Vol 39 Issue 06 Sсаle Aircraft Modelling

August 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 06 www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com First and Best for Reference and Scale Eduard’s Friedrich in 1/48 WestlandScou...

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First and Best for Reference and Scale August 2017 • £4.75 Volume 39 • Issue 06

www.scaleaircraftmodelling.com

Westland Scout and Wasp Scale Plans and Profiles

Eduard’s Friedrich in 1/48

Lovely Jungly

Westland Sea King HC.4 Airfix Kit in 1/72

Sea Flanker

Rusian Naval Blues Zvezda’s Su-33 in 1/72

Camohawk

Fifty Years On. Roden’s 1/48 OV-1 Camouflaged

Military & Civil Aviation – Military Weapons & Equipment – Naval Vessels

Phantom Boys Volume 2 More Thrilling Tales from UK and US Operators of the McDonnell Douglas F-4 R Pike Containing further unpublished accounts. Illustrations throughout. HB 184pp £20.00

The End of the Film 64 Years Of Recce Excellence 19532017 P Palavouzis Commemorating 64 years of Recce excellence this book is the story of 348 Squadron. The Squadron ceased operations on the 5th of May and the last remaining Hellenic Recce Phantoms will get their place in history as some of the most beloved jets in aviation. SB 115pp £32.99

Phantom in the Cold War RAF Wildenrath 1977 - 1992 D Gledhill The author who flew the Phantom operationally, recounts the thrills, challenges and consequences of operating this iconic jet. HB 304pp £25.00

AH-64DHA Apache 10 years 2nd Attack Helicopter Battallion I Lekkas The ultimate reference guide featuring hundreds of new and previously published action-packed colour photos in addition to a well documented history of the 2nd Attack Helicopter Battalion. SB 100pp £24.99

Mushroom Lockheed P-38 Lightning Early Versions R Peczkowski The design and development of P-38. Contains a comprehensive walkaround section and diagrams from manuals. HB 140pp £19.00

De Havilland Enterprises. A History G Simons Explores the influences and Milestones of Captain Sir Geoffrey de Havilland’s early years before going on to examine his company. HB 318pp £25.00

X Planes 4. Luftwaffe Emergency Fighters K Forsyth Covers BV P.212, P.1087c, EF 128, P.1101, Ta 183 and HS P.135. Using 3-view illustrations and artwork of each prototype. SB 88pp £12.99

British Secret Projects Jet Fighters Since 1950 Volume 1 Revised Edition T Buttler Revised and redesigned second edition which adds much new material that has come to life. HB 224pp £27.50

Russian Tactical Aviation Since 2001 Y Gordon This book illustrates the current state of the Russian Air Force’s tactical aviation as well as its recent history in various overseas conflicts. HB 270pp £34.95

Samourai Sur PorteAvions Tome I and II M Ledet FRENCH TEXT ONLY. Revised and expanded, now available as two volumes and offering a comprehensive coverage of the Imperial Japanese Navy carrier air groups from 1922-1944 with a plethora of photos, maps and profiles. HB 350pp £55 each

Russian Combat Aviation and Aerospace Defence M Alexander This mammoth reference book written in collaboration with a new division of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation introduces the most advanced weaponry and military equipment into service of the Russian Aerospace Forces. Hundreds of colour photos. HB 640pp £120.00

Australian Submarines A History (Two Volume Set) M White This two volume set covers the Australian submarine history from the first Government policy debates in 1910 through all the classes of submarine and the people who served in them up to present day. HB 1815pp £90.00

Battle of Britain Combat Archive 5: 16-18th August 1940 S Parry This volume covers just three days, 16th, 17th and 18th August 1940 but the former and the latter were two of the most significant days of the Battle, covering the death of Billy Fiske and much more. SB 128pp £25.00

Bomber Command Battle of Berlin Failed to Return S Bond Brings together acclaimed Bomber Command historians to tell the story of some of the thousands of airmen who failed to return from operations as part of the 1943144 Bomber Command Battle of Berlin. HB 128pp £25.00

Storm of Eagles The Greatest Aviation Photographs of Latin America at World War II J Dibbs War The 100 Hour Published in associaWar The Conflict tion with the National between Honduras Museum of World War and El Salvador in II Aviation this book July 1969 brings together classic M Overall as well as neverThis book explores the before-seen wartime actions undertaken by images from one of both countries in the the leading aviation air and on the ground photographers in the during this short but world. Colour photos intense confrontation. throughout. SB 104pp £25.00 HB 248pp £25.00

Wave-Off A History of LSOs and ShipBoard Landings R Powell Tells the story of LSOs from the first carrier operations in 1922 through World War II, the early jet era, Korea, Vietnam, and up to today’s nuclearpowered leviathans. HB 188pp £23.95

V Force Boys All New Reminiscences by Air and Ground Crews Associated with the V Force Aircraft Defending the UK in the Cold War T Blackman Contains a fascinating collection of previously unpublished stories. HB 200pp £20.00

Drone Strike UCAVs and Unmanned Aerial Warfare in the 21st Aviation Records in Century B Yenne the Jet Age A continuation from W Flanagan Birds of Prey, this The planes and book looks at both technologies behind technology and the breakthrough. This battlefield doctrine book tells the story of that have evolved and famous record-break- provides a detailed ing flights throughout look inside the present history focusing on the and future of robotic years following WWII. aerial warfare. HB 160pp £21.95 HB 160pp £23.95

Slybirds A Photgraphic Odyssey of the Looking Down the 353rd Fighter Group Corridors Allied during the Second Aerial Espionage World War G Cross Over East Germany This book focuses and Berlin, 1945-1990 on the aircraft, pilots, P Jefferies The story ground crew and of some of the most service personnel of audacious and 8th Fighter Command. successful intelligence A full honour roll to collection operations those who made the of the Cold War. ultimate sacrifice. SB 224pp £16.99 HB 216pp £29.95

Combat Aircraft 119 Nakajima B5N Kate and B6N Jill Units T Holmes Looks at the history of the Kate and Jill torpedo/attack bombers, including their design and development, as well as the combat highs and lows. SB 96pp £13.99

