Vol 39 Issue 08 Sсаle Aircraft Modelling

October 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 08 www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com First and Best for Reference and Scale Black Buck Tanker Airfix 1/72 Conversi...

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First and Best for Reference and Scale October 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 08


Cessna’s O-1 Scaled Up

White 2

Black Buck Tanker Airfix 1/72 Conversion

Round the Outside Su-27 Flanker HobbyBoss in 1/48

Surrendering Gracefully Kawanishi Type 97 Trumpeter in 1/144

Military & Civil Aviation – Military Weapons & Equipment – Naval Vessels

British Aircraft of WWI Volume 1. Experimental Fighters J Herris Describes and illustrates in great detail 9 British Experimental Fighters of the Great War. SB 154pp £30.99

RAF 100 1918-2018 Technical Innovations Manual J Falconer This book showcases the top 100 technical innovations that have been used and/or devised by the RAF over the past century. HB 224pp £25.00

The Avro Type 698 Vulcan Design & Development D Fildes Examines the origins of the design, prototypes, experimental aircraft and the modifications that were made. SB 487pp £19.99

Blackbird The Untouchable Spy Plane J Hamilton-Paterson Conceived in the late 1950s the SR-71 was designed to be the world’s fastest and highest-flying aircraft. HB 192pp £18.99

RAF Transport Command: A Pictorial History K Wilson Covers a pictorial history of Transport Command from 1943 to 1967, illustrated with Air Historical Branch images. SB 96pp £14.99

Tornado Gr1 : An Operational History M Napier The book is underpinned by research from original official documents, augmented by the personal accounts of Tornado crews. HB 250pp £25.00

Hawker Hurricane : The Multirole Fighter P Birtles Covers the design, development, production and operations of the Hawker Hurricane before, during and after the Second World War. HB 448pp £40.00

Dornier Do 335 Pfeil/Arrow E Creek This is a fully revised, updated and expanded edition with some 80 additional pages and 150 rare photos. The definitive guide to the Do 335. HB 174pp £50.00

From Bats to Rangers A Pictorial History of Electronic Countermeasures Squadron Two (ECMRON-2) Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron Two (VQ-2) A Romano Contains hundreds of photos of the Electric Bats to complement the historical content. SB 241pp £53.99

The Modern Hog Guide The A-10 Warthog Exposed J Melampy Revised and updated 2017. Detailed book covering the A-10 Warthog including full coverage of the early A-10 and extensive coverage of the modern A-10A, A10A+, and the glass cockpit A-10. SB 170pp £39.99

Russian Aviation Colours 1909-1922 Camouflage and Marking Vol.3 Red Stars M Khairulin Describes the history of the little-known emblems and distinctive markings of Russian Military Aviation from its early origins to the Russian exit of World War One. HB 168pp £40.00

Les Zeppelins au Combat 1914-1918 Baron Horst Von Buttlar Brandenfels Written ten years after WWI by the Baron, commander of one of the Imperial German Navy Zeppelins, this book tells the story of air operations carried out by the Zeppelins. FRENCH TEXT. SB 176pp £22.00

Shadow Over the Atlantic The Luftwaffe and the U-Boats: 1943-45 N Beale Tells for the first time the story of FAGr 5 ‘Atlantik’, using un-published historical records of the unit that accounted for the destruction of thousands of tons of Allied shipping. HB 312pp £25.00

Merkava Siman 1 Merkava MK1 in IDF Service M Mass Colour photo album containing an extensive collection of previously unpublished photos. Contains historical background, In action - winter and summer colour photos, General views, walkaround and more. SB 84pp £29.50

America and the Great War. A Library of Congress Illustrated History M Wagner Presents events and arguments, political and military battles, bitter tragedies and epic achievements that marked U.S. involvement in the first modern war. 250 photos. HB 380pp £30.00

Battle for the Channel: The First Month of the Battle of Britain 10 July 10 August 1940 B Cull This volume carries on where ‘First Of The Few’ finished. Details the main assaults by ever-increasing formations of Luftwaffe bombers and their fighter escorts. HB 304pp £20.00

Camp Borden A Century of Service W March An overview of the history Camp Borden this iconic institution which has been a temporary posting for countless thousands of military men and women as either instructor or trainee. 316 colour and black and white photos. SB 120pp £19.99

The Fighting American Flying Boats of WWI Volume 2 C Owers Describes and illustrates the development of the America and Felixstowe flying boats of WWI. 390 photos and 39 color profiles. SB 280pp £49.99

The First Jet Squadron Mirage 111C/B 1962-1979 R Weiss Photo album which focuses on the history of the First Jet Squadron Mirage 111C/B from 196279. It includes dozens of photos and colour profiles. SB 64pp £20.99

French Secret Projects 2 Bombers, Patrol and Assault aircraft J Carbonel Companion volume to FSP1, this volume contains a comprehensive view of French military bomber and strike aircraft designs. 450 photos. HB 264pp £27.50

Invasion Airfields Then and Now W Ramsey Tells the story of every airfield that became operational by D+90 explaining the methods used to construct them and the units that flew from them. With 650 Colour/B&W photos. HB 224pp £34.95

Air War Archive. Combat Over the Mediterranean: The RAF in Action Against the Germans and Italians Through Rare Archive Photographs C Goss Drawing on very rare photos taken by Beaufighter camera guns. SB 154pp £14.99

Hors-Serie Avions de Combat 1 Histoire des Escadres de l’Armee de L’Air de 1945 a nos jours. 1er Partie - Les Escadres de Chasse No.1 a 8. FRENCH TEXT. New lavishly illustrated magazine covering the 1st to 8th Fighter Squadrons. SB 112pp £12.99

Operational Test Honing The Edge D Lewis This book looks at both successful and unsuccessful design and production projects detailing the complex testing and evaluation process with recent examples of the path to declaring a new combat aircraft operational on the front line. HB 224pp £25.00

Airframe Extra No.8 Air War Over Italy 3rd September 1943 to 2nd May 1945 R Franks Contains period images, kit builds and profiles. SB 82pp £9.95

Aero Journal 60 Wilde Sau FRENCH TEXT. Quand les Sangliers Chargent la Nuit; Arma de Aeronautica; Caccia D’assalto. SB 82pp £6.90

Avions de Combat No.3 Du Yak Rafle 75 Bougies Pour le Neu-Neu FRENCH TEXT. 1:48 Tornado IDS, SU-11 Fishpot, 1:72 Mig-29. SB 98pp £9.50

AIR Modeller’s Guide to Wingnut Wings Volume 1 D Suarez Reprinted, this first volume includes a Roland D.IVA, RAF SE5 and more. SB 112pp £19.50

The Aviation Historian Issue 20 Endangered Species Westland Whirlwind twin-engined fighter, Jet Provost and BAC Strikemaster plus more. SB 130pp £13.50

The Boat That Won the War: An Illustrated History of the Higgins LCVP C Roberts The first indepth history of LCVPs. 120 illustrations. HB 128pp £25.00

LOS! Hors Series 15 Corsaires du Reich FRENCH TEXT. Corsaires du Reich, Les croiseurs auxiliaires de la Kriegsmarine SB 114pp £14.50

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The Fotoflite Files: Volume 1: Royal Navy Warships: 1 S Bush Compilation of images from one of the largest maritime photo collections. SB 144pp £17.99


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K AWA N I S H I T Y P E 97

Surrendering Gracefully By Huw Morgan

Box art for model TUO 1323, the civilian transport version badged as a H6K5-L

Kawanishi Type 97 H6K5L/H6K4-L Mavis Kit No: 01322/01323 Scale: 1/144 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Trumpeter Pocketbond/Stevens International


n the mid and late 1930s Japan's expansionist aspirations encouraged the Imperial Japanese Navy to look at how a growing empire might be supported by air. The distances inherent in moving around the Pacific, and the undeveloped nature of what dry land there was, meant that float planes and flying boats were seen as integral to

Similar art for the military reconnaissance version H6K5 (TUO 1322) a comprehensive air capability. Whilst early Japanese flying boats tended to be licence built versions of foreign designs, in 1932 the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Force (IJNAF) asked Kawanishi, an experienced seaplane builder, to develop an indigenous design. After a couple of false starts, the Type S that emerged was a large, elegant, four engined aircraft that received the official designation of H6K Navy Type 97, and acquired the Allies' code name Mavis. Typical of pre and early war Japanese designs the H6K was based on a philosophy of lightweight, efficient construction aimed at maximum performance and eschewing the perhaps more practical

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The inside of the fuselage halves showing the flashed over windows to be opened for the transport version application of armour and self sealing fuel tanks as unnecessary. The result was a fine aircraft, which performed well in isolation, but which became easy prey for the swarms of American fighters in the latter years of the Pacific War.

Trumpeter Kits Trumpeter have released two versions of the Mavis in 1/144, a H6K5 Type 97 Mavis (TUO 1322) and a Kawanishi H6K5-L (TUO 1323), the former representing the final reconnaissance model with four 1,300hp Mitsubishi Kinsei 53 engines, and the latter apparently an unarmed transport version. The

The identical decals supplied in both kits, representing two civilian and three military options transport aircraft had different interiors fitted to carry around eighteen passengers, had additional windows in the hull, were used as VIP transport and before the war by Dai Nippon Koku K.K. (Greater Nippon Airlines Ltd) on trans Pacific routes. Unfortunately Trumpeter's research appears to have been a bit muddled as the reconnaissance version appears accurate, but no model H6K5-L existed, all the -L transport versions being derived from the H6K2 or H6K4 variants. I had both of Trumpeter's kits to hand, so an interesting comparison was possible. Inside the boxes the kit contents are nearly identical, the -L

K AWA N I S H I T Y P E 97

The rather rudimentary cockpit built and installed, improved by the use of tape seatbelts

Trial fitting of the canopy suggested that fit should be good

A comparison of the engines and fins supplied in the two kits, early rudders and opened cooling gills from kit TUO1322 on left, and later rudders and closed gills from TUO 1323 right

Fuselage halves closed around the cockpit

Wing pylons fitted and filled

Many of the sprue gates end up crossing joint mating faces, necessitating some careful cleanup

The parasol wing mountings have some difficult sink marks to deal with

Locating holes for the fin braces were rather clunky so they were filled and new braces fabricated

Some generic 7-cylinder engine fronts from the spares box were used to represent the front face of the 14-cylinder engines (TUO 1323) having engines with cooling gills depicted open and the earlier small rudders, and both having fuselage halves with the additional window apertures flashed over. Both kits have engines which lack cylinder detail, and with

the full-length carburettor intakes seen on later versions, even though the earlier models built as -L used short intakes. Aside from the issues with the engines, the plastic parts in the kits are finely moulded although the sprue gates are generally arranged to encroach on the parts' mating faces, needing careful clean up. Some dry fitting

The hull completed and primed showing the detailed tail bracing

The fuselage and wing joint was set up carefully in a jig. Note that adjacent areas were painted their respective final colours before joining suggested that assembly would be trouble free and two part clear plastic stands to display the model in a flying pose are included. Both kits contain identical decal sheets, with markings for two civil registered -L versions, two all green aircraft and a prewar machine in overall IJN Grey, although the respective

Building the floats needed care in alignment, the fit being very loose

The various stages of rebuilding the engines with the kit offering left, cast resin replica front, carved out cowling with shortened intake and final engine assembly Some Internet research however revealed that a different, less conventional build option existed, that of a H6K4-L transport as seen at Dai Nippon Koku K.K.'s

Tailplane bracing with the scratch built triangulation struts

All the kit's propellers suffered some damage in transit despite the carefully thought out moulding

Exhaust manifold outlets added using plastic tube captured intact by the Americans, and were painted in surrender markings whereby the rear half of the hull was roughly painted white, largely obscuring the Hinomaru, and green crosses were applied to the hull and across the wing Hinomaru. These aircraft were used briefly by the occupying forces.

Building the Mavis Construction begins conventionally with the

instruction sheets in each box only give details for either civil or military options.

Yokohama slipway in September 1945, after VJ day. Two complete unidentified although operational Mavises were

two halves of the fuselage, the first action being to open up the new window apertures. The kit's clear sprue includes the inserts for these but to



K AWA N I S H I T Y P E 97 ease masking I left them open, with the intention of glazing them with Microscale Kristal Klear after painting. Before the fuselage halves were closed the cockpit was built up, with three bulkheads and the control columns being added to the floor and integral seats. Trumpeter's instructions suggest an interior colour of metallic green, possibly intended as the blue/green coloured anti corrosion lacquer known as Aotake, although this coating tended to be used on out-of-sight areas and a trawl through the Internet suggested that grey/green was a more likely colour for the cockpit. I chose Tamiya XF-73. Although the canopy clear sections are tiny, with a correspondingly restricted view of the interior, the three seats were painted brown and dressed up with tape belts. The pylons for the parasol wing can now be added and blended into the fuselage using minor amounts of filler. The pylons both had some prominent seams and knockout marks and needed careful scraping and filling with superglue. The one piece horizontal stabiliser and vertical fins were attached to the rear of the fuselage together with the under surface bracing for the former. Trumpeter don't include the triangulation supports on the bracing, so these were added using fine plastic strip. The fins also have diagonal bracing, the kit parts being rather clumsy and fitting into oversized holes in the tail surfaces. These holes were filled with plastic rod, cleaned up, and new struts added using aerofoil section strip. Cockpit and tail glazing was added at this point, individual panels being masked in anticipation of an initial coat of primer. The typical method of using oversized pieces of masking tape and cutting in situ around the frame didn't work successfully in this case because of the very small pane size, so careful measurement (thank goodness for digital calipers) and cutting of individual tape panels was the order of the day. The fuselage and lower wing were primed at this stage, so that after any remedial work they could be painted in their final colours prior to joining them, the spacing when assembled being quite small and potentially difficult to mask

afterwards. Like many aircraft of the era, the Mavis had significant external wire bracing of the flying surfaces and outrigger floats, none of which was replicated or advised by Trumpeter. In order to make the rigging easier, the lower wing half was fitted to the parasol pylons taking care to get the alignment right, and was supported with the prepainted underwing braces using a commercially available jig. With the triangulation struts added to the braces, diagonal rigging wires in the strut bays could now be added using Uschi van der Rosten elastic thread anchored with superglue and drawn through predrilled holes in the lower wing half. The outrigger floats need some care during assembly, since the strut to float and strut to wing fit is very loose, reinforcing pieces being added inside the wing and some filling being needed to close the joint gaps. With the bottom wing half securely fixed and rigging in place, the upper wing half could be carefully glued on, making sure that the dihedral was properly maintained. The engines are one of the weakest areas of the kits lacking any sort of cylinder or gearbox features, and missing the two prominent exhaust stacks in the upper quadrants. One option for improving engine detail would be the resin aftermarket set produced by Rob Taurus, which requires the modeller to construct each new engine using separate crankcases and fourteen separate cylinders. Wanting a simpler solution, some reclaimed 7-cylinder engine fronts, possibly from a DC-3, were used to cast resin replicas and the kit's cowlings drilled out to accept the new inserts. Exhausts were added using plastic tube, and whilst not completely accurate the hybrid engines were a distinct improvement on the kit's bland offerings. The engines from kit 1322 were used with their less clunky closed cooling gills, and the incorrect long intakes were shortened and drilled out. All four of the kit's propellers had suffered some damage in the packaging, despite what appeared

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to be sensible protection in the arrangement of the moulding sprues, so repairs were undertaken using superglue.

Colouring In With the main components assembled, airframe painting could be completed, at least in its initial guise, using Mr Hobby H61 IJN Grey for the undersides and H59 IJN Green for the upper surfaces. The leading edges between the engines were masked and hand painted the characteristic Japanese orange/yellow, using Citadel Yriel Yellow. Engine fronts were painted aluminium and the propellers Tamiya XF-58 NATO Brown. In anticipation of the final white surrender paint, masking wasn't applied too rigorously around the delicate tailplane struts. A thin coat of Microscale Gloss prepared the surfaces for decals, only the Hinomaru on wings and fuselage being needed. The kit decals were used for the wing underside and fuselage side, but were found to be slightly out of register so the upper surface circles were masked and painted using Mr Hobby H327 Red Period photographs show that these aircraft suffered the characteristic chipping and flaking of the original camouflage paint frequently seen on Japanese aircraft, revealing bare metal and often the red primer routinely used on Japanese maritime aircraft early in the war. In the smaller scales however, it's easy to overdo this effect so it was applied lightly, particularly on the lower hull and floats, using a combination of stippled Vallejo 079 Aluminium, Tamiya XF-64 Red Brown and PrismaColor pens. So with the aircraft finished in it's typical war scheme, the white surrender over spray and crude green crosses could be applied, Tamiya XF-2 applied thinly for the first, with the lower demarcation on the fuselage at the hull chine, and the transverse break just below the wing trailing edge being

masked with tape, as photographs show this to be a hard line. Tape masks were cut for the green fuselage and wing crosses, making them just a little crude and asymmetric and only lightly pressing them onto the surface to give slightly fuzzy edges. The green was Tamiya XF-5. A second stage of weathering was undertaken at this point, this time engine exhaust staining being applied using an indeterminate mix of brown, black and tan streaked with pastel chalks, and a very faint dirty waterline added, more heavily on the forward part of the hull since there would have been little exposure on the tail after the white paint was splashed on.

Finals Final finishing involved adding the complex pitot and aerial mast fittings and stringing the aerial wires, photographs and drawings showing a variety of options. Although the only available photographs of these birds showed them parked on the ramp at Yokohama, the absence of beaching gear in the kit and the paucity of reference information to allow a scratch built set suggested an in-flight pose for the final model. Rather than use Trumpeter's kit supplied stand, which had some nasty seams and sprue attachment points, a simple base was used, initially in plain grey but subsequently finished to represent an aircraft that had just taken off.

Conclusion Trumpeter's Mavis kits have been around for a while now, and whilst not currently listed as new on many mail order websites are reasonably readily available. The kits are easy to build and the result is an unusual, elegant model. With some care a credible replica of an important Japanese aircraft can be produced. Thanks to my stash for the opportunity.

References Aircraft Profile 233 Kawanishi 4-motor Flying-Boats (H6K Mavis and H8K Emily) by MC Richards



End of the Road Kawanishi Type 97 H6K5-L/H6K4-L Mavis


By Karl Robinson


White 2 Victor K.2 XL189 During the Falklands Campaign


By Haymond Ball


Walkaround North American F-107A


By Steve Muth Peregrine Publishing


Flanker Time HobbyBoss Kit in 1/48


By Rick Greenwood



Aircraft in Profile Gulf War Recollections A Selection of Colour Artwork on US With Colour Profiles by Mark Rolfe



Reaping the Wind Revell’s Eurofighter Typhoon By Peter Doyle


Colour Conundrum 18 Group Coastal Command Norge Scheme of 1943


By Paul Lucas


uch food for thought this month. Ray Ball’s beautiful Victor tanker conversion skips just a step ahead of the aftermarket to tell the story of one of the most singular combat operations undertaken by the RAF since World War II. The Black Buck saga will be known to many who have enjoyed the sight of XH558 at air shows over the years but the Victor’s crucial part in the mission is all too often overlooked. I am very pleased to present a detailed look at the Revell Eurofighter by Peter Doyle. Peter’s knowledge goes well below the skin on many modern and contemporary types and it’s another of those articles that offer a great deal of insight and ancillary information to help you make a more accurate model. Just wait until we unleash his piece on the Airfix Provost... This month’s Aircraft in Profile is a selection of profiles of USAF subjects from the second Gulf War. Normal service will be resumed as soon as possible here, but we wanted to make room for the Warpaint Picture Special, and it is also the height of the holidays and our regular writer is off on holiday in Malta, no doubt hoping for some divine inspiration into the colours of Spitfires from the days of the siege to add to the growing mountain of information by Mr Paul Lucas. Paul himself has left Malta alone for this month and it is with this month’s Colour Conundrum in mind that we are running the Beaufigther pictures section. Of course this is written early in the production cycle, and at time of writing it is still anyone’s guess as to whether or not the editor will present a finished Hs 123, something in 1/144 (Huw Morgan’s articles continue to nag him in this respect), or the customary blather about kits he built fifteen years ago, which is his usual fallback when he is in the process of missing a deadline. Only time will tell...

By Gary Hatcher

With Artwork by Mark Rolfe

Editor Distributed to the UK and International news trade by




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By Des Brennan

STORE FINDER Subs-Section: Trumpeter Defiant by Huw Morgan, Sea Furies by Tim Skeet and Sub-Cutaneous by Paul Lucas

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Sorge reports to our Facebook page

Spread the NewS

It will not have escaped readers’ notice that we have been playing down the News-related sections of the magazine in the acceptance that with the best will in the World we cannot hope to compete in print with the Internet in this respect. Rather than trying to sell you dozens of pages of material that you probably read on a website three weeks ago we have been concentrating on including less time-sensitive material, and while we accept there are some readers who do not spend their lives on their computers we are satisfied that this is a better use of page space. Of course we will continue to run items that we regard as relevant and of interest, but the days

when it was appropriate to base an entire editorial policy around being ‘first with the news’ are past… In print at least. But SAM has been laying the ground for a comprehensive interaction with the Internet for years, and our Facebook page is currently one of the most active and wellrespected in the industry. Moving forward we aim to continue keeping the greater part of our readership informed on new releases through the Facebook medium and with this in mind we have asked our Newsman Richard Sorge to take responsibility for reposting press releases and

eduard Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 8207 type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Eduard www.eduard.com In writing an initial review of a modern Eduard kit there's always the risk that it will sound a bit like a broken record, with good packaging, excellent instructions,

Sorge reports will be posted frequently and regularly and shared with our Facebook readership – this weeks statistics show over 77,000 posts reached. In the meantime, to ensure your item gets the maximum coverage it deserves email news updates and images of anything – from a new resin NACA duct in 1/144 to a 1/32 Fairey Gannet - to my colleague Mr Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett, who hasn’t nearly enough to do and will pass the material on to Sorge for wider usage. Send all material to: [email protected]

photo etched brass and so on. That potential repetition can't however take anything away from the underlying quality of the offering, which is as true for this latest issue in Eduard's 1/48 scale Bf110 line as for the rest of their output.

be seen how the nose cowling will fit. The wheel wells appear complex in the instructions, and having had the editor muttering darkly about the fit of the nacelles I'll reserve judgement on overall fit until the thing is built.

So what does this typical orange box hold? First impressions are of an overwhelming amount of plastic with ten hefty grey sprues plus two in clear, two frets of photo etched brass and a set of masks. I didn't count the parts, partly because so many are marked not for use, including a complete set of Hirschgeweih radar antennae and the Shräge Musik guns, the Dackelbauch fuselage tank, loads of weapons and the up-armoured fuselage halves for the -G onwards. With some careful research, a number of alternative builds could be contemplated.

The canopy parts are superbly clear, and offer several options in terms of opened or closed. Eduard's masks will no doubt prove excellent, although once again I'll bemoan the fact that with such large expanses capable of being opened, there are no masks for the inside, which would allow a more realistic finish to be achieved. The aftermarket can do it, why not Eduard?

The plastic as ever is excellent, although the packaging of several sprues in one bag did mean some scuff marks on my admittedly well travelled example. The photo etched parts are absolutely typical Eduard, with coloured pieces for the trademark layered instrument panel, the belts and some smaller panels in the cockpit. The plain brass parts are mostly for the radiator faces and the small antennae for the FuG 212 radar relevant to a couple of the marking options.

Messerschmitt Bf 110F profipaCK

bulletins, as well as scouring the Web for news of products and kits.

Five schemes are offered, three Bf110F-2 day fighters, one from ZG 1 in RLM 76/75/74 with the famous Wespen nose art, and two from JG 5, RLM 76/75/74 and white distemper, and RLM 76/75/74, and two Bf110F-4 night fighters from NachtJagdGeschwader 6 in RLM 76/Black, and NJG 4 in RLM 76/75/74. The construction sequence is archetypal Eduard, with significant effort up front on the cockpit and internal weapons, and there's certainly enough detail here to warrant opening up the canopy. There's a detailed nose weapon bay, with the four MG 17 nicely rendered, but it remains to

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Overall, yet another accomplished offering from Eduard, to swell the ranks of the Bf110 series. Never having built one of these in 1/48 before, I'm rather looking forward to this one.

hataKa New sets from Hataka cover some useful subjects and it’s good to see the modern RAF getting a look in with this range at last. htK-aS86 russian aF helicopters paint Set Volume One Although many post soviet helicopters operated by the Russian Air Force still wear a mix of various colour schemes gained during gradual overhauls in many workshops, in early 2010 a new standard scheme of overall dark grey was successfully introduced on most types including the Mi8/17 family, Mi-26 heavy transports and Mi-24/35, Mi-28 and Ka-52 attack helicopters. After less than five years a decision was made to revert to a more standard three colour camouflage of green, contrary to the more olive colour used in the soviet times, and light tan on upper surfaces, with bright blue lower surfaces. Up to date representatives of all the above mentioned types have already been observed in this new scheme. This set includes eight standard colours for Russian helicopters since 2010. htK-aS87 British aaC helicopters paint Set Since the early 1970s the Army Air Corps (AAC) has used several painting schemes on its helicopter fleet. The initial BS Olive Drab and black scheme was used well into the 1990s, when a new scheme of BS Olive Green and BS Medium Sea Grey was introduced. The latter is still in use on Lynx AH.7/9s and Bell 212s, alongside the US Army Helicopter Drab, FS34031, used on the Apache AH.1 fleet. The new AW159 Wildcat (Lynx Wildcat) features the scheme, shared with Royal Navy airframes, of BS

NEWS Medium Sea Grey and BS Dark Sea Grey. This paint set also covers the Operation Granby period, in which several field improvised camouflage schemes were applied onto Lynx AH.7s and Gazelle AH.1s.

BReNGUN This month sees new releases in a variety of scales from Brengun. 1/72 Plastic Kits BRP72025 A-36 Apache USAF

HTK-AS87 includes standard colours for Army Air Corps aircraft since the 1970s.

BRP72026 A-36 Apache UK

HTK-BS44 USAF, USN and USMC Paint Set (Modern Greys) This set offers eight colours in the Blue Line, which are acrylic paints designed for brush painting. The colours included cover standard camouflage colours for US aircraft since the late 1970s. The Orange Line are lacquer based paints.

1/144 Accessories BRL144129 L-39 Albatros Vacform Canopy for the Attack/Mark I kit

HTK-CS18 US Navy and USMC High-Vis Paint Set This boxed set includes standard colours for US naval aircraft between the 1950s and 1970s and comprises lacquer based paints, optimised for use with airbrush.

BRL72130 Velorex for the Eduard kit

HTK-CS55 Modern Luftwaffe Paint Set Volume Two This set incudes standard colours for German aircraft from the 1980s to 1990s. The set comprises eight lacquer based paints, optimised for use with airbrushes. HTK-CS73 Modern Royal Air Force Paint Set Volume Two Another new addition to the Orange Line, this set includes standard colours for RAF aircraft from the 1950s to the 1990s and includes High Speed Silver, Desert Sand, Hemp, PRU Blue and the usual green and greys. www.hataka-hobby.com

toolings, some formerly from the Model Alliance range. SAM has already seen a number of new releases but there looks to be plenty more in the pipeline. Check out www.air-graphics.co.uk

1/144 Plastic Kits BRP144006 He-162 A2 war prizes

BRL144130 L-39 Albatros for the Attack/ Mark I kit 1/72 Accessories BRL72128 WWI aircraft details BRL72129 Fieseler Fi 156 Storch for the Academy kit

BRL72131 Japanese 250kg bomb (two in box) BRL72132 A-36 Apache/P-51 Mustang Canopy Masks for the Brengun kit 1/48 Accessories BRL48084 FuG 202 BRL48085 Super Etendard for the Heller kit BRL48086 Caudron CR.714 C-1 for the RS Models kit BRL48087 Yokosuka MXY7 OHKA Model 22 Canopy Masks for the Brengun kit 1/48 Construction Kits BRS48005 Chester Jeep 1/32 Accessories BRL32024 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero interior for the Hasegawa kit BRL32025 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero exterior for the Hasegawa kit

SPeCiAL HoBBy The following kits, unavailable for some time, have now been manufactured and packaged by Special Hobby and are available again: 1/48 100-A022 Latecoere 298 100-SH48090 Albatros C.III 1/72 100-SH72158 X-1E 100-SH72175 Koolhoven FK-51 Netherlands East Indies Air Force 100-SH72048 Koolhoven FK-51 100-SH72246 SAAB A-21R 100-SH72307 Caproni Ca.311 100-SH72309 Caproni Ca.311M 100-SH72313 Caproni Ca.311 Foreign Service 100-SH72093 PV-2 Harpoon 100-SH72140 Skua Mk.II 100-SH72231 Seafire Mk 46 100-SH72160 X-1A/D www.specialhobby.eu

AiR-GRAPHiCS Air-Graphics now have a new website with a growing range of new resin items and re-issued

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REVELL Focke-Wulf Fw-190 A-8 Night Fighter By Andy McCabe Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 03926 Manufacturer: Revell GmbH Type: Injection Moulded Plastic www.revell.de/en This is a brand new kit from Revell in 1/32 and follows on from their previous F-8 release. There are ten sprues of grey and three clear sprues of injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one instruction booklet. Colour call outs are for the usual Revell paint numbers with RLM cross references. This kit also comes with a stand, which is unusual for a release in this scale. A full engine is provided and this can be displayed with the cowls open to show it off in all of its magnificence. Decals are provided for two aircraft: •Focke Wulf Fw 190 A-8/R11, night fighter 500666, II./JG 301, ErfurtNord, June 1944 •Focke Wulf Fw 190 A-8, 961093 RED 3, JG 301, May 1945 Having previously built and reviewed the F-8 I jumped at the chance of reviewing this one as the previous kit was superb and I

hoped this one would be just as good, and with the addition of the radar antennae on the wings, it will look even more impressive.

REVELL MiG-25 RBT By Rick Greenwood Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 03931 Manufacturer: Revell GmbH Type: Injection Moulded Plastic www.revell.de/en Received from Revell is their boxing of ICM's Mig-25 RBT. This release is of the reconnaissance version with the elongated nose section. Parts count quoted on the box lid is 166 and this is quite a small number given the size of the model. The grey coloured parts reside on seven runners and feature some excellent engraved detail, while the clear parts are housed within a smaller eighth sprue. The flight controls are separate items but shown in a retracted state during the build, so hopefully they can be added in a more animated position to add visual interest to the model. The newer style of coloured instruction booklet breaks down the build into sixty eight separate stages that are depicted with some well rendered CAD type diagrams. Revell continue to suggest only mixes of their own range of paint for the colour call outs so some extra research will be needed by the modeller wishing to use their

preferred brand. Markings are provided for two Russian Air Force machines in 1992 and 2012, both sporting an overall grey camouflage scheme. The seemingly small decal sheet contains both sets of markings and some stencil data and looks to be well printed and in good register. This looks to be a great kit and will result in a rather large and imposing aircraft measuring over forty six centimetres long and twenty eight wide when completed.

IPMS IPSWICH We have been notified of changes to the club venue. Due to reasons beyond its control, the Ipswich IPMS has had to move its meeting place to the Ipswich Indoor Bowls Club on 136 Rushmere Road, Ipswich, IP4 4JU. We are advised it has plenty of parking, a bar and better lighting! The meeting date will be the same, the fourth Tuesday of each month. www.ipmsipswich.com




HOBBYBOSS Sukhoi SU-30MKK By Rick Greenwood Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 81714 Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Creative Models/Squadron HobbyBoss seem intent on supplying the modeller with a full family of Flankers in various guises. This is another recent release in the form of the SU-30MKK or Flanker G. The seventeen grey plastic sprues are accompanied by full span upper and lower fuselage sections, these being contained on their own cardboard insert. The clear parts are spread over three more runners with rubber tyres and a small etched metal fret making up the rest of the components. The parts are well moulded and to the standard we expect from HobbyBoss these days so nothing unexpected. Overall detail is adequate for the scale along with some options such as open or closed canopy, jet exhausts in dilated or closed positions, dropped flaps and leading edge slats. Parts count is modest for such a large model and the build process is taken care of in a dozen steps. These are well laid out in the kit’s instruction booklet with easy to follow pictorial diagrams. Markings for two Chinese options are included but no specific information regarding the unit or time frame is given. These, along with the decal placement guide for the weapons, are supplied on two A4 size sheets and printed in full colour. The kit supplied decals are of the usual standard for HobbyBoss and while no doubt usable many will look elsewhere for a greater choice of markings. Having built their earlier SU-27 the build should be a straight forward affair.

PLATZ New Releases We have been pleased to receive a number of kits from Platz, these being a mixture of reboxings and original toolings. Not all are brand new but as Platz currently have no UK distributor they will be unfamiliar to many. Space precludes a comprehensive breakdown of every kit but below are some notes on items received, and as they are all going out to the review team we look forward to covering them more fully in coming issues. All of these kits are produced to a high standard, with fine engraving and excellent decals. Most include colour placement sheets for markings and while the original toolings are particularly impressive, Platz seem to be

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careful about choosing only the better toolings for reboxing. AE-4 1/72 MiG-15 UTI Finnish Air Force If you are going to rebox someone’s plastic then make it an Eduard kit! This is a very nice repackaging of the Eduard two seat MiG-15 with a decal sheet offering two Polish and two Finnish options. The kit does not include the etch or masks originally boxed by Eduard but does feature shaped nose weights. AE-5 1/72 Su-27 Flanker B Updated This we understand is the Zvezda kit offering a new decal sheet that gives two aircraft from 2011 and 2013 in the attractive blue camo schemes. Includes standing and seated crew figures and a full weapons load with stencilling.

AC-8 1/72 T-33 USAF Bicentennial This kit will be more familiar to readers and is Platz’s own 2012 tooling reboxed with a striking bicentennial scheme. Worth getting hold of in any of its guises! AC-17 1/72 JASDF F-15J Eagle Now this is something special! Platz’s own tooling again, this time from 2016 and featuring some beautiful tooling and exquisite detail, especially in the cockpit. Markings offer codes for seven different aircraft and a full weapons fit is included. FC-3 1/144 F-82F/G Twin Mustang This is a reboxed F-Toys Gashapon kit so is a mixture of the sublime (fit and external detail) and not so sublime (canopies compromised

NEWS BY SORGE for snap fit). Actually on this model the canopy is not so bad and once blended in masked and painted should look fine. Three colour schemes included, two black and one silver/Day-Glo, and two complete kits are in the box. Nice! FC-4 1/144 J35F Draken Another F-Toys rebox. Also includes two kits and three colour choices, with two Swedish and one Austrian machine provided. FC-5 1/144 F-4E Phantom II US Air Force As previewed here in a previous issue, and with two kits and three decal options again. The lugs on the canopy might give one pause but SIG 144 advise me this is not insurmountable, and it is certainly a better F-4 kit in this scale than hitherto released. FC-6 1/144 Lightning F.6 Royal Air Force Again, covered here recently. This really is a little beauty and we’ll be offering a build from the SIG in due course! Two kits and three decal options once more, including 74 and 11 Squadron F.6s and a 92 Squadron F.2A As mentioned, Platz currently have no UK distributor. The website can be found at www.platz-hobby.com and Hobbylink Japan also stock the range. The US distributor is listed as Dragon USA.

STRINGBAG! ISBN: 978 09932 588 31 Format: Softback, 132pp www.insidethearmour.com After two long years of building and writing the release of ‘Stringbag! A Modellers Guide to the Art of WWI Aircraft’ will take place on October 21st during Scale Model Challenge 2017 in Veldhoven, The Netherlands. This book focuses on WWI Aircraft exclusively with a strong leaning towards Wingnut Wings kits. Jeroen Veen and Flip Hendrickx have a deep passion for these models and wanted to share their experience, hoping to inspire in a way modellers that feel the same about this era in history. This book is filled to the brim with thoughts, ideas and techniques to get the best results from WWI aircraft kits. All specific techniques to build them are included and illustrated in the book, and Jeroen and Flip bring two distinct and individual approaches to modelling these fascinating machines. The book contains full build articles on the Hansa-Brandenburg W.29, DH.9A Ninak, AEG G.IV (Late), Hannover CI.II, Roland D.Via and Morane-Saulnier type N and special theme articles on painting wood, painting leather, painting Castor oil staining, carving props, rigging, and creating a small vignette Release 21st October.




Valiant Yugoslav Warriors IK-2 and IK-3 By Pierre Charlebois


n the brink of World War II the Yugoslav aircraft industry produced two outstanding fighter designs with the high wing Ikarus IK-2 and the low wing and retractable undercarriage Rogozarski IK-3. Both had Hispano-Suiza or licensed made 12Y engines developing 860 and 920hp, bringing max speeds of 435km/h and 535km/h at 3,100 and 5,000 meters respectively. Armament consisted of an engine mounted 20mm canon and two 7.92mm machine guns, although some IK-2 had the canon removed. The pilots found the IK-3 to be more manoeuvrable than the Hurricane MK I and BF 109E also flying for the Royal Yugoslavia Air Force. About sixteen IK-2s and IK-3s were serviceable at the time the German armed forces invaded Yugoslavia in April 1941. During the brief war, their valiant resistance accounted for thirty five kills, a dozen brought down by pilots flying Yugoslavia made fighters. A number of IK-2s went to fly for the newly created Croatian Air Force. Sadly, no aircraft survived the war. Two or three IK-3s were believed to have been captured and tested by the Germans. However the picture of an aircraft coded 5+7 is obviously a fake forged from a horizontally reversed winter 1939-40 photograph. Also dubious is the image of an aircraft coded CL+Li, missing the top of the Balkenkreuz and bad code alignment, which raises doubts about a third coded GP+IK and supposedly tested at Rechlin. Doubtful at best until new evidence comes to light. The soft boxes contains a ten page A5 format instruction sheet with Gunze Sangyo and FS colour reference numbers, while a plastic bag protects the single grey sprue with more bags for the clear parts and Aviprint decals. The IK-2 has an extra photo etch fret sealed separately with the decals and instrument panel film. Canopies are provided both as injection and vacform transparencies. The IK-3 even has two vacforms, a blessing in the event of any scalpel mishap. Both aircraft were all metal with fabric covered control surfaces and rear fuselage, which FRROM/Azur translates into exquisite engraving. Overall span and fuselage dimensions capture the shapes quite nicely. After the ejection pegs are removed, a dry fit show no alignment issues. Oddly enough, I found the IK-3 plastic to be somewhat soft and extra care was needed not to dent the surface. The harder IK-2 styrene reacts much better. The minimalist cockpit tubs are adequate with

Ikarus IK-2 VVKJ

Rogozarski IK-3 April Fights

Kit No: FR015

Kit No: FR012

Scale: 1/72

Scale: 1/72

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic

Manufacturer: FRROM/Azur www.frrom.com

Manufacturer: FRROM/Azur www.frrom.com

floor, bulkheads, crude seat and control column and an instrument panel. The IK-2 has a replacement etch panel with instruments on clear film. The etch seat belts are closer to 1/48 and were discarded to the spare box. A fighter aircraft cockpit tub is no cozy living room and I went the extra mile to make it look busy. References show only one IK-3 cockpit photo, but I adapted the design to both aircraft as they share the same engine and armament configuration. Both kits have raised frames mirroring each other. The IK-2 frame is quite accurate, but the IK3 is moulded too far back. I erased the side frame with a number 10 X-Acto blade, and 0.70mm styrene rods were glued in place. References do not agree on the actual cockpit colours being metal or underside blue-grey but a silver permanent felt tipped pen gave a quick and realistic bare metal finish. I turned now to scratch build seats with 0.25 mm thick Plasticard strips. The safety harnesses were made from paper strips with buckles cut from springs made from thin speaker wires rolled to a spring around a pin. I completed matters with a seat adjustment handle glued to the side of the buckets. The corrugated U shape floor is made from N scale sheet by Evergreen. I added a control column with a fire button and wiring, plus a rudder bar with foot rests. For good measure, I tested their alignment with an Airfix World War II seated pilot. Trim knobs, throttle handle and the likes were made from styrene rods and strips of various sizes painted with colour felt pens and dabs of Tamiya acrylic paint. The IK-2 etch instrument panel was given a black marker wash and yet again the silver pen gently dry brushed over to bring the rings to the front. I planned to glue the IK-3 injected panel in the same fashion, but a scaled down test print out from one of the references looked so good I choose to go with it. Small tubes and wires added life to the backing plate. The completed cockpit tubs were left aside until ready to join the fuselage halves together.

