Vol 39 Issue 07 Sсаle Aircraft Modelling

September 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 07 www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com First and Best for Reference and Scale A Ranking Henschel in 1/48 Reserve A...

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First and Best for Reference and Scale September 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 07

www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com

Reserve Air Wing 91 at Squantum and South Weymouth

A Ranking Henschel in 1/48

Making a Mudhen Strike Eagle in 1/72 New from Academy

Great Snakes

SE.5a Wolseley Viper Eduard’s New Tool in 1/48

Savage Pencil

Dornier’s Winning Streak Airfix Do 17 in 1/72

Military & Civil Aviation – Military Weapons & Equipment – Naval Vessels

Dunkirk – Air Combat Archive S Parry The full and illustrated archive of RAF Fighter Command operations over Dunkirk, 21 May – 2 June 1940. Using contemporary accounts, rarely seen intelligence summaries and newly released casualty reports, the author and his team of experts have broken down each day into individual combats and list the claims and losses from both sides. SB 192pp £25.00

Messerschmitt Bf 109 : The Design and Operational History J Forsgren More than 33,000 Bf 109s saw service. This book takes an in-depth look at its design and operational history. HB 272pp £25.00

Library of Armed Conflicts 2 The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II. Germany’s Forgotten Ally E Martinez Looks at aviation in Bulgaria from the 1930s to WWII. SB 104pp £19.99

How to Build Airfix 1:24 Hawker Typhoon Mk.Ib Revised Second Edition B Green Revised and updated, this edition adds both Car Door and Bubbletop builds. SB 82pp £14.95

Wings over Wellesbourne Volume 2 1943-2013 (Vol.1 also available) J Pratley Superbly illustrated, pays tribute to those who lost their lives with 22 OTU during WWII. SB 239pp £15.00

British Military Jets K Darling Examines the RAF’s British-made combat jet aircraft after WWII and up to the cancellation of TSR-2 and the end of the British aircraft industry as it then was. SB 64pp £8.99

Aviation Classics F16 Fighting Falcon The Free World’s Most Popular Fighter This lavishly illustrated magazine charts the history of the F-16 through development to combat operations. SB 130pp £7.99

Polish Wings 22 Bristol F.2b Fighter: RAF Se5a, Sopwith 1f.1 Camel, Sopwith 5f.1 Dolphin, Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard J Swiatlon Tells the story of the famous British fighter. SB 80pp £15.00

SS10246 A-1 Skyraider in action D Doyle A detailed look at the A-1 Skyraider featuring numerous line drawings, colour profiles and archive photos. SB 80pp £14.99

The Dambusters : And the Epic Wartime Raids of 617 Squadron An insight into the wartime exploits of 617 Squadron, this book features a collection of paintings and drawings from the archives of the Military Gallery including works from some of the world’s most talented aviation artists. Special Order (2 weeks). HB 128pp £40.00

Airframe & Miniatures 10 The de Havilland Mosquito Part 2. Fighter, Fighter-Bomber & Night-Fighter including Sea Mosquito R Franks Contains 40 pages of technical info, walkarounds, technical drawings, camouflage and much more. SB 208pp £18.95

249 at Malta : RAF’s Top-Scoring Fighter Squadron B Cull Details the events of fighter battles over Malta in the years following the Battle of Britain. Particular emphasis is given to RAF 249 Squadron who claimed 245 air victories in the skies over Malta. B&W photos. SB 272pp £25.00

Battle Colors, Insignia and Tactical Markings of the Tenth, Fourteenth & Twentieth USAAFs China, Burma, India Theater of Operations and the Western Pacific Area R Watkins Covers unit emblems and tactical aircraft markings.1200 photos. HB 160pp £42.99

Naval Fighters 104 Brewster F2A Buffalo and Export Variants S Ginter The entire history of the Buffalo fighter aircraft covering its history and each variant in detail including those bought by Belgium, Finland, Netherlands and Great Britain. 390 B&W photos. SB 176pp £34.99

US Army Twin Beeches T Love One of the US Army’s best aircraft providers is Beech Aircraft of Wichita, Kansas. Beginning about the time of the Korean War and up to present day, the Army has utilized twin-engined Beech aircraft for an abundance of missions. HB 144pp £38.50

Russia’s Airlaunched Weapons Russian-made Aircraft Ordnance Today P Butowski A detailed account of all the types of weapon currently used on board Russian-made aircraft and helicopters. With 83 Colour photos, 24 tables, 6 pp drawings. SB 91pp £18.99

The de Havilland Mosquito : Through the Eyes of a Pilot D Ogilvy Provides an expert inside view of the secret development of the aircraft, its astonishing impact, operational achievements and much more. SB 96pp £14.99

Stirling to Essen: The Godmanchester Stirling: A Bomber Command Story of Courage and Tragedy R Leivers The story of a group of men in Bomber Command who flew the Short Stirling during WWII. HB 256pp £19.95

The Fairey Battle: A Reassessment of its RAF Career G Baughen The Fairey Battle is known for being one of the worst aircraft ever to serve in the RAF. This book takes a fresh look at the facts and documents of the time. HB 192pp £20.00

The Weathering Aircraft 6 Camouflage J Mira Looks at painting and weathering techniques for aircraft models and contains different techniques from creating your own masking to doing an entire camouflage scheme. SB 68pp £8.99

Fast Jets and Other Beasts: Personal Insights from the Cockpit of the Hunter, Phantom, Jaguar, Tornado and Many More I Hall The author tells the story of his duty in various fast jets throughout the world. HB 192pp £20.00

Lockheed C-130 and its Variants C Reed This revised, expanded edition chronicles the development and career of the world’s predominant military airlifter. Includes gunships, test-bed and special use aircraft and more. SB 144pp £28.99

Combat Aircraft 121 A-6 Intruder Units 1974-96 R Morgan Filled with first-hand accounts, profile artwork and photos, this is the complete story of the US Navy’s main medium attack aircraft in the latter part of the Cold War. SB 96pp £13.99

Modellers Datafile 28 Chance Vought 1-7 Corsair A Evans This datafile brings the story of the iconic A-7 to life, with background details, variants, operational roles, technical diagrams, colour artwork, walk-around photos. SB 200pp £19.95

Batailles Aeriennes 81 1917 La Grande Guerre FRENCH TEXT. La Grande Guerre 1917 guerre des ministers plus much more. SB 98pp £12.50-

Avions 218 Juillet/Aout 2017 FRENCH TEXT. Fairey Swordfish Le gardien de l’Atlantique Juin 1944, MV-22 Osprey, F-104 plus more. SB 82pp £12.00

Aero Journal 59 Berlin 1943-1944 Peur Sur La Ville FRENCH TEXT. Well illustrated with archive photos, line drawings and profiles. SB 82pp £6.90

Aero Journal Hors Serie (27) Heinkel HE 162 Volksjäger FRENCH TEXT. Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger and Strike and Strike again - the Banff Wing. SB 116pp £14.99

Flying into Danger: The Paul Brickhill Story J Ramsland A fascinating look at the troubled life story of wartime bravery and the price of fame. SB 300pp £9.95

RAF Acklington: Guardian of the Northern Skies M Fife Story of RAF Acklington, the most important fighter station in north-east England. SB 288pp £18.99

Spotlight On Yakovlev Yak-3 A Juszczak Presents detailed illustrations of the Yak-3 and over 40 colour plan and camouflage profile views. HB 48pp £19.00

Warpaint 111 Vought OS2U Kingfisher K Darling Detailed history of the Vindicator which includes history and development and more. SB 44pp £14.50

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DORNIER

Dornier’s Winning Streak By Karl Robinson

Cockpit parts and sub assemblies in their bare naked glory. Note the nice webbing detail on the right side seats

spread across a number of factories in Germany and a further seventy license built in Yugoslavia. Amongst the different variants of the Dornier 17 the Do17Z was the most widely produced with 887 airframes, making it the obvious choice for Airfix to base their new kit upon. Production ended in mid 1940 with the focus switching to the Junkers Ju 88, but a few airframes survived World War II and lumbered on with the Finnish Air Force until 1952 when they finally retired.

Once given a lick of paint and with some seat belts added the cockpit is superb out of the box for the scale, and in my opinion negates the need to look at aftermarket items on this one

Kit No: 05010 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Airfix www.airfix.com

T

The bomb bay is also very well detailed with wing structure and spars visible, but all will need painting before closing things up as access will be limited once done

he Dornier Do17 Flying Pencil (Fliegender Bleistift) was originally built in 1934 as a fast six passenger mail plane aimed for use by Lufthansa, but was rejected due to the cramped conditions of the narrow interior. The story goes that the three prototypes then sat unused for six months until Captain Untucht of Lufthansa came across them and flew one of them in an near aerobatic routine claiming that ‘the machine is as nimble as a fighter, give it more lateral stability and we'll have a high speed bomber!’ This led to much renewed interest in the type with Dornier making alterations to the airframe leading to its introduction as a light bomber in the Luftwaffe. Official production figures list a total of 2,139 airframes completed, 2,069 of which were

The detail continues into the undercarriage bays, which even have detailed faces to the firewall behind the engine even though this is completely enclosed and cannot be seen after construction

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Back in the heady days of 1972 Airfix first released their 1/72 Dornier Do17E/F kit, which despite being basic was fairly accurate in shape and could quite easily be polished into a nice model. After much longing and waiting we roll forward to 2015 and finally we get a further tooling of the Dornier Do17 from Airfix, the Z variant. Opening up the box on this new kit reveals that the two are like proverbial chalk and cheese in comparison. There is a definite sensation of oohing and ahhing when looking over the contents as it has been given some very close and careful attention in its design. For a small to medium sized twin engine aircraft there is quite a good parts count, 170 in all, while not breaking things down too far to make construction more difficult than it needs to be. Although saying that a slightly daunting seventy six steps of construction lay ahead. Jumping straight in takes you to dealing with a lot of the internal fuselage details on which, I am very pleased to say, Airfix have certainly not skimped in any fashion. Seventeen individual parts, along with moulded in sidewall detail,

DORNIER

Multiple part radial engines are provided which make up into nicely detailed examples once complete

Separate flying surfaces are provided on the tail planes to allow alternative positioning for which all possible deflection angles are shown in the instructions

Flaps are moulded to be displayed in the dropped position but can also be modelled up with ease as it just requires cutting off a few tabs and using alternative parts provided

Main cowlings are provided in three parts but make sure that they are correctly aligned with the gap on the front ring, as it is easy to get these mixed up

Each cowling has a T section that slots into the top but I found the exhaust ring prevented the back end sitting down properly. In order to correct this I chamfered down the back edges (see item on left) to allow a better fit

Masking up all the glasswork was time consuming and this is one of those occasions I would seriously suggest plumping for an Eduard masking set to save you much time, sanity and eye strain

Zig and Zag... The splinter scheme is applied using Mr Hobby Aqueous paints H64 and H65 representing RLM 70 and 71 with a little toning with lighter and darker shades to break up the monotony make up the cramped four seater cockpit. I found it was best to make up small sub assemblies, which could be easily handled for painting, and avoided damage. Just about the only things missing in the cockpit are seat belts, which I chose to make from cut out strips and shapes of painted up lead foil as it bends and shapes very realistically. It would be nice if manufacturers of 1/72 kits would include seat belts on their decal sheets as a simple option for those that cannot, or do not want, to make their own. The other out of the box option is to use the crew figures, four of which are provided in the kit and are moulded in two different seating positions, are well detailed and have separate left arms so that they can be posed appropriately. One point to watch out for is that in steps 5 and 6, which deal with making up the sidewalls and rear of the cockpit section, is that the parts sit at the correct angle so that they will slip

Options are provided for the bomb bay with a large fuel tank, two 500kg bombs and twenty 50kg bombs on racks included. I plumped for the twenty smaller bombs, with ten already installed on the port side

cleanly into the fuselage later in the build. Each of the sides has an angled slot into which it will sit to ensure correct alignment, both should angle out at around ten degrees or so, but they must sit cleanly into place and fully flush to work. Don’t use too much glue or the seating of the part will become sloppy as the plastic softens. The two right hand seats have some good webbed detail but are a little vague in their positioning. You can judge their correct position when looking at them from the front and making sure they are sitting as far inwards as they can be whilst the seat remains horizontal. Once the fuselage is closed up the final cockpit detail is to add the instrument panel, which is flat with details provided on a full panel decal. Great internal details are also present in the bomb bay with all internal ribbing moulded in and with the full structure of the wing being represented. Two wings spars also drop in prior to installing the top wing, which is moulded in a single large piece. I usually have reservations

about this kind of wing installation as the lower halves don’t always cleanly match up in place, leaving dodgy wing roots, but I was happily relieved to find the lower halves dropped perfectly into position requiring no further intervention for a perfect line along the root. Next comes installing the nacelles, which enclose the main undercarriage bays. These again are well produced and even have a fully detailed firewall behind the engine even though one side of it will be enclosed and never seen again. Despite comprising multiple parts it all goes together exactly as it says on the tin. So far it’s been a dream to build. Each of the radial engines are well rendered and again come in four separate parts, but the breakdown is perfectly sensible. Only the propeller hub front part is handed so make sure you keep them separate for the left and right engines. All other parts are identical and transposable. Each of the cylinder heads has enough detail straight out of the box to satisfy most and look good under just a simple coat of

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

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DORNIER

After applying a gloss coat using Tamiya acrylic X-22, it is time for decalling from the lovely Cartograf printed sheet. The design is very good with even the smallest stencils being readable

All panel lines were treated to an application of Mig AMMO Deep Grey enamel panel line wash. Once dried the excesses were removed and blended using a number six brush and enamel thinners

Four small clear parts need to be inserted into the upper fuselage, which I left out until the very end, fixing in with white glue. It is imperative to clean up the parts completely to allow a perfect fit

paint, but there is always scope for those wanting to detail things up more. Just take a little care as it is pretty easy to reverse the cylinder head parts around and stick them on the wrong side. I was amazed by how well the main cowlings fitted once they had been constructed, pushing tightly enough into place over the engine to not require gluing in place. Just to be safe though I ran a little Tamiya Extra Thin cement over the front edges to ensure it stayed put. Topping off the construction of the cowling is a T shaped section that drops onto the top of the engine and behind the exhaust pipes closing them in, and this was the only slight fit issue I ran into on the whole kit. Neither of the two would actually sit down flat into place as they did not seem to push down between the exhaust pipes properly, but this was easily rectified by chamfering the rear inner edges of the part so that they allowed more space for the angles of the pipes. With that sorted it dropped straight into place without difficulty. It is always nice to see options in a kit, and even better when they are well designed so that they do not compromise the ease of construction. All of the flying surfaces are moulded separately and can be posed in a variety of positions with all necessary angles of deflection shown clearly in the instructions. Fit was so good that I even left off the twin tails until the end of the build to ease painting. The flaps are moulded to be fitted in the dropped position but it is a simple case of removing a few fitting tabs and using alternative parts provided in the kit to close them up. The instructions would have you insert and construct all of the undercarriage at this point, but as there was nothing impeding it being fitted at the end of the build I left it all out. Why run the risk of breaking or damaging it when you do not need to, and when it is so easy to fit? I did have a little trouble deciding where exactly the tail wheel fitted into the glove provided, with the instructions not being completely clear. Initially I thought it was just butt joined against the inside, but after looking at the positioning of the real thing in photographs I realised that it gently hooked up into the back edge. When you mess around with it and it drops into the spot you can clearly see how it works, but it is not apparent beforehand. With so much glasswork surrounding the nose there is an abundance of masking ahead before you can move towards painting. I chose to mask mine up by applying small amounts of Tamiya masking tape to each window and gently following around the contour of the frame with a new sharp scalpel blade. Some areas of the framing are a little vague on the upper areas of the side windows. I initially cut them too low leaving a much too wide canopy

A little life was added to the tyre faces by brushing on a mixed application of pigments from Pinnacle including Industrial Dust, Debris and primarily European Earth colours. These were then fixed by touching enamel thinners with a pointed brush onto the top and allowing capillary action to work its magic

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frame, so had to go back and redo them, hoping that I hadn’t scored the glasswork too deeply for it to be distracting. Before popping on the clear parts, which I have to say sat beautifully in place without any difficulty, you need to add the six individual machine guns as they cannot be inserted from the outside. As so much detail is provided in the bomb bay it would be criminal to close it all up and forget about it. There are a number of ordnance choices that you can pick to place in the two halves. The front half can carry either a large fuel tank, a single 500kg bomb, or two side mounted racks each carrying five 50kg bombs, with the rear half having the choice of the two bomb types. Paints are all called out, as expected, from the Humbrol range but where a standard is used they are clearly included, such as RLM numbers. There are full colour A4 drawings showing the paint scheme but due to the very dark colours of the camouflage printing it is hard to see any panel or surface detail to correlate to when masking up the splinters, although everything else is spot on. The comprehensive Cartograf printed decal sheet includes full and readable stencilling, giving you an idea of the quality of print and design that has gone into it. Swastikas are unsurprisingly missing but these can be sourced from aftermarket sheets for historical accuracy. I combined the application of decals along with Microscale’s Set and Sol solutions and they behaved exceptionally well and settled into recessed and shaped detail very well. A few finishing touches to the model were to apply an enamel panel line wash, some exhaust staining from the pipes on the topside of the engine, and to give the tyres some life by brushing on a selection of appropriately coloured pigments. Two aerial wires were run from the cockpit antenna back to the tailfins using Uschi Van der Rosten’s superb rigging thread, in this instance the fine gauge. This is a wonderful addition as it is already coloured black, extremely thin and in scale, and is also elasticated so that you don’t keep snapping it off all the time with clumsy handling, as I am prone to doing. Airfix really have made a gem of a kit with this Dornier and it was truly a pleasure to build. It is a very long time since I have built a kit and not had to use any form of filler on anything other than the unavoidable seams on the fuselage, so it definitely gets top marks there. The level of detail really leaves the use of many aftermarket parts redundant apart from for those who are very picky. Essentially a set of seat belts is all that you need to add. Again, note to manufacturers, please try including a simple set of decal belts in your smaller scale kits, as I think it would be a winner.

E D I TO R I A L

THIS MONTH’S FEATURES: 4.

The Flying Pencil Dornier’s Winning Streak

4

By Karl Robinson

20.

Great Snakes Eduard’s SE.5a Wolseley Viper

20

By Dave Hooper

26.

Brigandage Bristol’s Last Twin

26

By Tim Skeet

32.

The Last Big MiG Mikoyan’s MiG E-152M By Ken Duffey

32 36.

Making a Mudhen Strike Eagle in Scale By Rick Greenwood

36 39.

Z and 7Z Reserve Air Wing 91 at Squantum and South Weymouth

39 52

Aircraft in Profile

By Jim Burridge With Colour Profiles by Mark Rolfe

52.

Colour Conundrum Another Malta Story Part One By Paul Lucas With Artwork by Mark Rolfe

56

56

High Tec

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an open. Worms everywhere… Roden’s C-5 is imminent and in the meantime the worthy members of SIG 144 have been tempting the Editor back into the fold with all manner of wonders. The scales are tipped this month by Huw Morgan’s astonishing Tomy UP-3C, and this has finally led to the small scale USAF collection being dusted off and put back into the cabinet. This includes an ancient Arii Orion painstakingly finished for another magazine some years ago, and the contrast between this prehistoric item and the Tomy Gashapon is profound. Needless to say this latest look into 1/144 has revived old frustrations, and while the new C-5 is a dream come true the chief issue currently facing the Editorial collection is the lack of decals for F-15s and F-16s. Wanting to amass a line-up of heavy metal – now possible thanks to Roden and Minicraft – the problem remains of how to complement them with the smaller machines that are so hard to find in our chosen scale. Miniwings have moved mountains with their Bird Dog and the upcoming Trojan, but the mainstream has disappointed in that the beautiful little F-15E and F-16 tooled by Revell only include one decal option in each, and in the case of the F-16 this is a gaudy ‘special’ scheme for the Texas ANG. Some of you may recall that the Editor’s goal is a line-up of F-16s in plain grey, each with a different tail code, as was presented by the USAF SIG in 1/72 at a Huddersfield Show in years gone by. The sight had a profound effect. Revell have issued a second boxing of the Eagle with a suitably plain colour scheme, but the F-16 still remains elusive. So, while Retrokit have catered very nicely for the 1/144 modeller, with resin inserts and upgrades for all sorts of items, no one is currently offering aftermarket decal sheets in 1/144 for the kind of aircraft with which the US has been touring the World for the last couple of decades. One might ponder how many extra sales Revell could achieve with a couple of extra marking options in the box – it only equates to about a square inch of decal sheet in 1/144 after all. So anyone out there interested in filling this admittedly tiny gap in the catalogue of available products may be assured of a sympathetic ear here. Just think how many Eagles and Falcons one could fit on an A5 sheet if one avoided all those tedious Tiger schemes. A chap can dream.

By Gary Hatcher Editor

It's Modelling but not as we know it By Huw Morgan

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Harrogate Model Club Gaspatch Henschel Hs 123A-1 By Gary Hatcher

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SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

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NEWS

Sorge reports to our Facebook page

Spread the NewS

It will not have escaped readers’ notice that we have been playing down the News-related sections of the magazine in the acceptance that with the best will in the World we cannot hope to compete in print with the Internet in this respect. Rather than trying to sell you dozens of pages of material that you probably read on a website three weeks ago we have been concentrating on including less time-sensitive material, and while we accept there are some readers who do not spend their lives on their computers we are satisfied that this is a better use of page space. Of course we will continue to run items that we regard as relevant and of interest, but the days

when it was appropriate to base an entire editorial policy around being ‘first with the news’ are past… In print at least. But SAM has been laying the ground for a comprehensive interaction with the Internet for years, and our Facebook page is currently one of the most active and wellrespected in the industry. Moving forward we aim to continue keeping the greater part of our readership informed on new releases through the Facebook medium and with this in mind we have asked our Newsman Richard Sorge to take responsibility for reposting press releases and

doctrine dictated that Naval fighters were two-seaters, simultaneous flying and navigating being deemed too much for a single pilot and designs therefore tended towards larger, heavier (and actually more robust) aircraft. In 1937 this environment resulted in a proposal from Fairey, based on its P.4/34 light bomber proving sufficiently interesting to warrant an order for a prototype fighter powered by a single Merlin engine, equipped with eight forward-firing 0.303” machine guns and space for a Telegraphist Air Gunner in the back. The resulting aircraft became the Fulmar, a rather overlooked but nonetheless vital stopgap until more capable aircraft became available, and which ended up being the most successful (in terms of kills) naval fighter of the war.

Fulmar Special hobby Fairey Fulmar mk II/NF mk II By huw morgan Scale: 1/72 Kit No: 72368 type: Injection Moulded Plastic manufacturer: Special Hobby www.specialhobby.eu The immediate pre-World War Two years were a turbulent period for British Naval aviation, the Royal Navy only assuming control of its own air resources in May 1939. Prior to this, Navy flying was under the auspices of the Fleet Air Arm branch of the RAF, who, with Air Ministry oversight, were responsible for aircraft procurement. In the mid-1930s, replacement of the Navy's biplane fighters was a relatively low priority, and the Blackburn Skua monoplane as prime candidate was destined to prove an unmitigated disappointment. Contemporary

Special Hobby's 1/72 kit of the Fulmar Mk II/NF Mk II is based on its own 2009 release of the Mk I and is typical of Special Hobby's packaging. The rather soft grey plastic parts are presented on five sprues holding seventy parts, plus seven clear, and with typical shortish-run features such as slightly irregular scribed detail, heavy sprue gates and the odd bit of flash. There a few resin parts for the wheels and radar aerial mounts, and a photo etched fret with around thirty pieces of cockpit detail and the Yagi aerials. Typical of Special Hobby's earlier offerings, there are no location pips, and some filling is to be expected. Markings are provided for four airframes, three in Extra Dark Sea Grey/Dark Slate Grey over Sky from 806 and 809 Squadrons in 1942 and a Medium Sea Grey/Dark Green example from 784 NAS Drem in 1944, this latter airframe having the four 0.5” calibre wing guns instead of the eight 0.303” items, and being the only one with the full night fighter aerial fit. Construction looks to be entirely straightforward, albeit relatively unsophisticated, and out of the box, the one-piece forward canopy

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bulletins, as well as scouring the Web for news of products and kits. Sorge reports will be posted frequently and regularly and shared with our Facebook readership – this weeks statistics show over 77,000 posts reached. In the meantime, to ensure your item gets the maximum coverage it deserves email news updates and images of anything – from a new resin NACA duct in 1/144 to a 1/32 Fairey Gannet - to my colleague Mr Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett, who hasn’t nearly enough to do and will pass the material on to Sorge for wider usage. Send all material to: [email protected]

limits options in terms of displaying the pilot's position. Looks like it will build up nicely with some patience.

Civil War including the pre and post war period. As a guide the timeline is 1934-1940. The SIG aims to offer relevant and useful information on a wide range of model kits and accessories in any scale and genre (air, land, sea etc.) and will also provide hints and tips where appropriate.

aIrFIx Sea hurricane landing Just out from Airfix is the Hawker Sea Hurricane MK.Ib in 1/48 with two alternative marking schemes. Having proved itself during the savage dogfighting of the Battle of Britain, the Hawker Hurricane would also make a valuable contribution in protecting the vital sea lanes from German attack, both above and below the water. Modified with the addition of catapult spools and a fuselage mounted arrester hook, Sea Hurricanes were embarked aboard Britain’s diminutive aircraft carriers from mid 1941. Options cover a Sea Hurricane MK Ib flown by Lieutenant Richard John (Dickie) Cork (DSO & DSC), 880 NAS, HMS Indomitable, Operation Ironclad, Diego Suarez, Madagascar, May 1942, and a machine from 804 NAS, HMS Eagle, 1941.

azur Frrom Gamma Gamma hey! Gamma 2e ‘Bomber in China’ By Geoff Cooper-Smith Scale: 1/72 Kit No: 72368 type: Injection Moulded Plastic manufacturer: Frrom-Azur www.frrom.com

New SIG IN towN We have been notified of a new SIG focussing on the Spanish Civil War. The website is at https://scwsig.wordpress.com/, and here you can find information on everything related to the Spanish

The sturdy top opening box contains no less than five sprues all in a self-sealing plastic bag with wings and wheel spats, fuselage, tail planes and engine cowling, interior, detail parts and the transparencies separately sealed in their own plastic bag within. Two of the sprues are identical to those

NEWS contained in the Delta boxing, which shows there was a high degree of commonality between the two airframes. There is also a small sheet of etched brass with seat belts and some parts for the rear gun. This boxing includes marking for four versions of the bomber, two from the Chinese Air Force in dark green (one of which is without wheel spats) and two in natural metal. One depicts another Chinese Air Force machine but the second is, most interestingly, in British markings as evaluated at Martlesham Heath in the late 1930s. The single decal sheet, by Aviprint, is secure in its own self-sealing plastic bag but without a protective sheet. Both the register and colours look good and includes some stencilling, which will surely add interest. This is all accompanied by a glossy twelve page, stapled A5 booklet in colour. This is pretty comprehensive with sprue layouts (showing which parts are not required), a sixteen stage construction sequence and four views for each of the marking options. The colour call outs are for Gunze acrylics or enamels. In total there are over 100 parts, although quite a few are not used and will yield some useful items for the spares box, including an engine and propeller. There is a good interior with a lot of detail moulded into the fuselage sidewalls, instrument panel and a very finely moulded rear gun assembly. The engine is also very finely moulded with lots of detail and depth. The single piece cockpit transparency is very clear, but just that – a single piece with no option for it being open. Although there are no locating pins for the fuselage and wings and little stubs for the location of the tail planes it all looks very nicely moulded in good quality plastic and if it is up to the standard of the Delta it will be a joy. So all very similar to the Delta over Spain reviewed not long ago but with some different sprues and a small etch set. However, there is a most notable omission in that although the under fuselage bomb racks are included and in beautiful detail, there are no actual bombs in the kit. Now the box side proclaims ‘resin parts’ and there are no such either in the parts bag or shown on the inventory. I wonder if resin bombs were at one point planned but have been subsequently omitted? When I wrote about the build of the Delta and asked for more from this manufacturer little did I realise the scale of their plan! So joy unbounded and I shall commence construction forthwith of this little marvel and report in due course.

Bristol Freighter. Used extensively by the RNZAF and RCAF as well as numerous civilian operators, this is the first injected moulded kit of the type. Welsh models had done a multimedia kit based on vacform technology and have promised a resin version as alternatives. There are thirty nine injection moulded parts in white plastic plus a clear plastic canopy. There are also two resin propeller retainers and a set of vacform canopies as well as a set of decals to replicate the various windows so the modeller has a choice of how to tackle the glasswork. There are three boxings of the basic parts, the one discussed here with military markings for an RNZAF machine and am aircraft operated by the A&AE at Boscombe Down, another containing civilian markings for Safe Air of New Zealand and British United, both operating in the car transport role and a recently announced version with resin parts to convert it to a Mk21, which has markings for four RAAF machines, a solitary RAF operated aircraft and one flown by Silver City, again in the car Transporter role. As befits a limited run kit the parts need more preparation than a mass produced one. The sprue gates are quite heavy and each part needs a careful clean up. The first choice to make is how to handle the cockpit. There is a representation of the interior consisting of a cockpit floor, a control panel, two seats and two control columns. This is perfectly adequate once painted but the super-detailers among us could work their magic to produce something special. If you want to use this detail the cockpit opening has to be cut away and then a choice of the injected canopy or the vacform made. The injected canopy is quite clear but not as clear as the vacform. Or you could do as I did and use the canopy decals to match the fuselage windows and door glazing. Ozmods have provided locating pins and holes but they need to be trimmed and widened respectively to get a better fit. They also advise leaving off the wheel brace struts until after painting, which is a good idea as the need to be cut down significantly to get a good fit. The fuselage halves needed a bit of assistance to get a good match and benefited from sanding and polishing to get a smooth surface. The main wing assembly is made up of six pieces, upper and lower centre section and upper and lower port and starboard outer wing sections. I expected this to prove problematic but they fitted together really nicely and just needed a little filler to get a nice smooth unit.

OZ MODS 1/144th Bristol Freighter Mk 31 By Andy Scott The latest release in 1/144 from OzMods is the

The engine assemblies needed a good deal of cutting and sanding to get them to fit around the wings and the front of the cowlings needed some work to get them round, so take care and remarkably little filler will be needed to get a good finish. The panel lines are engraved on all plastic parts but are deeper on some than on others. The ones on the tail planes are especially deep in comparison and I had to re-scribe those on the wings and upper fuselage after the sanding had taken place. The RNZAF machine I built has two D/F fairings and a radio aerial aft of the cockpit and an under

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NEWS fuselage towel rail (LORAN?) aerial which are shown on the painting diagram but not provided as parts in the kit. I used scrap plastic to replicate these. At some stage the RNZAF replaced the LORAN aerial with a white blade aerial, which is what I made. A quick Internet search will find lots of photos of the

type and provide guidance as to the aerial fit. A really helpful four aspect colour and decaling diagram is provided for each option and the colours have FS callouts for the RNZAF machine and more generic ones for the A&AE aircraft. The propellers were silver/aluminium for the

RNZAF machine and had yellow tips as delivered but they don’t seem present on photos of machines towards the end of their service. This was an aircraft I really wanted to build. I remember them flying into Leeds Bradford airport in my youth and more oddly having

afternoon tea inside one used as a cafe at Waihi Beach on a trip to New Zealand. Overall I really enjoyed putting the model together and I now want the other boxing to do a Safe Air machine. www.ozmods-kits.com/

364 plastic parts, two sheets of photoetch, five decal options and additional resin upgrades! This is amazing!

Can it pops

‘In a strange reversal of roles we immerse ourselves ever deeper in our chosen discipline, while today’s youth heed only the dictates of cool…

EDUARD Bunny Fighter Club As usual there is a great deal cooking at the Eduard factory, so no time to play with your fidget spinners this month. Keep an eye

PLATZ / F-TOYS 1/144 Lightning F.6 ‘Royal Air Force’ By Mike Verier Another excellent two-in-the-box release of an ex-Gashapon as an

on their website for more special editions. These are always worth getting your hands on, but some are available only to loyalty club members so if you want to be sure of getting these, and indeed all Eduard kits at a knock-down price,

you simply need to join the BFC! This will get you a 15% permanent club discount at Eduard’s Store, unique valuable club kits and accessories, even better prices at the Eduard event stand and a BFC tshirt with a unique design and

special barcode, used for event discounts. This exclusive t-shirt will only be available to members of BFC. You’ll also get free entry at Eday so check out the website for full details.

unpainted kit with new decals in the ‘Flying Color’ (sic) series, this should delight Lightning fans.

Stand-out improvements are the incredibly fine pitot and refuelling tubes and very impressive Firestreaks. The tubes are so fine as to be vulnerable to breakage albeit in the case of the pitot there is an excellent brass alternative available from Master. You also get over wing fuel tanks and optional up or down undercarriage parts – actual alternative parts – no cutting or trimming required.

visible once the canopy is closed.

Inevitably the comparison is with the excellent but now rare Revell model of the same subject and the new tooling comes out very well indeed. Moulded in slightly soft grey/green plastic the detailing is very delicately incised. So delicate in fact that you could easily lose it under too much paint. Having said that if you choose a natural metal scheme this fineness of line will give it the edge over Revell’s rather more positive engraving.

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The cockpit transparency has been designed so that the snap-in lugs do not overly intrude, although you only get a seat shape and a panel for the interior but very little is

www.eduard.com/bfc/

The real attraction of this series is of course the new decals by Rocketeer. Three schemes are offered, a natural metal/black tail 74 Sqn aircraft, a ‘green top’ machine from 92 Sqn and a grey/green 11 Sqn camo job. Stencilling, anti-glare panels and trestle-bands for the belly tank are also included in a very comprehensive sheet. As ever these won’t be around for ever so if the Last British Fighter is your bag I can recommend this release whole-heartedly.

NEWS added protection.

TRUMPETER Fullback in the Box By Rick Greenwood Sukhoi Su-34 Scale: 1/72 Kit No: 01652 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Trumpeter Pocketbond/Stevens International Fresh from Trumpeter is the SU-34 ‘Fullback’ in a more manageable 1/72. This is still a fair size model in this scale too and the ever popular subject of modern Russian types from Trumpeter continues apace. The box boasts a massive 550+parts and that's a fair amount for a smaller scale kit. On opening the lid the full span upper and lower fuselage sections are wired to a cardboard insert nestled inside the box. The usual fine engraved surface detail we have come to expect from this brand is evident and thought has been given to the more delicate items within the box as these are wrapped in foam for

A quick count of the sprue map reveals an astonishing count of thirty frames, along with the upper and lower fuselage, ejector seats and clear parts. The majority of the part count comes from the duplicate runners that cater for the under wing stores and feature in many of Trumpeters other kits.

rendered and captures the unusual inline arrangement of the real airframe. This looks to be another excellent release from Trumpeter and will cross the workbench in due course. Until next time...

The clear parts are included on another two sprues with the opening section of the canopy on its own individual runner possibly hinting at other versions to follow. Rubber tyres and a small etched metal fret make up the remainder of the kit’s components.

Plenty for the spares box afterwards too, as not all items will be carried by the type. The Instruction booklet is printed in the usual format featuring black and white pictorial diagrams and sees the airframe constructed in twenty one stages. A further eighteen deal with the build of the ordnance and its addition to the airframe. A full colour painting and decal placement guide are provided for both the jet and the weapons on separate A4 sheets. Markings are provided for two aircraft of the Russian air force but no other details are given. Two contrasting camouflage schemes are given the familiar disruptive blue scheme and the overall ‘Egg Plant’ grey over blue undersides. A nice level of detail is provided for the cockpit but little will be seen as the canopy on this aeroplane does not open, and crew access the aircraft via a ladder in the nose gear bay. The undercarriage is also nicely

straightforward build. The grey plastic parts are contained on fifteen runners and feature engraved detail throughout. Little in the way of flash or mould imperfections could be seen when examined in close quarters.

HOBBYBOSS Fitter by Far By Rick Greenwood Sukhoi Su-17 Scale: 1/48 Kit No: 81758 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Creative Models/Squadron FobbyBoss keep up the speed of their release schedule with their offering of the Su-17 Fitter. Released about the same time as the KittyHawk example the kits are poles apart in terms of what's in the box. This kit is broken down more logically than its rival, and as such should offer the modeller a more

The instruction booklet is the familiar style offered by HobbyBoss and takes you through twenty four assembly stages to complete the kit. Options include open canopy, forward swept wings with slats deployed or straight with the wing clean. A tow bar is included as well for something a little extra. The multitude of weapons included means the model should be well furnished in this department. Paint and decal placement guides are printed in A4 format on glossy paper while markings are included for two soviet machines during the 1990s. Decals are to the standard normally seen from HobbyBoss and many may want to source aftermarket items for their Fitter.

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Kit No: 48189 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Special Hobby Hannants/Squadron

SPECIAL HOBBY

Bucker Bu 181 Bestmann Panzerjagdstaffeln By Ian M Day

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his is a kit of an aircraft that would probably not be released by a mainstream manufacturer and so is welcome for that. Special Hobby have a knack of releasing kits of those ‘not so famous’ aircraft so this is another to add to the list. OK, what do you get for your money? Approximately fifty parts moulded in the usual light grey plastic, two clear canopy pieces, two resin parts and a sheet of brass etch. Assembly starts as with most kits, with the cockpit. The instructions are in the ‘Eduard’ style and trying to spot location points with blue arrows on a black background is more difficult than with a white background. Test fit and test fit again before using cement is the norm, although this doesn’t help in the case of part A12. As this interferes with the fit of the control columns if cemented where the instructions tell you, be prepared to move its position. Parts A11 are not mentioned at all and I assume, because of the quilted appearance, they are the seat cushions. Being all over dark grey, some highlighting dry brush work is needed to see any of the detail provided. I will confess at this point, to leaving out the very small etched pieces for the control levers, rudder pedal straps and the like, as they will not be seen on the finished model. If you add the completed cockpit to the

fuselage as shown, the two fuselage halves will not fit. Removing the moulded on guides for the cockpit and careful fitting by eye will enable the fuselage to fit together. The wings are commendably thin at the trailing edge and so were assembled as is, after drilling the holes as shown for the panzefaust mounts. Some filler along the wing to fuselage join will be needed and the same applies to the tail plane mounts. One resin piece is provided for the visible engine cylinders, but again, remove the mounting lugs or this part will not fit correctly. I omitted the exhausts until the end of assembly and painting. Regardless of how careful I was in cementing the fuselage, there were sections that required extensive sanding to eliminate the join lines. Adding the canopy is not hard as long as you don’t mind that it is too wide for the fuselage. Don’t forget the etched mesh for the luggage area behind the pilot’s seats. Five different sets of wheels are provided but four of these can go into your spares box. The wheels have a raised portion on the inside and this has to be removed (I used a Dremel to do this) or the halves will not fit together. The most delicate phase of assembly is the sights, which are provided on the etched fret. Once added, great care must be taken to avoid bending these too many times. I fixed them on with PVA glue. Painting commenced with an overall white primer coat to reveal areas still needing work. When these had been taken care of, the colours were applied. I haven’t built a Luftwaffe aircraft for a number of years, and so had to invest in some new paints for this project. I settled on the Mig Ammo set

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for early Luftwaffe colours. I think the green 71 is too olive, and the black green 70 needed some black adding as there was very little contrast between the two top colours. The light blue 65 was OK and was used straight from the bottle. When these had dried, a coat of gloss lacquer was sprayed overall in preparation for the decals. Markings are supplied for three different aircraft and I chose the first option, a machine from 3.panzerjagdstaffel, at Kaubeuren airfield in April 1945. The model is finished in the 65/70/71 splinter scheme, which gives some visual reference as to the placement of the decals. Be warned. Although in register and few in number, they will curl up if not handled very carefully and once placed, if you need to move them, use copious quantities of water to avoid tears and stretches. Once tamped down with a cloth, Daco decal setting solution was used to bed them in. Finishing touches are adding the wheels and exhausts and then a coat or two of matt varnish prior to any weathering. As a fabric covered aircraft, there would be very little paint chipping so I confined myself to weathering the tyres and adding some exhaust stains.

Conclusion I must confess that, even if I was still building Luftwaffe aircraft, this kit would not be on my radar. Nevertheless, for those who want something a little different from the usual 109/190 builds, this is ideal. Be prepared for a lot more preparatory work than a mainstream kit, but if you’re fine with that, then I would recommend it to Luftwaffe fans looking for something out of the ordinary.

CZECH OUT the joints. I now painted and fitted the engine and then popped the cowl into position.