Images of War StarSpangled Spitfires T Holmes Chronicles the combat operations of the USAAF units equipped with the iconic Supermarine fighter whilst employed in both the European and Mediterranean theatres of war. SB 100pp £14.99

Haynes Owners Workshop Manual Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum Manual 1981 To Present D Baker Colour/B&W photos throughout. HB 160pp £22.99

Sepecat Jaguar Almost Extinct P Foster This book is a colour pictorial The Avro Arrow The tribute that looks at Story of the Great the final days of the Canadian Cold War Sepecat Jaguar which Combat Jet - in was retired by France Pictures and and the UK in 2005 Documents L Miller and 2007 respectively. 200 colour/B&W photos. 114 colour illutrations. HB 112pp £19.95 SB 120pp £19.99

The Women Who Flew for Hitler The True Story of Hitler’s Valkyries C Mulley Story of two women who fought convention. HB 496pp £20.00

LOS! 32 Le Magazine de la Guerre Navele, Aeronavale et SousMarine Tirpitz vs Bismarck FRENCH TEXT. Lavishly illustrated. SB 82pp £6.99

The Second World War in Colour I Carter A selection of colour photos taken from extensive collections from the Imperial War Museum. SB 118pp £14.99

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Aces High Magazine 10 Eastern Front Modelling aircraft that fought on the Eastern front including HS 129, B-2, Mig-3, Ju 88A, Tu-2 and more. SB 82pp £8.99

Avions Hors-Serie 45 Les Pertes des Messerschmitt ME 262 FRENCH TEXT. Lavishly illustrated, Me 262 Losses. Lists aircraft, crew and more. SB 127pp £16.50

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M O H AW K

Grumman OV-1B Mohawk Kit No: 410 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Roden Pocketbond/Squadron

Fifty Years from Inspiration to Realisation The Grumman OV-1 Mohawk’s Venture Into Camouflage By Des Brennan

H Cockpit rear bulkhead part at left with locating holes for centre console and fire extinguisher, self-adhesive metal foil cut to shape in centre, and the same to right with rough quilting pattern embossed using a pencil and cut-out for centre console

ave you ever read some mention of an obscure project and wondered what it might have looked like or, more intriguingly, seen a photograph of some unexplained colour scheme or modification and wondered what it was all about? For me an example of a strong backstory with no photographic evidence is epitomised by the Convair B-58 Hustler and the rumoured camouflage applied during Project Bullseye in 1967 to assess suitability for operations over South East Asia. Conversely, an example of definite photographic evidence but little or no explanation is illustrated by a magazine article, first read over fifty years ago, showing two images of a camouflaged Grumman OV-1B Mohawk.

Introducing the Camohawk

Cockpit assembly with Roden parts in grey, additional scrap plastic detail in white and cable runs in jewellery wire. Lying separately are the scrap plastic and coiled wire wander lights, which will later be attached to the wind shield brow console

Martin-Baker Mk J5 ejection seat with, from left to right, front view of kit parts with seat pan handle emphasised with plastic card, rear view with rocket motor added from scrap sprue, front view of painted seat with added painted foil straps, and rear view with added sprue rocket motor and seat oxygen supply bottle

For those of a certain age Flying Review International possibly evokes fond memories of providing what we then considered cutting edge aviation publishing with the bonus of W.R. Matthews’ modelling column and their reviews and colour profiles that set a particularly British stamp and style on the hobby that continues today in dedicated modelling magazines such as Scale Aircraft Modelling. As a thirteen year old I found the March 1966 issue to be especially enthralling because of the unattributed heavily illustrated article reporting the gradual return of camouflage in the United States and Europe including three view colour camouflage artwork for USAF jets operating over Vietnam. But it also unforgettably included two uncredited black and white images of a seemingly freshly painted Grumman OV-1B Mohawk, with a very badly worn SLAR (Side Looking Airborne Radar) Pod, captioned ‘this US Army Grumman OV-1B Mohawk photographed in Japan recently has been finished in the new tactical colours of tan and two tone green. In this case however the undersurface grey appears to have been incorporated in the camouflage scheme also’. Despite being in black and white it seemed apparent that the images were of a three and not a four tone camouflage scheme as implied by the caption and as the general nature of the article referred to events in Vietnam I jumped rather erroneously as it eventually turned out to the conclusion that this applied to the OV-1 as well. It would be another year or so before Hasegawa released their 1/72 kit, which to me then was only available through an awkward

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and expensive mail order purchase at a time when mail order meant exactly that and came at a cost equivalent to several Airfix kits, so the idea was put aside to become the first entry on my nascent to do list. Eventually I did buy one of the kits but was so underwhelmed by it that it remains part built and inhabited by spiders in the loft many decades and many house moves later. Oddly I was uncharacteristically sensible enough, on that occasion at least, to realise that more information and a more useable kit might be helpful. In the decades following and despite the vast amounts of esoteric South East Asia war material published by the likes of Squadron Signal, Arms & Armour Press, AIRTime, Airlife, Osprey and many others I only ever discovered one other somewhat contrary print reference. This had been in a centre section double page Warpaint feature from a 1974 issue of the tabloid style and newsprint quality Aviation News, which included a rather vague and grainy image of a SLAR pod-less Mohawk in flight captioned ‘Mystery ship, one of several OV-1Ds of the US Army seen in Vietnam and Japan which have a three tone green camouflage’. This was accompanied by a black and white tone side view drawing without colour key but captioned ‘OV-1D Mohawk having no national markings or unit identification has an overall dark green, olive green and light green camouflage scheme. Little is known about this aircraft except that it served in SE Asia, possibly Vietnam, in company with similarly marked Bird Dogs, Beavers and Chinooks’. With references to this aircraft being an OV-1D, albeit minus SLAR Pod, a variant that first flew in 1969, this was either something completely different from the aircraft shown in Flying Review back in 1966 or it was incorrect. Additionally I had and have not since come across anything that supports the claim made regarding the other aircraft types mentioned. Notwithstanding this perhaps contrary information available references show that some US Army UH-1B helicopter gunships operating in Vietnam during 1966 did wear grey and two tone green colours. Likewise these colours were incorporated into the multi tone camouflage worn by the US Air Force NC-123K Black Spot aircraft, which were converted during 1966, delivered in 1967 and perhaps significantly operated initially on night-time anti-infiltration patrols over Korea during 1968 before beginning operations later in that year over the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

