 negotiations were underway between France and Belgium to undertake the licensed production of the type by Belgian aircraft manufacturer Avions Fairey for both the Belgian and French air forces, though these ultimately came to nothing. The first major export customer was Switzerland, who in September 1938, acquired a manufacturing licence for the type to be manufactured by Swiss firm Fabrique fédérale d'avions in Emmen.

In February 1940 the first thirty French fighters were allocated to LeLv 28, commanded by Major Jusu. Between November 1939 and 4th September 1944, Lv28 scored 118 aerial victories flying the Morane M.S.406. The Finnish nicknames were Murjaani (moor or Negro), a twist on its name, and Riippuvatsa (hanging belly) because of its bulged ventral fuselage

Overall the M.S.406 equipped sixteen Groupes de Chasse and three Escadrilles, stationed in both mainland France and across its overseas colonies, of which twelve saw action against the Luftwaffe

During May 1938, 2 Escadrille of the 7ème Groupes de Chasse at Rheims conducted operational testing of the type using a handful of preproduction aircraft. In response to accidents, improvements such as the strengthening of the undercarriage and the cockpit hood were implemented during mid 1939. Between December 1938 and January 1939, the 7ème Escadre exchanged its obsolete Loire 46 fighters for the type, while other units rapidly followed. Overall the M.S.406 equipped sixteen Groupes de Chasse and three Escadrilles, stationed in both mainland France and across its overseas colonies, of which twelve saw action against the Luftwaffe. During the Phoney War, isolated skirmishes occurred between the M.S.406 and early models of the Messerschmitt Bf 109. For thirty two claimed kills and sixteen

probables achieved by the French fighter, thirteen were lost in combat. Issues were already becoming apparent such as the lack of armour, frequent gun jamming, inadequate firepower and a very high rate of engine wear. The aircraft was very manoeuvrable and could withstand high amounts of battle damage, but overall was outclassed by the Bf 109. During the ensuing Battle of France, Allied forces suffered a high rate of attrition and were unable to keep up with the level of damage being sustained. 150 M.S.406s were lost in action while a further 250300 fighters were recorded as having been lost through other causes. The rapid advance of German forces led to repeated retreats and abandonment of bases, rendering most repair and replacement efforts disorganised, along with ground crews often having to destroy large numbers of their own aircraft on the ground to prevent their capture. The decision to employ small groups of French fighters against larger German formations was mostly ineffective against bombers and often costly. In the aftermath of the armistice, only a single Vichy unit, GC. 1/7, was equipped with the M.S.406 and the type was reduced to relatively minor roles, mainly for training purposes in mainland France. A handful flew from Syria to Egypt, joining up with the Royal Air Force and the Free French Air Force, continuing to be operated there until they became unserviceable. Those that remained in Vichy France's control saw action in Syria against the RAF and in Madagascar against the Fleet Air Arm, performing poorly in relation to the Fairey Fulmar. The Luftwaffe operated a number of the type for training purposes, while others were sold off to third parties. Finland purchased additional M.S.406s, as well as a few 406/410 hybrids, from the Germans, while others were passed off to Italy and a further forty eight were delivered to the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia during 1943. Both Switzerland and Turkey also operated the type, with the Swiss actually downing a number of both German and Allied aircraft during the course of the war. In 1938 Switzerland had obtained a license for local production of the M.S.406. Two M.S.406H fighters were supplied to Switzerland in September 1938 and April 1939 to serve as pattern aircraft for the D-3800, retaining the earlier wing design of the 405, but powered by the newer Hispano-Suiza 12Y-31 engines as used by the M.S.406. Preproduction started with a run of eight aircraft

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AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE from EKW with engines built by Adolph Saurer AG driving a new Escher-Wyss EW-V3 fully adjustable propeller. Instruments were replaced with Swiss versions and the drum fed MAC machine guns with locally designed and built belt fed guns, eliminating the wing bulges of the French version, and avoiding the freezing problems encountered by French guns. The first of these aircraft was completed in November 1939. The preproduction models were then followed with an order for a further seventy four examples. The Swiss continued development of the MS.412 when French involvement stopped following the June 1940 Armistice. The DornierAltenrhein factory completed a prototype powered with a licensed produced HS-51 12Y engine, generating 790.4kW (1,060hp) together with the fixed radiator and revised exhausts as tested on the M.S.411, in October 1940. The new type retained the armament changes and other improvements introduced on the D.3800 and was put into production in 1941 as the D-3801 with continued deliveries until 1945 by which time 207 had been completed. After being retired from operational use as a fighter when the North American P-51 Mustang was acquired in 1948, the type remained in service as a trainer and target tug until 1959. The D.3802 was based on the M.S.450, emerging as the M.S.540, with a Saurer YS-2 932.1kW (1,250hp) engine. The prototype flew in the autumn of 1944, revealing several shortcomings, but it was capable of 391mph. Twelve were produced seeing limited use with Fliegerstaffel 17 and some other units. The last development was the D.3803, which had an uprated engine and a modified dorsal fuselage with better visibility offered by the revised canopy. The D.3803 was armed with three HS-404 20mm cannon, one in the nose and two in the wings, and could carry up to 200kg of bombs and rockets. Despite a promising performances development was halted as P-51D Mustangs became available The M.S.406 ultimately had a successful career in Finland. In February 1940 the first thirty received were allocated to LeLv 28, receiving the Finnish codes MS-301 to MS-330. They were

M.S.405 showing off the ungainly radiator, the massive forward fuselage and wide tracked undercarriage used in combat during the Winter War against the USSR shooting down sixteen Soviet aircraft. By the time the Finns had received additional aircraft from the Germans, including M.S.410s, the fighter was outdated, but the Finns were so desperate for serviceable aircraft that they decided to start a modification program to bring all of their examples to a new standard. Thus the aircraft was converted into the Mörkö-Morane, a Finnish bogeyman or ogre. This was powered by captured Klimov M-105P engines and featured a fully adjustable propeller and more aerodynamic engine cowling. These changes boosted the speed to 326mph. Other changes included a new oil cooler taken from the Bf 109, the use of four belt fed guns like the M.S.410, and a 20mm MG 151/20 cannon in the engine mounting. The first example of the modified fighter, the MS631, made its first flight on 25th January 1943. Originally it was planned to convert all the forty one remaining M.S.406s and M.S.410s with the Soviet engine but by the end of the Continuation War in 1944 only three examples had been converted. After the end of the war the total number of conversions was brought to forty one, which served as advanced trainers with TLeLv 14 until September 1948. In 1952 all remaining Finnish Moranes were scrapped. So the M.S.406 succumbed to events and

failed to realise its potential. All successful combat aircraft become so through a process of trial and error, and it is unfortunate that the swift demise of France prevented the M.S.410 from being deployed in numbers and further improved. In Finnish hands it achieved a measure of success but for years this proved insufficient to bring it to the attentions of mainstream kit producers. Heller flew the flag for a long time. Now, thanks as usual to the Czechs, we have a little more scope and can do the aircraft the kind of justice that history denied it.

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS (M.S.406) Crew: One pilot Length: 26ft 9in Wingspan: 34ft 10in Powerplant: 1 Hispano-Suiza 12Y-31 liquid-cooled V-12, 640kW (860hp) Range: 620 miles Rate of climb: 2,560ft/min Armament: 1 x 20mm (0.787in) HispanoSuiza HS.404 cannon 2 x 7.5mm (0.295in) MAC 1934 machine guns

The surviving D-3801 in French markings masquerading as a M.S.406

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Modelling the M.S.406 There is actually a lot more scope for modelling the M.S.406 and its variants than you might suppose. Even before the Czechs kitted the type in every shape and size there were a number of kits in the marketplace, although these have not always been in production. The aircraft has always been regarded as something of an also ran by manufacturers and some of these early kits will be hard to find. Starting in 1/144 the only kit we are aware of is a resin by Japanese manufacturer Kami de Korokoro. This is a solid piece of resin with a number of smaller parts and while some of our SIG 144 members could probably turn out a creditable result in a morning’s work the rest of us may need to exercise some real modelling skills to get a good finish. That said there is little option if you want the type. Hobbylink Japan stock the range and if you are not afraid of a little work the company carry a lot of other unique subjects in the scale. In 1/72 there have been kits by Hasegawa and Frog, both of considerable vintage. The Hasegawa kit dates from 1993 and is easily the best in terms of detail while the easiest to find for a long time has been the Heller kit, which dates back to 1965. This comes as no surprise as Heller are the repository of all things French and the kit has seen a number of boxings over the years. HobbyBoss kitted the type in their Easy Kit range, oddly showing British markings in the box art, but the arrival of new toolings first from RS Models and latterly from Azur have resolved all issues of choice. Currently RS have ten boxings in their catalogue, offering all variants

from the M.S.405 to the D3802/3803. Modellers wishing to amass a collection need look no further. In 1/48 both Hobbycraft and Classic Airframes kitted the type, while MPM at one point released a boxing in the scale as the Finnish Mörko Morane. Probably the most complete option to base a collection on will be the AZ Models kits, although these are not currently listed as in production. These were nicely tooled limited run kits with resin parts and vacform canopies, so were by no means a walk over, but there have been a number of boxings covering variants and different theatres. The later Swiss models were not covered. Hobbycraft’s kits may offer an easier build but considerably less detail. AZ have issued at least one of these kits in their Admiral range. In 1/32 the modeller need look no further than the excellent Azur and Special Hobby kits, offering boxings in French and Finnish markings respectively. Accessories have not been so forthcoming. Eduard released an etch set for the Hasegawa kit, sadly predating their colour range, while Brengun have an excellent upgrade for the RS Models kits. Aires offer a couple of resin items but otherwise the modeller will need to use traditional methods to super detail their kit. Decals on the other hand are plentiful. Berna, Colorado, Kora, LF Models and Techmod offer a comprehensive choice while Montex have a selection of sets, offering both markings and canopy masks, notably in 1/32 and 1/48.

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AER0-MODELLING Reference 1 2 3 4 5 6
















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Published 1959 1963 1964 1965 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972

Pages 160 160 160 160 128 128 128 128 144


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12 13 14 15 16 17
















1975 1977 1978 1943

144 144 144 80








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Colour Conundrum

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The Truth about Late War Luftwaffe Camouflage?

By Paul Lucas

Messerschmitt Me 262A-1a, 7+I, werknummer 500491, owned by the National Air and Space Museum- port side view. Finish is in RLM 81 281H Olive Green (Vallejo 71.020 German Green*) and RLM 82 B567 Bright Green (Vallejo 71.007 Olive Green*) to the upper surfaces with the same colours applied as mottled blotches. The undersides are in RLM 76 Light Blue (Vallejo 71.257 Light Blue RLM 76). The finish and markings types/positions have been matched to photographs. Note that the aircraft splinter scheme demarcations are an approximate match to the standard scheme as laid down in official documentation.

Part 1 RLM 81 and RLM 82


or many years there has been some question and a great deal of debate about both the nomenclature and hue of the three 'late war' RLM colours introduced for the upper surface camouflage of Luftwaffe aircraft during 1944, RLM 81, 82, and 83. Much of this debate has centred on the hues of these colours with much confusion being caused by differing descriptions both in the written documents of the time and subjective descriptions of the colours found on various artefacts, which range in size from relatively small airframe components up to and including whole aircraft. RLM 81 in particular seems to be a particular bone of contention as it seems to vary in hue from one artefact to another usually being colloquially described as anything from a dark olive drab greenish brown or brownish green sort of colour to a reddish brown. In addition to these colours, the idea seems to have taken root that there was a pale blue green colour used on the under surfaces of some aircraft such as Me 109s and Fw190s for which the term 'RLM 84' has gained some currency. In more recent years, it appeared that the matter of the upper surface colours had been settled and that RLM 81, 82 and 83 were re-issues of the earlier RLM 61, 62 and 64 colours, which had been dropped in 1938. Evidence for this had come to light in the Czech Republic where a number of late war colour cards had come to light that were described by the late Ken

Merrick on pages 123 and 124 of his Classic Publications book 'Luftwaffe Camouflage and Markings 1933 – 1945' Volume 1 (referred to as 'Merrick' hereafter). Then, in 2012, Luftwaffe camouflage researcher and author Michael Ullmann discovered a number of documents that originated with the Luftwaffe research establishment at Travermunde, which appear to call the re-issued colour interpretation of RLM 81, 82 and 83 into question by suggesting, amongst other things, that RLM 83 was actually shade of dark blue. This two part article seeks to bring much of the currently available information on this vexed subject together and to attempt to synthesize a new interpretation that accommodates both old and new information by drawing on the old saying that whilst there are two sides to every argument, the truth might lie somewhere in between. Whilst this article does draw on some material gathered during the author’s own research, the vast majority of the text is based upon the hard work of other people over many years such as; J. Richard Smith, John D. Gallaspy, Michael Ullmann and the late Ken Merrick

the war in the East to a triumphant close by the end of 1941, this situation continued into 1942. It is thought that as a result of this continuing large scale commitment that sometime around October 1942, a requirement emerged for a new upper surface camouflage scheme for Luftwaffe aircraft to replace the then current RLM 70/71 scheme, which was commonly used by Bomber, Transport and Communication aircraft. The exact reason why this requirement emerged is not known, but it is possible that with something like two thirds of Luftwaffe aircraft operating in these roles doing so on the Eastern Front, that the dark, low contrast camouflage scheme of RLM 70/71,

which had originally been intended for use in the heavily wooded region of central Europe, was considered to be ineffective on the more open steppes of the Soviet Union and that a more contrasting scheme utilising new, different colours was required. The problem of devising the new scheme was therefore passed to the German Aviation Experimental Establishment Testing Centre at Travermunde near Lubeck on the Baltic Coast where the Technical Department of the RLM had concentrated its aircraft finish testing facilities. The work on devising the new scheme was apparently carried out under the designation Test Order E2-45/19 and the earliest document to have

Origin of RLM 81 and 82 For the outset of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, approximately two thirds of the Luftwaffe's front line strength was deployed to the East. Following the failure of the Wehrmacht to bring

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*Denotes approximate match For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

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CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M been found relative to this work is thought to have been a report headed 'Flight Verification of Land Camouflage' dating from June 1943. This report is said to have stated that the dark colour scheme of RLM 70/71 would be replaced with colour 281H (olive green) and B657 (bright green). Both these colours were said to have been tested for nine months and had been found to be very light resistant. From this report, it would appear to be apparent that 281 H olive green and B657 bright green were new colours that were being subjected to weathering tests, which had been going on for some nine months, thus suggesting that work had begun sometime around October 1942. The colour notation used is unfamiliar to this author though it is interesting to note that something similar is present on the

in February 1944, what appears to be the final report in the sequence stated that RLM 81 and 82 as described in a report designated 2138/43 dated 2 July 1943 were introduced having been found light resistant including serial production without objection.

A third report in October 1943 stated that the exposure of the colours, including small production batches, over the summer months had shown no discolouration. This clearly indicates that by October 1943, at least one paint manufacturer had been apprised of the new colours, had worked out a production formula and had undertaken limited production and supplied the new colours to Travermunde. In December a further report is said to have been made that stated that RLM 81 and RLM 82 were 'light resistant without objection'. Finally,

keep them separate from the German colloquial terms for these colours, which will appear in due course. It would thus appear that a quantity of both RLM 81 281 H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green were manufactured, tested, and that by February 1944, Travermunde considered that both colours were fit for purpose and

camouflage scheme diagram of the Fi 156 'Storch' reproduced on p. 112 of Merrick, which lists '482' and '615' as colours. The names 'olive green' and 'bright green' are colloquial terms, which are used in the English translation of notes on the Travermude documents held by the author. This report was followed by a second report in August 1943, which appears to introduce the nomenclature RLM 81 and RLM 82 to Test Order E2-45/19. This contention is supported by a Collective Communication (Sammelmitteilung) dated 1 July 1944, which stated that letter GL/CE 10 No. 10585/43 (IVE). Ref. 82 b 10 dated 21 August 1943 had announced the intention to replace RLM 70 and 71 with RLM 81 and 82 at some time in the future.

Messerschmitt Me 262A-1a, 7+I, werknummer 500491, owned by the National Air and Space Museum- upper view. Finish is in RLM 81 281H Olive Green (Vallejo 71.020 German Green*) and RLM 82 B567 Bright Green (Vallejo 71.007 Olive Green*) to the upper surfaces with the same colours applied as mottled blotches. The undersides are in RLM 76 Light Blue (Vallejo 71.257 Light Blue RLM 76). Again, the finish and markings types/positions have been matched to photographs. Note that the aircraft splinter scheme demarcations are an approximate match to the standard scheme as laid down in official documentation.

Whilst this author has not seen the original documents and has relied upon translated notes provided by Michael Ullmann, these appear to show that colour 281 H olive green became RLM 81, B657 bright green became RLM 82 and that both were new colours as originally formulated and not re-issues of older colours. When combined together, the documents referred to above suggest that the RLM numbers 81 and 82 were assigned to 281 H olive green and B657 bright green circa July 1943. In order to take this new information into account, for the remainder of this article these colours will be referred to as RLM 81 281 H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green, retaining the anglicised colloquial terms so as to

ready for introduction to service with the Luftwaffe. At this point however, something happened that led to the introduction of the new colours being delayed. Why this delay occurred is not known, but it would appear to have manifested itself in the colour scheme diagram that was being prepared by Arado for the Ar 234. When the camouflage diagram for the Ar 234 was drawn up in April 1944, it showed the upper surfaces were still to be finished in RLM 70/71 rather than RLM 81/82 as might have been the case had the new colours been promptly introduced.