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The Ikarus IK-2 has recessed engine vents while the IK-3 has raised intakes, both quite convincing. A number of other intakes were drilled open on both kits, likewise the oval patches blocking the Rogozarski gun apertures. The IK-2 intakes located at the front of the landing struts were made from styrene rods and bent much like ocean liner vents. I removed 2mm from the oil cooler pan and painted it metallic silver. Note the IK-3 seems to have two Lift Here holes at both fore and aft ends while only one is evident at the rear on the IK-2. The IK-2 engine exhaust pipes were drilled out and brought to an oval shape using sideways motions of the drill and painted with a dab of bronze metallic felt pen. The long oval recessed line around the IK-3 exhausts panel has to be puttied and sanded flush. The exhaust pipes were replicated from real miniature copper tubing, a little pressure with pliers making the oval shape. The cockpit tubs were now inserted and the fuselages glued together. The IK-2 needs extra care and putty to align the radiator with its front part. The one piece IK-2 wing needs attention. Of decent scale size for injected plastic technology, the aileron balance masses parts were replaced with 0.4mm plastic rods for better scale effect, heated at one end to form an oval bead and bent to shape. I made four extras while at it, as the IK-3 kit offers none. Leave them aside to be painted and glued until the very end. Tiny L shaped etch parts cut from spare torque gear links replaced the flaps and rudder actuators. Tamiya grey putty diluted with drops of acetone followed by Mr. Surfacer 1000 brushed over brought a smooth finish after gradual 600 to 1,500 grit wet and dry surface preparation. The wing is a good fit to the top of the fuselage. The three part IK-3 wing needs a little preparation also. The port under wing has a sprue peg mark on a recessed panel line, meaning putty and scribing tools. The trailing edge was thinned, the wheel well sanded

CZECH OUT vertical and the wing root oil carburettor intakes drilled out with grills carved from microscopic brass mesh. I thinned and adjusted the leading edge just enough for a good cement bond. The wing root joint is already quite flush and needs almost no putty. The underside step joint gets an easy fix with a rectangular piece of Plasticard and two thin strips glued on each side and sanded flush until the belly radiator sits flat. The IK-3’s under nose intake and both aircraft’s radiator grills were made from permanent coffee filter mesh. The IK-3 radiator part protrudes over the fuselage. I sawed it to the correct width and added Plasticard to each side. I admit the kit grills could have been adjusted to proper size for simplicity. Reference materials differ, suggesting the IK-3 kit rudder is either spot on or 2mm short, almost six scale inches. However a careful study of the side view photos shows the kit rudder trailingedge to be accurate. The IK-2 rudder is 1.5mm short at its trailing edge and both too vertical and has too pointed top. A thick grey Plasticard replacement was enhanced with strip ribs sanded almost flat. I grooved the stern fin post with a round file for a tight fit with the rudder hinge. The one piece IK-2 tail plane inserts well in its place with minimal file work. The underside struts came from the etch fret. I feel closed canopies better capture the design, feel and shape of an aircraft. The IK-2’s injected canopy received a dip in a fifty-fifty solution of distilled water and Klear, available here as Future acrylic wax polish. Silver paper strips make for a crisp frame. For an open cockpit on the IK-2 I cut free the windshield from the canopy and ditched the rear canopy as it slides hidden into the rear fuselage. Now on to the IK-3 transparencies. The windshield to canopy frame is vertical instead of being slanted forward from the middle down. While the injected part is too short anyway, the lesser evil is to work with the vacform provided, faulty frontal frame notwithstanding. I did vacform my own moulding and always use clear decals or paper strips painted with interior/exterior colours to simulate the frame to great scale effect. In all honesty, I always scratch canopies beyond repair each time I cut a mask from clear parts. Eventually, I ended up receiving an aftermarket vacform canopy from Aleksandar Andric/Warhawk Productions produced at the time the kits were first released. The canopy was long out of production, but he had an example he was willing to part with. For the time being canopies, instrument panels and pilot seats were left aside to be glued until the last minute, which saves having to mask such delicate parts and spares me from seeing plastic dust on the inside of glued canopies. The two part tyres and propeller hubs need careful cleaning and alignment before being fitted, and the tyres were pressed on a warm iron

to get a weighted effect.

down fifteen percent for scale effect.

I could not get each six part IK-2 undercarriage to hold straight for a dry fit. All parts were given small wire pegs and accompanying attachment holes in the fuselage and wing. The sixth strut is a thin etch bar I replaced with a 0.5x1.0mm plastic strip. The main V shape struts have no attachment pin for the wheels, so I made two from sewing pins. The port wheel attachment point is tilted outward and has to be sanded straight. Each wheel received a centre nut from a Greif hex nuts and bolts maker. The tyres were painted dark grey, of one drop of white to fifteen black, and weathered with various shades of grey colour pencils. I decided to paint the landing struts separately to the underside colour for I could not figure out how to airbrush neatly around the complicated struts once glued in place.

I always brush Microscale Liquid Film over the decals for extra protection. The decals reacted well to Microscale set and sol solutions but be aware that they will stick to a clear finish within seconds.

The IK-3 main landing gear oleo leg supports the torsion link, not the wheel so piano wires, aluminium tubing, large screen mesh and a brass paper fastener were used to make new landing gears and tire fairings. There should have been a brake wire along the main leg, but I could not quite figure out its location from the meagre reference photographs. The wheel fairing doors were thinned a little. Tail wheels are similar on both kits and needed just a little clean up, before being weighted in same fashion as the main tires. The yellow bands for the IK-3 front blade tip come from rectangular panel boxes taken from an Italeri F-84 decal sheet. The IK-3 hub had too much belly fat and got a serious sanding diet. I drilled a 0.80mm hole to insert a small Minimeca cannon nozzle tube. I removed the cannon pin from the IK-2 as White 31, which I chose to depict, had no cannon. I sanded the hub round and smooth. All six blades have locating beads, which I removed also. The IK-2 has options for pre-war aircraft coded Black 1 to 5 with silver dope fabric covered areas and polished aluminium fuselage and wings plus three tone upper surface camouflage over light blue-grey undersides The IK-3 kit options are for an all light blue-grey plane or three camouflaged aircraft. Based on reference photos I decided for colourful aircrafts, an IK-2 coded White 31 with serial number 2107, and a late 1940 IK-3 numbered 2158. Let’s sum up the colour options. All eight colours were different and the chances are they were not quite similar from one aircraft to the next (thanks to Aleksandar Andric who pointed out this fact during our correspondence). The paints were manufactured locally, but also mixed at both Ikarus and Rogozarski factories. On top of this the Yugoslav Air Force also had the basic paint shades for their other aircraft, such as the Hurricane Mk I. For the IK-2, I made an educated guess with Humbrol 98 Chocolate, 118 US Tan and 88 Deck Green over 65 Aircraft Blue. The IK-3 went with Humbrol 160 German Red Brown, 94 Brown Yellow and 149 Dark Green over 23 Duck Egg Blue, with all colours toned

The Yugoslav national markings are a shade pale, but this adds to the scale effect. I tinkered a bit to come up with a number 2158 from the 2153 kit decal, probably a first in arithmetic history where three plus three makes eight. I found out later that FRROM has aircraft number 2158 covered in their FR013 Belgrade Defence offering. The IK-2 side number 31 comes from Heinz Bär’s White 13 BF-109E3 from an Aeromaster Luftwaffe Top Guns set cut to match the style. A few coats of Modelmaster matt varnish were added to seal and I drew the IK-3’s port walkway with a silver pencil over a Tamiya masking tape template. Final construction steps saw the propellers, tyres, aerials and the IK-2’s landing strut cables attached with the addition of a Venturi tube under the starboard window. Note the IK-3 mass balances are tilted inward whereas the IK-3’s are straight with the airflow. Aerials and cables were made from invisible sewing thread painted yet again with a silver felt pen and rudder navigation lights were 0.40mm white styrene rods painted silver in the same fashion and coloured silver, green, red or white. A minute drop of Crystal Klear liquid adhesive simulates the round lenses. For the IK-3’s underside wing lights I glued two bulbs made from heating 0.20mm fishing monofilament over a candle, coloured red and green with a felt pen. A drop of Crystal Klear and there you go.

Summary Very good value for money for a limited run kit. Beginners will be able to enjoy a great build straight from the box. The more experienced will have some fun with the scratch building challenge. I warmly recommend these kits to anyone wishing to add some variety and colour to their World War II fighter collection. Colour options for an Ikarus IK-2 all metal and a Rogozarski IK-3 all sky blue are quite appealing and shall other kits walk my way, I’d certainly take up the challenge. Thanks to Gilles Fontaine at FRROM for going the extra mile shipping the kits overseas, and to Aleksandar Andric for his astute comments on the Rogozarski IK-3.

References Aérojournal 30 (Aug/Sept 2012) AirMagazine 50 (Oct/Nov 2010) and 53 (Aug/Sept 2011) Avions 149 and 150 (Jan/Feb and March/April 2006) Maketar IPMS Serbia 3/2013 and 1-2/2014 War Planes of the Second World War: Fighters Volume Four by William Green




Rumanian Defender Special Hobby’s IAR-81C By Bryce Nicely

Kit No: 32068 Scale: 1/32 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Special Hobby Hannants/Squadron


hen I first received the Special Hobby IAR-81C, I was not sure what I was going to find in the box. I was about three quarters of the way through their Tempest Mk V and it had surpassed my expectations in some areas, namely the detail, but less so in other areas. Upon opening the box, I found a handful of sprues packaged together in Special Hobby's typical fashion with colourful instructions, a small bag of resin pieces and beautifully printed Cartograf decals. To be fair, I don't know if Special Hobby just took the moulds from Azur or milled them themselves, but they were a step back from the Tempest. There was a surface texture on most of the main pieces and there were no part numbers on any of the sprues. It wasn't terribly difficult to find the correct pieces. There was one instance where I couldn't find a piece and used a wrong one, only to find the correct piece later. It was something minor in the cockpit, but it could have been avoided entirely if the sprues were marked. I did find however, that there is a number guide in the instructions. Unfortunately I found this guide when I was on the painting stage of the build. The biggest issue that arose from the missing numbers was matching the correct aileron and flap hinge to the correct spot on said moving surface. I eventually lined them up smallest to largest and placed them in order where it made sense to me, larger hinge towards the inside. Actual construction started in the only place I

logically could - in the cockpit. It went together fairly well but I had to clean up most of the pieces. It seems the mould halves line up pretty well but do not have crisp edges which left seam clean up on just about every piece. A bit of an annoyance on some of the tiny cockpit parts. With the cockpit assembled, I primed and painted everything with Mr Surfacer 1500 black and Mr Paint MRP-67. I'm not sure of the accuracy of the cockpit colour, but it seemed to match up with what was called out in the instructions. The kit comes with photo etch for the seat belts which look good enough once in place and painted. The cockpit is a bit compartmentalized, so I attached the instrument panel to the now fixed mounts after the cockpit tub was complete. I decided to replace the kit instrument panel with an aftermarket prepainted one from Yahu. It was a huge upgrade for something that typically attracts a lot of eyes. The Yahu panel fit flawlessly. Now came time to close up the fuselage. There are locating holes on the fuselage halves and though they line up well, they are not deep enough for the pins on the cockpit assembly to fit without bending. I drilled out the holes as deep as I could, and actually went too far on one side and poked through to the outside. The fuselage was glued together with MEK (methyl ethyl ketone), my new favourite solvent. MEK works like Tamiya Extra Thin but it is a bit hotter and sets quicker. The halves went together without too much problem but there was some slight warping towards the tail. I held it straight while the solvent set but there was still a noticeable bend. The wings were the next sub assembly. They go together easily, but don’t fit very well. There is a vent piece on the forward edge of each inner wing that doesn’t have a positive fit. I guessed on how it went and made it work. The holes for the gun barrels are slightly too small so they were bored out to make the barrels fit. Moving surfaces were all in two pieces and full of ejector pin marks that need to be removed in order to make the halves fit together. On a positive note, the flaps can be posed retracted or extended. The wings are fitted to the bottom of the fuselage after assembly. Again the fit here isn’t very good. Part of the poor fit was due to the warping of the fuselage, part due to the design. The wing to fuselage joint at the nose was the worst with approximately a one millimetre gap on either side. On one side it had to be filed down while on the other I had to fill. A diamond file and Bondo putty made relatively quick work of it, but better engineering could have saved a lot of trouble.

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On the tail, there are two supports for the horizontal stabilizers that mount on the fuselage. The instructions show these supports mounting in two holes that are forward of the stabilizers. Later pictures of the supports show them mounting in holes very close to the rudder. There are holes in the fuselage in both places. I mounted them in the forward holes, which is wrong. They are slightly too short to reach their holes in the stabilizers from this position. I couldn’t remove them without destroying them so I left them in place. With the wings and moving surfaces attached, I primed and painted the fuselage, again with Mr Surfacer and Mr Paint, and added decals for one of the supplied aircraft in the kit. The Cartograf decals went down beautifully and settled into every crevice with a little bit of Solvaset. The only decal problem I had was with the rudder. The decal is oversized and should be put on before the rudder is attached to the plane. I attached the rudder first and had a very hard time making the decal fit. I ended up removing the decal and just painted the red, blue and yellow stripes. With the majority of the build complete, it was time to move onto the engine. It goes together as expected and was one of the better areas fit wise. Unfortunately, much of the engine is hidden by the cowl and a large cover over the crankcase so it doesn’t make a lot of sense to super detail it. Getting the cowl to fit was a bit challenging. It mounts directly to the outside of the cylinders but when test fitting there was a millimetre gap at the cowl joints. The cylinders had to be sanded enough that the cowl fit, but not so much that the cowl was loose. This was taken care of and the engine assembly was glued to the fuselage The build was just about finished at this with the landing gear all that remained. The struts and wheels themselves are rather nice and go together well. Some weighted wheels would be nice but the round kit wheels still do the job. The problem arose when trying to mate the struts to the inside of the wheel wells. The holes were too small for the struts so again I had to make the pieces fit by cutting and filing until everything went together.

Conclusion I think Special Hobby missed the mark a little bit with this one. It’s not entirely their fault as it was a reboxed kit, but it could have been better. It definitely wasn’t as good as their Tempest. Too much time was spent making things fit that could have been spent elsewhere. Of course, if you want an IAR-81 your options are limited to this boxing.

h c t a els P d s o Ga m


Show Must Go On Special Hobby’s SAAB AJS 37 By Martin Kershaw

Kit No: 48188 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Special Hobby Hannants/Squadron


his kit appears to be a re-issue of the Tarangus SAAB JA 37 Viggen from 2014, which was subsequently reissued by Special Hobby in 2015, the previous version being released in the standard Swedish splinter

camouflage schemes. Development of the SAAB 37 commenced in 1952 with the first flight of the canard delta wing single engine combat aircraft taking place in February 1967. The type entered service in June 1971. Several versions were produced throughout its career, including a two seat version before its final retirement from service in 2005. The subject of this kit represents the special scheme applied by 1 Division/F10 (motto The Show Must Go On) to one of their aircraft to mark the retirement of the aircraft from the squadron, and its replacement by the SAAB JAS 39 Gripen. The kit comes in a large sturdy top opening box with full colour illustration and description of the contents. The actual contents come as several carefully bagged sprues, including one transparent sprue and one photo etched frame, from which you will have a few items left over, these obviously being required for other boxed versions of the aircraft. A single decal sheet provides for just the one version, SAAB AJS 37 Viggen, 37027/10-57, 1 Division/F10, based at Angelholm in early 2000. There is also a full colour, sixteen page instruction booklet. The only colour references are to the Gunze range. I used a conversion chart as I try to limit myself to Tamiya and Vallejo acrylics. The mouldings are to a very high standard, with fine recessed panel lines, and the photo etched frame provides additional detail components for the ejection seat and cockpit.

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Construction was very straightforward following the sequence suggested by the instruction booklet. The fit of parts was superb with only minimal filler being required. In fact it gave very little to comment about. The only concern I had was fitting the rear and forward fuselage sections together, where I ended up with a gap of approximately two millimetres. I assumed that I had done something drastic in preparing the two sections, and on checking back on the instructions, step 8 instructed me to remove two millimetres from the rear of the front section spine. On removing this I was back on track, the two halves coming together perfectly. I must assume that other boxed versions may involve a longer fuselage. Once the major airframe was completed the canopy was masked, the airframe wiped down with IPA and then given a fine cover of Hycote grey plastic primer. Decisions on final scheme were not required other than the choice of a suitable Tamiya red, TS8 Italian Red and X7 Red. Application of the decals was straightforward, assisted by the use of Microsol solution. The airframe was then given a coat of Humbrol Acrylic Clear, before the undercarriage units and doors were added. Overall an uncomplicated build, producing a realistic representation of the subject. As this was my first look at a Special Hobby kit, my only negative comment must be to the referencing of Gunze paints to the exclusion of more readily available brands.





Victor K.2 XL189 During the Falklands Campaign By Raymond Ball

The Martin Baker Mk.3LS ejection seat provided for the pilots. The survival equipment items are contained in the seat, protected by a yellow plastic cover. On top of this cushion material placed to add some comfort, with sheepskin being popular

Bruntingthorpe’s HP Victor K.2 XM715 seen at Fairford in 1984, still in tactical camouflage scheme with white undersides. XM715 participated in the Black Buck 1 Operation as White 4. By this time the fin top had been altered with the installation of Radar Warning Receiver equipment build a model of XL189.

The very large box and impressive art work of the Airfix HP Victor B.Mk 2 (BS) kit. Over 200 detailed parts with a comprehensive instruction booklet

Kit No: 12008 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic The rear crew swivelling seat of the Radar Navigator. The three rear crew members did not have ejection seats, but their seats did have an assister which inflated the seat cushions to push them towards the escape door

The completed basic cockpit layout. The floor was covered in a non-slip black coating. The crew comprised two pilots, two navigators and an Air Electronics Operator. A spare seat was installed behind the pilots to carry the Crew Chief on away from base detachments

Manufacturer: Airfix www.airfix.co.uk


0th April 2017 marked the thirty fifth anniversary of the first Black Buck mission of the Falklands Campaign, when Avro Vulcan XM607, under the command of Flight Lieutenant Martin Withers, bombed the runway of Port Stanley Airport. Whilst news reports stated that the attack was carried out by a lone Vulcan Bomber, little mention was given to the eleven Handley Page Victors that carried out a complicated choreography of airto-air refuelling tasks to get it there. Principal amongst the Victors was XL189, designated White 2 under the command of Squadron Leader Bob Tuxford, destined to accompany the Vulcan to the furthest reaches of the South Atlantic with its precious fuel for the mission. Bruntingthorpe Proving Ground, a former Royal Air Force Station and home of the Cold War Jets collection, including HP Victor K.2 XM715, marked the occasion with a Black Buck 35th Anniversary get together, including a large gathering of participating aircrew. This event was my inspiration to

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My model collection contained both the Matchbox Victor K.2 and the new Airfix Victor B.2. Whilst the Matchbox kit represented a Victor K.2, and would have been an easier build, it has several drawbacks and having seen how good the Airfix Victor looks I decided that this would be the basis of my model, even though it meant more conversion work. Being a volunteer at Bruntingthorpe gave me access to a real Victor K.2 on which I could do research and measurements, although I still needed to do further research to ensure my model could be as accurate as possible in depicting XL189 as it looked in 1983.

The Airfix HP Victor B.2 Opening the large box reveals a treasure chest of superbly moulded part sprues, with little flash and finely engraved surface detail. There are over 200 parts (I stopped counting) and I was full of enthusiasm to get started. Alongside the sprues is a twenty three page instruction booklet, containing 129 build steps to model completion, a painting and decalling guide and a comprehensive decal sheet, covering the two subject aircraft of the kit: • HP Victor B.Mk 2 (BS) XL512 of 139 Squadron, RAF Wittering 1963-64 in an all over Anti Flash White scheme with toned down markings • HP Victor B.Mk 2 (BS) XL189 of the Victor Training Flight, RAF Wittering 1968 with Dark Green/Medium Sea Grey upper surface camouflage and white undersides As I was going to model XL189 as a tanker in this scheme, the camouflage pattern artwork and the serial number decals were going to prove useful. Being a Victor B.Mk 2 (BS) version means that the aircraft was

converted to carry the Blue Steel stand-off missile, and parts are provided in the kit to build the missile and the semi recessed bomb bay area where the missile was housed on the aircraft. If it is not intended to model the aircraft with the missile, parts for a standard bomb bay area and bomb bay doors are also provided.

HP Victor K.2 XL189 The aircraft started life on the production lines of Handley Page at Radlett in Hertfordshire with a company designation of type HP80/70 (Victor B.2) in 1961 and was delivered to the RAF as HP Victor B.Mk 2 XL189 on 16th December of that year. Her early years were spent in the training role with 232 Operational Conversion Unit and the Victor Training Flight, but in 1964 she returned to Radlett for modification to Victor B.2R (Retrofit) standard. This involved the fitting of more powerful Rolls-Royce Conway Turbofans and the addition of airflow improving wing fairings, called Kuchemann Carrots, named after their designer, Dr Dietrich Kuchemann, an RAE aerodynamicist. The aircraft were also fitted with an in-flight refuelling probe and with improved systems for both aircraft operation and the ability to carry and launch the Blue Steel stand-off missile. She was then allocated to 100 Squadron at RAF Wittering. In 1968 after a repaint of the upper surfaces from anti flash white to the standard Dark Green/Medium Sea Grey camouflage scheme, she was back with the Victor Training Flight. That same year tests showed that the Vulcan was the more capable low level bomber and the Victor began to be phased out of service. The Wittering Bomber Squadrons, 100 and 139, were disbanded, but the Training Flight continued training crews for the Strategic Reconnaissance Victor and the Victor tankers that were remaining in service.


The Navigator/Radar station, showing the main radar screen and the periscope, which can see wing tip to wing tip below the aircraft giving a view of other aircraft approaching to take fuel With the need for the RAF to have a more capable air tanker fleet, the availability of surplus Victor B.2Rs to replace the ageing Victor B.1s in that role was proposed by Handley Page. Victor XM715 was undertaking wing damage repairs at Radlett and was used by the company as a trials aircraft for what would become the Victor K.2. However, Handley Page went into liquidation and ceased operations in February 1970. The RAF were still keen to go ahead with the conversion programme and a contract was awarded to Hawker Siddeley to undertake the work. The Victors were moved to Woodford, the home of Avro, and work commenced with the first Victor K.2 XL233 joining the RAF in May 1974. Twenty four Victor B.2s were converted to full K.2 standard including XL189, which joined 55 Squadron in 1975. Later Victor K.2 XL189 moved over to 57 Squadron and on 18th April 1982 joined the Operation Corporate detachment at Ascension Island in support of operations against the Argentine Forces invasion of the Falkland Islands. On 30th April 1982, designated White 2, XL189 was one of eleven Victor K.2s that took off on Operation Black Buck 1, the bombing of Port Stanley Airfield by a Vulcan, to deny its use to the Argentine invaders.

The Victor K.2 Conversion of the Victor B.2 variants to Victor K.2 standard was a considerable undertaking. All the equipment and related infrastructure for its bombing and offensive operations role were removed and the bomb bay area redesigned to hold fuel tanks and a central Flight Refuelling (FR) 17B Hose Reel Unit. The wings were also modified with plumbing and a hard point on the outer wing to house a FR Mk 20B IFR Pod. Strengthening strips were also added at wing joints and to lessen wing stress eighteen inches were cut off each wing tip, giving the Victor K.2 a

My model version of the instrument panel using the Eduard placard, painted grey, and decals for the fuel management panel

The Navigator/Plotter station in the centre, with a range of navigational instruments and table space for charts

The Air Electronics Operator station from where the aircraft systems and radios are monitored. Note the Morse Code tapping key was still retained

wingspan of 177 foot, something I would also have to do to my model. The Victor K.2 also carried additional and updated equipment for its new role, including navigational equipment, a TACAN Beacon and revised cockpit instrumentation with a fuel control panel. Externally these changes amounted to new lumps and aerials on the aircraft, which I would also have to add to my model.

Model Construction Construction begins with the cockpit interior and as a fair bit can be seen through the greenhouse glazing I decided to add some detail using the Eduard Cockpit Interior Set ED73578. Some changes to this are necessary though as it is produced for the B.2 Bomber version and the K.2 interior is different in some areas. The first steps deal with the Martin Baker Mk 3LS ejection seats provided for the pilot and copilot. Build is straightforward with two parts for the seat structure and a third part to fit on moulded as the seat cushion and back padding, with appropriate straps. I used the Eduard straps. The seat structure is painted black, but the only colour given for the seat and back padding is Yellow 24. The Mk 3LS has a survival pack in the bottom of the seat, which is protected by a yellow plastic cover. For comfort this is covered by a cushion, sheepskin being popular, so little of the yellow cover is actually visible. The back padding containing the parachute is in shades of brown canvass. Straps are brown and blue. The brown straps are attached first securing the pilot to the parachute and seat survival pack and the blue straps secure the pilot to the seat. Some of these straps are actually together, but cleverly, after ejection the seat will sever the blue straps and fall away leaving the pilot secured to the parachute.

The captain’s (port) cockpit area showing the throttle quadrant position, control column yoke and flight instrumentation

Next are the four rear crew seats, which are not ejection seats. The rear crew of the Victor

The central fuel management console in detail. This is usually managed by the copilot. The lower part is the switch box for the autopilot

Detail of the area above the pilots' seats. This area of the cockpit is painted black

The nose wheel well assembly showing the plastic rod added to strengthen and support the nose wheel leg. Also shown is the pipework and hydraulic fluid tank




Inner wing detail showing the flap actuators. Notice the slight droop of the flaps

Nose shot of Victor XM715 showing the air intake lips and guide vane detail

comprises the Navigator Radar, Navigator Plotter and Air Electronics Operator.

them all Tyre Black. Then using Eduard Paint Masks set EDCX471 I painted the hubs aluminium.

Later provision was made for a fourth seat to be added behind the pilot, for the crew chief to be carried on overseas deployments and for crew instructors on training missions. These seats are on a swivel and contain a back parachute. In an emergency the seats will swivel towards the escape door, unlock the seatbelts and the seat cushion will rapidly inflate pushing the occupant up and away, assisting them to evacuate the aircraft. The seats are painted interior grey/green, but lighter than the suggested Humbrol 78 to which a little white should be added. The head rests and knee supports look grey, but on closer inspection they seem originally to have been tan brown leather, faded over the years. As I was doing an aircraft as it was thirty five years ago, I painted these areas tan brown.

Main undercarriage leg and wheel details

Wing root and air intake parts. Note the slots and anchor points for the air intake splitter vanes

The cockpit area floor is covered with a black non-slip coating and the rear instrumentation panel is also painted black. Part 85, the rear instrumentation panel, is well moulded and gives scope for plenty of detail painting, but little will be seen. I opted to use the Eduard instrument placard, which looks good in this area. The work surface in front of the rear facing crew is a brick red colour and Humbrol 70 looks right. Steps 9 to 16 deal with the nose wheel bay. The detail of the cables and pipes in this area is amazing and does match the real aircraft. I followed the steps and found the fit of parts to be excellent. However, I did not fit the nose wheel leg (part F13) at this stage, preferring to leave the undercarriage to the last. On a dry fit of these parts, I had a concern about part J14 being able to take the nose weight required for this model. Consequently I added some plastic rod under J14 to give it some support. Before attaching the front and rear bulkhead parts (F16 and A4) I cut off fuselage side A1 and used this to ensure that I had the correct alignment angles for the later fit of this nose wheel area into the fuselage. All of this area is natural metal, predominantly aluminium, so I sprayed this area with Halfords Aluminium and added detail in other colours where needed. Steps 17 to 22 deal with the large and characteristic Victor tailplane. The Victor B.2 does not have the two light attachments moulded on part A9, and these should be removed, although they were a later fit on the Victor K.2. Perhaps a tanker version is coming from Airfix in the future as I found the kit was moulded to take alternative parts.

Inner wing assembly showing air intakes, jet pipes and main undercarriage wells. Ignore the instructions and do not cut off the outer flap fairings

Steps 23 to 27 deal with the assembly of parts making up the main undercarriage. You get a lot of wheels for your money in a Victor kit. To ease the work I cut off and smoothed all eighteen wheels (including the nose two) and sprayed

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The undercarriage legs were built as per the instructions except that parts G21 and G22 did not slot into the lower legs and I had to use a drill bit as a reamer to smooth out the slot until I had a satisfactory and secure fit. I left the final fit of the undercarriage legs till the end.

Wings and Engines Steps 28 to 53 deal with the assembly of the wings, intakes and engines. At this stage of construction you need to decide whether you wish the model to be displayed with the wing flaps up (closed) or down. The kit parts are moulded for the flaps to be in the down position, so if you wish for the flaps to be shown in the normal up position then you will need to do some cutting and trimming of the kit parts. However Airfix have not got this correct on the instruction sheet and if you follow their instructions, you remove parts you will need later. If you want the flaps up, do not cut off the flap actuator fairings as shown in steps 28 and 29. When it comes to installing the flaps in the up position (steps 98b and 99b) you will need to cut off the tabs moulded on the inner facing of the flaps (parts F19, F20 and G13, G14) and trim/file the wing actuator fairings down until a flush fit is obtained. I am advised that when Victors in service with the RAF were parked the good hydraulic systems of the aircraft and the use of control locks meant that the flaps maintained their up position. Flaps would only be seen down if they were purposely set to that position. Once an aircraft had landed, flaps would be selected up to avoid being damaged by debris that may be thrown up from the wheels. It was the same with the tail air brakes. Once parked they remained firmly closed and would only open when that was selected. Kit part D7 is a large one piece section of the upper surface of the inner wings and part of the upper fuselage between the wings. It is a key part of the kit as the wing support brackets, wing undercarriage bays and the engine assemblies are all attached to it. First the support brackets for the outer wings are attached in steps 28 and 29, with the brackets, parts D3 and D4, being quite substantial wing supports. There are fitting guides moulded on the underside of part D7 to help with alignment but a strong joint of the parts needs to be made to give the large wing the strength it needs. Step 30 is the fitting of the main fuselage support bracket, part B1, which also includes the upper air intake housing. The front of this part forms the visible upper lip of the air intake and


Kit parts D1 and D2, the lower wing tips, had to be shortened by seven millimetres as the Victor K.2 was eighteen inches shorter at each wing tip than the Victor B.2 some judicious fine sanding might be necessary to give a nice closed fit. The fit of parts is very good so we are just talking about closing a thin hairline. Step 31 is about fitting the lower part of the air intake. Although the fit of parts is good there was going to be a visible join line between the upper and lower parts. The inner sides of the intakes parts G7 and G8 for some reason have been moulded as separate parts to be fitted at steps 34 and 35. As they are part of the visible interior of the intakes, they should be steps 32 and 33. Dry fitting the parts together and cleaning up the interior surface area with a fine round file and sander reduced the prominence of the join and a smoother fit. Whilst all the parts were separate, I also airbrushed the interior surfaces satin white and when dry carefully glued the parts together using Tamiya Extra Thin Cement. There was still evidence of a join line, but a little rubbing down and a touch up of paint made this all but invisible. Steps 32 and 33 are about fitting parts F9 and F10, the engine front compressor fans. These should be painted aluminium with a silver centre. It is better to fit these parts after fitting parts G7 and G8 as parts F9 and F10 effectively seal the end of the intake, reducing access to smooth the interior joints after fitting the G7 and G8 intake sides. Anyone looking into the engine air intakes of a Victor cannot help but notice the numerous vertical struts and airflow guides that cross the front of the intakes. They are themselves a feature of the Victor frontal appearance as well as performing the vital task of strengthening the intake area and channelling air to an acceptable speed and quantity into the engines. I was intrigued as to how Airfix had tackled this area. Their solution was truly amazing. Each strut and guide was moulded as an individual part and fitted through matching shaped slots cut into the lower intake. Steps 36 and 37 cover the fitting of these parts. These too can be painted white before fitting and care is needed to ensure an accurate vertical fit to the upper intake. Again a little touching up may be needed, but the end result really does look the part. I would have preferred a seamless intake for this area as it is large and visible, but if you are prepared to put in some careful work a good result can be obtained. Steps 38 to 43 are about assembling the main undercarriage wing bays and these are pretty straightforward, though you do need to ensure that parts H41 and H42 are fitted the correct way as shown in the instructions. Once these were assembled onto the inner wing areas, I sprayed the bays aluminium, their prominent colour. Whilst I was doing this, I also located the nose and main wheel undercarriage doors, parts

The upper wing tips, parts M2 and M3, also needed to be cut back for the eighteen inch reduction. Because of the wing taper the shortened wing tip is also wider so parts M2 and M3 were cut and widened H44/H45 and F14/F15, and painted their internal surfaces aluminium too. Assembling and fitting the engine thrust jet pipes to the upper wing is covered by steps 44 to 49. These parts go together well and the join line is easily tackled. Looking at the real aircraft, the Airfix suggestion of painting the interior of these Humbrol 53 Gunmetal is pretty close. Steps 45 and 48 give a guide to painting the centre of the rear turbine fan, part J23. I painted it using Humbrol 53, but also did some dry brushing to highlight the blades, though you cannot see much once the parts are fitted. I used a little Xtracolour Exhaust on the jet pipes to help make them look the part and break the evenness of the all over Gunmetal. The final assembly work on this upper wing part is the fitting of the outer wing sections to the original brackets fitted at stages 28 and 29.The upper parts of the outer wing, parts E4 and E7, have a small slot along their trailing edge that needs to be cut away if it is intended to fit the Kuchemann Carrots, which are located on the upper wing and extend over the trailing edge. Steps 51 and 53 deal with the fitting of the lower parts of the outer wing, parts E3 and E6. Half way along the inner surfaces of these parts are a series of incomplete holes running front to back. Whilst not mentioned in the instructions, these are where the refuelling pods would be positioned on the Victor K.2 Tanker, so I drilled these out ready to fit the pods later. Care with the alignment of the upper and lower wing parts here will produce a good seamfree fit. With all the assemblies attached to the main upper wing part D7, this becomes quite a heavy structure and assumes the classic wing droop and crescent shape of the Victor wing. I placed balsa wood blocks and old towels on my work bench to support its weight and shape and left it a few days to set.

The shortened wing tip fitted to the right wing. The gaps caused by the widening and thickening of the parts were filled using Plasticard and Milliput Extra Fine White. White primer showed any gaps and flaws which needed attention

On conversion to the tanker, a retractable Flight Refuelling Ltd Mark 17 hose drum unit was installed at the rear of the bomb bay. It is shown here in the closed position. The bomb bay doors were removed and the whole are faired over, with a support bracket replacing the hinge area

For my conversion I added the hose drum unit from a Matchbox Victor kit into the bomb bay doors of the Airfix kit. The door central joint line was filled as there is no joint line on the underside fairing of the tanker

The Fuselage Steps 54 onwards are about completing the fuselage interior ready for both sides to be brought together. First however, whilst both fuselage sides were still separate and easy to work on I needed to complete some external work applicable to the Victor K.2 Tanker version. Looking at the real aircraft, on the starboard side of the nose, just in front of the air intake, there are two strengthening plates scabbed on to the side. I measured these plates and their location and made my own out of 5 thou Plasticard. These were then cemented in place on the side of part A1, the starboard fuselage. Before doing any further work on the fuselage, I wanted to ensure that both sides would fit well together. Dry fitting of the sides showed a reasonably good fit, with some gap areas along the fuselage spine and near to

Underside detail. The front of the bomb bay houses a fuel tank and the underside fairing has a fourteen inch wide support and access cover band running side to side. On the fuselage undersides on each side to the rear of this band are small strakes, each fifty two inches long, shown here




Underside details of the Victor K.2 Tanker bomb bay conversion

where the location pins where positioned. A little fettling with sanding sticks to remove some slight flashing cured the spine fit, whilst gaps around the location pins were cured by filing down the pins, which were a bit too long. I did have a concern about the lower nose area behind the bomb aiming windows, as the fuselage sides folded inwards at the bottom joint giving a concave appearance. I hoped that fitting the internal parts and adding some weight would restore this area to its correct shape. My final task was to ensure any holes that needed drilling or areas needing to be cut away for the fitting of later parts were done. Happy with the fuselage sides, I then turned them over and started to prepare them for fitting the internal parts, beginning with the interior painting. Victor bomber versions had a predominantly black interior whilst the K.2 Tanker version introduced grey areas.

Detail of the Flight Refuelling Mk 20B IFR Pod. The pod has a small air scoop on the left side rear and there are light units on each side of the support pylons

The bomb aimer’s compartment in the lower nose and the entire floor area is black. The pilot cockpit side walls are grey up to the level of the cockpit glazing, extending back to the rear end of the lower cockpit windows, parts M6 and M7. The canopy glazing framing interior and the area above and to the sides of the ejection seats, stretching back to the side access door position is painted black, from that point, the sidewalls and ceiling of the rear compartment are painted grey. For these grey areas, Airfix suggest Humbrol 28. This grey seems to have a brownish tint to it and consequently does look like the interior colour today. However, the colour today is tainted by age and weathering and I suspect the original grey to be lighter and something more like Humbrol 166. The side and rear instrument areas in the rear compartment are painted black and the side to side workbench for the three crew members positioned there does have a brick red coloured covering.

The Omega navigation aid antenna housing, positioned under the rear fuselage. I cut and fashioned the housing from Plasticard to add to my model

The T shaped part H56 actually represents a tail wheel with two light units either side

Rear fuselage and tail detail showing the rear fuselage access hatch, elephant ears air intakes, the closed air brakes and fin details

To complete the cockpit area, once the paint has dried you need to cement in the side windows to each fuselage half. If the door is to be fitted closed, it too can be added at the time. Behind this the nose wheel assembly is located and that area of the fuselage sides also needs to be painted aluminium as it forms part of the wheel well. Once painted the wheel well assembly can be cemented into the fuselage. As the rear part of this assembly is also the front bulkhead for the bomb bay, that area too, parts C2 and A5, can also be cemented into the fuselage. At this stage you need to consider whether you wish to display the aircraft with its rear fuselage air brakes open or closed. As I wished to display my model as a Victor at rest on the ramp, this would normally be flaps up and air brake closed, so I went straight to step 62b and fitted the internal bulkhead part F17, before moving to step 76b and cementing the side air brake doors, parts F1 and F2, in the closed position. If you do want the brakes to be fitted open, steps 56 to 62 cover this. But as you are also adding weight to the tail, do not forget to add the weight to the nose. With the cockpit area complete the cockpit assembly can now be cemented into the fuselage nose, step 63. A word of advice. Later on, step 92 is about fitting the pilot’s instrument panel and combing, which is after the fuselage sides have been cemented together. This is an absolute pig to do and my advice is to complete steps 89 to 92 before step 63 and cement this instrument panel in place at the same time as the rest of the cockpit assembly.

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Whilst the Victor B.2 did have a black instrument panel, part H48, the tanker version K.2 had a grey panel. Strangely this panel is more of a bluish grey than the standard grey of the cockpit and I found it a close match to Air Defence Grey and used Xtracolour 138. With the internal parts fitted, the last thing to do is add some nose weight to enable the completed model to stand on its wheels and not be a tail sitter. The gap behind the cockpit and above the nose wheel assembly is where I placed my weights. The suggested weight to add is twenty five grams and I added about twenty seven just to be sure. With this weight going onto the nose wheels, it was prudent to add the support to part J14 before step 14. The fuselage sides are cemented together at step 66, with the rudder, part G20, being inserted between the tail parts at this time. I taped both sides together and left it to set for twenty four hours. The fit of the sides was good and only a little filler on the nose was needed.