M O H AW K Time to Reconsider at Leisure The release by Roden of their 1/48 OV-1B Mohawk in 2008 eventually provided a still leisurely impetus to see if further information had come to light. This led in time to making contact with the OV-1 Mohawk Association and while none of the members had any direct knowledge of the matter in question their responses were very helpful. These explained that different batches of paint along with damage repairs, operating and climatic conditions gave some operational aircraft a definitely blotchy appearance but nothing resembling the hard edged and newly applied camouflage pattern from the Flying Review images. The suggestion was also made, as it turned out quite correctly, that if the images were taken in Japan this more likely meant that the aircraft were based there or in Korea rather than Vietnam. Then one of the members, Keith Towler, forwarded a colour image of OV-1B 592621 alongside an unidentified OV-1A both in the camouflage colours shown in Flying Review but with very definite areas of Light Grey rather than the Tan mentioned there. The unusual pattern of wear on the SLAR Pod pointed to it being the same aircraft while the presence of a similarly coloured OV-1A explained the grainy Aviation News image. Sadly however, nothing further was known then or has been discovered since by Keith concerning either the provenance of the image or the reason for the camouflage. In our correspondence Keith had coined the name Camohawk to describe the camouflaged aircraft and with his permission I have continued to do so here. Previous Internet searches had been unsuccessful but with the now legible serial number as a search term two images were found on a Japanese aviation website (GoNavy.jp) that helped to clarify some more of the apparent contradictions between the two print references. First impressions of these images seem to show the Camohawk in the three tone green camouflage scheme as described by Aviation News. However closer consideration of increasingly obvious colour miscues suggests that these are products of the film stock or processing used having exaggerated the colours and that the lightest green areas are consistent with those shown as light grey in Keith’s image and described as tan in Flying Review. The captions for both Internet images described them as having been taken in Japan, dated as late as November 1967 and list the operator as being 2 Aerial Surveillance and Target Acquisition (ASTA) Platoon. Other OV-1 aircraft from the same unit around that time are shown as being in the standard overall olive drab colour scheme. Further Internet searches revealed that during the period in question there was a 2 ASTA Platoon operating the OV-1 from Yoido near Seoul in South Korea as part of 3 Military Intelligence Battalion (Aerial Exploitation) of the United States Eighth Army but unfortunately the trail goes cold at that point with no explanation available for the unusual colour scheme. Grumman OV-1B Mohawk Build No. 1B, serial 59-2621, was the first of the initial batch of seventeen of the variant from a total of one hundred and one built between August 1960 and May 1966. Originally designated AO-1BF until the introduction of the unified tri-service designation system in 1962 it was essentially an AO-1AF (OV-1A) adapted to operate the AN/APS-94 SLAR carried in an 18ft (5.49m) pod mounted off the lower starboard fuselage. This first production block initially retained many A Model features such as leading edge slats, dive brakes, multiple weapons pylons and short span wing, but as later production changes were made they followed suit and such features were

deactivated, all but two of the wing pylons were removed and the wing lengthened. As the first of type the aircraft not surprisingly featured in many publicity photographs during its early service painted in the then standard glossy overall Olive Drab and bedecked in full size, full colour national markings and titles. 59-2621 entered service in September 1960 and was withdrawn in May 1972 having spent at least (from available photo captions) the period from early 1966 until late 1967 in this unexplained and unique camouflage scheme along with the unidentified OV-1A already mentioned.

Completed and painted cockpit assembly with ejection seats in place

Building Eventually Commences On the basis of the information described above work could begin on modelling the Camohawk using the Roden 1/48 OV-1B Mohawk kit essentially built from the box other than some detail added from scratch, mainly to the already quite comprehensive cockpit area. The typical rear bulkhead quilting of the original was added by embossing a pattern on 50mm wide self-adhesive foil tape sold by the Lidl supermarket chain in the UK and Europe. Using the Squadron Signal OV-1 Walkround book as a reference some changes were made to the kit supplied parts as well as adding some additional detail to the supplied parts using scrap plastic and jewellery craft materials as required. The circuit breaker panel is supplied to fit the central overhead console as carried on the OV-1D but for the OV-1B this was fitted on the rear bulkhead requiring a little surgery to the kit part. Thereafter plastic card and fine beading wire were used to add ejection seat launch rail support brackets and cable runs respectively to the bulkhead itself along with a mounting bracket for the fire extinguisher part supplied. The bulkhead lights located either side of the central overhead console were added from scrap as were some additional boxes and flight reference card holders to the console itself. A gust lock control lever, again from scrap, was added to the throttle quadrant on the centre console, which was itself extended to include instrument panel support struts with lightening holes drilled in them while some raised panel detail was added to the cockpit floor. Air conditioning units from scrap plastic along with ribbed hoses from 1/35 AFV towing cable were fitted forward in the cockpit area of each fuselage half while the moulded in supports for the rear bulkhead were shaved off and refitted slightly aft to allow the completed cockpit to sit flush. The instrument panel, oxygen regulator and SLAR control unit were nicely rendered with only a cable conduit from scrap needing to be added to the side of the latter. The multi part Martin-Baker Mk J5 ejection seats are nicely rendered but required strap detail for which selfadhesive aluminium tape was used. The seat pan firing handle is moulded integrally but emphasised more clearly using a thin strip of scrap plastic, a length of sprue provided the seat back rocket motor while a rounded off section of the same created the attached oxygen bottle. Various finely moulded detail parts such as aerials and air intakes are included in the kit although from the available images it would appear that few of the aerials provided were carried by the subject. Most of those that were are intended to be fixed to very small moulded pips on the fuselage halves and while this worked well for smaller parts I had my doubts about this arrangement providing sufficient purchase for the SLAR Pod. Therefore I removed the pips, drilled through the fuselage side and superglued lengths of metal paper-clip in their place to provide a more robust joint. More of the same were also used as fixing posts for the tail to dorsal fuselage High Frequency (HF) wire aerials,