Introduction to Service It would appear that RLM 81 and RLM 82 were finally promulgated to the Service by the Sammelmitteilung dated 1 July 1944 mentioned previously. This stated that the introduction of RLM 81 and 82 had now been defined as being for new aircraft types, which because of their intended employment would hitherto have been finished with 70/71 with the change for aircraft currently in production being made at the earliest convenient time. Existing stocks of 70 and 71 were to be used up. Where supplies of one of either 70 or 71 ran out before the

other, so as to avoid small reorders, the residual amount of RLM 70 could be used up in conjunction with RLM 82 whilst a residual amount of 71 was to be used up in conjunction with RLM 82. The application of these colours to the splinter patterns already in use was to remain unchanged. It is the author’s contention that at this time, the hues of RLM 81 and RLM 82 were those originally designed at

Tavermunde during 1943, the colours they referred to as 281 H and B657. In September 1944, Travermunde apparently referred to these colours in correspondence with Blohm and Voss with regard to the BV 155 Fighter as 'RLM 81 Olivbraun' and 'RLM 82 Hellgrun'. Colours that might be considered to match these descriptions were found on the US National Air and Space Museum’s Me 262 when it was restored between 1977 and 1979. A detailed article on this restoration appeared in the November 1979 issue of Scale Models magazine along with a detailed description of the colours found on the aircraft during the restoration. According to the colour table included in the article, the upper surfaces were finished with a ‘Dk. Brown/Green’ Munsell value 10Y 3/2 FS 595A 34087 and a ‘Light Green’ Munsell value 7.5GY 4/4 with no FS 595A equivalent quoted. That said however, the same Munsell value for the light green was given in J.R Smith and J.D. Gallaspy's Kookaburra book Luftwaffe Camouflage and Markings 1935 – 45 Volume 3 (referred to as 'Smith and Gallaspy' hereafter), with an FS 595A match of FS 31438 being given for this hue. Various other sources that deal with other artefacts report the presence of an olive green colour, which was usually assessed as being Munsell 5Y 3/1, FS 595A 24087. These differing assessments



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CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M Dornier Do 335A-0, VG+PH/102, owned by the National Air and Space Museum- port side view. Finish is in RLM 82 B567 Bright Green (Vallejo 71.007 Olive Green*) and RLM 83 Dark Green (Vallejo 71.011 Dark Green RLM 83). The undersides are in RLM 76 Light Blue (Vallejo 71.257 Light Blue RLM 76). The finish and markings types/positions have been matched to photographs. Note that the aircraft splinter scheme demarcations are an approximate match to the standard scheme as laid down in official documentation.

of the olive colour highlight a discrepancy in FS 595A whereby 14087 and 24087 were the same colour but 34087 was much lighter and more yellow. In FS 595B all these colours had their numbers changed so that 14087 and 24087 became 1 and 24086 respectively and 34087 became 34088 so that all the – 4087 designations disappeared. In Humbrol terms, FS 595A 24087/ FS 595B 34088 is No.155 Matt Olive Drab but there is no match straight from the tin for FS 24087/24086. A simple mix for this colour is equal parts No. 10 Service Brown and No. 91 Matt Black Green. With regard to FS 31438, Humbrol No. 131 Satin Mid Green is the closest match straight from the tin.

their distribution over the aircraft have been uniformly redefined’. It concluded by stating that ‘As a result of this new regulation the following RLM shades are in future to be

A Change in Hue? Six weeks after the apparent promulgation of RLM 81 281H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green in the original Sammelmitteilung of 1 July, Sammelmitteilung No.2 dated 15 August 1944 was issued. According to the English translation provided by Michael Ullmann on page 252 of his Hikoki book, Luftwaffe Colours 1935 – 1945 (referred to as Ullmann hereafter) the paragraph headed 'Camouflage' opened by stating that ‘Camouflage colour shades and

so, which colours were changed, how were they changed and why? The long running debate with regard to the hues of RLM 81 and 82 might suggest the possibility that the hues of these two colours were changed. With regard to how, it is suggested that it was at this time that the old pre-

Unfortunately, the author does not possess a copy of Munsell and is therefore unable to verify the

accuracy of the FS or Humbrol matches for the Munsell values given. For the time being, the findings of other researchers are being taken at face value and it is thus considered that RLM 81 281 H olive green approximates to Munsell 5Y 3/1, FS 595B 24086 whilst RLM 82 B657 bright green approximates to Munsell 7.5GY 4/4, FS 595B 31438.

Dornier Do 335A-0, VG+PH/102, owned by the National Air and Space Museum- upper view. Finish is in RLM 82 B567 Bright Green (Vallejo 71.007 Olive Green*) and RLM 83 Dark Green (Vallejo 71.011 Dark Green RLM 83). The undersides are in RLM 76 Light Blue (Vallejo 71.257 Light Blue RLM 76). The finish and markings types/positions have been matched to photographs. Note that the aircraft splinter scheme demarcations are an approximate match to the standard scheme as laid down in official documentation.

discontinued: 65, 70, 71 and 74. Shade 70 continues to be specified solely for propellers’. Does the opening statement about camouflage colour shades being ‘redefined’ simply refer to the deletion of some colours, or might it also encompass the hue of some of the RLM colours being changed? If

54 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

war colours RLM 61 and RLM 62, whose RAL equivalents 8019 and 6003 had remained in production for the Luftwaffe as ground camouflage colours for use on buildings etc., were reintroduced as aircraft camouflage colours under the designations RLM 81 and RLM 82 respectively. Exactly why this should have been done is open to question. On one hand, it might have been the result of a desire to standardise and streamline the production of camouflage paint; the result of the necessary pigments for the production of RLM 81 281 H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green being in short supply; a

combination of both of these factors; or some other unknown reason. The necessary pigments for RAL 8019 and 6003 were evidently readily available as they were used in large quantities for buildings and the Wehrmacht used RAL 6003 in its AFV and

motor transport vehicle camouflage schemes. Furthermore, the paint manufacturers presumably had the formulas for the old RLM 61 and 62 colours on file and it would therefore be a relatively straightforward task to put them back into production, possibly a much more simple proposition under the conditions prevailing in Germany at that time than starting to produce two entirely new colours such as RLM 81 281H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green from scratch. As to why the designations RLM 81 and 82 remained unchanged if the hue of the colours was altered is unknown. It might be the case that having produced and

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CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M distributed a number of instructions regarding the introduction of the new colours some six weeks previously, it was decided that it would be more expedient to have the paint manufacturers change the colour of the paint they put into containers marked 'Farbton 81' and 'Farbton 82' than to issue a whole raft of instructions cancelling the introduction of 81 and 82 and replacing them with 61 and 62 as it is often said that order followed by counter order leads to disorder. RAL 8019/RLM 61 was a dark brown with a definite red hue to it. In Munsell terms, it has been described as being 10YR 2.5/1 or approximately FS 30045. RAL 6003/RLM 62 was an olive green, which has been described in Munsell terms as being 5GY 4/2 or approximately FS 34159. In Humbrol terms RLM 61 is matched by No.251 RLM 81 Dunkelbraun whilst RLM 62 is best matched by No. 86 Matt Light Olive. It is possible that a change in hue lies behind the apparently contradictory German colloquial descriptions of RLM 81. The Do 335 camouflage painting diagram issued as part of the aircraft handbook in November 1944 but prepared some time earlier describes RLM 81 as 'dunkelgrun' whilst a Me 262 camouflage painting diagram which is said to date from February 1945 describes RLM 81 as 'braunviolett'. These names were not assigned by the RLM, but by the aircraft manufacturers themselves As can be seen from the approximate FS numbers, the original RLM 81 281H olive green could be colloquially described as 'dunkelgrun' whilst the replacement RLM 81 RAL 8019 could be colloquially described as 'braunviolett'. In using these names it needs to be said that Ken Merrick urged a degree of caution in relying upon them as a description of the colours they referred to as even before the war, such terms were very loosely applied and as a consequence are not to be relied upon. He stated that the last RLM colours to have official names were RLM 72 and 73 as from this point onwards, the colour number became the important part of the colour nomenclature. This was due to the use of a simple mechanical computer called the Holerith-Maschine, which began to be used for the logistics of all Germany's armed forces. This could only perform operations by the use of numbers and as a result, colour

names became irrelevant to the RLM. It was left to the paint manufacturers and or the aircraft manufacturers to come up with their own names for the colours if they thought it necessary for their own use, which might go some way towards explaining the use of different terms for the same colour.

the colour were probably irrelevant, if it said 'Farbton 81' on the outside of the container, then that is what would be used,

were two separate shades of RLM 81 and 82 as follows: RLM 81 281H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green, which were formulated at Travermunde in 1943. RLM 81 RAL 8091 and RLM 82 RAL 6003, which replaced the original Travermunde colours from circa August 1944 onwards.

Even Travermunde appear to have used different terms for the same colour. In 1943 they seem to have used the term 'olive green' and in 1944 they seem to have used the term 'olive brown' to describe RLM 81. This must serve as an indicator of how difficult it sometimes is to describe a colour. As can be seen from the Munsell values, these 'olive drab' shades were all technically shades of yellow but depending upon how an individual perceives colour, some people might see the Travermunde shade of RLM 81 as a green colour whilst others might see it as a brown.

How quickly the new hues appeared is not known. Some years ago there was much interest generated by the discovery of a number of cans of paint in the Czech Republic that Messerschmitt Me 163B-1a, ’15’, werknummer 191659, attached to 6./JG 400 based at Schleswig—Holstein, May 1945- upper view. Finish is in RLM 81 RAL 8091 Brown Violet (Vallejo 71.264 Brown Violet RLM 81) and RLM 82 RAL 6003 Light Green (Vallejo 71.022 Light Green RLM 82). The undersides are in RLM 76 Light Blue (Vallejo 71.257 Light Blue RLM 76). The nose and aircraft number are in the unit colours of Yellow and Black

With had been liberated at the end of the

war from the Diana works, which had been responsible for the manufacture of the Me 109K. One of these cans was a 60 kg container that had been filled on 2 November 1944 and was labelled '71(??).81', which indicated that it contained RLM 81. On opening, the paint was said to still be in usable condition and when brushed out, was found to dry to a dark green colour.

regard to RLM 82, the Do 335 diagram refers to it as 'dunkelgrun' whilst the Me 262 diagram refers to it as 'hellgrun'. This serves to highlight the unreliability of these colloquial

descriptions as in this author’s opinion, neither version of RLM 82 could be described as dark green as given in the Do 335 drawing and the term 'hellgrun' as given in the Messerschmitt drawing might mean either 'bright' or 'light' green which could encompass either variant of RLM 82. In contrast to these drawings, the Ta 152 camouflage painting diagram of November 1944 just lists colours 81 and 82 for use on the upper surfaces without any colloquial colour description at all. As far as the end user of the paint was concerned, whether an aircraft manufacturer or the Service, colloquial descriptions of

irrespective of the actual colour of the paint inside. It is therefore proposed that there

Because it is apparent that a quantity of the original RLM 81 281H olive green and RLM 82 B657 bright green was manufactured and applied to aircraft, it is at least possible that these remained available in the supply chain for some time and that they were available at the same time as their replacements, RLM 81 RAL 8091 and RLM 82 RAL 6003. This might raise the possibility that RLM 81 281H olive green might be used in conjunction with RLM 82 RAL 6003 or that RLM 81 RAL 8091might have been used in conjunction with RLM 82 B657 bright green. Then there is the matter of RLM 83 to consider…



3909 Camel 56-59_Scuttlebutt 13/10/2017 14:42 Page 56


Wingnut Wings Sopwith Camel BR.1 By Dave Hooper

The completed instrument panel assembly

favourable. At the time I think I said that the kit looked like it would be a fairly simple model to build. But would these predictions prove to be correct?

Internal Detail

Kit No: 32070 Scale: 1/32 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Wingnut Wings www.wingnutwings.com


he Sopwith Camel must be one of the most iconic aircraft of World War I. Ask anybody to name one World War I aircraft and they are likely to name the Camel (unless particularly clueless about historical events in which case the Spitfire will probably be chosen). Like the Spitfire, the Camel was a highly manoeuvrable fighter, but unlike the World War II fighter was very unforgiving to fly and it’s thought that as many young pilots died in accidents as they did by enemy gunfire. Wingnut Wings originally said that they would not tool a Camel kit, because they felt that there was already a perfectly good kit available in 1/32 (the Hobbycraft tooling). However the increase in popularity of Wingnut Wings and pressure from the fans and punters were probably instrumental in a change of heart and the kit was announced about four years ago. Finally, at the beginning of this year the kits were released in six different boxings. The version I had for review was the Bentley Br.1 powered version. This kit contains four grey plastic sprues and an additional clear sprue of plastic parts such as windscreens and inspection hatches. In the manner of previous kits from this company a very small photo etch fret is included as well as a very large A4 size sheet of decals that provide five colourful options to choose from. A brief in box review was published in a previous edition of SAM and was very

Like almost all Wingnut Wings kits that I have experienced, the construction begins with the assembly of the cockpit tub. This is an extremely important stage of the build, as get this wrong and you will find that you are likely to have problems later in the build, as like all modern CAD drawn models there is no latitude for error. The first section of the cockpit assembly deals with the instrument panel and machine gun magazines. The instrument panel is particularly impressive and as with other WNW kits has a very fine selection of instrument dial decals to enhance the finished appearance of the panel. In the case of this kit each dial has a choice of two faces, and it is left to the modeller to choose which is appropriate. Next the floorboard and under shield sections are assembled on which the control column and rubber bars are fitted. I chose to assemble the cockpit in small manageable sections and then paint and decal these sections before final assembly. The instrument panel and floor sections are then glued to one of the side panels and here is where you need to be extra careful, particularly when fitting the butted edges of the under shield to ensure that a tight, snug fit is achieved. I ended up with a slight gap on my model which I filled, but this then affected the fit of the lower wings, and potentially upper wings later in the build.

The completed cockpit assembly

The cockpit assembly is fitted to the starboard side fuselage half

Fitting the tail skid

The sidewalls are supplied with the cabane struts premoulded on to them. I have to say that I do not particularly like this approach as the joints between the struts and the longeron are pretty thin and easily breakable during the construction process. I managed to break both of my two rear struts by the time the top wing went on. Both of these struts were repaired by reinforcing the joints with a small piece of E string guitar wire. Back to the cockpit and the seat and fuel tank were fitted to a piece of framework. As reported previously the seat does appear to be under scale, which is particularly noticeable once the seatbelts have been fitted. Once assembled and painted this section was fitted to the side panel

56 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

The two fuselage halves are closed around the cockpit tub

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CAMEL and then the opposite panel was added. Control wires were fitted from the rudder bar to the rear of the cockpit frame and bracing wires were added to the side panels. For the bracing I cut grooves in to the outside of the framework for the rigging material to sit in. This not only made it easier to fit the bracing wires but I hoped it would also help achieve a better fit once the fuselage halves were closed. Finally the internal part of the machine gun assembly is put together and fitted. At this stage only the rear parts of the machine guns are fitted. The barrels are added later in the build. The lower wing is fitted with some adjustment to the plastic

Fuselage and Lower Wings The kit contains two different options for the starboard side fuselage half, each with a slightly different stitching layout. Both halves need some holes to be drilled out before assembly and some options need removal of details, so care needs to be taken to follow the correct plan of action for the option that you are intending to build. At this stage air inlets can be drilled out for increased detail. The interior section was painted and bracing wires were added to the open area around where the tail skid was to be fitted.

The cockpit decking required some surgery for the option I was building

Masked and ready to spray the aluminium parts

At this stage the tail skid needs to be fitted. This is another one of those parts that can be easily damaged during the model’s assembly process and so while I understand from an accuracy point of view why the tail skid needs fitting at this stage, I personally would prefer an opportunity of fitting this part later in the build process. The fuselage halves can then be fitted around the cockpit tub. I found this fit to be tight but achievable. At this point the engine plate is also added. With the main fuselage assembled the instructions suggest that the lower wing is fitted. This comes in one single part which is intended to slot into the underside of the fuselage. This is where the poor fitting of the under shield to the sidewall during the initial stages of the build came in to play, as I found that while I could slot the wing into position the slightly increased width around the area of assembly had the effect of forcing the wings out of shape, which if not treated would result in an incorrect dihedral. To rectify this I took some plastic out of both the fuselage and wing sections so that I could fit the lower wing in position without any apparent stress on the wing joints. The next step is to add the cockpit decking. This part varies depending on the aircraft that is being built and some options, such as the one I was building require some surgery. At this stage, the gun barrels can be slotted into position so

that they protrude from the front end of the model. Clear inspection hatches are also fitted to the lower wings but in most cases these will be painted over as they often were in service. I did not however fit the lower wing ailerons as per instructions. I prefer control surfaces such as the ailerons to be fitted towards the end of the build. Finally a Rotherham pump made from plastic and photo etch parts was fitted to the starboard rear cabane strut.

Painting and Decalling The upper wing is supplied in three sections to allow for various centre piece options to be incorporated. These parts are easy to slot together and once assembled result in a strong upper wing. At this stage all of the parts were painted and decalled and I used foam packing to try to protect the cabane struts from damage during this process. For my build I chose B7275, which was delivered to Naval 3 Squadron as it still was at the time on the 23rd March 1918, one week before the RAF came into being amalgamating RFC and RNAS into a single fighting force. Earlier that month Naval 3 had taken over from Naval 8 under the command of the RFC at St Eloi, south of the Somme. Part of the arrangement was an agreement to take over Naval 8’s battle worn Camels, which did not impress the Naval 3 pilots. Squadron markings at the time were grey cowlings, and tail with green elevators. From photographic evidence it’s also assumed that the fin and background block around the P were also grey. In addition there is enough evidence to suggest that squadron wheel covers from this period were over painted grey. It was my intention to use Aviattic fabric and the recently issued wood decals on my build so once the model was primed, I sprayed all the parts white as I would be using mainly textile prints on clear backed sheets. Before applying the decals I sprayed the forward part of the fuselage with aluminium paint. I also preweathered by simply smudging washes of various browns into the model until I was happy with the effect. Because the decals are clear backed the preweathering allows some nice effects to be achieved once the textile decals have been laid on top. I then began to fit the textile sections using masking tape to create templates. I began with the clear doped sections and then added the upper PC10 section using the light version of Aviattic’s PC10 products. Once the basic textile areas were completely covered I added rib tapes and finally leading and trailing edge tapes to the

Beginning to add the PC10

The kit decals are added to the fuselage



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A Rotherham pump is fitted to the rear starboard cabane strut

wings. The leading and trailing edges would later be removed and replaced as the amount of handling (I tend to handle models by the wing edges) had worn away some areas of the decal print. Finally fittings like inspection hatches were painted with a colour reasonably matching the PC10 textiles that I was using. At this stage I fitted the tailplane, although I did not fit the control horns as the manual instructed. With the basic finish completed it was time to add the kit decals. I find modern decals in general a bit hit and miss with regards to application and the Cartograph produced sheets from WNWs are no exception. I have found the best way to apply these decals is to dip them quickly in water and then liberally coat the decals with Microset while still on the backing sheet. This softens the decal a little but more importantly keeps it wet during application. Once applied I used Microsol to help the decals settle on uneven areas. Using this technique worked for most of the decals without a problem with the main exception of the grey block on the P, which began to shatter while still on its backing sheet, and some of the wing roundels, which tended to split in the white areas. I used paint to touch up areas where I had problems. There is one very well-known photograph of Naval 3/203 Squadron during the period when they were stationed at St Eloi with B7275 in the foreground. At the time of the photograph B7275 and many other aircraft of this squadron had eagle symbols painted under the cockpit. However, when Naval 3 became 203 Squadron of the RAF on 1st April 1918 they would have been required to remove any unofficial squadron or personal markings. The question is when this might have happened, or if indeed it happened at all. Therefore the Eagle marking is supplied as an option, which I chose to include. Another option is to continue the grey block behind the P on around the fuselage. Reviewing the reference photo of B7275 a clear break line can be seen on the stringers suggesting that the grey continued across the upper side of the fuselage at least. I chose to add all these decals so that the grey block went all the way around the fuselage in a continuous band.

Upper Wings and Rigging The prepainted and decalled upper wing was

then glued to the cabane struts, ensuring that the alignment looked correct. The interplane struts were then painted and spring fitted into position and this is where I had some problems. The space between the upper and lower wings was significantly greater than the length of the struts so that I had to force the wings inwards. Luckily the strut fittings are very positive, which allowed me to achieve a fit without too many problems though I did end up with some very slight curving of the upper wing. Whether this is a problem with the kit, or with my construction is debatable. Remember that I had to reattach two of the cabane struts earlier in the build as well as adjusting the fit of the lower wing so I’m inclined to think that the issue was with me and not the model. Quite possibly the whole problem began at the very start of the build with my assembly of the cockpit tub. However visually the issue is not too noticeable and you can actually see a similar effect on the top wing of some Camel photos so I may have inadvertently ended up with some positives from the situation. Rigging was achieved using smoke coloured mending thread. As pointed out in the instructions, the Camel did not have turnbuckle fittings so I predrilled rigging holes in the lower wings to accept the rigging directly. For the underside of the upper wing I created small eyelets by wrapping wire around a 0.3mm drill bit and twisting the ends to make a pin. These were fitted as close to the wing underside as possible so they would not be too visible. The rigging was then fitted to the lower wing and looped through the eyelet in the upper wing.