Fitting and Finishing the Wings The upper wing assembly on part D7 completed earlier comes together with the fuselage in step 67. The central brackets of part B1 attached to the upper wing at step 30 are for fitting into the slots in the upper fuselage. Some careful file work was needed on the brackets and in the slots, not only to position the upper wing fully into the slots, but also to ensure the fit is at the right angle for the correct wing root to fuselage join. It does not need much as the fit is very good, but it does need a little support whilst the cement take hold, to keep the heavy wing part from dropping away from the correct fuselage join position. Part D7 also forms part of the upper fuselage, which may also require some fettling to attain a good fit. I did find some gaps and small alignment issues around the intake root area, but nothing a little sanding and filling could not put right. I chose to add parts H36 and H37 at this stage rather than wait until steps 70 and 71 as they assisted with fit and alignment. With this wing assembly in place step 68 comes next, the fitting of strip part F18 in the vacant slot along the upper fuselage. For the bomber version location tabs need to be cut out of this strip for the fitment of various aerials. The K.2 Tanker version has a different arrangement of upper service aerials and equipment so I did not have to make the cuts, but I did need to add the radio compass fairing at the front of this strip. Looking down on this fairing, it is teardrop shaped, narrowing towards a slightly rounded end. From front to back I measured it at 122cm and 52cm at its widest near the front. From the side it also reflects its teardrop shape, rising sharply at the front flattening out and then falling away. At its highest point it is 13cm top to bottom. I worked out the sizes in scale and reproduced the fairing using Plasticard and a similar shaped fairing from my spares box. Step 69 completes the main fuselage assembly with the fitting of the tailplane to the fin and rudder. The tailplane fits into a slot at the top of the fin, but a little filing and sanding work was needed to get a good fit as the locating strips on the underside of the tailplane were slightly wider than the slot they fitted into.

Shortening the Wing Tips The wing span of the Victor B.2 Bomber is 120 feet. The wing span of the Victor K.2 Tanker is 117 feet. To lessen wing stresses when carrying the


My model upper surfaces in primer white. This helps identify any gaps and flaws I need to fix as well as providing a good surface for the top colours flight refuelling pod, the wing tips were reduced by eighteen inches. The wings also narrow towards the tip and the Victor B.2 has a cross section length of 10 feet at the tip. I measured the wing tip of Victor K.2 XM715 at Bruntingthorpe and cutting eighteen inches off gives the Victor K.2 a cross section length of eleven feet at the wing tip. For my model, I had to make the wing tip shorter and wider. The wing tips are made up of two parts, the lower tips are part D1 for the left and part D2 for the right. These slotted against parts M2 for the upper left tip and part M3 for the upper right tip. Both the upper wing tip parts are moulded in clear plastic, strange when only the light housing at each tip actually needs to be clear. Starting with the lower wing parts D1 and D2, I measured eighteen scale inches in from the tip end of the part using a Murphy’s 1/72 Scale Rule and drew a line across the part at that point. Using a standard rule, this line was 7mm in from the edge of the part. With a razor saw, I then cut along the line, in effect cutting eighteen scale inches off the lower tip parts. The upper wing tip parts, M2 and M3, now needed to be cut back for them to fit the shorter lower parts. As these were now also wider the upper parts would have to be widened too. On the upper surfaces of parts M2 and M3, there is a central panel line from the inner slot out to the centre of the tip. Using this as a guide I cut along the line with a razor saw, cutting M2 and M3 into separate front and rear parts. Placing these parts against the shortened lower wing parts highlighted what further cutting I needed to make for the parts to fit together and for the pitot tube housing to fit in its revised position. I did add the pitot parts, J15 and J16, at this stage to ensure the fit was accurate. However I also cut away much of the tube length, intending to replace this with a thinner metal tube later. With all the cutting completed I cemented all the parts together using some 5 thou Plasticard to increase the thickness a little to ensure a flush fit all round. The resultant gap between the front and rear parts of M2 and M3 was filled with plastic rod and Milliput Fine White filler. When set I dry fitted these wing tip parts to the outer wing and checked the dimensions. A little filing was needed to the tip parts and using two small set squares positioned at the wing tips, I measured the wing span to be 19.5 inches or 117 feet in 1/72 and cemented the wing tips in place.

The completed undersides finished using Halfords Appliance White and Euco Decals. Note that the top surface camouflage colours spread over the leading edges to the undersides

The top surfaces were completed following the standard Victor tactical camouflage pattern. I used Tamiya Medium Sea Grey and Dark Green

The Undersides of the Model

In-flight Refuelling Modifications

The next stage of the instructions deal with completion of the wings and the underside of the fuselage. With the upper wing surfaces complete and attached to the fuselage step 79 completes the wing structure, with the fitting of the lower wing parts D5 and D6. The locating holes for the large underside wing fuel tanks need to be drilled out before fitting. A dry fit first showed the mismatch with the flap actuators, which as stated above need to be trimmed to give a flush fit if the flaps are to be positioned up. This is an easy task and the overall fit of these large parts to the upper wing and fuselage sides is very good. The leading edge of these parts also has the lower lip of the air intakes and a little care and fettling in the fitting can result in a gap free join. On the ground the Victor is usually parked with the front of the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) in the lower position, but if you wish this to be up and closed as it would be in flight, then part J13 needs to be added to part D5 before the lower wing is fitted.

The bomb bay doors were removed and the bomb bay area was modified with the installation of additional fuel tanks and the necessary plumbing for the fitting of a retractable Flight Refuelling Ltd Mark 17 hose drum unit at the rear of the bomb bay. The whole of the bomb bay area was then faired over except the hose drum unit, which needed to be lowered under the aircraft for the hose to be unreeled out to the receiving aircraft. When raised it just shows as a small hump on the lower fuselage.

To complete the inner wing areas I fitted the jet pipes, steps 87 and 88, and then added the underside air scoops, steps 94-97. Fitting the flaps in the up position is covered by steps 98b and 99b. The tabs on the inner faces of the flaps need to be trimmed off for them to have a flush fit under the trailing edge of the wings. Steps 100-103 cover the fitting of the underwing slipper fuel tanks. On earlier versions of the Victor these tanks could be jettisoned in emergencies, however they were a permanent fixture on the Victor K.2, but fuel dump valves were added to the lower rear end of the tanks. The housing for these valves is not fitted on the tanks provided in the Airfix Kit, so I cut them off some Matchbox tanks I had and grafted them on. A little filler was applied to blend them on to the tank. The Airfix tanks do seem to have a cutaway area on them ready for a future fit of the dump valve housing. The end tip of the tank is hinged and fastened to the outer flap, so slopes down when the flap is lowered. The tip, parts J29 and J30, need to be trimmed to fit if the flaps are positioned down. Steps 101 and 103 cover this. The Kuchemann Carrots, steps 106 and 107, are located on the upper wing and extend over the trailing edge. A slot cut out of the upper wing shows where they should be positioned and the instruction book diagrams assist with their correct alignment.

The fairing over the bomb bay area is does not have a central join running its length like a bomb door split but does have a cut out at the back for the hose drum unit. For this fairing I used the kit supplied bomb doors part, filled the join line and cut out a section to take the hose drum unit area and parts from the Matchbox Victor K.2 kit. Having photographed and measured this area on Victor XM715 I then set about scribing and cutting the access panel lines on the underside fairing. The flight refuelling equipment, including the hose drum unit, occupy roughly the rear third of the bomb bay area. The front two thirds house a bomb bay fuel tank and associated pipe work. The large fairing covering this area has a support band fourteen inches wide about its midpoint and I added this on my model using 5 thou Plasticard. On each side of the lower fuselage just level with the aft of this support band are two strakes that stick out from the fuselage about two inches and are fifty two inches long. I used plastic card to add these to the model. Also from this point back there is a support bracket on each side of the fuselage running the length of the bomb bay area. This bracket is five inches wide and sticks out only a few millimetres from the fuselage sides. Again I added these using 5 thou Plasticard. To go with the fuselage flight refuelling equipment, the Victor K.2 also carries a Flight Refuelling Mk 20B IFR Pod under each outer wing. Those provided in the Matchbox Kit are a little basic so I obtained the Resin Pods produced by Heritage Models, which turned out to be slightly less basic but needed more work. The pod pylons have a light fairing each side at the trailing edge. These are lumps on the Matchbox pylon and non-existent on the Heritage one. I fashioned these from some clear parts in my spares box and did some fettling work to make them look the part. There are




The completed model. The Airfix Victor is a lovely kit and a real joy to make

Falklands Campaign Victor and Vulcan Crew Veterans, with members of the Victor Team at Bruntingthorpe. My model is dedicated to these veterans

already locating holes for these pods in the wings for a future tanker offering from Airfix.

glazing, including the small side and door windows, I covered them with Eduard Paint Masks set EDCX471 for the Airfix Victor.

Tail and Nose

There are two cockpit side panels, parts H62 and H63, which I found difficult to fit. The shape of the hole in the cockpit side did not seem to be the shape of the part meant to fit into it. I needed to do some filing, sanding and filling to get a good fit. The internal colour of the glazing framework is black and with the masks in place, only the framework is exposed. I added some masking over the refuelling probe location slot and sprayed this whole area matt black. I then added the probe, part H61. Please note that resting the model upside down puts weight and strain on the probe and may cause it to break. I formed a block of Blu-Tack and positioned this behind the canopy whenever I needed to work on the underside of the model. This kept the probe clear. Apart from some aerials and the undercarriage, which I was keeping till last, the model was now substantially complete and I could move to the painting stage.

Finishing off the tail area occupies steps 77 and 78. For a Victor K.2, the tail cone of parts F11 and F12 should be used. To assist with navigation on the long distance flights over the South Atlantic, Victor K.2s were fitted with Omega, a position indication system used by the United States Navy. The aerial box for this system was attached to the bottom of the rear fuselage next to the tail cone. I measured this unit to be 17.5 inches long and 10.25 inches wide at the front. At thirteen inches from its front edge it tapers inwards to an end width of 4.25 inches. It is two inches wide and its rear is positioned 2.75 inches forward of the tail cone joint. I cut a scale box using Plasticard and cemented this to the model. The T shaped part H56 actually represents the tail wheel with two light units either side. Whilst some aircraft have a tail skid to protect the rear fuselage from touching the ground when the nose is raised, the Victor has a small wheel for this purpose so it should be painted tyre black. The light units are directed forwards and illuminate the lower fuselage flight refuelling unit. At the top of the tail I needed to add the bulbous bullet from parts H23 and H24 to the front of the fin. This is correct for a 1983 Victor K.2. The more pointed front and rear bullets came later when the aircraft were fitted with a Radar Warning Receiver. On the ground at rest, it is usual for the Elephant Ears Ram Air Turbine intakes to be deployed. These are steps 113 and 114. In normal flight these would be retracted into the fuselage.

Falklands Campaign Victor and Vulcan Crew Veterans, with members of the Victor Team at Bruntingthorpe. My model is dedicated to these veterans

The striking upper camo on the Victor is apparent in this contemporary shot (Mike Beer)

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Turning to the nose area, with all the internals fitted the tasks now are steps 93 and 119-121. This covers the nose glazing and associated parts. For the Falklands Campaign the Victors were also tasked with reconnaissance duties and the bomb aiming windows at the front of the nose, which in many cases had been faired over, were restored and used to assist in the visual recognition of ships located in the South Atlantic. Adding clear part M5 was therefore important for my model. Part M10 is the main cockpit glazing, which is nice and thin, very clear and a near perfect fit. I used Deluxe Materials Roket Odourless (Green Label) cyano glue to fix the glazing. You do not need much, which reduces the risk of over runs, and it is non blooming so will not fog the glazing. It also gives a strong bond. To protect all the

Painting and Decalling The undersurfaces of the Victor K.2 were painted in the same Anti Flash White paint retained from their V Bomber days. This had a satin finish and gave a robust coating to the aircraft, so much so that it is said that Concorde also had this same paint. To replicate the Anti Flash White I resorted to the modeller’s standby and used Halfords Appliance White. It gives good coverage, a smooth finish and has a subtle sheen. To me it is a good match to the original. When dry I masked off the lower surfaces, being careful to follow the hard fuselage demarcation line between the upper camouflage colours and the underside white. The upper surface camouflage colours also spread over the leading edges of the wing and tailplanes on to the undersides for a few inches, all along from root to tip. The air intake fronts were filled with Blu-Tack, shaped to mask the white areas beyond the intake front and lips. The upper surface camouflage colours are BS381C 637 Medium Sea Grey and BS381C 641 Dark Green. Recently I have been impressed with Tamiya Acrylic Paints and these two colours are available in their range as XF-81 and XF-83 and they are very good. Before starting on the upper surfaces, one thing I needed to do for the tanker version was to mask three white strips across the wing tips for later use. There is a standard upper surface disruptive camouflage pattern for the Victor and details of this are


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V I C TO R given in the kit’s painting guide, which represents Victor XL189. To reproduce this I airbrushed all the upper surfaces, including those of the slipper fuel tanks, with Medium Sea Grey. I then masked the grey areas with a hard edge and airbrushed on Dark Green. Left overnight to dry, the masking was removed and any cleaning and touching up needed was attended to. The model was left to dry for a day and then given an all over protective coating of Klear. With the surfaces smooth enough, I started to apply the decals. As I was doing an early 1980s Victor K.2 with the tactical markings, there were few of the kit decals I could use. I did have some old Matchbox Victor decals in a spares box, but ordered the HP Victor sets from Euco Decals ED72100 and the new Xtradecal set X72265, both of which looked good. The Euco Decals are very thin and care is needed in their application. I used their Day-Glo stripes on the white undersurfaces and the underwing IFR pods. There are two L shaped Day-Glo stripes positioned each side of the lower fuselage, just in front of the Hose Drum Unit. The Euco sheet gives you two starboard side stripes. Fortunately, being so thin one can be flipped over to the port side and still looks okay. These Euco stripes were not specifically made for the Airfix Victor, but I found Model Master Fluor Red-Orange paint to be a good match to the decal colours and used this fill any gap areas. I also used this for the wing tip areas, including the upper surface where I had already masked the striped area primer white to take the Fluor Red-Orange paint. The rest of the decals, including walkways, national markings and stencils, went on fine and when dry were also given a coat of Klear. This acts as a setting solution in addition to giving protection.

Final Acts Anything that can easily be damaged or which would stick out and be an obstruction I left till last, so now I could add the undercarriage, aerials and pitots. The undercarriage legs and wheel units I had made and painted earlier. I did have some concerns about the fitting of the undercarriage and whether the alignment would be correct with all eight of the main unit wheels

resting on a flat surface under the model. My concerns were groundless as once positioned in the location slots, the fit and alignment were perfect. By 1983 blade aerials had replaced the kit supplied parts and these were also in different locations on the fuselage. The Towel Rail HF Antenna on the upper fuselage was also different and fortunately I was able to find suitable replacements for all these from my spares box. The Polish company Master Ltd. produce a metal part set MR72099 containing some nice fine pitot tubes for the Victor and I added these to the model. Finally, with a Klear finish on the model it was too shiny, so I airbrushed a fine mist of Mr Hobby Matt Clear over the model until I had just a nice sheen. Happy with that I called it quits. In recent years I have been really impressed with the new Airfix kits and this HP Victor B.2 kit is no exception. I wanted to make a Victor K.2 Tanker version for the thirty fifth anniversary, so the conversion was my decision. However the bulk of the model was still the Airfix B.2 kit and taking everything into account, with the attention to detail, level of accuracy achieved and fit of parts, this is the best Airfix kit I have ever built. What I am really looking forward to is an Airfix Victor K.2 when it is eventually released.

Operation Corporate and Black Buck

installed in the Victors. The INS equipment was fitted into a wooden crate, which was strapped to the cockpit floor in place of the spare seat behind the pilot. The equipment was wired up to the aircraft systems, with control boxes positioned at the Navigator/Plotter’s station. Cameras were also installed in the nose for low level photo reconnaissance missions. Operating from Wideawake Airfield on Ascension Island, it was a 7,500 mile round trip to the Falkland Islands and from there on 30th April 1982, Operation Black Buck was launched, the bombing of Port Stanley Airfield by a lone Vulcan. However in order for the Vulcan to cover the distances involved, a complex in-flight refuelling plan was needed. For the mission, eleven Victors and two Vulcans were prepared and allocated into three sections, Red, White and Blue. The first two sections comprised four Victors each, with XL189 designated White 2. Blue Section comprised three Victors and two Vulcans, with two of the Victors and one Vulcan being Airborne Reserve aircraft, in case any of the other aircraft went unserviceable. It was to happen sooner than they thought. The lead Vulcan, XM598 Red 2, with Squadron Leader John Reeve and crew, had to return to Wideawake when they could not pressurise the aircraft because of a faulty window, and Red 4, the reserve Vulcan XM607, with Flight Lieutenant Martin Withers and crew took their place.

HP Victor K.2 XL189 came to Along the route south there prominence during Operation were to four air-to-air refuelling Corporate, the name stages and at given to the military operation to retake the Falkland Islands after the K2 Hose Formation invasion (Mike Beer) by the Argentine first stage Forces. Victor XL163 White 4 had Her first tasks problems deploying involved their refuelling hose and Squadron Leader Frank Milligan and crew returned to Wideawake. Their place was taken by Red 3, the first Reserve Victor XH669 with Flight Lieutenant Steve 'Biggles' Maritime Biglands and crew. Radar Reconnaissance The first stage air-to-air refuelling (MMR) missions for which the went well with five Victors passing aircraft radar had to be modified to fuel to four of their colleagues and search for surface vessels. To the Vulcan to allow them to improve navigation, Carousel proceed on the mission These five Inertial Navigation Systems taken Victors then returned to from stored VC10 airliners were Wideawake, taking the second

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reserve Victor, XL162 Red 5, with them. The refuelling continued throughout the rest of the journey until there were only Victor XL189 White 2 and the Vulcan XM607 Blue 4 remaining. The aim of the air-toair refuelling was to always ensure that the aircraft always had sufficient fuel to complete their part in the mission with enough remaining to reach either Wideawake or the diversion Airfield at Rio if Wideawake was beyond their reach. All the aircraft soon discovered that their fuel consumption was higher than predicted and at the last refuelling stage Victor White 2, with Bob Tuxford and crew, realised that they could not give Victor XM607 the amount of fuel expected to enable them to complete the mission and have a diversion reserve. Trusting that Group Captain Jeremy Price, the Officer Commanding the RAF at Wideawake, and Station Commander of the Victor home base of RAF Marham, would by now know of the fuel consumption problem and would launch a rescue Victor Tanker to meet them, and after discussing the situation with his crew, Tuxford then moved XL189 into position give the Vulcan what fuel he could give. Vulcan XM607 went on to bomb the runway at Port Stanley and then both aircraft headed for home. Wideawake were aware of the fuel problems and two Victors had been launched to meet Victor XL189 and Vulcan XM607 with enough fuel to get them home. When XL189 arrived at Wideawake the crew had been airborne for over fourteen hours. The crew of XL189 were: • Pilot: Squadron Leader Bob Tuxford • Co-pilot: Flight Lieutenant Glyn Rees • Navigator/Radar: Squadron Leader Ernie Wallis • Navigator/Plotter: Flight Lieutenant John Keable • Air Electronics Op: Squadron Leader Mike Beer For their actions on this mission Bob Tuxford was awarded the Air Force Cross and each of his crew was awarded a Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air. Sadly HP Victor K.2 XL189 was scrapped in 1989. On 30th April 2017 a 35th Anniversary Commemoration Day was held at Bruntingthorpe with many Victor and Vulcan veterans of Operation Black Buck in attendance. My model is dedicated to these amazing people.


North American F-107A By Steve Muth Peregrine Publishing

Port front view of the nose, outdoors at the National Museum of the US Air Force in 1974 (NMUSAF)


he F-107A was an outgrowth of studies to improve the F-100 Super Sabre firstly optimized as an interceptor then later as a fighter bomber. This effort was pursued as the F100B. A letter contract was issued for $6,000,000 on 21st June 1954 for up to thirty three aircraft. An amendment dated 18th April 1955 increased funding and changed the designation to F-107A. It was never given an official name and there was never an XF-107A nor a YF-107A. All were simply F-107As. Soon thereafter the Air Force decided to pursue the F-105A and relegated the F-107A to backup status. Subsequently, in 1956,

the number of aircraft was reduced from thirty three to nine and ultimately to just three aircraft. Development was limited to aerodynamics and performance. The first flight by the prototype, S/N 55-5118, occurred on 10th September 1956 and on 3rd November North America’s J.O. Roberts took it to Mach 2+, a major goal of Phase I testing. Rate of climb to 40,000 feet was 30,000 ft/min. By all reports the F-107A was a solid aircraft needing only the usual development.

Cockpit port forward view reveals many red and yellow coloured controls. Note the instrument panel is a lighter grey than the rest of the sheet metal

Cockpit starboard aft with seat

This Aircraft The National Museum of the Air Force (NMAF) has S/N 55-5119, the number two aircraft, on display in their new hanger IV for prototype and experimental aircraft. Its first flight was on 28th November 1956. According to the museum booklet, it was used for weapons testing with both conventional and atomic bombs. On 25th November 1957 it was flown to the National Museum of The United States Air Force. After all testing was accomplished it was decided that a/c no. 2 would be set aside for the then Air Force Museum at Wright Patterson AFB in Ohio.

Cockpit port side with control column. The control column grip is black as are the equipment panels on the console and canopy interior. The arm rest and various buttons and switches are red. The seat belts are the usual khaki

Cockpit starboard forward and down. The instrument panel is distinctly a lighter grey than the rest if the cockpit sheet metal. The ejection handle guard is yellow while the trigger is red




Lower port nose details. The red tab on the landing gear door lower corner is just a warning flag so people don’t snag themselves or their clothing on it

Starboard main landing gear front. The wheel, strut and well interior are sprayed overall silver the same as the nose landing

Nose landing gear starboard front. The wheel, strut and well interior are sprayed overall silver except for the landing light lens and the oleo

It arrived there, as stated above, on 25th November 1957. It had accumulated sixty one flights and flown a total of forty four hours and twenty minutes. It was then displayed outside with incorrect markings for the next twenty two years. In early 1979 it was completely restored, as it was at Edwards AFB during testing, and put on display indoors in the Museum Annex. It now (2016) resides in the new Experimental and Development Hanger, Hanger IV.

Markings There were only three F-107As built. All were in natural metal* with red trim but there were subtle differences. A/c no. 1 was S/N 55-5118 and can be considered the base line scheme. It is now at the Pima Air and Space Museum outside Tucson, Arizona. It has candy striped probes on the nose and each wing tip and a black anti glare shield ahead of and running down the lower edge of the windscreen. A/c no. 2, S/N 55-5119, has been restored recently and now resides at the National Museum of the USAF. The anti glare

shield on this aircraft is Olive Drab tapering to a point at the nose. Prior to the recent restoration the anti glare shield was similar to a/c no. 1 and the nose cone was also painted black. Period photos show it to have been Olive Drab during flight testing. There is one photograph on the web showing 55-5119 having the anti glare area painted red from the front of the windscreen tapering to a point at the nose. The two restored aircraft are painted overall silver except for some panels around the afterburner, which are natural metal, probably stainless steel. The landing gear legs are a bright silver paint as are the wheel wells, wheel well doors interior and wheels. The area around the gun ports has a stainless steel border about an inch or so wide. The wing spoilers are outlined in red and there are three turbine warning stripes on the aft fuselage by the national insignia. The underwing and over wing USAF, the rudder serial number, the U.S. Air Force on each side of the intake and all stencils are black. The F-107A on the nose of 55-5118 is in white just aft the cockpit while on 55-5119 it is just below the windscreen and is preceded by

The NMUSAF’s F-107A is the second prototype, which was used for weapons testing with both conventional and atomic bombs. It was flown to the museum when the program ended in 1957

Side view of the NMUSAF’s aircraft, showing the unique configuration of the intake to good advantage

30 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

Starboard main landing gear inboard front. The door interior is also painted silver

the name North American. It is apparently only on the port side on each aircraft. The centreline tank on 55-5119 is white but was unpainted while it was outdoors in the display park. 555118 was the only aircraft having three candy striped probes, one on the nose and one on each wing tip. The others did not have a probe on the port wing. *After a recent careful review of photographs this statement is called into question. There is a photograph in Experimental & Prototype U.S. Air Force Jet Fighters showing 55-5119 on jacks prior to painting. It is obvious that there are tonal differences to many panels, probably due to differences in material. All other photos of the various F-107As with the red trim paint exhibit a very uniform silver shade except for the aft fuselage, which appears to have stainless steel panels around the afterburner section much like the F-100. There doesn’t appear to be any panel differentiation anywhere else. This is particularly evident in the colour photograph on the front and rear covers of Mr. Simone’s book on the F-107A published by Steve Ginter.

Restoration staff move the North American F-107A into the new fourth building at the National Museum of the US Air Force on 6th October 2015 (USAF photo by Ken LaRock)


The museum’s aircraft in flight. Note the tonal differences in the panels and the probes carried on the nose and port wing only (USAF)




Building the Flanker By Rick Greenwood Kit No: 81711 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Creative Models/Squadron

with a small etched metal fret for some minor details.


he Su-27 Flanker has long been a modeller's favourite, with a myriad of differing shades of blue camouflage and choice of exotic users. The Academy kit dating back to 1995 was hitherto the sole example in 1/48, and though not without its faults, with a splattering of aftermarket detail and corrections, an outstanding example of the type could be portrayed by the more fervent amongst us. The cockpit was well detailed and made up of a number of parts featuring raised instrumentation

Dry fitting the seat revealed a large recess in the rear of the head box

Seat belts from Eduard completed the ejection seat

The nose gear bay was inserted into the lower fuselage section

Twenty odd years later and HobbyBoss bring us a new tool offering in the same scale that will have been on the must have list of any Russian aviation addict. A whole Flanker family will not doubt follow with other versions of the type already announced or released. The large stout cardboard box protects the contents and provides storage space for the sprues and other sub assemblies during construction. On lifting the lid the first thing that is noticeable is the large size of the model in this scale. The upper and lower fuselage sections are wired into a cardboard insert, in the same manner as a child's toy. The parts were released with skills honed after many Christmas day practice sessions to reveal a full span upper and lower section in mid grey coloured plastic. Surface detail is tremendous with fine rivet detail and engraved panel lines throughout. The odd rod aerials on the nose and tail are wrapped in foam for added protection. The two parts almost clicked together with no issues of warping or gaps promising a trouble free build. In total there are ten runners containing the remaining airframe parts, accompanied by two further clear sprues for the canopy, lamps and lenses. Weapons are included on another four trees providing various pods, missiles and the relevant launch rails. The dreaded black vinyl tyres are in attendance

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Decals are provided for two Russian Air Force machines both in tricolour blue/grey camouflage. No other information as to the history is provided on the guide. A separate decal sheet and application guide is provided for the ordnance and is comprehensively furnished with stencil data etc. The main decal sheet is the usual fare from HobbyBoss but looks to be well printed and should be okay to use if you’re not too concerned about the almost cartoon style stencil data. The kit’s instruction booklet is straightforward and easy to understand and contains colour call outs throughout the build. For such a large model there is a modest parts count and assembly is completed in only sixteen stages. The workbench was cleared to make a little extra room before construction got under way with the completion of the cockpit. The ejection seat is made up of a number of separate parts and features some fine raised details. The rear of the head box was left as an open void that would be visible with the seat installed in the cockpit tub. This was filled with putty and left to dry before being sanded to shape. The seat was then painted satin black and the cushion painted olive drab. To enhance the appearance of the seat Eduard etched steel seatbelt set 49814 was put to good use and provided pleasing results. The cockpit tub was then painted with an overall blue grey, before the side consoles and instrument panel were painted black. The raised switch gear was then highlighted by dry brushing a lighter shade of grey to make them stand out. Detail painting was carried out and some switches were painted red and or yellow to add interest. Decals are provided should the modeller prefer to use them for the instruments. HobbyBoss then suggest that the undercarriage is made up in stage two and three in preparation

for their addition in stage four. This was ignored in favour of them being added later in the build to avoid damage. The nose gear leg would have been especially susceptible to the ham fisted modeller but slight modification to the mounting pins will easily allow installation at a more apt stage in the build. The dorsal airbrake was added in the closed position prior to the addition of the cockpit tub. The lower portion of the fuselage then had the nose gear bay along with the internal sections of the jet exhausts. Internal detail of the exhaust cans is reasonable and with careful painting and the addition of a dark enamel wash a suitable result was obtained. Wishing to complete all major construction before joining the fuselage sections together, the suggested build sequence was ignored from this point on. The air intake ducts were built up next and the rather clumsy plastic Foreign Object Debris (FOD) kit parts were disposed of and replaced with Eduard etched brass offerings from set 48917. These are an immeasurable improvement over the kit parts and present a more realistic scale appearance. Once carefully folded and test fitted they were secured in place with small amounts of superglue whilst cautiously trying to avoid any residual adhesive clogging the fine mesh. With the Eduard parts now firmly set in place the compressor blades were painted silver, treated to a dark enamel wash and glued in place using Tamiya Extra Thin cement. Parts Y12 and 13 were not added at this point as they crossed the joint line between the intake trunking and the lower fuselage section, and would have seriously hindered the blending in of the two parts. Once slight remedial work had been carried out they were slotted in place and secured with a small amount of liquid glue. The fuselage sections were then mated with no fit issues noted, but as a precaution clamps were engaged to hold everything in alignment while the glue cured overnight. The sheer size of the


The jet exhaust internal details were adequate

Underside view showing the reasonable fit of the intakes

The metallic areas and the green dielectric panels were painted in turn

The upper surface was first to have the decals applied model was now apparent, and manipulating it around the work area was becoming awkward. The radome had a substantial amount of fishing weights added, secured in place with a blob of BluTack to avoid them breaking free and rolling around the interior of the model. The fit was good and a quick session with a sponge sander helped to conceal the joint line. Flight controls and vertical tails were effortlessly built up and the added to their respective locations on the wings and empennage. The leading edge slats were displayed in the extended position while the trailing edge flaps were depicted in the deployed state. The rudders were posed in a neutral position but the rear stabilators could only be added level with a serious amount of modification. The two ventral strakes were then attached to conclude the bulk of the major

The view down the intake looks a lot more realistic now with the Eduard items installed

Clamps held everything in the correct place while the glue dried

Flight controls were prepared for fitting in their locations on the model

The fit of the vertical tail was not as good as expected with Mr Filler used to hide the joint

MRP paints were used for the main camouflage colours

Overhead view of the completed paint job

Items used for the application of the wash

While the decals dried the weapons had their kit supplied markings added

The nose gear leg is well detailed and painted and weathered to good effect

Comparison of the kits plastic FOD guards and the superior Eduard items

construction. Alclad grey primer was sprayed over the entire model to check for build flaws and poor joins. Corrective work was required in the area where the vertical tails mated with the fuselage. Mr Surfacer 500 was worked into the area and allowed to dry fully, then using a cotton bud moistened with Tamiya X20A thinners the excess was removed without fear of damage to any of the surrounding engraved details. The areas were then treated with Alclad grey primer once more and the process repeated until satisfactory results were obtained. A further overall application of primer was administered to prepare the model for painting. Any rough spots in the primer were avoided by wet sanding the surface with 8,000 grade micromesh polishing cloths. The

surface was then scrubbed with an old toothbrush to remove any traces of sanding residue or other particulates. MRP paints were chosen to represent the tricolour blue/grey camouflage seen on the Flanker. MRP197 Light Blue was the first colour to be sprayed on and this covered the entire airframe. This took a considerable amount of time to achieve due to the size of the model, and almost three quarters of a 30ml bottle of paint was used in the process. MRP198 was airbrushed free hand to start off the camouflage scheme and working on different sections at a time the full pattern was added as the quick drying nature of the paint allowed for rapid application. Finally the darker blue MRP196 was again airbrushed free hand to complete the basic paint job. Xtracolor Wheel Hub Green X628

The wash was applied to sections of the model and allowed to dry before being removed with the new green and white Flory Models sanding stick

The simpler main gear was secured in place was then used to replicate the green dielectric panels and radome colour seen on the type. All the areas were masked with Tamiya masking tape using the Verlinden Lock On booklet for the Su-27 as reference. Further paint work was then required to add the burnt metallic panels at the rear of the airframe and the jet exhaust nozzles. Dealing with the exhaust first, Alclad Steel was airbrushed over the entire surface of each of the open nozzles. Optional parts are included in the kit to show the jet exhaust it the closed position too. The inner sections were then treated to a randomly applied pattern of Alclad Exhaust Manifold to darken the inner portions and then this was then added to with a very dark grey mix along the striations moulded on the internal wall of the part.




All the remaining areas were painted Alclad Magnesium over the steel base layer while the access panels were then highlighted with a slightly lighter shade to look a little paler in comparison. The blue tinge seen on the rear most panels was added using a very thin mix of Tamiya Clear Blue and X20A thinners. This was then applied randomly by airbrush in light mist coats until the desired density of the colour was added to suggest just a hint of the blue colour without overdoing it. The MRP paints resulted in a smooth satin finish that just needed polishing with 12,000 grade micromesh to polish the surface up to a nice sheen. With the surface prepared for the decals in this way only a slight mist coat of Klear floor polish was needed as a barrier coat. With the model exhibiting a large surface area of colour, the surface detail looked bland and washed out due to the light faded look of the paint

in the engraved detail while imparting a very glossy finish to the surface. Care was needed not to put too much downwards pressure on the model’s surface or the uppermost paint layer could be sanded away, although this could also be used as a weathering technique if so desired to wear away the top surface colour revealing a primer or bare metal underneath. With such a high standard of gloss finish already achieved this negated further applications of Klear for decal application. Markings for two airframes are included in the kit, both of Russian origin. While the markings or the unit emblems and national insignia look to be useable the stencil data is the opposite. As often the case with HobbyBoss kits they appear to be very crude and best left unused. An alternative source was procured in High Decals sheet 48003, which also has the benefit of including stencil data. Choosing to depict Blue 06 from the Ukrainian Air Force, the markings were applied in the usual manner by soaking them in tepid water first. After a minute or so they were

scheme. A quick mix of Humbrol 140 was added to white spirit to make a diluted wash. This was simply added to sections of the model at a time and then allowed to dry properly. The excess was then removed using kitchen paper slightly moistened with a small amount of white spirit. The surface was then sanded using a new product from the Flory Models team. Using the slightly abrasive green surface of the product first any residual traces of wash were removed with a sanding action. Then the white polishing side was used to finish off leaving the wash

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slid into place using a soft bristled paint brush.

detail making the arrangement look slightly odd.

They behaved well but didn't like being moved around too much during their positioning with some minor damage resulting to one of the under wing national insignia when there was not enough decal solution applied. No adverse reaction to Daco Strong solution was noted.

Neutral Grey was used from the Mr Hobby range for all the landing gear items and when dry a dark grey was used to add depth to the detail. Once the wash had cured a quick dry brushing of a lighter grey made the raised detail a little more pronounced. The main gear in comparison is quite simple to build up and once painted and weathered looks acceptable.

With the decals applied to the airframe the kit supplied markings were used for the under wing stores. They were quite thin but worked well with the same setting solution. The undercarriage was tackled next, with the nose gear leg being assembled following the suggested assembly sequence. The locating pin on one side was removed allowing the unit to slot into its location in the nose wheel bay. The removed location pin was then substituted for a blob of superglue for added strength and once completed it looks the part and exhibits a fine level of detail. One criticism though; out of the three landing lights provided on the nose gear leg, the lower centre one is moulded in position whilst the other two are clear parts and superior in

The vinyl tyres look okay once fitted to their hub. Detail here is again quite acceptable making for a pleasing set of undercarriage parts that capture the stance of the real aircraft quite well. The undercarriage bay doors were painted in the lighter shade of blue before having their inner surfaces painted gloss red. A thin dark grey wash toned the red down, before the decals were added. They were then attached in their respective locations without issue and secured in place with Tamiya Extra Thin cement, which was allowed to run into the joint using capillary action to ensure a strong bond. Moving on to the clear parts the first thing that stands out is the seam line down the centre of

FLANKER both the canopy and windscreen. These were removed with a multisided foam finger nail polishing block obtained from a pound store. Care was taken not to push down too hard with the coarse grit side as this would have resulted in deep scratches that were harder to remove in the following steps. Once all four sides of the buffer had been used and the seam removed, the clear plastic was polished back to a shine with the green and white Flory Models sanding stick. This left a deep gloss finish to the clear parts but to be on the safe side a little Klear was then applied to the sections of the canopy and windscreen that would not be painted. The canopy frame work is well defined and has recessed rivet detail as well. Masking the frame for painting was quite easy with frames that are this well executed. Tamiya masking tape was placed over the framework and a cocktail stick was used to rub down the tape leaving a good impression of the frame work visible. With a new blade in the scalpel the demarcation lines were followed carefully and with a steady hand. Excess masking tape was then removed and the remaining areas masked to complete the task. A quick blast of the interior grey was applied by airbrush and

allowed to dry. This ensured that the interior colour matched when viewed through the canopy, before adding the final top coats to match the camouflage pattern in this area. With the masking tape removed a quick check revealed all to be satisfactory and the clear parts were then set aside for fitting later.

was then blended in for a match and the canopy parts had the clear sections protected whilst an application of matt varnish was carried out by airbrush. Finally the clear section for the Infra-Red Search and Track (IRST) seeker head was added using a little Gator Grip Acrylic cement.

navigation lamps added and painted in the correct colours of clear red to port and clear green for starboard. They were easily installed and held in place with Gator Grip glue as per the canopy. Missiles were then added to the two under wing pylons on each side to complete the build.

The Heads Up Display on top of the cockpit coaming was then added from the kit supplied parts and to be blunt looked a little thick and clumsy. The clear parts provided were also too thick to be installed between the framework and a replacement had to be fabricated from clear plastic sheet.

This was found to be wider than the front of the windscreen where it sits and needed careful sanding to ensure a good fit.

Summing Up

With everything glued in place the front windscreen section was added. This was found to be a tad narrow and required a little finger pressure to spread the part to the correct width. Super glue was utilised to attach it in the correct position as it sets quickly holding the parts in alignment. The internal parts were then fitted to the inside of the main canopy section, and this was then secured in the open position. This is not shown as an option in the instruction booklet and slight modification of the operating mechanism was required to show it open. The surrounding paintwork

Other smaller and more delicate items were now added to limit the chance of breaking them as most of the handling of the model was now completed. The prominent pitot tubes on the fuselage sides were painted MRP Steel and secured in place with tiny drops of superglue. Once dry Tamiya Extra Thin was run along the joint line from underneath so as not to be seen. Master Model's replacement nose probe 48066 was used as the kit’s item was again found to be a little clunky and lacked finesse. The hole in the end of the radome had to be deepened to 1mm to accommodate the replacement brass part, but dry fitting revealed the nose to be too large for a seamless transition. To reduce its diameter the nose was rotated in 1,500 grit micromesh until a good fit was obtained. The wing tip launch rails had the

For such a large kit the part count is modest, but the end result is not compromised in any respect other than perhaps some of the smaller detail parts as mentioned in the text. It built up very quickly with no over engineered parts and the fit was generally good in most areas. Surface detail is first-rate overall and use of a subtle wash brought the detail out on what was a large expanse of paintwork. The jet exhausts are a little simplified but don't look out of place and the internal detail makes a pleasing addition if you look up the jet pipe. An aftermarket resin ejection seat would be a good alternative to the kit part but the Eduard seat belts and the corrective work make for a reasonable representation. Recommended to all due to the uncomplicated build sequence and the only drawback is the size of the completed aircraft. Until next time...




F-16CJ Block 52P, AF92-3922, operated by the 157th Fighter Squadron, 169th Fighter Wing, South Carolina Air National Guard, based at McEntire Joint National Guard Base, South Carolina. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in Grey and White, with the Fox head marking applied by this unit also in White. Note the Swamp Fox legend. Armament consists of AGM-88 HARM, AIM-9M Sidewinder AAM’s and AIM-120 AMRAAM.

F-16CJ Block 52Q, AF93-0541/MO, operated by the 389th Fighter Squadron, 366th Fighter Wing, attached to the 157th Fighter Squadron, 169th Fighter Wing, South Carolina Air National Guard. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in Red with a Yellow lightning flash. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 389th FS on the post intake side, with that of the 366th FW to starboard. The fin sports the USAF Air Combat Command shield.

F-16CJ Block 52Q, AF93-0401/MO, We’ll Take It From Here, operated by the 389th Fighter Squadron, 366th Fighter Wing, based at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in Red with a Yellow lightning flash. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 389th FS on the post intake side, with that of the 366th FW to starboard. The fin sports the USAF Air Combat Command shield. Note the patriotic artwork applied to the fuselage (see scrap).

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

F-16CJ Block 52P, AF92-3889/MO, T-Bolts Rule/Vulture, operated by the 389th Fighter Squadron, 366th Fighter Wing, based at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in Red with a Yellow lightning flash. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 389th FS on the post intake side with Yellow details, and that of the 366th FW to starboard. Again, note the flamboyant artwork.