Kit supplied sidewall detail and canopy release handle along with air conditioning unit from scrap plastic and 1/35 AFV towing rope as corrugated hose. The instrument panel along with the SLAR Control and Oxygen Regulator assembly sitting on the adjacent paint tin are as supplied with only the cable conduit to the right added from scrap

Kit supplied four part cockpit canopy in clear along with the wind shield brow console in grey

Completed and painted cockpit canopy parts with wind shield brow console in place with scrap plastic and coiled wire cockpit wander lights attached, permanent marker coloured clear food container plastic sliding sun shields attached to the roof part, metal pins installed and corresponding wind shield cut-outs made to fit side access hatches in the open position. The protrusions on the roof part and corresponding indents on the upper frames of the hatches are for locking latches not hinges

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M O H AW K

the wire aerial array under the port tailplane and the Automatic Direction Finder (ADF) wire aerial arrangement along the rear port lower fuselage. These were all strung with EZ Line in my first experience of using that material and this was extremely easy to use and might even encourage me to try my first biplane in due course. Lengths of Tiger Tail braided jewellery wire set into short and shallow razor saw cuts were used for the Static Discharge Wicks along the trailing edges of wings, tailplanes and fins while the recess for the underwing landing light was drilled out and filled by a faceted craft mirror disc to simulate the light. The four part clear cockpit canopy has separate side windows/entry hatches, which although not indicated in the instructions can be posed open. However the two protrusions on either side of the roof part are not the hinges but are locking latches to secure the side hatches in place when closed, while the actual pivots are in the upright frames slightly below. To model these I used a razor saw to cut slight notches into the side window uprights, which were then expanded using the edge of a fine drill to fit short lengths of metal paper-clip as pivots, which in turn secured the window into similar cuts in the wind shield upright and cockpit rear bulkhead edge, which would later be filled and restored to shape. Prior to supergluing these metal pieces in place the clear parts had been dipped in Klear to prevent the cyanoacrylate causing any fogging. The sliding sun shield panels in the cockpit roof were created by using sections of clear food packaging (after eating the iced cinnamon bun that selflessly sacrificed itself to provide this) coloured with permanent marker. The brow console was fitted as supplied but with the closed ends cut away to provide a location for the Cockpit Wander Lights made from thin plastic rod and coiled fine beading wire.

Painting and Decorating When it came to painting the Camohawk, Keith’s image challenged the caption of the Flying Review images in the sense that it showed grey supplanting rather than supplementing tan. I did consider that the grey areas could have been prematurely faded poorer quality Tan paint as seen on some USAF F-4 Phantoms operating in South East Asia around that time. However the general freshness of the scheme, along with the evenness of the covering in all areas in the earliest of the images, argued against this. Also the GoNavy images, despite rendering the grey as pale green, did so consistently although they were by then showing some general evidence of wear. Taking all of the available images together there seemed no doubt that the camouflage

pattern extended around the fuselage and engine nacelles but the undersides of the wing and tailplane surfaces remained in a single different green. It could also be clearly seen from both Keith’s and the Internet images that the large yellow U.S. ARMY logo associated with the aircraft’s early years of service was still carried, suggesting that the original olive drab colour scheme had been retained in these areas. While the airframe paintwork was in very good condition when first seen in the Flying Review images, those on the GoNavy website taken at least eighteen months later were not quite so pristine and all show the SLAR Pod unusually to be very worn and faded with large areas of exposed fibreglass and primer showing through. To achieve the same effect the pod was painted an overall fibreglass tan colour before dry brushing around the nose and forward area with Chromate Yellow Primer and then repeating the same with thinned black graduating into a full covering further back along the pod. Available photographic evidence showed that full colour safety markings were carried and the over fuselage and wing walkway markings were set out as areas of solid matt black rather than being outlined by black lines as per the kit decal options. Most of the few images show that the propeller blades were natural metal with a black cuff except the latest dated November 1967 on the GoNavy site, which revealed the port propeller to have been replaced by a unit with black blades which I copied. On the basis of my assessment of the images described I decided to paint the fuselage and engine nacelles in a wraparound camouflage scheme carried on over the upper surfaces of the wings and tail using Humbrol paints in a three tone camouflage of FS34079 Dark Green (116)/FS34102, Green Olive Drab (117)/FS36622 and Under Surface Grey (28) with the undersides of the wings and tailplanes in FS34087 Olive Drab (155). The images available provided a camouflage pattern for most of the aircraft with only a little artistic licence needed for some areas of the upper wing and tailplane for which the completed model was brush painted, and with no obvious panel lines in any of the available images soft pencil was used solely to highlight the control surfaces. For the various greens I used the Humbrol acrylic options, but quite unusually for Humbrol I felt that they did not mix especially well nor apply evenly despite lengthy stirring, and even after several coats dried with a slightly patchy appearance, which quite accidentally suited the worn November 1967 appearance of the aircraft. Metallic and detail painting was done using Citadel/Games Workshop acrylics. All of the available images also seemed to show that the underwing drop tanks were in a slightly different

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shade of green from those used on the airframe, so for this I used Humbrol (86) Matt Light Olive. Thereafter it was a case of using Klear to provide a glossy surface for decalling after which a mix of the same and Tamiya Flat Base X-21 provided the vaguely satin finish of the original with a matt mix of the same being used as appropriate for walkways etc. The kit decals were used as far as possible with the underwing U.S. ARMY logo from the earlier Roden YOV-1/OV-1A kit decal sheet kindly supplied by the company and the tail serial composed from a generic sheet.

Afterthoughts and References Inspired by information from an old magazine, which like myself is now becoming increasingly ragged around the edges, along with a touch of artistic licence and perhaps a little self-serving photo interpretation this was my representation of the Camohawk and completes a project that has been simmering away gently for the past half century. Regrettably I am unable to include any of the images of the real 59-2621 as copyright to those which have appeared in print loiters somewhere in the convoluted machinations of some fifty years of magazine takeovers and relaunches. The source of that shared by Keith Towler remains unknown and no reply was received to a request made to GoNavy.jp. However if anyone has images that are theirs to share with the world or can throw any further light on the subject I am sure that the editor would be delighted to print a postscript to this article. Now... I have this small, grainy, postage stamp sized black and white image of an Israeli Noratlas fitted with an Air-to-Air Refuelling Hose Drum Unit in the open rear freight compartment trailing a drogue for a probe equipped Sikorsky S-65 helicopter that I would love to know more about...