Bracing wires are fitted at the base of the cabane struts

The upper wing is fitted

The undercarriage assembly painted and fitted to the fuselage

Undercarriage and Engine The undercarriage is very easy to assemble and fit to the underside of the model. The kit provides options for early or late style undercarriage. The option that I was building incorporated the late style. Once assembled the undercarriage section was sprayed and fitted. Bracing wires were then applied using mending thread but at this stage I did not add the wheels. Next the fin and rudder were added and braced with more mending thread. The Bentley Br.1 engine is very simple to assemble but very striking to look at. The engine basically consists of two cylinder halves that fit

58 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

The completed Bentley Br.1

3909 Camel 56-59_Scuttlebutt 13/10/2017 14:44 Page 59


The engine is mounted on to the fuselage

Control wires are fitted to the tail section

Bracing wires are fitted to the undercarriage

The rigging between the front cabane struts is particularly tricky to align

together. Each cylinder head is then fitted separately before the front section containing the push rods and the rear section including the induction pipes are fitted. Because most of the engine is of a similar colour the whole thing can be assembled in one go before spraying or brush painting. Once completed, the engine was fitted into the firewall and the prepainted cowling added. The kit contains a large selection of cowlings so it’s important to ensure that the correct item is used for the option that is being built.

Final Fittings

Brass rod is fitted to each aileron to reinforce the joint

The ailerons are fitted and control wires added. Note also the tie down rings

At this stage I fitted the elevator control horns into position and began adding control wires made from mending thread to the tail area of the model. Bracing wires were fitted between the two front cabane struts. This is a particularly tricky part of the build as the rigging is offset and the centre point is connected by a small plastic fitting. I drilled holes through this fitting, but it took me three attempts to get the rigging and fitting to look right. The fitting is still slightly angled upwards, something I could not seem to avoid. Lower wing ailerons were fitted in an offset position and control wires added before doing the same to the upper wing ailerons. In both cases I reinforced the aileron attachments with brass rod fitted into two predrilled positions in each aileron and the wing. This was done mainly because I tend to transport my models to shows and I know from experience that aileron joints are often some of the most easily damageable parts. Wheels were prepared by applying Aviattic PC10 decals to the covers and then lightly over painting with grey. Once touch dry the paint was gently polished with the finger to create a worn effect and expose some of the PC10 colour underneath. Palmer tyre logo decals are supplied, but this makes the tyres look too new in my opinion. I rather felt that the white print would have worn away from the tyre in a short

time and in the field photographs of aircraft appear to confirm this. The wheels were fitted at an angle to simulate position of the wheels under static weight. Finally the prop was assembled, painted, decalled and glued into position.

Conclusion This wasn’t quite the simple model that I perceived it to be. Other commitments meant that construction was staggered between other jobs, which is never something I enjoy doing, but the lower and upper wing assembly was not quite as straight forward as I was expecting. The CAD revolution in modelling has made my job as a reviewer much more difficult than it once was. Effectively the fit on all of these models should be perfect and so I can no longer blame the model for my own bad practices. The assembly of these models does require a certain kind of discipline, which I have not yet completely mastered. Bad workmanship aside, the Wingnut Wings Camel is a beautiful little kit that is likely to result in some very impressive looking models on the club and competition tables at shows. In addition I really enjoyed using the Aviattic textile and wood decals, which I feel have really enhanced this particular model. Many thanks to Wingnut Wings for this review sample and to Aviattic for the textile and wood decals. In addition, thanks to Richard Alexander for taking the time to answer my questions regarding wheel cover colours.

Main References Sopwith Camel Squadrons by L.A. Rogers Sopwith Camel Windsock Datafile no.26 by J.M. Bruce Sopwith Camel – King of Combat by Chaz Bowyer Sopwith F.1/2F.1 Camel Haynes Manual Cross and Cockade Vol45/4 Winter 2014 - Just about Court Marshalled by Stewart K. Taylor

The wheel covers are initially covered with PC10 coloured textile decal

Spraying the prop



3909 Lightening 60-62_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 12:18 Page 60

F - 35 L I G H T N I N G I I


Israeli’s First Lightning By Yoav Efrati

Kit No: 2506 Scale: 1/32 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Italeri The Hobby Company/MRC

The landing gear was painted white with the hydraulic tubing picked out in Humbrol 56 aluminium and 11 Silver shock struts. The separation line between the tyres and white hubs was deepened with a needle scriber and Xtracolour Tyre black used for the tyres

The instrument panel decal is larger than the panel's recess and clear acetate cover, so it needs to be applied over them rather than between them. This is a view of the finished cockpit prior to installation. Since this was built, Eduard’s colour etch sets have become available

Reflective lenses were cemented inside upper fuselage clear part 9H, prior to closing up the fuselage halves

This second part of my article on building Italeri's 1/32 F-35A to depict Israel's first F-35i Adir (dual meaning mighty and in slang a fabulous experience), includes my camouflage colour findings and deals with assembly challenges experienced after the fuselage and wings were put together. F-35 Colours


urrently, all Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning 2s of all three versions and all operator nations have the common camouflage colour of FS595C36170. Italeri instructs the modeller to use FS36270 for the overall fuselage colour and FS36375 for the RAM areas, but these colours are incorrect. The Radar Absorbent Material (RAM) applied to access panel edges, intake lips, radome, vertical fin panels and various areas on the airframe is matt and reflects different grey colours under differing light intensity. No colour is specified for the RAM material, so for application on this model I

A dry fit of exhaust nozzle 27E showed it to be slightly too long and about 2mm needed sanding from the aft end of burner pipe 26E

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considered using FS36231, FS36251, FS36270 and FS36375 for the RAM panel edge sealant areas. In June 2017 Ra’anan Weiss of IsraDecal publications shared with me colour comparison notes he made that day on F-35I Adir number 903. Lacking an FS595C colour catalogue, he used current German RAL and US FS595B colour chip catalogues for his comparison check. Direct and indirect sunlight colour comparison of the F-35I’s fuselage colour FS595C-36170 matched German RAL5012 and the colour closest matching the RAM panel seals was a matt version of FS595B-26134. A colour comparison I made with a Humbrol colour chip catalogue revealed that Humbrol 79 Matt Blue Gray matches the RAL7012 overall fuselage colour and Humbrol 92 Matt Iron Gray matches the RAM FS595b-26134 panel seals. A further colour comparison of a FS595b-26134 colour chip with Wolfpack’s F-35A RAM decal sheet I had in stock, confirmed the colour as being correct. Having purchased Mr Paint FS595C-36170 prior to Ra'anan's findings, I compared it with a RAL7012 colour chip, and found it correct in colour but a bit lighter than RAL7012. To provide proper contrast to it, I used Humbrol 140, FS36251, for the RAM panel areas. In addition to being unique in colour, the F-35's primary colour

A quick trim and the fit was improved

FS595C-36170 has a prismatic reflectance clear coat known as Have Glass. This colour was first applied to SAM Wild Weasel F-16s prior to its application on the F-35. Have Glass is a semi matt clear coat with fine clear crystals that provide a prism reflective appearance under direct lighting conditions. Mr Paint's Have Glass clear coat is applied only over the FS595C36170 grey colour, which requires that the RAM areas remain masked when sprayed on the model. Mr Paint released a Have Glass semi matt clear coat, catalogue number MRP-278, simultaneously with their release of FS595C-36170. In my spray application of this coating I found it best to dilute it with Mr Paint thinner in a ratio of 1:1. Under fluorescent light on the workbench the coating's prismatic sparkle is barely visible, but when viewed under ample lighting it sparkles like the real thing. A note on using Mr Paint products. Although each tall jar of paint comes with a metal ball inside, the pigment must be agitated from the bottom with a metal mixing stick. The paint flows smoothly when airbrushed and dries to a smooth semi gloss sheen when dry. Assembly and Painting The cockpit tub was spray painted Testors Model Masters 36375 Light Ghost Grey, with black

040” thick plastic card was used as a gap filler between the upper fuselage and horizontal stabilizers

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F - 35 L I G H T N I N G I I

Israel expects to have at least nine aircraft by November, and is expected to announce initial operation of the first squadron by 7th December. Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman described the aircraft as a significant and strategic addition to the Israeli Air Force

Excessive gaps between the lower wing, leading edge slats and flaps required further use of plastic strips

Masked inner vertical fin and exhaust nozzle RAM areas

.020” thick strips of plastic were needed to fill gaps between the radome and nose section Masked upper wing RAM areas

A sharp number eleven X-Acto blade, metal straight edge and pointed scissors were the instruments used to apply 23mm wide strips of Tamiya Tape over the RAM painted areas

This is a task that needs to be addressed in any scale and one that would be made simpler by the availability of a masking set. This view shows the extent of the work involved on the upper fuselage

The ejection seat painted up using Humbrol colours

Aft view of masked upper fuselage RAM areas

F-35I acceptance, 12th December 2016. This image shows how clearly defined the colours are around the fuselage. It’s not a task that can be overlooked

NOVEMBER 2017 • VOluME 39 • IssuE 09


3909 Lightening 60-62_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 12:18 Page 62

F - 35 L I G H T N I N G I I Another image that clearly shows the colour demarcations on the upper surface, as well as a hint of the reflective qualities of Have Glass

consoles. The instrument panel decal, 62, is larger than the plastic panel and clear acetate cover, so the decal was applied over the panel assembly. Covering the instrument panel with Delux clear Glue ‘n’ Glaze cement was a poor idea as it did not dry clear and my attempt at removing it with alcohol was only partially successful and tore the decal. Careful use of emerald green and dabs of white restored colour to the torn areas. The ejection seat was painted using Humbrol paints. Seatbelts were 53 Gunmetal, with 140 Grey latches, and cushions and head rest frame were 67 Tank Grey. The remaining parts of the seat were painted 33 Matt Black with an Emerald Green oxygen bottle and yellow and red details. The ejection seat, throttle and joy stick were left off for attachment during final assembly. Prior to cementing the upper and lower fuselage halves, fishing weights were added behind the rear cockpit and alongside the nose wheel well. Reflective lenses were cemented inside clear part 9H, using clear two part epoxy and once this had dried the clear area was brush painted flat black. With the upper and lower fuselage joined together, I turned to installation of the upper and lower engine fairings. The engine nozzle 27E stops short of its required location, leaving a two millimetre gap between the serrated edges of the nozzle and the serrated edges of the fuselage aft access doors. To enable the nozzle to travel further forward, the rectangular risers on top of the afterburner pipe 26E need to be trimmed off. The interior of the jet nozzle 27E was painted flat white with the petals Testors Model Master 1796 Jet Exhaust. It was given a wash of Tamiya X-19 Smoke followed with a Burnt Umber oil wash.

Step 17 followed, with attachment of the horizontal stabilizers H1 and H2 to the aft fuselage requiring .040 inch thick sheet plastic to fill a gap between the stabilizers and upper fuselage. Wing assemblies E1 and E2 overlap the fuselage, but the upper wing’s overlap flange is thin so to avoid melting the plastic, the wings were attached with cyanoacrylate cement. Attachment of the wing leading edge slats G1 and G2 and flaps F1 and F2 was reinforced with brass wire extending through two holes drilled between them. An excessive gap between the slats’ lower surface and the wings was filled with .010” by .020” plastic strip while between the wings’ trailing edges and flaps .010” by .030” plastic strip was used. At this stage the wing pylons were also test fitted for alignment, requiring enlargement of the pylon locating holes. The upper fuselage to wing joint required filler putty but at some point this cracked along the wing joint lines so cyanoacrylate cement was applied instead. Repeated sanding and application of cyanoacrylate cement to the joints failed to provide a smooth continuous contour, so on this model I tried something new for me, Mr Surfacer 1000. I airbrushed undiluted Mr Surfacer over the seam, let it dry for fifteen minutes and sanded it smooth with 1,000 grit wet sandpaper and it worked like a charm. The joint lines were eliminated, or so I thought. Handling the model by the wings caused additional cracking of the Mr Surfacer, which was sealed with repeated applications of Mr Paint white primer sanded smooth with 1,000 grit wet sandpaper.

Deliveries of F-35Is to Israel continue, with two additional fighters recently touching down in the country, bringing the number now in possession to seven as of mid September 2017. The aircraft will now undergo an integration process and will conduct initial operational testing in December

62 w w w. s c a l e a i r c r a F t m o d e l l i n g . co. u k

With the wing assembly completed, the radome was attached, requiring .020” by .020” strips of sheet styrene to be used as filler. The forward clear sensor turntable, step 29, part 6H, was drilled to accept blue and green reflector lenses. This was painted black and the lenses cemented with clear five minute epoxy glue and covered with clear sensor housing part 2H, which was also cemented in place with clear epoxy.

Painting The fuselage was sprayed with Mr Paint White primer, which revealed additional areas requiring sealing and sanding. Once complete, another coat was applied, with the upper wing root areas given three additional layers in order to cover the fuselage/wing joint lines as much as possible. With the white primer applied, a layer of Mr Paint FS.36251 Dark Gull Grey was applied over the entire fuselage. This is the colour I chose to depict the light grey RAM areas. After a couple of day's drying time, I began masking the RAM areas using Tamiya Tape. The kit's instructions do not depict all the RAM covered panel lines, so I had to use photos of the actual aircraft for accuracy. A sharp number eleven X-Acto blade, a metal straight edge and pointed scissors were the instruments used to apply 2-3mm wide strips of Tamiya Tape over the RAM painted areas.



A09183 1:48 – SUPERMARINE WALRUS MK.I First developed to a Royal Australian Air Force requirement for a catapult launched reconnaissance amphibious flying boat, the Walrus gained fame and respect not only for its usefulness but also its toughness.

SUPERMARINE WALRUS MK.I No 276 Squadron, Royal Air Force Harrowbeer, Devon, England, 1944.

SUPERMARINE WALRUS MK.I No 700 Naval Air Squadron, HMS Sheffield, 1941.

SUPERMARINE WALRUS MK.I No.5 CF Royal Australian Air Force, Australia and New Guinea, early 1943. Length 238mm Width 292mm Pieces 157


and all good retail stockists

Start as you mean to finish Official Product

5356AX_AMW_A09183_ADS__July_2017.indd 1

07/06/2017 14:59

3909 Review 64-69.qxp_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 15:38 Page 64



supermarine spitfire Mk II By Andy McCabe

Kit No: 03959 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


Messerschmitt bf 109G-6 By Karl Robinson

Kit No: 03959 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Pocketbond/Squadron


ne of the first questions I ever hear when a kit like this is released is, ‘Why another 109 kit, why not do a Koolhoven 51


his is not a new tooling and in fact dates back to 1994, which is clearly marked on one of the wings.

The box contains three sprues of light grey/off white and one clear sprue of injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one colour assembly, marking and painting booklet. Colour call outs are for Revell paints. Surface detail and panel lines are raised, which identifies the kit as a relatively old one. The decal sheet contains markings for one aircraft on it. The build begins by spraying all of the interior parts with Humbrol 78 Aircraft Grey-Green and then applying a dark wash to the parts. Next it was a case of painting the individual parts, such as the pilot’s seat and bulkhead, instrument panel and joystick, and then gluing them to the side walls. The instrument panel has raised dials but there is a decal supplied for it. There are also decals for the seat belts. The interior is fairly basic but looks good enough, and very quickly the two fuselage halves were glued together. The oil cooler radiators were inserted into the wings and the wings were assembled, this then slots into place on the fuselage and the two tail instead?' Well the simple answer is that 109s, like Spitfires and Hurricanes, all sell extremely well time and time again. With success such as this it is inevitable that each manufacturer wants their own piece of that pie as a Tamiya kit makes no money for Airfix, and a Revell kit none for Italeri, and so on. So we end up with multiple variants of the same aircraft from every manufacturer out there. With so many different variants of the airframe and so many manufacturers kitting up many of them, the market for Messerschmitt Bf 109s is probably one of the most competitive in the aviation model kit world. With this kit HobbyBoss have decided to release this latest G6 variant in their 1/48 Easy Assembly range aimed more towards the newer modeller or returnee to the hobby, although it can still suit the more seasoned modeller too. Despite being Easy Assembly there are a total of seventy six parts making up the kit along with two decalling options. As is to be expected of a new kit these days, all surface detail is recessed and is actually very well refined. One of the nicest aspects of the kit is that all of the sprue gate attachments are on the joining faces and not marring the outer detailed surfaces on any of the parts. This does mean that proper clean-up of these attachment points is especially essential for a good fit overall. I have not burdened myself with looking into the

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planes slot into place on the tail. The windscreen and canopy were masked and glued into position and the model was given a coat of grey primer. Any gaps were filled and the the underside was sprayed with Mr Hobby H335 Medium Sea Grey, followed by Tamiya XF-82 RAF Ocean Grey and then the Dark Green, Mr Hobby H73. The decals were applied without any problems. One version can be modelled: • Spitfire Mk IIa, 71 Eagle Squadron, Royal Air Force, North Weald, August 1941

Conclusion This is not the most detailed 1/48 Spitfire on the market but despite its age assembly is straight forward and the parts fit together very well and very quickly. The end result is a decent model of the Spitfire for those who choose not to work with etched or resin additions, and at the end of the day it looks like the mighty Spit and that is all that counts.

accuracy of the kit or anything like that, and am just planning on enjoying the build for what it is. If you are suffering from AMS (Advanced Modellers Syndrome) or seeking absolute perfection in a kit, you are probably looking in the wrong place. I am sure that the experts out there will happily relish picking this kit apart like fried chicken at a BBQ, gnashing about every possible single flaw, but overall I am happy enough with what the manufacturer has provided. Starting things off the cockpit is made up of seventeen parts, which all fit well and automatically align to avoid any misfitting when sitting them into the fuselage halves, making things very simple. Overall the cockpit is a fair representation of the real thing, and when painted up nicely and decalled it will suit all but the most fussy of us just fine. In order to maximise the mouldings for different variants the engine cowlings and blisters are moulded as separate inserts, which slot onto the nose section. This is the only area of the kit that requires some careful attention in that the panels do not sit fully flush requiring a little sanding down of the inner corner surfaces to drop them flatter into the recesses. In addition some careful positioning of each panel is needed as they are very slightly smaller than the gap provided, and this will even out any gap across all four outer edges. If you are not happy

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with any of the gaps then simply run around the edges with some white glue, quickly removing the excess with a damp cotton bud or similar, leaving the glue in the recesses to fill them in. Overall the main construction is simple and conventional with the cockpit sandwiched between two vertically separated fuselage halves that fit down onto a single piece lower wing section with upper wing halves on each side. After all, why attempt to reinvent the wheel when you don’t need to? All fit very well with only a small amount of filling and sanding required around the underside rear join of the wing to the fuselage. Many of the small parts such as mass balances, aerials and undercarriage can easily be left off until after painting and decalling to avoid damage or loss during the necessary handling during these stages. It is a shame that the pitot tube on the wing leading edge is not a separate part instead of being moulded into place as I continually kept catching and bending it. It finally succumbed to a snag and broke off completely during painting the final camouflage colour, needing a hasty repair. If I was to build the kit again I would carefully slice it off the leading edge at the beginning and drill a hole in order to refit it at the end of the build. Fitting the propeller and spinner assembly is simple but does not employ the standard method of slotting onto a central pin. Instead it fits over an open ended fuselage with a small inner lip around the circumference. It is a firm enough push fit that you do not need to glue it in a fixed position, but don’t expect it to spin if you blow on it! Both the closed one piece and the open two piece canopy options are provided. Having a single piece closed one means that you do not have any unsightly gaps or uneven joins to deal with when it is closed up. Two aircraft options are provided in the kit, both being RLM 74/75 over RLM 76 finish including fuselage mottling. The primary option also includes RLM 02 mottles although this is not mentioned. A nice two sided A4 colour sheet is

provided for the markings but the two main colours for the camouflage are printed much too close to each other tonally, nothing like the real ones, and finding a distinction between them on the diagrams is extremely difficult. I sourced a far better colour reference from an Eduard kit featuring the same aircraft I modelled, but there are also plenty of online references of both aircraft that can be quickly found with a simple Internet search. Despite the colour issue the other information is clear and perfectly adequate in terms of decal labelling and positioning. Despite much maligning of HobbyBoss decals on Internet forums and such, I have yet to encounter any issues in terms of them being poor quality. I have always found that they are very easy and forgiving to apply, and require only small amounts of decal solution in order to perfectly settle into all and every recessed detail with no silvering and no visible decal film.