F-16CJ Block 50B, AF90-0829/SP, operated by the 22nd Fighter Squadron, 379th Fighter Wing, based at Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in Red with The Big 22 in White script. The fin sports a rendition of the units Boxing Wasp motif. Note the Red HARM mission symbols.

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F-16CJ Block 50P, AF92-3886/WW, operated by the 14th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Wing, based at Misawa Air Base, Japan. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin tip is in Yellow. Armament consists of AGM-88 HARM, AIM-9M Sidewinder AAM’s and AIM-120 AMRAAM’s. The fin carries the USAF Pacific Forces shield. The port intake side carries the insignia of the 14th FS, whilst that of the 35th FW is to starboard.

14th Fighter Squadron

F-16C Block 30H, AF87-0284/CO, operated by the 120th Fighter Squadron, 140th Fighter Wing, Colorado Air National Guard, based at Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin band is in White, Blue, Red and Yellow. The aircraft carries an Excellence award marking on the nose. Armament consists of GBU-16 Paveway II LGB’s, AIM-9M Sidewinder AAM’s and AIM-120 AMRAAM’s.

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Neutral Grey (71.275 USAF Medium Grey)

ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (71.097 Medium Gunship Grey)

White (71.001 White)

Black (71.057 Black)

Yellow (71.002 Black)

F-16C Block 30K, AF88-0399/AL, City of Montgomery, operated by the 160th Fighter Squadron, 187th Fighter Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, based at Montgomery Air National Guard Base, Alabama. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.275 USAF Neutral Grey), with the upper surfaces in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). All markings are toned down, but some aircraft were seen with the fin band in Red with with White lettering and Red and White edging. The aircraft also carries an ‘Excellence’ award band. Armament consists AIM-9M Sidewinder AAM’s and AIM-120 AMRAAM’s.

14th Fighter Squadron



AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE F-117A Nighthawk, AF88-0482/HO, operated by the 8th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Wing, based at Holloman Air Base, New Mexico. Finish is in overall ANA604 Non Specular Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). All markings are toned down with the exception of the fin Black Sheep unit identifier which is in Yellow. The badge of the 8th Fighter Squadron is carried on the port side of the fuselage, with that of the 49th Fighter Wing carried to starboard. The aircraft carries sixteen Nighthawk mission markings. For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

F-15E-47-MC Strike Eagle, AF89-0478/SJ, The 4th Voice... Told Me To, operated by the 335th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Wing, based at Seymour Johnson Air Base, North Carolina. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The radome is in Grey FS35375 (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Seagreen*). The fin band is in Green with White edging. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 335th FS on the post intake side, with that of the 4th FW to starboard. The fin sports the USAF Air Combat Command shield.

F-15E-48-MC Strike Eagle, AF89-0495/SJ, Bombay Sapphire- Shaken...Not Stirred, operated by the 336th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Wing, based at Seymour Johnson Air Base, North Carolina. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The radome is in Grey FS35375 (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Seagreen*). The fin band is in Green with White edging. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 336th FS on the post intake side, with that of the 4th FW to starboard.

F-15E-45-MC Strike Eagle, AF88-1671/SJ, Shangri-La II, operated by the 336th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Wing, based at Seymour Johnson Air Base, North Carolina. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The radome is in Grey FS35375 (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Seagreen*). The fin band is in Green with White edging. The aircraft carries the insignia of the 336th FS on the post intake side, with that of the 4th FW to starboard.

A-10A Thunderbolt II, AF78-0707/CT, OH! Thank Heaven For 707!, operated by the 118th Fighter Squadron, 103rd Fighter Wing, Connecticut Air National Guard, based at Bradley Air National Guard Air Base, Connecticut. Finish is in Dark Compass Ghost Grey FS36320 (Vallejo 71.120 Dark Ghost Grey) to the upper surfaces. The rest of the aircraft is in Light Compass Ghost Grey FS36375 (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey). The fin bands are in Yellow and Blue with a Black lightning flash. The aircraft carries two versions of the 118th FS insignia; one in full colour and a more subdued version, both to port. The insignia of the 103rd FW is carried to starboard.

A-10A Thunderbolt II, AF78-0584/ID, operated by the 190th Fighter Squadron, 124th Fighter Wing, Idaho Air National Guard, based at Gowen Field Air National Guard Air Base, Idaho. Finish is in Dark Compass Ghost Grey FS36320 (Vallejo 71.120 Dark Ghost Grey) to the upper surfaces. The rest of the aircraft is in Light Compass Ghost Grey FS36375 (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey). The fin identifier is in Red.

*Denotes approximate match

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ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (71.097 Medium Gunship Grey)

B-2 Spirit, AF93-1087/WM, Spirit of Pennsylvania, operated by the 393rd Bomb Squadron, 509th Bomb Wing, based at Whiteman Air Base, Missouri. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). Other markings are in Light Grey. Latterly used in the Global War on Terror, the aircraft carries the shield of For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com the USAF Global Strike Command. It should be noted that this is an indicative profile.

B-1B Lancer, AF86-0125/EL, Swift Justice, operated by the 34th Bomb Squadron, 28th Bomb Wing, based at Ellsworth Air Base, South Dakota. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin tip band is in Black with Red edging and White details. The fin base identifier codes and serials are in Black. The fin also carries the shield of the USAF Air Combat Command. Turning to the forward fuselage. This carries typically elaborate artwork as seen on many USAF B-1’s, along with the Thunderbird badge of the 34th Bomb Squadron.

B-52H-170-BW Stratofortress, AF61-0022/BD, operated by the 93rd Bomb Squadron, 917th Bomb Wing, Air Force Reserve Command based at Barksdale Air Base, Louisiana. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin tip band is in Yellow and Blue checks. The fin station code, squadron code, serials and AFRC titles identifiers are in Black. The port side of the nose carries a remembrance marking to NYPD victims of the 9/11 attacks, and tomahawk mission markings. The starboard side carries the shield of the New York Port Authority Police Department, Twin Towers marking and Barksdale AB shield.

B-52H-160-BW Stratofortress, AF60-0059/LA, The Devil’s Own, operated by the 96th Bomb Squadron, 2nd Bomb Wing, based at Barksdale Air Base, Louisiana. Finish is in overall ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey). The fin tip band is in Red with Black text and a Black fleur-de-lis superimposed. The fin squadron code identifiers are in Black with White shadowing, whilst the aircraft codes are in Black only. The fin also carries the shield of the USAF Air Combat Command shield. The port nose and forward fuselage carry the squadron Devil with Bomb motif, sword/cruise missile mission markings, codes, and a stylised map of the state of Louisiana. This aircraft was flown by the 96th Bomb Squadron commander.




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*Denotes approximate colour match

E-3C Sentry, AF83-0008, operated by the 552nd Air Control Wing, based at Tinker Air Base, Oklahoma. Finish is in overall Grey (Vallejo 71.045 US Light Grey*). Control surfaces are in White. Other markings are in Black. The nose carries shields of the 28th Air Division, 552nd Air Control Wing and the USAF Air Combat Command. The radar saucer is in Black and White. Note the four Iraqi flags on the forward fuselage. These denote the aircraft’s assistance in the shooting down of three Iraqi MiG-29’s and one Mirage F.1.

C-5B Galaxy, AF87-033, Spirit of the Tuskegee Airmen, operated by the 436th/512th Airlift Wing, Air Mobility Command, based at Dover Air Base, Delaware. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.051 Neutral Grey). The fin tip band is in Yellow and Black. Other markings are in Black. The nose carries the shields of the USAF Air Mobility Command and Air Reserve Command.

C-17A Globemaster III, AF94-0067, operated by the 437th/315th Airlift Wing, Air Mobility Command, based at Charleston Air Base, South Carolina. Finish is in overall Neutral Grey (Vallejo 71.051 Neutral Grey). The fin tip band is in Yellow, Black, Blue and White. Other markings are in Black. The nose carries the shields of the USAF Air Mobility Command and Air Reserve Command. These aircraft were deployed to Burgas Airport, Bulgaria in support of both Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Grey (71.045 Light Grey*)

Neutral Grey (71.051 Neutral Grey)


AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE F/A-18C Hornet, BuNo 164060/NH-300, operated by VFA-22 Fighting Redcocks, Carrier Air Wing Eleven (CVW-11), aboard the carrier USS Carl Vinson. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). Markings are in Black and White with Red Fighting Cock motifs on the fins. The YCBAR legend on the LERX strakes stands for You Can’t Beat A Red Cock! This is the units CAG aircraft.

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

F/A-18C Hornet, BuNo 164201/AA-300, operated by VFA-83 Rampagers, Carrier Air Wing Seventeen (CVW-17), aboard the carrier USS John F. Kennedy. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). The fins and wing strakes are in Dark Blue (Vallejo 71.091 Insignia Blue*). The fin tips, fin markings and LERX strakes are in Golden Yellow (Vallejo 71.078 Gold Yellow). The aircraft carries highly colourful commemorative artwork signifying the units participation in Iraqi Freedom.

F/A-18C Hornet, BuNo 165217/AG-400, operated by VFA-131 Wildcats, Carrier Air Wing Seven (CVW-7), aboard the carrier USS George Washington. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). The fins and other main markings are in Red (Vallejo 71.084 Fire Red), with Dark Blue and White trim. The LERX strakes carry the legends NYPD to port and FDNY to starboard. The aircraft also carries tribute artwork on the forward part of the nose.

F/A-18C Hornet, BuNo 163777/NG-300, operated by VFA-146 Blue Diamonds, aboard the carrier USS John C. Stennis. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). Of note is the patriotic rendition of the stars and stripes adorning the nose and fins. The modex and unit identifiers are in Medium Blue, White and Yellow.

Medium Grey (71.114 Medium Grey)

Light Compass Ghost Grey (71.615 USN Light Ghost Grey)

F/A-18+ Hornet, BuNo 163133/AC-200, operated by VMFA-146 Silver Eagles, Carrier Air Wing Three (CVW-3) aboard the carrier USS Harry S. Truman. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). One of the more colourful US Marine Corps F/A-18 schemes, the fins and fuselage spine carry suitably patriotic trim.

F/A-18+ Hornet, BuNo 163133/AC-200, operated by VMFA-146 Silver Eagles, Carrier Air Wing Three (CVW-3) aboard the carrier USS Harry S. Truman. Finish is in overall Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey), with the upper surfaces in Medium Grey (Vallejo 71.114 Medium Grey). This is the same aircraft as that shown above shown in a later guise. The markings are essentially the same apart from those on the fins which have become even more patriotic. There is evidence of overspray.



AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE F-14D Tomcat, BuNo 164345/NE-110, operated by VF-2 Bounty Hunters, Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2), aboard the carrier USS Constellation. Finish is in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey), and Dark Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 71.120 Dark Ghost Grey) to the upper surfaces. The undersides are in Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey). All markings are toned down. The aircraft carries LGB and iron bomb mission markings.

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

F-14D Tomcat, BuNo 159618/NK-110, operated by VF-31 Tomcatters, Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2), aboard the carrier USS Abraham Lincoln. Finish is as described for BuNo 164345 above. All markings are again, toned down. The fins carry the famous Felix the Cat emblem of VF-31. The modex numbers are in Black, with thirty five Felix and a single Tommy gun strafing mission marking on the nose.

E-2C Hawkeye, BuNo 165295/NF-600, operated by VAW-115 Liberty Bells, Carrier Air Wing Five (CVW-5) aboard the carrier USS Kitty Hawk. Finish is in overall ANA620 Gloss Gull Grey (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey). The lower fin halves are in Light Green and Yellow, with the colours repeated for the fuselage band and aircraft modex numbers. Other markings are in Black, with the insignia of VF-115 carried on the forward fuselage.

AV-8B+ Harrier, BuNo 165389/CG-200, operated by VMA-231 Ace of Spades, United States Marine Corps, based at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina. Finish is in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey), and Dark Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 71.120 Dark Ghost Grey) to the upper surfaces. The undersides are in Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey). All markings are toned down with the insignia of VMA-231 carried on the nose.

BuNo 165354- starboard fin side

VMA-223 Bulldogs VMA-231 Ace of Spades AV-8B+ Harrier, BuNo 165354/WP-01, operated by VMA-223 Bulldogs, United States Marine Corps, based at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina. Finish is as described for BuNo 165389 (above). The fin carries special commemorative artwork on both sides of the fin; the starboard side being shown above right. This scheme was worn during combat missions over Iraq. The nose carries the insignia of VMA-323.

EA-6B Prowler, BuNo 161882/CY-00, operated by VMAQ-2 Death Jesters, United States Marine Corps, based at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina. Finish is in ANA603 Medium Gunship Grey (Vallejo 71.097 Medium Gunship Grey), and Dark Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 71.120 Dark Ghost Grey) to the upper surfaces. The undersides are in Light Compass Ghost Grey (Vallejo 70.615 USN Light Ghost Grey). Being the unit CAG aircraft 161882 carries more colourful makings than the norm. Note the unit Jesters Head on the rudder.

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RD828 was one of thirty five Beaufighter Mk Xs converted to TT.Mk X configuration by the addition of a wind driven winch operated from the rear observer’s position. Most target towing Beaufighters served overseas, with the last retiring in May 1960

By Robert Ham


ange and endurance have always been the limiting factor for designers of fighter aircraft, with high performance often achieved at a compromise. Fighter Command’s thinking in the interwar years favoured fast lightweight machines like the Spitfire and Hurricane, designed with the comparatively limited territory of the United Kingdom to defend, but little thought was given to the problems of prosecuting a war against a distant enemy. Such operations were consigned to lumbering bombers and the untried assumption that thanks to airborne defensive armament ‘the bombers would always get through’. This was soon to be proved wrong, and it is only

thanks to the foresight of aircraft designers such as de Havilland and Frise at Bristol that machines like the Mosquito and Beaufighter were to be ready in time for what was to prove a very different air war to that planned for in the aftermath of 1914-18. Originally introduced as a night fighter, the range and endurance of the Beaufighter was to see it operational with a number of air arms in most theatres of the war, undertaking a variety of tasks from the maritime strike role to ground attack and reconnaissance.

Beaufighter Mk VIf V8526 spent most of its service life with 153 Squadron, transferring to Algeria with them in December 1942 to fly night patrols over allied bases and convoy protection sorties. Note the two crew entrance hatches visible below the fuselage

Possibly one of the greatest all round designs of World War II, the Beaufighter remains a favourite with modellers and aviation enthusiasts alike.

Close up of the engine and undercarriage of a night fighter showing the flame damping exhaust and access panel to the rear of the engine. The bulge on the starboard undercarriage door does not feature on all variants. Of note is the circular leading edge air intake

Beaufighter Mk V R2274 seen at Boscombe Down after modification of the upper fuselage and the addition of a Boulton Paul turret with four .303 Browning machine guns. The amount of drag produced by this installation reduced the aircraft’s performance significantly and the project was abandoned after trials with 29 Squadron


Mk If R2192 of 252 Squadron Coastal Command. 252 Squadron undertook patrols over the Bay of Biscay, intercepting those long range German fighters attempting to attack Allied antisubmarine aircraft

Beaufighter TF.Mk X seen fresh from the production line at WestonSuper-Mare. This variant was fitted with Bristol Hercules XVII engines of 1,770hp. The aircraft is fitted with crutches under the fuselage for the eighteen inch torpedoes normally carried by the type on antishipping operations

AVAILABLE FROM www.guidelinepublications.co.uk


Beaufighter TF.X NT921 fitted with both fuselage and under wing bomb racks for four 250Ib bombs, an interesting and rarely modelled weapons fit. The aircraft was employed on antishipping missions at the time of the Normandy landings and is seen here carrying invasion stripes

After initial service with the manufacturers and then with A&AEE at Boscombe Down, Beaufighter VIf X7883 was used operationally by 317 Squadron. It became part of a reverse lend-lease when handed over to the USAAF in October 1943 and continued its duties as a night fighter. This picture was taken during January 1942

Beaufighter TT.10 target tug aircraft of 34 Squadron at Cambridge Airport in June 1951

To improve the aircraft’s range a single 200 gallon long-range tank could be fitted to the topedo clutches under the fuselage. TF.Mk X RD813 is seen here at Seletar, Singapore in 1949 while in service with 45 Squadron

Beaufighter Mark IC, T3314 O, of 272 Squadron running up its engines at Idku, Egypt

Beaufighter Mk X NE548 releasing its weapon load against enemy shipping. The aircraft is from 455 Squadron RAAF

Bristol Beaufighter Mark VIC JL447 G of 248 Squadron RAF based at Predannack, Cornwall flying past offshore islands in the Western approaches, at the start of a long-range fighter patrol in the Bay of Biscay with two other aircraft of the squadron. Shortly after 11.30am they intercepted four Junkers Ju 88s of 14/KG 40 over the bay and in the ensuing dogfight, JL447, flown by Sergeants J Bell (pilot) and AW Parnell, and another Beaufighter, EL321 M, were lost with their crews, as were two Ju 88s


Beaufighter Mark VIC X8035 J of 235 Squadron RAF Detachment taking off from Luqa, Malta during the Italian naval attack on the Harpoon Convoy in June 1942

AVAILABLE FROM www.guidelinepublications.co.uk


Bristol Beaufighter Mark IC T4800 ND-C of 236 Squadron RAF on the ground at Wattisham, Suffolk. On 12th June 1942 Flight Lieutenant AK Gatward with his navigator Sergeant G Fern took off from Thorney Island and flew T4800 at low-level to Paris where they dropped a French Tricolour on the Arc de Triomphe and then attacked the Gestapo Headquarters in the Ministere de la Marine with cannon fire. Upon returning safely, Gatward was awarded an immediate DFC

Bristol Beaufighters of 252 Squadron RAF based at El Magrun, Libya sweep in at low level to attack the Italian seaplane base at Preveza

Beaufighter Mark VIF of 177 Squadron RAF parked in a dispersal at Feni, India after hitting a tree whilst avoiding anti-aircraft fire during an attack on a Japanese held airfield in Burma. Much of the starboard wingtip was lost and the aileron was jammed but despite this the pilot, Flying Officer J Lottimer, brought the aircraft back to Feni over a distance of 350 miles, aided by his observer, Flying Officer RA Watson, who helped to counter the strain generated by the jammed aileron

Ground crews servicing Beaufighter Mark XI, JL899 Z, of 227 Squadron after hoisting the tail with a Coles Crane, probably at Lakatamia, Cyprus

Beaufighter Mark VIF V8565 of the Fighter Interception Unit in a revetment at Wittering, Huntingdonshire. AI Mark VIIIA centimetric radar is carried in the aircraft’s thimble nose

Ground crew pull the chocks away from a Bristol Beaufighter Mk VIF of 27 Squadron, piloted by Flying Officer DJ Innes as he prepares to take off at Agartala, India


AVAILABLE FROM www.guidelinepublications.co.uk


Beaufighters of 272 Squadron RAF in flight over Malta. Nearest the camera is a Mk VIC, X8079 K, which was shot down by German fighters off Maritime Island on 22nd May 1943. Behind X8079 is a Mk IC, T5043 V. The squadron flew from both Luqa and Ta Kali during this period Beaufighters from 144 and 254 Squadrons RAF, 455 Squadron RAAF and 489 Squadron RNZAF attacking German M class minesweepers escorting a convoy off the Dutch coast, north west of Borkum, with rocket projectiles. Thirteen aircraft can be seen in the photograph, which was taken over the tail of a Beaufighter of 455 Squadron after delivering its attack

Beaufighter Mark IIF night fighter R2402 of 255 Squadron at Hibaldstow, Lincolnshire. The Merlin powered Mk IIF was the outcome of a shortage of Hercules engines, which were being prioritised for production of the Short Stirling in late 1941

Ground crews working on a Beaufighter Mk VIF, which made a forced landing on the beach airstrip at Nidania (George) on the coast of Bengal, India while returning from a sortie over Burmaafter delivering its attack

Belgian trainees at work repairing and maintaining a Bristol Beaufighter at the Belgian Air Training School at Snailwell, Cambridgeshire in 1945


AVAILABLE FROM www.guidelinepublications.co.uk


By Andy McCabe Iwata have released new products to accompany their excellent range of Airbrushes and Compressors which are part of their Iwata Workstation range of products. Iwata Spray Out Pot IWCL-300 £29.95 inc VAT The Spray Out Pot allows you to clean and empty your airbrush into a sealed pot instead of spraying it out elsewhere. This item features: • A removable non-skid pot sleeve • A universal airbrush hanger that fits all gravity feed, side feed, bottom feed and trigger style airbrushes • A filter cap that also serves as a convenient airbrush parts holder, very handy if like me you put parts of the airbrush down when cleaning it and then can’t remember where you put them • Connectors for any Iwata Universal Airbrush holder, using the bracket supplied with the Universal Holder • Eliminates overspray when cleaning your airbrush • Easy to clean, dishwasher safe glass pot, although your spouse may not be so keen on this one

• Two spare filters included Dealing safely with waste paint and cleaning materials is always a tricky subject and the spray pot helps to alleviate this and is an essential part of your airbrushing kit. Iwata Universal Airbrush Holder IWA-AH-400 £29.95 inc VAT The Universal Airbrush Holder features: • Two Universal Airbrush hangers that fit all gravity feed, side feed, bottom feed and trigger style airbrushes • Specific hanger design holds airbrushes securely so that they cannot be accidentally pulled from the hanger and therefore damage your rather expensive investment • Heavy-duty clamp with extra depth for thick tables up to 3” (76mm) thick • A bracket for connecting the Universal Spray Out Pot (Pot sold separately) • A screw for attaching an air regulator mounting bracket Having somewhere safe to rest your airbrush whilst it is not in use keeps your kit safe and sound, as airbrushes are temperamental and don’t like being thrown around. This hanger keeps it safe and sound until you need it and is another essential airbrush accessory.

Iwata Lube (10ml) IWA-015001 £8.95 inc VAT The new 10ml Iwata Lube tube keeps your airbrush’s moving parts moving freely and prevents them from sticking. A few drops into the main lever, needle packing, valve piston packing and along the needle keeps them moving smoothly. The Lube is nontoxic and silicone free and the reformulated lube does not have evaporative qualities and maintains its viscosity in all environments. UK importer for Iwata products is the Airbrush Company Ltd Email: [email protected] www.airbrushes.com



n o o h Typ


Revell's Eurofighter By Peter Doyle

Eurofighter Typhoon Kits in 1/72 Kit No: 03952 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


he Eurofighter Typhoon was first mooted in the early 1980s as a collaborative programme between Britain, German, Italy, Spain, Greece and France. France pulled out before the project really got going and Greece also pulled out for funding reasons. The first step in the development of the aircraft was BAe’s privately developed technology demonstrator, the EAP, which first flew in the mid 1980s. This was followed by the first flight of the joint Eurofighter design in March 1994. Following use of the RR RB199 in the EAP all production Typhoons have been fitted with the Eurojet EJ200, another collaborative project but based largely on Rolls-Royce’s XG-40 technology demonstrator. Politics and lack of full commitment from governments have slowed the project down over the years, including a German attempt to withdraw from the project in the early 1990s to instead develop a simpler version. Work share then became an issue following reductions in planned purchases, which left each nation’s order quantities noticeably out of proportion compared with their work share. Germany, having almost halved its order from an initial 250 aircraft to just 140, insisted on retaining the same proportion of the work share. Britain in the meanwhile had only reduced its order from 250 to 232. Sensibly however a compromise was eventually found. In general sales have been a little slower than might have been hoped for and undoubtedly the slow progress of the project and particularly the continuing lack of an AESA radar have not helped, the latter once again resulting from failures between the partners to agree. Although the aircraft is quite specifically known as the Typhoon in RAF service and also when exported, it is officially the EF-2000 in German, Italian and Spanish service although that seems not to prevent it from being pretty well universally referred to as the Typhoon. Without doubt, whatever it is called, the Typhoon has turned out to be one of just three or four of the world’s most formidable and effective multi role combat aircraft.

There have been a number of kits in 1/72 in the last twenty five years, some based on Typhoon prototypes. These have come from Italeri, HobbyBoss, Airfix, Revell and Hasegawa and some have been reboxed versions of other manufacturers' kits. Probably the only kits that a serious modeller would consider have been the Hasegawa and Revell releases. Having previously issued reboxed Italeri kits, Revell issued a new tooling of their own in 2004 and this was perhaps the first accurate 1/72 kit. Hasegawa then issued their first own tool kit in 2012, which was widely acclaimed. Unfortunately, whilst it is excellent as an example of the tool maker’s art, it really only represents an aircraft in flight with open throttles. This is because the intake ramp and the exhaust nozzles are supplied only in the full thrust, high speed position and thus any depiction of the aircraft on the ground would be unrealistic and not correctly representative. These were failings that the Revell kit did not suffer from although there were criticisms of some aspects of the mouldings.

The New Revell Typhoon Now however Revell has issued a new tool Typhoon. It is not dissimilar to the original but has sharper mouldings and finer and more delicate panel lines, something that I for one am very happy with. Given that alternative jet nozzles are supplied, open and closed, and intake ramps are offered in the normal slightly drooped position, it is a far better option than the arguably better moulded Hasegawa kit. The width of the fuselage in the area of the cockpit also seems more accurate. The canopy is supplied in two parts and may be posed in the open position. The kit mouldings are quite complex, possibly as a means of achieving a more accurate shape. The downside of that is that there are more possibilities for mismatched joints and a more significant requirement for filling. Much use of tape was required to hold parts together to achieve and retain the exact positioning of parts. A comparison with the 2004 moulding is instructive. In general the shape of the new kit is subtly more accurate, especially in the region of the rear fuselage which is slightly fuller. The complex Typhoon wing shape, particularly noticeable when viewed from the front, is captured well and there is extra detail in places such as the cockpit coaming and the undercarriage. The blown canopy is a significant

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improvement even if this is at the expense of a faint, indeed almost invisible, seam line along the top. On the negative side, the four small pitot intakes behind the radome below the nose, which were included in the original kit, are absent from the new moulding.

Construction Work commenced with the cockpit tub, starting with a very well detailed five part replica of the Martin Baker Mk 16A ejection seat. The instrument panel having been completed, the ejection seat and control column were added to the cockpit tub. The instrument panel, offered as a transparent part, was found not to be a totally precise fit and required some adjustment. However the advantage of its transparency was that the HUD display was an integral part and when painted with a pale blue/green transparent tint accurately represented reality. Once completed the various parts of the cockpit interior were painted. The cockpit is the same on all nation’s aircraft and it has been reported that it is officially BS 632 Dark Admiralty Grey. However a look at any photograph of a Typhoon cockpit shows that much of what can be seen is a much lighter grey. Some reports suggest FS 26231 was used, this being very close to BS 637 Medium Sea Grey. Some details such as the control column and throttle are in a darker grey, as are the instrument side panels and the upper part of the main instrument panel. These may well be in the aforementioned BS 632 Dark Admiralty Grey, reported as very similar to FS 26081 by some internet sources. The Martin Baker MB16A ejector seats are in overall black with green cushions and mainly green and grey straps and a black headrest. The cockpit coaming appears to be a very dark grey and sills are also a very dark grey, possibly again BS 632 Dark Admiralty Grey. To represent most current RAF aircraft, don’t forget to open up the holes in the port fuselage half for the Pirate IRST sensor, which is supplied with the kit. It is not mentioned in the instructions as it was not fitted to the subject Luftwaffe machine. Having fixed the cockpit tub to the starboard fuselage half, the other fuselage half was then attached. This needed great care and was done little by little, starting at the front and using plenty of tape to hold things together and in the right place. I inserted but didn’t glue the separate fuselage spine panel to help keep the fuselage halves positioned and cemented correctly. There are not many joining surfaces to


Reference photo of ZJ946, EB-A, seen at Coningsby in May 2015. My model was based on this photo, with assistance from Xtradecal

hold things together and it’s well worth also temporarily fitting the jet pipes and main lower wing assembly without adhesive to ensure that the fuselage is correctly set up. Indeed it’s important to take considerable care with all fuselage and wing components, test fitting constantly and cleaning joining edges and corners before committing to the use of adhesive. Once this first stage of fuselage assembly is complete, the upper part of the intake ramp can be slid into place, the engine jet pipes can be cemented into the upper fuselage and the wings and the bottom part of intake ramp can also be permanently secured. Great care was needed to get everything to line up and it required a good deal of effort and much tape to keep everything correctly aligned. Once the fuselage thus far had dried the fin was added and the upper fuselage spine was cemented in place. I also fitted the dorsal air brake in its closed position. The nose cone conveniently houses the nose weight required and can be added next. However to avoid accidentally breaking off the canards I departed from the instruction sequence and didn’t fit them until the very end. It should be noted that when they are fitted parked aircraft almost invariably have the canards tilted very steeply, leading edge downwards. If the engine is shut down they are seen at varying angles in the order of about ten to fifteen degrees to the vertical. Finally came the exhaust nozzles and I chose the pair that was appropriate to a parked aircraft, namely the pair supplied in the open position. The two part windscreen and canopy was fitted next. The canopy has a very fine and almost invisible mould line across the top and I considered rubbing it down and dipping it in Klear, but the line is so faint that I decided to save myself the work by leaving it untouched. Starting by fitting the windscreen it took a while to work out why it wouldn’t sit down properly and as a result I undertook a good deal of trimming of anything unseen

that might have been fouling it. Eventually I discovered two very thin tabs on the bottom of windscreen which locate into slots in the sill next to the base of the coaming. I removed part of the rear of these tabs and instantly they slipped into their locating slots and the windscreen sat down properly. To avoid the dreaded effects of capillary action I used tube cement Glue ’n' Glaze and liquid cement in those different places where each would be most effective. Also, because I planned an aircraft with a closed canopy, I fixed the internal canopy frame down onto the fuselage behind the ejection seat rather than fixing it inside the canopy, in the expectation that this might be an easier option which, indeed, turned out to be the case.

ZK343, BX, the Typhoon display aircraft in 2015 seen at Coningsby that May. This is the subject of the model from the earlier Revell kit, again completed with assistance from Xtradecal. How things have changed for the worse with 2017's display aircraft being in completely unmarked grey except for the code BV on the fin tip

A few minor external details were added at this point including the Pirate IRST sensor, wingtip ECM pods and the refuelling probe, which may be displayed either open or closed. I first tried to assemble the main undercarriage, together with the separate components representing the support struts and actuating mechanism, in the manner recommended by the instructions. However the drawings do not make the location of these struts at all clear and thus I completely failed. I then tried instead first to fit the sturdy main legs on their own before fitting the strut assembly afterwards. I started with the pin, which fits into a locating hole in the interior of the undercarriage bay and which is moulded into the underside of the upper wing half. Note that this is not in the position shown by the instructions but is further inboard. The remainder of the locating points against the main undercarriage leg

Italian and Luftwaffe Typhoons showing notable colour differences

Luftwaffe Typhoon nose showing dark overall shade of grey compared with standard grey used on the radome



T YP H O O N then become fairly obvious. I did much the same with the nose gear leg although in this case the strut had to be fitted before the leg. Care needed to be taken when cutting the delicate and fragile struts from the sprues in order not to snap them and I used a razor saw for this. Once the legs were securely fixed the wheels were painted and added. All the main doors also have representations of jacks and connecting links, either built in or added separately, and although moderately complex to assemble the end result is extremely convincing and accurate.

Stores Stores may now be added and in addition to three 1,000l fuel tanks, the weapons provided are a pair each of Sidewinders, ASRAAMs, Iris-Ts, AMRAAMs and Meteors plus appropriate wing pylons and under fuselage location points. All are air-to-air rounds as would be appropriate for the Luftwaffe aircraft offered by the kit. A common training fit seen at RAF Coningsby is to have two pylons in place under each outer wing and either a central fuel tank or a tank under each wing. However, an omission from the kit is that the inboard of the two outer underwing pylons is not offered. An ASRAAM training round is very frequently seen on the port outer pylon whilst the starboard outer pylon is either left empty, carries another ASRAAM or a white MBDA HL7254 training pod, seemingly based on the ASRAAM but without fins and notable for three thick circumferential rings around it. The four missile locations below the fuselage invariably seem to be empty.

Painting and Finishing Typhoon airframe colours are a subject of hot debate and there is much conflicting advice on the Internet. Hopefully without inflaming the debate, my own analysis of what is out there comes to the

conclusion that some colours are quite definite whilst others, despite being based on information apparently offered by the manufacturers, seem much less certain. It must be taken into account of course, that the colours do fade and weather with age and that colour advice given in kit instructions is best ignored. RAF aircraft are without doubt BS381C 626 Camouflage (Barley) Grey overall, Luftwaffe aircraft are FS595B 35237 overall and Saudi aircraft are BS 626 with a disruptive pattern of FS 35237 on the upper surfaces. Less certain seem to be the colours of Italian aircraft and particularly Spanish and Austrian aircraft. FS 36280 seems likely for Italian aircraft as not only does it look right but was also used on earlier AMI aircraft such as the F-104S. Some items are the same on all machines, such as external fuel tanks, in BS 626 Camouflage Grey or equivalent, and radomes and other prepainted areas in FS595B 36314 Flint Grey. This colour is supposedly an FS equivalent to Camouflage Grey. Leading edges around the intake, wings and fin are often a slightly different colour, as is the rubbing strip on the leading edge of the rudder. Looking at RAF aircraft it can be seen that the radomes vary from being almost identical to the overall Camouflage Grey, changing to a slightly darker colour as the radomes weather with age. The fin tip dielectric panel varies in the same way. In fact, the knowledge that radomes are originally the same colour on all aircraft is a useful guide when using photographs to assess the correct shade of the remaining overall airframe colour of a specific aircraft. The undercarriage and outer parts of the main wheel hubs are a very light grey, reportedly FS 26492, as is the interior of the undercarriage bays and doors and other

interior surfaces. That is close to RAL 7035, which is well represented by Revell’s own paint 32371, which I used. In fact it’s very close to the colour of the kit plastic and is certainly not white as advised in the kit instructions. The inside of the intake behind the ramp however is white. Amidst all this are the usual variations of course, such

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as the occasional BS 697 Light Admiralty Grey nose wheel hub. In summary therefore there only seems to be certainty in the public domain about RAF, Luftwaffe and Saudi aircraft. It is also perhaps a puzzle why FS595B colour standards should be used and/or quoted on a wholly European aircraft. FS 35237 is pretty well identical to RAL 7000, FS 36280 is almost indistinguishable from RAL 7001 and FS 26492 is very close to BS 627 Light Aircraft Grey. Working from my own photographs, as I do whenever I can, I chose to finish my Typhoon as ZJ946, EB-A of 41 Squadron. This is the RAF’s test and evaluation squadron, and has six Typhoons as well as three Tornados. The markings are attractive, infrequently seen and don’t feature the usual shield design on the fin which for reasons that I can’t explain, I rather dislike. The subject matter in the kit is a single Luftwaffe aircraft and as a result there is no RAF specific stencilling and so the pale pink, pale yellow and grey stencils are absent and must be sourced elsewhere. That said, most stencilling on RAF Typhoons is nigh on invisible, as examination of even close up photos will show, so its absence is unlikely to be noticed. Also, it’s worth commenting that the formation lights (slime lights) on most RAF Typhoons are not really slime coloured, as offered in most decal sheets, but are much closer to the airframe grey. This does not seem to be the case with other air arms though and so as always the only way to be certain is to examine photographs of the original. Finally, the recent depressing bad news, which seemed to be confirmed by the five Typhoons seen during my recent visits to the Yeovilton Air Day and to RIAT, is that RAF Typhoons are having their squadron markings removed. None on show wore its squadron colours with the only reminder of the previous system in evidence being the display aircraft at Yeovilton, which wore the 29 Squadron code BV on the fin tip and one of the static aircraft, ZK344, at RIAT, which still had the aircraft code A in 2 Squadron’s small white triangle on the fin tip. ZJ950 at both displays had nothing more than the last three in white in the same fin tip position although it did, however, have the pilot’s name under the cockpit.

Conclusion An excellent, accurate kit but one that requires attention to complete well.


The 18 Group Coastal Command 'Norge' Scheme of 1943 By Paul Lucas

Bristol Beaufighter TF Mk. X, LZ295/2•Z, operated by No. 404 Squadron, RCAF, Davidstow Moor Strike Wing, circa mid-1944. Finish is BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey) to the upper surfaces with the fuselage sides and wing upper surfaces showing a patchy and chalked finish of BS 381c: 638 Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.405 BS Dark Sea Grey). The wing leading edges, originally White, are in fresh Extra Dark Sea Grey. The undersides are in Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue). The codes are in BS 381c: 435 Dull Roundel Red (Vallejo 71.080 Rust), with BS 381c: 356 Trainer Yellow (Vallejo 71.078 Yellow RLM 04) outlines. The undersides and serials are in Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue). Note areas of overpainting to the airframe.


or some time there has been speculation about the colour scheme applied to some of the Bristol Beaufighters operated by 18 Group of RAF Coastal Command on anti-shipping operations around the Norwegian coast during 1943 as some photographs appear to show a three tone camouflage scheme somewhat reminiscent of that employed by the United States Navy.

Between late 1941 and early 1943 there were two basic camouflage schemes employed on Coastal Command anti-shipping and

anti-submarine aircraft. Both roles called for the use of the Temperate Sea Scheme of Extra Dark Sea Grey and Dark Slate Grey on the upper surfaces with anti-shipping aircraft having Special Night, Night or Sky under surfaces to Pattern No. 1 and anti-submarine aircraft having White under surfaces to Pattern No.2. This policy began to change on 30 December 1942 however, when HQ Coastal Command wrote to the Air Ministry to inform them that Coastal Command camouflage policy had been under review in the light of operational experience and that as a consequence, HQ Coastal Command now sought Air Ministry approval to introduce a number of new camouflage schemes. For medium or low flying aircraft in the anti-submarine, anti-

shipping and meteorological reconnaissance aircraft, which were to be camouflaged against detection from either the ground or the sea, three different schemes were thought to be necessary to deal with different conditions. Scheme 'A' for day flying in the Western Approaches, Bay of Biscay and North Sea featured upper surfaces finished in Extra Dark Sea

Grey, side surfaces finished in matt White and under surfaces finished in gloss White. Scheme 'B' was intended for day and night flying in the Mediterranean, Persian Gulf and Caribbean. It was also intended for use where aircraft operated mainly under moonlight in all areas such as certain (but unspecified) anti shipping aircraft. This featured Extra Dark Sea Grey upper surfaces, Dark Sea Grey side surfaces and gloss White under surfaces.

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Scheme 'C' was intended for all aircraft for which there was a danger of illumination by searchlights and featured Extra Dark Sea Grey upper surfaces with both the side and under surfaces being finished in what the letter referred to as ‘Black’ but would in fact have been Night. The upper surfaces in all three schemes, which had

Bristol Beaufighter TF Mk. X, LZ295/2•Z, operated by No. 404 Squadron, RCAF, Davidstow Moor Strike Wing, circa mid-1944, upper view. The finish is as described for the side elevation. previously been finished in the Temperate Sea Scheme, were now to be Extra Dark Sea Grey because the use of the disruptive pattern was not

considered to offer any advantage and required much extra work to

apply. It was therefore considered that only the single colour should be used in future. Where different colours met, they should do so in a straight line without waving or other form of merging and that the under surface colour should always be carried up just over the leading edges of the main planes. Air Ministry approval for the adoption of the three camouflage schemes was given in a letter from the Director of Operational Requirements at the Air Ministry dated 22 January 1943, which stated that action had been taken with the Ministry of Aircraft Production

(MAP) and HQ 41 Group in Maintenance Command to effect the introduction of colour scheme 'A' for aircraft employed in Coastal Command. Scheme 'B' and 'C' were also to be promulgated to all concerned. The new Coastal Command camouflage schemes were promulgated by the Air Ministry to a wide ranging Service distribution list in the UK in a Postagram dated 2 February 1943 and to the aircraft manufacturers by the MAP in a letter dated 9 February 1943. The Air Ministry Postagram set out the three schemes as previously described but changed the nomenclature so the Scheme 'A' was now Scheme (i), Scheme 'B' was now Scheme (ii) and Scheme 'C' was now Scheme (iii). There was also an error in the description of Scheme (ii), which stated that the side surfaces were to be Extra Dark


Bristol Beaufighter Mk. Ic, T3295/A, operated by No. 235 Squadron, based at RAF Leuchars, May 1943. Finish is in White (Vallejo 71.279 Insignia White) to the fuselage sides and aircraft undersides, with the wing, tailplane, nacelle and cowl upper surfaces finished in BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey). The codes and serials are in BS 381c: 639 Light Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.406 Light Slate Grey). Sea Grey, which was later corrected in a series of letters and Postagrams confirming that these were to be Dark Sea Grey. The new camouflage requirements for Coastal Command Aircraft were included in Directorate of Technical Development Technical Circular No.360 Issue 1, which was published during February 1943. DTD TC No.360 Appendix 5 'Colour Scheme for Aircraft Engaged on Coastal Duties' listed the three schemes as follows. 1) Aircraft for Coastal Duties except PR, Meteorlogical, Air /Sea Rescue and other Special Duties. This was the standard Coastal Command Extra Dark Sea Grey and White Scheme. 2) Aircraft for Special Coastal Duties Scheme A. This was the Extra Dark Sea Grey, Dark Sea Grey and White scheme. 3) Aircraft for Special Coastal Duties Scheme B. This was the Extra Dark Sea Grey and Night Scheme. At the end of the section, there was a note that stated that the standard scheme defined in paragraph 1 was to be used unless special instructions were issued for the application of either of the schemes defined in paragraphs 2 and 3. Though the precise details are not currently known, a distinction was made between home based Coastal Command aircraft and those engaged on similar duties overseas whereby the upper surfaces were finished in the Temperate Sea Scheme whilst the under surfaces were finished in Azure Blue to Pattern No.1. Documentary evidence confirms that it was still being applied in mid-October 1943.