References www.gonavy.jp/bbs2-ov1f.html OV-1 Mohawk Walk Around No.48 by Ken Neubeck, Squadron Signal Publications Grumman OV-1 Mohawk Variant Briefing by Tom Kaminski in International Air Power Review Volume 7, AIRtime Publishing Hard-to-see Warpaint, writer unknown, Flying Review International, March 1966 Volume 21 Issue 7, Purnell and Sons Warpaint Grumman OV-1 Mohawk, writer unknown, Aviation News, February 1974 Volume 2 Issue 19, Alan W. Hall Publications

E D I TO R I A L

THIS MONTH’S FEATURES: 4.

Camohawk The Grumman OV-1 Mohawk’s

4

Venture Into Camouflage By Des Brennan

20.

Balilla Ansaldo’s Little Boy

20

By Dave Hooper

24.

Jungly Westland Sea King HC.4

24

By Keith Peckovert

32.

High Planes Round-up Modelling the Canberra in 1/72r By Tim Skeet

32 36.

Sea Flanker Zvezda’s Su-33 By Rick Greenwood

36 39.

Aircraft in Profile Westland Scout and Wasp Part Two By Richard Mason

39

With Colour Profiles by Mark Rolfe

52.

Colour Conundrum Another Malta Story Part One

52

By Paul Lucas With Artwork by Mark Rolfe

A

nother packed issue this month in which my biggest problem has been how to fit it all in and what to leave out. The Reviews Team is providing me with a lot of first class material and the pool of contributors now offering articles from all over the world means the stockpile is growing and I am spoiled for choice. One piece that has really grabbed me this month is Yoav Efrati’s blow-by-blow account of his F.35 build. The 1/32 Italeri kit is an impressive tooling but it does repay a little care and attention, and Yoav highlights issues along the way in a series of easy to follow steps that will be of enormous help to any modeller tackling the kit. Part one covers all the initial stages up until just prior to closing the fuselage and part two will follow as soon as we get our hands on the Eduard etch for the cockpit. Des Brennan has finally completed his Camohawk, a piece of detective work that has been some fifty years in preparation. It’s an excellent piece, with all the detail and application we have come to associate with his work and I am very pleased to have it at last. If anyone has images or further information on the subject, especially pictures we can print, then do please drip us a line. Elsewhere we have Paul Lucas making a very welcome return to the vexed question of Spitfire colours on the Malta ferry undertakings. This looks into the matter from some new angles and makes for a very interesting read. I must ask him to poke a stick into the matter of Olive Drab some time. It’s a while since we entertained an argument about that one... Tim Skeet presents 1/72 Canberras, Keith Peckover presents a beautiful rendition of the Airfix HC.4, Huw Morgan has scaled down the Attacker, Rick Greenwood and Andy McCabe continue to turn out a dozen excellent finished models to my one and on top of this we have Dave Hooper’s 1/32 Balilla at last. So much excellence in fact that I have been reciting an endless mantra as I contemplate their works: ‘Must try harder,’ I tell myself. ‘Must try harder.’

By Gary Hatcher Editor

60.

60

Adir

Distributed to the UK and International news trade by

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Israeli’s First Lightning Part One

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By Yoav Efrati Subs-Section: Early Tornado by Gary Hatcher, Scratch Built Pfalz by Sergio Bellomo and Sub-Cutaneous by Paul Lucas

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AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 06

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NEWS BY SORGE

Sorge reports to our Facebook page

It will not have escaped readers’ notice that we have been playing down the News-related sections of the magazine in the acceptance that with the best will in the World we cannot hope to compete in print with the Internet in this respect. Rather than trying to sell you dozens of pages of material that you probably read on a website three weeks ago we have been concentrating on including less timesensitive material, and while we accept there are some readers who do not spend their lives on their computers we are satisfied that this is a better use of page space. Of course we will continue to run items that we regard as

relevant and of interest, but the days when it was appropriate to base an entire editorial policy around being ‘first with the news’ are past… In print at least. But SAM has been laying the ground for a comprehensive interaction with the Internet for years, and our Facebook page is currently one of the most active and wellrespected in the industry. Moving forward we aim to continue keeping the greater part of our readership informed on new releases through the Facebook medium and with this in mind we have asked our Newsman Richard Sorge to take responsibility for reposting press releases

and bulletins, as well as scouring the Web for news of products and kits. Sorge reports will be posted frequently and regularly and shared with our Facebook readership – this weeks statistics show over 77,000 posts reached. In the meantime, to ensure your item gets the maximum coverage it deserves email news updates and images of anything – from a new resin NACA duct in 1/144 to a 1/32 Fairey Gannet - to my colleague Mr Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett, who hasn’t nearly enough to do and will pass the material on to Sorge for wider usage. Send all material to: [email protected] full colour as is customary now from this source.

and flash. The make or break of a fabric covered aircraft model is the representation of the fabric, stitching and rib tapes. Eduard have these details just about perfect. I have had the opportunity to examine two SE.5a replicas and I must say that the results in this scale are as good as anyone should expect. This is not to say that some simplifications have not been made and a talented modeller could improve what’s here but what you get is very good. One sprue of clear parts includes windscreens and pulley inspection panels, and one stainless steel etched fret contains coloured instruments, panel and harnesses, plus levers, frames and other details. Next is a Brassin resin set of the Vickers and Lewis guns plus their mounts and magazines. This set is available as an accessory for the other SE.5a kits and includes a brass PE fret with cocking handles, sighting rings and more.