AZUR FRROM

Delta 1C Swedish, TWA and Mexican Service By Andy McCabe

Kit No: FR0032 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Azur Frrom’ Hannants/UMM-USA

As with the previously covered ‘Spanish’ boxing this kit contains four sprues of grey and one clear sprue of injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one instruction booklet. Colour call outs are for Gunze paints and decals are provided this time for A.B AeroTransport airline, Sweden, April 1934 to May 1937, TWA Trans World Airlines, August to November 1933 and Aerovias Centrales S.A Airline, which was a subsidiary of Pan Am Air carrier, Mexico, August 1933 to May 1934. The parts are nicely moulded and have fine recessed panel lines and surface detailing. The decals are also nicely printed by Aviprint. The build begins by pre-painting all of the interior parts as per the instructions and then assembling them. There are eight cabin seats and one seat for the cockpit, as well as the main instrument panel, two side panels and a control column all assembled onto the cockpit floor. The cockpit and cabin floor assemblies fit into one fuselage half and there are clear parts for the cabin windows but I did not fit them as I will fill them in later with Micro Krystal clear. The two fuselage halves are then glued together and the seams cleaned up. The wings were now assembled and fitted to the fuselage along with the tail planes. These are a nice tight fit and didn’t need any filler along

The cockpit glazing was now masked and glued into position and the landing gear fairings were assembled, cleaned up and fitted to the wings. The model was given a coat of grey primer and then two coats of Vallejo 77.660 Black Primer. When this was done Vallejo 77.717 Dull Aluminium was sprayed on. The decals were now applied. There aren’t that many and those that there are posed no problems during their application. The wheels were now painted and fitted along with the prop and exhausts and the model was finished. Three decal options are supplied: • A.B AeroTransport airline, Sweden, April 1934 to May 1937 • TWA Trans World Airlines, August to November 1933 • Aerovias Centrales S.A Airline which was a subsidiary of Pan Am Air carrier, Mexico, August 1933 to May 1934 The Swedish aircraft was fitted with an enlarged door and the kit provides a vinyl mask to enable this to be rescribed should you choose this option.

Conclusion This is a nicely produced kit from Azur Frrom and assembles really well in no time at all. I encountered no problems at all during the build and the assembly can virtually be done in a couple of sittings. The kit makes up into a very nice model of the Delta 1C and looks smart in its natural metal finish.

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Kit No: 7438 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Eduard Creative Models/Hannants/ Squadron/Sprue Brothers

EDUARD

Fokker Dr.1 Weekend Edition By Dave Hooper

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he Eduard 1/72 tooling of the Fokker Dr.1 must be close to twenty years old now. A few years ago the moulds were updated to include parts for the revised version of the strip-down kit and I was slightly surprised on opening the box of the recent weekend edition to find that this is the version that you get. Essentially the kit has not changed from its original tooling, but the current version does contain wing spars and tyres that will not be required. The moulds have lasted well and the plastic looks as if it could have been tooled very recently. In addition to the Weekend box I was supplied with an additional PE set and Brassin’ engine. The photo etched set has not changed dramatically from the fret supplied in the original ProfiPACK version of the kit. The contents range from the useful to the not so useful and I really don’t see the point in replacing a perfectly good plastic bucket seat with a photo etch one. Some of the PE parts are precoloured, a useful perk for detailed parts like instruments and seatbelts. The Brassin’ engine is supplied as three resin parts and PE push rods. The Ur.II rotary engine is very impressive although initially I did wonder whether the extra price tag would improve the model enough to be justifiable. On reflection I would say that it is. The Instructions are excellent, very clearly drawn, with two very nice sets of colour profiles to illustrate the options provided within the kit.

The Eduard Dr.1 was always a very simple kit to build but the dreidecker nature of the aircraft means that you have to be very careful handling the model in the final stages of the build and I have to put my hand up to having had a few mishaps with this kit over the years. Construction begins with the cockpit, which in its Weekend form is very basic but this is one of the main areas where the additional PE upgrade can make a huge difference. The basic cockpit consists of a floor, bucket seat, rear bulkhead and control column. Decal seat belts are also provided. Once the cockpit is completed the fuselage can be closed and the lower wing can be slotted in to the underside of the fuselage. The tail is also fitted at this stage, but the rudder is best left until the model is close to completion. At this stage I would recommend painting your assembly plus the middle and upper wing parts. The ammunition casket and machine guns are fitted to the centre wing in advance of fitting the wing to the fuselage. As one would expect, the PE set includes a pair of cooling jackets, which can make a big difference to the appearance of the Machine Guns. This is a fiddly job in 1/72, but fairly simple to achieve. The middle wing assembly is then glued to the fuselage and the two interplane struts can then be slotted through the middle wing and glued to the lower wing. Careful dry fitting is required to ensure that the struts are assembled the right side up. Cabane struts are then fitted to the middle wing and the upper wing can then be added. This is where you need to be careful as the upper wing is essentially held in place by four single strut positions so too much pressure in the wrong place, such as the rear edge of the upper wing, could end in a breakage. What also does not help here is the quality of the plastic, which is very brittle. Next the Brassin’ engine was assembled. The centre hole in the firewall needs to be made considerably larger to fit the Brassin’ engine but otherwise the part fits nicely within the original cowling. I assembled the undercarriage separately. The undercarriage struts appear to be a little on the long side, but for the sake of this review I did not reduce the height. As part of the final push the wheels and prop were painted and added (avoid using the PE propeller boss, which is definitely too small). I left the addition of the rudder until the very last as the bonding area is quite thin making the part vulnerable to heavy handedness (which I tend to suffer from a lot). These days the Eduard Weekend sets seem to include two colour options, which I personally think is the right way to go. Both options

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included in this set are particularly attractive with August Rabin’s red and white Dr.1 from Jasta 18 (the only Dr1 on Jasta 18’s inventory) gracing the box art. The second option is Herman Vellendor’s Dr.1 from Jasta 2 in a more traditional Fokker streaked finish. It is worth noting that one of the crosses appears poorly printed and smudged, but actually it is intended to look this way. I chose to build Rabin’s Dr.1 as I felt it would make a nice addition to my current collection of Fokker streak finished aircraft. The decals are nicely printed and very thin. The crosses do however have a tendency to fold in on themselves so extreme care is required.

Kit No: 72006 Scale: 1/72 Type: Etched Brass Manufacturer: Brengun Hannants/UMM-USA

Conclusion This is an absolute ‘oldie but goldie’ and well worth taking a look at. I do like the idea of the Weekend kits in that they take you back to an era where most of us bought a kit with our pocket money on the Friday that we would have finished (and probably crashed or burned) by the end of the weekend. Of course this model took me a lot longer than a weekend to complete but the thought was there. I have mixed feelings about the extra aftermarket items. They definitely improve the basic kit, but once you add up the cost you may be wiser to look out for one the many ProfiPACKs that have been released over the years. That said, the Brassin’ engine is superb and well worth considering. With very little rigging the little Dr.1 is an excellent entry level WWI kit and almost twenty years on is still highly recommend.

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his set is presented to us in a nice robust box and once you open it you will find the instructions and one sheet of photo etch. You will also find a little bag with the resin parts for the feet and the wheels. This can be built in less than a day. The instructions are really easy to follow and the etch easy to bend. For the legs I used two rulers to help me make sure they were folded straight. I painted my model in X-10 Gun Metal and then added some rust and dust, but only a thin layer as I still have to decide on which diorama I will feature it in.

BRENGUN

Portal Crane German Airfield Accessory By Nuno Lima

All in all there is not much to say about this model. It’s a lovely piece and you can achieve fantastic results if you are looking to build a diorama. I took some pictures together with a finished model to give some impression of how it looks in context. I Hope you find this review useful, and that you have as much fun as I had building this little wonder.

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Kit No: 72342 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Special Hobby Hannants/Squadron

SPECIAL HOBBY

L-13 Blanik Czechoslovak Glider By Robert Rose

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his kit comes in a small end opening box and comprises one sprue of medium grey plastic plus one clear plastic sprue for the canopy. The model is small, neatly and simply moulded, with each wing as a single piece and three separate pieces for the tail feathers. None of these have any locating pins, so care is needed. The Blanik was a well-known and popular training sailplane through the Sixties, Seventies and into the Eighties. Following a metal fatigue related accident they were all grounded for a time, however, after inspection, low hours aircraft have returned to service in many countries and a repair scheme for aircraft near the fatigue limit has also been devised. The Red Bull team have several Blaniks, which they have used for some spectacular aerobatic flying and parachuting sequences. The aircraft was a good soaring machine for its day and was a useful advanced trainer, since it had both flaps and a retractable main wheel. Since the wheel did not fully retract but remained with its lower section protruding, in a similar fashion to the DC-3, forgetting to lower the undercarriage wasn’t disastrous. The main benefit was to train pilots for later more advanced single seaters. The flaps were fitted for similar reasons and were useful rather than vital. My abiding memory of the Blanik is that when flying in turbulence or when doing aerobatics it tended to clank, groan and boing as the thin metal skin flexed. For the instructor, part buried in the wing root without a particularly good view forward over any large pupil this was disconcerting at first. Paradoxically, after a while the noises seemed reassuring. The kit comes with four simple colour

schemes, one of which must have a story behind it, being of a Czech machine painted to look like a Japanese aircraft. I chose another Czech scheme, in blue, white and silver colours. The most complex part of the kit is within the cockpit, with seats cast each in two parts, plus joysticks and instrument panels for front and back and a rear bulkhead. There are rudimentary indications of where these items should go on the fuselage sides which are not so clear as the kit drawings suggest. If in doubt, hunt up some good photographs of the machine. The seats in a sailplane are low set and the front seat in particular is often well raked, so check. The seating position is rather like that of an old style racing car. I painted these up in pale tan and yellow to provide a contrast to the pale grey interior and also added some notional dial detail to the two instrument binnacles. In the event this is not visible through the canopy. What would be just visible are seat straps, which would dangle down the front seat when unoccupied. I forgot to add that detail. One slight challenge with this kit is that the only guide to the correct positioning of the wings is on the canopy. Since there are no locating slots or pins I started by gluing the fin in place, to give me a vertical reference. Note that the elevator trailing edges should be level with the end of the tailcone, and the rudder line just aft of the leading edge of the horizontal tail plane. I then positioned each wing in turn, using a small amount of superglue at the rear of the wing to tack it in place, where it would not fog the canopy, then added normal glue carefully to reinforce the joint. This took several attempts to get right, and setting the second wing symmetrically was a lengthy job. There is a small difference in wash out between the wings, so I didn’t get it quite right. Once that was done I added the two horizontal tail planes, again reinforcing the joints with thin superglue trickled in gently. The wing tip fences were added before masking for painting. Two variants of these are provided.

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I picked the most colourful paint scheme in silver, white and medium blue. The airframe was sprayed matt white as an undercoat, then after appropriate masking a silver coat was applied. The masking needs to allow for the canopy being set back into the wing root. There are two small triangular sections of window below the wing roots as well as a clear section above the wing centre section. I next masked and painted the blue coat, followed by decaling. The Blaniks I remember were mostly in natural metal with aluminium sprayed fabric control surfaces and flaps, which always showed as slightly duller. I used Humbrol’s Aluminium, with a dash of airframe silver, to over paint those surfaces. The decals provided are nicely printed and neat but oh boy are they a challenge. Very thin, they need great care when handling. They will tear easily and are apt to fold up on themselves if given any opportunity. The best way to deal with them is to float or ease them off the backing sheet using a soft brush. Despite my best efforts I had several failures and had to call for reinforcements. My partner is a better and more patient modeller than I am and she has a good eye and sure hand for this sort of work. Even she had to admit defeat on one folded decal. I painted in the damaged area. I have come across this before with Special Hobby, so do be warned. The final effect is superb, once you can get the decals to behave. The last things to add were the mainwheel and tailwheel. If you want to display the aircraft flying, you will have to cut down the mainwheel to show it part stowed.

Conclusion Overall this is a nice simple kit of a popular training sailplane in which many people learned the subtle craft of soaring. There are many possible colour schemes so I expect this should be a popular kit. My thanks to Special Hobby for this review sample.

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JULY 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 05

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Kit No: 72342 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Special Hobby Hannants/Squadron BRENGUN YAK-1‘Winter’ By Brian Derbyshire

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hen Gary announced that Brengun's ‘Winter’ YAK-1was up for review, I nearly snatched his hand off - I'd been dreading scratching the skis for a Mikro kit. Having got hold of it - what a roller-coaster it is! Up..! A sturdy box, showing no less than seven schemes, three on skis, four on wheels, six of them in winter white. Lots of parts, lots of detail, much of it very fine indeed - the pilot's seat and its frame particularly so. Accurate shape (mostly) according to my best Polish drawings. Excellent metal and fabric surface detail. Very little flash. Detailed wheel wells, with separate walls. Rear fuselage surface detail inside as well as out. Clear, clean transparencies with both wrapover and ‘D’ shaped aft sections. Well-thought-out radiators for oil & glycol, with superb resin face detail. Lovely little resin RS-82s... Oh boy... And down…! No location pips for fuselage or wing (but see below). Tailplane tabs, but sockets for same that need excavating to be useful. Etch U/C doors, OK, but also separate etch panels for the underwing fuel tank covers: why not put this detail directly on the plastic? Flaps ditto, because they're plain inside and so can't be used ‘down’. Also etch seat-to-frame brackets -the frame being spider-leg delicate, and etch strips to join the forward and aft sections of the cockpit floor with inadequate instructions, no dimensions, and no obvious location at the forward ends of the bridging strips PE4. No pedals, no throttle box, no seat belts, very little painting data. Part 37 is too small to be identifiable as anything, and all three air/oxygen bottles, parts 43/45/46 - nice though they are are totally hidden by the pilot's seat.

assembly, so it wasn't carelessness. The dashboard scuttle, Part 20, locates the forward ends of the fuselage halves, and the rear fuselage bottom, Part 3, locates the rear ends fore-and-aft. So that's how it works, especially if you have five hands (but I'd already added an extra layer to Part 3, in two halves, to locate the lower fuselage edges exactly, and put crosstubes on it too). The upper longerons engage the sides of the instrument panel, and the lower ones the firewall, so in the end it all made perfect sense apart from the woolly fore-and-aft location which may have been my own fault. And though this may not be authentic, I left off the parcel shelf. I just couldn't bear to waste all that detail, so I painted the inside of the rear fuselage beige for primer-doped fabric, pencil-shaded stringers, medium grey Warren truss and (added) duct over the radiator. The canopy parts are a bit thick, but need very little cleaning up to fit well, and they’re clear. I suspect the windscreen side panels ought to be flat, but there's this photo, allegedly of a Yak-7, exactly like the kit... The ‘J’ shaped wheel well walls didn't fit until I thinned them on the outside, so that they fitted neatly into the recesses in both top and bottom wing halves. When this was done, they located said parts exactly. No need for the ‘missing’ pips after all; a most ingenious arrangement. Before attaching the upper wings, open up the ‘D’ shaped forward extensions to the wheel well if required (very early production) and in any case clear out the area. The cover for this

I replaced the etched bits, PE2/3/4, with strips of plastic card fitting into saw cuts. I used the etch as templates and allowed for the depth of my cuts, but even so I don't think the length came out quite right. On the plus side, I was able to shave bits off my plastic strips to make it all fit - no chance of that with the original etch. And up again... Careful scrutiny of the fuselage insides revealed a drilled hole and a dimple. Transferring same to the other side and redrilling produced the locations for the seat frame. There is an extremely shallow slot just ahead of the radiator hole in the lower centresection, and a magnifying glass revealed an even shallower, not-quite-matching tab under Part 48, which ought to have positioned the cockpit

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empty space was soon shifted from the U/C door to the wing, but the space remained - it gave clearance to allow removal/replacement of the U/C leg from its pivot and applied to all ‘light’ YAKs, both -1 and -3. There's a very flimsy carburettor intake for the port wing root. Chamfer the inside edges before taking it off the runner. Once the fit is finalised, draw round it and drill/carve out the ducting then glue it down. And down… (well, you've probably got my drift by now) ... I had to pack out the extreme nose by 0.015’ to make the top and bottom cowlings fit, but then fit they did. The wing-tofuselage fit wasn't quite perfect, but a bit of sanding sorted it. The fillets need some sanding too. I applied strips of masking tape to the wings and trimmed the fillets to those. Result, nice even step from ‘wooden’ wing to ‘metal’ fillet. I chamfered the plain-side edges of the etched flaps and tank panels (using a manicure emery board), which improved the fit into the wing recesses. Then, rather than using superglue, I painted the plain sides with liquid cement and allowed to dry overnight. I put the tank panels on a rubber sheet and rolled a pencil over them to put in a light camber to suit the wing. The fit now being perfect I applied MEK round the edges. So far, so good. However, in spite of sharing the same priming, the etched wing panels did not cover as well as the plastic, and needed more coats of paint. They, and their detail, completely disappeared. I cleaned it all off and tried again - better, but I still had to scribe round the panels and flaps. Next time, chamfer

CZECH OUT the things on both sides. The styrene undercarriage parts are teenyflimsy, and the runners are robust. Separating the parts undamaged requires extreme care and sharp tools so be warned. Also there are no location points inside the wheelwell. I found a sliver of thin card to connect the inboard ends of the retraction links together was helpful, but even so - and in spite of all my care - the axles ended up at different distances from the centreline. The resin u/c parts comprise the skis and their rocking dampers. The latter are basically hydraulic jacks and are flimsy, but they need so little cleaning-up that they're no trouble. The skis, however, have finely-detailed tubular pyramidal structures to connect them to the axles, and for moulding reasons all the gaps between the tubes are flashed over. This is inevitable - it's nobody's fault, you can't do it otherwise - but removing this flash needs tiny knives and chisels made from broken sewingmachine needles, a jeweller's eyeglass, and steady hands. The result, though, is well worth the ouzo consumption.

painted the white with thin paint, a small brush, and many coats. Then I scuffed and chipped, and applied exhaust stains with dry black poster paint and one of those tiny yellow bottlebrushes. It'll have to do.

under it. So, reasoning that I had a much smaller brush and more time than AC2 Ivan - I over painted them freehand, finishing off with a tiny knife and touch-up red. Again, it'll have to do.

Given that I wanted a very early production aircraft with skis, I was limited to decal choice A, with ‘silver’ 9s superimposed on the red stars. These 9s, alas, are dark grey. I tried printing red and ‘white’ (clear) on clear decal paper, to go over a silver dot on the white ground. However, computer-printed red is by no means opaque. To make it work I'd need not a dot, but an accurate ‘9’ , which might as well be on top of the decal as

Conclusion So - is it worth the money? Not to the inexperienced or impatient modeller, maybe it's too easy to make a hash of it. But if you fancy yourself as a craftsman, and like a challenge, it'll give you many hours of satisfaction. And, of course, a cracking Yak-1.

Equally difficult is the excavation from their flash of the RS-82 missiles and their rails. Here, I wish the wing attachment pins had been more robust, even at the expense of true scale. They're almost impossible not to break, and the Devil's own job to replace with bits of stretched sprue. On to painting, and I'm not good at weathering. My Mig-3 is from a Moscow Guards unit, all bull and blarney, so Persil White is fine, but these Yaks are from the desperate winter of 1941-42 and I really had to make the effort. So I applied black/green camouflage, and over

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S E.5 A

Eduard’s SE.5a Wolseley Viper By Dave Hooper

Kit No: 82131 Scale: 148 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Once painted and assembled the cockpit tub looks something like this

Manufacturer: Eduard www.eduard.com

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The rudder bar and some other interior details are fitted to the underside fuselage section, which is premoulded with the lower wings in place

he SE.5a is undoubtedly one of the most recognisable fighters of World War I, and alongside the less forgiving Camel played an integral part in maintaining the allies’ command of the skies during the final year of the conflict. The subject has a long history in model kit form, from the 1950s Aurora tooling to the more recent kits from Wingnut Wings, Roden and not forgetting Valom. This new Eduard kit was originally expected to surface a few years ago as Eduard announced back in 2014 that they would be releasing a new tooling of a World War I subject each year of the hundred year centenary. The SE.5a was expected to be the follow up to the very underrated (unfairly in my opinion) SSW.IV kit. At the time Eduard promised big things of this kit, stating as I recall that they would take direct control of its development rather than rely on outsourcing, as apparently

The cockpit tub fits on top of the underside fuselage section

had happened with the SSW.IV. So does the kit live up to expectations? On initial inspection of the box’s contents I would say a resounding yes! This is the first release of the kit, which concentrates on the Wolseley Viper version of the aircraft. A Hisso boxing will follow shortly and a Royal boxing, which contains both Wolseley and Hisso versions, is already available. Anybody familiar with the more recent Eduard ProfiPACK kits will feel at home with this boxing, which provides the modeller with a combination of plastic and photo etch parts, as well as masks and decals. The plastic parts are provided on two sprues which look like they cover both Wolseley and Hisso types. The detail of the plastic is extremely good with some rather nice stitching and panel detail on the fuselage. I have to say the wing detail is less impressive. Eduard continue to perpetuate this myth that rib tapes are stitched through the centre from the outside. In reality the wing main fabric was stitched to each frame and rib tapes were then glued over the top of the stitching so although you may see some indentation, the detail would be nowhere near as sharp or pronounced as Eduard has chosen and I would argue that in

The fuselage halves fit around the cockpit tub and to the fuselage underside section

The Wolesely Viper engine assembled and painted

The plastic version of the instrument panel with decal dials

The instrument panel is fitted

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S E .5 A

Wing inspection hatches require painting before fitting the clear cover

The forward coaming is fitted

The Brassin Vickers gun comes in two halves which are fitted at different stages of the build

The cowling and radiator have been fitted

The rear section of the Vickers gun is fitted in place All of the main parts have been sprayed and varnished The undercarriage is easy to assemble and fit

Rear cabane struts were fitted before the front struts

Some initial rigging, which looks a mess at this stage

Exhausts are painted and ready to fit Once the wings are cleaned up you wouldn’t know that the rigging had been threaded through them

Tape is used to hold the thread in place during the rigging process Underside decals applied

Exhausts have been fitted

This dry fit shows the extent of the gap between the fin and rudder due to the raised hinges

The Brassin Lewis and mount

The Lewis mount fits neatly into the upper wing

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S E.5 A

Comparison of the kit and Brassin props

The Brassin prop, painted and ready to fit

The wheel masks provided are used to obtain a clean line between the white wheel covers and grey tyres

1/48 stitching detail in these areas would be almost indiscernible. This however is a minor issue and easily rectified with a sanding stick, although I would choose not to in order to show the finished kit as intended. Otherwise from a purely aesthetic inspection, the parts are impressive to say the least. In addition to the dark grey sprues there is a circular sprue of clear plastic parts. As ever the clear plastic is quite brittle so care needs to be taken, especially with the thin inspection hatches. The photo etch sheet as ever contains a selection of useful and not so useful parts. Inspection hatch frames are among the more visually useful while I have never felt that photo etch control wires were a particularly practical way of depicting such things in model form. In addition there is an optional photo etch instrument panel and instrumentation, all of which is precoloured. The kit contains five decal options, three of which are British and the other two from the States. It’s really nice to see the US examples included. Instructions follow the usual Eduard tried and tested format, which I found easy to follow although sometimes the sequencing is not as I would approach the construction. In addition to the kit I was also equipped with a pair of Brassin propellers, a set of replacement machine gun parts and a set of photo etch eyelets, that Eduard call SE.5a stretchers. There is also a replacement radiator available, which I did not have for this build.

Construction One of this kits main strength’s is the level of interior detail, even in plastic. This is exceptional even by today’s standards and appears to be very well researched. It’s worth spending some time on as the results are as good as anything that can be achieved in larger scales. Unlike

many of Eduard’s previous kits the majority of the interior is built around a framework in the same manner as most WNW kits. The plastic parts are augmented by photo etch details but not to a point where a Weekend (plastic only) version of the kit would be at a disadvantage. I chose to build my instrument panel using the plastic option with decal dials, which to my eyes looks superior to the photo etch parts. I also used the plastic Lewis drum holder in place of the two photo etch versions supplied with the kit and the Brassin gun set, mainly because the part is difficult to see once the model is built up, so I really didn’t see the need to put any extra effort into replacing what are already very good parts. Unusually the framework tub fits directly to the base section, which is moulded together with the lower wings. The two fuselage halves then fit neatly around the framework. At this stage, if required, I would suggest carrying out any of the optional surgery work to the fuselage that is required later in the instructions. The engine can also be assembled and fitted. The Wolseley and Hispano Suiza engines are both provided in their entirety, even though only the cylinders will ultimately be visible. This leaves the modeller with a nice complete spare, either for another project or to display as a separate entity. Once completed the engine fitted positively into the fuselage, so there was no uncertainty about whether it was correctly positioned or not. During this stage of the build I also fitted part of the Vickers machine gun. The basic kit and Brassin sets treat assembly of the Vickers gun in a slightly different manner. In the Brassin set a separate resin mount is fitted and then the rear butt end of the gun is added before fitting the various coaming parts. In the kit the complete gun is fitted, which provides a bit of a dilemma regarding the best time to spray the fuselage/wing assembly as it is preferable to spray the assembly before the barrel section of the Vickers gun is fitted.

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The Lewis is fitted to the mount

Personally, if I were building the basic kit version I would follow the process used by the Brassin kit in that I would split the Vickers into two parts. I did however spray the parts as per the kit version, just to get an idea of how easy this was to mask and work with. To be fair it wasn’t too bad, although as you will see some sanding was required once the coaming was eventually fitted, which required a partial repaint. The various coaming and cowling parts were then fitted. Some of these parts need modification for certain options but for the 25 Aero option that I was building the process was pretty straight forward. These parts fitted very well with the exception of the cockpit coaming part, which left an unwanted step on one side that was difficult to rectify completely without losing some detail. At this stage the tail was also fitted as were the clear inspection hatches, which need some careful dry fitting. Care needs to be taken when fitting these parts as they will crack if you try to force them into position. I replaced two of these with clear Plasticard. At this stage all of the parts were primed and sprayed. For the underside of the wings and tail I used Citadel’s Ushabti Bone colour to depict the clear doped linen. Once the base colour was sprayed I masked off the rib tapes and very lightly sprayed a dark brown inconsistently chordwise. The masking was then removed and a second light coat of the Ushabti Bone was applied until I was happy with the tonal variation that the process offered. For the upper wing I chose to apply a dark green colour as an approximation of what I envisaged a dark PC10 tone to look like. Can I base this choice of colour on anything tangible? Of course not, as there are very rarely a definitive right or wrong when it comes to World War I colours. Aside from all the usual questions about the correct shade of colour and the effects of ageing, this particular

S E .5 A aircraft could just as easily have been the more brownish PC12 so colour is purely a case of guesswork. Once painted the Vickers machine gun barrel was fitted complete with a rather nice little photo etch flash muzzle. Other small etch details include the sight mounts, which were added to the fuselage and painted although at this stage I did not fit the windscreen as directed in the instructions. Cabane struts were then glued into position. The locations points for the rear cabane struts seemed a little more positive and less open to the risk of getting the angle slightly wrong so I fitted these first. The rear strut position was then used to determine the correct position of the forward cabane struts. Next I began to apply some of the fuselage decals. I had chosen to build one of the American aircraft. This particular subject arrived on the Western Front in the last month of the war. The decals are produced by Cartograf and were easy to use. Unlike most modern decals, both kit and aftermarket, that I have recently used these did not show any sign of wanting to flake as soon as the decal began to dry out. I did however apply Micro Set to the damp decal while still on its backer and whether this process helped I cannot say. To help the decal settle onto raised surfaces I also used some Micro Sol. The rudder decals are a little undersized if you are expecting a perfect fit against the part, but personal I quite liked this as there was no mucking about trying to fold the edges of the two halves over each other. The edges were filled with paint, which make a tidier edge as long as the paints are a decent colour match. As I mentioned earlier, I was supplied with a set of rigging aids that Eduard call SE.5a stretchers. These are effectively photo etch eyelets provided as either single or dual pieces. Visually these have little resemblance to the real thing and lack any innovative features that would make the process of rigging easier. The actual eyelet holes themselves are a little on the small side to the point where I struggled to use them in conjunction with my favourite rigging material, invisible mending thread, which is not particularly oversized. I spent some time playing around with these stretchers and in the end rigged the model without the aid of these parts. The prepainted upper wing was then carefully fitted to the cabane struts, checking alignment in all directions during the assembly process. The inter plane struts were then spring fitted. One thing to watch out for here is that on my option the inter plane strut with the moulded in pitot tube actually should fit on to the starboard side of the aircraft, not as depicted in the instructions on the port side. I did not notice this until it was

too late to change and while this may not be correct for all options within this kit I would recommend that at this stage you check references carefully for the aircraft that you are building. The model was then rigged. I fell back on plan B and drilled holes through the wings in order to thread the rigging material through. Once secure, the excess was removed and the areas of the wing affected were cleaned up and resprayed. The undercarriage was very simple to assemble although the rear location lugs required some trimming in order to fit to the fuselage, probably as a result of paint and varnish reducing the size of the recesses. Holes were drilled through the undercarriage struts prior to assembly and bracing wires were threaded through these holes in the same manner as the wings. At this point I also added the tail skid. Exhausts were painted black and then dry brushed with a dark metal colour. Once completely dry the parts were washed with a few layers of rust coloured Lifecolor Tensocrom, which is a good way of achieving that burnt rust effect without using a solid colour. The exhaust would probably be easier to fit before the upper wing is assembled, but it is not too difficult. The ProfiPACK includes some photo etch mounting brackets to replace the lumps of moulded plastic on the fuselage, but I was a little wary about using these as there is very little contact surface for a part that will need to have some functionality and decided not to use these parts. The rudder and elevators are separately fitted via moulded hinges on the edges of both the control surfaces and the fin/tail planes. This results in a large unrealistic gap so I removed the hinges on all the parts. I also used brass rod fitted into the edge of the parts to reinforce the joints between these surfaces. Eduard supply photo etch control horns with wires, of a type that I have never been a fan of. However during preparation of some of the parts I had broken some of the moulded control horns and so I fitted replacement control horns made from Plasticard on some parts before fitting the control surfaces. Control wires were made from mending thread. The ailerons require less treatment. For some reason, which I couldn’t quite work out, the upper ailerons fit flush with the flying surfaces without removal of the hinges, while the lower wing hinges need some work at the edges. At this stage I added the wheels. The instructions for the option I was building suggested that the subject had red rings around the rim of the wheel cover. However I could find no photographic evidence to suggest that the aircraft in question, F8038, had these rings, at

least at the time the photographs I had access to were taken. 25 Squadron aircraft of the period appear to have had mostly white wheel covers although there is at least one example, F8040, with red wheel cover edges, so whether at some point somewhere aircraft have got mixed up, or whether Eduard have references that I don’t have, is a question I cannot answer. However in a way I was pleased that I couldn’t find evidence of the red edging as this would not have been easy to paint and no decals are supplied for this. The final parts of the build came from the aftermarket Brassin sets. There is a rather fine resin Lewis gun, which is a small kit in its self. The resin Lewis is an improvement on the plastic version within the kit although very strangely some of the photo etch parts from the kit are better or just don’t exist within the Brassin kit. Eduard supply two Brassin aftermarket propellers depicting right and left rotation versions. My model required the right version These are an improvement on the kit part but do include a rather curious photo etch bracket that fits over the propeller boss. Looking through my references, the only clear instance I could find of an SE.5a prop with this bracket in place is on photos of the Shuttleworth flying example. As a result I chose not to include this part on my propeller.

Conclusion And there you have it. Probably the most detailed and complex Eduard World War I kit that I have ever built. I was generally very impressed, especially with the interior. The kit is not perfect and like almost any other kit on the market does have some minor faults, but thankfully all of these are easy to rectify if you so desire. It seems possible to me that Eduard and some other companies are sometimes trying too hard to compete with larger scale kits resulting in issues like the rib stitching that’s a little too prominent. The aftermarket sets are a mixed bag. As you probably gathered, I didn’t get on with the stretcher set. The prop and gun sets on the other hand make a reasonable improvement to the basic kit. At the heart of everything though is a cracking kit, which is excellent value for money in this boxing and likely to be an absolute bargain once the Weekend Edition arrives.

References RAF SE.5a by J.M. Bruce, Windsock datafile special (Albatros) Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5 Haynes Owners Workshop Manual (Haynes) SE.5/5a Aces of World War I by Norman Franks (Osprey)

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BRIGAND

Magna’s resin kit is typical of the company’s earlier output, with chunky pieces of cream colour resin, white metal detail parts and a vacform canopy. It seems to go together rather well despite its vintage

Bristol’s Last Twin By Tim Skeet

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The Sangar/Contrail vacform from the 1980s first appeared under the Gerald J. Elliott label. The manufacturer had no qualms about warning the novice about the complexity of the build. ‘Needs considerable modelling skill to complete’ is a warning that would not be out of place on some contemporary mainstream kits that we have come across...

he Bristol Aeroplane Company gave us the wartime Blenheim, Beaufort and Beaufighter. This illustrious line-up equipped a host of front line units throughout the war. Bristol continued to work on twin engined light/medium bomber projects and produced three further major designs which however never achieved as much as their stable mates and have been all but forgotten. The Buckingham, Buckmaster and Brigand trio shared various design features and represented Bristol’s attempt to build on the success of their earlier work with new larger designs. In this they were not successful, partly due to technical reasons as much as to timing. Of this trio the Brigand was the one that did manage to see some front-line service and it makes for an interesting addition to a line-up of postwar British aircraft.

Brigand’s Origins The Centaurus engined Buckingham first flew in 1943 but the type took time to refine and perfect, missed the war and never saw service as a bomber. A number of Buckinghams did however see some service as transports. The next sister design, the Buckmaster, was produced as a trainer for the Buckingham and the slightly later Brigand. It flew for the first time

in late 1944. Ultimately the Buckmaster entered service as the conversion trainer for the Brigand, as the Buckingham had already failed to pass muster. All three shared major design elements including the wings and rear fuselage/tails. It was the Brigand that proved the most successful of this trio, though its success was rather modest. The first Brigand took off in late 1944. The aircraft was designed originally as a torpedo bomber and upgrade to the smaller Beaufighter, but in the end it performed much of the role its precursor the Buckingham had been designed to fulfil. The Brigand B.1 entered frontline service as a bomber/strike aircraft, after some minor redesign work. In this role the Brigand was cleared for RAF entry in March 1948 and went on to equip three strike squadrons, 8, 45 and 84, operating out in the Middle and Far East. Brigands replaced Tempests in Aden from 1949 and Beaufighters in the Far East from 1950. Final operations finished in Malaya in February 1953, where the Brigands were then replaced by Hornets. In service the type suffered various problems, some related to the climatic conditions. There were a number of crashes, many fatal, resulting from metal fatigue, and a lethal problem caused by the build-up of gases in the long gun blast tubes causing explosions. After front-line action,

Sangar still offer a 1/72 Brigand, as well as a Buckmaster and a Buckingham. Whether or not this is the same tooling as the original Elliott kit is unknown. Check out the website at www.sangereng.co.uk to see the full range

Both Air-Model and Hallam-Vac have released vacforms of the Brigand. No doubt Ernie Lee has a couple tucked away somewhere in his attic that he has forgotten about

Valom’s kits came along in 2009 and offered at last a chance to build the Brigand in injection moulded plastic. Four boxings have been issued so far, allowing the modeller to cover the subject as comprehensively as it deserves

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BRIGAND

As one might expect there is very little aftermarket available for the Brigand. Aeroclub made some metal props back in the day, while there are a couple of Freightdog sheets offering a little scope

My primary references. The Warpaint title is now available again from www.warpaintbooks.com

Magna’s instructions were fairly basic affairs though not untypical of their era

Freightdog’s postwar RAF sheets are among the most interesting sets available for those who like to model this overlooked part of the service’s history

Valom’s 1/72 Buckingham is another excellent representation of these lesser known Bristol twins by the Czech manufacturer

Secondary references are useful if you can find them The finished Magna Brigand. Decals came from the spares box as the kit came with none. Modeldecal’s generic sheets were generally assumed to be a standard part of any modeller’s spares box at the time these kits were produced

Valom’s colour guide is a leap forward from the days of the cottage industry

the type continued in service in T.4 and T.5 versions as a radar equipped trainer until finally being withdrawn in 1958. Modelling the Brigand In model form the Bristol line up has only been fully provided by that imaginative and enterprising company Valom. In the past few years the modeller has been able to build all three of these late Bristol types, and indeed different boxings allow many subtypes to be produced. The Valom range is currently available and besides various boxings of the Buckingham and Buckmaster, also offers three boxings for the Brigand. These cover the original TF.1, the B.1, in two formats including a Pakistani export aircraft, and the later T.4 trainer variant.

The Valom Brigand finished in its 84 Squadron markings

Before the advent of Valom, the only way to build the type was a vacform (this I never attempted) or the resin kit from Magna Models, a company that specialised in less well known British aircraft. Magna offered the B.1 with parts for the T.4/T.5. I built the Magna kit several years ago when it first came out in the late 1990s. More recently, when Valom produced the B.1 I could not resist having another go at the type and can now set out below a brief comparison of the two kits of this lesser known type. Background material on the Brigand is somewhat in short supply. I have collected various articles and material over the years, but still found myself short of some information and a comprehensive source of detail guidance. I suspect both Valom and Magna had the same

problem. There are to my knowledge two principal publications covering the type and its stable mates, the Warpaint series No. 68 and an old out of print Aviation News monograph dedicated to the Brigand in A5 format that was published probably a couple of decades ago. The fact that there is no complete Brigand in existence (there is a battered fuselage tucked away out of sight somewhere) does not help the situation. With these two sources and sundry articles set aside from Aeroplane, Flypast and some other journals, I set about adding the Valom Brigand B.1 to the collection. The idea was to finish this model in the medium grey/black 84 Squadron scheme used in Malaya to contrast with the white over black 8 Squadron colours from this

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BRIGAND

The Buckingham is a sort of missing link between the famous wartime Beaufighter, Blenheim and Beaufort and the later Brigand development. Air Ministry specification B.7/40 called for a medium bomber to replace the Blenheim so when Bristol brought their Type 162 to the Air Staff, this led to a request to complete a mock up in 1940 and then a confirmed contract for three prototypes in February 1941. The Beaumont, as it was initially known, was based on the rear fuselage and tail of a Beaufighter, with a new centre and front fuselage. Construction began in late 1940, with a new Air Ministry Specification B.2/41 to be written around it. By the time the design entered production, requirements had changed, with attacks against German industry being covered by the US by day and by RAF Bomber Command de Havilland Mosquitos by night. The Buckingham was not considered suitable for unescorted daytime use over Europe and in January 1944, it was decided that all Buckinghams would be sent overseas to replace Vickers Wellingtons. After the first fifty four had been built as bombers, the remainder were converted for high speed courier duties with RAF Transport Command

Buckmaster T.Mk I RP122 of 1 Flight, D Squadron of the Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment at Boscombe Down. Bristol's response to Air Ministry Specification T.13/43 was to make further use of the Buckingham wing, with another new fuselage, in an aircraft developed as the Type 166. The trainee and instructor were seated side by side with a wireless operator seated behind. Sixty five Buckingham bombers were unfinished on the production line and ended up being rebuilt as the Buckmaster, to augment the production series. All were intended to serve as a trainer for the Brigand. The last Training Command Buckmasters served with the 238 OCU at Colerne while the transfer of one or two to Filton for experimental work marked its retirement in the mid 1950s

A Brigand MET.3 of 1301 Flight RAF at RAF Luqa, Malta in June 1949. This was an unarmed meteorological reconnaissance variant, with sixteen built

There is remarkably little family resemblance between the Brigand and even the later marks of Beaufighter

unit’s late operations in Aden. The Valom kit depicts both principal schemes. There is also Freightdog FSD72004S, which includes earlier markings for an 84 Squadron aircraft. Other than these, there is little by way of markings available. The Magna kit I built some years ago and its acetate canopy has already started to yellow. It was straightforward to build, with large resin pieces that fitted reasonably well. The cockpit is nicely detailed and sits higher in the fuselage well than the Valom example. There are a few other details that struck me as being more accurate on the Magna kit. These included a better, metal undercarriage with larger wheels, fan like grills moulded on the engine fronts, and pronounced aileron actuators on the upper wing surfaces, which are also absent on the Valom version. The DF loop housing looks slightly too large but is a vacformed clear plastic item in two parts. On the negative side, the gun troughs are completely wrong for the Brigand B.1, whereas the Valom offering captures them well. Overall the Magna kit is a nice model and at the time was the only Brigand available. With a lot of metal parts, some good detail and solid resin, it is a chunky and heavy model. I finished in in the late white upper surface colours of an Aden operated 8 Squadron machine. I left the finish a little too pristine now as I look at it. I had a better go at some weathering on the Valom kit using a few techniques I appear to have picked up since. As already noted, the Magna kits at the time did not come with decals. The kits came in somewhat crude boxes, with simple instructions and a series of drawings suggesting schemes. Decals therefore came from my spares box. I added rocket rails having first applied the underwing serials, and the result makes an interesting comparison with the earlier Bristol designs. The Valom kit has all the trappings of a more up to date mainstream kit. As with all these limited run models, the fit takes a bit of getting right. Moreover, some details don’t appear quite correct. Here the relative lack of reference was a challenge. The cockpit, though offering plenty of detail, brass etched pieces and seat belts, is seated far too low in the deep fuselage. This might have been my error but Magna got this better. The glaring omission from both the models, which I should have spotted and added earlier, is the folding internal sunshade, which runs the length of the inside of the canopy along wires. Neither of my Brigands had this, though I am not sure how I might have modelled it. Certainly on photos this shade is clear to see and sits high in the large canopy roof.

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The Valom main wheels are too small and don’t fit the undercarriage legs well. I had a bit of work to do here and should have looked for a replacement set of wheels. The gun troughs, which initially confused me when I was sticking them to the insides of the forward fuselage, are well shaped but lack any gun muzzle detail. I also had to replace the solid piece DF loop housing as all my sources showed this to be a transparent Perspex item, as correctly depicted by Magna. I carved a new piece from clear plastic sprue. The resin cast engines are nicely detailed, but as noted above I am not sure they were visible on the Brigand as a row of cooling blades appear to be mounted across the front of each engine. I did not attempt to replicate this. On the other hand, the exhausts came as nicely moulded resin parts. The Valom kit has good instructions and offers two schemes with full markings. The decals went on well. I did wonder about the red colour of the Ace of Spades marking on the outside of the fins but the reference works suggested it was indeed red and not black so I used the decals as they came. I hand painted the model, gave it a coat of Humbrol semi matt varnish, dry brushed the noticeable exhaust stains and highlighted some panel and control surface detail with MIG dark washes. Like many modellers I never really know how far to go with the weathering, but operations in the hot damp conditions of Malaya took its toll on the aircraft’s finish. I did not fit the underwing rockets, which are provided in the kit, although they were frequently carried. Their precise location is vague and the instructions did not help with fitting, so having applied the large underwing serials, I left it at that. The Brigand in service also carried a couple of bombs in a tandem configuration under the forward fuselage. This is not however a kit option. Finally I added the various antennae from thin wire rather than the flat etch pieces. I still need to add the long radio aerials that stretch back to the tips of the fins.