18 Group 'Norge' Scheme On 20 August 1943, HQ 18 Group wrote to HQ Coastal Command stating that aircraft in 18 Group had been repainted in Scheme (ii) as detailed in the Postagram dated 12

February 1943, i.e. they had been painted in the Extra Dark Sea Grey, Dark Sea Grey and glossy White scheme. The letter then went on to state that tests had just been carried out to ascertain whether the under surfaces of aircraft employed in 18 Group on the Norwegian coast were most effectively camouflaged with White as detailed in the Postagram or in what the letter describes colloquially as ‘pale blue’. These comparative tests had been carried out using two Beaufighters, a Beaufighter Mk VI with pale blue under surfaces and a Beaufighter Mk X with white under surfaces and it had been found that the pale blue colour was the better of the two, especially when the aircraft was at a distance of 2000 yards or more. At close range, the type of camouflage was not thought to be of any great importance. When the aircraft were approaching at low level over the sea against a land background it was found difficult to see either aircraft until the distance was between 2000 and 1000 yards but then it was the Beaufighter with the White under surface that first caught the eye. As aircraft, other than anti-submarine aircraft of 18 Group were generally operated at low level off the Norwegian coast against a land background, it was considered that the under surfaces of all aircraft used off the Norwegian coast should be coloured pale blue and not White on their under surfaces. It was therefore requested that authority be given by HQ Coastal Command for 18 Group to camouflage all Beaufighters, Hampdens and the Mosquitos of 333 Squadron with pale blue under surfaces instead of the White under surfaces currently called for. Finally, it was stated that the necessary recamouflaging could be carried out by the units concerned if the aircraft were delivered camouflaged in Scheme (i). On 8 September 1943, HQ

Coastal Command replied to 18 Group's request stating that there was no objection to the proposed change in the camouflage of aircraft operating off the Norwegian coast. Approval was given for work to proceed on all Beaufighters and 333 Squadron Mosquitos but it was not considered necessary to alter the camouflage of the Hampden since these squadrons would soon be reequipped. Because all changes to aircraft camouflage had to be reported to the Air Ministry, who were responsible for notifying all concerned with aircraft recognition, it was requested that 18 Group inform HQ Coastal Command on what date the first Beaufighter and Mosquito would be seen flying with the new under surface camouflage and later, the date on which all the work was completed. On 18 September 1943 18 Group notified HQ Coastal Command that the first Beaufighter would be flying from 19 September and this information was subsequently passed to the Air Ministry. This seems to have come as something as a surprise to the Fighter Operations Branch who had no knowledge of the scheme and asked the Operational Requirements Branch if they knew anything of it in a memo dated 20 September. In the meantime, it was not proposed to take any action on the signal as it was considered that the variation in colouring, if any between Sky and pale blue was not of any great importance from a recognition point of view given that the Beaufighter was a wellknown standard type. It would therefore appear that with effect from 19 September 1943 Beaufighters in 18 Group operating off the Norwegian coast would be camouflaged with their upper surfaces to Pattern No.2 in Extra Dark Sea Grey, the upper surfaces between the boundaries of Pattern No.1 and Pattern No.2 in Dark Sea Grey and the under surfaces to Pattern No.1 in what is colloquially described in the

correspondence quoted above as 'pale blue'. This raises the question as to what exactly was meant by the colloquialism 'pale blue'? There are arguably only two realistic possibilities in the range of standard aircraft finish materials in the RAF Vocabulary of Stores that might be described colloquially as 'pale blue', Sky Blue, which had originally been invented for application to the under surface of radio controlled target aircraft in February 1939, and Azure Blue, which in 1943 was a standard under surface colour for day flying aircraft operating in the Middle East. Both these colours have been linked to the under surfaces of Coastal Command Beaufighters during the last quarter of 1943 in the past. Writing in part 10 'Coastal Command Fighters' of his long running 'Fighting Colours' series in Airfix Magazine, MJF Bowyer stated on page 474 of the August 1968 issue: ‘I noted...that from late 1943 'the under surfaces on the Beaufighters are a lighter shade', to quote from my diary of December 12 1943. This may well have been Sky Blue.’ This solicited a letter from reader Alex Tough, which was published on page 132 of the November 1968 issue, which stated: ‘Reading part 10 of 'Fighting Colours' caused me to look out some old wartime notes, and I find that, in September 1943, in the Lossiemouth area, I saw several rocket armed Beaufighter Xs with White under surfaces and sides. One, which had no code letters, was serial LZ792. Others, which I saw at the same time, with grey/green top and sides, were a definite blue underneath.’ Lossiemouth was the home of No. 46 MU, which was an Aircraft Storage Unit in 41 Group Maintenance Command and was responsible for the storage and issue of Beaufighter aircraft to Service units both at home and overseas. This would explain why




Bristol Beaufighter TF Mk. X, LZ176/2•X, operated by No. 404 Squadron, RCAF, based at RAF Wick, circa early September 1943. Finish is BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey) to the upper surfaces with the fuselage sides and wing upper surfaces showing a patchy and chalked finish of BS 381c: 638 Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.405 BS Dark Sea Grey). The undersides are in White (Vallejo 71.279 Insignia White), with the codes in BS 381c: 435 Dull Roundel Red (Vallejo 71.080 Rust), with BS 381c: 356 Trainer Yellow (Vallejo 71.078 Yellow RLM 04) outlines. The serials are in BS 381c: 642. Night Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). Alex Tough was able to see Beaufighters finished in both the standard Coastal Command Scheme and the Temperate Sea Scheme with Azure Blue under surfaces in the same locality at the same time. It is not necessarily the case that that Beaufighters with the Temperate Sea and Azure Blue scheme served with Coastal Command squadrons. It may be the case however that Beaufighters that had been finished in the Temperate Sea and Azure Blue scheme might be issued to a Coastal Command squadron if there was an urgent operational need for replacement aircraft and Beaufighters in the Temperate Sea and Azure Blue scheme were the only ones available. Nine years later, in an article entitled 'Coastal Colours' published in Airfix Magazine Annual 7 on page 31 MJF Bowyer wrote: ‘An interesting oddity of autumn 1943 concerned a handful of Beaufighters of No. 144 Squadron. This unit had maintained a detachment overseas in Northwest Africa, where under surfaces were painted Azure Blue. When the aircraft returned they flew for some weeks with Coastal Command in the strange Mediterranean finish.’ 144 Squadron were part of 18 Group based at Tain between May and July 1943 when they did indeed detach to North Africa as a temporary reinforcement to Middle East Command during the initial phase of Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily. For this purpose, they were issued with new, presumably tropicalised Beaufighters, which would almost certainly have been finished in the Temperate Sea Scheme on the upper surfaces and Azure Blue on the under surfaces. Examination of 144 Squadron's ORB suggests that the tropicalised Beaufighters used by 144 Squadron in North Africa were left there as the overseas detachment arrived back in the UK by boat on 12 August. The entry for 19 August records that twelve new aircrews reported to Tain in connection with the squadron being reformed and the first new Beaufighter Mk X was received. The entry for September 1943 recorded that further Beaufighter Mk Xs were delivered during the month making a total of nineteen. That both Alex Tough's sighting and MJF Bowyers’ 1977 comments coincide exactly with 144 Squadron’s re-equipment on their return from North Africa would therefore appear to suggest that some of the new Beaufighter Mk Mk Xs delivered to 144 Squadron during August and September 1943 might have finished in the Temperate Sea and Azure Blue scheme having originally been intended for dispatch overseas. That said however, given that 18 Group's camouflage trials appear to have taken place

before 144 Squadron reformed, that Sky Blue is perhaps a better match for the colloquial term 'pale blue' than Azure Blue and could perhaps also be described colloquially as a 'duck egg blue', until such time as further evidence comes to light that might prove or refute the hypothesis, it is suggested that the most likely identity of the 'pale blue' to have been incorporated into the modified Coastal Command Special Duties Scheme A for operations off the Norwegian coast with effect from 19 September hereafter referred to colloquially as the '18 Group Norge Scheme' was Sky Blue. When 18 Group changed from the Coastal Command Standard Scheme to Coastal Command Special Duties Scheme A, one aspect of the camouflage scheme was modified slightly. This concerned the front and upper surface of the engine nacelles and leading edges and upper surfaces of the wings and tailplane, which in the Coastal Command Standard Scheme were finished in White so as to render the Beaufighter almost entirely White when seen from head on. It would appear from photographs that the matt White paint applied to the upper surfaces was over painted with either Dark Sea Grey or Extra Dark Sea Grey with the possibly being some variation from one Beaufighter to another. In addition to this, the engine cowl rings were finished in Night whilst the heat resisting White anti glow paint was replaced by a similar heat resisting paint manufactured by ICI, which was black in colour. Originally provisioned for stores in April 1942 as 33B/507 for use on Night Fighters, this paint was also used by Bristols on Beaufighters camouflaged in the Temperate Sea Scheme. The use of the 18 Group Norge Scheme is thought to have been restricted to 144 and 404 Squadrons, which became operational from Wick with torpedoes and rockets respectively as a strike wing from the beginning of October 1943. On 8 September 1943 HQ Coastal Command wrote to HQ 16 Group referring to the new scheme and stating that if 16 Group also wished to adopt the scheme they were to inform HQ Coastal Command so that the Air Ministry could notify all parties with a need to know for recognition purposes. Unfortunately, what reply HQ 16 Group made is unknown and this might have been of some importance with regard to future policy.

Duck Egg Blue The suggestion that the Mosquitos of 333 Squadron should also have 'pale blue' under surfaces was opposed by the Squadron's

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Commanding Officer who pointed out that that Mosquitos were being delivered to the squadron in a colour he described as 'matt light sea grey' and that he considered this colour to be as good a camouflage as the proposed colour, which he described as 'duck egg blue', particularly as the grey toned in well with the colour of the Norwegian leads. The use of these terms clearly illustrate the problems inherent in the use of colloquial terms to try to describe colours that had official names. The 'matt light sea grey' was without a doubt a reference to Medium Sea Grey, which was the colour applied to all Mosquito FB.VIs such as those equipping 333 Squadron on the production line. In the light of this, it would appear that the use of the colloquialism 'duck egg blue' was an attempt to describe the colour referred to in 18 Group documentation as 'pale blue'. The problem with this of course is that the colloquialism 'duck egg blue' was widely understood in the UK at this time to mean the colour officially called Sky, which was a pale grey green, not a pale blue. Thus the old colloquialism 'duck egg blue' enters official documentation relating to the 18 Group Norge Scheme to describe the colour previously referred to colloquially as 'pale blue'. Having made this concern known to HQ 18 Group, on 6 October 1943 HQ 18 Group wrote to HQ Coastal Command to pass this information on at the same time requesting authority for Mosquitos to retain the grey finish on the under surface as this would save the labour and material in re-painting them 'duck egg blue'. The same letter refers to 'Scheme II camouflage with duck-egg blue under surfaces' as authorised in the letter of 8 September 1943 so HQ 18 Group also employed the colloquialism 'duck egg blue' to describe the 'pale blue' of the Norge Scheme. In their reply to this letter, dated 13 October 1943, HQ Coastal Command refer to the under surface colour of Beaufighters as 'pale blue' but at this point the documentary trail goes cold and something important appears to happen.

A 'Gremlin' Scheme? On 15 October 1943 the Operational Requirements Branch at the Air Ministry minuted a number of interested parties including HQ 41 Group Maintenance Command to inform them that as a result of experience in operations of the Beaufighter Fighter, Torpedo and Flack Escort Squadrons of Coastal Command, and the difficulties that had arisen in making retrospective changes in the camouflage finish at operational units, it had been found desirable that the White camouflage scheme at


Bristol Beaufighter TF Mk. X, LZ297/2•A, operated by No. 404 Squadron, RCAF, based at RAF Wick, October 1943. Finish is BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey) to the upper surfaces with the fuselage sides and wing upper surfaces showing a patchy and chalked finish of BS 381c: 638 Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.405 BS Dark Sea Grey). The undersides are in Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue), with the codes in BS 381c: 639 Light Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.406 Light Slate Grey), with BS 381c: 356 Trainer Yellow (Vallejo 71.078 Yellow RLM 04) outlines. The serials are also in Sky Blue. present applied to Beaufighter aircraft on the production line should be modified. It had therefore been decided that Coastal marks of Beaufighter including OTU aircraft, were to be required to be finished on the upper and side surfaces with Dark Sea Grey with the under surfaces finished in Sky to Pattern No.1. It would be appreciated if action to effect this change on the production line could be taken with the minimum delay. Whilst retrospective action was desirable before the issue of aircraft that had already been finished in the White scheme to the service was desirable, this was not to delay delivery. Beaufighters undertaking Coastal Duties overseas were still required to be painted in the Temperate Sea Scheme with Azure Blue under surfaces as at present. Where this new requirement for Beaufighter camouflage came from is currently unclear. It might have its origins in the presently unknown wishes of 16 Group as referred to above allied to the wish to standardise Coastal Command camouflage to the maximum degree whilst also saving as much labour and material as possible, which had been motives behind the revision of Coastal Command camouflage the previous January. As will be seen however, at the time that HQ Coastal Command drafted this requirement, it would appear to have been infiltrated by a number of hard working Gremlins... The new Dark Sea Grey and Sky scheme was promulgated to the service by a Postagram dated 22 October 1943, which was addressed to HQ Coastal Command along with all the other UK based Commands including HQ Maintenance Command. On the same day, a Postagram was sent from the Air Ministry to HQ 41 Group to inform them that with reference to the minute of 15 October it was considered that owing to the urgency of Coastal Command Beaufighter commitments aircraft should not be delayed for re-camouflaging to meet the new requirement in 41 Group Maintenance Units. As soon as these commitments had been met, all concerned would be notified so that the new policy could be implemented. Following the Postagram of 22 October referred to above, it would appear that HQ Coastal Command realised that Gremlins had been at work and that an error had been made in stating that their camouflage requirement for the upper surfaces of Beaufighters was Dark Sea Grey. On 29 October 1943 the Operational Requirements Branch issued a further Minute to interested parties including HQ 41 Group to inform them that HQ Coastal Command had stated that an error had occurred in their letter,

which had requested the change in Beaufighter camouflage from Dark Sea Grey on the upper surfaces and that Extra Dark Sea Grey was required instead. The Chief Overseer at Bristols was said to already be aware of this amended requirement.

squadrons. In November 1943 however, an amendment was made to DTD TC 360 Appendix 5 that added a second note to the end of the Appendix and stated that:

Unfortunately, a copy of the letter from HQ Coastal Command to the Air Ministry formally requesting the new Beaufighter camouflage scheme has not come to light at the time of writing. It would be interesting to know if the letter, in addition to requesting 'dark sea grey' for the upper surfaces, which may or may not have been a colloquialism for Extra Dark Sea Grey, also requested that the under surfaces were to be 'duck egg blue' meaning the 'pale blue' of the 18 Group Norge Scheme only to have it interpreted by the Operational Requirements Branch as meaning Sky, the then common interpretation of the term duck egg blue.

The reference to special requirements is somewhat ambiguous, but it has the virtue of covering the 18 Group Norge Scheme and any other schemes that might have come into existence as a result of the orders and counter orders issued between whenever 18 Group first authorised the use of Coastal Command Special Duties Scheme A and the Extra Dark Sea Grey and Sky scheme promulgated on 3 November 1943. Shortly after this in December 1943, DTD TC 360 was updated as Issue 2 without further modification to Appendix 5.

A further Postagram was sent on 3 November 1943, which referred back to that of 22 October and stated that the Beaufighter camouflage scheme promulgated therein had now been amended. It was now as follows: (i) Upper surfaces – Extra dark sea grey (ii) Side surfaces – Extra dark sea grey (iii) Under surfaces – Sky (iv) Standard national markings.’ It is not known to what extent the 'Gremlin' scheme of Dark Sea Grey and Sky, which appears to have existed on paper between 15 October and 3 November 1943, was actually applied either on the production line, at ASU's or on

‘Beaufighter aircraft used on Coastal Duties are coloured to Special requirements’.

At exactly what point Beaufighters finished in the new Extra Dark Sea Grey and Sky scheme began to be issued to Coastal Command squadrons is not clear but it would appear that the 18 Group 'Norge' Scheme remained in use until it began to be phased out on 404 Squadron from February 1944. The squadron's ORB recorded that on18 February 1944 one aircraft went to Filton for re-camouflaging followed by a second aircraft on 7 March 1944, whose pilot was to return with the first aircraft. The second aircraft apparently returned on 14 March 1944 and on 23 March 1944 another Beaufighter went to Bristol for what is described as a ‘new paint job.’ That said, the 18 Group Norge Scheme was still in use when 404 Squadron moved to Davidstowe Moor in 19 Group in May 1944.

BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey)

Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue)

BS 381c: 435 Dull Roundel Red (Vallejo 71.080 Rust)

BS 381c: 642 Night Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black)

BS 381c: 638 Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.405 BS Dark Sea Grey)

White (Vallejo 71.279 Insignia White)

BS 381c: 356 Trainer Yellow (Vallejo 71.078 Yellow RLM 04)

BS 381c: 639 Light Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.406 Light Slate Grey)

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com




Walking the Dog


he Cessna O-1 Bird Dog was developed as Cessna Model 305 by levelling out the rear fuselage of the existing Model 170 and adding new cockpit windows with 360 degree all-round visibility. Production began in 1950 and just under three thousand four hundred aircraft in various versions were built before it ended in 1959. Additional aircraft were licence built by Fuji in Japan and a further eighty fitted with a turbo prop engine and revised tail built by SIAI-Marchetti in Italy as the SM.1019. The aircraft was operated by the sometimes multiple air arms, paramilitary and civil organisations of some two dozen nations with in time ex military examples finding their way directly into the civilian light aviation market or remanufactured as the Ector Mountaineer and Super Mountaineer. Initially designated L-19 for the US Army and OE-1 for the US Marine Corps the O-1 designation was universally adopted under the tri-service naming arrangement that took effect from September 1962 by which time the US Air Force was showing an interest in acquiring aircraft for service in South East Asia. In United States service the Bird Dog entered service during the Korean War and served through to operations over South Vietnam and surrounding countries on a wide range of missions. These ranged from low-level and lowspeed visual reconnaissance, the Forward Air Control of higher performance attack aircraft and gunnery control for both land based artillery and naval guns, casualty evacuation, resupply and everything that could possibly be described

Starboard general arrangement view of the aircraft with marker rocket rack below the wing and whip aerial mounting fairing above the wing tip

Forward starboard fuselage and cockpit windscreen including the engine cowling with securing pins on the latches and the starboard engine exhaust pipe below. Below the corner of the windscreen is the stencilled ALAT crest marking its years of French Army service

By Des Brennan as liaison duties. Dependant on version it could carry up to four underwing stores racks for rockets, guns, flares, camera pods, droppable stores and on at least one occasion live pigs. Trials both official and otherwise were conducted with various fixed, flexibly mounted and hand carried infantry weapons used from the cockpit, although it was very much the case that if the aircraft was low enough to use these effectively to hit targets on the ground then those same targets could easily reciprocate, in addition to the potential threat posed by loose cartridges getting into places they had no right to be. The subject of this walk around was built as twin control Cessna L-19E 58-24582 and is currently on the UK Civil Aviation Register as GVDOG being owned and operated by Jim Watt, the Managing Director of Tayside Aviation Ltd. The aircraft spent its service life with l’Aviation Légère de l’Armée de Terre (ALAT) or French Army Aviation but has been restored albeit with its own serial in a representative colour scheme of a US Army O-1E as operated by 73 Aviation Company (Airplane Surveillance)(Light) based at Na Trang in South Vietnam between 1963-64. This was one of the first US Army Aviation units officially sent to the country and after about eighteen months service was renumbered as part of a reorganisation of the rapidly growing US presence and these markings reflect a time before the realities and lessons of the conflict brought about a far duller and toned down appearance. The aircraft carries a typical load of

Rear quarter view of the aircraft taxiing in at Dundee showing one of many variations of white and/or Day-Glo orange markings on the upper wing used during the South East Asia war to identify the O-1 to the attack aircraft they often directed. The whip aerial mounting fairings above each wing tip and on the cabin roof centreline can also be seen

Close-up of the starboard engine exhaust pipe exiting the cowling below the aircraft. This is arranged symmetrically on the port side

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paired tubed 2.75” Folding Fin Aerial Rockets (FFAR) with M156 White Phosphorous Smoke Warheads mounted on Mk 4A Stores Racks under each wing. As far as possible the aircraft has been restored to its original equipment fit although in line with current use a GPS unit is fitted above the left side of the instrument panel and a Transponder control unit below with associated white aerial above the cockpit and smaller white notch aerial below. The three upper surface whip aerials usually carried on the wing tips and on the aircraft centreline are not fitted although their mounting fairings remain. To mark its lengthy time in French service the stencilled crest of A.A. ALAT DAX or Amicale des Anciens de l’Aviation Légère de l’Armée de Terre de DAX et Sud-Ouest, the association for former members of French Army Aviation in DAX and the south-west, is carried under the windscreen forward of the cockpit door and some of the instrument panel and control labels survive in their original language. I am very grateful to Jim for allowing his aircraft to be photographed for the article and for the time and help that he and his staff at Dundee Airport gave to make it possible. When asked why he was so particularly interested in the Bird Dog, Jim, whose aviation career began in the Royal Navy and now extends to a very busy flight training school, explained that it was quite simple... The O-1 Bird Dog was the first Airfix kit he built as a schoolboy.

Close-up of the McAuley fixed pitch propeller boss and engine cowling face with its simple cooling arrangement for the engine and its radiator as well as the asymmetric wing vent arrangement with one to starboard and two to port

Starboard fixed landing gear strut from fuselage mounting plate to wheel showing the run of the hydraulic line back to the fuselage. The arrangement to the port strut is identical


Inner face of port main wheel showing the brake arrangement and hydraulic line connection to it

Cockpit access is through a door on the starboard side as seen here in the closed position with hinge and handle detail visible. This lower half of the door opens forward while the separate upper part, already open and stowed, swings upward

The upper part of the cockpit door swings upward and is latched onto the starboard wing undersurface as seen here, some cockpit detail including the fixing arrangement for the pilot’s harness can be seen beyond

Rear dorsal fuselage aerial arrangement with, from left to right/forward to back, a small whip aerial, an ADF Aerial fairing and a UHF/VHF blade aerial Starboard tailplane with acorn fairing mounted FM Aerial in the leading edge, control surface detail including the linking bar arrangement through the rudder and rear position light at the base of the rudder

Starboard tailplane seen from behind with acorn fairing mounted FM Aerial seen forward on the leading edge while the control surface hinge line and linking bar passing through the rudder can be seen to the trailing edge

Rear cockpit window arrangement with the red bearing reference arrows marked on the observers side window

Starboard tailplane and rear under fuselage detail with acorn fairing mounted FM Aerial on the leading edge while underneath the tailwheel and its connection with the rear fuselage can be seen

Close-up of the tailwheel unit and its fitting to the rear fuselage.

Close-up of the step clamped to the port wing support strut. The step on the starboard side is identical

Close-up of the step clamped to the port wing support strut. The step on the starboard side is identical




Starboard wing seen from the rear with whip aerial mounting fairing out towards the wing tip, fuel filler cap outboard of the wing root and red painted sling point loops along it, the white GPS/VHF aerial on the cabin roof is a modern addition

Inner port wing leading edge with two vents near the wing root and the pitot tube under the wing slightly further outboard

Cabin roof and rear cockpit window with red painted sling point loops along the wing root joint and red coloured fuel filler caps outboard. Ahead are the centreline whip aerial mounting fairing with an air temperature sensor ahead while the white GPS/VHF Aerial is a modern addition

Close-up of the 2.75” twin FFAR tubes shows how the unit is clamped together and fitted to the Mk 4A stores rack with the multi pin power lead with orange flex umbilical power cable into the wing socket. An unused socket for a second rack is seen inboard

Port wing and centre fuselage seen from the rear with whip aerial mounting fairing out towards the wing tip, fuel filler cap outboard of the wing root and red painted sling point loops along it. The centreline whip aerial mounting fairing can also be seen although the white GPS/VHF Aerial aft is a modern addition

Rear view of the starboard 2.75” twin FFAR tubes shows how they are mounted on the underwing Mk 4A stores rack along with the weapon’s firing system with the orange umbilical power cable leading from the wing plug into the front of the rack and firing wires from the rear to the rocket launch tubes

Inner face of the open cockpit door with release handle and map box detail

Battery and pilot’s rudder pedals below the instrument panel as well as some of the green fabric protection over some areas of the fuselage, which is otherwise painted matt black but fading to green primer in places

View into the cockpit through the open door with the pilot’s seat in the foreground and fire extinguisher below and to the rear of the frame. Personal equipment is visible on the seat back, the circuit breaker panel against the opposite wall below the window with radio selector and fuel gauge and tank selector above

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Pilot’s control column with the battery ahead centre and port rudder pedal ahead of that. The throttle quadrant is off to the side and part of the instrument panel, still with the French legend Demarreur identifying the red ringed starter button. The modern transponder control unit can be seen below and to the left of the panel


Instrument panel and coaming with throttle quadrant on the left fuselage wall and flexible map reading light to the right, the repeater compass is fitted to the centre frame of the windscreen while the internal reinforcing V framework can be seen bolted to the centre coaming, the GPS above and transponder unit below to the left side of the panel are modern additions

V shaped structural bracing stretching back from the instrument panel coaming to the cockpit roof at either side of the cabin. A repeater compass is mounted on the centre frame of the windscreen with the exterior temperature gauge above. Map reading lamps can be seen either side with the guarded switch panel for the wing stores etc. above that on the left.

The observer’s seat sits on an auxiliary fuel tank which also serves to block access to the rear fuselage, harness and life jacket detail can be seen as can the connection for the rear control column which lacks the handgrip of the pilot’s

Port side cockpit wall with throttle quadrant forward and circuit breaker panel behind, which despite the newer English identification labels still has some of the original French inscriptions. Not visible are the reddish-brown trim control wheel and yellow shoulder harness lock handle, which are just out of sight against the cockpit wall below the level of the seat cushion

Close-up of the throttle quadrant on the port side cockpit wall immediately aft of the instrument panel.

View through the cockpit glass to the controls and instruments along the starboard side wing root with from forward (left) to rear (right) additional communications equipment followed by port fuel tank gauge

Controls and instruments along the port side wing root with from forward (right) to rear (left) rear-view mirror and map reading light with the guarded switch panel for the wing stores etc. on the ceiling above followed by the port fuel tank gauge between the radio equipment and the fuel tank selector behind, the pilot’s harness is secured by clips below the fuel gauge and via a steel rope on the cross frame above the seat

View through the cockpit glass showing the port sidewall area of the observer’s position with from front (right) to back (left) the throttle quadrant, map reading light, radio control box and yellow shoulder harness lock behind. The red bearing arrows marked on the port window/emergency exit can also be seen

View aft over the observer’s seat to the V shaped structural bracing stretching from the rear apex of the cockpit to the roof on either side. The securing clip and steel rope arrangement to secure the pilot’s harness can also be seen and although the cockpit interior is predominately matt black the green primer beneath is wearing through

Close-up of the radio control box on the port sidewall of the observer’s position with the yellow shoulder harness lock and its original French instructions behind




The Truth and a Little Bit of What If… The Project


Supermarine Spitfire Mk I Kit No: 01071A Scale: 1/72 Type: Resin Manufacturer: Airfix Aftermarket: Kora Decal Sheet 72386 Supermarine Spitfire Mk I Estonian Service

Morane-Saulnier MS.406C1 Kit No: 80235 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Aftermarket: LF Models Decal Sheet 7251 Morane-Saulnier MS.406C1 Over Lithuania Part One

he practice of modelling aircraft and other subjects in what if schemes has in recent years become quite a respectable endeavour within the hobby. This was not always the case. The appearance of a series of injection moulded semi fictional Luftwaffe types in Revell boxes in the late 1990s was regarded by some modellers as being almost heretical. An engrained view within the hobby is an absolute dedication towards detail and strict accuracy. Modelling something that never was is a break with this tradition. It is not however a break from modelling as an art form. Most modelling that takes place in the UK is fantasy orientated, and what if aircraft projects are just a step along that path. The best what if projects are those that are firmly rooted in a plausible reality. With only just a tiny change of circumstance, many aircraft projects could have been built and entered service. Even more plausible are real aircraft that should, and in some cases almost did, carry very different marking and liveries to those normally associated with the type. Concorde in Virgin Atlantic or Japan Airlines markings would be a classic project in this vein, as would the F-16 in New Zealand markings or an F-20 Tigershark as a US Navy aggressor. The fringes of World War II are fertile ground for such ideas and the thought of making a Spitfire in an unusual scheme brought to mind the decal sheet produced by the Czech company Kora. This covered several Spitfire Mk Is in Estonian service. A little research revealed that the Estonians ordered the Spitfire and Lysander from the UK before the start of World War II but deliveries were never made both because the British needed the aircraft themselves and Estonia was among the Baltic states invaded by the Soviets while they were still allied with Germany. The smaller Baltic states, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, all tried to buy modern equipment in

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By Trevor Pask the late 1930s. None were as successful as their larger neighbour Finland, who managed to hold the Soviets at bay in the 1939-40 period. A search through available decals revealed some other Baltic what ifs and a Morane 406 in Lithuanian service produced by LF Models appealed. As with the Spitfire, these modern fighters were almost but not quite delivered in time. A Latvian Gladiator on a sheet produced by Print Scale almost made the project a three way build, but a little research indicated that these aircraft actually did enter service, the British having no issues at all it seems with exporting the Gladiator in the late 1930s.

Modelling the Spitfire Any number of Mk I Spitfire kits could have been used for this project. The most accurate kit in 1/72 is probably that produced by AZ. This is limited run type kit though, and with a few other projects on the boil at the same time, I opted for the recent newly tooled Airfix kit. This is easier to build than the AZ kit and is only let down by a slightly simplified cockpit interior and a representation of panel detail that is too heavy for some modellers tastes. Panel detail can be a point of discussion among some modellers. In 1/72 it should hardly be noticeable on an aircraft such as a Spitfire but there is a fashion to emphasis panel lines during the painting process. This can also be over scale in 1/72, but the technique can add interest and depth to a model. How a model is finished is a matter of personal choice and artistic style. As with all recent new Airfix kits, the Spitfire builds up quickly and neatly. The tolerances in the interior parts, which despite the comments above are well detailed for a mainstream kit, are fine and some care is needed to ensure everything is lined up properly before joining the fuselage halves. The wing to fuselage joints also require careful lining up. I did not get this quite right and had to fill this area as the join that was left was a touch too wide to represent a


panel line, which I believe was the designer’s intention. A little filler was required here and there on the airframe, but nothing major and soon the model was ready for painting. Kora provide three fictional examples of how the Spitfires may have appeared in Estonian service in the 1940 period. Two liveries are based on standard RAF green and earth upper surfaces. Also, following an early war RAF practice, on these aircraft half of the undersides are painted black, but with natural metal replacing the standard RAF sky for the other. A third aircraft is finished in natural metal overall. I chose this later scheme to provide more of an interesting finish as early Spitfires were rarely seen in natural metal finish. The suggested Kora scheme was however modified slightly by the addition of a black antiglare panel and two black walkways on the wing/fuselage join. The propeller spinner was also painted the same shade of blue as the Estonian national markings, which seemed appropriate. Humbrol acrylics were used exclusively on this build. Polished aluminium applied over a matt black coat was used for the main airframe with the fabric covered control surfaces hand painted in a mixture of silver and matt white to represent the doped covered fabric of these areas. Other panels were picked out in silver tinted with blue to represent the different grades of metal used on the real aircraft. The Kora decals are printed with a continuous carrier film, which means that each image must be timed closely when it is cut from the sheet. The decals themselves are thin but very fragile and require a gloss surface and careful handling. They adhered well though and a little Humbrol decal softener was used rather than the more aggressive Micro Sol. Panel lines were drawn in with a soft but sharp pencil and the model completed with a coat of matt artist’s varnish applied via an aerosol can. A couple of small details were added to finish the model. Some small squares of Tamiya masking tape coloured with a red felt tip pen were used to represent the cloth patches that Spitfires and many other British fighters in the early World War II period had glued over their

gun ports in an attempt to prevent the guns freezing at altitude. Tamiya tape was also used to represent the small yellowish/green patch worn by British fighters in the 1939-40 period. This was a cloth designed to react when in contact with gas, the fear being that this weapon would be employed as it had been in World War I. It is likely that a Spitfire delivered to Estonia would have had a similar feature. Small details such as these all help a good what if project. The aim is to make the subject look in period.

Modelling the Morane There are number of kits of the Morane 406 available in 1/72. This is a bit surprising at one level given the aircraft’s lack of profile, but not surprising in another given the fact that injection moulded kits are easier to produce than they ever were and there is more space for the rarer aircraft even in mainstream aircraft ranges. The HobbyBoss kit builds up very rapidly, and in common with many others in this series is only let down by a relatively shallow cockpit with details in this area that are both inaccurate and hard to correct. On the plus side, the rest of the kit is accurate and is a perfect canvas if the modeller can live with the cockpit issues. Panel detail is much more restrained on the Hobby Boss kit than the Airfix one. This was an advantage as surprisingly for an easy kit more filler was required to deal with some of the issues with the wing to fuselage join. This is a common feature on many HobbyBoss kits and the Morane is no exception. In truth, the gaps are no greater than many that can be found on conventional kits, but ‘easy kit’ does not mean effort free. The Morane had a relatively small canopy with a lot of framing so little can be seen in the cockpit. Some generic Eduard photo etched seat belts were added for effect, and the cockpit is deep enough to take a pilot figure. The generic World War II figure which comes with most Airfix kits fits the Morane, and that is a neat solution for any modeller who wants to make this area busier without the complication of photo etch parts.

As the Morane never entered Lithuanian service the scheme suggested by LF Models is speculative, but reflects the colours and patterns used by the Lithuanians at the time. Had the Moranes been delivered they might well have been in standard French camouflage, so that could be a potential idea for anyone wanting a variant on this what if subject. Humbrol enamels were used to paint this model. Halfords Red and Grey Plastic Primer were used as base and then the other colours were hand painted. Part of the way through the hand painting, some more filling and cleaning up of the model was done. This may seem like sloppy work, but the intention was to try and create a used and worn effect on the aircraft. Several coats of Klear were applied to create a smooth surface for the decals, which again have continuous carrier film and therefore need very careful trimming. They behaved as well as the sheet used on the Spitfire. The hashtag like Lithuanian markings are unlike any others used in World War II and while factual give the model the look of an aircraft from a mysterious country in a Tin Tin story, which is not too far from the truth with the Baltic states in the 1930s! To create the sense of a real aircraft, the model was weathered with a charcoal pencil and a light wash of heavily thinned grey paint. The feature of the gas warning patch on the wing was also used to fix the model in a certain period of history.

Summary A simple but very interesting project. One can only speculate what might have happened had these aircraft been delivered and entered service as planned. Give the imbalance of forces, the Soviets would probably have still invaded and occupied the Baltic republics, but the Finns managed to hold the same invader off despite being outnumbered, and history may have been different had some crucial orders been placed earlier or if the tried and tested and more plentiful Hurricane been purchased instead. Finland also used the Gladiator to great effect, but that is another what if.




Airbus A350-900 Lufthansa By Andy McCabe

Kit No: 03938 Scale: 1/144 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en


he Airbus A350-900 is the latest wide bodied airliner to take to the skies, entering service on the 15th January 2015 with Qatar Airways. The -900 is the middle one of three intended variants. 612 orders have so far been received for the -900 variant and a total of 831 to date for all types, with eighty one so far delivered. The Revell kit has six sprues of white and one sprue of clear injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one assembly/painting instruction booklet. The parts are superbly moulded with finely engraved panel lines, very fine trailing edges to the wing, fin and tail planes. The attention to detail is amazing especially on the Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines. Decals are supplied for Lufthansa airlines only and as is customary with Revell kits they are superbly printed. The instructions feature colour call outs for Revell’s own brand of paints and are in colour as per all of

their new kits.

perfectly to scale.

The build begins by assembling the cockpit bulkhead to the cockpit floor. There is some nice detail to the cockpit, which was painted using photos from the Internet, which makes a decent representation when finished.

The flap and aileron actuators were now assembled and fitted to each wing and then the wings were dry fitted to the fuselage. The fit is so good that I will not need to glue them to the fuselage, which makes it a lot easier to paint the model.

The next step should have been to assemble the nose landing gear and then fit this to the nose landing gear bay but I only fitted the upper section of the gear leg and the retraction arm at this stage as the parts are very finely moulded and would more than likely break off during the main assembly. Likewise the main landing gear and in fact I skipped all of the steps after this up to steps 15 and 16 which entail inserting the clear plastic parts for the cabin windows, which I did not do as I used Micro Krystal Clear later on instead of having to mask all of those windows. Even this is not necessary as the cabin window decals provide perfect glazing.

The two tail planes were now assembled, cleaned up and set to one side.

The cockpit and nose gear bay assemblies were now fitted into one of the fuselage halves. There are very positive location positions in the fuselage for these parts, after which thirty five grams of nose weight was added. The main landing gear bay was now assembled into the same fuselage half. This was split into two different steps in the instructions but it can be done in just one as the fit of the parts is excellent and very positive. The two fuselage halves were now joined together, and again the fit was excellent, the two halves aligning perfectly with only a very small amount of cleaning up to do along the joint lines and no filler needed. The lower centre fuselage cover was now added, and again this was a perfect fit. I now masked the cockpit glazing and slotted it into place yet another good fit. The wings were assembled, the landing lights inserted into each lower wing section and then the upper wing halves were mated to the lower part. The trailing edges of the wings are very thin, and almost

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And now on to those marvellous engines. Very clever moulding has resulted in the best 1/144 plastic airliner engines on the market, equal to those tooled in the Revell/Zvezda 747-800. The fan blades are moulded in two parts, one front and one rear, which means that each individual blade is moulded separately and is held onto the hub by the smallest amount of plastic possible, which in turn means that the fan blade assembly is totally see through. This assembly then fits into the inner engine cowl, which has more finely moulded see through blades. It is quite easy to break the fan blades off the hub if you’re not careful as they are very delicate so a steady hand is required. This assembly then fits into the forward end of one of the main engine casings, the internal raised/recessed lip in each engine casing ensuring that the assembly is very positively located and that a nice tight fit ensues. The rear engine parts are just as good and when the whole engine is assembled the last part to be fitted is the one piece intake ring. Again the fit is so good you cannot see the joint between this and the inner intake part, and no filler was needed either. Superb! Once assembled the engines were masked and sprayed with white primer and Mr Hobby H307. The fuselage was now given a few coats of white primer and then Appliance Gloss White to make the fuselage a nice shiny white. The wings and tail plane are also gloss white making painting much easier. The lower fuselage was masked

and sprayed Mr Hobby H307, while the tail fin was masked off and sprayed Revell 350 Lufthansa Blue. The engines were now fitted to the wings and assembly of the undercarriage commenced. These parts were sprayed prior to assembly with Tamiya XF2 Matt White. They would be sprayed again after assembly. Only one option is supplied, for an Airbus A-350-900 of Lufthansa Airlines with three different registrations included, D-AIXA, DAIAB and D-AIXC. The decals were applied and presented no problems. The undercarriage and gear bay doors were fitted and a rather impressive 1/144 Airbus A350-900 was finished.