A ROYAL TREAT Eduard’s Latest Contender By Bill Bunting Scale: 1/48 Kit No: R0015 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Eduard www.eduard.com Eduard released their all-new SE.5a kit earlier this year and now the Royal Class kit has been developed. The presentation begins with a sturdy burgundy coloured box with a simple outlined sketch of a SE.5a in gold ink. Inside the parts are packed in separate plastic bags with some bubble wrap to protect everything. Two SE.5as may be built from the contents with either Hispano Suiza or Wolseley Viper engines. All injected parts are on two sprues. Engines, radiators, two types of two blade propellers and one four blade allow a variety of versions to be created. The quality of the mouldings is first rate with very fine details and only the slightest traces of moulding lines

There is a colour assembly booklet and two colour A3 sized sheets with marking and painting guides and stencilling locations. The compact decal sheet is loaded with nicely printed decals. Two colour options are supplied on the decal sheet: • Boeing B-17G-65-BO Flying Fortress, 43-37521 Skyway Chariot, 351st Bomb Squadron, 100th Bomb Group, Eighth Air Force, USAAF, RAF Thorpe Abbotts, Norfolk, March 1945. • Boeing B-17G-75-BO, 43-37-993 Mah Ideel, 324th Bomb Squadron, 91st Bomb Group, Eighth Air Force, USAAF, RAF Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire, early 1945. This looks like a very nicely detailed model of the B-17 from Airfix and radically different from their earlier tooling.

Unique to this Royal boxing is a single set of resin extended mufflers and a single brass PE fret with parts to make flares to build a night fighting SE.5a, C1803. Also included on the fret are pennants, however, they will take some careful work to look realistic draped on a parked model. The Cartograph decal sheet is perfectly printed and covers thirteen options. The instruction book indicates assembly and includes all of the upgraded parts in the appropriate steps. Finally we come to the special gift that each Royal Class kit brings. In this case it’s a stainless steel flask etched with a set of RFC wings and a Victoria Cross medal on the front and Eduard on the back. This is a typically comprehensive package in the Royal Class tradition - multiple kits with masks, PE, resin sets along with some unique upgrade parts, a huge decal sheet and a nice gift. I can’t wait to get stuck into building two of the Canadian options and that flask might come in handy. Winter is coming.

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AIRFIX Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress By Andy McCabe Scale: 1/72 Kit No: Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Airfix www.airfix.com This is a new release from the recent tooling and right from the start the quality is very impressive with the sprues containing a massive amount of highly detailed injection moulded plastic parts. Paint numbers are, as usual, for Humbrol and the instructions are in

RODEN At last! The new 1/144 kit so many have been waiting for. Roden’s C-5 Galaxy, kit #330, will be released imminently. The first boxing will be a C-5B. Pocketbond/Squadron

GASPATCH One key release we have been looking out for is now available and shipping – the new Henschel Hs 123 from Gaspatch. This new tool 1/48 kit is a long-overdue update on the venerable Esci tooling and includes all you need in the box to produce a stunning model in the scale. Like all Gaspatch products attention to detail is painstaking and we look forward to presenting a full build in due course. Available

EDUARD Bunny Fighter Club The Editorial bars have been rattled on certain issue of colour this month and he has been reminded about how no one can really be certain whether or not the Hs 123 had a 70/71 splinter or not. There

are three opinions on the matter – ‘Yes of course it did’, ‘no it didn’t and you can’t prove it’ and ‘Who cares I make Spitfires’. Wishing he belonged to this latter faction the Editor has been dashing off frantic mails to people who know something about aeroplanes and hopes he will have a definite

answer on the matter next month. In the meantime he is consoling himself with an Eduard Hellcat… Not a member of the Bfc yet? Joining up will get you a 15% Permanent Club discount at Eduard’s Store, unique valuable Club kits and accessories, even better prices at Eduard events

in both A-1 and B-1 boxings, anyone who saw the preproduction shots built up at Telford last year will be aware that it is a quality product. A set of paint masks for the RLM 61/62/63/65 scheme is available separately priced €10.50. The kit can be viewed and ordered online at www.gaspatchmodels.com Payment is in paypal only and the price is €45 euros plus shipping – €6 or €8.50 if you want it registered. UK importer is Hannants

stand and a BFC T-shirt with unique design and special barcode (used for event discounts). This exclusive T-shirt will only be available to members of BFC. You also get free entry fee on E-day - check out the website for full details. www.eduard.com/bfc/

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NEWS BY SORGE

MODELS FOR HEROES hInternational Scale Modeller (ISM) organised an auction to raise money for Models for Heroes with donated kits. The auction raised £2000, twice as much as predicted. The money will go towards running therapeutic modelling sessions for ex-servicemen and veterans. Scale modelling is taught as a therapeutic activity to help with mental health illnesses such as PTSD, anxiety and depression. International Scale Modeller is an online forum for all scale modellers from beginners to professionals that discusses all genres and scales. Modellers share techniques, opinions and can display and talk about their hobby at www.intscalemodeller.com Paul Bretland, who ran the live show on youtube, was visibly speechless after the final amount was calculated. Malcolm Childs, founder of Models for Heroes, is delighted with the support shown by ISM, the crew behind the scenes, and the forum modellers who all got behind the auction to raise so much money for our wounded soldiers. ISM raised more money in one night than Models for Heroes have raised themselves since they began.

SCALE AIRCRAFT CONVERSIONS New releases for June 2017: 35004 - 1/35 Mil Mi-8/Mi-17 Hip Landing Gear (Trumpeter) 48329 - 1/48 Su-17 Fitter Landing Gear (Kitty Hawk) 48330 - 1/48 Su-34 Fullback Landing Gear (Hobby Boss) 72141 - 1/72 Su-34 Fullback Landing Gear (Trumpeter) Red stars are shining bright with the releases this month from Scale Aircraft Conversions with a selection of all Russian subjects. All sets feature cast white metal parts that are a direct replacement for the kit plastic parts and require no additional surgery from the modeller. See these and other items in the Scale Aircraft Conversions catalogue at Hannants www.hannants.co.uk or on the SAC website at www.scaleaircraftconversions.com

Q-M-T New products from this Czech source are mainly resin items and masks in 1/32, and one mask in 1/72 for the F-4 Phantom. UK importer is Hannants www.hannants.co.uk

Malcolm Childs can be contacted for more information at [email protected] www.modelsforheroes.co.uk

S&M MODELS Due out for Telford. You all know you need at least two – so get there early…!