Conclusion If you are interested in esoteric, lesser known RAF operated aircraft, and want to understand better the design development of the Bristol Aeroplane Company, adding a Brigand is a must. Valom have produced a worthy model, though it is not without its faults and in some areas, the older Magna kit has the edge in accuracy. Overall though, this later, more modern injection moulded kit has the upper hand. I was pleased with the end result and am contemplating building the Brigand T.4 next.

DEFIANT

A Look in the Box By Huw Morgan

Kit No: 02899 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Trumpeter Pocketbond/Squadron

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he Boulton Paul Defiant was the least known of the three low winged fighters facing the Luftwaffe in the crucible of the Battle of Britain, overshadowed in performance and public familiarity by the Spitfire and the Hurricane. The concept of a turret armed day fighter could be traced back to the perceived benefits of those two seat aircraft developed during World War I with separately aimed offensive guns like the Bristol F2b and resulted in Air Ministry Specification F.9/35 for a modern equivalent. The successful design by Boulton Paul, which became known as the Defiant, suffered from the inescapable burden of the weight and drag of the turret when facing sleeker, more nimble single seaters. Trumpeter's rendering of the Defiant appears to have had a long gestation, being promised for some time and finally appearing in early 2017, trailing the new Airfix version by a significant margin, potentially a crucial marketing slip. Trumpeter's kit arrives in a typically sturdy box with an atmospheric painting on the front, presumably representing the high point in the Defiant's war record, over the Channel during Dunkirk, where on

29th May 1940 Defiants of 264 Squadron claimed thirty seven German aircraft, including two Bf 109s, largely due to the element of surprise generated by the four 0.303 Brownings during the then conventional Luftwaffe attacks from above and behind. Inside the box are three sprues holding sixty seven plastic parts, a clear sprue of nine parts and a small photo etched fret. The decal sheet covers two airframes: • TW-H/L7009 Cock of the North of 141 Squadron, probably in July 1940, in RAF day fighter green/brown/grey • DZ-Z/N3328 of 151 Squadron in early 1941, in overall Night with red codes and an unusual shark mouth and eyes on the nose The plastic parts are very cleanly moulded, with restrained recessed panel lines, rivets and fasteners, and some evident slide mould sophistication in the hollow gun barrels and exhausts. The photo etch parts provide for a rather coarse mesh for the radiator front and the gunner's seat, perhaps a slightly strange choice, since pilot's and gunner's belts would have been more helpful. There's a five piece cockpit tub, including sidewalls with strong detail and a rather plain seat. The clear parts offer a two piece pilot's canopy, but the turret glazing is only provided in the closed up configuration, with the difference in diameter between the gun shield part and the opening rear segments not being as emphasised as it should be. Frame lines are clearly defined so masking should be straightforward. Smaller parts like the undercarriage are well rendered, the separate U/C doors and tail wheel being an advance on the Airfix kit, and overall the engineering looks like it

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will result in a trouble free, well fitting build. All of the above notwithstanding, the kit has received a rather lukewarm response on several modelling forum sites, lots of it posted before the kit was actually available and without direct experience of the plastic, which says something about jumping the gun! Having examined the kit contents however, there's no doubt that there are some telling issues, the most significant, but not necessarily only, being: • The decals are all but unusable for anything approaching an accurate replica. The schemes are okay but a bit obvious, and the colours of the red, yellow and grey of the decals are way off reality, being far too bright, seen clearly when compared to aftermarket options. • The wooden retracting fairing behind the turret is an odd shape, being a bit short and too curved across the top • The upper fuselage behind the turret is completely the wrong shape, being too high and with a downward curve to the rear decking where in reality it should be a straight line from the turret base • The cross-section of the rear fuselage is wrong, being curved in a continuous sweep from the fuselage sides to the turret fairing. In the real aircraft, the fuselage sides broke at the line of the turret ring to a trapezoidal shape which had the retracted fairing as its flat top • The lower turret ring is necessarily too small in diameter to fit between the thick fuselage sides, leaving an unrealistic gap fore and aft

• The nose looks a bit skinny for the bulbous shape used to enclose the Merlin 3 • The ailerons, elevators and rudder have a fabric effect which is rather overdone, attracting some of the pithier comments in the blogosphere • Regrettably the kit is priced significantly higher than the recent Airfix release, which even with its engineering complexity, appears to offer a more accurate shape, although no direct comparison has been made during this review Phew! All that said Trumpeter's instructions look straightforward although uninspiring, not offering any history of the aircraft or details of the marking options, with the information above coming from my references, and colour call outs for Mr Hobby Aqueous only. The ten assembly stages are clear and unambiguous, consistent with the modest parts count. Taping a few parts together suggests that fit will not be an issue. At the time of writing the aftermarket doesn't recognise the Trumpeter kit at all, although there are a few bits available for the Airfix kit that will probably fit, including later six stub exhausts from AML, fishtail and ejector exhausts, guns, U/C doors from Quickboost, wheels from Barracudacast, U/C legs from SAC, photo etch from Eduard and crucially, new decals for six schemes from Xtradecal. This kit has had a bad press so far, some justified and some speculative, but I'm still looking forward to seeing what it can be made into. Thanks to Pocketbond for the review kit and Xtradecal for the new decals.

WA L K A R O U N D

Grumman F7F Tigercat By Steve Muth - Peregrine Publishing All photos, unless otherwise noted, are by the author with permission of the museum staff.

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ased on the XP-50 and XP-65 Skyrockets, the XF7F contract was signed on 30th June 1941, but like its sibling the Bearcat, the Tigercat was too late to see service in World War II. Like the Bearcat, it too was delivered to a combat squadron but the war ended before they could be employed. Although designed to operate from Midway class carriers most ended up with the Marine Corps and operated from land bases as attack aircraft or night fighters. With the Marines, F7F-3Ns were deployed to Korea during the Korean War and used for night interception and ground interdiction by VMF(N)513. The F7F-3N had an SCR-720 radar and a second crew member (RO). Of the 364 Tigercats built, 189 were F7F-3s and sixty were F7F-3Ns. All F7Fs were withdrawn from service in 1954 as they were replaced by jets. This Aircraft The F7F-3 aircraft featured here is the F7F-3 at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola Naval Air Station next in Pensacola, Florida. It is Bu.No. 80373. After serving with the USN until the late 1940s, it was sold into civilian hands and was employed as an air tanker fighting forest fires. The museum obtained it from T. B. M. Inc. in Tulare, California in flyable condition. It was restored externally and subsequently put on display. It was photographed on 9th April 2012 with the permission and help of the museum staff.

Camouflage and Markings The F7F Bearcats were delivered finished in overall glossy sea blue, FS15042, per SR-2e which specified that all carrier based aircraft be

painted overall glossy sea blue with an effective date of 26th June 1944. Sr-15e, with an affectivity date of 10th October 1944, specified interior finishes. In the cockpit all surfaces above the bottom of the instrument panel were to be Instrument Black, FS27040, while all surfaces below the bottom of the instrument panel were to be Interior Green. Bomb bays and other interior structural areas, including the interior of the wing fold, were to be zinc chromate tinted with ten ounces of black and four ounces of silver paste per gallon. Landing gear and landing gear wells were to be painted the same colour as the rest of the airframe. National markings were to be in the standard six positions with the blue of the insignia being deleted. Only the white portions of the insignia, FS17875, were to be applied. Amendment 2, to AN-1-9b, dated 14th January 1947 added a red, FS11136, bar to the white bars of the insignia. The width of the red bar was to be one sixth the radius of the blue circle. Nose numbers, as found on the NMNA aircraft, is the aircraft identification number while the tail usually carried the unit identification. They were generally white, and also found under the left wing. There were no uniform sequences or criteria for the nose numbers. It was left up to the local Commander. Tail codes were specified for the unit. Engine cases were grey and the propellers were dull black with three inch yellow tips. The cockpit of the aircraft featured here conforms to these directives as do the main wheel wells but the nose wheel well does not. The nose wheel well appears to be yellow zinc chromate. This may be due to the aircraft’s use as a water bomber with TBM in California and the entire nose may have been swapped out. At any rate, it just goes on to show nothing is cast in

concrete. The F7F-3 in the Planes of Fame collection, also unrestored last I heard, has the wheel wells painted in the airframe colour, a dark sea blue, as is the wing fold. As always, it pays to research the plane you want to model. The captions in this walkaround are mainly of the F7F Tigercat on display at National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola NAS, FL, and a few in the Planes of Fame Air Museum at Chino, CA and at The Pima Air and Space Museum in Pima, Arizona as noted. The NMNA photos were taken on 21st February 2005 and 9th April 2012 while the POF photos were taken on 28th February 1992. The NMNA Tigercat was fully restored and on display while the POF Tigercat looked unrestored and was outdoors in the rear of the museum.

References National Museum of Naval Aviation - The Aircraft Collection edited by Patrick M. Hickman, published by the Naval Aviation Museum Foundation, 2011, 152 pages. One page per aircraft in the collection. Available in the museum gift shop Air Combat Special Tigercat by Kurt Miska, Eagle Aviation Enterprises, 1971, 34 pages. Excellent if you can find one The Official US Navy & Marine Corps Aircraft Color Guide Vol. 2, 1940-1949 by John M. Elliott Maj. USMC(Ret.), Monogram Aviation Publications, 1989, 194 pages. The bible of USN and USMC aircraft colours and markings with real paint colour chips F7F Tigercat in Action 79 byCaptain W. E. Scarborough, Squadron Signal Publications, 1986, 50 pages

Cockpit starboard side

F7F-3 at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola

Cockpit forward, showing many of the little details in the windscreen area

Starboard main landing gear outboard rear

Cockpit port side illustrating that the cockpit is indeed flat black from the bottom of the instrument panel up while below it is Interior Green. The seat, control column and rudder pedal assembly are also Interior Green. The pedals themselves are black. The seat shows considerable wear down through the zinc chromate primer to the bare metal

Cockpit forward centre panel with details of the control column’s base

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WA L K A R O U N D

Starboard main landing gear inboard front

Starboard main landing gear outboard rear

Nose landing gear starboard side

Nose landing gear starboard front

Nose landing gear well aft. Notice that unlike the main landing gear the nose wheel well is not painted Glossy Sea Blue but rather appears unrestored and weathered down to the bare metal in many places with traces of zinc chromate apparent. Even the well doors seem bare. The zinc chromate is more apparent here

Nose landing gear roof

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WA L K A R O U N D

F7F-3 at Pima Air and Space Museum, Pima

Pima Air and Space Museum airframe, starboard wing fold

15. F7F-3 starboard engine port front

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M I G E - 152 M

Mikoyan’s MiG E-152M By Ken Duffey

Kit No: 82131 Scale: 148 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Eduard www.eduard.com

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he last of Mikoyan's Big MiG delta winged interceptors, the E-152M, was a development of the preceding E-152-2 and E152P and fitted with small canard fore planes, which after initial flight tests were removed, leaving just their stub mounting fairings. The E152M suffered the same fate as it predecessor, the unreliable R-15300 turbojet. Test launches of the proposed wing tip mounted K-80 air-to-air missiles indicated a lack of rigidity in the launch rails, causing the

missiles to wobble and lose target lock-on. The Mikoyan OKB proposed a fix with the launch rails mounted under a stiffened outer wing, with a small upward canted winglet above, although in the end they were not fitted. The E-152M weapons system, called Uragan-5, also gave trouble and trials of it were suspended in 1962 effectively relegating the interceptor to the role of flying test bed. Following completion of the flight test programme the E-152M was put on display at the Air Force Museum at Monino wearing the spurious colours and markings of the record breaking E-166.

Modelsvit's MiG E-152M This new release is the third of the Big MiG family to be kitted by Modelsvit following on from their E-150 and E-152A kits. Moulded in medium grey plastic with fine engraved panel detail, it is very well executed, although still of the limited run style with large sprue gates but no flash to speak of. The eleven plastic sprues are packaged together in a large plastic bag with a separate smaller bag containing

the clear sprue, decals and selfadhesive masks for the canopy, dielectric aerials and wheel hubs. The eight page instruction booklet has a brief potted history of the type, recommended colours keyed to Humbrol paints, a sprue diagram and exploded style construction diagrams with painting suggestions throughout. The back page has a colour four view painting diagram with a decal and masking placement guide. An etched brass fret is included for the perforated ring around the intake shock cone and also includes four intake baffles, undercarriage detail and straps for the ejection seat. The large decal sheet has seven red stars, one of which is a spare, instrument panel and side console decals and dozens of stencil markings.

Fuselage Construction The ejection seat is made up from no less than nine parts and builds into a superbly detailed replica of the E-152M's seat, so no resin replacement needed here! Once painted and with the addition of the etched brass straps it really

looks the part. The nose wheel bay is next, made up from a roof with side and end panels being added to form a rectangular box. One thing about these limited run kits is the need to fettle each component before committing to the glue as the parts need to be sanded square to provide a true mating surface on all the joins. The nose wheel leg with its half fork is trapped between the two side panels of the nose wheel bay and if not glued at this stage it can be folded into the bay to avoid damage during construction. The fuselage main wheel bays are each made up from four parts, again after a little fettling of the mating surfaces. Next up is the combined nose cone/intake side walls, undercarriage bay (which forms the cockpit floor), rudder pedals, control column, rear cockpit bulkhead and ejection seat, which are all glued together to form a cockpit tub/intake/shock cone. The cockpit interior is painted light grey and the instrument decals applied to the side consoles prior to

Fuselage sprues. Note the cutout in the lower fuselage Wings, tailplanes and fin

First page of the instruction booklet

Last page of the instructions with painting, decal and canopy masking guides

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Nose cone/intake, fuselage cutout, rear bulkhead and nose wheel bay parts

Undercarriage and jet pipe parts

M I G E - 152 M

K-80 missiles and ventral fuel tank

Ejection seat, canopy masks and canopy plus HUD

Nose wheel bay assembled along with the main wheel bays

Nine part ejection seat displaying a little flash

Etched brass fret and decal sheet

Parts for the nose wheel bay

First attempt at cockpit/intake construction as per the instructions Made up ejection seat note the superb detail

My version - fitting the rear cockpit bulkhead to the fuselage first

Instrument panel decals applied

Jet pipe components

Main sub assemblies ready for mating. Note the join down the rudder

The painted ejection seat is a superb piece of moulding

Dummy K-80 missile on the port wing with test missile to starboard

Cockpit/intake squeezed into the starboard fuselage half with assembled jet pipe at the rear. Note the separate fuselage insert with main wheel bays and the white plastic tabs to aid alignment

Modelsvit's three BiG MiGs from left to right E-150, E152A and E-152M

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M I G E - 152 M assembly. To digress a little I had quite a bit of trouble constructing this sub assembly and getting it to fit inside the fuselage halves. The fuselage just would not close up around it, leaving gaps at the top and bottom. I would recommend adding the rear bulkhead to the starboard fuselage first to form a reference point then cementing the shock cone/intake sides together and finally sliding the nosewheel bay sub assembly in from the rear. I still needed to shave off plastic from the outer faces of the tub before the fuselage would join up, but I got there in the end. Meanwhile the instrument panel, complete with decal, is fitted along with a top coaming and clear HUD. The extreme tip of the shock cone is a separate tiny part presumably to provide a sharp moulding. Having discovered when making the companion E-152A that the etched brass perforated ring around the shock cone cannot be seen on the finished model, I left it off, along with the four etched vanes, sacrilege I know, but I'm all for an easy life. With the shock cone painted green and the intake interior aluminium, the tub was glued into the starboard fuselage half following the tribulations outlined above. Before cementing the port fuselage half to the starboard, a tailpipe is constructed from two semi-circular halves, with internal parts, to which is added a turbine face and afterburner flame holder and an exhaust ring (I left off this latter item until the end to aid painting). The previously constructed main wheel bays are added to a lower fuselage insert, which is also cemented in place. I glued plastic card tabs along the front and rear edges to make a ledge for a better fit. With the intake tub, lower fuselage insert and rear jet pipe in place, the fuselage halves can now be joined up.

Wings and Things The delta wings are in upper and lower halves each side, the lower half fitting into a recess at the rear to give a sharp trailing edge. Covers over the upper aileron actuators are separate parts that have to be cemented into position. The tailplanes are each in two halves, again with the lower half fitting into a recess and the same goes

for the vertical fin, although here the recess is right along the port rudder half, which results in a join to be filled. Why not make the join along the rudder hinge line, Modelsvit? I skipped forward on the construction sequence and fitted the wings, tailplanes, fin and front cooling outlet bulge on the upper nose. Modelsvit thoughtfully prove a small front view drawing showing the anhedral angle of the wings to the fuselage. Also included are three styles of wing tip with either straight extensions of the delta wings, wing tip pylons for the K-80 missiles, or the proposed fix for the wobbly missiles, i.e. under wing tip pylons with winglets, although the latter were never actually fitted. I fitted the wing tip pylons and the nose canards, which although removed early on in the flight testing, looked more interesting in my opinion. Parts for the stub mountings are included should you not wish to fit the canards. After a quick wash in warm soapy water and a dry in the airing cupboard, the model was ready to paint.

Painting and Decalling The nose cone had already been painted green and masked off, so it was just a matter of applying the same green to the dielectric panels on the fin tip, upper nose, wing leading edges and circular antenna on the upper wings. Included among the adhesive masks are coverings for the smaller dielectric panels, the upper fin panel being masked with Tamiya tape. The cockpit was masked off using a small piece of sponge stuffed inside. Unlike its predecessors, the E-150 and E-152A, the MiG E-152M was painted in an overall pale grey colour, with Humbrol 196 being recommended by Modelsvit. I used a rattle can of Halfords Ford Polar Grey, which I find is a great match and easy to use. With the paint dried to a nice gloss finish, the dark ring around the nose was masked and painted Polished Steel as per the instructions along with the Gun Metal painted exhaust ring. The decals, six red stars to the fin and wings and dozens of small stencils all over the airframe, were applied. I used small amounts of Micro Sol and they went on superbly with not the slightest hint of silvering. To seal the decals and provide

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an overall uniform finish, I applied a mist coat from a rattle can of Games Workshop Purity Seal, which is an acrylic satin varnish that goes on superbly.

Final Approach The wheel hubs had already been painted green, so the two halves of the main wheels were cemented together and after applying the masks supplied to the hubs all three tyres were painted Humbrol 67 Matt Tank Grey. The gear legs are pale grey and were cemented to the wings, and again the join is not very positive, and the outer doors attached skewed at forty degrees as indicated on the instruction sheet. A little strength is provided by the addition of the actuating rams and the main leg assembly is completed with the addition of the etched brass linkage. The nose leg was folded down and the separate half of the front fork attached, trapping the nose wheel in between. Final additions include the main and nose wheel doors, each with appropriate actuating rams, and the ventral air brake, which I fitted just drooping rather than fully open. These were followed by two long underwing strakes plus two small fairings on the underside next to the flaps. The painted main wheels each had a flat spot shaved off and were attached to the main legs, again the tiny stub axle not helping in making for a strong joint. The aircraft could now sit on its wheels, but very gently as they are not the most robust assemblies. Although not used during flight testing, I added the seven part drop tank under the centre fuselage, simply because I wanted a half-wayhouse look between a test and operational airframe, a sort of what-might-have been. The wing tip K-80 missiles are each made up from six parts with one test missile being painted white with black markings, the other dummy one in plain silver. These were glued in place on the starboard and port wing tip pylons respectively. A small air data probe forward of the canopy and the massive under nose probe were the penultimate things to be fitted, the final item being the clear canopy. As provided by Modelsvit, the canopy is

M I G E - 152 M supposed to be fitted in the closed position but I wanted to be different and show off how it opens forward, just like the new Lockheed F-35. When removing the canopy from the sprue, I found that instead of cutting the sprue connection close to the front of the canopy, if I cut it closer to the sprue and trimmed it down, it made a halfway decent mounting rod. After dipping the canopy in Future and masking it with the supplied masks it was painted, before being attached into a predrilled hole in the upper fuselage in the open position.

Conclusion Completing Modelsvit's foray into modelling the Big MiG family, this latest addition really captures the brutal look of the huge single engined machine. Moulding is superb, detail is finely engraved and the inclusion of etched brass and self-adhesive masks really makes this a self-contained package, needing no aftermarket additions. Now if only Modelsvit would rerelease it with the blue and white trimmed markings for the record-breaking E-166 at Monino, I would be a happy chappy. I have loads of walk round photos ready!

References MiG Aircraft by Bill Gunston and Yefim Gordon, Putnam OKB MiG by Piotr Butowski with Jay Miller, Midland Counties Soviet Heavy Interceptors by Yefim Gordon, Volume 19 in Midland Counties Red Star series

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F-15 EAGLE

Strike Eagle in Scale By Rick Greenwood The Cartograf decal sheet provided with this edition

alignment location pins and sockets. The kit is broken down in a suitable manner for the type with an upper and lower portion for the fuselage coupled with port and starboard halves for the forward nose section.

Fine detail of the upper surface of the fuselage is apparent on inspection of the parts

Kit No: 12550 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic The unconventional breakdown of some of the parts had me concerned for fit issues when first viewed

The model features full internal intake ducting

The ducts were clamped together to eliminate the internal seams

Intake ducts glued into position in the lower fuselage

Manufacturer: Academy Pocketbond/Squadron

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he F-15 Strike Eagle surely needs no introduction as most modellers who favour more modern types will be familiar with the aircraft. A development of the fighter variant of the F-15 Eagle the E saw a true fighter become an interdiction/strike platform. After extensive development from McDonald Douglas, the Strike Eagle entered operational service in 1989. The type has seen extensive deployment in anger in operations around the world and is currently deployed as part of Operation Inherent Resolve in the skies above Syria. Opening the box revels the eight sprues holding the dark grey plastic parts contained in plastic bags. Evident immediately is the exquisitely engraved surface detail on the upper surface of the wings, and a quick check confirmed this to be consistently repeated over the entire model. With the parts spread over the work bench the other noticeable feature are the large

The internal jet exhaust parts are added on to an insert to the lower fuselage

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The instruction booklet is well laid out and has clear pictorial diagrams to assist the modeller through the sixteen assembly stages. There are separate stencil placement guides for the four profiles of the model but the main marking guide is small in comparison. Construction for once doesn't begin with the cockpit, but with the full length internal intake trunking, with a reasonable view down the air intakes on the finished model. The internal surfaces were painted Tamiya Gloss White before a quick dry fit of the lower section checked the fit around the main gear bays. The compressor faces of the engines were painted silver and a dark wash added to help the detail stand out. A number of location pins and holes made alignment easier so the parts were cemented together before being secured to the lower portion of the fuselage. The inner parts of the jet cans were then painted before they were added to the separate rear section of the lower fuselage. This was held in place with an arrangement of pins and clips and once seated correctly the fit was perfect. Only a small amount of liquid cement was used to hold everything in place applied from the inside so as not to mark any of the outer surfaces.

Perfect fit and the tail plane added

Academy suggest that the upper surface parts be added next, trapping the tail planes as they shroud the jet exhaust parts. A more useful approach was to add this section of the rear fuselage to the top section first to make sure a perfect fit was achievable. This is a highly discernible area on the finished kit so time spent ensuring a good fit will pay dividends later. With the part added satisfactorily, the separate lower inner wing portions were also added and the sub assembly was then set aside so the glue could set fully. Continuing work on the upper fuselage the intake ramps were fitted and simply clicked into place with another perfect fit effortlessly obtained. The next step of the build deals with the forward nose section. The cockpit tub and instrument panels feature some nice raised details for the instruments, dials and switches. The tub was painted FS36231 Dark Gull Gray and once dry the side consoles and instrument panels were painted satin black. Dry brushing with a lighter shade of grey made the details stand out and this was over emphasised a little so the detail can be seen with the cockpit closed as the canopy cannot be shown in the open position with this model. Tamiya Clear Green was used to show the multifunction displays on both the instrument panels, while the switches and other raised detail were picked out with red and yellow where applicable to add interest. The two ACES II ejector seats are more than acceptable considering the closed canopy, and

At the front end the intake ramps were a simple press fit

F - 15 E A G L E

The raised detail in the cockpit is superb were painted satin black while the seat cushions were painted dark green. No belts were added, but the kit supplied decals on the head box are a nice touch. The nose gear bay was then added but the gear was left off to avoid any damage during the rest of the build. The leg can be added later with simple trimming of the locator tabs to avoid them fouling the outer lip of the nose gear bay. With the cockpit now completed, the tub was trapped between the forward nose halves and pushed together firmly. A slight seam was noticeable along the upper nose profile so a small amount of Tamiya Extra Thin was added to secure the joint. The front section was then secured to the main upper surface of the fuselage by way of a large key. The fit here was very tight but again everything lined up with no disparity, with no glue added as the locking method was deemed sufficient. The lower fuselage piece was then fitted and this resulted in a small gap around the front of the stabilators and the rear of the upper intakes. This was conquered with deft application of Tamiya Extra Thin and thoughtful use of clamps to hold everything in place while the glue dried overnight. The clamps were removed and the forward sections of each conformal fuel tank (CFT) were pushed into place. The joints are along panel lines but they still needed a tiny amount of Mr Surfacer to tone them down enough to match the neighbouring engraved detail.

The cockpit tub was trapped between the front nose sections with the aerials added as well Once dry the surplus putty was removed with a cotton bud dipped in Tamiya X20 thinners. This removed the residual filler without causing any damage to the surrounding plastic. The CFT pylons were added next and these were an uncomplicated fit to the recess along the fuselage, and this was repeated with the same system for the targeting and navigation pods. With the bulk of assembly now finished there was no remedial work necessary and the aircraft was primed using Alclad grey filler primer. The model was then washed and scrubbed with an old tooth brush before being left to dry before painting commenced. With the cockpit opening masked and an old paintbrush used as a handle the FS36118 Gunship Gray colour scheme was applied by airbrush. Enamel paint was used from the Xtracolor range (X130) well thinned with cellulose thinners and its drying time accelerated by adding a few drops of Rustin's gloss paint driers. The metallic area at the rear of the fuselage was then carefully masked and painted with Alclad Aluminium. Despite the gloss finish of the Xtracolor grey a coat of clear gloss floor polish was still added to ensure the base coat of paint was not damaged during the weathering and decal application processes to follow. While the paint dried the under wing stores were built up and painted. These consisted of a pair of drop tanks, AIM 9X sidewinder airto-air missiles along with AIM120s.

Note the large location tabs and holes All the parts were again a simple push fit onto the launchers or pylons but a little glue was added to be on the safe side. Air-toground weapons consisted of GBU-38 500lb Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JADAM) for the CFT pylons. The modeller has no less than a dozen of these to make up from the separate body and tail units. Having been painted there is also number of decals for each type of ordnance to be applied.

Joined together the tabs form a circular section that fits into the corresponding location tab on the upper fuselage part

With a little persuasion the fit of the nose section to fuselage is perfect

Once concluded, test fitting of the JDAMs showed that they were a little high with the body of the weapon not sitting on the sway braces moulded into the pylons. A simple and effective fix was to cut around 1mm off each mounting pin to reduce its height. The kit supplied decals are printed by Cartograf, and look faultless in their printing and colour. The logical choice was to depict airframe 88-1700 as it has striking nose art in the form of a green dragon, but two other options are also included all with SJ tail codes and various coloured bands for the tops of the tails. Some thought was needed in the sequence of adding the decals around the port nose side as the artwork partially covers some of them and vice versa and the decal placement guide doesn't indicate this for the modeller.

The pylons were another simple push fit

After a primer coat a paint brush made a good handle

No problems were experienced with their application and no undesirable reaction was noted when using Daco Red strong setting solution. The stencil data supplied on the decal sheet is comprehensive but

FS36118 and Alclad Aluminium made up the paint work

Drop tanks and missiles were painted while the main airframe dried

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VoluME 39 • ISSuE 07

37

F-15 EAGLE only the obvious items were used to avoid a festooned look to the model. The undercarriage was dealt with next and can easily be added at this later stage in the build regardless of what the instructions suggest. The parts are quite well detailed for the scale and the undercarriage legs and wheel hubs were painted gloss white, before having a pale grey wash applied to bring out the detail. The tyres were painted with Mr Hobby Tire Black (H77) and then added to the model. The finished weapons load looks the part given the small scale

Making a dozen 1/72 JDAMS was a little repetitive!

The canopy and jet exhausts were a bit of a disappointment. The canopy is thick and moulded as a single item, so cannot be displayed in the raised position. Modification to show it open would involve a lot of work as the windscreen would need to be separated from the main canopy and the rear decking is moulded into the fuselage in the closed position making it challenging to remove and replicate open. A centreline seam had to be removed from the clear part using a finger nail buffer procured from the local pound store. The imperfection was sanded away and then polished to a high shine by working through the different sides of the file. The frames were masked using Tamiya masking tape before being sprayed satin black to allow the interior colour to be viewed from the inside. Once dry a top coat of Gunship Gray was then added to finish off.

A quick test fit proved the fit was good and no glue required

The clear part for the Heads Up Display had an ejector pin mark right in the centre. This was carefully sanded out before the clear plastic was tinted green with Tamiya transparent colour. The two parts were then simply pushed into place with the friction of the locating pins being sufficient to hold both securely. The jet cans are not in keeping with the refinement found elsewhere in the model. The items used for the American airframe are moulded closed and the actuator arms are moulded as one solid part that appears as a ridge in the plastic and simply doesn't create the mechanical look of the original parts. Despite their shortcomings there was no alternative other than to use what was provided in the kit, but this is one area that is crying out for resin replacements.

Wheel wells masked before being painted white. The pale dots on the pylons are a result of having their ends nipped off

The disappointing burner cans

Drop tanks and missiles were painted while the main airframe dried

38 w w w. s c a l e a i r c r a F t m o d e l l i n g . co. u k

The inside surfaces were painted white with a small amount of Buff added to tone it down a little. The external parts were then painted using Alclad shades and pastels rubbed into the metalwork to impart a burnt look to the opening. Again these parts were a push fit eliminating the need for glue and preventing damage to the delicate metallic paintwork. The vent behind the canopy was painted Alclad Steel and pushed into place along with the antennae just forward of the air brake. The pitot tubes on the sides of the nose were again painted steel and the starboard side item added as Academy intended. The base was sliced off the port side piece as the hole is covered by the Dragon nose art decal. The pitot was glued in place with a touch of superglue on top of the location hole, and care will be needed when handling the model in the future to avoid pulling the decal off accidentally. The model was now complete and just needed a quick application of satin varnish to conclude the build.

Conclusion All things considered this is a fantastic tooling of the Eagle from Academy. It is easy and quick to build with little in the way of fit issues and the clever engineering certainly assists the modeller. The box top proudly claims this to be the ‘modeller's edition’ and one can only presume at this point that the Cartograf decal sheet would be replaced by stickers and perhaps the return of multicoloured plastic to save painting, in the ‘normal boxing'. Academy clearly intend this to be an easy to assemble model aimed at perhaps the casual modeller, though they have also succeeded in providing the more experienced modeller with an up to date tooling of the Strike Eagle that features some fantastic surface detail. The negative point is the very simple and crude exhaust parts and it would have been nice to have the option of displaying the canopy open considering the lovely cockpit detail. Judged on fit and the panel detail the kit is a worthy challenger to the title of best in scale. Until next time...

AIRCRAFT iN PRofilE

ISSUE 19

By Jim Burridge

Reserve Air Wing 91 at Squantum and South Weymouth

PBY-6A Bu.No 46650, 1953 (W. R. Daugherty)

Dedicated to the memory of the crew of the VS-914 S2F-1 lost at sea off Cuba on the night of 1st April 1960: LCDR Warren McKenna, LT Armand Langlais, Aviation Officer Candidate Peter Ruscitti and Airman Richard White.

i

n December 1949 the Naval Air Reserve was reorganized into twenty seven air wings, including 311 individual squadrons. The air wing numbers were assigned alphabetically, with NAS Akron, ohio getting RAW-65 and NAS Willow Grove, Pennsylvania getting the RAW-93 designation. At NAS Squantum in Quincy, Massachusetts there had been eight fighter and attack squadrons assigned to CVEG-56, CVEG-57, CVlG-58, and CVG-77, one patrol squadron and two transport squadrons. The new air wing had seven fighter (Vf) squadrons numbered Vf-911 through Vf-917, one patrol squadron (VP-911), two transport squadrons (VR-911 and VR-912), two Composite ASW squadrons (VC-912 and VC-913), one Composite Attack squadron (VC911) and an Air Wing Staff (AWS-911). At the time of the reorganization these squadrons were assigned a total of 110 aircraft, sixty eight Corsairs, six Catalinas, thirteen Avengers, two R4Ds, thirteen SNJs and eight SNB/JRBs. 193 pilots were assigned. The inability to lengthen Squantum’s runways to accommodate jets, and the airspace conflicts with nearby logan Airport, doomed the facility, and it was closed forever in December 1953. RAW-91 and all other activities moved to South Weymouth, a World War ii blimp base that had been in mothball

status. in July 1968 all reserve squadrons were redesignated and billet assignments to the squadrons realigned to make them better prepared to assume active duty status. As the events of 1970 were to show, it was to some extent putting old wine in new bottles. Air Wing Staff 91 became NARDiV Z1 but the basic RAW-91 structure remained in place until 1970 under new designations. Although Reserve Air Wing 91 officially ended in July 1968, this article tracks the redesignated component squadrons until the major reorganization in 1970.

SNJ-6 Bu.No 111960, 1950 (Tom Cuddy)

Attack (VA) Squadrons VC-911 became the sole successor to VA-56, VA-58, VA-77 and VA-78, all of which had flown the SB2C-5. The Helldivers were retired and VC-911 became an Avenger unit, flying the TBM-3E. VC-911 became VA-911 in 1950 and became a Corsair squadron. it was slated to receive the AM-1 Mauler, but got f4U-4s and fG-1Ds instead. By the end of 1951 two new squadrons, VA-912 and VA-913, had been established, which brought the number of Vf, VA and VMf squadrons flying the fifty or so Corsairs assigned to Squantum to eleven. By mid 1952 all the Corsairs had been allocated to Korea or training for Korea, and seventeen f6f-5s were assigned. By 1953 the Corsairs were back and the three VA squadrons were sharing a pool of forty one fG-1Ds with five Vf and two VMf squadrons. A few f4U-4s were added to the mix when the Korean War ended. When the RAW-91 Vf squadrons began transitioning to the f9f-6 in 1954 the VA Corsair squadrons were

R5D-3 Bu.No 56526, 1963 (Tom Cuddy)

TBM-3E Bu.No 53638, 1950 (US Navy

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE disestablished. Two of these attack squadrons were reestablished in 1962 as VAJ-911 (Attack Jet) and VAJ-912, flying the A-4B and TA-4B Skyhawk. These soon reverted to the more conventional VA-911 and VA-912. The two squadrons shared between eleven and twenty five A4s and two T-1As or T-33Bs with VMF-322. When the Naval Air Reserve was reorganized again in 1968 they became VA2Z-1 and VA6Z-2 respectively. They were combined in 1970 to form VA-210 of the CVWR-20 (Reserve Tactical Carrier Air Wing 20) but soon after VA-210 was decommissioned. Annual active duty training was conducted at such installations as NAS Jacksonville, Florida, NAS New Orleans, Louisiana, NAS Oceana, Virginia and NAS Yuma, Arizona. Attack aircraft assigned to RAW-91 frequently conducted practice bombing missions on the range at No Man’s Island, located near Martha’s Vineyard, and against a beached Liberty Ship on Billingsgate Shoal in Cape Cod Bay. All Avengers, Corsairs and Hellcats were glossy Sea Blue with orange reserve bands. Corsair and Hellcat side numbers were noted from 2 to 52. A-4s were all grey and white with fluorescent red-orange panels and NAVY-MARINE on the rear fuselage. By the mid 1960s the conspicuity panels were deleted. Side numbers were in the 22 to 43 range.

TBM-3W 1955 (Tom Cuddy)

SH-3A Bu.No 8690, 1967 (US Navy)

SNB-5 Bu.No 51034, 1961 (Jim Burridge)

Anti Submarine (VS) Squadrons

Aerial view of NAS South Weymouth, 1964 (US Navy via John Galluzzo)

HTE-2s, 1952 (US Navy via John Galluzzo)

The two Composite ASW squadrons shared thirteen to sixteen TBM-3Es with the Composite Attack Squadron VC-911 until 1950. In 1951 the Composite designations were dropped and the ASW squadrons were redesignated VS-912 and VS-913(VC-911 became VA-911 and began flying the FG-1D Corsair). VS-913 was called up in February 1951 for Korea and assigned to NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island, where it transitioned to the AF-2S and AF-2W Guardian. A second VS squadron was established to replace VS-913 and in 1952 the squadrons acquired TBM-3Ss and TBM-3Ws. Two ECM configured TBM-3Qs were also assigned. The two squadrons operated this mix of Avengers until 1954, when they transitioned to the AF-2S and AF-2W Guardians. Aircraft assigned during the Avenger era ranged from thirteen to twenty five. In 1955 a third squadron, the second VS-913, was commissioned. The original VS-913 became VS-39 and served as an S-2 squadron until it was disestablished in 1968. Fifteen AF-2s were assigned to the three VS squadrons. The three squadrons began transitioning to the S2F-1 in 1956 and by 1957 the Guardians were gone. A fourth squadron was added in 1956, and by 1958 there were six VS squadrons in RAW-91. Aircraft assigned reached twenty two in 1960, but declined after that. Although VS-915 basically remained at South Weymouth

when activated in October 1961 for the Berlin crisis, the five remaining reserve squadrons shared six S2F1s. While on active duty VS-915s S2F-1s carried the CS tail code. VS915 did make short deployments to NAS Guantanamo Bay, Cuba during this period. After VS-915 returned in April 1962 aircraft assigned ranged from seven to twelve. Three squadrons were decommissioned in 1962, leaving three, and these began upgrading to the S-2D in 1967 and later to the S-2E. When RAW-91 was reorganized in 1968, the two remaining squadrons were redesignated, with VS-912 becoming VS-70Z1 and VS-914 becoming VS-27Z2. VS-912 won the Noel Davis trophy for the best reserve ASW squadron in 1954, and VS-914 won it in 1963. The RAW-91 VS squadrons did their annual active duty at a variety of Naval Air Stations: NAS Atlantic City, New Jersey, Willow Grove, NAS Brunswick Maine, Quonset Point, NAS Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, NAS Norfolk, Virginia and NAS Key West, Florida. Aircrews frequently flew practice ASW missions against submarines from New London, Connecticut. The Avengers and Guardians were all glossy Sea Blue with orange reserve bands. They, and all RAW-91 aircraft, carried the Z tail code until a July 1956 OPNAV mandated number-letter codes and South Weymouth changed to 7Z. TBM-3E side numbers observed were 44, 129, 130, 139 and 141. The only TBM-3W number documented was 161. Although Guardians were operated well after the February 1955 Bureau of Aeronautics Instruction directing the Light Gull Grey and white scheme, no RAW-91 AF-2s were repainted. Guardian side numbers noted were in the 150 range. The Trackers initially assigned to RAW-91 were glossy Sea Blue with orange reserve bands, soon changed to Light Gull Grey and white. Starting in 1959 most RAW-91 Trackers wore fluorescent red-orange panels. S-2 side numbers were in the 167-190 range.

Fighter (VF) Squadrons As noted above, the fighter squadrons assigned to Squantum were reorganized under RAW-91 into seven reserve VF squadrons flying the F4U-4 and FG-1D. They shared a pool of about fifty Corsairs with the RAW-91 VA squadrons and two VMF units. The outbreak of war in Korea had two impacts on RAW91. VF-916 was called up in February 1951, and the diversion of Corsairs for Korea resulted in the brief return of the Hellcat. The eleven remaining VA, VF and VMF squadrons shared seventeen F6F-5s for most of 1952. Two VF squadrons were disestablished in 1952 but one was restored in 1953, only to have one more VF squadron disestablished in 1954. When the transition to the F9F-6 began in 1954 there were four VF squadrons, sharing a pool of thirty seven Corsairs with the three VA and two

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE VMF squadrons. When VF-912 and VF-914 completed the transition to the Cougar in May 1956 they became the last Navy fighter squadrons to fly the Corsair, though the VA squadrons of RAW-81 in Minneapolis continued to operate the AU-1 variant. From 1955 until 1958 five VF squadrons shared thirty to thirty five Cougars with VMF-322 and VMF-217. All the VF squadrons were disestablished in 1958, and VF-911 was the last reserve fighter squadron at South Weymouth, gone in September. Active duty training was done at, among others, Jacksonville, Atlantic City, Norfolk, Oceana, NAS Miami, Florida and NAS Sanford, Florida. Although the reservists from VF916 returned in February 1953, the squadron became VF-83 and VF916 was never re-established. VFA-83 flies the F/A-18C as of this writing. Corsair and Hellcat markings were as noted above. RAW-91 Cougars used three schemes; overall glossy Sea Blue, grey and white, both with orange reserve bands, and at least three in the high visibility training scheme of glossy white and International Orange. Since the Cougars were also operated by VMF-322 and VMF-217, they carried NAVYMARINE markings after 1960. Side numbers in the range of 107 through 133 were noted, although a 4 and a 14 were also seen.