Conclusion So how does it all shape up? As the brand suggests, the construction is easy and pain free without being too simplified overall, in fact there are pretty much as many parts in this kit as some other manufacturers’ versions. Lovely surface detail means it is a great quick canvas for painting. It is certainly a sound kit for those cutting their teeth in the hobby and getting used to things. Would I go out and buy one myself? Probably not I’m afraid. This is certainly not to say in any way that it is a bad kit, but very much the opposite. As stated previously the 109 market is extremely competitive and Eduard recently set the bar at stratospheric levels with their new G-6 kit, which on the whole is a much better package for those wanting a bit more from their kit at an equivalent price. That being said though, if you are starting out modelling or returning then this could very well be the kit for you in terms of ease of construction.



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MercuryRedstone I By Andy McCabe

Horizon follows on from their Convair Atlas, Mercury Atlas and Mercury Spacecraft releases and contains three sprues of grey injection moulded plastic, two etched metal frets, two decal sheets and one assembly/marking/painting booklet. The build commences by opening holes in the booster parts and attaching items that cannot be fitted from the exterior. The four booster assembly halves are then joined together and the seams cleaned up. It is important to get this right as they are long joints and can take a lot of cleaning up if the two halves are mismatched. The Albion Alloys Flex-i-file is the perfect tool for this as it bends to the surface when sanding and does not leave a flat surface. This is one of the handiest tools in my box. The four sets of fins are then assembled and fitted to the booster. The launch stand is then assembled and the photo etch parts glued to it. The booster sits very nicely on this and is a very nice little assembly on its own. The booster was given a coat of whiter primer followed by a couple of coats of Appliance White, and then the lower sections were masked off and sprayed Satin Black. The decals were then applied. These are excellent and settle really well, transforming the model from a white tube to a proper rocket booster model. The kit contains parts and decals to make any one of three Mercury-Redstone versions:

Kit No: 2004

• MR-BD 24th March 1961

Scale: 1/72

• MR-3 5th May 1961

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic

• MR-4 21st July 1961

Manufacturer: Horizon Models www.horizon-models.com

The Mercury Capsule was now assembled, painted, decalled and fitted to the main airframe.


he Mercury-Redstone made history on 5th May 1961 when it propelled Astronaut Alan B. Shepard into space, the first American to do so, whilst strapped into the capsule mounted atop of the Redstone Booster MRLV. This short venture into space lasted a mere five minutes of weightlessness before it was time to re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere and land back in the Atlantic Ocean. This feat was repeated some months later when Virgil Grissom was launched into space aboard Liberty Bell 7. The Mercury-Redstone was 25.5m in length, 1.78m in diameter and had a range of 400 miles and was powered by a single Rocketdyne A-7 Engine rated at 78,000lb thrust being fed by Ethyl Alcohol Liquid Oxygen. This new kit from

Conclusion Having been fortunate enough to review all of the previous releases from Horizon Models I did not think twice at snapping this one up. It is every bit as good as the previous builds and is a superb representation of the Mercury-Redstone rocket. The kit, like the previous ones, is superbly moulded and fits together well. The decals are again superbly printed and finish off an excellent model. Horizon are gradually expanding their portfolio so maybe one day we will see the Saturn 5 released by them, and how about a new shuttle then? One can only hope!

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Focke Wulf FW190 D9 By Ade Bailey

Kit No: 03930 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


ere’s a confession to start this review – since returning to the hobby four years ago, I have not built a Revell kit. So this was my starting point, my only memory of the German manufacturer is in the very distant past, throwing their aircraft together in hours as a boy. My builds as a functioning adult have more or less been confined to the newer Eastern European and Japanese manufacturers, so it was

with great curiosity I set about this new representation of the Luftwaffe’s final incarnation of the FW190 series. Four sprues of grey plastic and one clear make up the kit, along with two marking options, both from the very last months of the war. It was at this early point in the unboxing process that I discovered something very interesting. Each sprue clearly bore the Eduard logo. This was indeed a rebox of the kit from the Czech Republic’s finest, so what could possibly go wrong? No surprises as we get straight into the cockpit, with the tub, seat, stick, pedals and firewall/instrument panel. There are two options for the dials, either a nice subtle decal fixed to a flat panel or a raised moulding to paint. I chose the former. Once primed, black-based and given the RLM 66 treatment, the cockpit looked very nice indeed. The kit comes with decals to represent the seatbelts but these are not good and I resorted to my stash of Eduard STEEL belts. The next part of the build is probably the most time consuming - the option to have the interior of the gun bay open. Several stages allow you to construct the bay and the rear portion of the engine and have them open to inspection. I decided not to go that route as I am never that confident that I have the skills to make this super detail open

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to scrutiny. Also I have had issues with early Eduard FW190s before and the fit of that whole upper cowl area has tended to be a problem on a lot of their versions of this aircraft. So it was a quick closeup of the fuselage, minus most of the internal parts. Even without the extra items the fit of this area was problematic, requiring some filling, trimming and sanding, also justifying my decision not to attempt to open everything up. Having said that, good luck and much respect if you do go down that route and make it work. Next up, the wheel bays go together nicely with not too much fuss, with the upper wings fitting effortlessly to the bottom wings. The wells were painted the usual RLM02 and given an oil wash to bring out the details. Once the tailplanes were on it was almost time to get the main colours started. Before that, I masked up the front canopy and fixed it using Glue 'n' Glaze and then used one of the spare rear canopies (there are four) tacked in placed with superglue, to seal the cockpit temporarily. With the wheel wells masked also, I then primed in Tamiya grey and preshaded the panel lines in Tamiya XF1. My current go-to paints are the ever expanding Hataka acrylic range and for this build it was the Late Luftwaffe set used. Starting with the upper wings, I sprayed

them RLM75 (grey-violet) letting the preshade remain visible at the panel lines. Once dry, I free handed the camouflage with RLM83 (dark green) and allowed that to dry. The Hataka version of RLM83 is a very lurid shade and required some work, so I darkened some of it with Tamiya Nato Black and then sprayed around the edges where it met the grey-violet and also along the panel lines, leaving just the bare minimum of the original coat showing. This was repeated for the upper cowling and the tail planes. The main body and underside were sprayed RLM76 and then post shaded in the panel centres with RLM76 with a drop or two of white added. The tail then required mottling, so I used my preferred method of roughly applying the two colours in a random pattern, then retouching the RLM76 around the blotches until I get a subtle effect I’m happy with. I will say at this point that the accuracy of colours and precision of application for an aircraft at this point in the war isn’t really something to get hung up on. The Luftwaffe was really at a make-do stage in the final months of 1945, with less than standard quality of paints and application of same. As you can see from the pictures, I’ve taken a little bit of artistic license with my finished scheme. The final bit of the overall paint job was to apply the Reich Defence

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REVIEWS bands. There are some quite adequate decals for both marking options and I utilised the red/yellow one for this build. It took some settling down and didn’t seem to have the length to cover the whole circumference of the fuselage, maybe down to my error, I’m not sure? Anyway I got it to set properly, just don’t lift the kit and inspect the underside. Once the main paint job was dry, it received a coat of Humbrol Gloss Cote before decalling. Most of the decals went on perfectly, though one of the upper wing crosses came apart and left a less than perfect finish. Again, don’t inspect too closely. Once the decals were set I had two options for weathering, either a pin wash or a sludge and remove wash. I opted for the latter using the marvellous Florey Black clay based product. Within a few minutes, you have a very pleasing finish to your panel lines and rivets, indeed it was the number of subtle details on this kit that swung me in favour of the Florey wash. After matt varnishing, final touches of Humbrol Rust weathering powder along selected joins added to the worn look. The undercarriage went together with absolutely no dramas, as did the prop and spinner. The striking spiral decal on the spinner was very simple to apply and settled down

nicely with a touch of Micro Sol. The temporary canopy was removed and the permanent one had the head rest/slide mechanism inserted using Glue 'n' Glaze, then was masked and sprayed. I had also removed the gun barrels at an early stage and set them aside for reattaching at the end of the build. These were fitted back on and followed by the various antennae around the aircraft. A neat HF aerial made from EZ Line topped off the build.

Conclusion This was a highly enjoyable and quick build, helped by the fact I didn’t spend time working on the interior bays. If you were so inclined, this could be a real show stopper of a kit with cowling top open and wing bays also on display. I believe this is one of quite a few reboxings Revell are producing now from various manufacturers and the fact these sprues are from the Eduard stable made for a relatively pain free experience. As mentioned previously, this period of the war allows for a fair degree of interpretation on colours, enabling the modeller not to be too constrained by convention and I took full advantage of this when finishing this.



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IPMS (UK) Column Presented By Chris Ayre


guess it’s my age, as they say that time appears to go faster as you get older, but 2017 seems to be flying by. There should be another issue of this magazine out around the time of Scale ModelWorld 2017, but this being the November issue it’s time to make sure that you are all up to speed with your preparations for The World’s Greatest Model Show, SMW 2017! So first things first. You do know the dates, I’m sure, but no harm in a quick reminder that you need to have the weekend of 11-12th November free of all other considerations, birthdays, anniversaries, weddings, etc., and you need to be heading for The International Centre (TIC) in Telford, Shropshire. Now I do realise that there are a few poor souls who still think that Telford is in the back of beyond but as I never tire of telling people, this is certainly far from the case. One of the reasons that TIC has become such a popular venue is that it is so easy to reach, being very close to the M54 motorway and approximately twenty minutes from Junction 10 of the M6. According to the ever reliable Google Maps, Birmingham Airport is a forty minute drive from the venue and if you avoid the Friday afternoon crawl you can drive from Central London in less than two and a half hours. Okay, it’d take you over six hours to drive from Aberdeen but I don’t think that’s too bad all things considered (I have lived on the Moray Firth) and you can always fly to Brum. For that matter, there are three other international airports well within a couple of hours drive from Telford. No excuse for not attending. Having said all that, you of course will

have already made your plans... I should mention that if you have only recently considered the (very commendable) idea of spending the whole weekend at SMW (and why wouldn’t you?) then you really need to get your accommodation sorted. I suggest you get a move on and consult t’internet search engines as soon as possible. The hotels close to the venue usually sell out before the end of the previous Scale ModelWorld but you may strike lucky as cancellations do occur. The next thing to point out are the admission prices, £12.00 Saturday and £10.00 Sunday for adults, with concessions £8.00 and £7.00 respectively. A two day adult pass is £20.00. Accompanied children under sixteen years get in free. However I must also emphasise that if you are a IPMS member it will cost you absolutely nothing to get in. In addition, members will also be allowed in a full hour before the general public (just think of the bargains to be had) and will also get priority access to the Kit Swap for even more bargains. Don’t get me wrong though, as there is so much more to SMW than tracking down those bargains but let’s face it, this is one massive shopping opportunity. There will be over two hundred trade stands in addition to the similar

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The latest issue of the IPMS (UK) Society magazine

number of Branch and Special Interest Group displays, including several from overseas so bring dosh! A major part of the show is of course the IPMS (UK) National Competition. This is in fact a truly international contest, with work on show from the best modellers from around the world (all IPMS members) and the Society competition is

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SCALE COMMUNIT Y certainly inspiring. For those of you with a competitive nature, something I don’t really possess, the skills showcased here will definitely give you something to aspire to. If you are one of the hundreds of modellers intending to enter 'The Nats' this year, here is another reminder. Please ensure that you read the rules and check carefully and make sure that your model is entered into the correct class and complies with the guidelines for that class. Rules are strictly enforced and I know that several superb models were disqualified in 2016 due to simple infringements. To ensure you avoid this in 2017 take a good look at the rules, which were published in Issue 4/2017 of the IPMS Magazine and are available to download from the IPMS (UK) website which can be found at ipmsuk.org/ipms-scale-modelworld/scalemodelworld-forms/. Registration of models must be completed in advance by 1st November at the latest, the only exceptions being to the Junior Classes and for new IPMS (UK) members joining on the first morning of the show. Entry forms were published in the recent IPMS magazine (as above) and may also be downloaded from the IPMS website. Finally a note for non IPMS members from the Competition Secretary: ‘The SMW Competition is not an Open Competition and a prerequisite of entry is current Membership of the IPMS, either (UK) or Overseas.’ As a taster, a small selection of the 2016 Aircraft Class winners is shown here.

Middle Wallop, SO20 8DY, holds its Aircraft Enthusiast Fair and Model Show on Sunday 19th November. Open from 10.00am to 3.00pm, the usual museum admission price of £12 is reduced to £7.50 on the day and includes the event, with some seventeen model clubs and eighteen trade stands laid out amongst the exhibits. Organiser Mark Roberts can be contacted on 01264 334779 or by email at [email protected] The museum website is www.armyflying.com. A week later Sunday 26th sees the Bristol BMSS Bugle Call, which being organised by a Branch of the British Model Soldier Society may at first glance appear to be somewhat specialist. I am assured however that this show covers all genres of modelling and, that being the case, I can tell you that the place to be is Nailsea School in North Somerset, BS48 2HN, where doors open at 10.00am. For further details you may email Kevin Peart [email protected] and check out the Bristol BMSS website at www.bmssbristol.org.uk.

If you have never visited SMW before, I’ll just reiterate that you are in for a treat. This is a big event, filling the whole of the International Centre, and really needs attendance for at least a whole day to appreciate all that there is to see properly. The main display for 2017 is a celebration of the seventieth anniversary of the United States Air Force, coordinated by the USAF SIG and situated near the main event entrance in Hall 3. Close by is a seated catering area and the Overseas display section is also situated in Hall 3. The Kit Swap will be in its now familiar location in Hall 4 and the Competition Area above the foyer. As the show takes place over Remembrance weekend, there will be the usual, very moving, ceremony on the Sunday. One last thing - the IPMS (UK) Annual Dinner takes place in the adjacent Holiday Inn hotel on the Saturday evening and all are welcome. Cost and menu details can be found in the latest issue of the IPMS Magazine (5/2017) or you can contact the hotel directly on 01952 527388 to book. I’ll stop now and let you investigate further for yourselves.




Well I won’t go on about it but fairly obviously November is dominated by Scale ModelWorld, 11-12th in case I haven’t mentioned it... There are a couple of other shows of interest later in the month however. The Museum of Army Flying at

Membership enquiries: Cliff Bassett, West Barn, Duken Lane, Wootton, Bridgnorth, Shropshire WV15 6EA

Until next time, enjoy your modelling.

Email: [email protected] or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join online.

Seaking HC.4 Thanks to one of our readers for some images received of Seaking HC.4s following on from Keith Peckover’s article on the 1/72 Airfix kit in the August 2017 issue of SAM. They show some of the mods fitted for service in Afghanistan. You can see how the personnel door on the port side is permanently modified for the GPMG.. Also, the aerial run has been removed from the port side - this was because they kept breaking! A number of additional aerials/ECM fittings can be seen on the spine and by all accounts the aircraft have had the winching kit and aircraft heaters removed to save weight. Many thanks for sharing these images.



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M A R K E T P L AC E PEREGRINE PUBLISHING P-75A Eagle Walk Around CD By Steve Muth This CD on the P-75A Eagle features detail colour photographs aimed at the scale modeller and aero enthusiast. Published in word and

EDUARD Mostly 1/48 from Eduard this month in their core etched brass range, with Kitty Hawk's UH-1D getting a full broadside. Of particular note are items for the brand new tooled Fw 190A-4 by Eduard themselves, a kit that is bound to prove popular as it combines all the best of Eduard’s engineering and attention to detail without the complexity of the earlier Fw 190 releases. In 1/32 Wingnut’s Fokker D.VII gets the treatment with three sets, while Zvezda’s MiG-29 is the chief beneficiary in 1/72. 1/32 32914 Fokker D.VII for Wingnut

FOXBOT Two new sheets for the Su-24 have been released by Foxbot, including an aircraft in a very striking digital camouflage scheme. Both of these sheets are labelled as part of the manufacturer’s Warriors of Light series and as such we are advised are part of an effort to raise funds for restoration of Ukrainian Air Force machines, with part of the proceeds donated. The UK importer is Hannants. 48028 Ukrainian Dragons Su-24M Sized for the Trumpeter kit, this set offers individual markings for five

JPEG format for near universal access and simplicity, the author presents this unique aircraft in clear detail photographs of the cockpit, landing gear, wheel wells, intake and exhausts and other details of interest. These CDs follow on from the acclaimed twelve page booklets and other previously published CDs by Peregrine Publishing. The photographs were taken of the P-75A Eagle at the National Museum of the United States Air Force outside Dayton, Ohio both before and after restoration and therefore show the cockpit and wheel wells as they were in 1945-46. The photographs were taken with the cooperation

Wings kits 33176 Fokker D.VII seatbelts for Wingnut Wings kits JX205 Fokker D.VII for Wingnut Wings kits 1/48 48934 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E exterior for Kitty Hawk Model kits 48935 Bell UH-1D cargo interior for Kitty Hawk Model kits 48936 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 landing flaps 1/48 for Eduard kits 48937 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 for Eduard kits 49858 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E interior 1/48 for Kitty Hawk Model kits 49860 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs123B-1 for Gas Patch Models kits 49861 Bell UH-1D for Kitty Hawk Model kits aircraft in either Light Ghost Grey or Medium Grey over white schemes. A full set of stencilling is also provided, with the instruction sheet opening to A3 to provide a large placement diagram. Aircraft depicted are from the recent conflict between Russia and Ukraine. 48029 Su-24M Ukrainian Air Forces Digital Camouflage Again aimed at the Trumpeter kit, this set offers markings for two aircraft in the striking digital camouflage scheme. www.foxbot.com.ua

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of the museum staff, thus assuring adequate access to the cockpit and other details. This CD will make an excellent reference for those P-75 kits now on the market and captures this unique aircraft in all its glorious detail. Priced at an affordable $12.00 each including postage, plus $12.00 postage outside the USA, these CDs may be ordered from Steve Muth, Peregrine Publishing, 70 The Promenade, Glen Head, NY 11545, USA. Telephone (516)7591089 or email at [email protected] Payment by cheque on a US bank in dollars or PayPal.