Conclusion Love it. I was really impressed with this kit when I removed it from the box and it is every bit as good as the test shot of this model I did a few months ago. The quality of the parts has to be seen to be believed. I will be getting another one of these for sure and maybe more if they release the -800 and -1000 versions as well. I cannot find a single flaw with this kit, the parts fit together like a dream. There are very few kits where the tube of filler does not come out, but this is one of them. The parts align accurately and, as with the wings to fuselage joints, perfectly. I have never yet made a model airliner that I could paint the wings and fuselage separately before assembly, but see for yourself - the wings were not glued to the fuselage in the review kit. For me the engines on modern civil aircraft models either make or break the kit. The ones in this kit definitely make it. They are beautifully designed and way above any other civil aviation parts, other than those in Zvezda’s current models.

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Roden’s L-19/O-1 Bird Dog By Robert Rose

good paint key.

Cessna L-19/O-1 Bird Dog Kit No: 619 Scale: 1/32 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Roden Pocketbond/Squadron


his kit comes in a strong well built box with seven sprues of medium grey plastic plus one sprue of transparencies. It has neatly done mouldings, with a fine satin surface finish which will provide a

As often with Roden’s kits some of the detail work is excellent but hard to build true and challenging to make sufficiently strong. One of the first and most awkward tasks is in the engine bay. The engine mountings are moulded in four parts, which slot into the firewall but then butt join to one another without any firm way to align them. Since the engine sits on those mounts using four cast bearers that attach to the lower part of the crankcase that in the model are set into small square recesses on the crankcase, there are ample opportunities for getting things out of true. The instructions are rather unclear on this. Careful reference to photographs of the real thing and use of glues that allow some adjustment before everything goes solid is important. In a 1/32 kit of this type with quite large transparencies, the eye is naturally drawn to the cockpit area. While this is quite reasonably furnished, much more detail could have been provided. I was surprise that no seat belts were included. That is a major oversight in this scale. I added panel detail courtesy of some Airscale instrument decals I’d bought for myself as an indulgence. They are expensive for what they are, but do add verisimilitude I find hard to paint in. I used generic World War II instrument decals since I could find nothing more appropriate.

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The upper wing has shallow but noticeable casting hollows where the aileron and flap housing mouldings run on the underside. These need filling, but were the only disappointments on a generally fine surface finish. Some fine surface panel lines were lost in the process and needed rescribing. While there are a lot of sprue gates to be cut and carefully cleaned up, especially on the wing leading edge, the relatively soft pliable plastic used makes that easy to deal with. The downside to that is that care is needed to avoid doing further damage. The engine is almost a kit on its own, with twenty four parts to it, not counting the engine bearers and mountings. The cowling side panels are moulded as separate parts, so that the aircraft can be posed to show the engine off, though for that I’d want to add some wiring. My biggest challenge with the engine was mounting it properly. This is one of the common curiosities of Roden kits. They frequently provide well detailed parts without giving clear indication of how and precisely where they should fit. In this case the engine mountings are made up of eight pieces, some nicely moulded engine bearers plus four thin arms to make up the mounting array itself, without any depiction of the geometry required. I know at least one experienced modeller abandoned the engine entirely, simply arranging a prop boss mounting under the closed cowling. I was rather tempted by this approach, too. To get this looking reasonably right I had to rebuild it twice, and ignored the build instructions. Fixing the mount to the engine after the exhaust stacks are in place allows the mounts to thread through correctly. Then the assembly was attached to one side of the


fuselage and allowed to dry. After that, twisting the assembly gently eased the other side into position. It isn’t quite right, but as close as I could manage. My excuse is that the real thing occasionally had problems with cowling parts fit anyway, especially after hard field use. I rigged the model with the port engine cowling up as if for some maintenance or daily inspection check. I didn’t add any further detail to the engine bay, although the opportunity is there, only adding a generic information decal on the inner face of the cowling, something often seen on US military aircraft panels. The sprung steel undercarriage on this model is very delicately moulded. That means that given the size of the kit it is also relatively weak. I strengthened the tailwheel with some careful superglue reinforcing but I am not confident for the long term. It’s a shame Roden didn’t supply these parts in resin or white metal. This leaves an opportunity for the aftermarket suppliers. The fine detail provided in this kit is terrific. As well as very thin steel wire radio aerials for the tail, there are control horns for rudder and elevator, and even door handles. I did spot one surprising omission though; no pitot tube is provided. After some careful study of photographs I found the pitot mounts under the port wing at about half the strut span, well forward. I made a replacement from bent sprue. Since I had built the aircraft as an army trainer I drilled out the front protrusion on the fin to

take an aerial wire, which stretches between fin and cockpit, with a connector wire to an aerial below. Aeroclub stretch wire worked well, with tiny dabs of superglue to hold it. I guess that aerial was for a long wave radio. I wonder what the aerial arrays on the horizontal tail were for? I don’t recall seeing them on the later machine I flew. If anyone knows, do please let us know. Another small detail on the wing perhaps needs comment. The kit provides wing tip light glazings. These have thin clear surrounds but do not make the mistake of trimming them off since they are on the real thing as Perspex protrusions to allow the pilot to see that the lights are working. The decals provided are good, being reasonably tough and settling down well into place onto the Future coated surfaces. A good wetting agent and decal softener applied beforehand made it easy to use a brush to coax the air bubbles out from under the larger decals. I have a suspicion that the fuselage decals are just a little large when compared against photographs. I swapped the USA insignia for a slightly smaller size, which gave me enough room for everything to look reasonably right. Overall, this is a delightful kit and a challenging build, with lots of fine detail, some hard to get right. I think it well worth the effort, reminding me of an interesting aircraft I flew a long time ago. Grateful thanks to Roden for the sample kit.




Kit No: 327 Scale: 1/144 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Roden Pocketbond/Squadron

Vickers VC10 K3 Tankerl By Huw Morgan


n 1965 the RAF recognised the qualities of the VC10 as a potential strategic air lifter, using a fleet as rapid deployment troop carriers. The various tanker conversion programmes started with standard length airframes, resulting in C1 and K2 variants, but quickly adopted the longer Super-VC10 airframes being released from commercial service. The K3 programme took four Type 1154 airframes previously operated by East African Airways (EAA) all of which had the large forward freight door on the port side. Roden's K3 VC10 tanker is understandably derived from its airliner versions of the aircraft first issued in 2016, the only significant changes to the plastic being the inclusion of the refuelling pods, which are clipped from the sprues in the airliner boxings, the alternative refuelling probe nose and the tail cone with the Artouste APU. Typical of modern airliner kit design, there's a vertically split fuselage, with a clear upper nose segment for the cockpit glazing, no cockpit interior and clear strips for the windows. Wings and tail planes comprise upper and lower halves and the engine pods are split horizontally with separate front cowl rings/fan faces (which are a bit simplified) and beaver tail fairings. The wheels and undercarriage parts have good detail, but have significant mould slip evident in off-centre locations and mounting pins. The K3 had far fewer cabin windows than the airliners, so there's some filling to be done, an inconspicuous note at the foot of the marking scheme sheet indicating which windows need blanking off. There's no scribed detail on the fuselage for the large freight door, nor is there a decal, and although the door was sealed shut during the

tanker conversion, it was still visible on the fuselage skin. Two schemes are offered for a single airframe, c/n 884 (some references quote 883), originally registered in April 1969 as 5X-UVJ for East African Airlines, which with the demise of EAA, was sold to the RAF in 1978 for conversion to a K3 (Type 1164) tanker, flying first in its modified form in March 1985 as ZA149/H. In RAF use, the aircraft gave sterling service for nearly twenty eight years, its final landing at Bruntingthorpe being at 13.30 on 18th March 2013. The two schemes are both for 101 Squadron in the early RAF Hemp/grey, which ZA149 wore until July 1994, and the later all grey paint, both with toned down markings. The refuelling alignment stripes applied on the Hemp scheme appear originally to have been red/black but there is plenty of photographic evidence (including Roden's box art!) to show ZA149/H with the later black/white stripes over Hemp. I chose to model the later combination, wanting to show the aircraft as it was deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1991. Colour call outs are for Vallejo paints only and interestingly Roden provide vinyl masks for the cockpit glazing and the myriad cabin windows. I only used the cockpit masks. The build progresses as a typical 1/144 airliner model, the instructions starting with some of the peripheral parts like engine pods and tail planes, the former being made up of top and bottom shells and front and rear fairings. The front fairing incorporates the rather simplified engine front fans and the rear beaver tail has very basic holes to represent the jet pipes, so I improved the latter by adding blanked off sections of plastic tube. The fit of the front and rear parts isn't really good enough to allow them to be left

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off for painting. Roden's instructions suggest adding the clear window strips to the fuselage, and masking only those windows to remain clear, the others being over painted. Photos of the real aircraft show that the blanked windows are virtually flush with the aircraft skin so before joining the fuselage halves I identified and backed with plastic strip those cabin windows that would be blanked off and added short lengths of plastic rod into the window apertures to reduce the amount of filler, and therefore the risk of shrinkage. Final filling was done with Squadron Green, sealed with superglue. I built the fuselage using my usual technique of adding plastic strip down the whole length of the long joints and inserting a few vertical stiffeners of sprue. I find that when the fuselage halves are joined, this results in a very rigid, stiff structure, with no risk of cracking of the joints during sanding. Again I filled any gaps in the joints with superglue. After a couple of goes with Halfords primer and 600 grit abrasive the fuselage could be rescribed to restore the lost panel lines, including scribing in the outline of the forward cargo door, which is missing from the moulding. The wing upper and lower halves, tail plane halves and fin go together without any real problems, although the fin in particular has a sort of reverse taper on its trailing edge, which can result in a gap when joined together. I didn't notice this until it was too late and ended up filling the gap with (you've guessed it) superglue. The EEA aircraft converted to K3s all carried the small outboard wing fences as part of the leading edge slat mechanism, so their locations were measured and narrow saw cuts made to accept slivers of plastic card, which




REVIEWS could then be shaped. The two Mk 32 refuelling pods and centreline HDU fairing each make up from two halves, but need a fair bit of cleaning up. The detail at the rear of each is rudimentary, with no real attempt to simulate the retracted drogue baskets. The fit of the wing, fin and horizontal stabilisers is okay but not spectacular, and I needed a smear of DeLuxe Perfect Plastic putty to make good. With the bulk of sanding and priming completed, the cockpit glazing can be trimmed and fixed. This fits reasonably although I needed to cut back the fuselage plastic by about half a millimetre to optimise the fit. In a burst of individuality, I cut out the port forward access door, which had a crew escape chute fitted to all tanker airframes, and scratch built a curved door and rectangular section chute from plastic card. I was intending to model an in-service aircraft during Operation Granby so wanted a well used, but not neglected look. To start, I applied some light pre-shading all over the airframe using grey rather than black, and added thin coats of Mr Hobby H332 Light Aircraft Grey to the undersides to represent the Aircraft Grey. With

the hard masking line applied, the upper surfaces can be sprayed with Mr Hobby H336 Hemp, allowing the preshade to show through. The engine front rings were painted with Mr Hobby Mr Metal Color 218 Aluminium, and the fan fronts with H318 Radome. I judged the Mr Hobby finish to be sufficiently gloss to take the decals, which are rather thick and brittle, although fortunately there aren't many sharp contours to follow. The instructions for the alignment stripes on the wing are confusing and wrongly numbered, and some trimming is needed. I left off the rather bright and heavy wing walk markings, since in most photographs I found of operational aircraft they were invisible. The lo-viz roundels and fin flashes were noticeably out of register and the pink elements a bit pale, so I'll be trying to source some alternatives. The entire airframe was flatted down using Citadel Purity Seal from a rattle can, sprayed thinly. The undercarriage parts are reasonably detailed, but the main wheels and legs suffer from some mould slip meaning that without some care, they would assemble very

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asymmetrically. I painted the legs, wheels and door inners gloss Mr Hobby H332 grey, and the tyres Mr Hobby H77 Tire Black. Roden provide a helpful set of measurements for the locating holes for the ventral and dorsal antenna fit. I replaced the plastic nose refuelling probe with 0.8mm aluminium tube with a brass wire core. I didn't add much by way of weathering, just a few pastel dust stains from the various vents spoilers and exhausts and some vertical rain stains around the doors.

Conclusions Roden's rendering of the VC10 is a very worthwhile advance on the old Airfix offering, and the ability to produce a RAF K3 (and now K4) variant is very welcome. The kit ranks with many other 1/144 airliner models in terms of detail and ease of build although the extra bits to build the tanker are a touch cruder and less detailed and the decals are just about adequate. Nevertheless, it is a straightforward build and one that could be recommended to a modeller with some experience.


Vickers VC10 K4 Type 1170 By Andy McCabe

and marking guide with paint references for Vallejo paints. The parts have very finely engraved panel lines, and the clear parts include cabin windows for which there is a set of masks for each and every port. Decals are supplied for one aircraft ZD241 of the Royal Air Force, now retired to ex RAF Bruntingthorpe in the UK as a museum exhibit although the aircraft is maintained and run on a regular basis.

The masking was now removed and the decals applied. No problems were encountered during their application although the instructions are a bit vague as to all of their locations and there are a lot of decals left on the sheet that I could not find a location for. The undercarriage was now painted, assembled and fitted and the model was finished.

The build begins by assembling the tail planes, engines, tail fin and wings, and then work on the fuselage can commence. There are clear parts for the cabin windows but I did not use them as I suspect that the decals will provide a clear covering for them and if not I will fill them with Micro Crystal Clear.

Kit No: 328 Scale: 1/144 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Roden Pocketbond/Squadron


he VC10 K4 was a stretched version of the Vickers VC10 with a fuselage extension of 13ft and also upgraded Rolls Royce Conway Engines. It was modified after retirement from airline service into an air to air tanker for use by the RAF The Roden kit is a completely new tooling of this classic aircraft and features seven sprues of grey injection moulded plastic, one clear sprue, one decal sheet, one set of masks, one set of assembly instructions and one colour painting

The two fuselage halves were glued together and the joints cleaned up. The nose weight was added through the cockpit opening as there is no cockpit included, and then the cockpit windscreen was masked with the masks supplied and glued into position. The pre-assembled wings, tail fin, tail planes and engines were now fitted and any joints filled and sanded flush and then the model was given a coat of grey primer. A mix of Hataka Barley Grey and white was then sprayed onto the cockpit area and upper fuselage as this particular aircraft had a light grey section to these parts of the fuselage to help reduce the heat inside the fuselage. This was then masked off and Hataka HTK-A142 Barley Grey/Camouflage Grey sprayed onto the rest of the aircraft..




IPMS (UK) Column Presented By Chris Ayre


’ve been told that I have very little time to put the column together this month. Deadlines are getting ever tighter, it seems, and the editorial office is a hive of activity. I think somebody must bee buzzing off on holiday! So, let’s bumble on (Ironically I did take the kids camping at St Bees – Editor).

The venue at Driffield Showground (Chris Ayre)

Mister Grumpy guards the goods (Chris Ayre)

Ron Ward’s widow Ann with some of his superb, scratch built and mainly wooden models. I was honoured to be asked, along with veteran IPMS stalwart Ernie Lee, to judge a one off trophy in Ron’s memory. Fittingly enough, the winner was fellow Bridlington & The Wolds Member Tony Wilson with his Convair XF-1 Pogo (Chris Ayre)

Scale ModelWorld is creeping ever closer and although we will have another issue of the magazine before it arrives, I’m already in show mode. With that in mind, and with limited time to come up with anything else, if I’m being honest, I thought I’d report briefly on the East Riding of Yorkshire Model Show, which I recently attended. Now I know that I expressed enthusiasm for this particular event a couple of years ago and I admit to having a bit of a soft spot for it, as it is held in a part of the country that I know very well. It is good to see that now in its sixth year the show is still going strong and continues to attract visitors from far and wide. The venue is the Rix Pavilion at Driffield Showground and the organising branch, IPMS Bridlington & The Wolds, has a unique way of marking this agricultural setting. There is no separate competition area and show rosettes are awarded to the best models in a variety of categories, chosen from those on the various club displays. This seems particularly appropriate given that the building in which the show is held was, until three years ago, basically a tin cow shed. The rebuilt Pavilion opened in early 2015, is much transformed and although the lighting isn’t perfect is far better suited to holding wedding receptions, conferences and model shows. It’s a good space, the only downside being that it’s not quite big enough for such a popular event, meaning that the organisers have to preselect specific traders to provide balance. As this year’s show coordinator Neil Robinson stated, ‘we try to cover a variety of genres, i.e. books, general model shops, accessories/air brushes, specialist kits, etc. and ensure that there are no duplications.’ I’d personally like to see a slightly larger show in future and there are already external tents accommodating some exhibits so perhaps this facility could be extended. It’ll be down to Kevin Dolman and his team to decide next year however as for Neil it was a one year only deal. Incidentally, the event building is sponsored by Rix Petroleum, a local family run company. The Rix family’s other claim to fame is the great success of the actor Brian, whose farces regularly drew television audiences of up to fifteen million over a period of eighteen years until the early 1970s. Brian’s sister was Shiela Rix, later Mercier, who played Annie Sugden on Emmerdale for twenty five years. If you are wondering where I’m going with this talk of a famous East Yorkshire farceur, then perhaps you have never tried organising a model show? I’m teasing, of course... The East Riding show was evidently a great success and it was noticeably well attended. There is plenty of parking space at the showground and this was very much appreciated by the several hundred visitors. The numbers through the doors will, I’m sure, provide encouragement for the branch to go forward with this excellent event. In fact, I’d encourage you to set aside Sunday 2nd September 2018 so that you can pop along and enjoy a great Yorkshire welcome yourself.

70 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

Showtime October is reasonably busy on the model show front and includes a number of IPMS (UK) events, surprising perhaps given that SMW 2017 looms large and many branches will be focussing their efforts on early November. The first day of the month sees the annual Norex Model Show at William Loveless Hall in Wivenhoe, Essex, CO7 9AB. Doors open at 10.00am. Please note that this date is correct and was changed earlier in the year. The show is organised by IPMS North Essex Modellers and Bob Rowles is the person to contact for further information at [email protected] Amics Modelisme Mallorca is a three day event running from Friday 6th October, and promises a sunny Spanish flavoured model show. Hosted by Amics del Modelisme Estàtic de Mallorca, an IPMS associated club, at the Hotel Horizonte, C/ de Vista Alegre, Palma de Mallorca, the show opens at 4.30 pm on the Friday and closes on Sunday afternoon at 2.30pm. The club has a Facebook page and the show website can be found at modelismemallorca.mforos.com On the Saturday and Sunday of the same weekend the 7-8th, Model Kit Expo takes place in Kielce, Poland. This event takes place at Targi Kielce, a large exhibition venue, and includes the Fifth Świętokrzyskie Scale Modelling Festival. Contact Karol Jagusiński of the Świętokrzyskie Scale Modeling Association on [email protected] for more details or find Świętokrzyskie Stowarzyszenie Modelarzy Redukcyjnych on Facebook. Back on UK shores the Tank Museum at Bovington, BH20 6JG is holding the Fourth Annual Tank Mod Show on Saturday 7th October. Organisers promise a large selection of exhibitors from across the modelling spectrum ranging from boats, planes, motor racing cars and, of course, militaria and armoured warfare models. Various traders will be situated amongst the museum exhibits and normal admission prices will apply. Please call Oliver Bitten on 01929 405096 or see www.tankmuseum.org/home for further details. IPMS Telford and the Ellesmere Model Railway Club present the North Shropshire Model Show on the following day, Sunday 8th, at the now established location of Ellesmere Market Hall, SY12 0ED. Joint organisers Gary Stevens at [email protected] and Dave Saunders at [email protected] promise model displays, railway layouts, trade stands, refreshments, a Tombola, local parking and free admission. Doors open at 10.00am. Moving on to the following weekend and back to mainland Europe, Euro Modell takes place as part of Model Baumesse 2017 in Reid, Austria. The show is open on the 14-15th from 9.00am to 5.00pm. A large competition with prize giving for the Austrian Model Master is organised by Modellbaufreunde Ried im Innkreis and the show includes different workshops on airbrushing, painting figures, card modelling, etc. There is a Youth Corner with basic instruction for kids and beginners from members of MBF Ried, with each child getting a printed t-shirt and a button badge, a competition area with many different categories, a modellers’ lounge with snacks and drinks, coffee and cake and much more.

SCALE COMMUNIT Y Discover more details by contacting Michael Feischl at [email protected] Sunday 15th features the Southwell Show 2017, aka the Lincoln and Newark Model Expo, though the organisers of this IPMS event haven’t provided many details yet. It takes place at Southwell Racecourse, NG25 0TS and has a Facebook page at www.facebook.com/thesothwellshow/ You may also gain more details from Ian Crawford at [email protected] Glasgow Modelfest 2017 takes place on Saturday 21st October at the Bellahouston Leisure Centre, G52 1HH organised by IPMS

Glasgow. There is easy parking, wheelchair access and all the usual attractions. Bruce Smith is the person to contact via [email protected] or by ringing 0141 563 2098. The branch has a website at www.ipmsglasgow.com Finally, a week later on the 28th is the Letchworth Scale Model Club Showcase 2017 which is held at the Icknield Centre in Letchworth, SG6 1EF. Doors open at the ever popular 10.00am and if you phone 01480 509489 or email [email protected] you should be able to find out more. I already know that there will be club displays, painting demonstrations,

The Make and Take tent at Driffield proved popular (Martin Crawley)

There were some impressive club displays, as Robert Lewis of IPMS Wakefield and District can testify (Martin Crawley))

Until next time, enjoy your modelling.

Chris ipmsuk.org Membership enquiries: Cliff Bassett, West Barn, Duken Lane, Wootton, Bridgnorth, Shropshire WV15 6EA Email: [email protected] or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join online.

An overview of part of the very busy pavilion (Martin Crawley)

Alfie Bass, seen here with former IPMS Magazine editor Don Carrick, represented IPMS (UK) and manned the membership stand at Driffield (Martin Crawley)

Winner of the 1/49 and smaller Aircraft Class was this 1/72nd scale DH Vampire F.3 by Andrew Walker of IPMS Cleveland (Martin Crawley)

The East Riding of Yorkshire Model Show is truly a show for all the family (Martin Crawley))

modelling, war games, trade stands, competitions and a raffola.

Dave Smith receives the Bridlington & The Wolds Scale Model Club Trophy from Aeroclub’s John Adams (Martin Crawley)

This beautifully built South Goodwin Lightship took the second place rosette in one of the Marine Subject Classes for Keith Richardson of Washington Model Club (Martin Crawley)

Neil Robinson - I’m saying nothing (Martin Crawley)




New Kits RouNd up AiM - Rug Rat Resins 7203004 1/72 Cessna 310D AiM - Rug Rat Resins 7205004 1/72 DH84 Dragon 1 Iolar AiM - Rug Rat Resins 7205005 1/72 RANA DH84 Dragon 2 AiM - Rug Rat Resins 7205006 1/72 DH90 Dragonfly AiM - Rug Rat Resins 7209002 1/72 de Havilland DH.91 Albatross Hannants


eduard 2120 1/72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX Limited Edition

special Hobby 72113 1/72 Fokker D.XXI IV

eduard 82111 1/48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 late series ProfiPACK

special Hobby 72141 1/72 Blackburn Roc Mk I

eduard 82117 1/48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-4 ProfiPACK eduard 8281 1/48 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXc late version

Kora 72046 1/72 Focke-Wulf Fw44F Stieglitz

eduard 84161 1/48 Bell P-39K/N Weekend Edition

Kora 72051 1/72 Focke-Wulf Fw44D Captured by US troops

eduard 8435 1/48 Grumman Hellcat Mk I Weekend Edition

Hannants/UMM USA

welsh Models sL388R 1/144 Hawker-Siddeley HS-125-700BKuwait Airways VIP flight

dekno 720602 1/72 de Havilland DH-87B Hornet Moth

AMG 72405 1/72 Messerschmitt Bf-109C-1


Hannants Fly 32015 1/32 Hawker Hurricane Mk IID Fly 48011 1/48 Ansaldo SVA.9 Hannants/UMM USA

AMG 72409 1/72 Messerschmitt Bf109D-1

silver wings 32019 1/32 Reggiane Re.2000 Falco

welsh Models pJw97R 1/144 HP Hastings C.Mk 1/T.Mk 5-RAFTC

dekno 720601 1/72 de Havilland DH-87 Hornet Moth

AMG 72403 1/72 Messerschmitt Bf-109B-1



Creative Models/Hannants/ Squadron/Sprue Brothers

AMG 72401 1/72 Messerschmitt Bf-109A

special Hobby 72311 1/72 Hispano HA-1112 M-1L Buchon Movie Star

Kovozavody prostejov 4801 1/48 Sukhoi Su-25UTG Frogfoot-B Kovozavody prostejov 4802 1/48 Sukhoi Su-25UBK Frogfoot-B Kovozavody prostejov 7288 1/72 Mikoyen MiG-21MF Third World Users Hannants/UMM-USA

Hannants/Stevens International

uK iMpoRteRs pocketbond: www.pocketbond.co.uk 01707 391509 the Hobby Company: www.hobbyco.net 01908 605686 Hannants: 01502 517444 Creative Models:

HobbyBoss 81712 1/48 Sukhoi SU27 Flanker Early Version HobbyBoss 81738 1/48 BAe Hawk MK 1/1a Red Arrows Anigrand Craftswork 4111 1/144 Sikorsky XPBS-1 Patrol bomber Hannants Airfix 05133 1/48 Curtiss Tomahawk Mk II Hannants/Stevens International

www.creativemodels.co.uk 01354 760022 Lukgraph 3210 1/32 Lublin R-XIIID

HobbyBoss 81744 1/48 A-1B (AMX) Trainer Aircraft


HobbyBoss 81759 1/48 Sukhoi Su17U M3 Fitter-G

MARK i Models 720-05 1/720 Zeppelin LZ127 Graf Zeppelin

HobbyBoss 81764 1/48 Douglas A-4E Skyhawk


Amerang: www.amerang.co.uk 01482 887917 ultimate Modelling products: wingnut wings: www.wingnutwings.com

us iMpoRteRs

HobbyBoss 85806 1/48 Noth American P-51D Mustang IV

dragon usA:

HobbyBoss 87264 1/72 Douglas C-47D Skytrain


Creative Models/Squadron

Linden Hill imports:

iCM 48902 1/48 Mikoyan MiG25RB Dragon USA/Hannants


www.lindenhillimports.com 914Micro-Mir 48-013 1/48 Yakovlev Yak-23 Flora


Hannants/Stevens International

MRC: www.modelrectifier.com

R.V.Aircraft 72054 1/72 Mirage III O RAAF

AZ Model 7566 1/72 Fairey Fulmar Mk II (ex Vista)

Hannants/UMM USA

732-225-2100 Rare-plane detective: www.rareplanedetective.com

AZ Model 7567 1/72 Fairey Fulmar NF Mk II (ex Vista)


AZ Model 7706 1/72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX/Mk XVI (sprues only), three sets

sprue Brothers:

Hannants/UMM USA

www.spruebrothers.com 816-759-8484 italeri 1402 1/72 Alenia C-27J Spartan italeri 2777 1/48 Lockheed F104G/S Starfighter

squadron: www.squadron.com 877-414-0434 stevens international:

The Hobby Company/MRC

special Hobby 48090 1/48 Albatros C.III

Kinetic Model Kits 48054 1/48 Dassault Mirage IIID/DS

special Hobby 72044 1/72 CAC CA-12 Boomerang

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special Hobby 72112 1/72 C-60

72 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

www.stevenshobby.com 856-435-7645 uMM-usA: www.umm-usa.com 847-537-0867

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EDUARD The latest round of releases from Eduard include another of their very useful scribing templates, more generic seatbelts and a staggering array of updates for the 1/32 Trumpeter MiG-29A. Elsewhere there is yet more good news for the Hasegawa Emily, which now has a set of masks to add to the masses of etch previously provided. A couple of Airfix kits get the goods as well, the 1/48 P-51 and the Walrus, which has already received some updates and now gets additional parts for the wing bomb bays. With the kit’s actual release delayed it is assumed Eduard have a test shot in hand to play with. Good show! 00038 Square Template 1/32 32409 Mikoyan MiG-29A undercarriage for Trumpeter kits

33174 Mikoyan MiG-29A for Trumpeter kits 33175 Mikoyan MiG-29A seatbelts STEEL for Trumpeter kits JX204 Mikoyan MiG-29A masks for Trumpeter kits 1/48 48930 North-American P-51D Mustang exterior for Airfix kits

FE856 Sukhoi Su-17M4 seatbelts STEEL for HobbyBoss kits FE857 Seatbelts IJN fighters STEEL 1/72 73609 Sukhoi Su-34 for Trumpeter kits 73610 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga Frances for Hasegawa kits

48931 Sukhoi Su-17M4 exterior for HobbyBoss kits

73611 Martin-Baker ejection seat handles

48932 Supermarine Walrus Mk I wing bomb bays for Airfix kits

CX491 Sukhoi Su-34 masks for Trumpeter kits

48933 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-4 for Eduard kits

CX492 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga Frances masks for Hasegawa kits

49853 North-American P-51D Mustang interior for Airfix kits

CX493 Kawanishi H8K2 Type 2 fuselage window masks for Hasegawa kits

49855 Sukhoi Su-17M4 interior for HobbyBoss kits EX560 North-American P-51D Mustang for Airfix kits EX561 Sukhoi Su-17M4 for HobbyBoss kits

32410 Mikoyan MiG-29A exterior for Trumpeter kits

FE853 North-American P-51D Mustang for Airfix kits

32411 Mikoyan MiG-29A air brake for Trumpeter kits

FE854 North-American P-51D Mustang seatbelts STEEL for Airfix kits

32913 Mikoyan MiG-29A interior for Trumpeter kits

HobbyBoss kits

FE855 Sukhoi Su-17M4 for

74 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

SS609 Sukhoi Su-34 ZOOM set for Trumpeter kits SS610 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga Frances ZOOM set for Hasegawa kits SS612 Seatbelts IJN fighters STEEL

BRASSIN Brassin has really pushed the boat out this month for the Airfix P-51D with some excellent replacement

parts, some of which will be applicable to other kits as they are simple external add-ons: 632110 1/32 Vought F4U-1 propeller for Tamiya kits 648335 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang wheels for Airfix kits 648336 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang exhaust stacks for Airfix kits 648342 1/48 GBU-11 648344 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang exhaust stacks with fairing for Airfix kits 648345 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang control surfaces for Airfix kits 648347 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang Hamilton standard propeller for Airfix kits 648349 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang 75gal fuel tanks for Airfix kits 648350 1/48 North-American P51D Mustang 108gal paper tanks for Airfix kits 672153 1/72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXe gun bays for Eduard kits Creative Models/Hannants/ Squadron/Sprue Brothers

m A r k e t p l Ac e

Air-GrAphics Lots of new releases from AirGraphics to report this month, with a nice selection of items designed for Cold War era jets, especially the F-104 Starfighter. Most impressive among these is the Yellow Sun Mk 2 British nuclear bomb, a beautiful single piece casting that will make a great addition to your Airfix Victor, although it looks so good it would be a shame to tuck it away inside so maybe a trolley to display it on will be forthcoming sometime? All items are 1/72 and cast in cream coloured resin with minimum flash and clean up necessary. With the exception of the Yellow Sun, which is a pretty hefty piece of resin, they are all safely packed in clear acetate blisters so are well protected for mail order and transit: AC-025 CF-104 Starfighter Vinten VICOM Recce Pod

scAle AircrAft conversions Scale Aircraft Conversions latest batch of releases feature cast white metal landing gear sets for both the latest new kits and reissues. Each of these sets are cast as direct replacement for the plastic parts, although set 72145 for the 1/72 Italeri/Testors B/RB-66B kit features some additional details over the

Not designed to fit any specific kit, this single resin item will fit under the centre fuselage on RCAF Starfighters. AC-032 HP Victor B.2 Early Retro Conversion Set This two part resin set offers not only a replacement insert for the tail and a new part for the nose, but also full instructions for other modifications needed to backdate the Airfix kit to represent one of the original five aircraft. The resin parts are crisply cast and the instructions clear and precise making for a very user friendly set that will allow you to make a unique model. AC-033 Yellow Sun Mk 2 British Nuclear Bomb This is a very impressive casting, but unlike so many weapons sets on the market this includes an excellent instruction sheet outlining not only the correct

standard kit parts. 14425 for the 1/144 scale Eduard MiG-21 kits features a double set of landing gear matching the dual kit combo aspect of the boxings available: 48333 1/48 SE5a Wolseley Viper landing gear for Eduard kit 48334 1/48 AMX A-1A/B, A-11A/B landing gear for HobbyBoss kit 72144 1/72 Su-33 Flanker D

pereGrine publishinG F7F Tigercat Aircraft Walk Around CD Detailed Photo Essay on CD By Steve Muth This CD on the F-107A features detail colour photographs aimed at the scale modeller and aero enthusiast. Published in word and JPEG format for near universal access and simplicity, the author presents forty very clear photographs of the cockpit, landing gear, wheel wells and other details of interest.

colours and markings for the device, but also full details as to how and where to fit it to the model. Instructions are comprehensive and written in full and include notes on colours for the bomb bay as well as general notes on UK nuclear weapons.

Hasegawa kit but can be employed with others.

AC-034 CF-104 Starfighter RWR Receiver Suite Includes three small resin parts offering the forward RWR for under the forward nose and two parts to fit on the rear fuselage. Full instructions are included for placement and colours.

AC-038 Sepecat Jaguar IM Indian Air Force Nose Conversion Designed for the Hasegawa Jaguar kit, this set offers a single piece for the nose and two small probes. AirGraphics have announced a number of other sets for the Jaguar IM including a comprehensive stores selection, dropped flaps and cockpit interior set.

AC-035 CF-104 Starfighter BL755 Cluster Bombs and Stores Carriers The six resin pieces in this set provide four beautifully moulded bombs and two underwing stores carriers to mount them. Includes colour notes and instructions for fitment. This set is designed for the

AC-036 Mk 28EX Nuclear Bomb and F-104 Starfighter Central Pylon A simple two part resin set offering bomb and pylon. Can be used on any F-104 kit in 1/72.

AC-043 Mk 43 Nuclear Bomb and F-104 Starfighter Central Pylon Like the Mk 28EX this set offers two pieces to allow the bomb and pylon to be fitted to any F-104 kit. Air-Graphics’ website is now up and running at www.air-graphics.co.uk

landing gear for Zvezda kit 72145 1/72 B/RB-66B Destroyer landing gear for Italeri/Testors kit 14425 1/144 MiG-21 landing gear x2 for Eduard kit 14426 1/144 IL-76MD landing gear for Zvezda kit Scale Aircraft Conversions’ full range can be obtained in the UK from Hannants at www.hannants.co.uk

The F107A lost out in the competition for a new fighter to the F-105. It appears the F-107 was the better fighter but the mission had changed and the Air Force wanted a better fighter bomber. The F-105A was a child of the Tactical Air Command (ADC) and the Air Research and Development Command (ARDC) while the F-107A was the child of North American Aviation (NAA) and the Air Material Command (AMC). There were bitter battles between these two teams with the final decision believed to have been made by the Secretary of the Air Force, probably because the user command, TAC, wanted the F-105A, since it was their baby. Republic Aviation was located in a depressed job area and had little work and had to be saved as a national resource while NAA already had the F-86 and F-100 programs. In the end, the F-105 turned out to be an excellent aircraft and was more

suited, with its internal bomb bay, to its actual employment as a bomber in the Vietnam conflict. The photographs of the F-107A were taken at the National Museum of the USAF at Dayton, Ohio over the time period 1981 through 1987. All the landing gear internals appear to be overpainted silver while the cockpit may be original. This CD will make an excellent reference for the Trumpeter 1/72 kit and others. Priced at an affordable $12.00 each including postage. For foreign orders add $12.00 for postage. These CDs may be ordered from Steve Muth, Peregrine Publishing, 70 The Promenade, Glen Head, NY 11545, USA, or by telephone on (516)759-1089, by FAX on (516)759-1034 or email [email protected] Payment by cheque on a US bank in dollars, Pay Pal or postal money order.

october 2017 • volume 39 • issue 08



XTRADECAL German types feature heavily in this most recent selection of decal sheet releases from Xtradecal. Firstly there is a collection of schemes for the Dornier Do-215 on separate sheets in 1/72 and 1/48 featuring Luftwaffe splinter and night fighter colours, in addition to a Hungarian aircraft in a splinter scheme. Other German types feature on new 1/72 sheets covering Spanish Civil War Nationalist fighter and ground attack aircraft, which appear alongside a number of Italian types plus a single Hawker Fury. These two Spanish Civil War sheets certainly offer up a nice variation of schemes all operating in the same theatre. 1/72 X72274 Spanish Civil War Condor Legion Part One • Messerschmitt Bf-109B-1 6.29 2.J/88, 1937, RLM70/71/65 • Bf-109D 6.56, Hauptmann Gotthard Handrick, Stab.J/88, 1938, RLM63/65 • Arado Ar-68E 9.2, Stab,

Jagdgruppe J/88, 1938, RLM63/65 • Heinkel He-51B-1 2.85, 3.J/88, Oberleutnant Eduard Neumann, 1937 • Henschel Hs-123 24.5 Teufel Stukakette 88, 1938, RLM662/63/65 • Fiat CR.32 24a Sqa XVI Gruppo Caccia, 1937, sand/green mottle • Fiat CR.32 1a Escuadrilla de Caza of Aviacion del Tercio Monico/Presente Giuseppe Cenni, 1936, Sand • Heinkel He-112V-9 8.2, 2.J/88 Hpt Harro Harder • Junkers Ju-87A-1 29.2, Jolanthe Stukakette VJ/88, 1938, RLM61/62/6365 • Junkers Ju-87B-1 29.7, 5.K/88, 1939, RLM70/71/65 X72275 Spanish Civil War Condor Legion Part Two • Messerschmitt Bf-109B 6-10, 2.J/88 Ernst Mratzek, 1937, RLM62/65 • Bf-109B-2 6-27, 1.J/88, 1938, RLM63/65

• Bf-109E-3 6-111/Barchen, 2.J/88, Lt Werner Ursinus, 1937, RLM63/65 • Heinkel He-51B-1 2-78, 3.J/88, Staffelkapitan Adolf Galland, 1937, RLM63/65

• Do-215B-5 G9+PM 4/NJG1 Helmut Lent Belgium, 1941, overall black

• Fiat CR.32 3-3 NC183, 3a Squadriglia, 1 Gruppo Caccia, 1936

• Do-215B-5 R4+AP 6/NJG2 Leeuwarden, 1941, overall black

• CR.32 White 5 X Gruppo Autonomo Caccia Baleari, Palma, 1936, sand/brown/green

1/48 X48181 1/48 Dornier Do-215B1/Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4/Do-215B5

• Fiat G.50 1-1 Gruppo Sperimentale Caccia, Major M.Bonzano, 1939

• T5+PL 3(F)/Aufkl.Gr.Ob.d.I, RLM70/71/65

X72277 Dornier Do-215B-1/Do215B-2/Do-215B-4/Do-215B-5

• B-2 1/1 F.7+09 Hungarian Air Force Long Range Recce, Russia, 1942, RLM70/71/65

• Do-215B-1 T5+AC Aufkl.Gr(F)Ob.d.1 Finland, 1941, with civil codes, RLM70/71/65

• Do-215B-4 G2+BH 1(F)24, Norway, 1940, RLM70/71/65

• Do-215B-2 G2+MH 1(F)/124, April 1942, RLM70/71/65

• Do-215B-5 G9+PM 4/NJG1 Helmut Lent, Belgium, 1941, overall black

• T5+PL 3(F)/Aufkl.Gr.Ob.d.I, RLM70/71/65

72-104 F-16C Baby Got Fullback Aggressors 57 Wing at Nellis AFB continues to generate new adversary paint schemes that mimic the newest schemes from potential adversaries of the US. Splinter

This set offers seven aircraft from assorted Soviet units in 1944-45, five of them with red cowlings and

• Do-215B-5 R4+AP 6/NJG2 Leeuwarden, 1941, overall black

• B-2 1/1 F.7+09 Hungarian Air Force Long Range Recce, Russia,

The latest sheet from Two Bobs includes another aggressor scheme. The 1/72 set offers enough markings and stencilling for three complete aircraft, the 1/48 version offers two, while in 1/32 stencilling covers one aircraft, with individual markings for two.