Helicopter Utility (HU) and Helicopter ASW (HS) Squadrons HU-911 was commissioned in April 1952 flying the Hiller HTE-2. The squadron transitioned to the HUP-2 in 1953-1954, and in May1955 HU-911's HUP-2s helped evacuate casualties from a major fire on the Essex class carrier Bennington while it was operating off the coast of Rhode Island. A second squadron, HU-912, was established in 1956. Aircraft assigned ranged from two to three during the HTE-2/HUP-2 years. In 1958 the two squadrons were redesignated as Helicopter Anti Submarine Squadrons (HS-911 and HS-912) and began transitioning to the HSS-1 (SH-34G) and the HSS-1N (SH-34J). Aircraft assigned ranged from four to six, but in 1959 a Marine reserve H-34 squadron (HMM-771) was established with which HS-911 and and HS-912 had to share aircraft. During most years at least one of the available aircraft was a UH-34J, which unlike the SH34Js carried no ASW gear. Navy records show one Bell HTL-7 assigned in 1961, but no photographic evidence of this could be found. Transition to the SH-3A began in 1967, and five to six were assigned for operation by the two squadrons. HMM-771 continued to operate the UH-34D variant. HU-911 won the Noel Davis trophy for best reserve helicopter squadron in 1954 and 1955. Active duty training was usually done at Quonset Point, the home of several active duty HS squadrons. In July 1968 HS-911 became HS-62Z1 and HS-912 became HS-62Z2. HS-62Z1

was decommissioned in late 1969. The HTE-2s were glossy Sea Blue. There wasn’t room for either the orange tail band or side numbers. HUP-2s were initially glossy Sea Blue with the reserve band and were repainted grey and white, retaining the orange band. For the HUP-2s the last three digits of the Bureau Number served as the side number. some examples were 062 and 066. SH-34Gs, SH-34Js and UH-34Js were all Seaplane Grey, some with fluorescent orange panels. At least one of the first HSS-1s was operated in an overall Light Gull Grey scheme. After the establishment of HMR-771 the NAVY-MARINE marking was applied to the rear fuselage. Side numbers were in the low 300 range, and 301 through 306 were noted. The 7Z was sometimes applied to the rear of the cockpit rather than on the vertical tail. SH-3As were all grey and white with side numbers in the low 300s. 302, 303 and 306 were noted. In 1968 HS-911 became HS62Z1 and HS-912 became HS-62Z2. They were further redesignated HS70Z1 and HS-66Z2 in late 1969.

HUP-2 Bu.No 130062, 1957 (Jim Burridge)

Lighter Than Air (ZP) Squadrons ZP-911 was established in January 1950 as one of eight reserve blimp squadrons. There was no blimp hangar at Squantum, and South Weymouth, a World War II blimp base, was in caretaker status. The solution was for ZP-911 to borrow airships from the reserve squadrons at NAS Lakehurst, New Jersey. This involved flying a crew to Lakehurst on Friday, bringing a K-type airship back to Squantum, and returning it to Lakehurst on Sunday. Unfortunately the December 1953 move to South Weymouth didn’t provide any relief, because the blimp hangar there was filled by Naval Air Development Unit (NADU) airships. Active duty training, focused on the ASW role, was usually at Lakehurst or Glynco Georgia, although in 1954 ZP-911 took three K-types to Guantanamo Bay. ZP-911 was disestablished in 1959.

Most of RAW-91 sheltered in the blimp hangar for a hurricane in 1955. The blimps and the WV-2 belong to the Naval Air Development Unit, a tenant at South Weymouth

Patrol (VP) Squadrons RAW-91 began with a single patrol squadron, VP-911, flying a mix of four PBY-5As and PBY-6s. Aircraft assigned during the Catalina era ranged from four to six. Transition to the P4Y-2 began in 1954, and in 1956 two more patrol squadrons were added, VP-912 and VP-913. The number of Privateers assigned also ranged from four to six, and they were shared at South Weymouth with a Coast Guard Reserve detachment. In 1957 the three squadrons changed to the Neptune, beginning with five P2V6Ms and then a single P2V-5FJ, with 5FJ designating the jet equipped weather reconnaissance capable version. The patrol squadrons at South Weymouth were the last in the Navy to fly the Privateer. A fourth squadron, VP-914, was added in 1958. Three more

A K-Class airship, K-93, on loan from NAS Lakehurst for ZP-911 crews to fly, 1951 (US Navy via Peter Mersky)

PB4Y-2 Bu.No 60008, 1956 (Lionel Paul)

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (71.300 Glossy Sea Blue)

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

Aluminium (71.062 Aluminium

White (71.001 White)

Olive Drab ANA504 (71.016 USAF Olive Drab)

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Grumman TBM-3E Avenger, BuNo 53638/Z-141, assigned to the Attack (VA) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS Squantum, 1950. Finish is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with the high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identifications markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White).

Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat, BuNo 94268/Z-15, assigned to the Fighter (VF) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS Squantum, mid-1952. Finish is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with the high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identifications markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White).

North American SNJ-6 Texan, BuNo 111960/Z-960, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Support Squadrons, NAS South Weymouth, 1950. Finish is in overall Aluminium (Vallejo 71.062 Aluminium), with International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). high visibility banding. The anti-glare panels are in Olive Drab ANA504 (Vallejo 71.016 USAF Olive Drab) and Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black. All buzz numbers, codes, serials and titles are in Black.

Black (71.057 Black)

Above: Vought FG-1D Corsair, BuNo 92040/Z-30, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Fighter (VF) Squadrons, based at NAS Squantum, 1951. Below: Vought F4U-4B, BuNo 97506/Z-55, also assigned to the VF Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, based at NAS South Weymouth, 1954. Finish for both aircraft is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with (in the case of Z-30) International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red) high visibility banding. All buzz numbers, codes, serials and titles are in White (Vallejo 71.001 White).

Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (71.300 Glossy Sea Blue)

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer, BuNo 60008/Z-202, assigned to the Patrol (VP) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, based at NAS South Weymouth, 1956. The aircraft is finished in the standard scheme for the time consisting of overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue). The high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identifications markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White). Both port and starboard side elevations are shown with the markings positions applied to the starboard wing upper and lower surfaces also illustrated.

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

K-Class airship, K-93, whilst on loan from NAS Lakehurst, New Jersey, to train ZP-911 crews at NAS Squantum and South Weymouth, circa 1951. Finish is in Aluminium (Vallejo 71.062 Aluminium) to the balloon, with the control car in Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 Light Gull Grey). All titles and codes are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black), with Red propeller warning bands. Note the repetition of the aircraft code on the control car. It is interesting to note that due to the lack of suitable hangars at Squantum and South Weymouth, blimps had to be borrowed from NAS Lakehurst. The training program consisted of flying a crew to Lakehurst, on Friday, for them to bring back to Squantum and to fly back again on Sunday.

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Light Gull Grey ANA620 (71.121 Light Gull Grey)

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

Douglas R4D-6 Skytrain, BuNo 50775/Z-775, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Transport (VR) Squadrons, NAS Squantum, 1953. Finish is in overall Aluminium (Vallejo 71.062 Aluminium). The fuselage band is in International Orange International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All titles, buzz codes, numbers and serials are in Black. Only two R4D’s were operated, and these were replaced with the R5D from 1953.

Aluminium (71.062 Aluminium)

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

Grumman AF-2W Guardian, BuNo 129227/Z-153, assigned to the Anti-Submarine (VS) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1954. Finish is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with the high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identifications markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White). The anti-glare panel is in matt Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). The radome is in off White (Vallejo 71.075 Sand*). *Denotes approximate colour match

Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (71.300 Glossy Sea Blue)

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

Fluorescent Red Orange (71.082 Red Fluo)

Grumman AF-2S Guardian, BuNo 124796/Z-154, assigned to RAW-91’s VS Squadrons, NAS South Weymouth, 1954. As above, the finish is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with the high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identification markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White). The anti-glare panel is in matt Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Insignia White ANA511 (71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White)

Beech JRB-4, BuNo 44617/7Z-617, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Support Squadrons, NAS South Weymouth, 1957. Finish is in gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces with high visibility areas in Fluorescent Red Orange (Vallejo 71.082 Red Fluo). All buzz numbers, codes and serials are in Black. Note the replacement rudder, missing the ‘Z’ portion of the unit code.

Above: Grumman US-2A Tracker, BuNo 136491/7Z-491, and below: Grumman S2F-1 Tracker, BuNo 136403/CS-9, both assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Anti-Submarine (VS) Squadrons. Both aircraft are finished in gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) and Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey). The anti-glare panels and all identification markings are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). VS-915 was the only RAW-91 squadron activated for the 1961 Berlin crisis. The unit deployed sixteen aircraft to Guantanamo Bay and carried the ‘CS’ tail code while activated. Light Gull Grey ANA620 (71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey)

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

Grumman F9F-6 Cougar, BuNo 127281/Z-128, assigned to RAW-91’s VF Squadrons, NAS South Weymouth, mid-1950’s. Finish is in overall Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (Vallejo 71.300 Glossy Sea Blue), with the high visibility banding in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identifications markings and titles are in gloss White (Vallejo 71.001 White). Wing leading edges are Aluminised. Shown below is the starboard elevation of the same aircraft.

Glossy Sea Blue ANA623 (71.300 Glossy Sea Blue)

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

Grumman F9F-6 Cougar, BuNo 127282/7Z-107, assigned to the VF Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1958. Finish is in Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey) to the upper surfaces with the undersides in gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White). High visibility areas are in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All buzz codes, serials and titles are in Black.

Insignia White ANA511 (71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White)

Grumman F9F-6 Cougar, BuNo 130911/7Z-9, assigned to RAW-91’s VF and VMF Squadrons, NAS South Weymouth, post 1960. Finish is in the high visibility training scheme consisting of overall gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White), with high visibility areas in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identification markings, titles, buzz numbers, serials, codes and the anti-glare panel are in Black. Note the combined ‘NAVY-MARINE’ titles adopted after 1960 as the aircraft were flown by both Navy and Marine squadrons. Also of note are what appear to be distorted ‘NAVY’ fuselage titles.

Aluminium (71.062 Aluminium)

White (71.001 White)

Black (71.057 Black)

jet

Lockheed T-33B, BuNo 138088/7Z-088, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Support Squadrons. Finish is in the high visibility training scheme consisting of overall gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White), with high visibility areas in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red). All identification markings, titles, buzz numbers, serials, codes and the anti-glare panel are in Black. The combined ‘NAVY-MARINE’ titles were only carried by the T-33B’s in the support units. These were flown by pilots assigned to RAW-91 who wanted to maintain their jet aircraft qualifications. McDonnell TA-4B Skyhawk, BuNo 142809/7Z-23, assigned to Reserve Air Wing 91’s Attack (VAJ) Squadrons, 1960’s. Finish consists of Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey) to the upper surfaces with the undersides and control surfaces are in gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White). As before, all buzz codes, serials, titles and the anti-glare panel are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black).

Light Gull Grey ANA620 (71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey)

Insignia White ANA511 (71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White)

Aluminium (71.062 Aluminium)

Aluminised (71.071 Artic Blue- lightly applied)

Lockheed P2V-5F Neptune, BuNo 126536/7Z-204, assigned to the Patrol (VP) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1962. Finish is gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces, with the undersides and control surfaces in Seaplane Grey ANA625 (Vallejo 71.314 Seaplane Grey). The high visibility areas are in Fluorescent Red Orange (Vallejo 71.082 Red Fluo). The buzz codes, titles, serials, anti-glare panel and spinners are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black).

Below: Douglas C-54Q Skymaster, BuNo 56487/7Z-487, assigned to the Transport (VR) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1965. Finish is gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces, with the undersides, nacelles, engine cowls and control surfaces in in Aluminium or Aluminised (Vallejo 71.062 Aluminium) or (Vallejo 71.071 Artic Blue- lightly applied). The cheatline is in Insignia Blue ANA605 (Vallejo 71.091 Signal Blue). The buzz codes, titles, serials, radome and anti-glare panel are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black).

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

Below: Douglas R5D-3 Skymaster, BuNo 56526/7Z-526, assigned to the Transport (VR) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1963. Finish is gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces, with the undersides, nacelles, engine cowls and control surfaces in in Aluminium or Aluminised (Vallejo 71.062 Aluminium) or (Vallejo 71.071 Artic Blue- lightly applied). The high visibility areas are in Fluorescent Red Orange (Vallejo 71.082 Red Fluo). The cheatline is in Insignia Blue ANA605 (Vallejo 71.091 Signal Blue). The buzz codes, titles, serials, and anti-glare panel are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black).

Fluorescent Red Orange (71.082 Red Fluo)

Seaplane Grey ANA625 (71.314 Seaplane Grey)

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

F4U-4B Bu.No 97506 in 1954 (via Marc Frattasio)

F6F-5 Bu.No 94268 in 1952. RAW-91's fighter squadrons reverted to the Hellcat because the Corsairs were deployed to Korea (Lionel Paul)

F4U-1Ds. The fighter squadrons flew a mix of F4U-1Ds, F4U-1Gs, F4U-4s and F4U-4Bs (US Navy via John Galluzzo))

HSS-1N Bu.No 138488, 1961 (Jim Burridge)

squadrons, VP-915, VP-916 and VP917, were established in 1962. Some of the personnel assigned to these new VP squadrons were transferred from VS-911, VS-913 and VS-916, which had been disestablished during 1962. VP-916 and VP-917 were short-lived, being disestablished by mid 1964. RAW91’s patrol squadrons flew a number of Neptune variants, and keeping track of them is complicated by the 1962 Tri-Service redesignation of Naval aircraft. Although the main mission aircraft were the P2V-6M (MP-2F), P2V-6 (P2F), P2V-5F (P-2E), P2V-5FS (SP2-E) and the P2V-7S (SP-2H), the RAW VP squadrons also flew the P2V-5FE (EP-2E) and the P2V-6T (TP-2F). Although no VP squadrons were activated during the 1961 Berlin crisis or the 1962 Cuban missile crisis, reservists from VP-911 and five other east coast and Midwest VP squadrons volunteered for active duty and flew hundreds of hours in support of the blockade of Cuba. Aircraft availability during the Neptune era varied from two to sixteen, but there was no relationship between the number of squadrons and aircraft assigned. At the peak of the VP squadrons, seven in early 1963, twelve Neptunes were assigned. At the end of FY 1963 five squadrons operated thirteen P-2s. Active duty training was typically done at such CONUS installations as Norfolk, Brunswick, Jacksonville and Willow Grove. However in 1956 VP-911 deployed to Port Lyautey, Morocco, and in 1960 one squadron went to Rota, Spain. RAW-91 patrol crews frequently conducted anti shipping practice using guns or rockets against the beached Liberty ship at Billingsgate Shoal and ASW missions against submarines from New London. At the time of the 1968 reorganization the four remaining VP squadrons were redesignated as follows; VP-911 became VP-63Z1, VP-912 VP-63Z2, VP-913 VP-63Z3 and VP-915 VP-11Z4. At the end of 1969 these four squadrons had seven SP-2Hs to operate. The first Neptunes assigned in 1957 were overall Seaplane Grey with orange reserve bands, but by 1960 they had solar reflective white tops. Eventually the Gull Grey and white scheme became standard. Later fluorescent red/orange panels were applied to all Neptunes until the late 1960s. Side numbers were in the low 200 range.

Transport (VR) Squadrons

AF-2S and AF-2W, circa 1954-57 (US Navy photo John Galluzzo)

RAW-91 began in 1949 with two VR squadrons, 911 and 912, and two R4Ds. The squadrons transitioned to the R5D in 1953. The VR community emulated the rest of RAW-91 in the late 1950s and early 1960s, growing to four squadrons by 1962. VR-914 was disestablished in 1963 and VR-912 in 1967. In 1965 and 1966 the three squadrons operated a pair of C-118Bs but they were gone by the end of 1966. Aircraft availability ranged from two to three R5Ds, with these a mix

of the R5D-2 (C-54P), R5-3 (C-54Q) and R5D-4R (C-54R) models. Initially active duty training followed the usual pattern of entire squadrons deploying to an installation for two weeks. Port Lyautey, Morocco and Rota, Spain are examples of active duty training deployments, sometimes in support of Sixth Fleet missions and sometimes in support of deployed RAW-91 VP squadrons. Later active duty training fundamentally changed for the VR squadrons. Instead of an entire squadron training for two weeks a year at another installation, VR crews served two week rotations throughout the year assigned to the military airlift system. Many of these missions were flown in support of the Vietnam War. RAW91 R5D/C-54 crews flew Vietnam bound personnel and cargo from NAS Alameda, California to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii. R6D/C-118B crews, with their greater range, flew on to Vietnam via Wake Island. In 1968 VR-911 was redesignated VR62Z2 and VR-913 became VR-62Z1. All VR aircraft were initially unpainted natural metal, with orange reserve bands on the R4Ds. The R5D/C-54s and the R6D/C-11Bs had reflective white tops and eventually the R5Ds were repainted in Light Gull Grey with white tops. For several years they operated with fluorescent red-orange panels. Side numbers were the last three digits of the Bureau Number.

Support Aircraft Many support aircraft were assigned to RAW-91. They provided alternatives for proficiency (especially instrument) flying that were cheaper to fly and easier to maintain than mission aircraft. They were also used by Naval aviators maintaining proficiency while assigned to non flying billets in the Boston area. Different variants of the SNB/JRB/C-45 were assigned from 1949 through 1971, and it was the only aircraft type assigned to RAW-91 for its entire twenty two year span. The SNJ served until the introduction of jets, replaced by the TV-2/T-33B and the T-1A. During the mid 1960s a single T-34B was assigned. The SNJs, SNBs and TV-2s were all natural metal with orange reserve bands. The TV-2s, redesignated T-33Bs, were later painted in both the grey and white and high visibility orange and white schemes. Of the support aircraft only the T33Bs carried the NAVY-MARINE marking. SNBs were repainted orange and white. The T-34B was overall yellow and the T-1As were overall grey. Several T-34Bs later wore the blue Fly Navy recruiting scheme. For all support aircraft the last three digits of the Bureau Numbers served as side numbers. After the individual squadrons assigned to South Weymouth were assigned unique tail codes, with the only aircraft still carrying 7Z being the US-2A and UC-12B.

Air Wing Wide Exercises Given the range of squadrons

Lockheed SP-2E Neptune, BuNo 128379/7Z-211, assigned to the Patrol (VP) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1965. Finish is gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces, with the fuselage sides, undersides, horizontal surfaces and fin in Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey) . The buzz codes, titles, serials, anti-glare panel and spinners are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black). Warning stencilling is in Red and White. This was the later standard scheme carried by USN Neptune’s.

Piasecki (Vertol) HUP-2 Retriever, BuNo 130062/7Z-062, assigned to the Helicopter Utility (HU) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, 1957. Finish is in gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper fuselage and rear of the tail rotor housing, with Light Gull Grey ANA620 (Vallejo 71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey) to the fuselage main. High-visibility banding is in International Orange ANA508 (Vallejo 71.086+70.510 Light Red) All identification markings, serials and codes are in Black (Vallejo 71.057 Black).

For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

International Orange ANA508 (71.086+70.510 Light Red)

Light Gull Grey ANA620 (71.121 + 70.510 Light Gull Grey)

Seaplane Grey ANA625 (71.314 Seaplane Grey)

Insignia White ANA511 (71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White)

Lockheed SP-2E Neptune, BuNo 128332/7Z-201, assigned to the Patrol (VP) Squadrons of Reserve Air Wing 91, NAS South Weymouth, 1965. Finish is gloss Insignia White ANA511 (Vallejo 71.279 + 70.510 Insignia White) to the upper surfaces, with the fuselage sides, undersides, horizontal surfaces and fin in Seaplane Grey ANA625 (Vallejo 71.314 Seaplane Grey). The buzz codes, titles, serials, anti-glare panel and spinners are in White (Vallejo 71.001 White). Warning stencilling is in Red and White. At this time, the units were starting to transition over to the Light Gull Grey and White scheme seen below, although some aircraft also carried Fluorescent Red Orange panels.

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

C-118R Bu.No 13575 in 1965 (Tom Cuddy)

and aircraft types, the Air Wing Staff functioned more as an administrative staff rather than an operational one. Nevertheless there were at least two major multi Air Wing exercises in the early 1950s. In September 1952 Operation Codfish pitted the Black Forces from Squantum, NAS Niagra Falls, New York and NAS Akron, Ohio against the White Force attackers from Willow Grove, Norfolk and NAS New York, New York. RAW-91 contributed F6F-5s HTE-2s for search and rescue and radar equipped PBY-6As as airborne controllers. AWS-91 was the overall exercise controller of the 250 aircraft involved. Operation Swordfish in 1953 simulated coastal defence against a carrier and submarine attack. Among the fifty three RAW-91 aircraft involved were ZP-911 airships, which provided both airborne radar coverage and ASW play. In 1959 RAW-91 VP squadrons participated in a major ASW exercise involving aircraft from the Fleet and from seven reserve air wings. In 1960 eleven different RAW-91 squadrons participated in Short Stop One, a coastal defence exercise, which involved aircraft from eleven reserve air wings and twenty eight ships including two aircraft carriers, the Valley Forge and the Canadian Bon Aventure.

Drill Schedules Each squadron drilled one weekend a month. If there were four or fewer squadrons flying the same aircraft type, each squadron flew on a different weekend and had the use of every available aircraft. If there were more than four squadrons flying the same aircraft they had to be shared. To use June 1956 as a snapshot, there were four VF and two VMF squadrons flying the thirty three F9F-6s, requiring two squadrons to drill on the same weekend two out of four weekends a month. There were four VS squadrons sharing four S2F-1s and eleven AF Guardians, four VR squadrons using two R5D-3s, three VP squadrons and a Coast Guard detachment flying six Privateers, and two HU squadrons sharing two HUP-2s. Except for the HUP-2s, the full-time active duty maintenance personnel had only five days in which to make the maximum number of aircraft available for the next weekend’s

flying. Much flying was done in the support aircraft, five TV-2s, nine JRB/SNBs and five SNJs. Summer active duty training curtailed flying by the squadrons back at South Weymouth, since most of the aircraft and maintenance staff deployed with the squadrons to their active duty stations.

Reserve Air Wing 91 and the 1968 Call-Up None of RAW-91s squadrons were activated in the January 1968 call-up. The units activated were three A-4 and three F-8 squadrons. Much has been written about the call-up, the perceived shortcomings exposed and the resulting reorganization of the entire Naval Air Reserve. Since the activated squadrons were selected because they were rated the most combat ready units, there’s no reason to believe that VA-911 or VA-912 would have become deployable any faster than VA-776, VA-831 or VA-873. The problems with the reserve squadrons in 1968 have been well documented, including insufficient aircraft, before and after the call-up, lack of compatibility with fleet aircraft types and maintenance. In terms of numbers, as of July 1968 199 Navy reserve squadrons and twenty three Marine reserve squadrons had been allocated a total of 658 mission aircraft, an average of less than three aircraft per squadron. Those Marine squadrons flying aircraft not flown by Navy reserve squadrons, such as the C-119 and the UH-34, are not included in these totals. South Weymouth fared better than most, with forty two mission aircraft available for one Marine and twelve Navy squadrons in 1968. But the biggest issue was carrier qualifications. Since 1949 only one RAW-91 squadron had ever completed carrier qualifications. Eighteen VF-914 Corsair pilots qualified on the Kula Bay during their 1951 Active Duty Training. The fact is that carrier qualification was dropped from the reserve training syllabus because it took more time and resources than were available. The aircrews of the carrier-based RAW-91 aircraft, the F9F-6s, A-4s, S2s and even the SH-3As, never went near an aircraft carrier. Whatever the Big-Navy organizational, equipment and

PB4Y-2 Bu.No 6008 in 1956 (W.R. Daugherty)

training shortcomings, there can be no criticism of the men and women who served in these squadrons during the period 1949-70. To paraphrase the comments of RADM Lemuel Warfield, USNR (Ret) who commanded one of the F-8 squadrons called up in 1968, ‘they did everything the Navy asked of them'. (See Hook Fall 2002 for Admiral Warfield’s article.) Some of them died doing so. The April 1960 VS-914 loss was far from the only fatal crash.

The Legacy Only one squadron remains that can trace its lineage back to a RAW91 squadron. VFA-83, which flies the F/A-18C as of this writing, evolved from VF-916, called up for Korea. (See Hook Summer 1988 for a history of VF-916/VF-83/VA-83/VFA83.) As noted above, VS-913 became VS-39 but was disestablished in 1968. VP-92, established in 1970 as the successor to the RAW-91 patrol squadrons, was disestablished in November 2007.

Naval Air Reserve Sources For those researching reserve or active squadrons, the Naval Aviation History Branch has made available online two superb sets of references. The first is Naval Aeronautical Organization, OPNAV Notice 0530 and 05400, from FY 1923 through FY 1998. The second is the monthly Allowance and Location of Navy Aircraft, OPNAV Notice 03110. The address is www.history.navy.mil/branches/org4 -25.htm. Allowance and Locations is only available online from September 1956 through 1988, since the pre 1956 records couldn’t be scanned. They are available at the Branch or can be purchased on a CD.

Acknowledgements There is a small but dedicated corps of photographers, historians and RAW-91 veterans who have worked to preserve the history of Squantum and South Weymouth. The following individuals were particularly helpful: Lawrence Webster, Marc Frattasio (his book on VP-92 and its predecessors is invaluable), Lionel Paul, Paul Larcom, Tom Hildreth, W.R. Dougherty, Tom Cuddy, Marilyn Anderson and JOC

Mark Piggott of the NAS South Weymouth Public Affairs Office, Petty Officer Jim Boyle of the NAS photo lab, Donald Cann, John Galluzzo, Paul LeBlanc, Naval Aviation History Branch Chief Roy Grossnick and Leo Lazo. Special thanks to John Yaney, who not only contributed a great deal of material but put me in touch with many of these people.

Modelling the Subject in 1/72 Unfortunately there is only one decal sheet featuring an RAW-91 aircraft Worldwide Aviation Decals 72006, which features a South Weymouth PB4Y-2. The difficult part of building any of these kits in RAW-91 markings would be spelling out Squantum or South Weymouth in black or white. The most conspicuous absence from a list of kits is the F9F-6, although it wouldn't be surprising if a dash 6 Cougar kit emerged from the Czech Republic in the near future. These are all 1/72, of course, it being the most realistic option for aircraft of such varying size: • F4U-4/F4U-4B Italeri, Hobby Boss • F4U-1D Tamiya • PBY-6A Academy with RVHP conversion • PB4Y-2 Matchbox with Cobra Company detail set • AF-2S/2W Ace Models • TBM-3S Hasegawa • TBM-3W Hasegawa TBM-3 with High Planes or Falcon conversion • TBM-3E Hasegawa TBM-3 • P-2 Neptune various versions from the Hasegawa kit with modifications • R4D-6 ESCI R4D-5 with modifications • R5D-3 Revell C-54 • C-118B Heller DC-6B with modifications • HUP-2 A Model Mach 2 • HSS-1N Italeri • SH-2A Airfix, Revell, Fujimi • T-33B Hasegawa, Platz, Sword, Heller • T-34B Hasegawa • T-1A Sword • S2F-1 Hasegawa • SNB Hobbycraft, Encore, PM • SNJ-6 Academy with canopy modification • F6F-5 Eduard, Hasegawa, Academy, Italeri • UC-12B RVHP

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

PART 2 Colloquial Camouflage Malta Spitfires delivered via Gibraltar 18 May to 17 August 1942

By Paul Lucas Spitfire Vc(T), BR126/GL•E, No. 185 Squadron. The same aircraft as shown in Part One after repainting at Gibraltar, the finish is in Dark Mediterranean Blue (FS35050 equiv.) (Vallejo 71.090 71.313+70.510 Dark Mediterranean Blue), with the undersides in Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue). The codes are in Yellow, with the serials in Night.

Operation LB – 18 May 1942

F

or this operation, seventeen Spitfires were loaded aboard HMS Eagle at Gibraltar. It is probable that sixteen of these aircraft were the remainder of the batch that had been dispatched to Gibraltar as Operation Hansford with the seventeenth aircraft being BR126, the Spitfire that had landed back aboard USS Wasp coded 3-X during Operation Bowery. After landing back aboard USS Wasp BR126 had been flown off back to Gibraltar on 10 May, where it was apparently repainted from the Temperate Sea Scheme and Sky finish that it wore during Operation Bowery into the Dark Mediterranean Blue and Sky Blue scheme, which it appears to have been wearing when it was wrecked in Malta later in the summer. It has been suggested that the Spitfires that took part in this operation were coded 'C' followed by a number. For example BR107 has been quoted as being coded C22, BR108 as C-20 and BR109 as C-30. Due to a lack of photographic evidence, this cannot be confirmed however. From this point on there is no further information available with regard to the marking of Spitfires during the deployment phase of any of the remaining operations.

Special Erection Party Operation Hansford effectively

established the template for future Spitfire supply operations to Malta whereby the Spitfires were crated in the UK and taken to Gibraltar by sea. On arrival, they were unpacked and assembled at New Camp where they were repainted in the 'Sunderland hangar' to meet AHQ Malta's camouflage requirements. As it became necessary to maintain a regular supply of Spitfires to Malta, a task that entailed the dispatch of batches of thirty two Spitfires in the regular Gibraltar convoys that sailed approximately every three weeks, it seems to have become apparent that the workload that this would entail was beyond the capacity of the existing Eagle Detachment and that reinforcement would be necessary. To this end, 100 skilled workers were embarked in SS Hopetarn, which left the UK on 27 May bound for Gibraltar to assemble and test fly Spitfires crated from Britain by sea for the reinforcement of Malta along with a batch of thirty two Spitfires, which were delivered to Malta by Operation Salient on 9 June. This body of men is thought to have become 'The Special Erection Party', which then remained at Gibraltar until at least November 1942 under the command of W/Cdr P.J. Gomez, formerly Wing Commander Flying aboard USS Wasp for Operation Bowery, who relived W/Cdr McLean with

effect from 12 July 1942. It would appear that repainting the Spitfires to conform with the prevailing camouflage and marking policy for Malta Spitfires of the day was one of the tasks allocated to this unit. The establishment and then reinforcement of this unit at Gibraltar is of importance as it is a clear indication that few, if any Spitfires were extensively repainted in Malta during the siege period. Whilst it was undoubtedly possible to effect minor alterations or repairs to the camouflage schemes as evidenced by the modifications made to the Spitfires delivered by Operation Spotter, wholesale repainting of a large number of aircraft appears to have been beyond Malta's capability. Evidence for this is provided by correspondence related to the temporary reinforcement of Malta's Beaufighters by 248 Squadron from Coastal Command for Operation Pedestal. On 19 July 1942 the Air Ministry sent signal AX.441 to HQ Malta relating how a report on Operation Vigorous had stated that despite the Beaufighters taking part in this operation being specially marked with black and white under surfaces to aid their identification, they were frequently mistaken for Ju 88s. In the light of this, the Air Ministry enquired whether HQ Malta would like the temporary detachment of Beaufighters

to carry any special markings. In their reply, dated 23 July 1942, HQ Malta stated that: ‘We are unable to paint our Beaufighters black and white and therefore feel no advantage can be obtained by painting the incoming Beaufighters.’ In the light of this exchange, it would appear to be clear from HQ Malta's response that repainting Beaufighters in Malta was not possible. If it was not possible for Malta to repaint the under surfaces of the Beaufighters of the 235 Squadron detachment that were resident on Malta with a relatively simple black and white scheme, then it would presumably have been equally impossible for HQ Malta to undertake the almost complete repainting of a much larger number of Spitfires in a more complicated two or three colour scheme. Why aircraft could not be repainted in Malta during this period is currently unknown for certain but might have been due, at least in part, to limited availability of the necessary materials. An account has been given by Buck McNair that suggests that the available quantity of suitable paint was so limited in March 1942 that the grey finish applied to the Mid Stone segments of

Spitfire Vb(T), EP200/GL•T. Here, the standard Ocean Grey and Dark Green upper scheme has been repainted with Deep Sky (Vallejo 71.090 Deep Sky) in place of Ocean Grey and BS 381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey) over the Dark Green. The undersides are finished in Sky Blue (Vallejo 71.306 Sky Blue) forward of the wing trailing edge with the underside of the rear fuselage finished Light Mediterranean Blue (Vallejo 71.113 IDF Blue). The codes are in Yellow, with the serials in Night.

52 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

Spitfire Vb(T), EP691/X•A, No. 229 Squadron. Again, the standard Ocean Grey and Dark Green upper scheme has been replaced with Deep Sky (Vallejo 71.090 Deep Sky) in place of Ocean Grey and BS 381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey) over the Dark Green. The undersides are finished in Light Mediterranean Blue (Vallejo 71.113 IDF Blue). The codes are in Yellow, with the serials in Night. camouflage on the Spotter Spitfires had to be mixed from several different shades and substantially thinned. As the number of Spitfires on Malta increased and the siege intensified during the summer, the supply situation in general became ever more critical and supplies of aircraft finishing materials were probably at a premium with only the bare essentials being supplied from Gibraltar by the air ferry service or submarine. Ultimately, even refinishing the Spitfires at Gibraltar proved problematic and this led to the suggestion being made during a conference at the Air Ministry in June 1942 that Spitfires destined for Malta that required a special camouflage scheme should be appropriately finished in the UK before dispatch.

Operation Tilden / Operation Style Circa 10 May – 3 June 1942 Thirty two Spitfires were delivered to Gibraltar as Operation Tilden by SS Empire Conrad, which left the UK on 20 May 1942. Of these thirty one were loaded aboard HMS Eagle for Operation Style and were flown off in four flights on 3 June. How and why this operation consisted of so many Spitfires when previous deliveries had consisted of sixteen Spitfires is presently unknown. For the first and only time, the Spitfires were intercepted en route with the last two flights being engaged by Bf 109s near Pantellaria with four Spitfires being shot down. One further Spitfire crashed on landing. Secret cypher telegram WX 7959 from AHQ Malta to the Air Ministry dated 3 June 1942 lists the following Spitfires as having arrived safely: BR360, BR383, BR363, BR232, BR311, BR381, BR355, BR321, BR305, BR362, BR230, BR380, BR315, BR364, BR316, BR295, BR246, BR198, BR254, BR356, BR320, BR359, BR312, BR377,

BR231, BR317and BR357. As an aside, it is interesting to note that according to the minutes of a conference held at the Air Ministry on 16 June, this was the first delivery of Spitfires to Malta with Hydromatic propellers. The relevant part of the minutes of this meeting state: ‘HYDROMATIC AIRSCREWS – These airscrews appeared without warning in the last two operations and took the maintenance personnel rather by surprise. There was great difficulty in assembling them as it was only in the eighteenth case opened that a tool kit was found’. The ‘last two operations’ at the time of this conference were Operation Style and Operation Salient. A number of photographs of BR305, which was definitely delivered during Operation Style, appear to show it to have been finished in the Dark Mediterranean Blue and Sky Blue scheme and shows it to have been coded GL-N in Yellow at the time that it was wrecked. Unfortunately BR305 no longer has its propeller in the photographs. The National markings on this aircraft were of the pre 1942 format.

Operation Maintop / Operation Salient 19 May – 9 June 1942 As has already been mentioned above, a batch of thirty two Spitfires accompanied the Special Erection Party embarked in SS Hopetarn, which left the UK on 27 May, and these Spitfires were delivered to Malta by HMS Eagle as Operation Salient on 9 June. It is possible that the Spitfires delivered during this operation might have carried non-standard National marking IIIs on the sides of the fuselage as there are photographs that show Spitfires apparently finished in a single dark upper surface colour with 1-3-5-7 proportioned fuselage National

marking IIIs where the outer Yellow ring has been reduced in width, perhaps in an attempt to make it conform with the changed requirements for national markings promulgated on 30 April. The fin markings on these Spitfires remained unchanged being of the equally proportioned 24 by 27 inch design.

Revised National Markings On 30 April 1942 the Air Ministry had written to all Operational Commands to inform them of the introduction of new type roundels and changes in the colour of squadron and aircraft code letters. With regard to the roundels, the changes affected the National marking II under the wings and the National marking III on the side of the fuselage where the old 1-3-5 and 1-3-5-7 proportioned roundels were replaced by roundels with White and Yellow rings of reduced proportions. The fin marking was also revised, being reduced in height and having a narrow White stripe. Three sizes of marking were specified for Small, Medium and Large size aircraft. It was stated that single seat Fighters such as the Spitfire were to use the markings specified for Medium size aircraft, i.e. National marking II was to be of 32 in. diameter; National marking III was to be of 36 in. diameter and the fin marking was to be 24in. square. The aircraft contractors were informed of the changes to the national markings by Amendment No.4 to DTD TC No.144, which appears to have been implemented by Supermarine as Mod 646 ‘amend camouflage to amendment 4’on 16 July 1942. Operation Salient was probably the last delivery of Spitfires to Malta made with Dark Mediterranean Blue upper surfaces and Sky Blue under surfaces because during June, AHQ Malta requested a change in the camouflage finish applied to its Spitfires.

* Denotes approximate colour match. For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 38 • ISSUE 07

53

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M A Change in Malta's Camouflage Policy

Colloquial Conundrums

On 16 June 1942 a conference was held at the Air Ministry to allow those concerned to hear first-hand from one of the Officers involved of the difficulties in executing Spitfire reinforcement flights from carriers. The Officer concerned was W/Cdr J.S. McLean who was approaching the end of his tour as the Commanding Officer of the 'Eagle Detachment' at Gibraltar and was therefore in a position to know exactly what these difficulties were.

Unfortunately, there is no way of knowing the answer to this at the time of writing because the reply is written in colloquialism and is thus unclear about exactly what changes are required. Because of the use of colloquialism instead of the correct colour nomenclature, it is impossible to know for sure what colours AHQ Malta really wanted their Spitfires painted and there is no way of knowing exactly what the officer who wrote Signal A.857 of 18 June actually meant.