49864 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II for Meng Model kits EX562 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E masks for Kitty Hawk Model kits EX563 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs123B-1 masks for GasPatch Models kits EX564 Bell UH-1D masks for Kitty Hawk Model kits EX565 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 masks for Eduard kits FE858 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E ZOOM set for Kitty Hawk Model kits FE859 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E seatbelts STEEL for Kitty Hawk Model kits FE860 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs123B-1 seatbelts STEEL for Gas Patch Models kits FE861 Bell UH-1D ZOOM for Kitty Hawk Model kits

FE862 Bell UH-1D seatbelts STEEL for Kitty Hawk Model kits FE863 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A seatbelts STEEL for Eduard kits FE864 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II ZOOM for Meng Model kits FE865 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II seatbelts STEEL for Meng Model kits 1/72 73613 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT for Zvezda kits CX494 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT masks for Zvezda kits CX495 Fairey Fulmar Mk I/II masks for Special Hobby kits SS613 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT ZOOM set for Zvezda kits Creative Models/Hannants/ Squadron/Sprue Brothers

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fuselage guns for Eduard kits

Eduard’s Brassin range is aimed chiefly at their new Fw 190A-4 kit this month with cockpit, engine, wing gun bays and fuselage guns all offered in resin (see also News section this month).

648355 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 engine & fuselage guns for Eduard kits 648356 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A wingroot gun bays for Eduard kits


648359 North-American P-51D rear view mirrors for Airfix kits

648346 North-American P-51D Mustang cockpit for Airfix kits

648361 North-American P-51D gunsight for Airfix kits

648351 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 cockpit for Eduard kits


648352 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 engine for Eduard kits

Creative Models/Hannant/Squadron/Sprue Brothers

648354 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4

672160 GBU-43/B MOAB

WORLD WAR I ROUND UP By Dave Hooper Aviattic 1/32 Fokker E.V/ D.VIII Lozenge Cookies The latest sheets from Aviattic are designed for use on the Avis/MikroMir kit and coincide with the release of two markings sheets from Pheon Models, which given the rather uninspiring options provided within the kit is a pretty good move. The set, which is available as Factory Fresh or Faded, includes an A4 sized sheet on a clear back containing enough cookies for two models and a small sheet on white backed paper containing cable patches and rib tapes for the tail. The A4 sheet includes internal and external lozenge cookies as well as some internal wood effect decals. Having used Aviattic lozenge decals on many occasions and always having been pleased with their utility and final appearance I have no hesitation in recommending this sheet to anybody intending to build the Avis/MikroMir kit and I look forward to tackling mine. Many thanks to Richard Andrews of Aviattic for this review sample. British Aircraft of World War I Experimental Fighters Part One Author: Colin Owers Publisher: Aeronaut Publications ISBN: 978 19358 815 68 Format: Paperback, 154 pages Finding information on well-known aircraft types such as the Camel and Se5a is not too difficult in this day and age with scores of books on the subject as well as magazine and Internet articles. It’s much more difficult to find more than one or two photos of the lesser known aircraft that failed to make the final cut for whatever reason and this book attempts to rectify this. This first volume consists of five chapters, which overall cover eight aircraft including the Austin Osprey, Boulton & Paul Babolink, Nieuport B.N.1, Vickers F.B16, Bristol M.R.1, Westland N.1, Westland Weasel and Sopwith Snipe. Hang on, I hear you say. Why the Snipe? Because the Snipe was the successful candidate of the Air Board's specification type A1a, which is covered in Chapter One. Each chapter of this book is probably best treated as a separate entity as I can’t find a logical

chronological or alphabetical reason why they are ordered in the way that they are. Other than the chapter on Specification A1a all other aircraft types have been given their own separate chapter. I was particularly interested in the two Westland aircraft as Westland is local to me although I found the authors consistent incorrect spelling of Yeovil slightly irritating. This is one of those reference books that I think most people will leaf through rather than read avidly from cover to cover. I’ve really found the contents of this book inspiring and would recommend this as a must buy for any modellers interested in building some of the lesser known British Aircraft of World War I. Many thanks to Jack Herris of Aeronaut Publishing for this review copy. Aviattic Lieutenant Werner Voss 1/32 Figure and 1/32 Voss Decal Sheets As I write this review, one hundred years ago today, six SE5as of B Flight of 56 Squadron led by British fighter ace James McCudden came upon a lone Fokker Triplane, which had already dispatched two SE5as. What followed was one of the most famous air battles of World War I, which eventually lead to the death of one Germany’s top fight pilots, Werner Voss. To commemorate this battle and the man at the heart of this story Aviattic has released a host of products. At the heart of these releases is a new 1/32 figure of the man himself. Cast in resin it comes in four parts and captures the likeness of Voss extremely well. In addition to the figure, Aviattic have also released two special sets of cookie sheets depicting the streaked finish of the Fokker F.1 prototype, accurate to Voss’s aircraft of the day, 103/17. The sets are available as streaks on a clear backing, or if you prefer on a pale blue backing. Finally Aviattic has released a decal sheet in 1/32 depicting known aircraft that Voss flew, including his famous Albatros D.III and of course F.1 103/17. This is an amazing set of products, designed for use with the Roden kit or Encore reboxing, and well worth taking a look at if you want to build a really accurate depiction of Voss and his Fokker prototype in 1/32. www.aviattic.co.uk



Guideline DPS SEPT18.qxp_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 20:46 Page 77


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Guideline DPS SEPT18.qxp_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 20:44 Page 74

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Royal Air Force Transport Command was indeed a “silent service”, undertaking its allotted tasks with little public recognition, and perhaps it is about time that those who served in the Command received the wider recognition that they undoubtedly deserve.


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3909 Stash in the attic 78-79.qxp_Scuttlebutt 16/10/2017 11:51 Page 78


By Trevor Pask

Kit No: 09834 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Hasegawa Amerang/Hobbico Aftermarket: Eduard photo etched set FE358


he Mitsubishi Zero is an aircraft that needs little introduction. The aircraft that was seemingly invincible in the earlier stages of the Pacific War later became outnumbered and outclassed by far superior allied types. It is often commented that to the Japanese the Zero is as the Spitfire is to the British, but the analogy is more poignant. Both aircraft became associated with the hopes and aspirations of a nation; the fate of the Spitfire was not a crushing total defeat. A little goes a long way. Eduard’s Zoom fret makes a big difference to the cockpit

For some reason, I have never previously attempted a World War II Japanese subject. I think I am not alone in this, as clearly German subjects are more popular among European and American modellers than Japanese ones. I suspect that there are lot of deep rooted cultural reasons for this, not the least being the fact that the war against the Japanese was especially ferocious with long lasting effects. I always think of the incident concerning a Zero that was restored by the Confederate Air Force in the United States. That aircraft was subject to several acts of vandalism, which could have resulted in its loss if flown. The suspected reason was that some members could not bear the thought of an enemy aircraft flying in their collection. Oddly, the German aircraft in the collection have never been subject to the same feelings or treatment. Personally I believe that building a model or

The overall fit of parts is excellent as witnessed by the quickly completed airframe with minimal filling

Just a touch of filler was used underneath at the join of the wing to fuselage

78 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

restoring a full size aircraft does not condone anything that happened in history, and if anything it can help us understand the past a little better. Despite its relative lack of popularity in some areas, the Zero has always figured highly in kit manufacturers’ ranges, especially so for obvious reasons with Japanese companies such as Fujimi, Hasegawa and Tamiya. These companies produce several Zero kits, and one of the more readily available in Britain at least is the Hasegawa version. Typically for this manufacturer, extensive use is made of a set of generic sprues, with the same basic kit being available in several versions. I used the Type 21 trainer version for this project partly because it was bought for me as a present, but also because I wanted to try to replicate the very battered and worn finishes that Japanese aircraft often had in World War II. A trainer version of the Zero was more than likely to be a well-used ex front-line aircraft, and had it survived towards the end of the war, it would have looked very worn indeed. The Hasegawa kit first appeared in the mid 1990s and is a very accomplished piece of moulding. The trainer version comes with an optional white metal tail wheel and guidance to cut back a portion of the underside rear fuselage to represent a field modification some trainer

3909 Stash in the attic 78-79.qxp_Scuttlebutt 16/10/2017 11:51 Page 79


Zeros received in order to cope with rough landings from trainee pilots. The cockpit detail is functional, but to make the best of this area I obtained the relevant Eduard Zoom photo etch set, which contained the necessary seat belts and other features. The kit can be built very rapidly and construction harboured no major pitfalls. Completing the cockpit interior with the additional photo etched components was the longest single element, and once this was finished the basic airframe came together rapidly. Some tiny spots of filler were required around the wing roots and on the underside at the wing/fuselage joint, but all of this work was very minor in nature. Halfords Grey Plastic Primer was used to prepare the model for painting and finishing, the stage of the project that both consumed the bulk of the time and provided the most satisfaction. Tamiya acrylics were used for the main colours and Humbrol enamels for the detail, but when the primer was dry, the first stage was to apply a coat of Halfords Aluminium. One of the better ways to replicate a heavily flaking and scratched finish is to distress the final surface layer of paint to reveal the metal finish underneath. For this technique to be successful, it is important to use a tough metallic paint as a base, and automotive paints from a range such as Halfords in Britain are a good option. The last thing a modeller would want is for the metallic layer to flake away as well. A Zero really would have been in trouble. Once the aluminium paint was fully cured, the grey undersides and green upper surface colours were applied. I used Tamiya XF-12 Japanese Navy Grey for the former and XF-11 Japanese Navy Green for the latter, both shades being applied by airbrush. The grey was applied first and allowed to dry for several days before the model was masked up in readiness for the green. Initially I used the shade as it came out of the jar, but once a base colour was on the model, I lightened the green with a little X-8 Yellow, and sparingly applied the new shade in random patches to simulate the fading operational aircraft often suffer. As soon as the green shade was touch dry I removed the masking and set about the weathering process. This is more easily done when the paint is not fully cured, hence the need to ensure that the silver underneath is fully hardened. I partly employed the traditional

technique of applying strips of adhesive tape to pull flecks of paint away at random. However in order to gain a little more control over the process, I also used a blunt cocktail stick to scratch paint away carefully from along panel lines and on areas such as the wing leading edges and cockpit sides where the wear would have been much greater. The reason why Japanese aircraft were often so worn in appearance was the poor quality of the paints available to the Japanese industry, and the tendency to apply surface colours directly to bare metal without a primer during the manufacturing process. Green shades were much more prone to flaking than greys and blacks, so the undersides and cowling areas were only lightly weathered with a little dry brushing. A few paint chips were also added to these areas with a silver artist’s pencil. The wheel wells and undercarriage were painted at this stage of the project. Many Zeros had a translucent blue lacquer painted directly on to the natural metal of the components in these areas. I simulated this with two coats of Humbrol 52 Baltic Blue over the Halfords Aluminium followed by a wash of heavily thinned matt black to highlight the recessed detail. Some Hasegawa and Tamiya decals can be problematic, but I experienced absolutely no problems with the images used on this project. Klear was used to prepare the surface of the model, but all the decals I used responded well to Micro Sol and the application process was near perfect. Some blending in of the decals was then carried out with a fine brush alternately charged with the silver or green paint, the intention being to illustrate where the paint from the markings had flaked off to reveal the base green colour, and other areas where the green had also flaked off to reveal the natural metal. A coat of Humbrol Matt varnish fixed everything together, and a brief low pressure dust of a mixture of Dark Earth and Olive Drab completed the model.

Distressing the paintwork by a variety of means

Aeromaster’s Warbird Acrylics range used to include a blue-black shade for Mitsubishi cowlings that was absolutely on the money. Sadly no longer available I wonder how many cherished bottles have been eked out over the years

The kit decals performed satisfactorily

Eduard’s Zoom fret as given

Final Word The kit was a pleasure to build and only needed the addition of a seat belt and a few details in the cockpit to round off what was already a near perfect product. I am a little ashamed that it took me so long to add such an iconic aircraft to my collection. Hopefully it will not take me as long to make another.



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A look at some of the latest publications received for review Edited by Ernie Lee Aviation History Colouring Book 88 Markings in Transition: RAF in the Far East 1941-43 – RAF Mohawk IVs Compiled, written and published by: Ian K Baker ISBN: 1322-0217 Format: Paperback, 24 pages The latest, and what may sadly be the last, in this superb series of self published booklets essentially covers the development of the camouflage scheme and markings of the Curtiss Mohawk Mk III and IV, Hawk H-75A-3 and H-75A-4, in RAF service. Complementing the wellresearched and detailed descriptive text, which also covers the myths and errors associated with the actual colours used on these aircraft, are the author’s well executed and wonderfully clear line drawings illustrating the camouflage patterns and national markings changes applied to the type, which were mainly operated by the RAF in the Far East, in India and Burma, by 5 and 155 Squadrons. Several contemporary black and white photos of the type are also included, again to illustrate the evolution of the markings’ changes. Literally everything you need to know about the colour schemes and markings carried by RAF Mohawks in the Far East Theatre of Operations is in this book, and as a bonus the last four pages take a look at the camouflage and markings of Fleet Air Arm Grumman Wildcat Mk Vs serving with the Eastern Fleet. It goes without saying that this book is unreservedly recommended for anyone with an interest in the RAF in general, the conflict in the Far East during World War II or Curtiss fighters in particular, and is just the sort of publication that is perfect for the modeller. Available from the author at Aviation History Colouring Book, 31A Mercer Street, Queenscliff, Victoria 3225, Australia. [email protected]

Neil Robinson Air War Archive The Experimental Units of Hitler’s Condor Legion German aircraft in action

during the Spanish Civil War Authors: Rafael A Permuy Lopez and Lucas Molina Franco Publisher: Frontline Books ISBN: 978 14738 789 18 Format: Paperback, 94 pages The third title in this relatively new series of books was originally a Spanish language publication printed in 2013, and covers the experimental use of the then new German aircraft types sent to Spain in late 1936/early 1937, such as the Bf 109, He 112, Do 17, Ju 86 and He 111, which initially served with the Versuchs (experimental) units before they were re-allocated to the more formal Fighter, Bomber and Reconnaissance /88 Wings. There is more text in this particular book compared with the previous two titles, as not only is there a more detailed narrative of the use and individual fates of the specific experimental types, but also a monthly day-by-day diary of ongoing events and actions during the conflict. Nonetheless there are still over 120 black and white photos, many of which I had not seen in print before, of the aircraft, their personal markings, the aircrew and the personalities who tested these experimental aircraft under operational conditions. Also included is an eight page colour section, with illustrations of some of the colour schemes and markings of the five aircraft types listed above, and one page of colour photos of uniforms and insignia from the Santiago Gullén Collection. Well researched, well written and containing an excellent selection of contemporary photos, I can wholeheartedly recommend this book to anyone interested in the Spanish Civil War. www.pen-and-sword.co.uk

Neil Robinson Polish Aircraft (1939) Instrument Panels Authors: Dariusz Karnas Publisher: Dariusz Karnas ISBN: 978 83652 814 01 Format: Hardback, 38 pages A somewhat unusual book in

80 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

that it merely (sic) features superb, full colour illustrations, and what appear to be factory/manufacturers’ photographs of the instrument panels of six Polish pre-war aircraft, PZL P.11c, PZL.37 Łoś , PZL.23 Karaś, Lublin R-XIII, RWD14 Czapla and PWS-26. Coverage of each aircraft starts with a brief description of the type, with a page or two of black and white photos followed by the instrument panel illustrations, each of which takes up a full A4 page with subsequent pages having enlarged illustrations of each of the individual instrument dials. All the aircraft types covered are available in kit form, some in both 1/72 and 1/48, and if you’re super detailing any on them then this book will be an absolute boon. I have got to admit I like the concept behind this book and would love to see it expanded to cover as many other aircraft types as possible. Recommended, especially for those who like super detailing. www.mmpbooks.biz

Format: Paperback, 82 pages This latest in the essential modellers series follows the now familiar pattern offering a concise history of the campaign, a selection of colour profiles of both Allied and Axis machines and six superb model builds by Steve A. Evans and Libor Jekl. The book encompasses the historical aspects of the aerial conflict over Italy from the Allied landing at Salerno on 3rd September 1943 through to the surrender and cessation of fighting by all Axis forces in Italy on 2nd May 1945. Easily the best modelling books on the market, designed by modellers for modellers, each book in the series is a one-stop reference to building a collection based on a specific campaign or theatre. Recommended! www.valiant-wings.co.uk

Neil Robinson

Air Defence from the Cold War to Confrontation

WK275 Authors: Guy Ellis Publisher: Grub Street ISBN: 978 19106 905 05 Format: Hardback, 160 pages WK275 is a unique historic airframe and the only Supermarine Swift F4 left in the world. The78 19106 905 05 aircraft spent forty six years outside an army surplus store before being purchased on eBay in 2012 and restored by Jet Art Aviation to static display condition. It now resides with Vulcan to the Sky This book covers the development of the Swift, which puts WK275 in context, then traces the heritage of that aircraft, its operational life, how it was acquired and finally the full story of its restoration with a plethora of detailed photographs, drawings and publicity images. www.grubstreet.co.uk

Airframe Extra Air War Over Italy Author: Patrick Branley Publisher: Valiant Wings ISBN: 978 09935 345 91

Polish Aircraft (1939) Instrument Panels

Authors: Steve Bond Publisher: Grub Street ISBN: 978 19106 904 06 Format: Hardback, 234 pages Ahe Gloster Javelin was the UK’s first line of night and allweather air defence both at home and in RAF Germany. In the 1950s, when it replaced the Meteor and Venom, this revolutionary bomber/interceptor became the focus of many great stories told here in great first hand detail. The author has interviewed a number of veterans, all with captivating tales of their time on the aircraft. Alongside their anecdotes is a detailed history of this unusual aircraft, accompanied by previously unpublished photographs. Starting from the first deliveries of Javelins in 1956 until the final withdrawal from RAF squadron use in 1968, the book describes operations in Cyprus, Singapore during the Indonesian Confrontation, and Zambia during the Rhodesian declaration of UDI. In this period a total of 434 Javelins were built, with their use spanning eighteen squadrons. www.grubstreet.co.uk

3909 NOV (Page 81).qxp_Layout 1 17/10/2017 20:35 Page 1

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Warpaint on the web

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Orders from the world’s book and hobby trade are invited

s accepted. ds ediit card All major cre ax or ephone, fa aced by mail,, tele s can be pla ers Orde deliinepubliications.co.uk) ebsite. (www..guide ough the we thro er se as s. Ove ng on alll orders age and packiin Plus posta a te . age at air maill priinted paper ra rs pay posta ers eade re

Unit 3, En nigma Building, Bilton n Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley Bucks MK1 1HW Te elephone: +44 (0)1908 270400, Fax: +44 (0)1908 270614, Email: [email protected]


3909 Page 82_Scuttlebutt 16/10/2017 15:38 Page 82

580 M O D E L L E R S

Sunday 10th September 2017 By Geoff Cooper-Smith


t’s evidently growing on us this one, as each year the attendance behind the table increases. It is easy to see why, as it is the right side of Birmingham, making it easily accessible and the venue, The Shire Oak Academy, is really quite suited to a model show as it has plenty of parking, is nicely laid out and the main hall has lots of natural light. This year it was difficult to fit everyone in, as we had no less than ten of the crew present. However our Haupttischmeister, Dave Foxall, worked his magic once again and everyone was happy with their representation and we put on a

varied and interesting display. (Un?)fortunately yet again we were sited opposite the Antics Temple of Temptation stacked high with discounted new releases, including the Airfix 100 Group Fortress, which were going like the proverbial hot cakes. Needless to say at least of couple of examples of this kit ended up underneath the 580 table. This is really a most unusual and interesting release as little is actually known about 100 Group and its operations compared with the bombing bit of RAF Bomber Command in World War II. For those who are unaware, 100 Group

undertook special duties, essentially electronic warfare and countermeasures to protect the bomber stream. Airfix have evidently hit the mark here and let’s hope they continue to mine the vein as the group had quite a mixed retinue of aircraft and tried out most at some point, including the Defiant. Anyway history lesson over and congratulations are due once again to the rather elegantly named Sutton Coldfield Model Makers Society and their legion of members who evidently all mucked in to make it such a success.