• Do-215B-2 G2+MH 1(F)/124, April 1942, RLM70/71/65

• Hawker Hispano Fury 4W-1, captured ex Republican, 1938


48007 La-7 Weapon of Victory

1942, RLM70/71/65 • Do-215B-4 G2+BH 1(F)24, Norway, 1940, RLM70/71/65

most featuring flamboyant personal markings on either tail or fuselage. The decals are very nicely printed, with the sheet offering all individual markings, plus two complete sets of national markings

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www.hannants.co.uk and Shark are the two newest. Two Bobs worked with the actual crew chiefs of the aircraft covered to get all the little details just right. You'll notice that the Russian stars are larger on two aircraft than the first Splinter jet that was painted in this scheme. Vinyl paint masks are included for the Shark scheme to paint the false dielectic EW panels that mimic the ones seen on the Su-34 Fullback aircraft. Sized for the Hasegawa F-16C kit in 1/72. www.twobobs.net

in two styles. Some stencilling is included on the sheet. 48008 Yak-9 Red Warhorses This sheet offers no less than nine Yaks in the two tone grey over light

blue undersides typical of late war Soviet fighters. Stencilling is provided for one aircraft with national markings in three styles. www.foxbot.com.ua

The International Plastic Modellers Society was established in the United Kingdom over 50 years ago with the aim of promoting and supporting the hobby of plastic modelling and has developed into a truly global ‘model club’ with more than 60 international bodies. Come along and see for yourself at

The World’s Greatest Model Show

Incorporating the IPMS (UK) National Competition

Senior Best of Show in 2016 Ferrari 330 P4-2/TB V/Stol ~ Daytona 1967 by 2016 National Senior Champion Stefano Marchetti Image © Chris Ayre

The International Centre Telford Shropshire TF1 4JH More than 400 exhibitors in 2017, including 200 trade stands and over 200 model clubs

Saturday 11th November 2017

Sunday 12th November 2017

Open: 10.00am to 6.00pm

Open: 10.00am to 4.00pm

Admission: Adults £12.00 ~ Concessions £8.00*

Admission: Adults £10.00 ~ Concessions £7.00*

Two day pass £20.00

Advance ticket sales now available from: ipmsuk.org/ipms-scale-modelworld

Children under 16: FREE (up to 2 children per full-paying adult) ~ IPMS Members FREE *Concessions means either Seniors (over state retirement age) or Registered Disabled (accompanying carer gets free admission)

For an IPMS (UK) Information Pack, including a FREE sample magazine, please send 3 First Class stamps to the Membership Secretary: Cliff Bassett West Barn Duken Lane Wootton Bridgnorth Shropshire WV15 6EA Email [email protected] or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join online



Twenty years on for the Museum of Air Battle Over the Ore Mountains By Jack Trent


he air battle over the Ore Mountains took place around midday on 11 September 1944 between German and American air forces over the crest of the Ore Mountains near the village of Oberwiesenthal, above the Bohemian market town of Schmiedeberg (today Kovářská in the Czech Republic). The 100th Bomber Group, stationed at RAF Thorpe Abbotts in England, approached the area in a formation of thirty six B-17s. The aircraft flew at great height over Germany and initially without being escorted by fighters. Their target was the Schwarzheide Synthesis Factory between Dresden and Cottbus. In addition, several aircraft were to drop their bomb loads over the Sudetenland fuel factory at Maltheuern near Brüx - frequently a target for Allied bombing because it manufactured fuel from

coal, something that was crucial to the war effort. A concentrated attack was mounted against the bomber force over Schmiedeberg by JG 4, stationed at the airfields of Alteno near Luckau and Welzow near Cottbus. The attackers comprised sixty Fw 190As and Bf 109s. This first attack by the German aircraft had devastating consequences for the bomber formation with a total of fourteen US aircraft shot down, some crashing immediately. The plan had been for the bombers to rendezvous with P-51 escorts over the crest of the Ore Mountains and this took place immediately after the first German attack. The US Mustangs had taken off from RAF Horham. After the rendezvous dogfighting broke out between the fighters, allowing the remaining

Model display and recovered artefacts from local crash sites combine to bring the events of the past to life at the museum

bombers to escape. Although the German fighters should have been an even match for the Mustangs, in this particular engagement they were heavily defeated, because the aircraft were mainly flown by young, inexperienced pilots, many of whom were on their first operational sortie. The remaining US bombers were able to drop their bombs on the Schwarzheide Synthesis Factory. The crash sites of the downed US bombers were mainly around Schmiedeberg, near Oberwiesenthal, Crottendorf and Rittersgrün. Losses amounted to nineteen US and thirty two German aircraft with seventy nine aircrew killed in all and eighty nine American airmen captured.

Display of artefacts from the crash site of P51D 44-13724

Director and founder Jan Zdiarsky discussing exhibits with visitors to the museum

The memorial to the fallen airmen from the battle The vagaries of our print schedule prevent this report from reaching you in time to be involved with the crowd-funding project – but belated congratulations to all involved for bringing the event off

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Kovářská plays host to an annual commemoration of the battle. This is a photo taken by Jaromir Kohout during the 2011 event showing a column of historical vehicles going through the village. Just one of a number of events during the course of the day

B AT T L E O V E R T H E O R E M O U N TA I N S The Museum

Showcase dedicated to memory of the crew of Lt. Wesley R. Carlton, lost with B-17G 42102695 LN-F on 11th September 1944

Eduard’s epic boxing of the Fw 190A-8R/2 is a great starting point for modellers to build a collection depicting the Ore Mountains clash

The Museum of Air Battle over the Ore Mountains was founded in 1996. Eighteen months later its doors officially opened to the first visitors. More than twelve years of historical research and documentation by The Air Historical Association’s Kovářská and Slet Pilsen preceded the opening of the Museum. The third founder of the Museum was the village of Kovářská, which provided the premises and financial support. The Museum is dedicated to the memory of airmen of all nations who fought and died on September 11, 1944 over Czechoslovakia and Germany in one of the most intense air battles over continental Europe. The museum was officially opened by American and German veterans of the battle on Sept 13, 1997. The Eduard Model Accessories company is one of the Museum’s significant partners. The Museum’s ties with the company date back to an initial opportunity to cooperate with Eduard many years ago, when it arranged lectures during their E-Day events in Pilsen. In return, Eduard has been the main sponsor of plastic model competitions organized during the international reunion of veterans in Kovářská since 1997. Thanks to similar views on aviation history, the museum began to cooperate on model kit releases, notably the Fw 190A-8/R2 (Royal Class #0004 and ProfiPACK #8175), a joint activity that

looks set to continue. Eduard’s Jan Zdiarsky is founder and director/volunteer of the Museum and under his auspices the museum launched a crowd-funding project to raise funds to host a public event to celebrate the museum’s twentieth anniversary. We understand this has been a success and at time of writing the event looked set to go ahead in partnership with the veteran’s associations, Eduard, and the local community who have taken a personal interest not only in the museum but in the events that took place high above them on that late Summer’s day in 1944.

Eduard’s kit provides markings for the aircraft of Hans-Günther von Kornatzki, Stab/II.(Sturm)/JG4, September 11th, 1944

Bunny Fighter Club


ongratulations to Jan and all connected with the museum on twenty years of cooperation and commemoration. Modellers looking to model the aircraft from the Ore Mountains engagement would do well to make Eduard their starting point, for the full range of Fw 190 kits as well as all thre superdetail parts they need for other associated aircraft. Keep an

eye on their website for more special editions. These are always worth getting your hands on, but some are available only to loyalty club members so if you want to be sure of getting these, and indeed all Eduard kits at a knockdown price, you simply need to join the BFC! This will get you a 15% permanent club discount at Eduard’s Store, unique valuable club kits and

accessories, even better prices at the Eduard event stand and a BFC t-shirt with a unique design and special barcode, used for event discounts. This exclusive t-shirt will only be available to members of BFC. You’ll also get free entry at E-day so check out the website for full details. www.eduard.com/bfc




A look at some of the latest publications received for review Edited by Ernie Lee Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker Author: Robert G Hopkins III Publisher: Crecy Publishing Ltd ISBN: 978 19108 090 137 Format: Hardback, 384 pages This book was first published in 1997 although it has been fully revised and updated. The KC-135 is of course not just a tanker. There are many variants and all of these are covered in detail. This guy is not a jobbing aviation writer but luckily someone who is obsessed with this aircraft. There is so much detail that we could do with another book to guide you through this one. Fine there is an index and a guide to using this book. This aircraft has been around a long time and it has been put to many uses, and that being so, the author has a lot to say, covering each and every variant. The text goes into minute detail, of not only the development, but also the operational history of each variant and this is accompanied by a huge number of photographs and tables. These include Planned RC-135 Missions to and from the UK, August 1971, Mission Design Series (MDS), a list that takes up no less than fourteen pages. There is an Attrition list, another fourteen pages, and even a retirements list. Get the message? And that is just some of them. You will also find two pages of SAC tail markings and lots more. From a modeller’s point of view, we have been well served. This is a big aeroplane, so it seems that 1/72 scale is the largest practical one. However a search through the Internet will uncover some very small scales and of course the very popular 1/144. I have one 1/72 model in one of my cases and two other variants in stock, although I think in that scale most of us would have to be satisfied with one! If you are keen on this aircraft, either as a student of aviation or a modeller, then this is the book for you. www.crecy.co.uk

Ernie Lee On Atlas Shoulders RAF Transport Projects Since 1945 Authors: Chris Gibson Publisher: Hikoki Publications ISBN: 978 19021 095 10

Format: Hardback 272 pages Size: A4 Throughout World War II the majority of British aircraft production was devoted to fighters and bombers, consequently we mainly relied on the United States for modern transport aircraft. Most of our indigenous machines were the likes of the Bombay and Harrow and even British aircraft produced were based on such things as the Lancaster and Halifax. Even postwar designs such as the Hastings relied heavily on the Halifax for some of its major components. However the latter machine was nothing to write home about. The range was appalling. Travailing to my transit camp in Egypt on National Service we had to stop and refuel in Libya, just to get there. One of the design features at that time was the fact that most of our aircraft were tail sitters. This is not an ideal deign for getting vehicles or even large crates stowed away. This problem, and how the Germans used various designs to surmount it, are included. Postwar one of the ways was to build machines enabling either the front or the rear of the aircraft to be accessed. These designs and the use of tricycle undercarriages have both found favour and this book deals with a considerable number of them. This is not just a book of projects, as many of the aircraft covered entered service in one form or another. If you have an interest in transport aircraft you are going to like this volume. Even though some of the designs did not make it to production, they were very clever. One that is worth a mention is the Handley Page HP 111. This aircraft interior could be modified by raising and lowering the double floor. Access would be by a rear ramp. The book illustrates various configurations. For instance you could have a two deck passenger compartment or a forward upper deck for passengers with the rear section lowered to accommodate a six wheel lorry. This book is absolutely filled with illustrations suggesting dozens of transport options that could be adopted. From a modelling point of view there are some kits on the market. Unfortunately, because of

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the sheer size of the aircraft, most of them had to be produced in 1/144. Beautiful though they are, as my glasses get thicker because of age I am afraid I will have to leave such models to younger eyes. This book will keep you occupied for many hours. There is so much to read that you may need to go through it more than once to make sure you have not missed anything. www.crecy.co.uk

Ernie Lee Lockheed Model L-200 Convoy Fighter The Original Proposal and Early Development of the XFV1 Salmon Part One Authors: Jared A. Zichek Publisher: Retromechanix ISBN: 968 09968 754 48 Format: Paperback, 74 pages Size: A4 This book presents the original proposal for the Lockheed Model L-200 Convoy Fighter of 1950, which led to the XFV-1 Salmon turboprop tail sitter naval aircraft. It was one of five submissions to the US Navy’s Convoy Fighter competition, which called for a high performance turboprop VTOL fighter to protect convoy vessels from attack by enemy aircraft. The original L-200 design differed from the eventual XFV-1 in having a tail with only three surfaces, an eight bladed propeller and various turboprop engine installation options. Variants covered include an early L-200 study with inverted tail, the L-200-1 tactical fighter, L-200-2 stripped prototype, L-200-3 with afterburner, L-200-6 swept wing variant and L-200-7 canard configuration. www.retromechanix.com

Lockheed P-38 Lightning Early Versions (BiG Yellow)

Authors: Robert Pęczkowski Publisher: Mushroom ISBN: 978 83652 813 19 Format: Hardback, 96 pages Size: A4 The P-38 was the only American fighter aircraft in production throughout American

involvement in the war, from Pearl Harbor to VJ Day. With its unusual twin boom design, this was one of the most distinctive fighters of World War II and saw action in all theatres of the war, being especially effective in the Pacific area. This book describes the development of the early versions of this iconic warplane, with full technical details and many detail photos. It is profusely illustrated with photos, including a comprehensive walk around section showing all aspects of the airframe, and diagrams from official manuals. Includes 1/72 plans and colour profiles showing many of the colourful schemes applied to the P-38 by its users. www.mmpbooks.biz

Hurricane R4118 Revisited Author: Peter Vacher Publisher: Grub Street ISBN: 978 19106 904 37 Format: Hardback, 208 pages Twelve years since the amazing account of Peter Vacher’s discovery in India was originally published, Grub Street presents the updated story of Hurricane R4118. Since the restoration of this magnificent aircraft to flight in 2004, Peter Vacher continued to research its history. In this book more stories of R4118’s origins are told, including the extraordinary tale of how this aircraft shot down a friendly Whitley bomber before it was assigned to a RAF squadron. Focus is also given to the role of 605 Squadron’s ground crew and the aircraft during the Battle of Britain. Continuing into the present day, Vacher highlights the challenges of maintaining and flying a historic war bird, whilst war bird pilot Keith Dennison provides expert commentary on exactly what it is like to fly a Hurricane. The book concludes with the sale of R4118 to an enthusiastic Englishman and the decision taken to keep the aircraft at the Shuttleworth Collection. With brand new photography and sources, including wartime letters from Bunny Currant, this book is essential reading for all Hurricane enthusiasts. www.grubstreet.co.uk



) ighty Mo ssouri (M e USS Mi rs undergo an ntail of th e On the fa ship’s Kingfish the fray. eturns to both the fore the vessel r a has its engine be mer overhaul st the ca ing the starboard aft neare The aircr and is also miss rth noting the n wo worked o float. It’s well the wing lly along g a n i i c w e r p e s d e n u ns marcatio colour de e. USN via DRJ dg leading e

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£14 50

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By Adrian M. Balch


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Orders from the world’s book and hobby trade are invited

For more information on previous issues and secure ordering please visit:




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Alll major cre ediit cards s accepted. Orders s can be pla aced by mail,, tele ephone, fa ax or through the we ebsite. (www..guide delinepubliications.co.uk) Plus posta age and packiin ng on alll ord ders s. Ove e rs e a s re eaders rs pay posta age at air maill priinted paper ra ate.


Unit 3, En nigma Building, Bilton n Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley Bucks MK1 1HW Te elephone: +44 (0)1908 270400, Fax: +44 (0)1908 270614, Email: [email protected]


Saturday 8th July 2017 Civic Community Hall, Vicarage Lane, Hailsham, East Sussex, BN27 2AX By Jim Bren and Geoff Cooper-Smith

Before you tuck in in to this show report, it is considered pertinent to point out that this is a report on a show 580 Modellers did not actually attend. Prior arrangements were made through Jim Bren of the host club for the provision of both words and images. In order to improve the variety of coverage and give greater exposure to more shows further contributions from any clubs on their shows would be warmly welcomed. It doesn’t take much effort, and you are helped and supported in the production of material, so if you are interested please contact Geoff Cooper-Smith on 07841 417680, or via [email protected]


fine warm day boded well for the club's fourth annual show and second such event at the spacious and airy Community Centre, an ideal venue, having quickly outgrown the previous constraints of Hailsham Parish Church. The club is relatively young having formed in 2000, but in recent years has experienced something of a growth spurt, with a fresh influx of keen modellers, and in 2016 we proudly became the East Sussex branch of IPMS. In line with its growing popularity the show once again attracted a wide variety of traders and clubs, from both near and far. As an organiser it is always difficult to ensure the right mix of traders to cover all interests, but we managed to attract both new and second hand kit traders, specialist booksellers and even a couple of

independent exhibitors. All the traders evidently did good business, reporting healthy takings. Special mention must go to that road warrior Peter Bowyer of MAN Models, who once again made the pilgrimage from Scotland to support us. Also, in what may be a first for any UK model show, we were pleased to welcome Plastech who provided a fascinating display of dies, mouldings and completed kits. They are based in Newhaven and manufactured many of the recently released Airfix kits. Their display certainly provided an insight into where the some of these popular kits come from. There was plenty to see across the club stands, and many people commented on the exceptional quality and diversity of models on display. The clubs pulled out all

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the stops, with our neighbours Tangmere Sector Modellers winning both the coveted best club display and the best in show award. Clearly these chaps are ones to watch. The competition attracted a stunning range of entries across all categories with some of the standouts being Neil Underwood’s Curtis Jenny (Winner 1/72 aircraft) and Me 109 (Winner 1/48 aircraft). We also marvelled at the showstopping Airfix 1/24 Typhoon by Richard Spreckley. All in all, the show was a resounding success once again for the club with a great turnout and many positive comments. Once again our thanks go to Derek Hersey, Gerald Bishop, Nick Richardson and Tony Roberts (Chair) for organizing this fantastic event. Roll on 2018.

580 M O D E L L E R S

Choking the Dragon


how Dragon was shown a letter by a trader from IPMS (UK) this week regarding Scale ModelWorld, which they considered to be rather curt and somewhat dismissive. It demanded the completion and return of a risk assessment quickly, otherwise the pack of information required for the trader to gain entry to SMW (and hence trade) would not be forthcoming, even if the tables had been paid for in full. Its tone shows a lack of empathy and raises several interesting points.

Firstly for some English is not their first language and Show Dragon knows through interaction with some traders, who are considered by most to be very welcome by their presence, that their English can be very basic. I sincerely hope that some assistance is being offered by IPMS (UK) to help those at such a disadvantage to complete these risk assessments satisfactorily. If such a request were to arrive at the Show Dragon abode written in Mandarin, they wouldn’t have a clue what to do. A further question arises as a result of this and that is what have traders actually paid for? Have they paid simply for the provision of

By Show Dragon tables, or an agreed amount of floor space within which the tables are located? There is also no mention of the provision of anything other than tables such as chairs. Traders are thus being asked to return a completed risk assessment without knowing their location and hence what specific risks may be pertinent to where they are situated and whether they have safe access and egress for any large objects e.g. display cabinets. A search on the web will quickly educate one as to the purpose of the risk assessment procedure. It is meant to be a two way process between parties with appropriate knowledge to ensure all possible risks are identified and where possible mitigated. In Show Dragon’s experience it is usual for the body submitting the risk assessment to have it reviewed, approved and returned before they are allowed to proceed and I have known tasks not be allowed to occur because no way could be found to mitigate the risk of harm. So if a trader does not receive such approval, are they okay to proceed? And what would be the legal implications of such if a trader had identified a risk, which IPMS (UK) needed to mitigate but failed to do so?

Show Dragon sincerely hopes that IPMS (UK) might consider adopting a more empathetic approach generally towards those who support its existence, both directly and indirectly. Yes they may be forced down the route of the need to have risk assessments completed for SMW, and the event may be ominously close, but many people not regularly obliged to comply with these issues find them confusing and mystifying, and many resent the sudden implication that they are somehow causing a hazard by simply doing something they have been doing for decades without any problems. Perhaps the society might think about a more holistic approach with some form of public relations or communications post and/or support, to ensure that requests are better planned, timed, thought out, phrased and worded? Adopting such would undoubtedly serve to maintain the benevolent image of IPMS (UK) and ensure all supporters of this venerable and august body understand the problems they face and are more likely to remain on their side.




By Dave Hooper

Albatros Aircraft of WorldWar I Volume Four Fighters Author: Jack Herris Publisher: Aeronaut ISBN: 978 19358 815 20 Format: Paperback, 224 pages

The Blue Max Airmen Volume Nine

1/32 Captain Kinkead

Authors: Lance J Bronnenkant Publisher: Aeronaut ISBN: 978 19358 815 51 Format: Paperback, 142 pages This is the ninth volume of an ongoing series that aims to document all German Airmen who were awarded the Pour le Merite during World War I. This volume features four more airmen, Allmenroeder, Brandenburg, Pechmann and Tutschek. The book follows the format of previous volumes in that a detailed biography and service history of each pilot is lavishly illustrated with a large number of period photographs. Following each biography is a section detailing all aircraft known to be associated with the airman and this section includes photographs and colour profiles. Not all winners of

The fourth and final volume of Jack Herris’s reference guide to the designs of Albatros Werks covers the single seat aircraft, mainly D types. These are of course the aircraft that Albatros are best known for and as such this volume is likely to be very popular. As with previous books from this series the aircraft are presented in designation order beginning with the D.I and each type has a generous page count devoted to it. As ever the book is top heavy with photographs, 316 in total, and also includes a large number of colour profiles by Bob Pearson. Each subject includes a brief technical history of the type while photographic captions provide some extra information. The D.III and D.V are obviously the star attractions and almost half of the book’s 224 pages are devoted to these two types, but I like the later prototype aircraft, which go all the way up to D.XIV and not forgetting the two Dr designated triplanes. In addition the book contains three view plans of ten aircraft in 1/48 scale. This is an excellent final volume containing a wealth of information and images likely to be of interest to anybody intending to build any of large range of Albatros Scout kits out there from WNW to Revell.

Luftkreig 1919

the Blue Max were fighter pilots as this volume illustrates very well. Ernst Brandenburg was best known as the commander of KG3, the Gotha squadron that carried out many of the early raids over the south east of England. Paul von Pechmann was the first observer to be awarded the Pour le Merite. Adolf Ritter von Tutschek is the the most well-known of the four pilots featured in this book and unsurprisingly fifty pages are devoted to this pilot including a wealth of information on the aircraft that Tutschek flew. This book is an excellent addition to this series and well worth investing in. The information on the aircraft is particular useful to those intending to model these famous mounts.

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with fantasy although I can understand why some purists might not take to the idea. Hat’s off to Richard Andrews for another innovative product. Many thanks to Luftkreig 1919 for this review sample. The full range of 1919 products are available at www.luftkrieg1919.com

Aviattic 1/32 and 1/48 Fokker Streaked Camouflage

At the close of World War I the British dispatched an expeditionary force to aid the White Russians against the Bolsheviks. In south Russia 47 Squadron, under the Command initially of Ray Collishaw and then Major GRM Reid, was usually led in action by ex RNAS pilot Captain Sam Kinkead, who was also the squadron’s highest scoring pilot at this time. This historical background forms the basis of the latest in the Luftkreig 1919 range of what if figures. In this alternate history, Kinkead is shot down over southern Russia and joins a group of renegades fighting the Bolsheviks. The figure itself is beautifully cast, depicting Kinkead trudging through the snow, manhandling a Vickers machine gun that he salvaged from his downed Camel. The kit comprises six resin pieces including a resin wedge shaped base. The figure reminds me a little of a World War I version of Rambo with a bandaged head, ammo belt across the chest and large machine gun. Of course there are none of the glistening muscles and I’m sure if the figure could talk he would be a bit more eloquent than Mr Stallone. This is an excellent addition to a range of what if figures that you are either going to love or hate. Personally I like the idea of mixing historical fact

The latest decal sheets from Aviattic provide a practical solution to creating a professional looking streaked finish on the Fokker F.1, Dr.1 or D.VII. The sheets are currently available in 1/32 and 1/48, but one hopes that 1/72 and even perhaps 1/144 might follow. These are not the first sheets to simulate streaking in decal form. Gunsight Graphic produced some nice generic sheets many years ago, but Aviattic have gone two steps further by providing streaking of different styles for the various areas of the aircraft. As such the 1/32 streaks come on two sheets, one intended to be used on the fuselage, tail and turtle deck, while the second sheet is intended for use on the wings, elevators and ailerons. In addition to the streaking a large selection of wheel covers in various intensities are included. The sheets are available with a clear base or an unbleached linen base. This is another excellent product from Aviattic and an absolute must for anybody intending to build a Dr.1 or Fokker built D.VII www.aviattic.co.uk



Next issue


Planned for the Scale Aircraft Modelling

October 2017 Proudly Celebrating 38 Years!

Volume 39 Issue 9: November 2017

www.guidelinepublications.co.uk Published by Guideline Publications & printed by Regal Litho Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 Distributed to the UK and International news trade by: Intermedia http://www.inter-media.co.uk/ via MarketForce (UK) Ltd. 110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU http://www.marketforce.co.uk/

GEHEIM! The Luftwaffe’s jets, rockets and secret projects in 1/144 By Mike Verier

Getting to Grips Airfix’s 1/72 Provost examined By Peter Doyle

Chairman: Regis Auckland Worldwide Advertising: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Editor: Gary Hatcher, [email protected] Assistant Editor: Karl Robinson

Walkaround Fisher P-75A Eagle By Steve Muth

Associate Editor: Neil Robinson Newsdesk: Colin 'Flying' Pickett Book Reviews: Ernie Lee News & Industry Editor: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Design: Lincoln Rodrigues House Artist: Mark Rolfe, [email protected] North American Contact: Larry Weindorf Post Office Box 21, Annandale, VA 22003 ph: 703-639-7316, [email protected] SAM Subscriptions, SAM Shop & Back Issues: Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 12 Months' Subscription UK: £49.50, Europe: £64.00 Rest of the World: £85.00 Air Mail Only, USA / Canada Subscriptions: $127.00 Larry Weindorf 2 York Street , Gettysburg PA 17325 USA Ph: 703-639-7316 e-mail: [email protected] Alternatively we can bill you and send an invoice for your 1 year subscription. Payment from overseas should be made by International Money Order or Bankers Draft drawn on the UK branch of the subscriber’s own bank. We also accept payment by Visa and Mastercard, Credit Cards or Delta debit cards, with full name, card number including 3-digit security code, issue number, and expiry date. The Legal Bits: This Magazine is copyrighted material! Scale Aircraft Modelling (ISSN 0956-1420) is sold through the news distribution trade subject to the condition that no material written or pictorial is copied from editorial or advertising pages without the written consent of the publishers. Guideline Publications accepts no liability for the contents of advertisements or the conduct of advertisers. Opinions expressed by authors and reviewers are their own and may not reflect those of the publishers. Unsolicited material sent for publication is welcome on the understanding that it may not be returned unless postage is provided. .

Aircraft in Profile Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 by Richard Mason With colour artwork and scale drawings by Mark Rolfe

Catch the Camel Wingnut Wings Sopwith Camel BR.1 By Dave Hooper

Colour Conundrum The Truth about Late War Luftwaffe Camouflage? Part One RLM 81 and RLM 82 By Paul Lucas All this and more plus the latest from the Newsdesk, the continuing efforts of the Harrogate Model Club, and the usual Marketplace round up and showcases. Please note we receive a constant stream of interesting and informative articles, and in the interest of balanced and up to the minute coverage content may change at short notice. The above listing is provisional and may be subject to change.

Model Show Listing Compiled by Geoff Cooper-Smith of 580 Modellers For shows this coming month see the IPMS(UK) column. If you would like your show promoted in this listing then please contact Geoff at [email protected] or on 07841 417680. Saturday 30th September 2017 Abingdon IPMS present their Annual Show at Larkmead School, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 1BB. Saturday 7th October 2017 The Tank Museum presents Tank Mod 2017 at The Tank Museum, Bovingdon, Wool, Dorset, BH20 6JG. Sunday 8th October 2017 Ellesmere Model Railway Club and Shropshire Scale Modellers present the North Shropshire Model Show at Ellesmere Market Hall, Scotland Street, Ellesmere, Shropshire, SY12 0ED. Saturday 14th & Sunday 15th October 2017 IPMS Belgium presents Plastic & Steel. Sunday 15th October 2017 IPMS Newark & Lincoln present the Lincoln & Newark Model Expo in the Grandstand at Southwell Racecourse, Rolleston, Newark, Nottinghamshire, NG25 0TS. Sunday 15th October 2017 Merseyside Scale Model Club presents their first Model Show at Old Christ Church, Waterloo, Liverpool, L22 1RE. **NEW SHOW** Saturday 21st October 2017 IPMS Glasgow presents their annual Glasgow Modelfest at Bellahouston Leisure Centre, Bellahouston Drive, Glasgow, G52 1HH. Sunday 22nd October 2017 Norex Model Show at William Loveless Hall, 8587 High Street, Wivenhoe, Essex, C07 9AB. Saturday 28th October 2017 Letchworth Scale Model Club present Showcase 2017 at the Icknield Centre, Icknield Way, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, SG6 1EF. **NEW VENUE** Saturday 11th and Sunday 12th November 2017 Australian Capital Territory Scale Modellers' Society present Scale Act 2017 at UC High School Kaleen, 108 Baldwin Drive, Kaleen, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Saturday 11th & Sunday 12th November 2017 IPMS UK presents Scale ModelWorld at the Telford International Centre, Telford, Shropshire, TF3 4JH. Sunday 19th November 2017 Aircraft Enthusiasts Fair and Model Show at the Museum of Army Flying, Middle Wallop, Stockbridge, Hampshire, SO20 8DY. Sunday 26th November 2017 The Bristol Area Branch of the British Model Soldier Society in association with South West Figure Modellers Nailsea School, The Link, Mizzymead Road, Nailsea, North Somerset, BS48 2HN. Saturday 2nd December 2017 HaMeX 8 swap meet and model show presented by Paul Fitzmaurice and Matt Irvine at Hanslope Village Hall, Newport Road, Hanslope, Buckinghamshire, MK19 7NZ. Saturday 2nd December 2017 Guideline Publications present the London Toy Soldier Show at Haverstock School, Camden Lock, London, NW3 2BQ. **NEW VENUE** Sunday 3rd December 2017 Guideline Publications present the London Plastic Model Show at Haverstock School, Camden Lock, London, NW3 2BQ. **NEW VENUE**



Linden Hill LH48011M 1:48 Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker B airframe stencils update (Hobby Boss) LH48040 1:48 Sukhoi Su-27 'Guardians of the North' Update (16 x Arctic Su-27P/UB + bonus Su-27P 'Belbek Scheme'. (HobbyBoss) LH48041 1:48 Red Stars for Russian/Soviet Sukhoi Su-27s & Mikoyan MiG-29s, 1980s to 2017

NEW DECALS AOA Decals AOA32021 1:32 VMFA-334 FALCONS: LOVEBUG 5 USMC McDonnell F-4J Phantom in the Vietnam War & Japan. For Tamiya 1/32 F-4J Phantom This decal sheet covers one F-4J Phantom of VMFA-334 Falcons as she appeared in Vietnam in 1968-69 and later in Japan in 1969. AOA32022 1:32 PHANTOM EAGLES & KNIGHTS USMC F-4B Phantoms in the Vietnam War For Tamiya 1/32 F-4 converted to F-4B variant (not provided with this sheet) This decal covers two USMC squadrons during the Vietnam War. VMFA-115 Silver Eagles - six options (3 airframes) for aircraft at Chu Lai (1968/69) and Da Nang (1970-71), South Vietnam; MCAS Iwakuni Japan (1971); and Nam Phong, Thailand (1973). VMFA-314 Black Knights - two options for aircraft at Chu Lai, South Vietnam (1968/69) Begemot BT7215 1:72 Mikoyan MiG- Foxbat (23) USSR, Algeria, Syria, Libya; Ukraine, Egypt, Bulgaria, Iraq, India; Natural Metal and Camouflage Schemes.




1:48 Dewoitine D 520 GC I/3: S/Lt Hubert de Salaberry n° 115 code 8 - 05/1940, S/Lt Michel madon n° 90 code 2 - 06/1940, S/Lt Georges Blanck n° 70 code 5 - 05/1940, Adj AndrÈ Carrier n° 73 code 10 - 05/1940.


BER72044R 1:72 Mitsubishi ZERO A6M5-7 Model 52-63: Oita (J-46) 1945, Morioka (ED-106) 1945, 201 Kokutai (02-112) 25/10/1944, Akamatsu 1945, Suzuki (301-163) 1944, 302 Kokutai 1945, 210 Kokutai 1945 BER72108

1:72 Dewoitine D 520 GC I/3: S/Lt Hubert de Salaberry n° 115 code 8 - 05/1940, S/Lt Michel madon n° 90 code 2 - 06/1940, S/Lt Georges Blanck n° 70 code 5 - 05/1940, Adj AndrÈ Carrier n° 73 code 10 - 05/1940.

DK Decals DKD72043 1:72 North-American B-25 Mk.II/Mk.III Mitchell Markings for 98, 180, 226 & 684 Sqn, A&AEE, 111 OTU, 3 PRU (India), 320 (Dutch) & 305 (Polish) RAF DKD72044 1:72 Whitley Markings for 58, 77, 78, 102, 138, 296, 612 Sqns, 1484 (Bomber) Gunnery Flight & Parachute Training School. DKD72048 1:72 Lockheed B-34/PV-2 Ventura. Markings for 8, 21, 22, 113, 487 (NZ), 519, 521, 11 SU & 1575 SD Flt RAF, 6027 Sqn SAAF, 1 (BR) Sqn RNZAF, 2 (BR) Sqn RNZAF and PV-2 Harpoon RNZAF Dutch Decal DD32031 1:32 Curtiss P-40N, Hawker Hurricane KNIL de Havilland Mosquito DD48064 1:48 Republic F-84E/F-84G Thunderjet KLu DD72088 1:72 Republic F-84E/F-84G Thunderjet KLu


£11.70 £11.20

£9.99 £9.99

L Decals Studio LDS48002 1:48 Sukhoi Su-22M4 in Czechoslovak, Czech and Slovak Air Forces LDS48011 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-29A and Mikoyan MiG-29UB (8x camo) LDS72010 1:72 Sukhoi Su-22M4 in Czechoslovak, Czech and Slovak Air Forces LDS72011 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-29A and Mikoyan MiG-29UB (8x camo) LDS72012 1:72 Mil Mi-4A Hound 1st Command Squadron' (Czech)

NEW KITS Academy Aircraft kits (injection) AC12283 1:48 Boeing CH-46E U.S. Marines 'Bull Frog' (Was AC2226) AC12284 1:48 Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star (Was AC2185) AC12540 1:72 Lockheed SR-71 & GTD-21 Drone AC12550 1:72 McDonnell F-15E USAF 333rd Fighter Squadron NEW TOOLING AIM - Rug Rat Resins Aircraft kits (resin)

RR7203004 RR7205004 RR7205005 RR7205006 £41.99 £17.99 £18.99 £24.99

Microscale AC480051 1:48 Back in stock! McDonnell F-4 Phantom II Assorted Versions Common Data, Grey & Medium Grey Aircraft AC480052 1:48 Back in stock! McDonnell F-4 Phantom II Assorted Versions - Common Data - Camouflage aircraft Print Scale PSL32014 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-19 MiG-21 Vietnam war PSL48129 1:48 Mikoyan MIG-29A/MiG-29UB Iranian PSL48130 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-3 Aces of World War 2 PSL48131 1:48 McDonnell F-4 Iranian PSL72277 1:72 Junkers Ju-52 civic versions Part-1 PSL72278 1:72 Junkers Ju-52 civic versions Part-2 PSL72279 1:72 Junkers Ju-52 civic versions Part-3 PSL72280 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas FGR.2 Phantom II Part-1 PSL72281 1:72 Sukhoi Su-24 in IRIAF Service PSL72282 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AH-64 Apache PSL72283 1:72 MiG-3 Aces of World War 2 PSL72284 1:72 V1 Flying Bomb Aces Supermarine Spitfire PSL72285 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas FGR.2 Phantom II Part-2 PSL72286 1:72 V1 Flying Bomb Aces Mustang SBS Model SBSD4819D 1:48 Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV/Mk.IVF in Finnish Service (Classic Airframes) SBSD4822D 1:48 Junkers Ju-88A-4, Ju-88A-14, Ju-88D-1 in Hungarian Service SBSD7219D 1:72 Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV in Finnish Service For any Mk.IV/Mk.IVF kits (Airfix and MPM) SBSD7222D 1:72 Junkers Ju-88A-4, Ju-88A-14, Ju-88D-1 in Hungarian Service

£7.99 £7.99 £9.99 £9.80 £9.80 £10.60 £11.40 £11.40 £11.40 £9.99 £9.80 £9.99 £9.80 £10.60 £9.99 £9.99

£9.99 £9.99 £7.99 £7.99

Twosix Silk STS44216 1:144 Re-printed! Airbus A380-800 Emirates STS44257 1:144 British Caledonian early BAC 1-11-200/500 STS44295 1:144 American Airlines delivery Boeing 767-200/767-300

£10.80 £10.80 £10.80

Vingtor (late sheets) TH32131 1:32 Lockheed-Martin F-35A - RNoAF VTH48131 1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-35A - RNoAF

£12.50 £12.50


Flying Leathernecks Aircraft decals (military) FL32003 1:32 McDonnell-Douglas F/A-18/C Hornets (6) VMFA-333/451 Desert Storm 1990/91;, VMFA-142 Iraqi Freedom 2005; VMFA-122 Iraqi Freedom 2008; VMFA -232/251 Operation Inherent

Kits-World KW48171 1:48 Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'Hard to Get' 44-35710/N7705C. A-26B Douglas invader 'Silver Dragon '44-34104/N7705C. KW48172 1:48 Douglas A-26B Douglas invader 'Maggie's Drawers' 41-39360 416th BG, 671st BS. Douglas A-26B Douglas invader 'Dinah Might' 43-22498 416th BG, 671st BS. KW48173 1:48 Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'For Pete's Sake' 43-22330 416th BG, 670th BS. Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'Lady Liberty' 41-39230. KW72164 1:72 Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'Hard to Get' 44-35710/N7705C. Douglas A-26B Douglas invader 'Silver Dragon '44-34104/N7705C. KW72165 1:72 Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'For Pete's Sake' 43-22330 416th BG, 670th BS. Douglas A-26C Douglas invader 'Lady Liberty' 41-39230. KW72166 1:72 Douglas A-26B Douglas invader 'Maggie's Drawers' 41-39360 416th BG, 671st BS.Douglas A-26B Douglas invader 'Dinah Might' 43-22498 416th BG, 671st BS. £10.20



£14.99 £14.99 £14.99

Foxbot Decals FBOT48024 1:48 Lavochkin La-5FN part 2 FBOT72001 1:72 Yakovlev Yak-9



Berna Decals BER32048 1:32 Dewoitine D 520 GC I/3: S/Lt Hubert de Salaberry n° 115 code 8 - 05/1940, S/Lt Michel madon n° 90 code 2 - 06/1940, S/Lt Georges Blanck n° 70 code 5 - 05/1940, Adj AndrÈ Carrier n° 73 code 10 - 05/1940. BER48133



£10.20 £10.20 £10.20 £10.20

£12.70 £13.99 £7.40 £8.99 £4.99

Xtradecal X48182 1:48 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs-123B-1 (5) Fliegergruppe 50 1938 special markings for Adjutant Lt.Hamann who had just learnt to fly; L2+AC II.(Sch.)/ LG 2 Gruppen Kommandeur Hauptmann Otto Weiss France L2+1940; Red P 10 (Schl.)/LG 2 with yellow nose and rudder Balkans Campaign; Green 0 Adjutant 10(Schl.)/LG 2 with yellow fuselage band and wing tips Russia 1941; 24-2 Stuka Kette 88 Spain spring 1937; 1-50 Regimento Mixto No 1 based Alcala de Henares. Spain X72274 1:72 Spanish Civil War Condor Legion Pt 1 (8) Bf-109B-1 6.29 2.J/88 1937 RLM70/71/65; Bf-109D 6.56 Hauptmann Gotthard Handrick Stab.J/88 1938 RLM 63/65; Ar-68E 9.2 Stab, Jagdgruppe J/88 1938 RLM63/65; He-51B-1 2.85 3.J/88 Oberleutnant Eduard Neumann 1937; Hs-123 24.5 Teufel Stukakette 88 1938 RLM662/63/65; CR..32 24a Sqa XVI Gruppo Caccia, Sgt Maggiore Gianlino Baschirotto 1937 Sand/green mottle; CR.32 1a Escuadrilla de Caza of Aviacion del Tercio 'Monico/ Presente' Giuseppe Cenni 1936 Sand; He-112V-9 8.2 2.J/88 Hpt Harro Harder; Ju-87A-1 'Stuka' 29.2 'Jolanthe' Stukakette VJ/88 1938 RLM61/62/6365; Ju-87B-1 29.7 5.K/88 1939 RLM70/71/65; X72275 1:72 Spanish Civil War Condor Legion Pt 2 (8) Bf-109B 6-10 2.J/88 Ernst Mratzek 1937 RLM62/65; Bf-109B-2 6-27 1.J/88 1938 RLM63/65; Bf-109E-3 6-111 /Barchen 2.J/88 Lt Werner Ursinus 1937 RLM63/65; He-51B-1 2-78 3.J/88 Staffelkapitan Adolf Galland 1937 RLM63/65; Fiat CR.32 3-3 NC183 3a Squadriglia, 1 Gruppo Caccia 1936; CR.32 White 5 X Gruppo Autonomo Caccia 'Baleari’ Palma 1936, Sand/ brown/green; Fiat G.50 1-1 Gruppo Sperimentale Caccia Major M.Bonzano 1939; Hawker Hispano Fury 4W-1 captured ex Republican 1938; X72278 1:72 Suez Campaign 1956 (8) Hunter F.5 WP130/S 34 Sqn RAF Nicosia; Avenger TBM-3W 9.F15/'15' Aeronautique Navalle on Aeromanchez; Sea Venom FAW.21 WW189/451/J 892 NAS on HMS Eagle; F-84F Thunderstreak 290/29/1-NX EC1/1 Corse Israel DF 200 Sqn; Sea Hawk FGA.6 WM933 B/463 804 NAS HMS Bulwark; F4U-7 Corsair 12.F.12/15 Flottille 12F Aeromanches; MD.459 Ouragan 28 113 Tqajeset Ha Tsira IDF Hatzor Israel; Canberra B.2 WH667 10 Sqn RAF Nicosia X72280 1:72 Henschel Hs-123A-1/Hs-123B-1 (6) Fliegergruppe 50 1938 special markings for Adjutant Lt.Hamann who had just learnt to fly; L2+AC II.(Sch.)/LG 2 Gruppen Kommandeur Hauptmann Otto Weiss France L2+1940; Red P 10(Schl.)/LG 2 with yellow nose and rudder Balkans Campaign; Green 0 Adjutant 10(Schl.)/ LG 2 with yellow fuselage band and wing tips Russia 1941; 1-50 Regimento Mixto No 1 based Alcala de Henares. Spain

1:72 Cessna 310D 1:72 DH84 Dragon 1 'Iolar' 1:72 RANA DH84 Dragon 2 1:72 DH90 Dragonfly

£42.75 £71.26 £71.26 £67.56

AIM - Transport Wings Aircraft kits (mixed-media) TWL7213000 1:72 Back in stock! Airbus A310 Base kit.