According to the minutes of this conference, camouflage was one of the subjects discussed with it being stated that Malta required what the minutes describe as a ‘deep blue’ camouflage, which was applied at Gibraltar before each flying off operation. The minutes went on to state that a signal had been sent to Malta asking if this was satisfactory. If so, then the aircraft could be

For example, by using the term ‘light Mediterranean blue’ did he

painted in this scheme in the UK prior to dispatch. Signal AX 810 dated 16 June 1942 from the Air Ministry to AHQ Malta was short and to the point: ‘Reference Spitfire reinforcements. Is camouflage as carried out at Gibraltar satisfactory. If not please state changes necessary.’ The reply, Signal A.857 dated 18 June read as follows: ‘Reference your AX.810 16/6. Reference camouflage Spitfire reinforcements. Camouflage as carried out in Gibraltar has been most helpful but regret not entirely satisfactory. Surfaces should be cleaned with spirits of salts to prevent peeling. Present camouflage peeling off rapidly regarding colour, (?the) colour applied by Gibraltar is considered too dark and would prefer top surfaces to be camouflaged with two colour scheme instead of single colour scheme now used. The darker colour being lighter and bluer than the present colour and the second colour slate grey. Lower surfaces light Mediterranean blue.’ The reason why AHQ Malta decided to change its camouflage policy from the single shade of blue on its upper surfaces to request a two colour scheme that incorporated a lighter shade of blue is currently unknown. Could it be the case that a number of the Bowery Spitfires that were repainted aboard USS Wasp were finished as described previously in a combination of M485 Blue-Gray and Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B so as to retain the disruptive pattern on the upper surfaces? If this was the case, was some favourable comment made as to how effective this two tone blue/grey scheme was when compared with the monotone Dark Mediterranean Blue scheme and was this the reason why AHQ Malta requested the camouflage changes on 12 June? If this was the case, was AHQ Malta trying to get the upper surface camouflage changed to something like the suggested M-485 Blue-Gray and Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B scheme?

term. The first is an 'olive' colour of which the typical sample reference given is Methuen 3F2. This is close to a well-known standard camouflage colour, Dark Slate Grey. The second possible interpretation given by Methuen is of a bluish grey colour of which the typical sample reference given is Methuen 20F2. This falls into the same Methuen category (blueish grey) as the Methuen reference often quoted by the late Ian Huntley for Extra Dark Sea Grey at 21F3. Thus both possible interpretations of the term 'slate grey' had been used on Malta based Spitfires, which had been supplied from the UK in ASU sea camouflage and or the Renfriew scheme. The colloquialism 'slate grey' would also be valid for a description of Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B. It is not currently known how the Air Ministry interpreted the request for the application of 'slate grey'. In view of their literal interpretation of the request for 'light

Mediterranean blue' as described above, it is perhaps most likely to mean the colour that was officially called Light Mediterranean Blue, which was available in a variety of

Spitfire Vb(T), EP691/X•A, No. 229 Squadron. Finish is in Ocean Grey and Dark Green upper scheme has been replaced with Deep Sky (Vallejo 71.090 Deep Sky) in place of Ocean Grey and BS 381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey) over the Dark Green. The undersides are finished in Light Mediterranean Blue (Vallejo 71.113 IDF Blue). The codes are in Yellow, with the serials in Night. different size containers of aircraft finish specification materials in the RAF Vocabulary of Stores Section 33B? Did

he mean 'the light blue which is used in the Mediterranean', officially called Azure Blue, which was probably the colour on the under surfaces of the Oppidan Spitfires, which might have inspired the change in policy? Alternatively did he mean Sky Blue, as is currently thought to have been the under surface colour applied to the Spitfires specifically intended to operate from Malta at Gibraltar, thinking that this was the same blue colour used elsewhere in the Mediterranean? With regard to the under surface colour, the Air Ministry took him at his word and because there was a colour in the Vocabulary of Stores whose official name was Light Mediterranean Blue, this colour was adopted for the under surfaces of Spitfires destined for Malta. Proof of this is to be found in DTD Technical Circular 360 Issue 1 dated February 1943 where it is specifically stated that: ‘the under surfaces of Day Fighters for Malta are coloured Light Mediterranean Blue.’ With regard to the colloquialism 'slate grey', according to the Methuen Handbook of Colour there are two possible interpretations of this

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have been interpreted as being a request for Dark Slate Grey, which was the most widely used of the two shades of paint that actually contained the words 'slate grey' in their names as listed in the RAF Vocabulary of Stores, being extensively used on monoplanes in the Temperate Sea Scheme. This leaves the question of the identity of the second colour, which was requested for use on the upper surfaces. As mentioned above, this was as follows: ‘The darker colour being lighter and bluer than the present colour’. Dark Slate Grey had a theoretical specular reflectivity of 12% whilst Extra Dark Sea Grey had a theoretical specular reflectivity of 10% so in order to meet AHQ Malta's requirements, the second colour should have had a theoretical specular reflectivity between the 8% of Dark Mediterranean Blue, which is thought to have been the colour then in use, and the 10% of Extra Dark Sea Grey or 12% of Dark Slate Grey. In the absence of any evidence that a colour matching this description was specially mixed for this purpose, there is only a limited selection of shades of blue that could have been used. According to a 1942 Vocabulary of Stores Section 33B listing held by the author, in addition to Dark Mediterranean Blue, the following standard shades of blue were available to external aircraft finishing material specifications: Sky Blue Azure Blue Light Mediterranean Blue

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M Blue PRU Blue Deep Sky Of these, Sky Blue and Azure Blue can probably be eliminated on account of their being too light for use on upper surfaces and Light Mediterranean Blue can be eliminated because it was now to be used on the under surfaces. Blue was the identification colour used in the national markings and with a theoretical specular reflectivity of 4% was even darker than Dark Mediterranean Blue. PRU Blue, whilst lighter than Dark Mediterranean Blue with a theoretical specular reflectivity of 14% would have been lighter than either of the two other possible upper surface colours, which would then contravene AHQ Malta's requirement that the blue be the darker colour. As can be seen, this really only leaves one possibility, Deep Sky, which has a theoretical specular reflectivity of 8%, the same as Dark Mediterranean Blue, but appears somewhat brighter and more 'blue' to the eye. The origin of Deep Sky was covered in the May 2017 issue of Scale Aircraft Modelling so it is not intended to cover the same ground again here. In the light of the available evidence as outlined above, it is suggested that the new camouflage scheme requested by AHQ Malta Signal A.857 on 18 June most likely resulted in the adoption of a disruptive pattern of Deep Sky and Dark Slate Grey on the upper surfaces along with the adoption of Light Mediterranean Blue on the

given on p.123 of Cauchi thus: ‘He said one time some a/c on other squadrons were using PRU Blue to cover the Middle Stone and others were Dark Grey.’ Whether the use of the term 'PRU Blue' in this statement is genuine knowledge of this colour being used for this purpose or is a colloquial description of a shade of blue that might also have been seen on a PR aircraft, such as Deep Sky perhaps, is unknown. Alternatively, it might be the case that both these recollections were of surviving Oppidan Spitfires. An alternative scenario, which might cater for both interpretations, could have involved initial deliveries being made in the Deep Sky and Dark Slate Grey scheme only for AHQ Malta to complain, send samples of the correct colours to Gibraltar so that Spitfires were later delivered camouflaged in PRU Blue and Extra Dark Sea Grey as might be suggested by the two eyewitnesses quoted above. In the absence of an official name, or indeed positive identification of the two upper surface colours, the revised camouflage scheme that resulted from AHQ Malta Signal A.857 of 18 June will be referred to colloquially as the 'Malta blue/slate grey scheme' hereafter. Once approved by

under surfaces. Because of the lack of documentary evidence it is not known whether a further exchange of signals took place to clarify the matter or perhaps modify the requirement in any way. For example if the change in the camouflage requirement was inspired by the application of M-485 BlueGray Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B it might have been possible for AHQ Malta to clarify the requirement by sending samples of fabric taken from an Oppidan Spitfire bearing the required colours to Gibraltar by the air-ferry service, where they could have been matched by eye to the closest available British colours, PRU Blue for M-485 Blue-Gray and Extra Dark Sea Grey for Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B. Therefore, it might be the case that AHQ Malta Signal A.857 on 18 June resulted in the adoption of a disruptive scheme on the upper surfaces consisting of PRU Blue and Extra Dark Sea Grey. That such a scheme was carried by some of the Spitfires used on Malta during late 1942 and early 1943 is suggested by a couple of eyewitness accounts given in Cauchi such as that given on p.124 by a pilot who arrived in Malta on 9 June during Operation Salient thus: ‘I also seem to remember later looking at our aircraft in Malta, on the ground and in the air, at least some of them, - a soft blue and grey.’ This is supplemented by a second eyewitness account, which appears to date from early 1943

because from this time onwards, Malta Spitfires can be seen to have adopted a two tone disruptive camouflage scheme on the upper surfaces, whilst the under surfaces frequently look much darker than those of previous deliveries, which is suggestive of the adoption of Light Mediterranean Blue.

Operation Colima / Operation Pinpoint 3 June – 15 July 1942 On 20 June 1942 Naval cypher 1648B from the Admiralty to Air Ministry stated that SS Empire Shackleton in Convoy OG 85 was due in Gibraltar on 27 June carrying thirty two Spitfires for Malta. It would appear that it was with this delivery that the policy changes requested on 18 June were implemented since photographic evidence appears to show some Spitfires from this delivery with a two tone disruptive pattern on the upper surfaces. For example EP200 coded GL-T appears to be an aircraft in transition. The upper surfaces are in a two tone disruptive camouflage scheme, possibly the Malta blue/slate grey scheme that has been extended down the sides of the filter, which is usually indicative of the upper surfaces having been repainted. It was also marked with the revised national markings promulgated on 30 April 1942 as described previously. The under surfaces also appear to be finished in two different colours. The forward part of the under surfaces, including the main planes, retain the pale finish of the previous scheme, which is

thought to be Sky Blue along with the earlier 1-3-5 proportion the Air Ministry, the Malta blue/slate grey scheme could then be applied to the Spitfires at Gibraltar as part of the routine preparations for dispatch to Malta by the 'Special Erection Party' as had been done with

Spitfire Vb(T), EP691/X•A, No. 229 Squadron. Finish is in Ocean Grey and Dark Green upper scheme has been replaced with Deep Sky (Vallejo 71.090 Deep Sky) in place of Ocean Grey and BS 381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey) over the Dark Green. The undersides are finished in Light Mediterranean Blue (Vallejo 71.113 IDF Blue). The codes are in Yellow, with the serials in Night. National marking IIs. In contrast, the under surface of the rear fuselage appears to have been finished in a much darker hue suggestive of Light Mediterranean Blue, which extends down the tail wheel leg as far as the castor. The castor itself and the wheel hub remain the same pale colour as the under surfaces of the main planes.

the previous scheme. Evidence that the camouflage scheme was changed as requested by AHQ Malta on 18 June is perhaps provided by the Spitfires that arrived on Malta during and after Operation Pinpoint on 15 July, which was the first delivery following the request for the change in camouflage. This is

From this point, it is suggested that the Malta blue/slate grey scheme became the standard scheme that was supposed to be applied to those Spitfires ferried from Gibraltar to Malta aboard HMS Eagle and later HMS Furious during Operation Insect of 21 July and Operation Baritone of 17 August 1942. It is currently thought that the Malta blue/slate grey was not applied to those Spitfires that were delivered to Malta direct from the UK aboard HMS Furious as Operation Bellows on 11 August 1942.

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GASHAPON

It's Modelling But Not As We Know It By Huw Morgan

The box contents with all the parts packaged in protective plastic pockets

UP-3C Kit No: AC306 Scale: 1/144 Type: Prepainted Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: TomyTec www.hlj.com Gashapon he terms gashapon (ガシャポン) or gachapon (ガチャポン) refer to a variety of vending machine dispensed capsule toys popular in Japan and elsewhere. Gashapon is a Japanese onomatopoeia composed of two sounds: gasha (or gacha) for the sound of a crank on a toy vending machine, and pon for the sound of the toy capsule dropping into the receptacle. Gashapon may describe both the machines themselves and the toys obtained from them. Popular manufacturers of gashapon include Tomy, which uses the shortened term Gacha (ガチャ) for their capsule machines, and Kaiyodo (Wikipedia).

T

The quality of moulding and finishing is remarkable, especially given the scale

The cockpit weight and crew

The underside of the fuselage nearly finished, the complex central structure provides the spars onto which the wings slide

Gashapon may well be an avenue of the hobby that is invisible to modellers used to working in 1/72 or larger scales. It's a subgenre particularly popular in space-limited Japan where 1/144 models are a natural consequence, where collecting is a national pastime and where vending machines can be found selling virtually anything. Those modellers routinely working in 1/144 scale will probably already have come across Gashapon from the likes of F-Toys and their subsidiaries, but for those unfamiliar with the breed, don't be put off by the toys badge, as some of these are serious models to rival anything else on the market. The characteristics of these kits are that they arrive unassembled, are designed to click together and are generally prepainted, usually in completely accurate

The parts that go to make up one wing and the engine nacelles, together with a completed wing

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markings, ready to take their place in relevant collections. What's the relevance of this? Well, the UP-3C presented here from TomyTec is what one might call a Super Gashapon, and although not available through a vending machine, it needs to be approached in a rather different way to a mainstream injection moulded kit. The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a long-serving reconnaissance/surveillance/ASW aircraft developed from the rather mediocre L-188 Electra airliner into one of the world's most popular maritime surveillance aircraft ever built and used by a host of nations. The Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) have been long-time users of the P-3, most of their inventory being built under licence by Kawasaki, and following on from other training machines based on the YS-ll airliner, the JMSDF developed a single aircraft, UP-3C 9151, based on the P-3C version of the Orion, to act as a ASW/ELINT equipment test platform. The sole UP-3C was operated by 51 Kokutai based at Atsugi airbase. Tomy's model of the UP-3C sits alongside their earlier releases of mainstream P-3 variants. This is an injection moulded kit, but is presented fully painted and decalled, ready for a quick, straightforward build. This description might give a false impression however, since this kit includes no fewer than 199 parts (no, that's not a miss print. One hundred and ninety-nine parts in what is a small airliner sized model), almost every one impeccably painted and marked. This boggling amount of plastic comes on thirty eight sprues and individual parts, each one of which is sealed into individual pockets. The design of the plastic parts is such that they're intended (mostly) to press together and the precision of the assembly has to be experienced to be believed. More of this later. The overall concept requires that the parts are accurately moulded, and Tomy don't disappoint. I didn't find any flash or knockout marks, and the sprue

GASHAPON gates are cleverly located to make clean up easy and where they'd be covered by adjacent parts. The only moulding flaw I discovered is a faint sink mark on the top of the fuselage where there's a large internal structure, which I only noticed towards the end of the assembly, presumably as handling polished up the paint differentially. The single non plastic part is the one-piece cockpit tub, superbly cast in white metal and which serves as a nose weight. There are no decals or painting details, and while the text of the instructions is wholly in Japanese the pictorial sequencing is certainly clear enough to follow, although I suspect I may have missed some subtle options.

The Build More of an assembly really, and without going into a tedious ‘I stuck that to that and then that...’ process the assembly is entirely logical. Given the radically different nature of this beast to the routine (I use the description advisedly) kit, there are a few new principles the builder might consider: • Glue is only needed occasionally, most of the parts fit to each other with interference fit joints. Where glue is deemed necessary I often used acrylic white glue such as Pacer 560 or Gorilla since it's strong enough and less potentially damaging. • The fully painted parts mean that sanding and filling is absolutely not an option to repair any damage or poorly cleaned-up parts. This is a one shot opportunity, although the paint that Tomy use appears relatively tolerant to Tamiya Extra Thin at least, just don't try to wipe it away. • Precision and bench hygiene is vital, as there's no easy way to recover those fingerprints caused by glue spreading, or scrapes on the surface. Restrained use of glue is crucial, but have faith in the capillary properties of Tamiya Extra Thin or Mr Hobby Cement S and don’t add the extra brush full 'just in case'. That said, I managed to polish out the odd bit of glue creep with 3,000 grit abrasive without destroying the finish. • Use a soft bench surface to prevent scuffing of the prepainted surfaces

• Understand that many parts are designed to fit one way, and one way only. If something doesn't feel right, turn it round and try again. You'll be surprised.

those used on the airframe, but I couldn't spot them. Despite the quality and fineness of the finish, it would be useful to have the option to touch up in the event of disaster.

• This is a quick build. I was enjoying myself so much that I ended up rationing myself to stretch it out. Total build time was about eight hours start to finish.

As built, the model does look a little clean and antiseptic, and although as a development/training aircraft it would most likely be kept in a tidy condition, the relatively few images available of this particular airframe do show a few dirt/rain stains around the wing and tail. To break up the otherwise pristine airframe I used black brown and grey pastels to add some weariness. The flaps, undercarriage and wheel bays were given a thin grey wash and there it was. I confess to being somewhat disappointed that it was finished.

• My most frequently used tools during the build were scissors to cut open the plastic bags, my trusty ultra sharp Tamiya OF2 side cutters (sent by my son in Japan, thanks Dave) and a sharp scalpel to clean up any sprue gate residue. Virtually no sanding at all took place. The fuselage builds up from vertically split halves, each having the observation windows and their backing panels fitted first. All the fuselage joints apart from a few millimetres at the tail have lap joints that are hidden by overlay parts or lie along natural seams. The overlay parts like the roof, tail fairing, weapon bay, sonobuoy launcher tubes and lower wing panel all fit with the merest whiff of liquid cement touched into corners. The weapon bay doors click into place without glue, and the kit sprues include the nicely rendered open doors and their linkages, presumably for other variants. The cockpit has three individual seats and reasonably convincing crew figures fitted to the white metal base. About an hour's work and forty five parts results in a virtually complete fuselage, during which I judge I'd used glue four times, and where the quality of the engineering and fit it as good as anything I've seen, regardless of scale. Wings and engine cowlings are fairly intricate, each side being made up of around fifteen parts. Again engineering is flawless, although some careful manipulation of the cowling halves is needed to get the best fit. The wings slide onto strong stub spars in the fuselage. Careful application of liquid glue securing them and the wing to fuselage joint is all but invisible. Stabilisers and fin fit with absolutely no drama and the smaller details like undercarriage and antennae follow quickly. It's odd not to be thinking about painting and masking before these bits are added.

• Keep all the parts in their protective plastic envelopes until you need them, - I had to fight against my natural tendency to get the parts off the sprues quickly and dump them into a box.

The smaller parts like the undercarriage are well up with the best in terms of detail although the undercarriage legs and the wheels are the only parts I found with noticeable mould seams, which are best scraped and the paint touched up.

• Follow the instructions absolutely to the letter, as the engineering of the parts is so fine and the interlocking detail so intricate that the assembly sequence is important, so it would be easy to get completely tangled up.

The prepainted nature of this beast means that very little finishing work is needed, or indeed possible. It may well be that in the depths of the Japanese instructions there are some references to potential matching paints to

Conclusion At first sight many might dismiss this as a toy but don't be fooled. This an accurate scale model whose finish most modellers would be proud of. I've built lots of 1/144 stuff, and I'm certainly proud of this one, and I've no issue with the fact that someone else has done some of the work. The attention to detail in the production and packaging cannot be faulted, something other mainstream manufacturers could take note of. Models like this are bound to trigger some debate about what constitutes modelling. Is it kit assembly or is it wrestling with that badly fitting short-run lump of plastic? Is it about the build quality, or about the effort the modeller puts into the paint finish? Whatever individual preferences are, it surely it has to about all of these in various measures depending on the motivation and interest of the builder. In that context, I think that putting together a prefinished model like this UP-3C is entirely valid, and even as a confirmed wrestler-withplastic I was completely absorbed by this build. I found that the need for precision was challenging, and was in awe at the ability of the manufacturer to produce parts that simply fell together. The discipline needed to make a good job of this wasn't oppressive, but rather invigorating. It may be that this approach is only possible in smaller scales, where the coincidence of real aircraft design and moulding limitations means that joints can be laid along manufacturing seams, but whatever, I think this UP-3C sits entirely legitimately alongside anything else I've ever built. If you've read this far, you'll have twigged that I enjoyed it immensely. Many thanks to Hobby Link Japan for the review model, which can be found by following this link https://shop.hlj.com/TMT25589

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H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B

A Ranking Henschel Part One

great and overwhelming serenity has settled upon the editorial workbench this month. After nearly two years of hints and rumours, and the appearance of those beautiful test

shots at Telford last year, the Gaspatch Henschel Hs 123s have finally landed. Most significantly one has landed here. The Hs 123A-1 boxing turned up courtesy of the manufacturer and after a brief appraisal, during which it became clear that this was a kit of considerable quality, I set to with relish. I start a lot of kits these days. Between my own attempts and various items I have been working on with fellow HMC member Hugo there is even more frustration and carnage around the modelling bench at the moment. We picked up a pile of old classic kits at the Bolton show earlier this year, and besides this I have been spending a lot of time tackling Matchbox Meteors, which involves a degree of scratch building and a lot of clean up. The prospect of getting stuck into something that could be built from the box was immediately tempting.

When tackling a kit with etch my first task is always to assemble as many of the interior parts as possible prior to priming. In this instance the etch is unpainted so the task was relatively straightforward

The cockpit is very nicely depicted with etched parts covering a number of details. The Hs 123 cockpit had no floor, and here the seat is assembled to the rear bulkhead as part of the initial assembly

I was particularly impressed with this little sub assembly. Placards have been added to the cockpit from an Airscale sheet

The finished port consul looks a lot better from a safe distance. Details were painted with a sharpened cocktail stick

Henschel Hs 123A-1 Kit No: 16-48095 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Gaspatch www.gaspatchmodels.com

A

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By Gary Hatcher As a confirmed kit assembler I am always grateful for a kit that doesn’t require any of what some refer to as ‘real modelling’. Real modelling in my book usually ends up with a half-finished best intention, the canopy of which has fatally let me down and the surface detail of which is so inconsistent as to be unviable according to my own personal modelling tastes. Opening this box revealed a set of parts on a par with even the best Eduard ProfiPACK, complete with a small etched fret and an instruction booklet that kept on giving and giving. There seem to be no omissions here, and it was with some confidence that I started on the cockpit interior. This is not the first time I have tackled the cockpit of the Hs 123. I attempted the Montex 1/32 kit some years ago for another magazine, and made a magnificent job of the insides. That kit offers a

Main panel, starboard console and flare pistol ready for painting

Eduard’s seatbelts were employed as no matter how good the kit parts my painting skills don’t even come close to the effect of colour etch

comprehensive set of resin parts and builds up into a magnificent replica. My problem came with the top wing, which I had somehow managed to make such a mess of that it would not come even close to fitting onto the struts. It did however leave me with enough of an idea as to what constitutes the aircraft’s interior to make a passable job of scratch building cockpits for two Revell/Italeri kits. I referred to the Montex website at the time too, to replicate their components to some degree. This pair, The Twins as I referred to them, made it as far as the painting and decalling stage but in the end I gave up because in spite of my best efforts my rescribing of the panel lines never quite looked tidy enough. So I entered into this particular build not only with a superb highend kit that even a ham-fisted bodger like Yours Truly would have a hard time fouling up, but also

The finished components that go to make up a very complete cockpit straight out of the box. Remarkably little of this will be visible through the cockpit aperture once the fuselage is assembled

Sidewall detail is complete and the fuselage seam does not obtrude into the cockpit area

H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B with a considerable body of research and reference already undertaken. Enough at least to know where any issues might lie. More of these anon. The kit I was passed for review is the A-1. There is a second boxing available depicting the B-1. Both kits are largely identical, the only real difference between the two being the upper wing, which in the A-1 is fabric, while the B-1 had metal skin. This does make identification from photographs a little tricky, unless the wing is clearly discernible, and an in depth search of the Internet will reveal the same aircraft identified on occasion as either one. Matters are compounded by the fact that both served side by side for some time so there is room for confusion in identifying specific airframes. The A-1 kit has of course the correct upper wing, as well as a spare lower wing part to allow different undercarriage configurations to be modelled. The

A view of the port side of the finished cockpit. Perhaps the only details that could have been improved upon are the rudder pedals, which are a little chunky in appearance

kit offers five options, two in Spanish service from 1939 and 1942 respectively, one Chinese Nationalist machine in a stippled camouflage of dark green over RLM02, and two Luftwaffe machines. The first of these is a prewar aircraft from St.G165 in 1937-38 in the attractive three tone camouflage with red tail band. The second is a bit more of an anomaly, being offered as an aircraft from SG 2 in Russia in 1944. The finish is given as all green fuselage and lower wing, RLM65 undersides, and an upper wing in the original prewar pattern of RLM61/62/63. According to the instructions this singular machine is semi spatted, the kit offering parts for fully spatted, semi spatted or unspatted wheels. Here I was presented with the first conundrum. Of the five, the only scheme that really tempted me was the prewar Luftwaffe machine, the downside being that it is shown as having no headrest

fitted. This item, a combination of pilot’s armour protection and rollpylon, is one of the defining characteristics of the Hs 123 and the prospect of modelling the type without it did not appeal. On the other hand the 1944 machine with the retro upper wing surface also lacked appeal as not only was it semi spatted (full spats are the other prerequisite for a Hs 123 in my book) but I was not entirely convinced the upper wing camouflage was to be trusted. I did raise this concern with Gaspatch. They sent me a photograph of the aircraft on which the scheme is based but I will leave it to the reader to decide whether or not they agree. There are presumably other more conclusive images on which the colour scheme is predicated. Personally I dislike anomalies for the same reasons as I avoid nose art. I like a nice workaday anonymous run-of-themill machine, so I didn’t pursue the matter any further.

Fitting the upper fuselage sections began with the forward cowling and gun troughs

I did pursue other matters though. Firstly there was the question of whether or not the Hs 123 ever carried a RLM70/71 splinter on its upper surfaces. Some say it did, some say it didn’t. Those against cite a total lack of surviving diagrams indicating what the pattern was, as well as a number of images in which the aircraft do indeed appear to painted in a single colour on the upper wings and fuselage. Those who believe the pattern did exist cite the unreliability of photographic interpretation, which has led to an assumption that other types were finished in a single green before. These have been largely disproved, and a couple of images of the Hs 123 do appear to confirm unequivocally that at least some received a two tone splinter. What is known is that factory production had ended before the new 70/71/65 pattern became standard for Luftwaffe bombers in early 1939, so any aircraft receiving these

The completed upper fuselage. Everything fits well and there are no seams that need cleaning

The finished oxygen bottle in situ

The cardboard jig provided to set the main undercarriage Eduard’s set 49098 offers a fine selection of belts for Luftwaffe bombers

The tail parts fitted together so well that my only regret is not having left them off until after painting

The model sits upon the cardboard jig, allowing the wheels to set in the correct position

Sockets in the upper wing allow a good positive fit to the struts, on the basis of which I decided to leave fitting it until after painting and decalling

Now you see it, now you don’t. Once the cockpit doors are fitted little will be visible of that wonderful cockpit you assembled with such care

The wheels were painted prior to fitting into the spats

While I am not unduly bothered by precise dimensional accuracy I test fitted the kit parts against drawings in MMP’s Scale Plans No.10. They seem to match well enough

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H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B colours would have been repainted either in the field or by maintenance units of some sort. Clearly they were repainted as the prewar scheme was phased out shortly after the Battle of France. Modellers wishing to depict aircraft from the subsequent campaigns in the Balkans and Russia will have to make an informed decision. My own solution with The Twins back along was to base a 70/71 splinter roughly on the pattern worn by the Hs 126, and to apply it in low contrasting coats so that the pattern was barely visible in colour. Experiments in Photoshop changing these to black and white left me with an image upon which it was very difficult to tell if the camouflage pattern was present or not. So with this in mind I would have opted for an aircraft in a 70/71 splinter, as I particularly want to model the type with the Infantry Assault Badge on its side. This would have allowed me to apply the head armour with impunity,

but as I had no spare decals to allow any options in these colours I had to think again. The other argument against this scheme was the magnificent set of camouflage masks that Gaspatch had sent along with the kit, and which are available separately. These allow the prewar scheme to be masked up and sprayed with ease, and it would have been a crime not to have used them. Reasoning to myself that I was almost certain to build this kit again and again, as it is almost my favourite aircraft ever, I cast about for evidence to suggest that my chosen aircraft, 52+B26, might at some point have been fitted with the essential hump while still carrying the early style of codes and the red tail band. The MMP book on the type was an immediate source of comfort. Page 22 offers a line-up of aircraft showing at least one with both red tail band and crash pylon. This is dated spring 1938. The book does seem to imply that preproduction

SC250 bombs and a centreline fuel tank are provided

Here the airframe is partially primed while any smaller parts that need to be fitted prior to painting are being identified and attached. Little filler was employed, and once the cockpit was out of the way the build proceeded quickly enough

The rear fuselage should have a seam line running the length, top and bottom. I cleaned up the original joint and rescribed the feature using Dymo tape and a pin in a twist drill

Hs 123A-0s were fitted with the hump earlier than A-1s, but on balance it seems quite possible to me that some aircraft may have been retrofitted before receiving the new style codes and losing the tail bands. All combat photos that I have seen from Poland and France suggest the hump was fitted by the outbreak of World War II, and there is a narrow window between late 1938 and mid 1939 when changes must have been effected. Most images of prewar Hs 123s show well-kept machines with the 61/62/63 splinter, red tail band and no crash pylon. Might it be the case that with war drawing closer, an innovation of significance such as the presence of pilot’s armour might have been deliberately omitted from aircraft appearing in propaganda photos? After all, interception tactics are presumably based on a knowledge of your opponents' weaknesses and strengths. If one can deny information of any of these to a potential adversary it would seem

I also found a tantalising image of an aircraft with the old style codes and crash pylon that I initially thought could have been 52+B26. Certainly the last two numbers are plain. The camo pattern however does not conform to that offered by the kit, so presumably this is based on another image confirming that this aircraft had a different pattern, like the RAF A and B schemes there were two versions of the prewar splinter to avoid a regular pattern being displayed by a line-up of aircraft on the ground. Weighing up all this evidence, uncertainty and pure speculation, I decided I could justify modelling the kit option with the crash pylon fitted. I’m not completely certain it was ever so fitted, but I believe it is possible that it was, or at least that my equipping an aircraft in these markings is not wildly unrepresentative of what might have been. Preamble over. On with the build.

The top wing with control surfaces added. The sockets for the struts allowed a bent coat hanger to be inserted for ease of handling

The hump, guiltily added. A decision I am still trying to convince myself was acceptable

Xtradecal have a sheet for the kit due, although at time of writing this was unavailable. The set includes markings for the aircraft ironically daubed with graffiti by members of Fliegergruppe 50 for their Adjutant, Lieutenant Hamman, on his learning to fly

60 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

worth the effort to do so.

The kit instruction sheet offers excellent artwork for the five options provided. This is the aircraft chosen for this build. Thank Heavens for Gaspatch’s masking sheet for the complex three tone camo pattern

It is easy to overlook small items in the instructions such as this scoop on the starboard fuselage for instance, but careful reading of each section will ensure nothing gets left out. Just make sure each part number in the diagrams is accounted for

H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B I had surpassed any previous efforts in this field.

Classic prewar propaganda shot of the Hs 123. The hump is not fitted, although images of preproduction Hs 123A-0s seem to suggest it would have been available at the time this photograph was taken. The item served as both pilot’s armour and a crash pylon to protect the pilot in the event of overturning on the ground. Very few surviving pictures show this fitted to aircraft in the early style codes. These were introduced in early 1939 and seem to have coincided with the removal of the red tail band. It is the author’s keenest desire to find conclusive evidence that they might have been fitted to the aircraft he is building while still wearing this scheme

Construction Building this kit is a pure pleasure. Starting with the cockpit, everything is provided, everything fits beautifully and really nothing needs to be scratch built. I particularly enjoyed myself with the oxygen bottle assembly, which is made up from three plastic parts, two etched parts and one decal. There is even a part provided to fold the etched sheath that the bottle sits in round. Once painted and finished it all looked tremendous. I even came to terms with the tricky task of painting the instrument panel. This is provided with decals for the instrument faces, but each of the bezels sits on

a square placard, so the modeller is obliged to paint a number of tiny black squares, very close together, on the RLM02 background. I achieved this by sharpening a cocktail stick to the thickness of a hair and painstakingly painting them in by hand. With the decals in place the whole thing passed muster, and a similar process was followed with the side console and the centre panel. Everything was finally finished and assembled entirely from the box, with the exception of the seatbelts, for which I used some prepainted Eduard Steel items. Everything fitted perfectly and was inserted into the fuselage halves. Some juggling was

necessary to fit bulkheads round internal details, but it is all logical and works beautifully. A couple of the parts that mount on the sidewalls and pass through holes in the forward bulkhead had to be fitted after the fuselage was joined but this proved simple enough. Of course once it is all in place very little will be visible. The cockpit is a deep dark hole with only the uppermost detail discernible. The seat is fairly deep in the hole too, as the seat pan was designed to contain the parachute. I was pleased with the way the Eduard belts hung on this item, and in fact by the time I had fitted the cockpit doors and everything was hidden away I was more than satisfied that

With the two halves joined the next task was to assemble the various components of the upper fuselage and machine guns. One task I did was to spray black into the gun troughs as the rearmost five millimetres or so of these are covered over by the louvred sections that fit between the foremost part and the cockpit coaming. This whole upper fuselage comprises four parts, as well as the cockpit doors, and requires a careful fit to avoid any untidy seams. I placed stuff carefully and flooded liquid poly into the joints to seal it all piece by piece and in the end I was delighted to find the cockpit doors a tight fit and everything looking clean and tidy. Very little clean up was required on the fuselage seams, although the MMP plans I acquired suggest that as with the Bf 109 there is a seam line on the aircraft along the centre line of both upper and lower rear fuselage. I decided this needed to be a little tidier than the join I had made so I filled and sanded it all flush and then rescribed both top and bottom from the tail forwards. One other job that needs to be done here concerns the tail wheel. If you opt for anything other than the 1944 scheme, you will need to remove a fairing from in front of the tail wheel. This proved uneventful however and so I was able to move on to fitting the wings. One of my big concerns with this kit was whether or not the top wing could be left off until the end of the build, or at least until after painting. I assembled upper and lower wing halves and attached the lower in place, finding just a little filler required at the roots. This firmly set in place I added both the main wing struts and cabane struts. These fit very positively and are quite sturdy and the upper wing has sockets for them to fit into that are so well engineered there should

Image provided by Gaspatch illustrating option five in the Hs 123A-1 kit. Note the two styles of indent on the aircraft’s crash pylon. Gaspatch offer parts to allow either to be constructed

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

61

H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B be no problem adding the upper wing after painting. This will not only make the paint job easier but will also facilitate the minimal rigging that takes place between the cabane struts. Hugely relieved I tidied up the wing edges and added the control surfaces. These are equipped with etched actuators but I left these off until after the main paint job as there was a great deal of masking to get through that they would never have survived. Tail planes and rudder were next, with struts for the tail planes and a separate trim tab that can be fitted without cement and posed at will. Not being a fan of such devices I would have preferred a moulded part but it looks very nice in situ, and as I was planning on painting the tail in any case the issue of adding the tail band decal to it didn’t arise. Moving on to the undercarriage, Gaspatch thoughtfully provide a cardboard jig to sit the aircraft in while the glue hardens. Be careful setting this up as it will work as long as you follow the instructions. I had foolishly masked up the wheels in their spats before attaching them and sitting the aircraft in the jig, and I think this caused it to set out of kilter. I ended up having to clean the joint up a little but I am pretty certain if I had just sat the wheels properly in the grooves as directed it would have

been fine. This kit is all about precision. It’s sweetly engineered but you do need to pay attention and treat it with respect. Perhaps the most difficult (in fact the only difficult) job I encountered was removing the engine push rods from their sprue, parts G9-17. This involves cleaning some heavy moulding points off very flimsy plastic rods, and while I managed to avoid breaking any, some of them turned out a little rough by the time I had tidied them up. The rest of the engine assembly was easy and offered no problems. Parts G7 and G8 are the two halves of the carburettor intake, which builds into a square scoop protruding through the lower cowling. This needed careful clean up too, and it would be better replaced by a resin item should anyone – Gaspatch themselves? – get round to releasing one. I was initially worried about the cowling. Anyone who has ever tackled the old Esci/Italeri/Revell kit will be aware of their solution in this area, which is a separate front half, resulting in a join line right over all those prominent bulges round the cowling once joined. The problem is the Hs 123’s engine sits in a tapered cowling that cannot be slipped over the completed part. No less than thirteen separate slices need to be joined together to form three sections that then fit round

One of the few images I was able to find of an aircraft carrying both early style codes and the crash pylon/head armour. Of course it may well not be an A-1 at all, but both this and the image in the MMP book have allowed me to assume the combination might have been possible (Bundesarchiv) the engine once it is in situ. I pondered how best to approach this and after a few dry fits once I had assembled the three main sections, decided I would paint the cowling in its three separate components, install the engine to the model after painting, then fit the cowling round it. This kind of work usually ends in tears, and gluing painted and finished parts together can be a risky business but in this instance the fit is good enough to allow it.

With the engine and cowling parts separately assembled I worked round the airframe adding any parts that could not be left until after painting and then commenced spraying final primer coats with Halfords Grey Primer, tidying up the model ready for the colour scheme to be applied. At this point the clock struck midnight, the Deadline Fairy waved her wand and the enchanted workbench fell silent. To be concluded...

This image is one of the very few that conclusively show a 70/71 splinter on the upper surfaces. It seems likely that while some aircraft may well have appeared in an overall green, the assertion that the splinter was never applied is incorrect. The problem has arisen because there are no surviving diagrams for the scheme. Modellers have presumably been relying on best guesses for the colour demarcations. In the light of such uncertainty can the author’s heinous and gratuitous addition of a crash pylon to an aircraft he has never seen a picture of either with or without be regarded as acceptable? Opinions on all Hs 123-related issues welcome (Bundesarchiv)

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1937 RLM63/65; Fiat CR.32 3-3 NC183 3a Squadriglia, 1 Gruppo Caccia 1936; CR.32 White 5 X Gruppo Autonomo Caccia 'Baleari’ Palma 1936, Sand/ brown/green; Fiat G.50 1-1 Gruppo Sperimentale Caccia Major M.Bonzano 1939; Hawker Hispano Fury 4W-1 captured ex Republican 1938;

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REVIEWS

Russian Falcon Revell’s Reboxing By Bob Ward

I

must admit that I’ve been a fan of the Fulcrum since I saw my first one close to thirty years ago. Who else can remember its UK debut at the 1988 Farnborough air show? When I saw Anatoli Kvotchur perform his flat show within the airfield boundary, I was hooked.

The first MiG-29 had flown in October 1977, entering service in July 1982. Around 1,600 have been built for both the Russian Air Force and Navy and export countries. Revell have just issued their version of the upgraded MiG-29S, NATO codename Flanker C. So let’s clear the work bench and see what’s in the now standard Revell black box. Incidentally, the box is rather flimsy and the postal service in my part of the world gave it a bit of a hammering, though the contents survived intact.

MiG-29S Fulcrum Kit No: 03936 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en

There are five large sprues in the box, three with the main airframe plus a pair with the weapons, drop tanks and engine exhaust outlets. All are in good quality light grey plastic, with unobtrusive engraved detail. When I looked at these and their layout, they seemed familiar. A quick trip to the stash in the loft to pull out the Zvezda offering allowed direct comparison between the two. This, and a Made in Russia logo on Revell’s box, confirms that it’s the Zvezda offering reboxed.

latter might again suggest other versions of the basic kit will follow. Whilst that is a tantalising prospect, it does offer a problem. There is very little mating surface available and the locating tongue is almost non-existent. I added small brass pins to reinforce the joint and handled the jet very carefully during the rest of the build. Stage 17 will have you installing the engine intake faces. These have a very small flange on the rim that fits into a similarly small groove in the intake. I originally thought this flange was a moulding error and nearly sanded it off. Not fatal, but it would have led to a few mutterings from this builder. Another possible ‘gotcha’ comes in Section 18, whist fitting the engine nacelles and afterburners. The sprue gates over-run slightly onto the mating faces of each nacelle. However when cleaning them off, make sure you don’t take off the moulded pip that locates into a small pit on the inner nacelle section. Then when you fit parts C2, be aware that they have a lug that fits into a recess in the upper fuselage moulding. This is important as it makes sure the can is properly aligned in relation to the nacelle and aft fuselage. I left the actual burner cans, part C3, off until after painting, to save having to mask them up.

Also in the box alongside a small clear sprue is another small sprue with two pilots, one seated, and the other in hero pose. Revell’s sixteen page, fifty five stage A4 size instruction sheet covers all you’ll need to know. Despair not, the first six pages cover the usual Elfan Safety stuff, colour mixes and general assembly advice. As is usual from this manufacturer, all colours used are from their own ranges, with no FS 595 or similar references. Finally, as almost an afterthought, there is a small decal sheet for the single colour scheme on offer, that of a Fulcrum C of the Russian Falcons aerobatic team in 2008.

Stages 27 to 34 cover the undercarriage assembly. It’s the first time I’ve seen landing lights supplied with separate clear lenses, so I was quite impressed with this. The nose leg comes in seven small and rather delicate pieces. As I was not sure that it would make a robust assembly when completed, I used a trick taught me many years ago. Once the main assembly had dried out, I painted the joints with very thin superglue. Once this had dried out I had a much stronger item to fit into the nose wheel bay.

Right, that’s the basics over so let’s get on with the build. As I’ve mentioned earlier Revell’s instructions come with fifty five separate sections. Forty one cover the basic airframe, with a further thirteen covering ancillary items, mainly weapons fit, which you won’t need if you plan to build the aircraft with the decals on offer in the kit. Stage 55 covers the painting and decalling instructions.

The kit parts, once any sprue gates are cleaned up, fit together very well. I needed just a smear of filler on the wing to fuselage join, most likely because I’d not cleaned them up enough. I also ran some typewriter correction fluid along the nacelle joints as well, just in case. Younger readers may need to search Google for ‘typewriter’ if they’ve not heard of this ancient writing machine before.

First I gave all the parts a wash in warm soapy water, to get rid of any release oil from the moulds. Then the canopy was dunked into Klear and put safely to one side. Construction starts with a very nice five part replica of the K36 ejection seat. The sprues hold two seats, giving you a useful spare and a hint that a two seater jet might be on the cards. As the main fuselage parts and wing tips are on dedicated sprues, this makes me thinks that other versions may follow.

Basic assembly completed, we now arrive at Stage 42. This covers building a set of wheel chocks, whilst in stage 43 you can build a free standing pilot figure. Stages 44 to 54 cover building and fitting a comprehensive suite of weapons, which won’t be needed for the Russian Falcons. These stages are, I think, rather confusing as it is not immediately clear which of the dozen pylons on the sprues hold a particular weapon so if you want to build an in service jet, you’ll need to ponder a bit.

Having built and installed the seat into the upper fuselage moulding, let’s follow through with the next thirty six stages. If building straight from the box you can ignore stage 6, as this covers drilling out the holes for the weapons pylons, which you won’t need. However the bits will add some useful extras to your spares box. Beware when you get to stage 8. This is where you install the starboard main undercarriage bay. The instructions have a small mistake in that the small plate to fit the front of the bay is actually part 37, not 36. Similarly in stage 10, the port bay, you need to use part 36 not part 37. Stages 12 and 13 cover the main wing assembly. Here you add the upper port and starboard wings and separate wing tips. The

64 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

Apart from these minor points, construction is quite straightforward through to stage 41.

I mentioned earlier that the kit is the Zvezda kit, and all the sprue numbers and layouts are exactly the same, so you can use their assembly instructions as a cross reference. The pylon and weapon tie-ups are as follows: • Pylon C9 can carry either the free fall bomb or launcher shoe C19 and unguided rocket C11 • Pylons C14 hold missile C21 • Pylon C15 holds the drop tanks • Pylon C16 holds missile C18 All this aside, we’re now at Stage 55: painting. I’ll freely admit that I’m old fashioned and still use paintbrushes on my models. That said, I prime them with a quick overall spray with

REVIEWS Halfords grey primer to give a good undercoat for the paint to follow. After a check to make sure I’d not missed any joints etc. that needed filling, I masked off the nose cone and fin dielectric panels, as I think the grey more accurate than Revell’s suggestion of dark blue. The painting guide refers only to Revell’s own brand of paints, with light blue for the front part of the jet and dark blue for the aft section. Rather than try to paint the leading edges of the horizontal stabilisers silver, I used Xtradecal’s aluminium stripe instead. The decals went on like a dream, working well with my usual setting solutions. When you come to fit the stripe on the top of the fuselage you may be better off not fitting the aerial until right at the end of your build, as the decal extends forward of the aerial. I had to make a small cut in the apex of the white stripe to get it to fit. However once in place the stripes settled around the aerial with no obvious gaps. There are three sets of airframe numbers on offer. I settled for

aircraft 29 Red. The remaining numbers will make a nice addition to your decal bank if you’re planning to build any more Russian aircraft. We’re now into the home stretch, with just the wheels, nose mudguard and burner cans to fit. I used Xtracolour X628 Russian Green on the wheel hubs, Humbrol Panzer Grey on the wheels and Humbrol 27004 Gunmetal on the burners. The burners have excellent moulding details both outside and inside. This is spoiled by having four sprue gates around the circumference, just where the afterburner petals are, which makes for a mildly awkward clean up.

forces – now that’s a scary thought. So there we have it. The build is over and it now sits on my model shelf, looking every bit a Fulcrum. With the few points mentioned above I think it justifies Revell’s Level 4 experience rating. I’ve learned from it and will certainly be building at least a couple more. When I compared prices of this and the Zvezda original, Revell is just under ten percent more expensive. I find this strange as you have decals for only one version, along with a heap of weapons for the spares box. The choice, dear modeller, is up to you.