Updating the Dragon

By Show Dragon


t has been a while since the statistics for our adopted trader and adopted club were updated. So here, without further ado, is the news.

Or to put it another way Peter has spent just over fourteen days in his van to date at an average speed of approximately 51mph to accomplish the equivalent of 8.5 days of trading.

Traders Travels

Club Travels

Since the previous update Peter Bowyer of MAN Models has attended so many shows that it would take a page to list them. So instead Show Dragon will just have to report that since Darlington Military Modelling Society’s Sword & Lance on 8th April, Peter has attended no less than twenty two shows up to 12th September, which averages out at over five per month! Accomplishing this feat of endurance has meant adding over 12,000 miles and 244 hours of driving to his travel totals. He has spent 48.5 hours setting up and 33 hours taking down his mobile emporium in order to increase his time trading to 132.5 hours. He is still suffering from petty theft though, with a further four items having been stolen from various shows. His updated statistics means he is heading towards an absolutely astounding set of numbers for the end of the year:

In turn 580 Modellers appear to have been positively idle, although there have been some mitigating circumstances, or so they claim. A further three shows have been attended since the last update, Northern, Avon and Sutton Coldfield, and this has required an additional 1,070 miles and 17.5 hours of travel. Setting up for these shows has added six hours to the total, and taking down just 2.5 hours. The number of crew members attending a show has varied considerably from a low of two to a peak of nine, resulting in an additional twenty exhibitor days and 136 model days. Thus the totals for the year to date are:

Shows attended: Miles driven: Hours driving: Hours setting up: Hours trading: Stolen items:

33 17,354 337.5 79.0 204.5 10

Shows attended: Miles driven: Hours driven: Hours displayed: Set-up hours: Take-down hours: Exhibitor days: Model days:

10 2,236 46 51 18.8 9.8 70 356

And the 580 crew have spent barely two days in the car to date at an average speed of just

82 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

over 48mph to accomplish the equivalent of just over two days exhibiting.

Putting on a Show Looking at these latest updates for both a single trader and a single club, the scale of dedication and effort put in by these parties to ensure an organizer can put on a good show is starting to become apparent. But you need more than one trader and one exhibitor to put on a show I would suggest, and when you start to multiply these figures up by the number of traders and exhibitors required to make up a full show complement the numbers begin to become quite staggering. This then set Show Dragon to thinking what would the numbers look like for the Big Daddy i.e. Scale ModelWorld? But Show Dragon stopped such folly immediately for it was afraid that such a mind wouldn’t be able to even begin comprehending the mind boggling scale of it all. And there is another element to all this, and that is financial. It is relatively easy to do some basic calculations based on the numbers presented above to establish the cost of travel and the opportunity value of the time spent both travelling and attending shows on both an individual basis and as a club for a show. Show Dragon will await the end of the show season with interest and what the resulting calculations reveal.

The International Plastic Modellers Society was established in the United Kingdom over 50 years ago with the aim of promoting and supporting the hobby of plastic modelling and has developed into a truly global ‘model club’ with more than 60 international bodies. Come along and see for yourself at

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Senior Best of Show in 2016 Ferrari 330 P4-2/TB V/Stol ~ Daytona 1967 by 2016 National Senior Champion Stefano Marchetti Image © Chris Ayre

The International Centre Telford Shropshire TF1 4JH More than 400 exhibitors in 2017, including 200 trade stands and over 200 model clubs

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IPMS(UK) Thursday10/08/2017 18:02

3908 Page 72, 73, 84.qxp_Scuttlebutt 15/10/2017 19:53 Page 84


XTRADECAL GNew decals arriving from Hannants this month have included a very welcome set for the superlative Gaspatch Hs 123. We note with interest that Eduard have etch out for this particular kit this month, and wonder if there is any link between these two manufacturers’ output and the Editor’s failure to come up with Part Two of his build feature on the kit in a timely fashion... Also welcome in 1/72 is a new sheet for the Merlin, including some wizard schemes! 1/72 X72279 Agusta Westland Merlin Operators: Merlin HC.3 ZJ133/R Splatt 28(Army Cooperation) Squadron RAF Benson 2008 Merlin HC.3 ZJ125/J 28(Army Cooperation) Squadron RAF Benson 2008 Merlin HC.3A ZJ994/AC 28/78(Army Cooperation) Squadron RAF Benson 2010 Merlin HM.2 ZH857 CU/70 RN Luca Malta 2015 Merlin HM.1 ZH856 10/B RN Luca Malta 2014 Merlin HM.2 ZH836 RN at Fairford 2014

Merlin HC.4 ZJ122/F RN Yeovilton 2016 Merlin HC.3 ZJ119/C RN Yeovilton 2015 AW101 ZR343 RNAS Yeovilton 2015 CH-101 Mk 518 8192/92 Japanese Maritime SelfDefence Force aboard Antarctic survey vessel 2010 AW-101 Mk 641 ZR342 UK Test Serial IND05 prior to delivery to Indian Air Force 2012 AW-101 Mk 610 ZR331 MS-21 due for Algerian Naval Forces during trials at RAF St Mawgan 2011 EH-101 Mk 512 M-508 Rescue 08 ESK 722 R. Danish Air Force Karup 2009 EH-101 Mk .410 MM81494 2-15 Italian Navy La Spezia-Luni 2010 AW-101 (VVIP) Mk 643 ZR337 Turkmenistan Airlines 2013 AW-101 ZZ101 0262 Norwegian SAR Luftforsvaret 2016 Kawasaki MCH-101 Mk 518 8651/51 or 8654/54 both 111 Kokutai JASDF, Iwakuni 2010 AW-101 VVIP ZR337 Royal Nigerian Air Force 2015 EH-101-410UTY Merlin MM81494 2-15 1st



More excellent value from the Czech resin masters. Both the familiar yellow resin blister packs and the Quick and Easy range have something to offer this month, while the full resin kit of the German acoustic monitoring device will add a nice touch to any collection of Luftwaffe models for those who like to throw in the off piece of related ground equipment.

5122 A6M5c Zero Armament Set for Hasegawa kit

Grupelicot Marina Militaire La Spezia-Luni 2010 EH-101A Caesar ZR352 15-10 1st Brigata Aerea Operation Speciali Cervia Italy 2016 AW101 Leonardo R343 Republic of Indonesia Air Force 2017 Merlin EH-101 Mk 512 M-508 Rescue 08 ESK722 Royal Danish Air Force 2009 Merlin EH-101 Mk 410 X 72280 Henschel HS 123 A-1 & B-1: Hs 123A-1, Fliegergruppe 50 1938, special markings for Adjutant Lt. Hamann Hs 123A-1 L2+AC II.(Sch.)/LG 2, France 1940 Hs 123B-1 Red P, 10(Schl.)/LG 2 with yellow nose and rudder, Balkans Campaign Hs 123A-1, Adjutant 10(Schl.)/LG 2 with yellow fuselage band and wing tips, Russia 1941 Hs 123B-1 1-50 Regimento Mixto No 1, Alcala de Henares, Spain Xtradecal X48182 Henschel HSA 123 A-1 & B-1: Options as with X72280 above. www.hannants.co.uk

7367 Bf 109G-6 Cockpit Set for Airfix kit

Quick & Easy


7377 Fw 189A-2 Cockpit Set for ICM kit

Q32 281 Yak-3 Wheels Set for Special Hobby kit

7374 Ki-84-I(Ko) Hayate Cockpit Set for Hasegawa kit

7378 Fw 189A-1/2 Engine Set (port wing) for ICM kit


7375 Ki-84-I(Ko) Hayate Armament Set for Hasegawa kit

7379 Fw 189A-1/2 Undercarriage Bays Set for ICM kit

7376 Ki-84-I(Ko) Hayate Control Surfaces Set for Hasegawa kit

MV 118 Ringtrichter Richtungshörer Horchgerät German WW2 Acoustic Monitoring Device

7365 MA-1A USAF Start Cart

84 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K


F72 330 Barracuda Mechanics (Three figures) Q72 284 Fw 189A-1/-2 Main wheels Set for ICM kit Q72 285 Tucano T.1 Wheels Set for Airfix kit

3909 Masthead - Next Issue.qxp_Masthead / Next Issue 17/10/2017 11:21 Page 85



Next issue


Planned for the Scale Aircraft Modelling

November 2017 Proudly Celebrating 38 Years!

Volume 39 Issue 10: December 2017

www.guidelinepublications.co.uk Published by Guideline Publications & printed by Regal Litho Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 Distributed to the UK and International news trade by: Intermedia http://www.inter-media.co.uk/ via MarketForce (UK) Ltd. 110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU http://www.marketforce.co.uk/

Wattisham Rhino The Black Art of Making a Phantom FGR2 in 1/32 By Paul Carroll

Model Show Listing Compiled by Geoff Cooper-Smith of 580 Modellers For shows this coming month see the IPMS(UK) column. If you would like your show promoted in this listing then please contact Geoff at [email protected] or on 07841 417680. Saturday 28th October 2017 Letchworth Scale Model Club present Showcase 2017 at the Icknield Centre, Icknield Way, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, SG6 1EF. **NEW VENUE** Saturday 11th and Sunday 12th November 2017

Syrian Troubles… Smer’s Marcel Bloch 200 in 1/72 By Jonathan Burns

Australian Capital Territory Scale Modellers' Society present Scale Act 2017 at UC High School Kaleen, 108 Baldwin Drive, Kaleen, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia.

Walkaround F-82B Twin Mustang By Steve Muth

Saturday 11th and Sunday 12th November 2017

Chairman: Regis Auckland Worldwide Advertising: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Editor: Gary Hatcher, [email protected]

IPMS UK presents Scale ModelWorld at the Telford International Centre, Telford, Shropshire, TF3 4JH.

Assistant Editor: Karl Robinson Associate Editor: Neil Robinson Newsdesk: Colin 'Flying' Pickett Book Reviews: Ernie Lee News & Industry Editor: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Design: Lincoln Rodrigues House Artist: Mark Rolfe, [email protected] North American Contact: Larry Weindorf Post Office Box 21, Annandale, VA 22003 ph: 703-639-7316, [email protected] SAM Subscriptions, SAM Shop & Back Issues: Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 12 Months' Subscription UK: £49.50, Europe: £64.00 Rest of the World: £85.00 Air Mail Only, USA / Canada Subscriptions: $127.00 Larry Weindorf 2 York Street , Gettysburg PA 17325 USA Ph: 703-639-7316 e-mail: [email protected] Alternatively we can bill you and send an invoice for your 1 year subscription. Payment from overseas should be made by International Money Order or Bankers Draft drawn on the UK branch of the subscriber’s own bank. We also accept payment by Visa and Mastercard, Credit Cards or Delta debit cards, with full name, card number including 3-digit security code, issue number, and expiry date. The Legal Bits: This Magazine is copyrighted material! Scale Aircraft Modelling (ISSN 0956-1420) is sold through the news distribution trade subject to the condition that no material written or pictorial is copied from editorial or advertising pages without the written consent of the publishers. Guideline Publications accepts no liability for the contents of advertisements or the conduct of advertisers. Opinions expressed by authors and reviewers are their own and may not reflect those of the publishers. Unsolicited material sent for publication is welcome on the understanding that it may not be returned unless postage is provided. .

Aircraft in Profile Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 by Richard Mason With colour artwork and scale drawings by Mark Rolfe

Sunday 19th November 2017 Aircraft Enthusiasts Fair and Model Show at the Museum of Army Flying, Middle Wallop, Stockbridge, Hampshire, SO20 8DY. Sunday 26th November 2017 The Bristol Area Branch of the British Model Soldier Society in association with South West Figure Modellers present their annual show at Nailsea School, The Link, Mizzymead Road, Nailsea, North Somerset, BS48 2HN.

SIG 144 Scaling Down Vampires By Huw Morgan

Saturday 2nd December 2017 HaMeX 8 swapmeet and model show presented by Paul Fitzmaurice and Matt Irvine at Hanslope Village Hall, Newport Road, Hanslope, Buckinghamshire, MK19 7NZ.

Colour Conundrum The Truth about Late War Luftwaffe Camouflage? Part Two RLM 83

Saturday 2nd December 2017 Guideline Publications present the London Toy Soldier Show at Haverstock School, Camden Lock, London, NW3 2BQ. **NEW VENUE** Sunday 3rd December 2017

By Paul Lucas All this and more plus the latest from the Newsdesk, the continuing efforts of the Harrogate Model Club, and the usual Marketplace round up and showcases. Please note we receive a constant stream of interesting and informative articles, and in the interest of balanced and up to the minute coverage content may change at short notice. The above listing is provisional and may be subject to change.

Guideline Publications present the London Plastic Model Show at Haverstock School, Camden Lock, London, NW3 2BQ. **NEW VENUE** Saturday 9th and Sunday 10th December 2017 The Model Show 2017 at Poynton Leisure Centre, Yew Tree Lane, Poynton, Stockport, Cheshire, SK12 1PU.



3909 Hannants DPS_3405 17/10/2017 18:05 Page 86

NEW DECALS X48183 Begemot BT4847 1:48 Russian Naval Aviation, type 2010 Lettering. Various styles and sizes. Boa Decals BOA144106 1:144 Embraer ERJ-190 Helvetic Airways (Revell) BOA144107 1:144 Embraer ERJ-190 Alitalia Cityliner (Revell)


£5.99 £5.99

DP Casper DPC48014 1:48 Indian Fighters 2000-2017 (10 x camouflage schemes)


Dutch Decal DD72089 1:72 MLD Firefly T-7, Agusta, S-51, S-55, S-58, B-25 Mitchell.

£14.99 X72279

Eduard EDD48029

1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A stencils (Eduard)


Foxbot Decals FBOT32004 1:32 Digital Sukhoi Su-27S Numbers (Trumpeter) FBOT32005 1:32 Digital Sukhoi Su-27UBM Numbers (Trumpeter) FBOT48017 1:48 Pin-Up Nose Art Douglas C-47 and Stencils, Part 1 FBOT48017A1:48 Pin-Up Nose Art Douglas C-47 Part 1

£6.60 £3.60 £17.99 £13.20

HAD Models HUN48184 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109A ( V3 6.1, .6-1, .6-2, .6,-15) HUN72184 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109-A ( V3 6.1, .6-1, .6-2, .6,-15)

£10.99 £8.99

HGW HGW248031 1:48 Grumman F-14A Tomcat Stencils + RBF HGW248032 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id HIEN (Tony) Stencils (Tamiya) HGW272011 1:72 de Havilland Vampire T.11 stencils (Airfix)

£23.40 £3.50 £8.40

Kits-World KW48064 1:48 P-47D Thunderbolt - 'LOOK NO HANDS' P-47 D Pilot Maj Clyde V. Knisley 510th F/S 405th F/G 'Eight Nifties' AZ-2 44-32747 KW48169 1:48 Northrop P-61A-5 Black Widow, 42-5534 Shoo Shoo Baby, 422nd NFS, based at Chateaudun, France, late 1944. P-61A-10, 42-5591 Impatient WIDOW, 422nd NFS, based at Etain, France, late 1944; P-61A-10, 42-5573 Lovely Lady, 422nd NFS, based at Etain, France, late 1944; P-61A-10, 42-5580 Wabash Cannon-ball IV, 425th NFS, based at Clamorous, France, late 1944; P-61A-10, 42-5626 Jing-Bow Joy-Ride, 426th NFS, based at Chengtu, China, early 1945; P-61A-5, 42-5531, personal aircraft of General Earl W. Barnes, commander of the 13th Air Task Force, Far East, summer 1944. KW48170 1:48 Northrop P-61A-10 Black Widow, 42-5616 Merry-Widow, 426th NFS, based at Kunming, China, late 1944. P-61A-10, 42-5576 Sleepy Time Gal, 425th NFS, based at Coloummiers, France, late 1944; P-61A-10, 42-39365 Black-Jack, 426th NFS, based at Chengtu, China, late 1944; P-61A-10, 42-39440 Swing Shift Skipper, 547th NFS, based at Lingayen, Luzon, Philippines, early 1945. P-61A10, 42-5565 Double Trouble, 422nd NFS, based at Etain, France, late 1944; P-61B-6, 42-39533, Markey/Hade's Lady, 417th NFS, based at Giebelstadt und Braunschardt, Germany, summer 1945. Rising Decals RD72076 1:72 Bucker Bu-131 in Japanese Service (8 x camo) RD72077 1:72 Japanese Early Birds Part II (10 x camo)

£10.20 X72281


£8.60 £9.99

Twosix Silk STS44297 1:144 Ryanair Boeing 737-800


Xtradecal X44008 1:144 Junkers Ju-52/3m (10) D-ALYL w Nr 5180 in colours for the 11th Olympic Games, Berlin 1936 overall Aluminium 22x62 3a Escuadrilla ‘Tres Marias’ Spanish Civil War 1936 RLM61/62/62/22; Luftwaffe WL+KLQ Ambulance aircraft with Red Crosses on wings and fuselage Luftwaffe WL+AFOE Ambulance aircraft with Red Crosses on White wings and fuselage; Luftwaffe 1Z+BF IV Gruppe Stab/KGz.b 1 Balkans Luftwaffe BA+KG TG 3 1943 RLM70/71/65; Hungarian AF Ambulance aircraft Eastern Front 1942 RLM70/71/65; RAAF 450 Sqn ‘Libyan Clipper’ Sgt P. Pearson North Africa 1942; Royal Rumanian AF No 12 RLM70/71/65 Eastern Front 1942; French Navy 10.S.15 Escadrille de Servitude 10, Le Luc France 1956 Overall

NEW KITS A & A Models Aircraft kits (injection) AAM7202 1:72 VJ101C-X2 Supersonic VTOL Aircraft.