Airfix Aircraft kits (injection) AX03088 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-262A-1a Schwalbe New Tool AX05133 1:48 Curtiss Tomahawk Mk.II

£12.99 £20..99

AX08018 1:72 Boeing Flying Fortress MK.III AMG Aircraft kits (injection) AMG72403 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109B-1 with etched and resin parts and paint mask AMG72405 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109C-1 with etched and resin parts and paint mask AZ Model Aircraft kits (injection) AZM7566 1:72 Fairey Fulmar Mk.II (ex-Vista) with p/e + PUR parts AZM7567 1:72 Fairey Fulmar NF Mk.II (ex-Vista) with p/e + PUR parts





£8.50 £30.99

£19.99 £19.99

£14.99 £14.99


Rocket interceptor study 1949/1950

1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX/Mk.XVI (sprues only), 3 sets

Azur Aircraft kits (injection) AZUR4532 1:32 Re-released! Curtiss-Hawk H-75A-1 / H-75A-3 Hawk in French Service £47.60 Dekno Aircraft kits (resin) GA720602 1:72 de Havilland DH-87B Hornet Moth.


Eduard Aircraft kits (injection) EDK11111 1:48 Supermarine Spitfire Israeli AF EDK7039 1:72 Fokker Dr.I ProfiPACK EDK82111 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 late series ProfiPACK with Erla canopy EDK82132 1:48 Royal_Aircraft_Factory S.E.5a with Hispano Suiza ProfiPACK EDK84161 1:48 Bell P-39K/N Weekend edition kit of P-39K/N in 1/48 scale FLY Aircraft kits (injection) YLF48011 1:48 Ansaldo SVA.9

£38.80 £12.99 £32.30 £25.80


HobbyBoss Aircraft kits (injection) HB81712 1:48 Sukhoi SU-27 Flanker Early Version HB81738 1:48 BAe Hawk MK.1/1a Red Arrows HB81744 1:48 A-1B (AMX) Trainer Aircraft HB81764 1:48 Douglas A-4E Skyhawk HB85806 1:48 Noth American P-51D Mustang IV HB87264 1:72 Douglas C-47D Skytrain

£49.99 £33.99 £33.99 £37.99 £12.99 £37.99

ICM Aircraft kits (injection) ICM48902 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-25RB


Italeri Aircraft kits (injection) IT2777 1:48 Lockheed F-104G/S Starfighter


Kinetic Model Kits Aircraft kits (injection) K48054 1:48 Dassault Mirage IIID/DS


Kovozavody Prostejov Aircraft kits (injection) KPM4801 1:48 Sukhoi Su-25UTG Frogfoot-B (ex-KOPRO/OEZ) PUR parts, correct set for rear fuselage and vertical surfaces, masks, p/e fret £34.40 KPM4802 1:48 Sukhoi Su-25UBK Frogfoot-B (ex-KOPRO/OEZ) PUR parts, correct set for rear fuselage and vertical surfaces, masks, p/e fret £34.40 Lukgraph Aircraft kits (resin) LUK3210 1:32 Lublin R-XIIID 1:32 scale resin kit


MARK I Models Aircraft kits (injection) MKM720-05 1:720 Zeppelin LZ127 'Graf Zeppelin (DELAG, DZR) £26.40 Micro-Mir Aircraft kits (injection) MM48-013 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-23 'Flora'


MPM Aircraft kits (injection) MPM72515 1:72 Re-released! Douglas DC-2 KLM and Luftwaffe £34.60 Revell Aircraft kits (injection) RV3929 1:144 Airbus A400M "Luftwaffe"


SBS Model Aircraft kits (resin) SBSK7016 1:72 Macchi MC.72 'Early Version'


Sharkit Aircraft kits (resin) SHAR7273 1:72 Back in stock! Sud Est Aviation X-207. Ramjet/

MKM720-05 1:720 Zeppelin LZ127 'Graf Zeppelin £26.40


Silver Wings Aircraft kits (resin) SVW32019 1:32 Reggiane Re.2000 Falco


ASQ72136 ASQ72139 ASQ48074

Sova-M Aircraft kits (injection) SVM-72001 1:72 N.G.Firebird OPV with antennas and sensors 2 variants of assembling (different equipment) SVM-72002 1:72 N.G.Firebird OPV with reconnaissance containers 3 variants of assembling (2 types of reconnaissance containers) SVM-72003 1:72 N.G.Firebird UAV concept 4 "air-to-ground" missiles+ container SVM-72004 1:72 Beechcraft 1900D Northern Thunderbird Air C-FDTR SVM-72005 1:72 Beechcraft 1900C-1 Ambulance F-GVLC SVM-72012 1:72 IAR IAR-81C (no.320, 323, 343, 344) 4 variants SVM-72013 1:72 IAR IAR-80A (no.109, 31) 2 variants

ASQ72126 £24.99


Special Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) SH48090 1:48 Re-released! Albatros C.III SH72044 1:72 Re-released! CAC CA-12 Boomerang SH72112 1:72 Re-released! Not available since 2010! C-60 Lodestar. SH72113 1:72 Re-released! Fokker D.XXI SH72141 1:72 Re-released! Blackburn Roc Mk.I SH72311 1:72 Re-released! Hispano HA-1112 M-1L Buchon 'Movie Star'

£28.99 £28.99 £13.60 £13.60

£28.99 £14.60 £22.99 £15.50 £17.99 £14.60

Welsh Models Aircraft kits (resin) WHMT51R 1:144 HP Hastings C.Mk3 Royal New Zealands Air Force - resin kit with metal parts £50.99 WHPJW94R 1:144 Avro Andover 780-RAF Middle East-resin kit with metal parts £41.00 WHPJW96R 1:144 Avro Andover 780 RAF Raspberry ripple resin kit with metal parts £41.00 WHSL368R 1:144 Back in stock! Shorts Skyvan " BAS Interstol. British Air Services livery. Resin kit with metal parts to complete. £35.99 WHSL388R 1:144 Hawker-Siddeley HS-125-700B-Kuwait Airways VIP flight-full resin kit + metal landing gear £35.99 Aircraft kits (resin and vacform) WHPJW98P 1:144 H.S. Hastings C. Mk1 / T.Mk.5 RAF decals for circa 1950/ 1956 & 1976 Vacform fuselage, resin major parts, metal undercarriage and propellers £42.99 WHSL390P 1:144 Boeing 767-200 American Airlines Vac fuse/resin £59.50

NEW ACCESSORIES AIM - Ground Equipment Diorama accessories GE72201 1:72 USAF MOP - GBU-57 Massive Ordnance Penetrator AML Aircraft conversions (resin) AMLA3207 1:32 Avia S-199 Mule conversion set (Revell) AMLA3212 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VB-wing cannons (Revell) AMLA4854 1:48 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vc/Mk.VIIIC-wing cannons (Airfix) AMLA7250 1:72 Bristol Beaufighter Mk.I / Mk.VI early - flat tailplane (Airfix) AMLA7251 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VB-conversion set (Airfix) AMLA7252 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VC/Mk.VIIICconversion set (Airfix) Attack Squadron Aircraft detailing sets (etched) ASQ72132 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Cockpit Upgrade PE (Hasegawa) Aircraft detailing sets (resin)

MM48-013 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-23 'Flora' £23.99

RR7205005 1:72 RANA DH84 Dragon 2 £71.26

SBSK7016 1:72 Macchi MC.72 'Early Version' £39.99

ASQ72138 ASQ72140 ASQ72142

1:72 Grumman F-14A/F-14B/F-14D Tomcat Ventral Fins 1:72 PZL P.7a Propeller (Arma Hobby) 1:72 PZL P.23/PZL P.42 Karas Propeller for IBG 1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-16C/F-16D Block 40 and later Wheel set 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier Wheels (Hasegawa) 1:72 PZL.23/PZL.42 Karas Wheels for IBG 1:72 Grumman F-14D Tomcat Wheels set 1:72 Lockheed-Martin F-16C/F-16D Block 40 and later Wheel set

£1.99 £1.50 £1.50 £4.99 £5.50 £2.99 £3.99 £3.99



Great Wall Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) GWHL7201 1:72 McDonnell F-15E Strike Eagle NEW TOOLING £29.99

ICM48902 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-25RB £37.50




£25.99 £7.10 £6.10 £4.60 £4.60 £4.60


CMK/Czech Master Kits Aircraft detailing sets (resin) CMK7367 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 cockpit set (Airfix) £6.99 CMK7375 1:72 Nakajima Ki-84-I (Ko) Hayate 'Frank' " Armament Set (Hasegawa) £9.20 CMK7376 1:72 Nakajima Ki-84-I (Ko) Hayate 'Frank' " Control Surfaces (Hasegawa) £6.99 CMK5122 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero " Armament Set (Hasegawa kits). £18.70 Diorama accessories (resin) CMK7365 1:72 MA-1A USAF Start Cart. £9.20 Eduard Aircraft detailing sets (etched) ED32409 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A undercarriage (Trumpeter) £22.60 ED32410 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A exterior (Trumpeter) £22.60 ED32411 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A air brake (Trumpeter) £12.99 ED32913 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A interior (Trumpeter) £19.40 ED33175 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A seatbelts STEEL (Trumpeter) £6.50 ED48930 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang exterior (Airfix) £9.70 ED48931 1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M4 exterior (Hobby Boss) £19.40 ED48932 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I wing bomb bays (Airfix) £7.20 ED48933 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-4 (Eduard) £12.99 ED49853 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang interior (Airfix) £16.20 ED49855 1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M4 interior (HobbyBoss) £19.40 ED73610 1:72 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga (Frances) (Hasegawa) £19.40 EDFE853 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Airfix) £9.70 EDFE854 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang seatbelts STEEL (Airfix) £5.20 EDFE855 1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M4 (HobbyBoss) £12.99 EDFE856 1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M4 seatbelts STEEL (HobbyBoss) £6.50 EDFE857 1:48 Seatbelts IJN fighters STEEL £5.20 EDSS609 1:72 Sukhoi Su-34 (Trumpeter) £9.70 EDSS610 1:72 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga (Frances) (Hasegawa) £9.70 EDSS612 1:72 Seatbelts IJN fighters STEEL £5.20 Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) EDCX492 1:72 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga (Frances) (Hasegawa) £7.20 EDEX560 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Airfix) £6.50 EDEX561 1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M4 (HobbyBoss) £8.40 EDJX204 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-29A (Trumpeter) £8.40 Eduard Big-Ed Aircraft detailing sets (etched) EBIG49178 1:48 Sukhoi Su-25UB/UBK (SMER) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... EDEX553 Su-25UB/ UBK ED48926 Su-25UB/ UBK exterior ED49835 Su-25UB/ UBK interior EDFE836 Su-25UB/ UBK seatbelts STEEL £41.99 EBIG49179 1:48 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite (Kitty Hawk Model) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... EDEX554 Super Seasprite ED49834 Super Seasprite EDFE837 Super Seasprite seatbelts STEEL ED49847 Super Seasprite cargo interior £43.30

SHAR7273 1:72 Back in stock! Sud Est Aviation X-207 £43.99

SVM-72002 1:72 N.G.Firebird OPV £24.99

SVW32019 1:32 Reggiane Re.2000 Falco £41.99


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British DTD Paint Material Specifications 1936 – 1945


uring the course of my articles dealing with the camouflage of British military aircraft, I have made frequent reference to the various Air Ministry Directorate of Technical Development (DTD) Specifications for aircraft finishing materials. It has been suggested that a short summary of these specifications might be useful. The listing given here for the Second World War period is arranged in numerical order. Contrary to what was implied on page 79 of the author's book 'Battle for Britain' these specifications along with the letter suffix 'C', which denoted a Cellulose finish or 'S' which denoted a Synthetic finish, were not marked upon the aircraft until 1942. The DTD Specification Number marking was introduced by DTD Technical Circular No. 293 entitled 'Identification of Camouflage Finishes' dated 28 June 1942. The letter 'C' or 'S', which appears at the end of the following paragraphs, denotes a Cellulose or Synthetic finish respectively. DTD 63A Material Specification for Cellulose Enamels and Primer, which could be used on metals or timber, was issued in April 1939. Originally specified to have a glossy finish, the specification was changed in March1940 to have 'reduced gloss' to give a smooth satin finish pending the introduction of Type 'S' finishes in the other DTD specifications in use at that time. It superseded the original DTD 63 of March 1927. (C) DTD 83A Material Specification for Cellulose based Aeroplane Doping Schemes for application to fabric was issued in December 1935. The primer was pigmented with red oxide of iron to prevent the fabric rotting and where this seeped through the fabric so as to be visible from the inside, it bestowed something between a pinkish hue to a proper dull red appearance on the interior. It superseded the original DTD 83 of November 1927. (C) DTD 260A Material Specification for Pigmented Oil Varnishes and Primer for use on Metal and Timber. The original date of issue of this Specification is unknown, but it was reprinted in April 1940 superseding the original DTD 260 of May 1935. Both DTD 260 and 260A were specified to have a smooth glossy finish. (S)

DTD 308, all the other colours to this Specification were dropped. Some aircraft manufacturers such as Bristol however continued to use DTD 308 on the production line until at least 1943. (C) DTD 314 Material Specification for Matt Pigmented Oil Varnishes and Primer was issued in September 1936 and was specified to have a matt finish. (S) DTD 420 Material Specification for Matt Pigmented Lanolin and Resin Finishes was issued in March 1940. This finish was intended for Flying Boats as the lanolin finish was more resistant to the corrosive effects of salt water than any of the other finishes of the day and was specified to have a matt finish. (S) DTD 441 Material Specification for Matt Finish Distemper was issued in August 1940. This finish was intended as a temporary finish that could be removed by scrubbing with hot water so as to leave the original paint finish undamaged. It would appear to have only been provisioned in a limited number of colours. In September 1942 these were Dark Earth, Dark Green, Night, Special Night, White and Sky. (S) DTD 517 Material Specification for Matt Pigmented Synthetic Resin Primer and Finish (Quick Drying) was issued in December 1941. This material was specified as having to be 'hard dry' in not more than three hours in contrast to DTD 314 which was to be 'hard dry' in not more than eight hours. Initially used by the FAA who found the rapid drying time an advantage aboard ship, its use began to spread to the RAF from the end of 1942 when Supermarine

DTD 308 Material Specification for Matt Cellulose Finishes and Primer for use on Metal or Timber was issued in July 1936 and was specified to have a matt finish. From the end of 1941, DTD 308 was merged with DTD 83A within the RAF Vocabulary of Stores and with the exception of the Primer to


By Paul Lucas

adopted it for the Spitfire in place of the DTD 308 finish, which had been used up until then, as it was found to give a smoother, performance enhancing finish whilst also saving scarce Cellulose based materials. (S) The DTD 750 series of Specifications were re-formulated Cellulose finishes issued in June 1945 intended for application to fabric covered aircraft such as the Mosquito and Warwick in tropical areas, principally the Far East. Though available from June 1945, the DTD Specifications themselves were not issued until April 1946 under the auspices of the Ministry of Supply. (C) RDM 2 and RDM 2A were Specifications issued in 1939 and 1940 respectively for the finish known as Special Night. This was intended as a special antisearchlight, finish which contained a coarsely ground carbon black pigment. The different specification numbers signified a difference between the chemical composition of the two finishes. Both appeared as an identical finish when applied to an aircraft, which can be colloquially described as a sooty black. (C)

Type S and Type M With the exception of RDM Special Night, those camouflage finishes to DTD 83A, DTD 308 and DTD 314 that had been specifically formulated as camouflage finishes were supposed to bestow a smooth matt finish. It became apparent however that whilst such a finish was obtainable under carefully controlled conditions when applied by

an experienced painter, the demands of aircraft production were such that there were insufficient facilities or personnel available to make such a finish practicable under wartime conditions. When it became apparent that the rough finish that was being applied to the majority of production aircraft exerted a debilitating effect on performance, it was discovered that it was possible to rectify this problem partly post production by physically rubbing the paint finish down with abrasive materials. This however was very time consuming and thus slowed the rate of production so it was decided to modify the formulation of the paint to use a more finely ground pigment and thus bestow a smoother finish in the first instance. Therefore from March 1940 the pigment size of the finishes to DTD 83A, DTD 308 and DTD 314 was more finely ground to give a smoother, though less matt finish. At the same time, the requirement for obligatory merging of the camouflage colours at their boundaries was suspended with a hard edge produced by masking becoming acceptable. Whilst no change was made to the nomenclature of the DTD Specifications, it was decided that to distinguish the new finish from the old, original matt finish, the new smoother finish would be suffixed 'Type S'. Thus from the spring of 1940 all top coat aircraft finishes other than Special Night were 'Type S'. When the new finish was fully established, the 'Type S' suffix was dropped from the nomenclature. The 'Type S' suffix in this context, e.g. 'Sky Type S' should not be confused with the DTD Specification 'S' suffix as applied to an aircraft such as The Type M finish was relatively short lived, only existing from approximately January to October 1942. The Type M finish was introduced as an upper surface camouflage material for use on night flying aircraft, principally in Bomber Command. Whilst it was produced in the standard Temperate Land Scheme colours of Dark Green and Dark Earth, the pigments were ground to the same size as that of Special Night with the intention of bestowing upon the aircraft an extremely matt finish overall. As the Luftwaffe's Night Fighter force began to gain in potency during 1942, the loss of performance that resulted from the application of a Type M finish to Bomber Command aircraft led to both the type M finish on the upper surfaces and the Special Night finish on the under surfaces being deleted and replaced by Type S materials.




Kit No: 02899

Boulton Paul Defiant F Mk1

Scale: 1/48

By Huw Morgan

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Trumpeter Pocketbond/Squadron


The kit's decals. Note the overly bright colours

The two schemes offered in the kit

he Boulton Paul Defiant deserves a better press than it appears to have had. Conceived in the early 1930s, when the experiences of aerial warfare in World War I weren't so distant, it suffered from a lack of visionary thinking by its primary customer, the Air Ministry. In the 1914-18 conflict, the combination of a pilot to fly the plane and a gunner to shoot the enemy down using flexibly aimed weapons had met with significant success by the British combatants using types like the Bristol F2b. The concept was carried forwards through Air Ministry Specification F.9/35 for a modern equivalent, that is for a substantial airframe mounting traversable offensive weapons, epitomised by a turret mounted array of four rifle calibre machine guns. The lack of visionary thinking arose from the failure to recognise the trend amongst the future axis countries towards fast, manoeuvrable single seaters with powerful forward firing weaponry, which could literally run rings around the F.9/35 adherents. Trumpeter's kit arrives in a typically sturdy box with atmospheric box art that looks to represent the high point in the Defiant's war record, when on the 29th May 1940 over the Channel during Dunkirk, Defiants of 264 Squadron claimed thirty seven German aircraft, including two Bf 109s, largely due to the element of surprise generated by four 0.303 Brownings shooting back during the then conventional Luftwaffe attacks from above and behind. Inside the box are three sprues holding sixty seven plastic parts, a clear sprue of nine parts and a small photo etch fret. The decal sheet covers two airframes: • TW-H/L7009 Cock of the North of 141

Squadron, probably in July 1940, in RAF day fighter green/brown/grey. • DZ-Z/N3328 of 151 Squadron in early 1941, in overall Night with red codes and an unusual shark mouth and eyes on the nose The plastic parts are very cleanly moulded in the increasingly popular style where the sprue gates attach on mating faces or glue lines, making part clean-up simple. Externally there are restrained recessed panel lines, rivets and fasteners, and some evident slide mould sophistication in the hollow gun barrels and exhausts, although fewer than seventy parts for a 1/48 two seater implies some simplification of detail. There's no help in the kit photo etch parts either, since they only provide a rather coarse mesh for the radiator front and the turret basket skirt, perhaps a slightly strange choice, since pilot's and gunner's belts would have been more helpful. There's a five piece cockpit tub including side walls with strong detail and a rather plain seat. The clear parts offer a two piece pilot's canopy, although at first sight the sliding part is too narrow to be posed open and the turret glazing is only provided in the closed-up configuration, with the difference in diameter between the gun shield part and the opening rear segments not being as emphasised as it should be. Frame lines are clearly defined, so masking should be straightforward. Smaller parts like the undercarriage are well rendered, the separate undercarriage doors and tail wheel being an advance on the Airfix kit, and overall the engineering looks like it will result in a trouble free, well fitting build. Unfortunately the decals are all but unusable for anything approaching an accurate representation. The schemes are okay though a bit obvious, but the colours of the red, yellow

The cockpit is made up of separate panels and a seat

Surface detail is sharp and finely rendered

Some preliminary markings for the fuselage correction have been mapped out on the plastic

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The fabric effect on the control surfaces is rather overdone


The Barracudacast wheels and the Quickboost doors add some finesse The clear parts are thin and blemish free although out of the box the canopy and turret can only be shown closed and grey of the decals are way off reality, being far too bright. Trumpeter's instructions look straightforward although uninspiring, not offering any history of the aircraft or details of the marking options, with the information above coming from my references, and colour call outs for Mr Hobby Aqueous only in a very general sense. There's very little guidance on detail parts painting. The ten assembly stages are clear and unambiguous, consistent with the modest parts count. All of the above notwithstanding the kit has a few shape issues, particularly around the rear fuselage where the cross-section is wrong. Close to the turret the fuselage sides are too curved and too high, sweeping down to the tail whereas on the real aircraft the upper fuselage is trapezoidal in cross section, with a break line level with the bottom edge of the turret, and when in the retracted position, the rear turret fairing forms the flat top of this trapezium. The rear fuselage is also too broad just in front of the horizontal tail, adding to the impression of excess bulk. Finally, Trumpeter have moulded a fabric effect on the control surfaces that is rather overdone. At the time of writing the aftermarket doesn't recognise the Trumpeter kit at all, although there are a few bits available for the Airfix kit that may fit. I got my hands on the Eduard photo etch set ED49743, Barracudacast wheels BR48308, Quickboost undercarriage doors QB48773, AML 6 stub late exhausts AMLA4852 and, crucially, new decals for six schemes from Xtradecal X48157. The Xtradecal sheet includes six schemes, four in all

Comparing the kit decals with the Xtradecal sheet shows up the off colours of the former Night, one in Extra Dark Sea Grey/Dark Slate Grey/Sky with yellow ASR pods, and one Polish aircraft in Dark Green/Dark Earth/Black: • Defiant Mk1 V1116/JT.H. 256 Squadron RAF Colerne. February 1941 • Defiant Mk1 N3340/YD.D. 255 Squadron RAF Kirton-in-Lindsey, 1941 • Defiant NF Mk2 AA583/ZJ.M. 151 Squadron RAF Wrexham, June 1942

Eduard's brass for the Airfix kit has a few usable bits, notably seatbelts

• Defiant NF Mk1 V1110/RA.H. 410 Canadian Squadron RAF Drem, 1941 • Defiant ASR. Mk1 V1121/BA.O. RAF Stapleford Tawney, August 1942 • Defiant Mk1 N3437/EW.K. 307 Polish Squadron RAF Jurby, October 1941 I'd thought originally of building an all black aircraft, but a routine trip to the Cumbrian coast at Maryport some ten kilometres from where we live, on a pin-sharp day, showed up the Isle of Man in startling clarity. N3437 based at Jurby was suddenly front and centre.

Here's one half of the fuselage cut in order to replace the rear fairing

Building the Kit The first thing to say is that this could potentially be a quick and easy build out of the box. Unfortunately, having spotted some of the shape issues and missing detail I couldn't resist adding a few bits and pieces as I went along. I prepainted all the cockpit parts and fuselage interior with Mr Hobby H58 Interior Green and added some of the coloured photo etch instrument panels and

placards from the Eduard set. Unfortunately the multilayer etched main panel won't fit as the Airfix cockpit is clearly significantly wider, so I used the kit's decal over the contoured plastic panel painted black instead, which I was pleased with. I drilled a slot in the seat back for the Eduard belts and added some wear using a piece of sponge dipped in Vallejo


The control surfaces have an overdone fabric effect. Here the rivet detail has been masked prior to heavy applications of primer

After four coats of primer and sanding in between, the fabric effect is more muted




The thick fuselage sides mean that there's an unsightly gap around the turret base aluminium. The throttle box on the port inner wall was fitted out with some representational wire throttle and pitch levers and I found a decal from a generic Airscale set for the prominent compass face on the rudder pedal post, using the Eduard rudder pedal straps for the cut-down plastic pedals. A thin wash of Burnt Umber oil paint and the cockpit is ready to be assembled.

Here are the cockpit parts before assembly. Some of the Eduard panels have been used and detail added with wire

The radiator and oil cooler baths are hollow, the former having a crude mesh to add. Both were blocked off with plastic card

It's at this point one gets a clue as to the quality of the moulding and engineering of the kit, with the cockpit parts literally dovetailing together into a rigid tub that barely needs glue, the whole lot clicking into place in the fuselage halves. The space behind the pilot's seat is rather bare, so I took the opportunity to add some additional framing and the prominent diagonal braces, which are visible through the side panels. Not knowing when to stop, I also made a simple representation of the fairing retraction jack from tube and wire. At this stage the instructions would have you close up the fuselage halves, but having decided to improve the shape of the rear fuselage, it was time to be brave and wield the razor saw. Having studied loads of pictures and drawings, and transferred measurements to the plastic (only to wipe them off again) I chose to cut just above the prominent rivet line on the kink of the fuselage just above the low point of the turret fairing, running the cut parallel to the rivets to the frame line two frames ahead of the fin. Before making up the replacement fuselage spine, I concluded that the turret would be the main datum for its shape and size, so jumped ahead in the instructions.


The cockpit fits very well into the fuselage and here the additional detail behind the cockpit and the thinned fuselage alongside the turret can be seen

The Boulton Paul Type A MkII.D quad turret was fearsomely complex (and heavy!) with full power controls for elevation and traverse, and a reasonable punch from the four 0.303 guns. Lowering the rear ventral fairing and the between cockpit fairing allowed a high degree of coverage of the upper threat hemisphere, but as the early months of the war progressed, power traverse and elevation quickly became no match for aggressive manoeuvring by opponents. Trumpeter's rendition of the turret isn't half bad. Most of the gun laying equipment and instrumentation is there, albeit slightly heavy handed. Trying to be smart I thought I'd build up the turret basket without fitting it to the

turret ring, planning to fit it at the end of the build. So much for planning! Built up, the turret gubbins won't fit through the ID of the turret ring, which is probably excessively beefy, since it would have done in real life, so I ended up filing a couple of grooves to allow the floor frames to slide through. Fortunately these would be hidden once the gun base was fitted. Both twin gun mounts appear to be identical mouldings, which means that when fitted, the asymmetry of the gun trunnions shows up. Separately handed mouldings are really needed. Before finally fixing the turret together, I'd taken the kit's turret ring as something to build the rear fuselage around. Not only would this influence the shape of the rear fuselage deck/fairing, but also the way the fuselage was shaped around the sides of the turret. Here, moulding limitations mean that the fuselage sides are rather thick, forcing Trumpeter to make the turret base ring smaller than it should be and leaving an ugly step and gap quite unlike the fine edge on the real thing. To go some way to remedying this, I bulked out the lower turret ring with plastic strip and carved away the inner fuselage sides, matching the two so that in fact, the turret ring would only fit in one optimised position. With an eye to the future, I'd chosen this and the subsequent position of the turret internals such that the turret would be traversed to around forty five degrees, requiring that the aft fairing be in the retracted position. With the turret ring now fitting more closely, I could go ahead and close up the fuselage and build up the rear decking from 0.75mm thick plastic card and strip assembled onto some false bulkheads, sealing the edge joints with superglue so they could be rounded. The central fairing top was made slightly rounded over some scribed grooves on the underside, to represent the wood/fabric structure. Before going on to the wing and tail, I'd attempted to reduce the impact of the overdone fabric effect by masking off the tail planes and fin alongside the elevators and rudder to protect the panel lines and rivet detail, and then applying several heavy coats of Halfords primer, rubbing down the ribs between coats, and so gradually filling the hollow bits. Four cycles later and the effect is diminished, but not eradicated. The wing goes together entirely straightforwardly, and the only thing I did was to enlarge the recesses for the prominent landing

The main cabin has prominent perforated ribs and stringers, plastic card was used to manufacture a representation

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The fuselage was cut to a point 36mm behind the turret ring and a new deck made of plastic card lights to represent the light reflectors. The fit of the wing to fuselage joint is excellent, despite my manipulation of the fuselage. The split flaps are provided as separate parts and can be posed open although there are only about half the number of internal ribs that there should be, but it's easy to add more from triangles of strip. My final tweaks before paint were to add internal blanking bulkheads to both radiator and oil cooler housings, since they're a bit transparent, otherwise and in order to have a reasonable chance of posing the sliding canopy open, remove the lumpy fixings from the frame behind the cockpit, drilling shallow holes to represent them instead. The canopy parts were fitted in the closed position as temporary masks.

Painting Having rambled on about the build, I'll not spend long on the description of painting, which is probably heretical but then it’s all been said before. The Dark Green/Dark Earth/Night scheme is entirely conventional, I didn't bother with preshading of the upper surfaces and used Mr Hobby H73 and H72 for the green and earth, masking with Blu-Tack worms, fading the colours with lightened versions and post shading with dilute Tamiya X-19 Smoke. For the Smooth Night I used Tamiya XF-1 black, with around 20% XF-7 red to add a brownish tone, and post shaded with straight XF-1. The Xtradecal markings went on without drama to a gloss surface courtesy of Mr Hobby H20, and were sealed in with a 50:50 H20/H30 mix. I decided that the Polish squadron aircraft would have been well looked after at Jurby, so only added minor weathering through the use of spot applications of brown, grey and green oil paints blended with

With the new deck in place, the fuselage sides can be made up to the correct shape

Fitting the new deck into position show significant chipping back to the base aluminium so a modest amount was added with a sponge around the most heavily trafficked areas. Final detailing holds no surprises. The undercarriage fits very well, detailed with the Barracudacast mud scrapers, drilled out torsion links and lead wire brake lines, and the resin wheels really make a difference. There are a few aerial masts to add, and the IFF antenna wires from the tail planes to the fuselage. Finally, the canopy can be prised from its temporary location, cleaned up and glued in a partially open pose.

The finished turret

Conclusions Despite its bad press this is not a bad kit. How it is viewed depends on what you're looking for. Trumpeter can't be faulted for their production of the plastic as it has fine surface detail, is very clean and the moulding and engineering is intelligent, leading to excellent fit. This kit would build easily and quickly straight out of the box, ideal for a newcomer to the hobby or the scale, or for someone who wants a trouble free canvas. That said, the kit clearly has some shape issues, though how many don't, the detail is inevitably simplified in some hard-to-see areas, and it's in the translation of real shape into plastic shape that Trumpeter's designers haven't got it right. The decals are probably the biggest drop-off since they're so visible. There are easy ways to improve what's offered in the box, using simple techniques, and to be honest I'd not bother again with the photo etch intended for the Airfix kit, the basic engineering is just too different. The Barracudacast wheels and Quickboost doors are worth it though, as most definitely is the Xtradecal sheet.

odourless thinners, and some pastel dust dirt on the wing roots. Wartime photos of other Defiants

Blu-Tack worms and tape was used to mask off for the Green and Dark Earth upper surface colours

Thanks to Pocketbond for the review kit, to Eduard for the etch and Hannants for the decals.

References Boulton Paul Defiant by Alan Hall, Warpaint Series 42 Boulton Paul Defiant by Mark Ansell, Mushroom Model Special 6117





Fast and Furious Hawker Sea Fury in Scale By Tim Skeet

The High Planes kit is finished as an 802 machine in immediate postwar finish


he Hawker Fury was the last of Hawker’s great line of piston engine fighters and was conceived as a lightweight Tempest Mk II. It first flew in 1944 and entered service after the war ended, as did the Tempest II. Powered by the Bristol Centaurus engine the Fury was one of the most powerful piston powered fighters to fly. The RAF considered the Fury, but in the end

persevered with the heavier Tempest II. It was the Navy that adopted the type and took it to war over Korea in the 1950s. Unlike many other postwar types, the Sea Fury did not fade away. It has remained alive in the public consciousness as a popular participant at the Reno air races. Moreover the Royal Navy Historic Flight has operated a variety

An interesting comparison between the Tempest II (Special Hobby kit), the Sea Fury’s predecessor, and the later design. The Sea Fury’s shorter span and cleaner lines are evident and show Hawker’s typical evolutionary approach to design progression

The old venerable Frog/Novo kit finished in the MiG killer Korean colours

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The High Planes and Frog kits side by side. The older Frog kit is showing signs of yellowing varnish as it was built some decades back The PM Model Sea Fury. I built one a long time ago and didn’t bother to get another

The 1/48 Hobbycraft Sea Fury in Korean finish. This was a nice kit in its day though has been out of production for some time but may be available online, although Trumpeter and now Airfix offer better more modern models of Sea Furys for many years in single and two seat versions. The Navy had ordered some 615 of the type, which served operationally until 1955 when it was replaced by jets. The land based Fury version also served with a few overseas air arms, notably Iraq, Pakistan and Cuba. The Sea Fury, and in particular the Centaurus sleeve valve engine, has got a bad reputation on account of the number of forced landings and crashes engine seizure has caused, the most recent being the spectacular forced landing at the Culdrose Air Day a few years ago. Engineers will suggest that the engine was in fact reliable in service if run and used on a regular basis but the somewhat less frequent running in civilian or heritage hands leaves it vulnerable. Accordingly many of the US Furys have been re-engined. Some of the US machines have also been much modified in other ways for racing and finished in spectacular schemes. High Planes produced several of these in kit form based on the 1/72 Sea Fury FB11 model looked at below.

Planes kit. Various other 1/48 kits have been marketed and Airfix are poised to release their offering imminently. I recently finished the High Planes Sea Fury to go alongside the old Frog and PM kits, which I had built some time ago. I have not tackled the Trumpeter version yet, but it can only be hoped that Airfix or Revell might be persuaded to produce the FB11 in 1/72 at some point.

Sea Fury in Model Form

The Frog/ Nova kit is very basic and to my mind not quite right. Nevertheless, when it arrived on the shelves it was a good addition to a line-up of Hawker’s fighter stable. The kit is very typical of the era in which it was produced, requiring extra detail and some filling and filing to produce a halfway useful result. I built one as a Korean War striped machine. I confess to being rather uninspired by this kit, and another sits in the attic but I am in no hurry to finish it. The PM Model Sea Fury is equally very rudimentary but was very cheap. With little detail it is a somewhat forgettable model. I knocked mine together some time ago, finished in the late service scheme, in flight mode. Its inclusion in this line up is only for comparison purposes.

The Sea Fury is a clean and elegant design. Sleeker in appearance than the Tempest II, the Sea Fury is yet another of those somewhat neglected postwar British types that has done relatively poorly in the 1/72 model stakes. Trumpeter have produced a kit in both 1/72 and 1/48, and Special Hobby currently list the two seat Baghdad Fury. Otherwise there is the old Frog/Novo FB11, the very basic PM Model, in single seat or two seat version, or the High

The High Planes kit, as usual with limited run models and High Planes kits in particular, gives you all you need but takes a bit of building. Once the chopping and filling is over the result is a good model. I happen to rather like High Planes kits, though they are not for the weekend builders. Over the years High Planes has filled some notable gaps in type line-ups. The level of detail is acceptable for the scale with metal parts and several decal options. There is a rudimentary


cockpit supplied though there is very little to see as the cockpit opening is so small. The wheel wells are nicely detailed and the metal leg struts are effective. Once finished in Xtracolor Extra Dark Sea Grey in the earlier postwar scheme with sky undersurfaces, the model takes on a purposeful look. The kit decals are for a Canadian machine and a Royal Navy Sea Fury. They go on nicely and offer a choice of dull or bright red roundel centres as there was a question over which version was used. I opted for the dull version. With metal tail hook added, wing tip pitot and whip aerial, the finished model requires only a semi gloss finish. Turning to the larger scale, the 1/48 Hobbycraft Sea Fury dates from the late 80s, although it was re-released somewhat later in the 1990s. It is typical of its time, basic but good in outline. The panel lines are a little deep but it serves as a good basis for a model of the type in this scale with only the older Falcon vacform kit being available prior to its arrival. Finished in the Korean War stripes and high demarcation line of camouflage, this Sea Fury kit scrubs up well, though will probably pale alongside the Trumpeter or forthcoming Airfix models in due course. With so many excellent and exotic types being offered in model form and with production standards rising sharply, it is only a matter of time before a cheap and state of the art 1/72 scale kit is made available of this clean Hawker design. Hopefully a couple of the type will go on showing off their performance at air shows across the country, and of course at Reno.




The Royal Navy Historic flight single seat Sea Fury. VR930 was flown originally in Korean War colours and is seen here some years ago in Duxford

A look at the exhausts and detail behind the cowling flaps, an area most kits so far have managed to avoid

The port wing root showing the demarcation for the classic FAA scheme that looks so right on these aircraft

A look at the sharp end and a closer study of the various intakes on the leading edge

VR930 shows off its wingf old to good effect at Duxford

VX281 is also finished in the early scheme as worn on a F.10 single seat fighter. It is still not flying following its accident in 2014 although it has been repaired

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