The kit includes covers for the intakes and exhausts, as well as a set of wheel chocks. A very clever idea if you want to pose your jet on a diorama base. The only thing missing is an entry ladder for the pilot. As an aside the Fulcrum was designed to be compatible with NATO standard aircraft ground handling equipment. This meant that in the event of war they could use any kit left behind at NATO airfields overrun by invading

I’ll end this review by passing on a tip to defeat the carpet monster. When trying to fit the tiny fiddly bits I had a cardboard tray from a large kit on my lap. This caught the odd bit that flew off from time to time. I thought this went well and mentioned it to my wife. She agrees, and strongly suggested I adopt this method at meal times...

grey and one clear sprue of injection moulded plastic, one decal sheet and one instruction booklet. The parts have finely engraved panel lines and excellent detail, and there are nine figures included including Stalin and Molotov along with the crew, two of whom are in the sitting position and used on in-flight versions.

engine pods are fitted to the wings.

Revell?

Molotov’s Cockpit Kit of Plastic, Man of Steel By Andy McCabe

Kit No: 7280 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Zvezda The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

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he Petlyakov PE-8 was a long range transoceanic bomber that proved its suitability as a passenger aircraft when it was modified to become the Soviet’s Government Transport Aircraft. Two were modified and one became Stalin’s own personal transport. The PE-8 was designed by Vladimir Petlyakov and built by Factory No.124 in the Soviet Union between 1936 and 1944 and first flew on 27th December 1936 with ninety three built. It was powered by four Mikulin AM-35A liquid cooled V-12 engines and had a range of 2,299 miles and a crew of eleven. This latest reissue of Zvezda’s kit of the Petlyakov PE-8 ON consists of eight sprues of

The instructions have colour call outs for Humbrol paints throughout the build. The decals are superbly printed with only one version supplied, which is for Stalin’s own personal aircraft. Parts are supplied for the bomber version and there is a full passenger cabin supplied as well for Stalin and his entourage. Just for a change, instead of starting with the cockpit we begin with the outer engine nacelles and then by assembling, if you want to fit them, the engine nacelle gunners, which fit into the next stage of assembly, which is the rearward facing nacelle gun bays. I chose not to fit the crew figures as they would be included later on standing up greeting Mr Stalin. The inner engines were now assembled. The build of this kit consists mainly of putting sub assemblies together and then bringing them all together later on. The engines are the first stage, the next is the wings, beginning by fitting all of the ribs and braces that are inside the main wheel wells. The upper wing halves are then glued to the lower assembly and then the

Work now commenced on the fuselage by opening out the passenger windows and door then fitting the glazing into the openings. The cabin parts were sprayed whilst still on their sprues and then assembled. This consists of twelve seats, two bulkheads, two sidewalls and the roof. This assembly is then put to one side and work on the cockpit commenced. The instruments are supplied as decals as are the navigator/radio operator and flight engineer panels, all of which are assembled onto their respective floor/bulkheads, and then the whole lot is assembled into the completed nose interior. The cockpit and cabin assemblies are then inserted into one fuselage half. The bulkheads for the cockpit and cabin also double up as wing spars. Now the two fuselage halves were glued together and a few other fuselage bits added before my favourite part began (not) of masking the windows, and there are a lot of them on the PE-8 and no decal masks are supplied. After an hour or so of taping up all of the clear glazed parts they were fitted to the fuselage openings. Next the wings and tailplanes were glued to the fuselage and the last section to assemble for now was the tail gunner’s position,

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REVIEWS and yet more glazing to be masked. The bomb bay fairing was now glued into position and the model was ready for painting. A coat of grey primer was applied and then the lower wings/fuselage were sprayed with Mr Hobby H74. This was then masked and the upper surfaces were sprayed with Mr Hobby H303 Green. The decals were now applied and final assembly commenced. The undercarriage was

WZ-10 Thunderbol By Robert A. Meguid

Kit No: 87260 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Creative Models/Squadron

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he pile of half-builts is growing but none have made it to the shelf in a while. How about a well engineered kit of an all black, modern aircraft? Should be quick, right? Things are seldom as simple as we desire however, and there's always a story... This is a crisply moulded kit of the Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC) WZ-10 Thunderbolt modern attack helicopter. It is a far cry from the HobbyBoss Easy Kit I built a few years ago, another monotone small aircraft, which made it to the display shelf within a month or two of being started. Record time! Detail is extensive by comparison. It comes in a sturdy, well sized box. The kit consists of four light grey sprues with 149 parts, each sprue individually bagged, and one clear sprue of four parts in a padded bag and separately compartmentalized from the rest of the kit. The kit has been updated since the original issue (87253) of the Z-10 in 2012, intended to reflect the production variant with new tooled sprues. It appears to be well engineered. There are separately bagged decals provided for two overall black helicopters, one from the Republic of Chinese People’s Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF) Feng Lei Aerobatic team, and one

painted, assembled and fitted to the airframe followed by the props. Finally the various aerials were fitted and antennae wire added using Lycra thread.

Conclusion Zvezda kits are superbly detailed and have a great level of moulding quality. The parts are superbly moulded and the fit of them is excellent. I had no problems at all during from an active unit of the PLAGF, with comprehensive stencils, all are in good register. A single etched brass fret of twenty one parts includes seatbelts, vent grills, wind shield wipers, canopy latches and other fine details. Surface detail of the parts is good, with fine engraved panel lines. Sprue gates are small, with minimal marks and almost no flash present. The main rotor blades have moulded droop. The main and tail rotors are designed to turn, but can’t be added or removed after building. Options for four types of guided and unguided missiles and rockets are provided. The separately bagged clear parts are well cast and clear, but are moulded with cockpit doors closed. The instructions provide minimal information on the background of the Changhe WZ-10. The twenty step instructions provide guidance of producing an antenna from stretched sprue, but the diagram is not to scale and an additional tail antenna not depicted in the instructions is visible in online photos. The two sided camouflage and decal instruction sheet is printed in colour, with call outs for Mr. Hobby, Vallejo, Model Master, Tamiya and Humbrol. Overall the kit looks like it will be a hassle free build and finish. Construction begins with the cockpit, including two part seats. The headrests are added separately but the bucket seat is devoid of any cushion padding detail. Alignment tabs are precise for most parts and etched brass harnesses are provided. Recommended colours were Aircraft Grey for the instrument panel and black for the cockpit combing. Decals for the consoles are provided, but are not accurate compared with Internet photos. The second step includes assembling the main rotor hub detail. This is nicely represented and intended to rotate. The design of the kit has you attach the main rotor hub to the fuselage, and add on the rotor blades later. Part of the reason this is only my second helicopter build in thirty five years of modelling, is precisely this issue. I recently had the displeasure of moving a large proportion of my completed model collection from my boyhood house 1,500 miles across the continental United States to my current residence (thanks Mom for saving my dusty memories all these years). This challenge of moving many piston engine models

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assembly, which shows just how good a fit the parts are. I am now a big fan of Zvezda kits as they have a high level of detail and finesse that ensures a good looking model at the end, apart from any figures that need painting that is, as the reviewer's limitations prevail here I am afraid. This is another excellent release from Zvezda and I look forward to reviewing more in the not too distant future I hope. prompted my desire to keep the rotors removable for transportation. Therefore I replaced the shaft, part A44, with a brass wire with added purchase by drilling through the rotor hub and securing with CA glue. The wire was of suitable diameter to insert into an aluminium tube itself fixed into the base of the rotor assembly, part B1, with epoxy and scrap plastic, to increase the mating surface and ensure stability. This allows the main rotor to be removed and replaced, while maintaining the ability to rotate and providing enough length of contact between the two pieces of tubing to maintain stability. Unfortunately I did not figure out a way to make the tail rotor removable. Sprue gates on the fuselage were surprisingly deep and extended into the mating surface requiring added clean-up. This included extending onto the exterior surface by the rotor and the tail. Assembling the two fuselage halves traps the rotor shaft housing assembly, the cockpit and the nose cannon. The latter, which is rather crude compared to photos of the real machine, would have been prone to damage during later construction had I not removed the barrel. I cut this off at the cannon housing, and cut a groove in the two housing parts to accept a suitably cut twenty two gauge hypodermic needle to replace the gun barrel. This improved the appearance, and I could add it on at the end of the build. I sprayed the cockpit light grey as although no call out is provided for this, photos show this to be light grey. Then I finished painting and assembly of the cockpit guided by the thirty five or so good photos on the Internet. More on this later. The canopy is beautifully presented with slide moulds for the bulging windows. While the crew entry windows could possibly be positioned opened, the panes for these don't coincide with the way the entry hatches open in photos. I painted the upper and front windows with a mix of Tamiya clear blue and green, although I should have diluted this mix with Klear or Future, as it's too dense a colour compared to photos, and I ultimately realized the front facing wind shields should have remained clear. Obvious to some, but I'm largely ignorant of helicopters. I coated the entire canopy and the entry hatch/windows with Future and set them aside to cure for two days.

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REVIEWS Concurrently I applied filler to the areas where the sprue gates had marred the surface and along the entire bottom seam of the fuselage where there was a visible step. I added the tail rotor housing, opting to fit the tail rotor itself at the end of the build. I completed the details of the cockpit, including adding the etched harnesses provided and the decals for the MFDs, dark washing the cockpit and light washing the instrument consoles, then sealing everything with a gloss top coat for instruments and matt for the rest. I glued a small piece of clear sheet acetate to the front canopy for the drop down HUD, then attached the canopy with superglue. The fit was precise. I also cleaned up the main and tail rotor blades and set them aside for painting. The kit comes with multiple options for ordinance. These include two different types of rocket pods and two different types of missiles, each on four missile rails, TY-90 anti armour and HJ-10 air-to-air missiles. I did not find images of either of the rocket pods as provided online. The cylindrical rocket pods on the actual aircraft differ in design and number of rockets from those provided in the kit. Fit on the rocket pods was mediocre, with two rounds of putty and sanding to hide the seams. In contrast the missile rails were fine and fiddly to construct. Tamiya extra thin glue secured these together after I dry assembled them. Note that the larger of the two holes for the weapons pylons should be in the front of the rocket pods and missile rails, and the larger of the two posts fitting into these holes should be in front for parts D2. After adding and masking the canopy with Tamiya tape, I added fine pieces to the fuselage. I removed the foremost bilateral square protrusions, and the same two from the tail, as these four bumps were absent from the specific airframe I was modelling. I added another cylindrical sensor to the nose just in front of the odd rods, made from the kit's sprue. I built up the foremost of the two square sensors under the tail as well, as per reference images. Adding the four cylindrical sensors to the nose and tail, parts A32-35, required a sharp knife, an extremely fine pair of forceps and Tamiya extra thin cement, my new favourite tool. I cut the fine parts off the sprue backing it with masking tape to prevent parts from becoming sacrifices to the carpet god/monster. I added three drilled holes spaced out along the port side of the tail boom to fit the antenna later on, drilled two holes in the port side of the tail fin and two holes bilaterally in the rotor housing. I carved steps for the rear cockpit access, created two prominent depressions near the intakes, and filled the existing hole in the tail bilaterally, all as per photos. I was unable to eliminate the seam line along the bottom of the fuselage completely, despite putty and primer, for fear of eliminating the fine rivet and panel detail. Fortunately it's on the bottom of the aircraft.

exhibition. While the wraparound light green, dark green and light brown scheme was in no way conducive to getting the kit finished before the impending birth of my son, four weeks after I started, it was way more interesting than the monotonous all black scheme provided for in the kit. Thus desire superseded practicality. Most markings for the colourful version could be sourced from the kit's decal sheet, but the airframe numbers would be a problem. I drew out the camouflage scheme on a copy of the instructions, based on photos found online. After testing out about a dozen paints, I settled on a combination of Model Master enamels using Afrika Grunbraun '41 (2099), Medium Green FS34102 (1713) and Imperial Japanese Navy Green (2116). This represents a broad scope of eras and countries and is a close, but not perfect match. I try not to mix major colours, as it's tough to create an exact match for the obligatory touch ups. I created a jig with paper clips and inserted it into the landing gear attachment points to support the fuselage while painting. After wiping down the components with ODX to degrease the kit, I sprayed the masked canopy with Interior Black (2040) for the interior framing and then primed the fuselage with Testors Grey (1238) from a rattle can. Once dry the grey wing walks were masked off. The exhaust area was airbrushed Alclad II Steel. While masking the exhaust I realized the exhausts on the model cants forward while that on the actual helicopter cants backwards. In addition, the back end of the fuselage before the tail boom is shaped differently in reality. I trimmed the exhausts to mimic reality without bothering to revise the inaccurate shapes entirely. I then reprimed and repainted the exhausts Alclad II Steel. After masking the exhausts (on the real heli there’s a part of the fuselage under the exhaust pipes that is bare metal) the Grunbraun was airbrushed over the entire airframe. Camouflage masking was achieved with rolls of Blu-Tack for the soft edges covered by masking tape. The Medium Green and IJN Green were sequentially painted. After removing the masks, the camouflage scheme is effective. The finely engraved panel lines tolerated the multiple coats of paint applied before the camo.

I added the exhaust grills, though the etched screen is too coarse and the compound curve of the fuselage makes fitting these challenging. I filed these with a diamond file to help them blend into the fuselage.

Concurrent to painting the fuselage, I painted the rotor blades Schwarzgrau '39-43 (2094) and RAF Medium Sea Grey (2058) and the main linkage gear Italian Blue Gray (2113) with a dark wash. The TY-90 missiles were painted Neutral Grey (1725) with Insignia Red (FS31136) ‘remove before flight’ nose cones to add colour by dipping the missiles into the unthinned red paint. The HJ-10 missiles were painted Russian Underside Blue (2123) and details and rocket pods Interior Black. Tyre hubs were masked with Arctic Decals Circular vinyl painting masks, size 3.75mm for the main wheels and 3.5mm for the tail wheel. They worked well after I got a good seal with the hub. Ultimately I used a total of twelve different colours on the exterior, not to mention the cockpit interior. I recommend the Chinese military standardize their colours as it's as bad as the North Korean Air Force.

Shortly after I commenced the build, I came across a photo of the Z-10K in the new three tone People’s Liberation Army Ground Force camouflage, as displayed at the 2016 Zhuhai

Given the resulting voids of the air intakes and the lack of detail of the exhausts, I cut plastic inlet and exhaust covers from some scrap curved plastic, painted red. Discs of sheet styrene were

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cut using a brass Airwaves circle template, stretched sprue handles added and then painted Insignia Red for exhaust covers. These were positioned on blobs of Blu-Tack then superglued into place. Not only did these hide the lack of inlet and exhaust detail but they also served to add some bright colour to the model. Main landing gear was cleaned of the two prominent rings near the wire cutters and added. Additional antennae were added per the instructions, verified by photos. The landing gear legs, nose sensor (top turret and ball turret), the panel directly behind the ball turret, the nose gun housing and the dorsal and ventral blade antennae were painted Gunze Sangyo H65 RLM Schwarzgrun 70, reflecting the subtle difference seen in photographs (Model Master RLM70 is too grey for this). I glossed the entire airframe with future, hand brushed. Decals came from the kit, with serial numbers pilfered from Dutch Decal 72068 Do 215 serial numbers which are close but not exact. The kit decals settled well over the gloss surface with a single application of Micro Set and Sol. The yellow stencils were a little translucent. I decalled the bottom of the fuselage first, to test the decals out, before committing them to the rest of the airframe. Working from tail to nose, I decalled each side and the top over several enjoyable evenings. The many stencils checked out accurately with photos except for a few missing. Not bad. I could not verify the stencils on the ordinance, so omitted the innumerable tiny items provided. The coloured stripes on the linkage gear of the main and tail rotor were not provided as decals and I did not attempt to hand paint them. I did not weather the model as it represents a brand new airframe. I gave the completed model an overall Floquil Semigloss finish, but this was too glossy so I over coated it with a thin coat of Mr. Hobby Flat Topcoat (B-503) from the rattle can. After removing the canopy masks it looked pretty good. I accented the black canopy gaskets with a black permanent marker, not very well done unfortunately. I added the final small pieces, replacing parts A7 and A20 which are oversized, crude, solid plastic intake screens, with Tasman Medium Mesh (at last I had a reason to use it after purchasing it oh so many years ago). I carefully trimmed and shaped the mesh over the blunt end of a black permanent marker and coloured it black with the same pen. It surprised me that the intake screens were solid plastic when etched brass screens are provided for the cooling vents. The pitot, radar warning receivers and wire cutters were added and painted. I added a 7x4mm piece of white styrene card painted with two yellow rectangles to represent the prominently visible dielectric panel under the fuselage as surprisingly this is not represented as a decal or moulded on the kit. The instructions provide a guide for how to shape and size a long antenna running up the side of the tail, suggesting use of stretched sprue but the guide isn't to scale so it isn't as useful as it could have been. Also Internet photos of the production helicopter show a different antenna configuration. Based on the latter, I used a length of fine Contrail tube mounted on short lengths of 009 gauge guitar wire embedded in tiny holes in the tail boom. I

REVIEWS also added a length of guitar wire for the tail antenna. I added some Insignia Red ‘remove before flight’ tags made from wine bottle lead, per the photos, as it added more colour. The bits were all painted, followed by the mandatory touch up of spilled CA glue.

Conclusion I spent an hour or two here and there working on the model, at a leisurely pace between work and family commitments. Our son being born just before the painting sessions resulted in an understandable delay in completion, so the build spanned longer than I would have liked it

to. This gave me a chance to think about the technical challenges such as how to make the rotor removable, and how to create the inlet screens. The challenges were not too demanding and none of it was insurmountable. Overall this was an enjoyable build, spanning six months, three trips to the local hobby shop, and the birth of one son. It was easy to accomplish a basic build from the kit, but challenging to build a very accurate and detailed model. Much more exterior detail could have been added as well. Accuracy of scale? It scales out accurately based on online dimensions. It certainly has the look and sit of the real aircraft, and is reasonably menacing. However there are

inconsistencies in the engineering adding hassles to the build, such as the fit of the spurious rocket pods, some areas of the main fuselage seam and the fit of the etched brass cooling vents onto the compound fuselage curves. There are accuracy issues with the overall shape of the exhausts, the details of the fuselage lumps and bumps, with the two types of rocket pods, and simplification of some of the details. To Hobby Boss, I say thank you for providing a highly buildable and unusual kit, and here's hoping for a 1/72 Chenyang F-7. Now I'm inspired and invigorated, maybe next I’ll tackle a Sandinistan Mi-10, Algerian Mi-35 or Iranian CH-53...

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SCALE COMMUNIT Y

IPMS (UK) Column Presented By Chris Ayre

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hat type of modeller would you describe yourself as? By that, I suppose I’m asking whether you consider yourself to be a beginner to the hobby, an average constructor of kits, an experienced, skilled model maker or even, oh lordy, a master modeller! I mean there are obviously a multitude of levels of skill and ability that could be slotted between the arbitrary labels that I just plucked from the ether but where do you think that you sit? I’m asking due to a recent conversation with a friend in which we talked about how long we had each been a member of IPMS (UK) and our reasons for joining. Now apart from the fact that my original reasons for becoming a member are probably lost in the mists of time as it’s been a while since I joined, I can list a range of reasons why I would encourage readers to join now. I’ll return to these shortly... The conversation I refer to above touched on the fact that not long after I joined the Society, I became aware that certain sections of the modelling community weren’t all that keen on the IPMS. This was apparently because in their eyes this organised group was seen as somehow putting itself above the common herd and claiming some kind of superiority. The word most bandied about at the time was elitist. Now perhaps because I’d been a fairly solitary modeller up until that point, I’d not been aware of those murmurs and rumblings and I was rather surprised to hear of them once I became a member. My own experience was, and remains to this day, quite the reverse. From the first time I ever attended a Branch meeting, I have found the Society to be a broad-minded, welcoming body of individuals and elitism, although discussed from time to time, has never been an issue of which I’ve been aware. I can only assume that any perception of such a stance, founded on rumour or otherwise, quite swiftly faded away as the true value of such an organisation became apparent. In recent years, the continuing growth of both the UK Society membership and the worldwide reach (there are currently some 65 international bodies) has been a good indicator that the idea of an IPMS modelling crème de la crème is complete nonsense. Which brings me back to my opening question and the fact that your answer, in truth, doesn’t really matter all that much. In terms of joining IPMS (UK), all modellers are welcomed and regardless of experience and ability will undoubtedly benefit from membership. For those of you new to the hobby, becoming a member connects you to a wealth of experience, and help and advice is invariably given whenever sought (and perhaps occasionally even when not sought). On the IPMS (UK) website you will find a list of over one hundred Branches that meet regularly at locations all around the UK, plus a small number that are based online. If you’d like to get a taste of the Society before committing, a visit to one of these Branch meetings is a good first step. You will be made most welcome and you will meet modellers of all abilities, from other relative newbies to Society veterans. I realise that for some the thought of walking into a meeting of an established group can be quite daunting, and

yes, I’m talking from experience, but a quick call or email to the local Branch Secretary will generally provide the reassurance you need. Contact details and meeting locations can be found on the website. Although some of the more experienced among us may feel that they don’t really need the help and advice of others, there are of course lots more benefits to belonging to the IPMS. The social side of the hobby is important to many and Branches provide an opportunity to show and discuss your models with like-minded folk and, as many Branches travel to the various model shows around the country, there is a teamwork element involved in putting together a good display. I have certainly made good friends through the shared experience of belonging to IPMS (UK). For those few almost mythical master modellers out there, please note that there is also much to be gained as where else will you find a captive audience to whom you can pontificate and pass on your wisdom? I am teasing, of course, and one of the great strengths of a Branch, indeed of the Society as a whole, is in the wide variety of experience, knowledge and skill of its members. I could go on but I won’t, other than to list some of the more official benefits of IPMS (UK) membership. These include the Society magazine, a high quality, full colour journal produced bimonthly by fellow modellers. In addition to the network of Branches discussed above, the Society also has a similar number of Special Interest Groups (SIGs). These groups are organised by members with shared interests, so if you have a particular fondness for science fiction, or you are obsessed with a particular type of aeroplane/armoured vehicle/conflict, you should be able to make contact with those of a similar mind. IPMS also has a couple of Technical Advisory Services plus a Decal Bank and an Instruction Sheet Library, all of which are there to assist members. An increasing number of model related retailers offer discounted prices to IPMS members (membership card required) and then there is the big one, considered by many to be the most valuable membership benefit, free entry to Scale ModelWorld (the World’s Greatest Model Show) and this includes priority entry with admission allowed before the general public on both days of the show, priority entry to the Kit Swap, the opportunity to enter your models in the IPMS Championship competition and discounted hotel accommodation close to the show venue,

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The latest issue of the IPMS (UK) Society magazine

although this is on a first come, first served basis. All good stuff and definitely not exclusive or elitist. If you haven’t done so already, why not consider joining us?

Showtime As this is the September issue, we are technically only a couple of months away from the above mentioned World’s Greatest Model Show, but as in reality I’m writing this somewhat earlier, I’ll concentrate on the events that actually fall this month. We start with a show that I always look forward to and I’ll be there again this year. The East Riding of Yorkshire Model Show has a unique character perhaps in part due to the venue, which is the Rix Pavilion on the Driffield Showground, YO25 9DN, and also because it is organised by IPMS Bridlington & The Wolds Branch, which also includes some unique characters... In addition to the trade, club and SIG stands there will be on-site refreshments, acres of free parking and a friendly Yorkshire welcome! The show takes place on Sunday 3rd, with doors opening at 9.30am and further details may be had from Branch Secretary Neil Robinson on 01964 769359 or via [email protected] In 2017, the Driffield show has a couple of other events competing for our attention on the same day. The IPMS Chiltern Show will be held at The Weatherley Centre in Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, SG18 8JH from 10.00am to 4.30pm and incorporates Bedfordshire MAFVA. Barry Wood is the man to contact for more information and his email address is [email protected] Meanwhile over in the West Midlands, the doors to the IPMS ASVC Wombourne Show will also open at 10.00am. This long established event provides three halls full of club and trade stands, plus the

SCALE COMMUNIT Y usual competition and refreshments. Martyn Crowther is the organiser and he can be contacted via [email protected] The venue for this event is The Community Centre, Church Road, Wombourne, Wolverhampton, WV5 9EZ. Jumping forward to the following weekend, the South West Cornwall IPMS Show takes place on Saturday 9th at the Penhaligon Building, Cornwall College, Redruth, TR15 3RD. The show opens to the public at 10.00am and if you email organiser Len Newman at [email protected] you should be able to obtain more details. The group also has a Facebook page at www.facebook.com/CornishScaleModellers/ The following day sees another Midlands show as Sutton Coldfield Model Spectacular 2017 is held at Shire Oak Academy in Walsall Wood, Walsall, WS8 7AQ from 10.00am to 4.30pm and Mark Knight is the organiser. Email him on [email protected] for more info. Traders please contact Andy Keane on [email protected] Another week on and we have quite a busy weekend of model shows. The IPMS

Farnborough Modelfest 2017 takes place at the usual venue Kings International College in Camberley, GU15 2PQ from 10.00am on Saturday 16th. The club has a website at www.ipms-farnborough.co.uk and further information can also be obtained from [email protected] although the organiser is apparently Tony Andrews. This is a firmly established event raising funds in support of the Phyllis Tuckwell Hospice in Farnham. Also supporting local charities, IPMS Fenland & Spalding presents Wings & Things 2017 on Sunday 17th at University Academy Holbeach, Park Road, Holbeach, Lincolnshire, PE12 7PU. Please contact Iain Braid on [email protected] if you would like to find out more and the club also has a website at fenlandandspalding.wixsite.com/ipms Taking up both days of the same weekend is Euro Miniature Expo 2017 at the Leas Cliff Hall in Folkestone, Kent, CT20 2DZ. I don’t have much detail on this one but luckily enough the show has a website at eurominiatureexpo.com and you may also contact the organisers via

[email protected] The last day of September is Saturday 30th and this is the date for the IPMS Abingdon Model Show at Larkmead School, Abingdon, OX14 1BB. The Branch is indicating that there will be a dozen trade stands as well as fourteen club displays and the competition this year, plus the all important burger van! Doors open at 10.00am and you can contact organiser Simon Fisher by phone on 01993 774034 or via email [email protected] That’ll do for now, and don’t forget that all of these events are listed on the IPMS (UK) website where you may find more details. Until next time, enjoy your modelling.

Chris ipmsuk.org Membership enquiries: Cliff Bassett, West Barn, Duken Lane, Wootton, Bridgnorth, Shropshire WV15 6EA Email: [email protected] or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join online.

IPMS Germany The First Serial Aeroplane

B

y happy coincidence the fiftieth anniversary of IPMS Germany also coincided with the one hundred and twenty fifth anniversary of the 1894 flight of Otto Lilienthal’s Segelapparat No.11 glider, and as a memorial to these great achievements IPMS Germany commissioned Aero Modell to produce a limited run model of the Segelapparat No.11 in 1/72. The kit itself is formed of a single etched fret coupled with a small section of hilltop and a figure of Otto himself preparing to launch the aircraft from the hill. Both Otto and the hill are formed of white metal, which forms a suitably weighty base for the glider to sit on. The A5 sized instruction leaflet is a colour document with a number of useful period reference photographs with captions in German describing the various

By Colin Pickett

scenes. As the kit is etched it is intended to be a representation of the Segelapparat No.11 rather than a perfect replica, and as such the actual frame is intended to be left uncovered, although I’m sure a more determined soul than myself would see fit to use a thin plastic or other material to form the cotton covering on the original. I settled for a more contemporary approach and painted the frame black, before applying a coat of Vallejo Metalcolor chrome. Once removed from the fret with a sharp scalpel and bent to the required shape the glider frame itself simply slots together although I reinforced the joints by running some thin cyanoacrylate adhesive into the joints to be sure. I couldn’t resist the challenge of rigging the Segelapparat No.11 so set to with a

reel of Ushi Van Der Rosen’s wonderful Rig that Thing thread, using the reference pictures provided as a guide as to the locations of the numerous rigging cables, which were fixed in place using a sharpened cocktail stick with a tiny drop of cyanoacrylate adhesive on the point. Not the easiest task in the modelling world but I feel it adds to the fragility of the glider and was worth the effort. Otto and the hilltop were painted matt black before being dry brushed with some silver acrylic paint to bring out the detail. I sourced a small oak base from my limited supply and mounted the hill, Otto and the glider on this, alongside the brass plaque found on the etch fret. The text on the plaque was highlighted by first painting the plaque enamel black before sanding with increasingly

fine abrasives to provide a polished surface with the black paint left in the recesses of the text. Finally a coat of gloss enamel varnish sealed the plaque. If you have a fear of using etched brass then you may pass this delightful modelling project by, however with a little effort and planning this is a simple and worthwhile celebration of Otto Lilienthal’s first flight in his Segelapparat No.11 glider, the first aeroplane to enter into serial production in the history of aviation as until that point all previous flying machines had been one-off creations of an inventors fevered mind. And of course hearty congratulations to IPMS Germany, albeit belatedly, but this kit was not built in a weekend... www.ipmsdeutschland.de

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

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M A R K E T P L AC E K I T S

New Kits RouNd up Arma Hobby 70005 1/72 PZL P.7a Deluxe Set Arma Hobby 73006 1/72 PZL P.8 Hannants/Sprue Brothers

iCM 32001 1/32 Polikarpov I-16 Type 24 iCM 72306 1/72 Dornier Do-215B-5 Dragon USA/Hannants italeri 1392 1/72 Grumman A-6E Intruder USN/USMC italeri 2748 1/48 Boeing AH-64D Apache Longbow The Hobby Company/MRC JBr decals 744002 1/144 Zlin Z-50LS Foreign Users

AMG 48606 1/48 Hawker Sea Fury T.20 Royal Navy AMG 48614 1/48 Hawker Sea Fury T.20 Burma

JBr decals 744003 1/144 Zlin Z-50LS Czechoslovak Users JBr decals 744004 1/144 Zlin Z-50LS The Devils of Unimax

Hannants/Stevens International

JBr decals 744005 1/144 Zlin Z-50LS Grupa Zelazny

A Model 72149 1/72 Mil Mi-22

Hannants

Hannants/Sprue Brothers AVi Models 72002 1/72 Mitsubishi A5M3a Claude Prototype Hannants Airfix 05134 1/48Hawker Sea Hurricane Mk IB Hannants/Sprue Brothers Big planes Kits 14405 1/144 Canadair Challenger CC-144/ CE-144 Hannants/Sprue Brothers Brengun 144005 1/144 Heinkel He-162D Volksjaeger Brengun 48002 1/48Yokosuka MXY7 OHKA Model 22 Brengun 72024 1/72 Letov S-16 Luftwaffe/Slovak

Gaspatch Models 48095 1/48Henschel Hs-123A-1 Gaspatch Models 48096 1/48Henschel Hs-123B-1 Hannants/Sprue Brothers

welsh Models sL384R 1/144 Bristol Super Freighter Midland Air Cargo

Hannants/Steven International

Hannants

ozMods 14418 1/144 Bristol Freighter Mk 31 SAFE Air and British United

wingnut wings 32701 1/32 Albatros D.V/D.Va Jasta 5

ozMods 14419 1/144 Bristol Freighter Mk 31 RAF and RNZAF

Zvezda 7228 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-27

Hannants/Sprue Brothers

Zvezda 7244 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-31B

Hannants

The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

Revell 04956 1/72 Bell AH-1G CobraI

uK iMpoRteRs

Kora 72035 1/72 Curtiss-Wright CW-19R Cuban & Ecuadorian

www.revell.de/en

Kora 72036 1/72 Curtiss-Wright CW-19R Bolivian & Dominican Kora 72037 1/72 Curtiss-Wright CW-19R Chinese Air Force

Kora 72039 1/72 Fw 44J Stieglitz Finnish Service Kora 72040 1/72 FW CVV & ASJA Sk 12 Swedish Trainer

Kora 72044 1/72 Curtiss-Wright CW-22/CW-22B Falcon Captured Japanese Kora 72045 1/72 Focke-Wulf Fw44D/Fw-44F Swiss and Danish

Hannants: 01502 517444 special Hobby 32004 1/32 Brewster B-239 Buffalo special Hobby 32070 1/32 Hawker Tempest Mk V Hi-Tech 2 special Hobby 48171 1/48 Aero L39C Albatros special Hobby 72330 1/72 Letov S.328V Float plane Version

dragon usA: www.dragonmodelsusa.com 626-968-0322

Hannants/Squadron

smer 72927 1/72 Sukhoi Su-25K Frogfoot-A

Kora 72049 1/72 Fw 44D/Fw-44F Liaison and Courier Service

smer 72928 1/72 Sukhoi Su-7BMK Fitter-A

Kora 72050 1/72 Fw 44D/Fw-44F German School Service

Hannants/Stevens International

Hannants/Steven International MARK i Models 14468 1/144 Vampire FB.5/FB.52 Commonwealth Service

72 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

ultimate Modelling products: wingnut wings: www.wingnutwings.com

special Hobby 72368 1/72 Fairey Fulmar Mk II/NF Mk II

Kora 72048 1/72 Fw 44D/Fw-44F Germany Late Ski Type

Mach 2 Gp085 1/72 Gates Learjet 35A NASA

Amerang: www.amerang.co.uk 01482 887917

us iMpoRteRs

smer 72900 1/72 Ilyushin Il-10 Mod.1947 Beast Avia B-33

Mach 2 Gp084 1/72 Gates Learjet 35A Argentina Air Force

Creative Models: www.creativemodels.co.uk 01354 760022

special Hobby 72350 1/72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver The Final Version

Kora 72047 1/72 Fw 44D/Fw-44F Germany Early Ski Type

Mach 2 Gp083 1/72 Avro York French De Gaulle and Aéronavale

pocketbond: www.pocketbond.co.uk 01707 391509 the Hobby Company: www.hobbyco.net 01908 605686

Kora 72038 1/72 Fw-44J Stieglitz Brazilian Navy/Air Force

Hannants/UMM-USA

Gaspatch Models 48003 1/48Salmson 2A2 Otsu-1

Meng Model Ls-007 1/48Lockheed F-35A Lightning II

Hannants/Sprue Brothers

Kora 72043 1/72 Curtiss-Wright CW-22 Falcon Netherlands in East India

Gaspatch Models 48002 1/48Salmson 2A2 Mid Type

welsh Models sL382R 1/144 Vickers Viking 1B Maitland Drewery

Zvezda 7309 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT

Hannants

Gaspatch Models 48001 1/48Salmson 2A2 Late Type

Hannants/Stevens International

Hannants/UMM-USA

ozMods 7204 1/72 Pilatus PC-9

Kora 72042 1/72 Curtiss-Wright SNC-I Falcon Late

Hannants/Squadron

Micro-Mir 144-018 1/144 Dassault Falcon 10/100 OE-GSC

Valom 72119 1/72 McDonnell F101A/RF-101C European mission

Kitty Hawk Model 80154 1/48Bell UH-1D Huey

Avis 72016 1/72 RFB Fantrainer 600

Frrom-Azur 034 1/72 Gamma 2E Bomber

Hannants/UMM-USA

Valom 72118 1/72 Handley-Page Harrow Mk II 24 Maintenance Unit

ozMods 14420 1/144 Bristol Freighter Mk 21 Silver City and RAAF

Kora 72041 1/72 Curtiss-Wright SNC-I Falcon Early

The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

MARK i Models 14470 1/144 Vampire FB.5/FB.52/J 28B In the North

MiG-31 Foxhound Pocketbond/Stevens International

Kitty Hawk Model 80142 1/48Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker-E

Hannants/UMM-USA

dragon 5511 1/48 Horton Ho-229B Nightfighter/Nachtjager

MARK i Models 14469 1/144 Vampire FB.5/FB.51/FB.52A/Mk 6 Europe & North Africa

sword 72104 1/72 Fiat G.55 sword 72105 1/72 Lockheed RF80A Over Korea sword 72106 1/72 Lockheed P80A/B 5

Linden Hill imports: www.lindenhillimports.com 914734-9616 MRC: www.modelrectifier.com 732-225-2100 Rare-plane detective: www.rareplanedetective.com 702-564-2851 sprue Brothers: www.spruebrothers.com 816-759-8484

Hannants/Stevens International

squadron: www.squadron.com 877-414-0434

techmod 41102 1/48 Friedrichshafen FF-33E float plane in Polish Service

stevens international: www.stevenshobby.com 856-435-7645

Hannants/Sprue Brothers

uMM-usA: www.umm-usa.com 847-537-0867

trumpeter 01679 1/72 Mikoyan

m A r k E t p l Ac E

Air-GrAphics We have received the first two decal sets from Air-Graphics for review and it’s quite a fanfare. Modellers remembering Model Alliance will have some idea what to expect, and this current venture will not disappoint. The sheets themselves are printed by Cartograph and are not only beautifully designed but packed with detail. This is matched by the instructions, which are in the form of an A5 booklet, with eight colour pages of decal placement instructions and reference images in the case of the Victor sheet and twelve pages for the Enduring Freedom sheet. The booklets are nicely produced and the pages are stapled.

Squadron, Honnington, 1960 • Victor B.Mk 1 XH591, 15 Squadron, Cottesmore, May 1962 • Victor B.Mk 1 XH650, 55 Squadron, Honnington, July 1962 • Victor B.Mk 1 XH938, 10 Squadron, Cottesmore, April 1958 • Victor B.Mk 2 XH715, 100 Squadron, Wittering, April 1963 • Victor B.Mk 1A XH621, 57 Squadron, Honnington, August 1961

• Tornado IDS MM55007,102 Gruppo/6 Stormo, Aeronautica Militar, Mazar-e-Sharif, 2009

• Victor B.Mk 1 XH930, 15 Squadron, Cottemore, April 1958

• AV-8B Harrier II Plus, MM, S7224, Marine Militare, on board Giuseppe Garibaldi, North Arabian Sea, 2002

• Victor B.Mk 1 XH938, 10 Squadron, Cottesmore, April 1961 • Victor B.Mk 2 XH231, 139 Squadron, Wittering, August 1962

72001Handley Page Victor B.1, B.1A & B.2

• Victor B.Mk 1 XH926, 57 Squadron, Honnington, November 1964

EduArd LQuite a selection from Eduard this month, with some quick off the mark etch for the Airfix 1/72 Me 262 and an interesting set of generic Luftwaffe cowling fasteners that will add some exquisite detail to models with engines on display. Wingnut Wings’ Camel gets the treatment too, and the Brassin range continues to expand with more weapons, wheels, cockpits and assorted useful items:

• Boeing CH-147D Chinook 147202/202 The Magic Bus, Canadian Aviation Wing, Kandahar, 2009 • Boeing CH-147D Chinook 147201/201 Miss Behavin’, Canadian Aviation Wing, Kandahar, 2009

Both sets offer a wide range of choices and are produced to a very high standard:

• Victor B.Mk 1 XH645, 57

72002 Operation Enduring Freedom War on Terrorism Coalition Air Power Over Afghanistan Part One

• AV-8B Harrier II Plus, 165421, VM214 Blacksheep, Kandahar, May to November 2009 • AV-8B Harrier II Plus, 165572, VM-211 Wake Island Avengers, Camp Bastion, October 2012

213 Blacklions, USS Carl Vinson, North Arabian Sea, October to December 2001 • F-14D Tomcat Bu.No 164603, VF213 Blacklions, USS Carl Vinson, North Arabian Sea, October to December 2001 • A-10C Thunderbolt II 79-0145, 107th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron, 451st Air Expeditionary Wing, Bagram, 2011 • F-15E Strike Eagle 89-0487, 335 Fighter Squadron, 4 Fighter Wing, 4 Operations Group, Bagram, 2011 • Eurocopter Tigre HAP ET.703, 1 Attack Helicopter Battalion, Ejercito de Terra, Herat, 2013 • Lynx AH.7 XZ645, 672 Squadron AAC, Kandahar 2006-2007

• F-14D Tomcat Bu.No 164348, VF-

These sheets can be obtained from the Air-Graphics Ebay shop and from www.facebook.com/ airgraphicmodels

648327 07/2017 Brassin German Submarine 8.8cm gun for Trumpeter kit

Wingnut Wings kit

Eduard kit

33170 Sopwith F.1 Camel seatbelts STEEL for Wingnut Wings kit

FE845 Luftwaffe cowling fasteners

648328 He 219 wheels for Tamiya kit

33171 Luftwaffe rudder pedals

FE846 Seatbelts Soviet Union World War II fighters STEEL

JX202 Sopwith F.1 Camel masks for Wingnut Wings kit

EX556 Yak-28P masks for Bobcat Models kit

1/48

1/72

48927 Yak-28P exterior for Bobcat Models kit

73600 Me 262A-1a for Airfix kit

49841 Yak-28P interior for Bobcat Models kit

SS601 Spitfire Mk VIII ZOOM for Eduard Weekend kit

49847 Super Seasprite cargo interior for Kitty Hawk kit

SS602 Seatbelts Soviet Union World War II fighters STEEL

648329 Bf 109F seat early for Eduard kit 648330 Bf 109F cockpit w/early seat for Eduard kit 648331 Luftwaffe FuG 16 antennas 648332 Bf 109F/G Pitot tubes 1/72

EduArd BrAssin

672154 Spitfire Mk VIII gun bays for Eduard kit

1/32

672159 Me 262 wheels for Airfix kit

FE841 Yak-28P seatbelts STEEL for Bobcat Models kit

632098 Mk.82 bomb w/ Mk 15 Snake-eye Fins

1/32

FE842 Yak-28P

1/48

32406 P-40N upgrade set for Eduard kit

FE843 SE.5a seatbelts early STEEL for Eduard kit

648323 Matra R-550 Magic 2

32911 Sopwith F.1 Camel for

FE844 Bf 109F-4 Weekend for

74 w w w. s c A l E A i r c r A f t m o d E l l i n G . co. u k

SS600 Me 262A-1a for Airfix kit

SS603 Luftwaffe cowling fasteners CX486 Me 262A-1a for Airfix kit CX487 Avia Bk.534 masks for Eduard kit Creative Models/Hannants/ Squadron/Sprue Brothers

M A R K E T P L AC E

SCALE AIRCRAFT CONVERSIONS Another timely bundle of releases from Scale Aircraft Conversions designed for a number of the most recently released kits new to the market. Known mostly for their landing gear sets SAC do occasionally branch out to include other items in their range as with this new Bristol Sycamore set, which includes a replacement white metal rotor head as well as the usual legs. As to be expected, each of the sets are very well cast offering up a stronger alternative for those looking for some added weight and stability to their models. All parts are direct replacements for the plastic kit parts and require no additional surgery by the modeller in order to fit.