A Model Aircraft kits (injection) AMU72337 1:72 CMC Leopard 2 AMU72338 1:72 Mil Mi-6 VKP AMU72341 1:72 CMC Leopard 1

£18.40 £53.40 £18.40

Airfix Aircraft kits (injection) AX01003A 1:72 Curtiss Tomahawk Mk.IIB AX03089 1:72 Junkers Ju-87B-2/R-2 'Stuka' AX09183 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I NEW TOOLING AX09184 1:48 Gloster Meteor F.8 Korean War

£6.59 £12.99 £36.99 £36.99

AMP Aircraft kits (injection) AMP48001 1:48 Sikorsky HO3S-1




Zotz ZTZ24002 ZTZ32083

aluminium; £7.99 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-110C-G (9) Bf-110C-4 A2+EK 5/NJG 3 Skagerrak 1941 Bf-110D-2 3U+5R 7./ZG26 Staffelcapitan Oblt. GottfriedKotwatsch Libya 1942 Bf-110-D3 U+AN 5/ZG26 Staffelcapitan Theodoe Rossiwall Sofia, Bulgaria 1941 with yellow nose, nacelles and rudder; Bf-110E-2 3U+HK 2/ZG 26 Ofw Herbert Schob Russia 1942. Overall white with yellow fuselage band; Bf-110E-2 G9+BM 4/NJG 1Oblt Rauh, Norway Feb 1942 Overall black with red shark mouth; Bf-110F-3 --+ZH 1.(F)/124 Norway 1944.; Bf110F-4 Romania AF ZZ+AW Escadrila 51 Bucharest 1944. Overall RLM76; Bf-110G-2 S9+LP 6./ZG1 France 1943 with yellow Wasp on nose; Bf-110G-2 S2+DA St.G 77 Poland 1943 with Totenhand on nose £8.99 1:72 Westland Merlin (30) Merlin HC.3 ZJ133/R ‘Splatt’ 28(Army Co-operation) Sqn RAF Benson 2008; Merlin HC.3 ZJ125/J 28(Army Co-operation Sqn RAF Benson 2008; Merlin HC.3A ZJ994/AC 28/78(Army Co-operation) Sqn RAF Benson 2010; Merlin HM.2 ZH857 CU/70 RN Luca Malta 2015; Merlin HM.1 ZH856 10/B RN Luca Malta 2014; Merlin HM.2 ZH836 RN at Fairford 2014; Merlin HC.4 ZJ122/F RN Yeovilton 2016; Merlin HC.3 ZJ119/C RN Yeovilton 2015; AW101 ZR343 RNAS Yeovilton 2015; CH-101 Mk.518 8192 /92 Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force aboard Antarctic survey vessel 2010 overall FS26076 Engine Grey with orange trim; AW-101 Mk.641 ZR342 UK Test Serial IND05 prior to delivery to Indian Air Force 2012; AW-101 Mk.610 ZR331 MS-21 due for Algerian Naval Forces during trials at RAF St.Mawgan 2011 overall Med Sea Grey; EH-101 Mk.512 M-508 Rescue 08 ESK 722 R. Danish Air Force Karup 2009; EH-101 Mk.410 MM81494 2-15 Italian Navy La Spezia-Luni 2010 overall FS36375; AW-101 (VVIP) Mk 643 ZR337 Turkmenistan Airlines 2013 overall white; AW-101 ZZ101 0262 Norwegian SAR Luftforsvaret 2016; Kawasaki MCH-101 Mk.518 8651/51 or 8654 /54 both 111 Kokutai Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force, Iwakuni 2010 Lt Gull Grey over white. Agusta Westland AW-101 VVIP ZR337 R.Nigerian AF 2015 MM81494 2-15 1st Grupelicot Marina Militaire (Italian Navy) La Spezia-Luni 2010; HH-101A Caesar ZR352 15-10 1st Brigata Aerea Operation Speciali (Italian AF) Cervia Italy 2016; AW101 Leonardo R343 Republic of Indonesia AF 2017; Merlin EH-101 Mk.512 M-508 Rescue 08 ESK722 R. Danish AF 2009; Merlin EH-101 Mk.410 Basic kit will need modification to window layout for all of these aircraft £10.99 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-110C/Bf-110D/Bf-110E/Bf-110F/Bf-110G (11) Bf-110C-4 3M+-B 1/ZG2Oblt Gruppenadjutant Gerhard Granz France 1940 Bf-110C-4 A2+EK 5/NJG 3 Skagerrak 1941; Bf-110D-2 3U+5R 7./ZG26 Staffelcapitan Oblt. GottfriedKotwatsch Libya 1942 Bf-110-3 U+AN 5/ZG26 Staffelcapitan Theodoe Rossiwall Sofia, Bulgaria 1941 with yellow nose, nacelles and rudder; Bf-110E-2 3U+HK 2/ZG 26 Ofw Herbert Schob Russia 1942. Overall white with yellow fuselage band; Bf-110E-2 G9+BM 4/NJG 1Oblt Rauh, Norway Feb 1942 Overall black with red shark mouth; Bf-110F-3 --+ZH 1.(F)/124 Norway 1944.; Bf110F-4 Romania AF ZZ+AW Escadrila 51 Bucharest 1944. Overall RLM76; Bf-110G-2 S9+LP 6./ZG1 France 1943 with yellow Wasp on nose; Bf-110G-2 S2+DA St.G 77 Poland 1943 with Totenhand on nose; Bf-110G-4 Hungaria AF M+10.7 1945; £7.99 1:72 Junkers Ju-52/3m (6) Lufwaffe WL+KLQ Ambulance aircraft with Red Crosses on wings and fuselage 22x62 3a Escuadrilla ‘Tres Marias’ Spanish Civil War 1936; Hungarian AF Ambulance aircraft Eastern Front 1942; RAAF 450 Sqn ‘Libyan Clipper’ Sgt P. Pearson North Africa 1942; Royal Rumanian AF No 12 RLM70/71/65 Eastern Front 1942; French Navy 10.S.15 Escadrille de Servitude 10, Le Luc France 1956 Overall aluminium; £7.99

1:24 Republic P-47D Thunderbolt 'Raid Hot Mama' ' Miss Second Front' 'Magic Carpet' 'SNAFU' 1:32 Vought F-8C/F-8E Crusader F-8E 148178 VF-51 USS Ticonderoga; 149150 August 1967; 150349 VF-53 USS Bon Homme Richard July 27 1968; 149159 VF-162 USS Oriskany, October 9 1966; F-8C 146992 VF-24, July 21st. 1967;

Anigrand Craftswork Aircraft kits (resin) ANIG2133 1:72 Great Lakes XSG-1 Unorthodox biplane to replace the O2U Corsair. £43.70 ANIG4096 1:144 Sikorsky JR2S-1 / VS-44A flying boat. Bonus kits included are Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly, Platt-LePage XR-1 and Cornelius. £83.80 Attack Squadron Aircraft kits (resin) ASQ72118 1:72 Kaman K-Max twin rotor helicopter


Avant Garde Aircraft kits (injection) AMK86002 1:72 IAI C-2/C-7 Kfir AMK88001 1:48 Back in stock! IAI C-2/C-7 Kfir AMK88003S 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-31BM/BSM

£10.99 £32.99 £55.99

AVI Models Aircraft kits (injection) AVM72001 1:72 Mitsubishi A5M1Claude "12th Kokutai over China"


Avis Aircraft kits (injection) BX72024 1:72 RFB Fantrainer 400




Brengun Aircraft kits (injection) BRP144006 1:144 Heinkel He-162A-3 captured Russian aircraft £9.99 BRP72025 1:72 North-American A-36 Apache Mustang (USA) £14.99 BRP72026 1:72 North-American A-36 Apache Mustang (RAF) £14.99 Aircraft kits (resin) BRS48005 1:48 Chester Jeep race plane golden years race plane £27.99 Dragon Aircraft kits (injection) DN5026 1:72 Arado Ar-234P-1 night fighter DN5507 1:48 Messerschmitt Me-262A/1A Jabo

£29.99 £39.99

3909 Hannants DPS_3405 17/10/2017 18:05 Page 87

Eastern Express Aircraft kits (injection) EA144105 1:144 Short 360 'American Eagle' £27.40 EA144105-1 1:144 Short 360 "Pacific Coastal" £35.70 EA144105-2 1:144 Short 360 'Sunstate' £35.70 EA144105-3 1:144 Short 360 'Aer Lingus' £35.70 EA144105-4 1:144 Short 360 'British Midland' £35.70 EA144110 1:144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-87 Iberia airlines £37.60 EA144110-1 1:144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-87 'Austrian airlines' £46.99 EA144110-2 1:144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-87 'Midway' £46.99 EA144110-3 1:144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-87 'Star Alliance SAS' £46.99

Modelsvit Aircraft kits (injection) MSVIT72027 1:72 I-7U Supersonic Interceptor Prototype.


Revell Aircraft kits (injection) RV3925 1:48 Panavia Tornado F.3 ADV RV3928 1:32 Heinkel He-219A-0 Nightfighter RV3932 1:48 Ilyushin IL-2 Stormovik RV4948 1:32 Airbus Helicopters H145M LUH NEW TOOL

£29.99 £54.99 £36.99 £22.99

Eduard Aircraft kits (injection) EDK7443 1:72 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-8 with universal wings Weekend edition EDK82142 1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 Profipack edition EDK8233 1:48 Re-released! Mikoyan MiG-21SMT ProfiPACK EDK8417 1:48 Pfalz D.IIIa Weekend edition

£10.99 £32.30 £38.80 £16.20

Special Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) SH48185 1:48 IMAM (Romeo) Ro.37bis (ex Classic Airframe). SH48190 1:48 Fieseler Fi-103A-1/Re 4 Reichenberg SH72369 1:72 Letov S.328 'Slovak National Uprising' SH72373 1:72 Fouga CM.170 Magister German, Finnish and Ostereich.


F-rsin Plastic Aircraft kits (injection) FRP4085 1:144 Vickers Viscount 800 Manx Airlines


Squadron Aircraft kits (injection) SQM0001 1:72 Back in stock! HAUNEBU II German Flying Saucer.


FLY Aircraft kits (injection) YLF48010 1:48 Ansaldo SVA.10 YLF72035 1:72 Ilyushin Il-10 Russian service YLF72037 1:72 Ilyushin Il-10 Post-war services

£16.99 £16.50 £16.50

Freedom Models Aircraft kits (injection) FD18004 1:48 F/A-20A/C Tigershark £39.99 FD18005 1:48 F-CK-1 A/C MUL Ching-kuo Single Seat Fighter £45.99 FD18006 1:48 F-CK-1 B/D MUL Ching-kuo , Two Seat Fighter £47.99 Hasegawa Aircraft kits (injection) HA00984 1:72 Grumman TBM-3S Avenger JMSDF HA02241 1:72 Consolidated Liberator Mk.III/V "Coastal Command" HA02242 1:72 Grumman F-14A Tomcat "Iranian Air Force NEW Desert Scheme" HA02246 1:72 Martin P5M-2G Marlin US Coast Guard HA02247 1:72 Mil Mi-35 HIND "Czech Air Force" HA07452 1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-16C (Block 52 Advanced) Fighting Falcon "Polish AF Tiger Demo Team" Code: 4052, 4056 HA08248 1:32 Messerschmitt Me-163B KOMET "EJG2" HA60514 EGGPLANE F-16 Fighting Falcon "Taiwan Air Force" HACP012 1:72 Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu T.100 Heavy Bomber type II Helen Hong Kong Models Aircraft kits (injection) HKM01E16 1:32 De Havilland Mosquito B Mk IX/XVI RAF

£69.99 £74.99 £59.99 £56.99 £54.99

£52.99 £49.99 £16.99 £39.99


ICM Aircraft kits (injection) ICM48060 1:48 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXC 'Beer Delivery' Italeri Aircraft kits (injection) IT1403 1:72 Panavia Tornado IDS 60° Anniv. 311° GV RSV Anniversary IT1404 1:72 Focke-Wulf FW-189A-1 IT2673 1:48 Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless £


£18.50 £15.99 29.99

Joystick Aircraft kits (vacform) JOY01 1:72 Back in stock! Sopwith Batboat 1a floatplane £10.99 Micro-Mir Aircraft kits (injection) MM144-019 1:144 Yakovlev UT-2/UT-2M (2 kits in the box) Miniwing MINI085 MINI313 MINI314 MINI315


Aircraft kits (resin) 1:144 Gloster Meteor F.8 with decals for IAF & RAF £19.80 1:144 North American T-28A Trojan - USAF £6.99 1:144 North-American T-28A Trojan - Taiwan £6.99 1:144 North-American T-28A Trojan - Mexico £6.99

AAM7202 1:72 VJ101C-X2 £29.99

AMK86002 1:72 IAI C-2/C-7 Kfir £10.99

Roden Aircraft kits (injection) ROD330 1:144 Lockheed C-5B Galaxy


Sword Aircraft kits (injection) SW72058E 1:72 Supermarine Seafire XVII 2 in 1 series. 2 complete kits SW72107 1:72 North-American FJ-2 Fury 3 markings for VMF-451, VMF-235, VMF-312 Trumpeter TU01682 TU06274 TU06275 TU06276 TU06277

Aircraft kits (injection) 1:72 Convair F-106A Delta Dart 1:350 Fairey Swordfish x 6 sets per box. 1:350 Fairey Fulmar Mk.I x 6 sets per box. 1:350 Blackburn Skua x 6 sets per box. 1:350 Loire 130 x 6 sets per box.

Welsh Models Aircraft kits (resin and vacform) WHMT54P 1:144 Boeing KC-46 Pegasus-Tanker/Transport Italian A/F WHSL222P 1:144 Fokker F.70 Vacform fuselage, KLM twin blue and white livery WHSL389P 1:144 Boeing 767-200ER-South African A/W’s current Aircraft kits (resin) WHPJW91R 1:144 H Devon C.Mk.2 Twin decal choice RAF plus Malaysian Air force " Zvezda Aircraft kits (injection) ZVE7307 1:72 Yakovlev Yak-130

£33.80 £11.20 £15.80

£14.99 £14.99

£30.99 £7.50 £7.50 £7.50 £7.50

AGB Aircraft detailing sets (etched) AGB72001 1:72 Bristol Sycamore detail set (Czech Master Resin and S & M Model) Aires Aircraft detailing sets (resin) AIRE4722 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BS Foxhound speed brakes (Avant Garde) AIRE4725 1:48 SAAB J-29F Tunnan cockpit set (Pilot Replicas) AIRE4728 1:48 Curtiss P-40B Warhawk cockpit set (Airfix) AIRE4729 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-3 control surfaces (Eduard) AIRE4730 1:48 Convair F-106B Delta Dart cockpit set (Trumpeter) Avant Garde Aircraft detailing sets (metal) AMK88003U 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-31 Upgrade set for the MIG-31B

AMU72341 1:72 CMC Leopard 1 £18.40

BX72024 1:72 RFB Fantrainer 400 £22.70

Figures (resin) 1:32 RFC Mechanic N°1 (Roden and Wingnut wing) 1:32 RFC Mechanic N°2 (Roden and Wingnut wing) 1:32 French fighter pilot N°1 (Wingnut Wings) 1:32 French fighter pilot N°2 (Wingnut Wings)

Brengun Aircraft canopies (vacform) BRL144129 1:144 Aero L-39 Albatros Vacu Canopy x 2 (Attack and Mark I) Aircraft detailing sets (etched) BRL144130 1:144 Aero L-39 Albatros etched detail sets (Attack and Mark I) BRL32024 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero interior (Hasegawa) BRL32025 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero exterior (Hasegawa) BRL48084 1:48 FUG-202 Lichtenstein aircraft radar antenas BRL48085 1:48 Dassault Super Etendard (Heller kits) BRL48086 1:48 Caudron CR.714C-1 (RS Models) BRL72129 1:72 Fieseler Fi-156C 'Storch' (Academy) BRL72131 1:72 Japanese 250kg bomb (2 in box) Resin-PE kit of Japanese bombs Brengun Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) BRL48087 1:48 Yokosuka MXY7 OHKA Model 22 (Brengun)

£14.99 £14.99 £14.99 £14.99


£5.20 £12.40 £12.40 £3.99 £8.80 £9.20 £7.20 £6.40


£60.50 £36.99 £59.50



Aerobonus (by Aires) Figures (resin) QAB480198 1:48 USAF Fighter Pilot with ejection seat for Northrop F-5E (Academy and AFV Club)

Black Dog BDF32019 BDF32020 BDF32022 BDF32023

CMK/Czech Master Kits Aircraft engines and propellers (resin) CMK7378 1:72 Focke-Wulf Fw-189A-1/Fw-189A-2Engine (ICM) £12.40


AMP48001 1:48 Sikorsky HO3S-1 £26.99

M/BSM kit AMK88003. Consists of Tinted Canopy, Upgraded PE fret to include Seat belts and Zaslon Radar, upgraded decal sheet (Germetik sealant and Instrumentation), Landing Gear & Pitot Tube Upgrade (set AMK88003Z) (Avant Garde) £14.99 Aircraft detailing sets (metal) AMK88003Z 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-31 die-cast Landing Gear & Pitot Tube Upgrade for the both MiG-31BM/BSM and MiG-31B/BS (Avant Garde) (THIS SET IS IN SET AMK88003U AND KIT AMK88003S) £8.99



£7.99 £12.99 £12.99 £6.80 £21.20

Dan Models Diorama accessories (etched) DM35540 1:35 stencil for prints of tyre tread markings Diorama accessories (resin) DM35403 1:35 concrete road barriers x 6 Eduard Aircraft detailing sets (etched) ED32914 1:32 Fokker D.VII (Wingnut Wings) ED48934 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E exterior (Kitty Hawk Model) ED48935 1:48 Bell UH-1D cargo interior(Kitty Hawk Model) ED48936 1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 landing flaps 1/48 (Eduard) ED49860 1:48 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs-123B-1 (Gas Patch Models) ED49864 1:48 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II (Meng Model) ED73613 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT (Zvezda) Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) EDCX494 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT (Zvezda) EDCX495 1:72 Fairey Fulmar Mk.I/II (Special Hobby) EDEX562 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E (Kitty Hawk Model) EDEX565 1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-4 1/48 (Eduard) EDFE858 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E (Kitty Hawk Model) EDFE859 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker E seatbelts STEEL 1/48 (Kitty Hawk Model) EDJX205 1:32 Fokker D.VII (Wingnut Wings) Eduard Brassin Aircraft detailing sets (resin) ED648346 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang cockpit (Airfix) ED648356 1:48 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A wingroot gun bays (Eduard) ED648359 1:48 North-American P-51D rear view mirrors (Airfix)

DN5026 1:72 Arado Ar-234P-1 £29.99

EA144105-4 1:144 Short 360 'British Midland' £35.70

£20.70 £4.50

£12.99 £19.40 £19.40 £16.20 £12.99 £16.20 £16.20 £6.50 £7.20 £8.40 £6.50 £9.70 £5.20 £6.50

£25.80 £9.70 £3.20

FD18005 1:48 F-CK-1 A/C MUL Ching-kuo £45.99


Please visit our website for our up to date postage rates.