SPECIAL HOBBY Super-Duper Tempest By Dominique Jadoul Scale: 1/32 Kit No: 32070 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Epecial Hobby Hannants/Squadron Another Special Hobby ‘Hi- Tech’ Tempest Mk V I hear you say? Well, yes. Following their earlier Hi-Tech release (#32052), we now have what we could call the ‘SuperDuper Hi-Tech’ boxing of this lovely model kit. So what’s the difference?

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NEWS BY SORGE For a start, we have a new – beautiful - box art illustration depicting one of the famed JF-Ecoded aircraft flown by Pierre Closterman. Let’s talk about this for a moment: Pierre, ‘Cloclo’ to his friends and family, flew many Tempest Mk Vs during the later months of World War Two and shortly afterwards, after being awarded the DFC on July 6th, 1944, was sent back to the UK for a rest and only allowed to get back into action over the Northern European front on February 17th, 1945, when he was temporarily given command of 122 Wing then operating from The Netherlands. His first combat flight with a Tempest Mk V dates back to that day, on a machine coded JJ-B. March 2nd saw Cloclo flying with 274 Squadron and claiming his first Tempest victory over a Bf 109 aboard JJ-W (EJ893) three days later. Four more victories followed that month, but on the 24th, he also crashed a Tempest.

a Ju 290, however, hit by the Flak and by Fw 190s, he crashed his aircraft. Cloclo was back in action with 3 Squadron on May 3rd aboard JF-E (SN222), claiming no less than six German aircraft (two of them being shared), bringing his official final tally while flying the Tempest to eighteen kills, six of which were shared. It is this machine, and probably this machine only, that carried the name ‘Le Grand Charles’. From August 3rd until the 27th, when he retired from the RAF, Cloclo flew another JF-E-coded Tempest Mk V (NV724), sporting Lorraine crosses on the radiator and 122 Wing badges on the fin. On the photograph taken on Cloclo’s last day at work for the RAF, it is very hard to say whether the aircraft sported any name or kill markings or not. Personally, I doubt they were painted on this aircraft. NV724 would be written off by another pilot on November 10th, 1945.

On April 2nd, Cloclo was flying with 56 Squadron, claiming a Fw 190D-9 aboard US-G (NV968) on that day, and downing two Bf 109s and a Ju 88 on April 5th aboard US-W (EJ536). On April 20th, Cloclo assumed command of Flight A of 3 Squadron and while flying JF-E (NV994) on the same day, destroyed two Fw 190s and shared

Back to the Special Hobby model now and its Closterman markings. We are given as a colour option Tempest Mk V SN222 coded JF-E, with ‘Le Grand Charles’ on the fuselage and thirty two kill markings (twenty three confirmed, nine probable). The box art illustration shows this aircraft, but without the 122 Wing badges and

twenty eight kills (twenty one confirmed, seven probable), which is almost certainly more accurate for an aircraft used during the very last few days of the conflict in Europe. The thirty two kills are associated with a well-known picture of Closterman in the cockpit of his Tempest, and while we can’t ascertain the identity of the aircraft in question, the one in the background sports the 122 Wing badge on the fin, confirming the picture was taken after VE-Day. Anyway, this ‘Closterman’ affair aside, Special Hobby provides us with four more new colour options - JB-W (EJ750) flown by 122 Wing Commander J.B. Wray during late 1944, JJ-F (EJ762) flown by 274 Squadron’s F/L D.C. Fairbanks in October 1944, 5R-B (SN206) flown by F/O G.A. Rens of 33 Squadron in May 1945 and the overall silver and green-spinnered J5-H (SN330) flown by 3 Squadron’s Sqn/Ldr R.B.Cole in 1946. All markings are printed by Eduard and look thin but glossy, which is an issue for those, like me, who do not like playing with varnishes… Now we come to the meat of this new ‘Hi-Tech’ boxing, the ‘extras’..! This kit contains no less than ninety CMK-designed and produced resin parts, most of which offer a pretty impressive detailed engine, including firewall and separate

cowling panels. It would be a crime either to hide or not to use all this extra resin, and the instruction sheet clearly indicates where and how cuts need to be made in the front fuselage halves. Some of us will still manage to find some cabling and ducting to add to this beautiful rendition of the Sabre engine, but as is, it is truly a magnificent item! Of note, though, is that the new kit only offers the smaller, four-spoked, type of main wheels in resin for late-production machines (which is understandable given the colour options). The other extras are common to the earlier boxing, namely the small PE fret and related HGW Models microfiber seat belts, the masks for the clear parts and acetate film for the gun sight. Do note that it is possible to add even more detail by purchasing additional resin bits from CMK such as strengthened tail wheel and main wheel legs, guns and ammunition belts, pilot (sitting or climbing in) and an upgraded gun sight. If you want to build one of Closterman’s Tempests, some research is advised and some difficult or controversial decisions will need to be taken, but otherwise, there are the other options offered by Special Hobby and more out there from other sources.

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Kit No: 82115 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Eduard www.eduard.com

Peak of Performance Eduard’s Bf 109F-2 ProfiPACK By Huw Morgan

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The etch as used in this build. The larger fret is not provided with the kit but is available separately

Eduard’s cockpit gets some nice rudder pedals and other items from the etched fret prior to painting

here can be very few modellers who haven't built a Messerschmitt Bf109. Probably the most famous and well-known German fighter, it typified the Luftwaffe's early war verve and aggression, fighting on every front and being the mount of most of the Luftwaffe's one hundred aces with more than one hundred kills. The Bf109F Friedrich was the first major evolution of the type, taking account of lessons learned from the earlier models' deployment in the Spanish Civil War and early European campaigns; the Friedrich had a better DB601 engine, stronger and aerodynamically cleaner airframe, and finally made the through spinner cannon armament work. Whilst the consequent deletion of the wing mounted guns made less able pilots complain, the concentration of offensive weapons close to the centreline made the Friedrich the most agile of all the Bf109 variants, and arguably represented the peak of the airframe's performance. Eduard's most recent generation of Bf109 kits have proved themselves to be winners too, being easy to build and having excellent internal and external detail. The F-2 is the latest in the line and naturally has major similarities to the early and late Bf109G versions already released. The kit is presented in the typical ProfiPACK format with four sprues of grey plastic, the two main ones (H and I) being identical to the G kit