PEREGRINE PUBLISHING F7F Tigercat Aircraft Walk Around CD Detailed Photo Essay on CD By Steve Muth Published by Peregrine Publishing, this CD on the F7F Tigercat features fifty eight detailed colour photographs aimed at the scale modeller and aero enthusiast. Published in word and JPEG

32122 1/32 Yakovlev Yak-3 Landing Gear (Special Hobby) 32123 1/32 Rumpler C.IV Landing Gear (Wingnut Wings) 48331 1/48 Su-27 Flanker B Landing Gear (HobbyBoss) 48332 1/48 Su-30MKK Flanker G Landing Gear (HobbyBoss) 72142 1/72 MiG-29 Fulcrum Landing Gear (Trumpeter) 72143 1/72 Bristol Sycamore Landing Gear and Rotor Head (S&M Models) The full Scale Aircraft Conversions range can be obtained in the UK from Hannants. www.hannants.co.uk format for near universal access and simplicity, the author presents clear detail photographs of the cockpit, landing gear, wheel wells, exhausts, wing fold and other details of interest. This CD follows on from the acclaimed twelve page booklets and other previously published CDs. The photographs were taken of the F7F at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at Pensacola, Florida and at the Planes of Fame in Chino, California. It will make an excellent reference for the any of the F7F kits now on the market and is just the thing for all those details you like to add. The National Museum of Naval Aviation machine is externally restored but with unrestored cockpit and landing gear wells while the Planes of Fame aircraft does not

This is a new name to us, but one I hope we will be hearing more of. Civilized Models describe themselves as specializing in Air Racers, Civil and Civiltary Aviation modelling, and perhaps the best way to introduce readers is to let them tell you in their own words how this very unique company came about. Gary McRorey has been building custom models for the Warbird and Racing communities for ten years and delved into the subject of full resin customized kits last year:

back to it even after taking little breaks now and then to do the life thing... but I enjoy life a lot more from behind my work bench. I think it has always made me feel closer to my dad or maybe even a way for me to keep him close in my memories. He was killed in a plane crash when I was twenty one. I'm sorry he is gone but he went the way he wanted, I'm sure. Well I was always frustrated by the fact that I couldn't build or find models that I wanted to build so I started making parts and doing my own scratch built parts and conversions. That was all good but what about markings... and so on and on this went till I had enough.

‘Well this really all got started a very, very long time ago. Pops was building an airplane in our kitchen yes I said kitchen! Condos didn't have garages back then and he was determined to build that airplane. I was four and wanted to help, but really was just in the way. So dad decided that I should build my own airplane, and forty four years later I'm still building. I love building and have always come

So over the years I have learned how to do all the things I needed to so I could build what I wanted. I grew up in the seventies and eighties around airports full of ex military aircraft with civilian paint schemes and sport planes, homebuilts and civil aviation. Never saw a P-51 in military paint till the Warbird movement really went that way. So that's what I know and love.

CIVILIZED MODELS

appear to have been restored at all. The photographs were taken with the cooperation of the National Museum of Naval Aviation Museum staff, thus assuring adequate access to the cockpit and other details. The Planes of Fame aircraft was out in a back lot suffering from neglect. Priced at an affordable $12.00 each including postage. For foreign orders add $12.00 for postage. These CDs may be ordered from Steve Muth, Peregrine Publishing, 70 The Promenade, Glen Head, NY 11545, USA, by telephone at (516)759-1089, by fax at (516)759-1034 or email at [email protected] Payment by cheque on a US bank in dollars, Pay Pal or Postal money order.

I kind of started Civilized about six years ago, mostly selling built ups on Ebay. Mostly because I needed to survive. I got deathly ill followed by a motorcycle accident that changed my life, so I started building and selling and that led to where I am now. So I hope you enjoy what goes on here, and enjoy the model kits and decals I'm making. Please remember I am a one man shop and I do it all, from masters, rubber, resin, vacforming, artwork, decals, box art, instructions, packaging, shipping and everything in between... Thanks for your time and continued support.’ A look at the website reveals some jaw dropping projects underway, and we can only recommend fans of racing aircraft in particular to check it out. We hope to present some of their models here soon and the initial selection of kits will be followed up later this year or early next year with an expanded range outlined on the website. www.civilizedmodels.com https://www.facebook.com/mwarbirds/

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

75

M A R K E T P L AC E WARPAINT NO.111 Vought OS2U Kingfisher By Kev Darling Illustrated by Richard J. Caruana Price £14.50 As the mighty battle wagon ploughed through the waters of the Pacific few would have noticed the little aircraft perched on the ship’s stern. To many it was old, slow and ugly while to others it was veritable life saver. The name of this unsung hero was the Vought OS2U Kingfisher. Designed initially for gunnery spotting duties the Kingfisher was lightly armed

RODEN FWD Model B 3-Ton Ammunition Truck By Huw Morgan Scale: 1/72 Kit number: 736 Manufacturer: Roden Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Pocketbond/Squadron Roden's first release of the FWD Model B represents the style used by the US Army to transport artillery ammunition, having a strengthened steel truck body. Two marking options are offered for an overall Olive Drab vehicle from the Western Front in 1918, and a black/grey/sand/olive camouflaged version from 1919. The kit is made up of seventy plastic parts on three sprues, with only a few not for use. There are no decals and colour call outs are only for Vallejo paints. The moulding is reasonable, but many of the parts had fine flash which needs to be cleaned up. Construction starts with the chassis and running gear and we immediately run into some issues with the instructions. After much head scratching I came to the

TWO BOBS Three new sheets from Two Bobs offer new options for US subjects: 48-253 1/48 TF-15A Bicentennial Eagles In1976 McDonnell Douglas attended multiple air shows on their world tour as they marketed and tried to attract multiple international partners for their F-15 program. During this air show season, the aircraft was painted in this striking bicentennial scheme to commemorate the 200th birthday of the United States of America. During UK, Canadian and Australian tours, the aircraft had minor tweaks done to the scheme and all three versions are represented on this

defensively although once America entered the war it soon found itself toting depth charges. Manned by a crew of two that consisted of a pilot and the guy in back who did everything else, the little spotter aircraft soon earned itself a solid reputation. It was the rescue mission at Truk that made the aircraft famous. After a heavy raid upon Truk the crew spotted their own airmen struggling in the water. Setting down, the little Kingfisher soon found itself festooned in rescued aircrew. The little engine managed to drag the overweight machine to a conclusion that the front and rear axles and left and right front springs are shown with the reverse part numbers, so the front axle should be part 5A not 34A, and the left spring should be 11A not 23A, 23A being the right spring. These minor issues notwithstanding, the chassis builds up into an intricate and detailed sub assembly but patience is the watchword since the locations for some parts need some figuring out, and clean-up of mould seams on some of the smaller parts is tricky. I left the wheels off at this stage to ease painting. Next up is the detailing of the truck body sides with pioneer tools, and constructing the radiator assembly and cylindrical fuel tank. Moulding limitations means that the mounting straps on the latter are rather clunky so I sanded the tank to a smooth cylinder and added straps from lead foil. Assembling the driver's seat and controls is straightforward although I replaced the steering column with plastic rod to avoid having to clean up the kit part. With the four truck body sides glued to the load bed, the

decal sheet. Enough decals are included for one complete aircraft. Recommended Kits: • Hasegawa F-15B/D • Great Models F-15B/D • Academy F-15B/D 48-257 1/48 F/A-18C F/A-18F Demo Hornets Two US Navy Demonstration Team demo Hornets are represented on this sheet. These aircraft are often seen during the air show season throughout the US highlighting the capabilities of the aircraft during their aerial demonstrations. The F/A-18C is with the VFA-106 Gladiators but painted in a retro scheme reminiscent of VFA-15. This aircraft has the names of all the

76 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

meeting with a submarine where all were rescued, the slowly sinking aircraft being sunk. The rescue efforts of the Pacific Kingfishers plus those of the Martin Mariner (also in this series) formed the basis of the air sea rescue concept in use today. Outside of the US Navy the OS2U was flown by the USCG, USMC, the Fleet Air Arm, various Latin American countries, the RAAF who took it to the Antarctic, plus the Russian Navy. Fortunately a handful survive in preservation in Australia and the United States. guidelinepublications.co.uk

major sub assemblies are complete. Roden provide a moulded tarpaulin to cover the load area, which could be left off, although it looks a bit empty. Wanting something a bit different, I made up a new tarpaulin from lead foil, shaping it over the kit's plastic part, folding one edge back and added a brass wire support hoop. I'd decided early on that I didn't want yet another Olive Drab vehicle, settling on the four colour camouflage scheme as something distinctly different. Since reliable masking would be impossible at this scale, it would need to be hand painted. Halfords automotive primer formed the base, over which I sprayed an overall Olive Drab using Tamiya XF-62. The camouflage bands used a mixture of Vallejo and Tamiya colours, and I

former commanders of this historic squadron as well as a Don't Tread on Me flag on the speed brake. The F/A-18E Super Hornet is from VFA-122 and is painted with 6 Kuss on the tops of the wings in commemoration of Captain Jeff Kuss who lost his life in 2015 while a member of the Blue Angels. Enough markings are included for two complete aircraft. Recommended Kits: • Hasegawa F/A-18C Hornet • Kinetic F/A-18C Hornet • Revell F/A-18F Super Hornet • Hasegawa F/A-18F Super Hornet 48-258 1/48 F-5N Modern Day Adversaries The US Navy Adversary community

added the distinctive black demarcation lines using a fine permanent marker pen. With the paint dry the whole model was given several thin coats of Tamiya X-22 clear gloss and a simple burnt sienna oil wash spotted into the raised detail and dragged down the sides of the body. Tamiya XF-86 clear matt toned down the shininess, followed by light dry brushing with pale grey and a few smears of pastel dust. Roden are known for bringing us unusual subjects in 1/72 vehicles, and are to be commended for adding this important type. This is a neat kit, which rewards a patient approach to the build. Its intricacy may appear daunting, but shouldn't be off-putting. www.roden.eu

is constantly updating their paint schemes to keep up with the times as potential threats continue to update their indigenous country paint schemes on their modern fighters. Three new paint schemes from both VFC-13 and VFC-111 make up this release! PAK-FA is the latest from VFC-111 while both Rotten Banana and Batmobile are the latest and greatest from VFC-13. Also included in the sheet are inert missile markings that are unique to these US Navy squadrons. Enough decals are included for three complete aircraft. Recommended Kits: • AFV Club F-5N

S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C

The Squall that Never Was

Kit No: AA 2026 Scale: 1/72 Type: Resin Manufacturer: Italeri Hannants/RareplaneDetective

Kit No: WPX72026V Scale: 1/72 Type: Vacform and white metal Manufacturer: Whirlybird Models www.whirlybirdmodels.com

T

he Rockwell XFV-12 was the product of a bold idea in the late 1970s to create a supersonic vertical take-off and landing fighter. The catalyst for the study was a belief that the days of the large aircraft carrier were not sustainable on cost grounds. As an alternative the idea of a Sea Control Ship was developed. This was essentially a modernization of the small World War II escort carrier concept. The US Navy trialled the idea by refitting several World War II Essex Class carriers to carry an air group of mainly helicopters and

By Trevor Pask about half a dozen A4 Skyhawks as fighters. The concept seemed to work but to make any new carriers affordable they needed to be designed without catapults. That ruled out the Skyhawk. The British Harrier was only considered as an interim type, being a lightweight ground attack aircraft, and so the Rockwell XFV-12 was conceived. The prototype was constructed in 1977 and utilised a nose from a Skyhawk and the air intakes of a Phantom. The basic concept behind the aircraft was the thrust augmented wing. This involved mounting a very large engine in a small airframe. For vertical flight, the rear engine exhaust was closed and the gases redirected through ducts to ejector nozzles in the wings and canards. To balance the aircraft, extremely large canards were fitted, which in effect made the aircraft a tandem wing design. Such a design restricted weapons carriage to the fuselage. Production aircraft however were intended to have additional weapons hard points on the outside of the wing mounted vertical stabilisers. Unfortunately the aircraft did not work as expected. Tethered hover tests were conducted in 1978, which demonstrated that while the concept was sound, the process of redirecting the thrust resulted in too much energy being lost with 30,000lbs of thrust not being able to lift a 20,000lb aircraft. In its very early days the Harrier had similar problems, but with more mature second generation Harriers likely to be available and more money available for large conventional carriers once President Regan was elected in 1980, the project was cancelled in 1981. The idea of the Sea Control Ship did not end however, with the small carriers built in the 1980s and

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1990s for the Spanish and Italian Navies being the adaptations of this concept. The Wasp Class amphibious assault ships, which are still in service with the US Navy, are also heavily influenced by the Sea Control ship design. These ships operate the Harrier and have just embarked the F35A, but what if the XFV-12A had been made to work? The provisional name for the aircraft was the Squall, and a high performance fighter capable of flying from small decks would have become something of a Cold War classic.

Modelling the XFV-12A Two kits of the XFV-12A have been produced in 1/72. The first was a vacform produced by Maintrack models in their Project X series in the late early 1990s. This kit in a modified form is still available from Whirlybird Models, although unlike some of the old Maintrack kits in Whirlybird’s catalogue, the changes have not extended to any resin components to make the construction a little easier. The other kit is a completely resin model from Anigrand. This latter kit demands a lot of careful attention during construction, but is more detailed than its vacform counterpart. Elements from both kits were used in this project, which is a story in itself. The Whirlybird was originally started and was well along the way, when it was dropped on to a concrete floor on one of its trips outside the house to receive a coat of Halfords plastic primer. This dislodged two of the internal bulkheads and as result the model had no strength and had to be abandoned. Rather than completely abandon the project, and not being able to face the preparations involved in starting

another vacform, the Anigrand resin kit was obtained. This kit was easier to build and more solid than the vacform, but some of the white metal parts that came with the vacform, such as the undercarriage and cockpit interior, were more detailed and stronger than the resin equivalents. The end result therefore was a composite of the two kits. The Anigrand kit is beautifully cast in cream coloured resin and the main airframe assembles quickly and neatly. Some flash is evident on the major castings but is easily trimmed off. The nature of a resin kit however is that there are no location pins, and some care and a lot of test fitting is required before any of the major parts are joined. Fortunately the fuselage halves did not suffer from shrinkage or distortion, so a neat join was straightforward to accomplish without too much work. Alternative parts are included to depict the aircraft in level or vertical flight mode. This results in some careful fitting and trimming around the wings. The twin vertical fins fit approximately onto the wings, but again the task can be minimised with careful preparation and trimming before the parts are joined. This is more important in a resin than a vacform kit because a typical model filler is harder than the resin material it is applied to. In an injection moulded kit, the opposite is generally true. The difference may seem to be academic, but sanding back filler on a resin kit must be done very carefully in order not to damage the base material of the kit. Resin kits are also heavy and often the undercarriage parts that come with the kit can be too flimsy to support the finished model. The Squall looked as though it may suffer from that fault, so the

S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C stronger white metal undercarriage components from the Maintrack/Whirlybird kit were used. These were slightly less detailed than the resin Anigrand items, but were stronger and supported the model more robustly. The white metal seat from the vacform was also used, as were two Sparrow missiles from an Italeri F-18 kit, which were neater than the Anigrand resin items. Both Maintrack/Whirlybird and Anigrand provide decals for the prototype aircraft as it appeared in the late 1970s. Had the aircraft entered service, it is likely to have worn a similar two tone grey scheme to that adopted by US Navy aircraft from the early 1980s as opposed to the classic white and light grey scheme. Had the aircraft been exported, it more likely than not would have worn a similar scheme to the aircraft it replaced. With that thought in mind, I looked through my decal spares box and decided upon a sheet covering a low-vis French Navy F-8 Crusader. These markings came with an old Esci kit, which had been built years

ago. It did not seem implausible that the French could have replaced the F-8 and their older carriers with the smaller ship, which would have required a VSTOL capable aircraft. The main airframe was painted in Dark Sea Grey and then dry brushed with lighter shades to simulate the fading that was often seen on naval aircraft of this period. A coat of Klear prepared the model for the decals, which despite the age of the sheet came off the backing sheet easily and adhered to the model well. Positioning of the decals was of course imaginary, with guidance being provided by the appearance of French naval aircraft of the period. The bright yellow Day-Glo panels came from a solid block Micro Scale sheet and were added to the model to represent the sort of hi-vis marking that might have been applied to a training aircraft or during sea trials. The nose art was from a World War II P-51 Mustang sheet, but did not look out of place. The stencils were mainly from an old Heller Mirage kit so as to get the language detail

more correct than not. Final detail painting completed the model. The wheel wells and the undercarriage were hand painted in satin white followed by a wash of mid grey to create a sense of depth. The edges of the undercarriage doors were painted red and the jet exhaust in gunmetal dry brushed with matt aluminium. A little staining from some dust sanded from the tip of a charcoal pencil was applied with a cotton bud in some recesses and panel lines to create a sense of weathering and depth. As this material was unstable, a mixture of matt and satin varnish was finally airbrushed over the model to seal it in and to give the decals the same sheen as the main airframe.

Summary An interesting project. Resin kits took over from vacforms as number of years ago as the medium for esoteric subjects. They are generally more detailed than their vacform antecedents and easier to build. With the proliferation of

limited run injection moulding a kit in that medium would not surprise, but advances in 3D printing are likely in my opinion to take over from both resin and limited run kits in the future. When 3D printers become cheap household items, limited run kits could be bought as a file of information on line with the modeller printing out the components at home if and when they are required. Mainstream kits could even go the same way, but this is speculation and possibly worth a short article in its own right. For the moment resin kits allow the modeller to create unique and esoteric subjects and any one seriously into the hobby should try one from time to time. My only regret is that the Squall did not work in practice as it did on paper. The reasons for this may have been fundamental, but were probably as much to do with the money for easier alternatives being available. The Harrier and F-35 demonstrate clearly that VSTOL aircraft need a lot of development, which was not given to the

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BOOKREVIEWS

A look at some of the latest publications received for review Edited by Ernie Lee Axis Aircraft in Latin America Author: Amaru Tincopa & Santiago Rivas Publisher: Crecy Publishing Ltd ISBN: 978 19021 094 97 Format: Hardback, 368 pages This is a another gem published under the Hikoki label. It is a wellknown fact that Germany and Italy exported aircraft to Latin America and what makes this book even more interesting is the fact that many types were obsolete in their original country by World War II. However some of these have been produced in kit form, which I am sure will give the more adventurous modeller food for thought. The book is set out by country, in alphabetical order. For example take Argentina. Both civil and military machines are covered and these include the Junkers F13, Junkers K43, Junkers W34, Junkers Ju 52, Focke-Wulf Fw 44J, Fock-Wulf Fw 58, Fiat G.46, Fiat G 55, G 59, Dornier Wal, SovoiaMarchetti S.59 and Macchi MC 59. Apart from the text there is an excellent collection of photographs and a number of colour profiles. Some of these are unique subjects for modellers, among them a Ju 52 equipped with a spraying system for treating locusts. And so it goes on, with twelve chapters, each one dealing with a different country. Of course being Hikoki they do not just leave it at that, we get chapters on Axis Airlines in South America and surviving Axis aircraft and to top it all there is a fifty seven page appendix listing individual aircraft histories. This is a cracker of a book for anyone with an interest in this subject. And at a very reasonable price I might add. Highly recommended. www.crecy.co.uk

Ernie Lee Japanese Aero-Engines 1910-1945 Authors: Mike Goodwin & Peter Starkings Publisher: Mushroom Model Publications ISBN: 978 83652 813 26 Format: Hardback 216 pages It is said that everyone has at least one novel in them, but sadly this does not include reference

books. However there are many people obsessed with one subject or another and in many cases it lasts a lifetime, and if the subject is of interest to us lesser mortals, then we have a winner. To get all this information must have been extremely difficult. The Allies did not set foot onto the Japanese mainland until after the surrender, giving them ample time to destroy any evidence that we might find useful. Looking through the bibliography made my eyes water, but the list of Japanese terms and translations was fascinating. However what have we got? The first chapter covers the early years of which I admit I am completely ignorant. This is followed by one covering aero engine designation systems, complete with masses of tables. Again a complete mystery to me, but not to be outdone chapter three covers minor manufacturers. At last we get to names many of us are familiar with. The authors go into incredible detail. The highly detailed text is accompanied by a large number of tables and photographs, ideal for the super detailing modeller. To complete the coverage, chapter eleven details jet aero engines, including the German connection. What can I say, this is arguably the only book of this quality on this matter that we will ever see printed in English and it must rank as a must for students of the subject. www.mmpbooks.biz

Ernie Lee Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft in the Americas Authors: Yefim Gorden & Dmitriy Komissarov Publisher: Crecy Publishing Ltd ISBN: 978 19021 095 41 Format: Hardback, 304 pages This is yet another tome under the Hikoki label and is a perfect starter for modellers who like to model aircraft in schemes other than their country of origin. The content is divided into three groups, North America, Central America and the Caribbean and South America. The first section, Canada, is

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somewhat brief with a couple of photographs and a profile of the Mi-17-5 which was part of the Joint Task Force, Afghanistan Air Wing, Kandahar, 2010. This would make an interesting inclusion in a display of machines of that conflict. The other country in this group is the United States. After a few pages covering early machines 'borrowed' from North Korea we move to the jets. I am aware that the United States had a few Soviet aircraft used for evaluation. With the breakup of the Eastern Block many were also bought privately. This book illustrates a considerable number of jet fighters. However when it comes to helicopters, they really rocked the boat. Apart from a good number of colour photographs, I counted twenty six colour profiles. Many of these aircraft were Incorporated into the United States Armed Forces and the CIA. All the Military, Warbirds and Government aircraft are listed. To be honest there are more on this list than the RAF has combat aircraft. The book carries on down the length of South America with machines both civil and military. Many of these are really exotic colour schemes, some of which will test your painting skill. I am afraid this is yet another of Yefim’s books that you must have on your bookshelf if your interest lies in Soviet built aircraft. All I can say is it is brilliant. www.crecy.co.uk

Ernie Lee The Aviation Historian 2018 Calendar Issue 20 Format: Paperback, 130 pages Those interested in pursuing aviation history beyond the point of mere reference take note. This is a journal that really gets under the skin of the matter with a mass of fascinating in-depth article on aviation subjects. This issue’s coverage ranges all across the board with a major piece on the Westland Whirlwind, a comprehensive account of combat operations in Chad featuring Libyan Tu-22s, and a terrific account of the flying career of Charles F. Blair, who amongst other achievements made the first solo flight across

the North Pole. One piece that particularly intrigued me was the jet powered Anson, a machine used as a flying testbed for Whittle’s engine. All this and more! Filled with excellent original illustrations and plenty of fascinating text this is a splendid read and well worth looking into. The A5 format makes it a handy travel read as well, while the eclectic content ensures there is something for everyone. Highly recommended.. www.theaviationhistorian.com

Airframe & Miniature No.10 The de Havilland Mosquito Part Two Fighter, Fighter Bomber & Night Fighter (including Sea Mosquito) Author: Richard A. Franks Publisher: Valiant Wings ISBN: 978 09935 345 84 Format: Paperback, 208 pages Well Mr Franks seems to have done it again. This time he has produced a book of such remarkable depth and quality that he has rendered all other books on the subject redundant, excepting his own Volume One in this series of course... Following the now familiar format the book includes a beautifully illustrated and laid out historical section followed by Richard Caruana’s profiles section with extended captions and in depth notes on camouflage and markings. The modelling chapters include all we have come to expect, with excellent reviews on available kits, a section of fantastic model build articles and of course the Building a Collection feature, which outlines developments from variant to variant using superb three dimensional drawings that make it easy for the modeller to effect conversions, especially where changes are minor and hard to locate in reference photographs. The detail section of course leaves nothing to chance, and fold-out plans in the back complete a book that is unlikely to be superseded on this type. Very welcome and very highly recommended, if not essential, to any modeller with an interest in or plans to model the Mosquito. www.valiant-wings.co.uk

580 MODELLERS

Parks Sports Centre, Sunday 4th June By Geoff Cooper-Smith

5

80 Modellers has been attending this show for a good few years now and I know I have said this before, but I will say it again because it still holds true. Since it moved to this current venue with Rob Sullivan at the helm, the show has gone from strength to strength. This year was the thirtieth anniversary and although there were a few enforced changes, to accommodate the fact it was being held

between local and national elections, they did little to reduce the enjoyment. There was the usual panoply of local clubs, one of whom, Washington Model Club, fully occupied no less than fourteen tables, and a healthy contingent from north of the border was present once again. And as in previous years it was all well laid out, with plenty of interest and buckets of bargains; how about a 1/48

Dragon Slayer

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lthough Show Dragon does try to present a balanced picture of all aspects of the show scene, it can sometimes be difficult to not slip into invective or something worse. Such errant behaviour is not born out of malevolence or venom but a genuine passion for the show scene and all it represents in our most marvellous, enjoyable, educational and if not somewhat insular world of scale plastic modelling. So please forgive my occasional indulgence for I feel such coming upon me this month.

Tamiya Beaufighter TFX and Mustang III, both slightly started but with aftermarket parts for £15? That’s the pair, not each! Try and get that on the t’interweb! Our Mr Foxall took one of his most unusual golds with a 1/32 USN deck tractor in Class 21 Miscellaneous. As a result it all went by in a jiffy and I will say it again as it still holds true that I cannot wait to do it again next year so roll on 3rd June 2018.

By Show Dragon It is concern over the loss of shows and the causes. Now while it is undoubtedly true that the number of shows on offer is generally on the up and there has been the opening up of some truly wondrous venues, e.g. Shuttleworth Collection, to the model show scene, the number of losses, some significant and most unwelcome, is seemingly on the increase too. Further, more are seemingly under threat and may have to adapt (and not for the better) or die. There are several causes of death but the most insidious and unwelcome is that of the appointment of an

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agent, usually on some form of performance incentive, by the larger venues in particular, to manage their events. It is more than evident that such an agent will be very interested in events that will generate easy revenue and hopefully even help their own subsidiaries or pet companies by awarding them business. Throwing corporate events amongst a hangar full of historic aircraft is most definitely a money spinner and so lots of those will be promoted and run with pleasure. Such events will demand a considerable sum of money just for the

580 M O D E L L E R S corporates to walk through the hangar door, and probably out of hours too, which will command an extra premium. So plenty of opportunity for revenue generation, some of which in some way will be shared with the venue as part of the agreement. On top of all this there will of course be numerous revenue enhancing add-ons, from presentation equipment and materials, to tea and coffee, all the way through to multi course meals. Conversely, from that same event organiser’s point of view the model show represents a right royal pain in the derrière! Such an event requires considerable organisation, probably represents nothing but aggro, and the event agent will get virtually nothing, possibly even less than that from such an occasion. As the event organisation is a business, with shareholders who want to make money, they will simply not be interested in running a model show. Further, as they have paid for an exclusive agreement they probably will not want to let anyone else run an event on their patch either because there is always the probability that someone may want to run an event on that date that could generate revenue. The only thing a model show will do is generate a healthy increase in visitor numbers, which reflects far more positively on the venue owners, but then again it probably generates little additional revenue (through the agreement with the event organisers) and so they will tend to side with their contractor. In recent years perhaps the most significant show to be lost was that at the RAF

Vought

arling By Kev D

The show at the Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovilton, the organisation of which was actually led internally, had also grown to be a large and well attended and regarded show and gained a good reputation in recent years. However, as a result of various changes the 2017 show was cancelled and in view of the statement issued by the museum management, and its content, it would appear that this show will also be no more. The show perhaps with the greatest and best reputation is that held by the Shropshire Scale Modellers at the Cosford Museum. Until 2017 this was undoubtedly the one that every club, every trader, every SIG and every punter wanted to attend. Gary Stevens had worked hard to build this up into something absolutely awesome, but in 2017 there were the first signs of change, and in Show Dragon’s view these were most definitely not for the better. The number of stands, and hence the number of clubs, SIGs and traders, was severely reduced, such that within less than a month of the invites being sent all

space was taken. As a result the atmosphere at the 2017 show was somewhat subdued. Show Dragon chatted with several in the know on the day and they all wondered out loud how long the show would last. What an absolutely travesty the loss of this show this would be, as with the others, as they all had built up a considerable reputation and not just to the model show fraternity, and shows an absolute ignorance of what this means to so many people by those responsible. I feel most for the Shropshire Scale Modellers and their associated groups who through a lot of devotion, effort and hard work have built this up into one of the premiere shows in the world model show calendar (don’t believe me, just look at the number of foreign model clubs who have visited as punters in the more recent years). They are in the process of being well and truly slapped in the face and none of the bodies responsible have probably taken any time or trouble to discuss this with the show organisers and try to find a way forward as a result of the changes. But we seem to live in an uncaring world, something promoted by a certain brand of politician, who only place value on the lining of people’s pockets rather than their enrichment and quality and enjoyment of life. We don’t all, and cannot, want to be avaricious, corrupt and downright contemptible citizens. Some of us simply want to earn enough money to live and have the time and resources to do what we enjoy. So as I said at the beginning, please forgive my indulgence.

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Museum Hendon. This was certainly perhaps the most iconic place in the UK to hold a model show and involved the efforts and input of several London clubs. They certainly had several challenges to overcome in order to get it off the ground and keep it airborne (sorry a terrible pun but there you go) and seemed to have got past the point of critical mass but unfortunately just as it was becoming established the plug was pulled and the organisers have made it very clear that they will not be returning.

.1111

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For more information on previous issues and secure ordering please visit:

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WARPAINT SER IES No.1

By Adrian M. Balch

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Orders from the world’s book and hobby trade are invited

Warpaint on the web

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Alll major cre ediit cards s accepted. Orders s can be pla aced by mail,, tele ephone, fa ax or thro ough the we ebsite. (www..guide delinepubliications.co.uk) Plus posta age and packiin ng on alll orders s. Ove e rs eas re eaders rs pay posta age at air maill priinted paper ra a te .

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Unit 3, En nigma Building, Bilton n Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley Bucks MK1 1HW Te elephone: +44 (0)1908 270400, Fax: +44 (0)1908 270614, Email: [email protected]

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

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M A R K E T P L AC E

PRINTSCALE Small scale releases from Printscale this month include two sets offering a host of options for the T-33 in global service, as well as a very welcome World War I set for the SPAD S.VIII: 1/72 72259 French Spad S.VII Aces of World War I Includes individual markings for thirteen French aircraft in a variety of schemes, clear doped and camouflaged. The decal sheet includes individual markings for each example and one

LIFECOLOR Three new boxed sets from LifeColor offer more scope and opportunities for diorama builders in particular: LC-CS38 LifeColor White Wood set £17.99 This set includes: • UA 774 Old Peeled Deck • UA 775 Old Lightened Wood • UA 776 Rough Light Grey • UA 777 Rough Light Brown • UA 778 Stripped Wood • UA 779 Wooden Grey Umber Use this set of six colours to paint weathered or new white wood effects. They contain high pigment colours to paint wooden sleepers, carriages, buildings, bridges, structures, floors, naval decks, masts, sea defences, wooden fittings on weapons, flat-bed trucks, telegraph poles, fences, farm

72269 Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star Part Two Part two of Print Scale’s exhaustive coverage of the Shooting Star features four aircraft, a Bolivian machine in sand, green and brown camouflage over pale blue undersides, an all grey FS36237 Canadian aircraft, a natural metal example from the Chilean Air Force and an Aluminium overall T-33A from Brazil. Two full sets of stencilling are included, one in black for the Lo-Viz Canadian

wagons, aircraft propellers, wooden airframes and any other wooden parts of scale models. LC-CS39 LifeColor Leaking & Stains set £17.99 This set contains both matt and gloss acrylic colours. There are three special glossy acrylic colours to simulate damp and mould effects for dioramas plus three matt acrylic colours to replicate grime details. Thanks to the special consistency and flat result of the colours you can produce realistic stains and spots. This set includes: • UA 746 Lime Green • UA 747 Dirty Green • UA 748 Brown Green • UA 749 Vegetable Origin Damp Green • UA 750 Vegetable Origin Damp Yellow • UA 751 Dark Mould

NOY’S MINIATURES The latest addition to the Noy's Miniatures range is a NATO HAS (Hardened Aircraft Shelter) set in four scales. The set includes three prints, two base components and one backdrop, that depict the inside and outside areas of a contemporary NATO HAS, as follows: • Item no. 7230 NATO HAS: A set of three cardstock prints in 1/72. Approximate

set of national insignia. Instruction sheets are in full colour.

72270 Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star Part Three Five machines are covered on this third sheet, including a natural metal overall French machine, an orange Italian aircraft with black and yellow striped undersides, two German, one in natural metal and one camouflaged, and a Japanese example in aluminium overall. Stencils are provided for one airframe with a choice of anti dazzle panels in either black or Olive Drab. www.printscale.org

LC-CS40 LifeColor Stone set £17.99 Use this set of six colours to paint stone effects on your models. The set includes: • UA 780 Blue Stone • UA 781 Brown Stone • UA 782 Dark Sand Stone • UA 783 Green Stone • UA 784 Reddish Stone • UA 785 Light Stone Water soluble acrylic colours for modelling and hobby, LifeColor is excellent for brush painting or airbrushing on plastic, resin, metal, vinyl, wood, cloth and ceramic. You may mix the matt colours with Tensocrom Medium to make them into weathering glazes or simply use them as high coverage matt colours. www.airbrushes.com

dimensions of each print 31cm/12.2 inch x 21.9cm/8.6 inch • Item no. 4830 NATO HAS: A set of three cardstock prints in 1/48. Approximate dimensions of each print 39.5cm/15.6 inch x 28cm/11.02 inch • Item no. 3230 NATO HAS: A set of three plotter prints in 1/32. Set comes inside a sturdy carton tube and is shipped rolled like posters.

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scheme.

Approximate dimensions of each print 59.3cm/23.35 inch x 40cm/15.75 inch. • Item no. 144030 NATO HAS: A set of three cardstock prints in 1/144. Approximate dimensions of each print 14.8cm/5.8 inch x 10.5cm/4.1 inch The full range is stocked by Hannants in the UK. www.hannants.co.uk

CO M I N G N E X T M O N T H

SCALE AIRCRAFT MODELLING VOLUME: 39 ISSUE: 07

September 2017 Proudly Celebrating 38 Years! www.guidelinepublications.co.uk Published by Guideline Publications & printed by Regal Litho Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 Distributed to the UK and International news trade by: Intermedia http://www.inter-media.co.uk/ via MarketForce (UK) Ltd. 110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU http://www.marketforce.co.uk/ Chairman: Regis Auckland Worldwide Advertising: Tom Foxon, [email protected]

Next issue Planned for the Scale Aircraft Modelling

Volume 39 Issue 8: October 2017 White 2 HP Victor K2 XL189 during the Falklands Campaign Airfix 1/72 Conversion By Raymond Ball

Kitting the Wind 1/72 Revell Eurofighter Typhoon By Peter Doyle

Editor: Gary Hatcher, [email protected] Assistant Editor: Karl Robinson Associate Editor: Neil Robinson Newsdesk: Colin 'Flying' Pickett

Ultra Sabre North American F-107 By Steve Muth

Book Reviews: Ernie Lee News & Industry Editor: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Design: Lincoln Rodrigues House Artist: Mark Rolfe, [email protected] North American Contact: Larry Weindorf Post Office Box 21, Annandale, VA 22003 ph: 703-639-7316, [email protected] SAM Subscriptions, SAM Shop & Back Issues: Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 12 Months' Subscription UK: £49.50, Europe: £64.00 Rest of the World: £85.00 Air Mail Only, USA / Canada Subscriptions: $127.00 Larry Weindorf 2 York Street , Gettysburg PA 17325 USA Ph: 703-639-7316 e-mail: [email protected] Alternatively we can bill you and send an invoice for your 1 year subscription. Payment from overseas should be made by International Money Order or Bankers Draft drawn on the UK branch of the subscriber’s own bank. We also accept payment by Visa and Mastercard, Credit Cards or Delta debit cards, with full name, card number including 3-digit security code, issue number, and expiry date. The Legal Bits: This Magazine is copyrighted material! Scale Aircraft Modelling (ISSN 0956-1420) is sold through the news distribution trade subject to the condition that no material written or pictorial is copied from editorial or advertising pages without the written consent of the publishers. Guideline Publications accepts no liability for the contents of advertisements or the conduct of advertisers. Opinions expressed by authors and reviewers are their own and may not reflect those of the publishers. Unsolicited material sent for publication is welcome on the understanding that it may not be returned unless postage is provided. .

Aircraft in Profile USAF in Iraqi Freedom Colour artwork Profiles by Mark Rolfe

Surrendering Gracefully Trumpeter’s ‘Mavis’ in 1/144 By Huw Morgan

Colour Conundrum The 18 Group Coastal Command 'Norge' Scheme of 1943 By Paul Lucas All this and more plus the latest from the Newsdesk, the continuing efforts of the Harrogate Model Club, and the usual Marketplace round up and showcases. Please note we receive a constant stream of interesting and informative articles, and in the interest of balanced and up to the minute coverage content may change at short notice. The above listing is provisional and may be subject to change.

Model Show Listing Compiled by Geoff Cooper-Smith of 580 Modellers For shows this coming month see the IPMS(UK) column. If you would like your show promoted in this listing then please contact Geoff at [email protected] or on 07841 417680. Saturday 26th August 2017 Scale Scotland at the Hilton Edinburgh Airport, Edinburgh, EH28 8LL. Saturday 2nd & Sunday 3rd September 2017 Medway Modelling Club presents their Annual Show at the Royal Engineers Museum, Prince Arthur Road, Gillingham, Kent, ME7 1UR. Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Bridlington and Wolds present the East Riding of Yorkshire Model Show, REX Pavilion, Driffield Showground, Driffield, East Yorkshire, YO25 9DN. Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Chiltern (incorporating Bedford MAFVA) show at The Weatherley Centre, Eagle Farm Road, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, SG18 8JH. **NEW SHOW** Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Wombourne present Aero Space & Vehicle 2017 at The Community Centre, Church Road, Wombourne, South Staffordshire, WV5 9EZ. Saturday 9th September 2017 South West Cornwall IPMS present their Annual Scale Modellers Show at Penhaligon Building, Cornwall College, Trevenson Lane, Pool, Redruth, Cornwall, TR15 3RD. Saturday 10th September 2017 Sutton Coldfield Model Makers Society proudly presents the Sutton Coldfield Model Spectacular 2017 at Shire Oak Academy, St. Marks Road, Walsall Wood, Walsall, WS8 7AQ. Saturday 16th September 2017 IPMS Farnborough presents their annual Modelfest at Kings International College, Watchetts Drive, Camberley, Surrey, GU15 2PQ. Saturday 16th & Sunday 17th September 2017 Euro Miniature Expo (Euromilitaire 2017) at Leascliff Hall, The Leas, Folkestone, CT20 2DZ. Sunday 17th September 2017 IPMS Fenland & Spalding Model Club present Wings and Things 2017 at University Academy Holbeach, Park Road, Holbeach, Spalding, Lincolnshire, PE12 7PU. Saturday 23rd September 2017 Aberdeen Modellers Society presents their first show at Hilton Tree Tops Hotel, 161 Springfield Road, Aberdeen, AB15 7AQ. **NEW SHOW** Sunday 24th September 2017 IPMS Brampton present the St Ives Model Show at the Burgess Hall, Westwood Road, St Ives, Cambridgeshire, PE27 6WU. Saturday 30th September 2017 Abingdon IPMS present their Annual Show at Larkmead School, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 1BB. Saturday 7th October 2017 The Tank Museum presents Tank Mod 2017 at The Tank Museum, Bovingdon, Wool, Dorset, BH20 6JG. Sunday 8th October 2017 Ellesmere Model Railway Club and Shropshire Scale Modellers present the North Shropshire Model Show at Ellesmere Market Hall, Scotland Street, Ellesmere, Shropshire, SY12 0ED. Saturday 14th & Sunday 15th October 2017 IPMS Belgium presents Plastic & Steel. Sunday 15th October 2017 IPMS Newark & Lincoln present the Lincoln & Newark Model Expo in the Grandstand at Southwell Racecourse, Rolleston, Newark, Nottinghamshire, NG25 0TS.