3907 SEPT (Page 88).qxp_Layout 1 13/08/2017 21:39 Page 1

3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:16 Page 1


Project E US Mk 7 Bombs for the RAF Canberra Force


roject Emily' or 'Project E' as it was usually referred to, was the code name under which provision was made for those RAF aircraft assigned to Supreme Allied Commander Europe to be supplied with United States nuclear weapons in wartime. This arrangement came about as a result of US refusal to share its expertise in the construction of nuclear weapons post war despite British participation in the Manhattan Project from the very beginning and a wartime promise that the fruits of atomic research would be shared equally between the two nations. Whilst Britain went on to develop its own nuclear capability post war, the whole process of acquiring nuclear weapons took some time and with the advent of the Cold War, by the early 1950s it had become apparent that it would be to the advantage of the US if Britain were allowed access to a modest number of weapons from the US stockpile under wartime conditions so as to allow the RAF to play a full role in the conflict and greatly increase the effectiveness of the British Tactical Air Forces in supporting Allied armies on the Continent. When approached on the matter by the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, at the Bermuda Conference in 1953, President Eisenhower said that he did not think that there would be any serious objections to the US giving Britain the necessary technical information to enable RAF aircraft to be fitted to carry US nuclear weapons and work began to enable this in 1954 under the designation 'Project E'. The decision to arm the Canberra B.2, B.6, B(I). 6 and B(I).8 with the US Mk 7 Tactical Nuclear Bomb, sometimes referred to by the Americans as 'Thor' and what is described in some British documentation initially as 'Target Marker 'E' but in dry official nomenclature as 'Bomb, HE M.C. 1650 lb’ appears to have been taken in February 1956. Even though the bombs themselves would be provided by the Americans, the necessary modifications to the Canberras and all the ground support infrastructure would have to be

paid for by Britain. For example it was necessary to obtain a number of Douglas X61B bomb release racks, which used the twin pick up points of the Mk 7 bomb at a cost of $800 each at 1956 prices. Treasury approval for seventy six Canberra B.6, 20 B(I).6 and 52 B(I).8s to be equipped was given on 26 July 1956. A mock up installation was examined on 27 March 1956 and the Project E modification for the Canberra was designated as Mod No. 2142. The necessary Bomb Carriers were manufactured by ML Aviation Company Ltd (formally R. Malcom Ltd) based at White Waltham Aerodrome in Berkshire. The Carrier, Bomb, 1650lb Mk 1 consisted of the Douglas Type 61B bomb rack at its core surrounded by a framework

of light alloy channel extrusions and two forged steel aches to which the bomb rack was attached. Added to this were two baffle plates, which were found to be necessary to reduce buffeting when the bomb doors were open at the high speeds necessary to deliver the bomb using the Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS) and the 'toss bombing' manoeuvre. The baffle plates were perforated with a number of holes thought to be one inch in diameter as a weight saving measure. The carrier was suitable for use with the Canberra B.2, B.6, B(I).6 and B(I).8, though in the event, so far as is known, no operational Canberra B.2s were modified. By 5 November 1956 165 carriers were on order starting with a batch of thirty that were to be complete by the end of February 1957 and proceeding at a rate of ten per month thereafter. The carrier was


By Paul Lucas allocated the Vocabulary of Stores Reference Number 11A/4472. Because of the span of the tail fins on the Mk 7 Bomb, it was found necessary to modify the interior structure of the bomb doors by cutting some of the interior skin away so as to leave a cut out in the rear of each door and a small slot in the inner face of the edge of the door to accommodate the ventral fin. Despite these modifications, when the bomb doors were closed, there was no external sign that the aircraft was armed with the Mk 7 Bomb. Armament clearances were carried out at the RAE on B(I).6 WT333 from February 1957 using a T.63 training bomb and by

November 1958 the entire Unit Establishment of forty eight Bomber Command B.6s had been modified whilst in 2nd TAF, twelve Canberra B(I).6s and thirty of a UE of thirty six Canberra B(I).8s had been modified. It was expected that the remaining six aircraft would be available from December 1958. In the UK, the Project E Canberras were based at Conningsby, which in 1960 was home to the Canberra B.6s of Nos. 9 and 12 Squadron, whilst in what became 'RAF Germany' from 1 January 1959 they were deployed at Bruggen, for the Canberra B(I).6s of 213 Squadron; Geilenkirchen for the Canberra B(I).8s of 3 Squadron; Laarbruch, for the B(I).8s of 16 Squadron and Wildenrath, for the B(I).8s of 88 Squadron. The Mk 7 Bomb remained available to the RAF until it was withdrawn by the US in 1966 when it was replaced by the Mk 46

laydown bomb, which remained in use with the Canberra Strike Squadrons in RAF Germany for the rest of the Canberra's career in the IDS role.

Colour Schemes With regard to the colour scheme of the installation, an armourer who worked on the Canberra B(I).8 has colloquially described the bomb carrier as having a zinc chromate carrier beam whilst the baffle plates were a red-orange colour. The Mk 7 Bomb was described as being a matt olive green overall with a dark brown nose cap. A band of red was applied nearest the nose cap followed by a band of orange. The training rounds were described as duck-egg green. Because the bomb carriers were manufactured in Britain, it is probably safe to assume that the zinc chromate referred to was the usual acid lemon yellow hue of Zinc Chromate to DTD 911. The 'red-orange' colour of the baffle plates is perhaps a description of some kind of proprietary red iron oxide primer. Logically, the Mk 7 Bombs would most likely have been finished in standard US colours taken from the ANA Standards. ANA 157C of June 1949, which remained current until 1959, did not add or change any of the wartime colours, only changing all the Army Air Force references to United States Air Force in recognition of the establishment of the USAF as a separate service in 1947. Of the colours contained within ANA 157C, the colour that best fits the colloquial description of 'olive green' is ANA 613 Olive Drab (FS 595B 34088). The 'dark brown' nose cap was probably the natural colour of the material from which it was made whilst the red ring on the nose, which denoted a High Explosive filling, was perhaps ANA 166 509 Insignia Red (FS 11136) and the orange ring denoting a Nuclear Store was perhaps ANA 166 No. 508 International Orange (FS 12197). The colloquialism 'duck egg green' that describes the training rounds was perhaps most likely ANA 157 No. 610 Sky (FS 34424).



3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 16:13 Page 2


Revell’s Little Big Kit By Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett

RAF 6 Squadron History, which has markings for a Bristol F2B, Hawker Hurricane IID, Phantom FGR.2 and Jaguar GR3, as well as our subject, the Eurofighter Typhoon FGR.4.

Kit No: 04568 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


’ve long hankered after a 1/48 Eurofighter Typhoon in my collection, with only time being the barrier in stopping me realising this ambition, having a couple in my stash of kits weakening my excuses further. Revell’s kit of the single seat Typhoon arrived in 2006, and is the most up to date kit available of the aircraft, coming in both single and two seat variants in this scale. Italeri also produce a kit of the aircraft in 1/48, with this being a much older offering. The Revell kit is formed of one hundred and forty seven different parts packed into a reasonably large but flimsy box. I have to admit that my kit was bought a good number of years ago, and has sat in the stash waiting for that opportune moment. Revell have recently rereleased the same kit in a Bronze Tiger boxing, so it’s easy enough to get hold of, albeit with Tiger Meet display markings. Whilst the kit itself comes with a good number of options for RAF aircraft as well as those used in Spain, Germany and Italy, I chose to dip into my decal bank and create an aircraft operated by 6 Squadron RAF, using Xtradecal sheet X48090

Prepared ready for painting

The Eurofighter Typhoon has been in operational service with the RAF since 2004 with various tranche upgrades during this time, with 6 Squadron becoming operational on the type at RAF Leuchars in 2008. My reasoning for wanting a 6 Squadron aircraft is simple as a few years ago I was lucky enough to ‘fly’ the simulator in the training suite at RAF Leuchars, and wanted to have a suitable replica of the aircraft I flew in my display case, something to dream upon if you like. The Revell kit is accurate enough in outline, although a few of the details are lacking, showing the kit’s age. The first of which I addressed was the missing APU exhaust in the port wing root. The aperture for this is there, but it is not deep enough and lacks the exhaust itself, so I set about cutting out the plastic in the bottom to deepen it, and after cleaning this up fitted a plastic card bottom to it before mounting a suitable diameter scrap of aluminium tube to the bottom for the exhaust itself. Before starting major construction I decided to fill the nose cone to the brim with Deluxe Liquid Gravity to make sure I didn’t end up with a Typhoon with its nose pointing forever to the sky. The cockpit is good for a basic build, but I wanted a bit more from my model so employed Eduard’s etch ZOOM set FE367, as this supplied the harnesses and instrument panel details I wanted. The kit’s Martin Baker Mk 16 seat is a pretty good representation of the real thing and with the addition of

2 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

Foam rubber bungs plug all the openings to prevent over spray

3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:16 Page 3


Vallejo’s finest provides an idea of the scale

The tail of the Typhoon gets dirty in service and this is replicated here

The APU exhaust formed of tubing and dirtied to match the rest of the in-service airframe

Exhausts and rear fuselage painted using Vallejo’s Metal Color paint system

From above the arrow head shape of the Typhoon is quite distinctive

the prepainted harnesses, seat cushions and handles easily passes muster under the canopy. Whilst on the subject of the canopy, it suffers from a distinct seam line across the main section, which I polished out using finer and finer grades of sanding stick until I had an almost glass like finish (see the Guidelines website for sanding sponges) and then dipped the canopy in gloss

acrylic varnish, leaving this to dry balanced on two cocktail sticks to prevent it sticking to anything, and concealed under a plastic container to prevent dust and hairs getting to it. I wanted to represent the reflective qualities of the HUD on the Typhoon, as like many of its contemporaries, it has this green/blue tint to it. I’d noticed that

Under the canopy the cockpit detail looks effective


The lack of engine detail in the kit is clear to see here

The kit undercarriage bays work well, but could use more detail



3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:16 Page 4


Two 6 Squadron Typhoons carry Paveway II training rounds en route to the Cape Wrath range in March 2013. By July 2014, a dozen RAF Tranche 2 Typhoons had been upgraded with Phase 1 Enhancement capability to enable them to use the Paveway IV guided bomb and plans were in place to upgrade them to be able to carry the Storm Shadow cruise missile and Brimstone air-to-ground missile by 2018, thus ensuring sufficient manned aircraft configured with strike capabilities with trained crews by the time the Tornado GR4 is retired. RAF Tranche 1 Typhoons are too structurally and technically different from later models and are expected to be phased out of service around 2020 to be stripped for parts to support newer versions to lower costs (SAC Matt Baker) Two 6 Squadron Typhoon jets arrive at RAF Leuchars in Scotland in 2010 to replace the 111 Squadron F3 Tornados previously based there. In March 2011 the UK deployed Typhoons, alongside Tornados, to enforce a no-fly zone in Libya. On 20th March ten Typhoons from RAF Coningsby and RAF Leuchars arrived at the Gioia del Colle airbase in southern Italy. On 21st March RAF Typhoons flew their first ever combat mission while patrolling the no-fly zone (SAC Matt Baker) my long suffering wife had purchased some hologram style clear and silver wrapping paper, so a small amount of that found its way onto my bench. With the clear part peeled from the silver backing this was fixed to the kit’s plastic part with white glue and left to dry.

Once trimmed this does a pretty good job of looking like the real deal and is a method I’ll be revisiting in the future as long as I don’t get caught. With the cockpit completed the

Looking every inch the Typhoon from below

fuselage comes next, and in particular the intake is deserving of comment, as it is a complicated area which presented some alignment issues. Another disappointment was the complete lack of detail on the compressor faces of the engine, which whilst only noticeable if you get down to a low level next to

the Typhoon, is really unforgivable even if you take into account the age of the kit. I shall be knocking up some plastic card FOD covers for this Typhoon, and sourcing something to deal with this on the other two seater Typhoon in my stash. My understanding is that Olimp Models make a resin part to replace this and

3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:17 Page 5

SAM SUBS SEC TION Exercise Shaheen Star 5 was a combined air operation exercise conducted over the skies of the United Arab Emirates. Typhoons from 6 Squadron at Leuchars had the opportunity to work closely with land and maritime components to demonstrate the aircraft’s Multi Role Combat Ready capabilities. The training provided an ideal opportunity to use the Typhoon’s state of the art avionics suite and targeting pod in a three dimensional battle space allowing the crew to prosecute rapidly changing targets in the air and on the ground. All squadron personnel gained valuable experience in collaborating with coalition partners. The sheer complexity of Shaheen Star 5 tested aircraft, personnel and their training to the full. Close Air Support sorties were conducted and fully integrated with Forward Air Controllers on the ground, provided by their UAE partners. The ample training opportunity throughout the exercise allowed the Squadron to develop further its MRCR capability (Flt Lt Tim Peakman)

as I just know I’m going to have issues at the first model show I take the Typhoon to.

the intake trunking to make things more satisfactory. The fuselage is a touch over complicated by necessity as this allows Revell to produce the two seat aircraft from the same moulds. However the result is a more complex build from a multitude of parts with some dubious fit in places. With some minor filling and rescribing the Typhoon reached the painting stage, so I set about masking the canopy with Tamiya tape, and the various intakes and openings with chunks of foam cut to size. I used Vallejo Model Air Barley Grey 71051 to represent the quoted BS626 although to my eye it does look a touch too dark, but this may be that old chestnut of sunlight and printing etc. having an effect on the images I have, and I doubt the chance to do a direct paint to aeroplane comparison will happen anytime soon. The Vallejo colours do tend to be very accurate so I’ll blame my ageing eyes for now.

markings, although I opted for the Xtradecal roundels and fin flash as these looked more accurate in colour. I wanted to keep things realistic when it came to the final finish, and it does appear that the Typhoon gets a bit grubby in use, so I set about enhancing the panel lines with Vallejo Light Grey wash on the upper portions of the airframe, with the underside getting a dark grey wash as I wanted the detail to stand out in the shadow. The rear of the underside on a

The nose cone of the Eurofighter has a silver stripe running from the back towards the front on each side, so these were replicated using Xtradecal silver decal stripes. The kit provided the rest of the stencils and


Typhoon gets rather filthy in daily use, so I replicated this with a light dusting of NATO black followed by oil stains from the Vallejo weathering range, both applied by airbrush at low pressure. One of the issues I had with my 1/72 Typhoon was the fragility of the front undercarriage leg, and whilst the 1/48 kits part is a bit bigger I still have concerns of it snapping, so will be adding a Scale Aircraft Conversions set of white metal legs at some point

The load used represents a training sortie, so empty pylons and two 1,000l fuel tanks were the order of the day, although I may add an acquisition training missile at some point. The rest of the kit’s ample stores supply went into the spares box.

Conclusion Overall it’s not a bad kit at all, although I am surprised at the lack of aftermarket parts available as I’d expected a resin cockpit set, undercarriage bays and the like to be out there somewhere. Eduard’s additions go a long way to making up for this shortfall, and on its own the kit’s parts are fine for the needs of most and a bit of scratch building would deal with any shortcomings. It was good to build a modern RAF subject that’s just coming into its stride and can easily hold its own against its contemporaries.

6 Squadron was the last to fly the Jaguar, and was disbanded on 31st May 2007. The RAF announced that 6 Squadron was to be the fourth operational front-line squadron equipped with the Typhoon and the first with Tranche 2 aircraft, initially scheduled to reform in 2008 at RAF Leuchars in Fife. However this was delayed until 2010, with the squadron reforming at RAF Leuchars on 6th September 2010, when a closed standing-up ceremony was performed to mark the occasion. 6 Squadron took over the role of Quick Reaction Alert for the north of the United Kingdom from 111 Squadron RAF, the RAF's last Tornado F3 squadron, in March 2011 (Peter Gronemann)



3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:18 Page 6


By Sergio Bellomo


n 19-20th August the thirty first Exhibition and Contest of Plastic Modelling organized by IPMS Argentina Mar del Plata took place. The tables in the salon were populated quickly with about 400 models of very good quality in general, to which were added several sales and exhibition stands offering models from Mirage Hobby, ICM, LSG, Roden and Scale Model Kits, and the paints of K4, Sicko and Vallejo. With a large crowd of modellers from almost all the clubs in the country, visitors were able to

enjoy a splendid weekend among good models and friends.

public, we must highlight the diorama in action by Mauricio Kuczoca.

Among the most memorable of the aircraft models were a colourful Sea Hawk in 1/48 with Suez campaign marks, a tiny but very well presented SAAB 210-2, the prototype intended to test the wings of the Draken, a Dornier Wal from the Argentine Navy in 1/72, a Beaufighter and a Tomahawk captured by the Reggia Aeronautica and a very well accomplished A6M2 Zero in 1/144.

The Special Best of British prize awarded by IPMS UK was awarded to the Supermarine Walrus in 1/48 made by Mr Ricardo Dacoba, while a Curtiss Seagull made entirely from scratch by Mr Fabian Tonello won the prize as Best Airplane of the Contest and was also recognized as the Best of the Show. We look forward to seeing you in Mar del Plata August 2018! www.ipms-mardelplata.com.ar

Undoubtedly among the best received by the

Trumpeter’s Westland Wyvern in 1/48

A nice finish on this A5M in 1/48 by Tomas Forte

‘Meet the gang 'cause the boys are here...’

A-4Q 3-A-305 in 1/32 by Fabian Vera

Fokker D VII in 1/72 by Juan Jose Martin

The scratch built Curtiss Seagull by Fabian Tonello that won Best of the Show as well as Best Airplane

Hurricane in flames! This striking diorama proved very popular with the crowds

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3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:19 Page 7

FMA IA 63 Pampa in 1/48

Hurricane Mk I in 1/24 by Fabian Castro

Unusual markings on this captured Coastal Comman Beau

Little Dragon, the Saab 210 by Ricardo Dacoba

Exquisite painting on this Me 262 in 1/72 by Julio Alonso

SG 38 Schulgleiter in 1/72 from Special Hobby’s recent kit




3909 new subs section 1-8.qxp_Scuttlebutt 18/10/2017 14:19 Page 8


By Tim Skeet

manageable models. The Valiant model is more typical of a limited run offering. The fit is alright but filler and sanding are needed. Some of the finer details are in brass etch. The version offered is an early B1 without any refuelling pipework. The decals options appear to reflect this though I was not quite sure as my references were not definitive. There is a good decal set out in this scale from Airdecal, which offers a camouflaged Valiant from its late career although the external pipework would have to be added for that option. Nevertheless I was glad of the set, as the kit supplied items were rather thin and some items broke up. After a bit of work I had a good and smallish model of a white Valiant for the shelf.


t is quite remarkable that there are now excellent 1/72 scale models of the Valiant and just recently the Victor from Airfix. Of course Matchbox offered the original Victor in this scale, a nice kit but a typical 1980s product. The first injection Valiant emerged from Mach 2 around 2006, a limited run model that needed some work to complete satisfactorily. The modern Airfix kit is excellent. One thing nevertheless marks these models out, regardless of their quality. It is their size. A collection of V-bombers is going to fill a lot of space, impressive though they might be in their appliance white or disruptive greys and greens. But if space is at a premium, the kit producers have now brought us models of these venerable cold war warriors in 1/144. These offer a great space saving way of putting these two machines into your collection. The Valiant comes courtesy of MikroMir, a Ukrainian company, retailing around £20. The Victor is produced by Great Wall Hobby of China, costing around £30 currently, plus a few pounds more for the K2 version. They are very different kits but both appear accurate in shape. Although in the smaller scale, they still end up comparable in size to a 1/72 fighter. Of the two models, the Victor is the better fitting and more sophisticated kit, though fifty percent dearer. Once finished and sitting together they both nevertheless are a great addition to an RAF 1950-60s collection. I enjoyed building both very

The Victor on the other hand is a wellengineered and very well fitting model. I did need just a little filler, but overall it came together well. Most of the fine detail was well moulded. I was particularly impressed by the way the complex intake vanes were produced. Thinking back to the rudimentary Matchbox 1/72 intakes, this offering is real progress. The air brakes can be modelled open as also the pop-up auxiliary air intakes along the upper rear fuselage. The model offers several camouflaged B2 versions. One error in the marking instructions is the suggestion that the undersides should be finished in light aircraft grey. The Victor colours were Dark Green over Medium Sea Grey with white below. The decals were just fine. In both cases I didn’t bother with the cockpit details as nothing can be seen through the canopies on either model. That said, the two kits do have basic details. In both models some weight needs to be added to the nose to get them to sit properly. Side by side the Vickers and Handley-Page designs can be compared. The Victor certainly looks the more futuristic of the two. Great Wall offer the K2 version as a separate boxing. I am rather hoping that Great Wall might produce a B1 and MikroMir a later version Valiant B1 or K1. Great Wall also offer the Vulcan B2 in this scale to complete the trio. It would be great to have a Vulcan B1! 1/144 is a wonderful scale for these larger aircraft and with the level of detail and finesse now offered, you end up with some good modelling. Two nice though rather different space saving models.

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