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

85

NEW KITS Meng Model Aircraft kits (injection) MMLS-007 1:48 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II Micro-Mir Aircraft kits (injection) MM144-018 1:144 Dassault Falcon 10/100 OE-GSC OzMods Aircraft kits (injection) OMKIT14418 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.31 (SAFE Air (New Zealand) and British United) OMKIT14419 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.31 (RAF and RNZAF) OMKIT14420 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.21 Silver City G-AICS and 4 RAAF aircraft covering most of their operational lives. Includes resin parts to convert the Mk.31 kits to the Mk.21 OZKIT7204 1:72 Pilatus PC-9 with decals for RAAF CAS aircraft, RAAF Roulettes. RAAF ARDU aircraft and Myanmar Air Force Revell Aircraft kits (injection) RV4956 1:72 Bell AH-1G Cobra Smer Aircraft kits (injection) SM72927 1:72 Sukhoi Su-25K "Frogfoot-A" SM72928 1:72 Sukhoi Su-7BMK "Fitter-A"

TWC72025 TWC72026 £49.99

£17.99

£39.99 £39.99

£39.99 £29.99

£17.99

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Sword Aircraft kits (injection) SW72104 1:72 Fiat G.55 2 in 1 series. Model contains 2 complete kits with 2 tails versions. SW72105 1:72 Lockheed RF-80A over Korea 6 camouflaged versions SW72106 1:72 Lockheed P-80A/B 5 camouflaged versions

£14.99 £13.99 £13.99

Tarangus Aircraft kits (injection) TAR48007 1:48 Back in stock! Saab SH-37/SF-37 Viggen. Makes either the Maritime reconnaissance SH-37 or the photo reconnaissance SF-37

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Trumpeter Aircraft kits (injection) TU01679 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound

£47.99

Valom Aircraft kits (injection) VAL72118 1:72 Handley-Page Harrow Mk.II (24th Maintenance Unit) VAL72119 1:72 McDonnell F-101A/RF-101C 56-0055 No.66 TRW USAF France 1963 and 56-0006, 92nd TFS, Bentwaters Air Base, Suffolk, England 1961 Welsh Models Aircraft kits (resin) WHSL382R 1:144 Vickers Viking 1B " Maitland Drewery " resin kit with metal undercarriage & propellers WHSL384R 1:144 Bristol Super Freighter " Midland Air Cargo " resin kit with metal U/C & propellers Wingnut Wings Aircraft kits (injection) WNW32701 1:32 Albatros D.V/D.Va "Jasta 5" Green Tail Trilogy set (includes 3x models) Zvezda Aircraft kits (injection) ZVE7228 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-27 ZVE7309 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-29SMT

£36.80

£35.70

£40.99 £47.50

£179.99

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Aires Aircraft detailing sets (resin) AIRE4712 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) cockpit set COCKPIT SET (Tamiya) AIRE4716 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) separate control surfaces (Tamiya) AIRE4723 1:48 Cessna A-37A Dragonfly cockpit set (Encore and Monogram) AIRE4724 1:48 Curtiss P-40B Warhawk wheel bay (Airfix) AIRE4726 1:48 SAAB J-29F Tunnan wheel bay ((Pilot Replicas) 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX control surfaces (metal) (Eduard) AIRE7351 AIRE4714 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) engine set Engine Set (Tamiya) AIRE4721 1:48 Gloster Gladiator Mk.I/Mk.II seat (Eduard and Roden) Eduard Aircraft detailing sets (etched) ED32407 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc exterior (Revell) ED32408 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc landing flaps (Revell) ED32912 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc interior (Revell) ED33172 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc (Revell) ED33173 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc seatbelts STEEL (Revell) ED48928 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Meng Model) ED48929 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I exterior (Airfix) ED49848 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I interior (Airfix) ED49850 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Meng Model) ED72655 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver landing flaps (Special Hobby) ED72656 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver undercarriage (Special Hobby) ED73604 1:72 Sukhoi Su-17M3 (Modelsvit) ED73605 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (Special Hobby) ED73606 1:72 IAI C2/C7 Kfir (Avant Garde) EDFE848 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I (Airfix) EDFE849 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I seatbelts STEEL (Airfix) EDFE850 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Meng Model) EDFE851 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang seatbelts STEEL (Meng Model) EDFE852 1:48 Seatbelts France WWI EDSS604 1:72 Sukhoi Su-17M3 (Modelsvit) EDSS605 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (Special Hobby) EDSS606 1:72 IAI C2 Kfir (Avant Garde) EDSS608 1:72 Seatbelts France WWI Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) EDCX488 1:72 IAI C2/C7 Kfir (Avant Garde) EDCX489 1:72 Sukhoi Su-17M3 (Modelsvit) EDCX490 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (Special Hobby) EDEX557 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I (Airfix) EDEX558 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-4 (Eduard) EDEX559 1:48 North-American P-51D Mustang (Meng Model) EDJX203 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc (Revell) ED36359 1:35 Valentine Mk.II/IV (Tamiya)

AIM - Ground Equipment Diorama accessories GE72200 1:72 MOAB - Mother Of All Bombs AIM - Transport Wings Aircraft conversions (mixed-media)

£36.00 £10.80

£12.99 £6.80 £15.99 £6.80 £12.99 £3.60 £15.99 £3.60

£17.60 £19.40 £22.60 £16.20 £6.50 £10.99 £12.99 £23.99 £16.20 £16.20 £12.99 £12.99 £22.60 £17.60 £9.70 £6.50 £9.70 £5.20 £5.20 £7.20 £12.99 £9.70 £5.20 £6.50 £6.50 £8.40 £8.40 £6.50 £6.50 £9.70 £22.60

Eduard Big-Ed Aircraft detailing sets (etched) EBIG3377 1:32 Dassault Mirage IIIR (Italeri) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... EDJX200 Mirage IIIE/R ED32403 Mirage IIIE/R exterior ED32908 Mirage IIIR ED32909 Mirage III E/ R seatbelts STEEL £41.99 EBIG3378

NEW ACCESSORIES Aerobonus (by Aires) Diorama accessories (resin) QAB320097 1:32 USAF F-2A spill trailer Figures (resin) QAB480189 1:48 Modern Russian Tank Crew figure QAB480190 1:48 Modern Russian Tank Crew figure QAB480192 1:48 USAF Fighter Pilot for Northrop F-5A/C with ejection seat QAB480197 1:48 USAF Fighter Pilot for North-American F-100C/F-100D with ejection seat

1:72 CF6-80C-resin engines for A310 1:72 907E Wing Refuelling Pods for A310MRTT

1:32 Dassault Mirage IIIE (Italeri) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... EDJX200 Mirage IIIE/R Mirage IIIE/R exterior ED32907 Mirage IIIE 32909Mirage IIIE/ seatbelts STEEL

£41.99

1:72 Kawanishi H8K2 Type 2 Flying Boat (Hasegawa) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... ED72650 H8K2 Emily nose interior ED72651 H8K2 Emily rear interior ED72652 H8K2 Emily exterior ED72653 H8K2 maintenance platforms ED73592 H8K2 Emily cockpit interior

£64.70

£29.99 EBIG72128 £6.99 £6.99 £8.40 £8.40

£18.00

Eduard Brassin Aircraft detailing sets (metal) ED632109 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc undercarriage legs BRONZE (Revell)

£14.99

ED632105 ED648324 ED648334 ED648338 ED648340 ED648341

1:32 Vought F4U-1 Corsair cowling with alternate cooling flaps (Tamiya) 1:48 Matra R-530 1:48 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXe gun bays (Eduard) 1:48 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VIII top cowl (Eduard) 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-4 cockpit (Eduard) 1:48 Ammo belts 12,7 mm

Eduard Brassin Aircraft detailing sets (resin) SIN64831 1:48 Grumman F-14A Tomcat detail set (Tamiya kits) ED648304 F-14A wheels early ED648311 F-14A exhaust nozzles ED648312 F-14A cockpit ED632108 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc exhaust stack - fishtail (Revell) ED632106 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc wheels 4-spoke (Revell) ED632107 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXc wheels 5-spoke (Revell) ED648333 1:48 Royal_Aircraft_Factory S.E.5a wheels (Eduard) ED648343 1:48 Supermarine Walrus Mk.I wheels (Airfix)

£14.99 £8.40 £12.99 £3.20 £25.99 £6.50

QB48785

1:48 Curtiss P-40B Warhawk gun barrels (Airfix)

£3.50

QB72551

1:72 Grumman F-14D Tomcat ejection seats with safety belts (Fujimi)

£3.50

QB72552

1:72 Sikorsky SH-3H Seaking seats with safety belts ejection seat (Fujimi)

£3.50

QB72553

1:72 Hawker Sea Hawk FGA.6/Mk.100 ejection seat with safety belts ejection seat (Trumpeter)

£2.70

QB72554

1:72 Hawker Typhoon Mk.Ib seat with safety belts (Airfix)

£2.70

ResKit Aircraft wheels (resin) RS35-0008

1:35 Sikorsky SH-60 (all versions) wheels (Academy and Italeri)

£15.40

Scale Aircraft Conversions Aircraft detailing sets (metal) £41.99 £5.20 £9.70 £9.70 £5.20 £6.50

HAD Models Aircraft seats (resin) HUN132009 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-19 ejection seat (Trumpeter kits) £6.40

SAC32122

1:32 Yakovlev Yak-3 Landing Gear (Special Hobby)

£17.99

SAC32123

1:32 Rumpler C.IV Landing Gear (WW) (Wingnut Wings)

£16.99

SAC48331

1:48 Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker B Landing Gear (HobbyBoss)

£17.99

SAC48332

1:48 Sukhoi Su-30MKK Flanker G Landing Gear (HobbyBoss)

£17.99

SAC72142

1:72 Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum Landing Gear (Trumpeter)

£13.99

SAC72143

1:72 Bristol Sycamore type 171 Landing Gear & Rotor Head (S & M)

£12.99

Shesto cutting mats KN6001

JBr Decals Aircraft conversions (resin) JBR84408 1:144 Mikoyan MiG-21PFM conversion set for Eduard kit with resin spine + decals for Czechoslovak, Soviet and Mongolian AF). (Eduard) Meng Model Aircraft detailing sets (injection) MMSPS-043 1:48 US Medium Range Air to Air Missile Set MMSPS-044 1:48 US Medium Range Air to Air Missile Set MMSPS-045 1:48 US Satellite Guided Bomb Set

£32.95

Wheeliant (by Aires) Aircraft wheels (resin) £6.40

£19.99 £19.99 £13.99

Mk.1 Design Aircraft detailing sets (decal, etched and resin) MA-48014 1:48 Grumman F-14A Update Parts (Tamiya) MA-48016 1:48 AIM-7E Sparrow Missile Set ( x2) MA-48017 1:48 AIM-7M Sparrow Missile Set (x 2) MA-48018 1:48 AIM-9L Sidewinder Missile Set x 2 Aircraft detailing sets (resin) MA-48015 1:48 MIM-23 HAWK MISSILE Set ( x 2)

A1 Cutting Mat Size in millimetres 600 x 900mm

£19.99 £17.99 £17.99 £17.99

WT148017

1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-16I Sufa weighted wheels (GY production) (Hasegawa)

£7.50

WT148018

1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-16I Sufa 'Storm' weighted wheels (GY production) (Kinetic)

£7.50

Yahu Models Aircraft detailing sets (etched) YMA3217

1:32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190D (Hasegawa)

£7.50

YMA3223

1:32 Republic P-47D Thunderbolt late (Hasegawa)

£7.50

YMA4854

1:48 Mikoyan MiG-23MF (Trumpeter)

£4.30

YMA4855

1:48 Lublin R.XIII (Mirage)

£3.40

YMA7285

1:72 PZL.23A Karas/P.42/P.43 (IBG)

£3.40

YML4802

1:48 Sukhoi Su-17M3/M4 'Fitter'/Su-22 (Kitty Hawk Model)

£6.50

£19.99

NEW BOOKS Model Maker Decals Aircraft detailing sets (resin) Z48008 1:48 303 Squadron part 2 Hurricane decals and figures set

£23.60

Quickboost (by Aires) Aircraft detailing sets (resin) QB48777 1:48 SAAB J-21A3 correct pylon ((Pilot Replicas) QB48779 1:48 Hawker Hurricane circular mirror QB48782 1:48 McDonnell F-4 Phantom II mirrors QB48786 1:48 McDonnell F-101A Voodoo refueling probe cover (Kitty Hawk Model) QB32190 1:32 North-American T-28 Trojan propeller "B" (Kitty Hawk Model) QB48778 1:48 SAAB J-21A3 propeller w/tool ((Pilot Replicas) QB48783 1:48 Curtiss P-40B/P-40C Warhawk propeller with tool (Bronco Models) QB48784 1:48 Curtiss P-40B/P-40C Warhawk exhaust exhaust (Bronco Models)

AMG AMG48606 1:48 Hawker Sea Fury T.20 Royal Navy £45.99

AVIS BX72016 1:72 RFB Fantrainer 600 £20.80

BRONCO GB7009 1:72 DFS-230V-6 Light Assault Glider with Deceleration Rocket £20.99

£3.50 £2.70 £2.70 £3.50 £4.80 £4.80 £4.80 £3.50

ICM ICM32001 1:32 Polikarpov I-16 type 24, WWII Soviet Fighter £27.99

Naval Fighters NF104

Brewster F2A Buffalo, Richard S. Dann; 176 pages, 391 photos, 22 illustrations.

£33.30

NF302

FROM BATS TO RANGERS A Pictorial History of Electronic Countermeasures Squadron Two (ECMRON-2) Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron Two (VQ-2) by Angelo Romano and AMHC (AW) John D. Herndon, USN, Ret.

£58.30

SAM Publications SAMPUB28 MDF28 Vought A-7 Corsair II A Comprehensive Guide

£19.99

Warpaint Series WPS111

Vought OS2U Kingfisher by Adrian M Balch

MARK I Models MKM14468 1:144 2 x de Havilland Vampire FB.5/FB.52 £14.99

MENG MODELS MMLS-007 1:48 Lockheed F-35A Lightning II £49.99

VALOM VAL72118 1:72 Handley-Page Harrow Mk.II (24th Maintenance Unit) £36.80

£14.50

WINGNUT WINGS WNW32701 1:32 Albatros D.V/D.Va "Jasta 5" Trilogy set £27.70

PLEASE NOTE CHEQUES AND POSTAL ORDERS ARE NO LONGER ACCEPTED

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

Peripheral subjects

W

hilst the majority of the contents of this magazine has traditionally been about the scale modelling of aircraft (the clue is in the title), on occasion some space has been devoted to the coverage of subjects that might be described as being peripheral to the main subject matter. For example, several years ago there was an occasional feature called 'Things under wings', which sought to describe some of the stores carried under the wings of military aircraft. Whilst not aircraft in themselves, the under wing stores were considered to be relevant to aircraft modellers. This being the case, what else might be considered peripheral, but relevant and therefore suitable for inclusion in Scale Aircraft Modelling? Vehicles and ground support equipment? Uniforms and figures? Buildings and structures such as dispersal pens? Ships? You might have noticed how in his editorial in the November 2016 issue, the editor stated ‘...a large number of our contributors not only build ships and submarines but military vehicles as well. Now we draw the line here of course as AFVs have their own dedicated magazines...’ only to motor across said line with all the gusto of a Panzer Regiment crossing the Soviet border in the very next issue with a three page article on a 1/32 truck. In this instance however, it was deemed relevant because the featured kit had been produced specifically to complement the Wingnut 1/32 scale kits and it was thought likely to be of relevance and interest to some aircraft modellers. During the course of my research into aircraft colours, I have also come into contact with a number of documents that relate to the colour schemes of British vehicles and warships. Airfield vehicles have long been available from Airfix and other specialist suppliers, and more recently have enjoyed something of a mainstream renaissance, but would the relevant Air Ministry Orders that describe how RAF vehicles were supposed to be painted be of any interest to aircraft modellers? Likewise would something that describes Royal Navy warship colours be of interest? With the occasional inclusion of some ships in the magazine, it occurred to me that whilst warship colours per-Se might not appeal to many aircraft modellers, a number might be interested in something about ships if it was related to aircraft in some way. This was the origin of the 'Colour Conundrum' in the March 2017 issue, which dealt with the colour schemes of the flight decks of Royal Navy aircraft carriers with some reference to the size and shape of the

By Paul Lucas lifts so that models of Fleet Air Arm aircraft could be displayed on a base that bore at least a superficial resemblance to an aircraft carrier's flight deck. At the time I wrote that piece, I was uncertain of what colour and type of material was used to apply the deck markings. Life being what it is, within a few weeks of submitting the article, part of the answer to this particular conundrum looked as though it might have come to light in the files of the National Archives at Kew. In March 1956 the JESC Paints Subcommittee was holding a review in connection with the contents of the Defence List of Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers and Related Products. On 15 March the Admiralty requirements for the paints to be held in store was submitted to the Subcommittee and this list included Admiralty Pattern 4164 Yellow and 4165 White, which was described as Paint, Finishing, Brushing and Spraying to DTD 517A in 1 gallon containers. The stated use for these items was given as being ‘Marking of decks of aircraft carriers’. DTD 517A was the later formulation of DTD 517 Material Specification for Matt Pigmented Synthetic Resin Primer and Finish (Quick Drying) first introduced in December 1941. This was originally an aircraft finish material which came to be the finish of choice for British Naval aircraft from 1942 until the early 1950's when it was replaced by DTD 827. Whilst I don't have a solid documentary link between these Admiralty Patterns in 1956 and their use on wartime aircraft carrier decks, that the paint was available from 1942 and was apparently being used for this purpose in 1956 suggests the possibility that they were also used for this purpose during the war. I have not seen a colour swatch for these colours either, but it is probably safe to assume that they were identical to the hues of the aircraft colours available as Yellow 33B/179 and White 33B/177 for 1 gallon cans of these colours to DTD 517 as cited in DTD Technical Circular No. 360 from 1943 to 1945. If this was indeed the case, then the Yellow would have been equivalent to BS 381C No. 356 Golden Yellow, FS 33538, whilst the White would have been an 'Arctic' or 'Appliance' white. What was being used to mark the decks before 1941 remains unknown. To bring the subject of this piece kicking and screaming back to the subject of aircraft modelling, and the place where I started with things under wings, one example of a peripheral subject that might be of interest to aircraft modellers is that of British bomb colours of the Second

RECEIVE EXTRA EIGHT PAGES FREE

World War era. Due to the complexity of the subject, only a brief overall view is offered here, but is there sufficient interest to warrant an expanded article? The following information is primarily taken from Air Publication 3095 'Inter-Service Ammunition and Ammunition Package Markings' dated 1945 with supplemental information taken from an assortment of other primary source documents. All the colour numbers and names are from BS 381 of 1944 as given as given in AP 3095 of 1945: From the outbreak of war until 1942 British HE Bombs were basically BS 381 No. 59 Middle Buff. This colour is often colloquially described as 'yellow'. From 1942 until the end of the war British HE Bombs were basically BS 381 No.24 Deep Bronze Green. This colour is often colloquially described as 'dark green'. 2000 lb. AP Bombs were BS 381 No.24 Deep Bronze Green with a BS381 No. 25 Light Brunswick Green nose. Incendiary Bombs, 30 lb. and 250 lb. are thought to have been BS 381C No.46 Red Oxide Incendiary Bombs 4 lb. were natural metal Chemical Weapons were BS 381 No. 32 Dark Battleship Grey. 3in. Rocket motors were BS 381 No.24 Deep Bronze Green. 3 in. Rocket Shell warheads were BS 381 No.24 Deep Bronze Green. 3 in. Rocket AP and SAP Shot warheads were 'Black'. This probably means Night. 3in. Rocket practice heads were unpainted concrete. Pathfinder Target Indicators are simply described as being 'Black', which probably means Night. Practice Bombs were White. Buoyancy bomb 'B' was camouflaged in the Temperate Sea Scheme of Extra Dark Sea Grey and Dark Slate Grey. These basic colour schemes were supplemented by various markings to indicate how they were filled and fused, which is too difficult to describe with words and really needs coloured illustrations to describe in any detail. In general terms, the colour of the rings that encircled the bombs in various places could be BS 381 No. 37 Signal Red, No. 25. Light Brunswick Green, No.4 Azure Blue or Black in various combinations and various widths indicating various fillings. It needs to be borne in mind that the bomb and its tail came as separate components, which were probably made in different places at different times and painted with different batches of paint that might not exactly match each other and therefore give the appearance of the assembled bomb being painted in two different colours. In some instances this might actually be the case where a yellow tail has been fitted to a green bomb or vice-versa. Also, the different components might have been stored under very different conditions and this might also influence the apparent colour(s).

SEPTEMBER 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 07

1

SAM SUBS SEC TION

Piasecki (Vertol/Boeing) H-21C Shawnee By Huw Morgan

lift up to twenty two fully equipped troops brought it to the attention of the USAF and Marine Corps, and set it apart from its competitors. Founder Frank Piasecki lost control of his company to a new enterprise, Vertol, in 1956, Vertol itself being absorbed into Boeing in 1960.

The three schemes offered by the kit

Kit No: 2733 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Italeri The Hobby Company/MRC

I

n the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Piasecki Helicopter Company rivalled Sikorski as a supplier of helicopters to the US Military. Piasecki concentrated on developing its twinrotor concept, characterised by the kinked fuselage shape to provide clearance for the rotors, which resulted in the ‘banana’ nickname for several models. The fourth-generation H-21 epitomised this design when it flew first in 1952 and although originally conceived as a coldweather Search and Rescue aircraft, its ability to The decals are nicely printed, with good colour density and registration

The main fuselage halves have a rather grainy surface finish

The blades are moulded with a built-in droop

2 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

500 H-21s were produced between 1952 and 1959 and a number were in operation well into the 1970s, the type proving its worth in US hands in Vietnam, where many were armed to suppress ground fire. Several other countries operated the H-21, notably Canada and France, in the latter case under both Aeronavale and Armée de l'Aire control. The most intensive use in French hands was during the Algerian crisis in the mid-1950s when the H-21s were used to ferry troops into remote, inhospitable places, although the French Army Aviation ALAT (Aviation Légère de l'Armée de Terre) also experimented with rocket and gun-armed versions for a ground attack role.

The Kit The H-21 has been relatively well served by model industry, with resin kits from FE Resin (re boxed by Miniwing) in 1/144 scale, Hobbycraft, Airmodel and Italeri in 1/72, and Aurora and

SAM SUBS SEC TION

Fuselage interior walls are blank, the real thing has ribs and stringers

Special Hobby in 1/48, the latter's offering being the most modern prior to the release reviewed here. Italeri's kit is a brand-new mould, made up of 115 grey plastic parts arranged on four frames (two are identical) and twenty three separately bagged clear parts. There's a small, very nicelyproduced fret of etched brass, which includes the pilots' belts, windscreen wiper and the prominent mesh intake screens, and there are markings for three aircraft: • H-21C, US Army, 93rd Transport Company, Da Nang, Vietnam 1963 (Olive Drab) • H-21C, US Air Force, MATS NAS Turner Field, Albany 1960 (Aluminium/Orange) • H-21C, Aeronavale, Flotille 31F, Algeria, 1956 (French Blue) Italeri's instructions take the form of 3Drendered drawings illustrating fifteen steps and the three marking schemes are shown in colour. Paints are referred to Italeri's own acrylic range, but helpfully, FS numbers are also given. The plastic parts are cleanly moulded, with virtually no flash or sink marks, although the external rivet detail is arguably a little heavyhanded. The fuselage halves have a grainy surface to some external panels, which would benefit from a few coats of primer and polishing. The cockpit and fuselage interior are reasonably well appointed although there are some knockout marks that will need filling and scraping if the cabin doors are to be left open. There's a reasonable representation of the Wright Cyclone engine and its cooling ducting and both engine access doors can be posed

open. The build sequence is straightforward, being broken down into sub-assemblies, which will aid painting, and the rather glossy decals look to be well printed with excellent register and colour density.

The clear parts are thin, but the main nose transparency has some distortion

The aftermarket already offers some enhancements that will suit this kit; typically, Eduard have several etched sets and masks in their catalogue, Belcher Bits have replacement rotor blades and decals for some colourful Canadian variants, Printscale have a sheet for Vietnam-era camouflaged birds and New Ware have some fabulously-comprehensive mask sets, which include internal masks for the glazing. There may be others. I also had available the New Ware basic mask set (NWAM0097) and the Eduard Zoom cockpit PE (FE821), which is typical of Eduard, although the grey of the coloured parts looks a bit too blue to me.

Building Unsurprisingly, the cockpit and cabin interior are the first steps. The kit seats are rather blank, so I textured the cushions with a rotary cutter, blending the cuts with brushed-on poly cement and fitting the excellent kit-supplied belts. The Eduard set adds further detail to the rudder pedals, the central console and the seat mountings, and when built, the whole lot was sprayed Mr Hobby H306 to represent the FS36270 quoted in the instructions. I guess this colour is intended to match the grey of the

The kit includes a welcome photo etched sheet with the main grilles and seat belts

Eduard's etched sheet is typical of their Zoom offering but the grey looks a bit pale

The plain kit seats (right) can be improved with a bit of texturing, but the belts are excellent

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There are some knockout marks inside the fuselage which I filled. Most will be hidden by the cabin interior though

Eduard pre-painted parts, but it doesn't quite do it, the coloured PE being a rather bluer shade. Eduard's multi-layer instrument panel is as accomplished as ever, and there aren't so many of those tiny levers to add! The main cabin body is built up on the floor, bulkheads and troop seats being pre-painted to ease weathering. Some light wear marking was added by using a piece of sponge dipped in aluminium paint, and dirt applied using dilute Tamiya XF-52 Flat Earth.

One of the issues to deal with is the weak rivet detail and mismatched panel lines across the fuselage joint

The cockpit is dressed up with Eduard's PE parts

Eduard's pre-coloured instrument panels are as effective as ever, light chipping and wear was added with a sponge

The main cabin has prominent perforated ribs and stringers, plastic card was used to manufacture a representation

As supplied, the interior walls of the fuselage are completely blank but in reality, the perforated structural ribs and stringers were rather prominent, so I decided I needed to add some representation of the detail, especially around the door openings. I made ribs by using a plastic card template shaped to the curvature of the fuselage at the rib stations marked on the kit's moulding, drilling the lightening holes to match those on the tail bulkheads provided in the kit, and adding stringers from strip. I was rather selective in where I put this lot, since it was becoming increasingly obvious that most of it would be hidden by the troop seat backs. The engine builds up without any problems, painted with various shades of aluminium, and given the likely visibility of the assembly, I chose not to add any further detail. After painting the inside of the rear fuselage with Tamiya XF-4 to replicate the zinc chromate primer finish, the bulkheads and engine can be added, a dilute wash of burnt sienna and ochre oil paint adding some depth and toning down the yellow. The built-up cabin interior can now be test fitted. Unlike the experience typically expected of East Asian manufacturers, there's some trimming and adjustment needed, and the joint lines certainly need some work to be presentable. Before closing the fuselage I remembered to add the oval side windows, masking them at this stage with the excellent New Ware masks to avoid damage, and applying some final weathering to the interior using artists' pastel dust. Despite the complex interior, the fuselage halves close up without any real drama, although the longitudinal seams are rather ragged and turned out to need several applications of superglue and sanding to

Tamiya XF-4 was used for the zinc chromate primer, looking a bit lurid here

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achieve a reasonable finish. Before undertaking the bulk of the sanding the main fuselage apertures were temporarily sealed with tape to prevent the ingress of dust, and the one piece nose glazing fixed in place. The nose fits pretty well, only minor trimming and filling being necessary, although a patient approach and incremental gluing is needed to get the best fit. This too was masked using the New Ware masks, which are a dream to use, and look accurately cut. While the fuselage was drying, I'd made up the undercarriage legs, painting them Ford Polar Grey gloss from a rattle can, and wrapping strips of Bare Metal Foil Chrome around the oleos. The wheels were painted aluminium and the tyres Mr Hobby H77 Tyre black. The main undercarriage wishbone assembly needs to be fitted to the fuselage in order to allow the underside seam to be filled and sanded. If I were to build this kit again, I think I'd cut the wishbones from the central panel to allow the latter to be blended in more easily, and pin the wishbones in at the end. Once the main seams were fixed, the transverse panel lines could be re-scribed and the lost rivets reinstated by careful use of a 0.3mm drill. Removing the temporary tape to allow final sanding, leaves disaster looming with dust and bits all over the inside of the glazing where did it come from? Already planning on how the nose can be sawn off, I decided to try cleaning the bits out with our trusty Dyson. Sucking away at the rear door I squirted an aerosol computer keyboard compressed air duster in through the other apertures, - miracle! All the dust is swept away! I'm inordinately pleased that an all-touchscreen household might not have been able to do that. The rotors build up without drama and have good detail on the rotor heads. I painted the blades with Mr Hobby H339 Engine Grey with Vallejo White Aluminium leading edges and Dull Aluminium rotor head. Blade tips were yellow and the rotor head was given a dilute black oil wash. So, with the masking double checked, primer applied using Halfords grey and polished back, it was time for painting. I'd decided on the French Aeronavale machine as seen in Algeria in 1956, partly because the USAF metal/orange scheme

The kit has a reasonable representation of the Wright Cyclone engine

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The New Ware masks are accurate and easy to use

Here's the fuselage with the rear end fitted out had already been nailed by a 580 Modellers colleague in 1/72, and partly because the French North Africa campaign is rather overlooked. The basic airframe is Aeronavale blue, which is itself rather indeterminate in actual colour. Italeri quote FS15180, which some Internet sites suggest can be substituted by Mr Hobby H328 FS15050 Blue Angels blue. I tried the latter, and unsurprisingly, it looked a bit too bright blue to me. Reasoning that any airframes used in the desert would be faded, I used H328 as the base colour, applied unaltered to the underside of the fuselage, and modifying it with increasing amounts of Mr Hobby H56 Intermediate blue while working up the fuselage, culminating in very dilute H56 lightened with white on the top surfaces. All the above were diluted with Mr Hobby Levelling Thinner, which left a smooth, gloss finish. I judged the finish to be gloss enough for the decals, which went on without any problem using plain water to position them, then dried off and painted them with MicroSol. Aside from the main national markings, there are a plethora of stencils, many of which I suspect would have become victims of the harsh operating environment. With the decals on I gave the panel lines a light highlight with a dilute black/brown oil wash. I found it hard to choose just how much wear and tear and weathering to apply. On one hand the Aeronavale airframes in Algeria weren't that old, and prior to the conflict would have been well looked after in peacetime. On the other hand, they'd have been subject to high temperatures and seriously aggressive weather. I eventually decided on a layered approach. Having already done some fading of the blue, I added general paint wear and scuffing using a sponge dipped in Vallejo Semi-Matt aluminium

Some of the engine detail will be visible through the opened engine hatches (77.716) concentrating on those areas heavily trafficked or subject to headwinds and rotor wash, and added some depth by spotting some brighter patches using a fine brush and Vallejo White Aluminium (77.706). I faded the decals, in particular the bright Aeronavale roundels, using a dilute spray of Mr Hobby H336 Hemp, and blended the whole lot using layers of ever-moredilute Hemp, concentrating on the horizontal upper surfaces and tail. I dulled down the remaining surfaces with Mr Hobby Flat Clear, H20 but an adverse reaction to the decals meant that the flat really showed up the carrier film, so I was obliged to go back over this with the blue, finally cleaning the overspray off the decals with Iso Propyl Alcohol. Final bits include the position lights and antennae on the underside, rod aerials made from wire and elastic thread, and a whip aerial from Albion Alloys 0.2mm NiCr wire. With the masking removed, the transparencies can be given a polish, and the doors fixed to their rails. I made a belly load sling from lead wire, using the kit's hook.

Conclusions This kit took me a while to complete, and I set it aside several times, - not because it was a fundamentally troublesome build, but because I hit one or two segments that needed a bit of thought and planning. Italeri's moulding is not in the top class (in this case at least) as some filler is needed, and the mismatched panel lines and repairs needed to the rivet detail is a pain. The kit is well detailed however, and Italeri are to be congratulated for tackling an unusual type. The glasshouse nose means that the Eduard etched set makes a real difference. Recommended for its novelty, but be prepared for some work.

The main airframe ready for paint, note the heavy -duty sponge to fill the doorways

Starting painting with the basic blue, not really visible here on the lower surfaces

The blue gradually fades towards the top of the fuselage

There's some nice detail on the rotor heads, brought out by a black wash

Finished model, the paintwork is distressed by overlays of Buff and blue, and loads of antennae added

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Su-33 Sea Flanker By Kittī Tatsumaki Fishbone Inc.

of ordnance and best of all you now have the option of building the wings and tails in various configurations. During test fitting I am delighted to say everything was very well engineered.

Kit No: 01667 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Trumpeter Pocketbond/Stevens International

T

he very first thing that comes to my mind when I look at Russian jets is that they are big and heavy. But when it comes to their actual performance, I am blown away! So the same misconception happened when I was building scale models. Russian jet models were the last thing on my mind, that is until a beautiful SU-33 popped into my social feed and it was love at first sight. And so, ladies

and gentlemen, I present to you my latest build, which is the 1/72 SU-33 Flanker-D, made by Trumpeter in 2015. Their quality on the range of Sukhoi jets assures perfect fit and amazing details every time. I have built many variants of the SU-30MKK and thoroughly enjoyed them. My copy of the Flanker D is a new tooling and it shows. Opening the box, I was greeted by sixteen finely detailed light grey sprues, including the single piece fuselage, and the clear canopy. Trumpeter have also included a photo etch fret along with a set of very interesting decals. The kit also give you a generous selection

Before I started to work on my model I formulated a plan. My Su-33 would employ the Red 80 markings, which depicts the 2 Fighter Squadron from 279 Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment RNS Admiral Kuznetsov. The plane’s wings would be built unfolded but with the flaps down. Lastly, I would be using Dream Model’s photo etched parts to further enhance it. I love their precoloured etch parts, which fit snugly into the cockpit. Like many other models, I started with the cockpit and moved on from there. The cockpit is a single tub with moulded details to which I gave a quick coat of Tamiya XF-1 Flat Black. The Dream Model etched parts are awesome and I did not need

middle. This would be daunting prospect for beginners but with a few kits under the belt it’s just a simple matter of careful progressive polishing with different grades of Tamiya polishing compound. Start with the coarse grade, which removes most of the seam line and smooths the surface, then move on to the medium grade, which takes the smoothness a step further. Finally, turn to the fine grade, which polishes the surface to a very fine sheen. After this I lightly sprayed the part with Gunze 048 Clear Yellow as I discovered that some SU-33s have this tint on their canopies. After masking the item, I used some Blu-Tack to fix it temporarily to the fuselage so that it won’t fall off during painting. For the Su-33’s nose area I needed to add some weight, which was only vaguely mentioned in the instruction manual. If I had skipped this step, the model would be off balance. I had to keep adding fishing weights one by one until the model stopped doing wheelies. To keep them from rolling all over the place inside, I used a three second glue to seal them in. For the nozzles I used Dream Model’s etched parts, which offer more detail and it took me four hours just to complete them. I detailed the landing gear with

some cabling and hoses using a combination of copper wires and thin plastic tubes so that it looks more realistic.

to remove much plastic to fit them in. As for the clear canopy, sadly there is a very noticeable seam line in the

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After I had assembled most of the parts, I primed the Su-33 with Mr. Surfacer 1500 Grey. I followed up with a fine grit sponge to sand down the model to remove any particles from the surface. This is very important for me as I live in a humid country, which greatly affects my airbrushing results. Once the surface was free from any blemish, I started off the actual colouring stage by spraying a layer of GAIA 032 Ultimate Black as the first layer for the exhausts. Then I used Gunze 28 Steel, followed by Gunze 8 Silver, Gunze 50 Clear Blue and lastly GAIA 42

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Clear Orange. For the final stage I used Gunze 28 Steel on the panel lines and finalised the whole exhaust with a very diluted mix of Gunze Steel. I used this method to match the exhausts often seen in reference photos. Once the paints were dry I masked them off for the next stage. For the Su-33’s main fuselage, I began by preshading the panel lines with Tamiya XF-63 German Grey instead of pure black. This is because the darker shade might affect the colour saturation of the Su-33’s Russian Navy three colour paint scheme. The compromise is that the German Grey is the lighter shade of the two. For colour fading and preshading, I used Gunze 43 Wooden Brown, Gunze 315 FS16440 and MODO White. For the Russian Navy camouflage, I used Gunze 115 RLM65 Light Blue, Gunze 323 Light Blue and Gunze 72 Intermediate Blue, and with a ratio of 8:2 I managed to preserve some of the previous layer’s preshading. After letting the model dry overnight, I started touching up the smaller details such as white and silver panels, the metallic gun port and areas on the tail fin and wings. When I was satisfied, I sealed the model with Mr. Color GX100 Super Clear III to prepare it for the next stage, decalling. I must say, Trumpeter’s thin decals have very good adhesion and it was quite enjoyable too. I sprayed another coat of Super Clear III to seal them in. This not only made them look more realistic but also protects them during the washing and weathering stage.

the Grey and Blue Camouflage. This enamel based wash is simple to use. After leaving it to dry for half an hour, I cleaned the excess off with a cotton bud. I also used a fine brush to touch up on small details such as navigation lights, pitots and vents. As for weathering and wash, my choice would be AK-013 Rust Streak and AK 2040 Exhaust. With so much choice on the weapons (R-27ER/ET, R-73, R-77, KH-59, KH-35, KH-31 & APK-9) it was tempting but impossible to mount them all at once since there are only twelve hard points on the Su-33. I opted for R-73 x1, R-77 x2, R-27ER Alamo-C x2, R-27ET Alamo-D x2, KH-31 Krypton x2, KH-59 Ovod x2 and ECM pod x1. When all this was done, I gave the Su-33 a matt topcoat. Last but not least, after removing the canopy’s masking I polished it again with Tamiya Fine polishing compound and cleaned both sides of the clear plastic with an antistatic window cleaner for a crystal clear finish. Once I attach the landing gears to the model, my Su-33 FlankerD Red 80 was complete!

For panel lining I used AK2072 Panel Liner for

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S h o w W

Scottish National Scale Model Show 2017

hat began as the IPMS Scottish Nationals and is now the Scottish National Scale Model Show was held at the Dewars Centre in Perth over the weekend of 29-30th April 2017. The shows that were squeezed into the very much smaller Albert Hall in Stirling some twenty years ago initially found much needed breathing space upon the move to the Perth with several times the floor space, although this has gradually filled over time. Consequently last year the show expanded into a second adjacent exhibition hall, which by this year was also beginning to fill although still with plenty of space to stop and chat and enjoy

Entered in the competition was an intriguing what if 800 Naval Air Squadron Tornado M all the more fascinating being one of the increasing number of exquisitely built many 1/144 entered each year

As someone who has never built, far less rigged, any model biplane in well over fifty years of modelling the Wingnut Wings range absolutely fascinate me and this 1/32 example of a DFW C.V. built out-of-the-box and entered for competition was no exception

R E P o R T By Des Brennan

refreshments away from the busier main hall and upstairs café.

trade and of course to examine their stock first hand.

As always high standards of modelling, whether using the latest cutting-edge kits or those from much earlier periods in our hobby’s history, were on show both from those competing and from exhibitors on club and SIG stands. The event was well attended by trade stalls, which in a part of the country where many modellers depend on mail order, and to which shipping surcharges often apply for even the most basic modelling supplies, gives the opportunity to put faces to many names in the

Scotland has a rich and varied aviation history and this was as always well covered in both competition and display models covering military and civil subjects of all eras. However it did strike me that the current three RAF Typhoon squadrons as the sole military aviation assets currently based here are not such obviously popular subjects as their predecessors were which I wondered might be related to that service’s draw back from the public eye in recent years.

Beautifully finished 1/32 Special Hobby Hawker Tempest Mk III Hi Tech version built out-of-the-box and entered into the competition

For anyone contemplating their own 1/72 scale aircraft carrier only around eleven feet nine inches or three meters sixty centimetres of shelf space is required as was demonstrated by the Dunfermline and District Scale Modellers and their HMS Ark Royal (IV)

Not surprisingly the recently released batch of 1/72 four engined heavies were entered into the competition with (front to back) the Revell Shackleton AEW.2, Airfix Shackleton MR.2 and Airfix Victor B.2 seen here

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I still have not got beyond nervously opening the box and handling the sprues with awe on my example but this is the end result possible with AMK’s state-of-the-art 1/48 MiG-31BSM Foxhound as seen in the competition

To quote a phrase that was used regarding the Shackleton in its final years of active service, old age and treachery will always beat youth and exuberance. This competing Shackleton MR.1 based on the mid 1960s 1/72 FROG kit along with Sanger vacformed conversion parts and some scratch building shows what can be achieved from a past age

Fujimi’s Westland Wasp remains the only injection moulded kit of the type in any scale

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