Interior parts ready for assembly. The kit provides a decal and a plastic part for the main panel, or the colour etch

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issues and the other two offering the different fuselage halves and wings relevant to the F. Lots of bits for the spares box will be the result. Aside from the plastic there are three photo etched frets, one of them coloured for the cockpit, one of mostly external parts and one with fins and racks for the SC50 bombs, and a set of masks. A single canopy option is included, although the occasionally fitted armour glass windscreen is supplied. There are five schemes offered, all in variants of the RLM 76/74/75 splinter camouflage with mottling on the fuselages, and marked up with forms of yellow Eastern Front markings in 1941/1942: • Hptm. Hans Philipp, CO 1./JG54. Krasnogvardeysk, March 1942 • W.Nr.9553, Oblt. Siegfried Schnell, CO 9./JG2, Theville, June 1942 • Lt Horst Buddenhagen, 5./JG3, DarmstadtGriesheim, April 1941 • W.Nr.9538, Lt. Hans Beißwenger, 6./JG54, Ostrow, July 1942 • Oblt. Wilhelm Hachfeld, 2./JG51, Kiev, summer 1941 In addition to the kit parts, I had Eduard's F-2 exterior update photo etch set (48919), which has some useful parts for the undercarriage and radiator housings. Hachfeld's machine is shown wearing the ETC50 bomb rack whilst that of Buddenhagen is reported as being shot down in June 1941 while on a bombing mission during Operation Barbarossa. I liked the overall yellow nose of Buddenhagen's machine and chose to shift it two months forward in time, and fit it with the ETC50/VIIId rack for this build. Construction is absolutely typical of a modern Eduard kit. Starting with the cockpit, the photo

CZECH OUT etch adds finesse to the detailing of instrument panel, side panels and rudder pedals, although the plastic detail is there in anticipation of Weekend versions. The fuel feed line is cleverly moulded in clear plastic, so the clear viewing segment in the original can be masked before painting the pipe yellow and the belts are the multi part thicker original style, which need careful bending to prevent the colour falling off. The cockpit and fuselage sides were painted with Tamiya XF-63 to represent RLM66 and after detail painting with a mix of Tamiya and Vallejo paints, some chipping was added using a piece of sponge and Vallejo 77.716 semi matt Aluminium. Post shading was added with Tamiya X19 Smoke and a thin Burnt Umber oil wash flowed into the nooks and crannies. Cockpit finished, the fuselage halves can be closed up after fitting the cowling gun troughs, tail wheel and exhausts, the latter again offering the option of versions with moulded glare shields, or etch. The fuselage is finished with the smaller of the two supercharger intake options, tail reinforcing straps (early Bf109Fs had the tail fall off ) and the tail parts. Longitudinal seams on the fuselage need minor clean-up, not forgetting to leave the distinctive depressed seam along the upper spine.

The wing is next, in three parts, with the three piece wheel well inserts added to each side of the one piece lower wing, presumably engineered like this to allow for the circular wells on earlier models. These parts might appear fiddly, but in fact go together superbly and the additional photo etch set adds some extra detail by replacing the plastic leg trough. The wheel wells, radiator apertures and slat housings were painted with Mr Hobby H70 RLM02 at this stage. The leading edge slats can be posed open or closed, but since they were spring loaded, they tended to fall open on parked aircraft. Ailerons are separate, and with some easing of the attachment tabs can be posed deflected. The separate flaps are provided in the deployed position only. Wing and fuselage fit together as you'd expect from Eduard, with no filler being needed, and with the wing on, the under nose oil cooler assembly can be added. The Bf109 had a fairly complicated radiator outlet arrangement, externally appearing like split flaps, but with some added aerodynamic sophistication in the presence of a boundary layer separation slot in the upper segment. The kit's plastic parts aren't able to replicate this, but by virtue of a slightly complex multi

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These inserts for the wheel wells came from the additional fret 48919

Etched brass enhancements for the bombs and rack

More extras from the aftermarket fret were these superb etched main gear door parts

part assembly, the Eduard photo etch brass offers an apparently more accurate option. The upper and lower segments of the radiator outlets were posed at an angle close to that of the flaps, although Eduard's instructions suggest that one could pose the upper segment angled upwards, which would be very rare on the ground, since this part was thermostatically controlled and the engine would have to be running hot! I didn't bother replacing the radiator faces with the etch parts, since when painted dark iron and highlighted with a Prismacolour silver pencil, the plastic parts are entirely adequate for what can be seen. With all the brass assembled, I have to say I'm not wholly convinced about the accuracy of Eduard's proposition, as it looks a little overdone to me, but that could be largely due to my own lack of finesse in brass bending! The kit's undercarriage also benefits from the parts on the Eduard upgrade set, notably the wheel doors, scissor links and, if you prefer, etched brake lines. I find these latter rather two dimensional, and tend to substitute lead wire. The detail on the brass doors is definitely better than the plastic, although it's questionable how many people will be peering under there. The ETC50/VIIId bomb rack gains photo etched bomb mounts, and the plastic bodied SC50 bombs get very nice etched fins. I chose to mount only two of the four bombs supplied, to show off the mounts for the others. It's worth noting that the kit provides a plastic body for a single SC250 bomb, as well as the etched fins for it on the fret provided. I believe also that kit parts I9 and I25-I28 represent the ETC500 rack that was used for this load. I left off the undercarriage and bomb rack to simplify painting. The canopy parts are nice and clear with Eduard masks for the exterior and interestingly for the interior of the rear section, to allow paint to represent the internal framing. It's a shame Eduard don't include masks for the interior of the opening central section, since even if the interior colour is applied to the outside first, it looks unrealistically glossy through the clear plastic. Having masked the outside with the Eduard set, I made my own internal masks from Tamiya tape, painting the inside with XF-63. Painting the airframe isn't too difficult, but as always benefits from a bit of planning. First is Halfords grey primer overall, and white primer on the nose, rudder and spinner as a base for the yellow, followed by a fine preshade using Mr Hobby H77 Tyre Black, at the same time painting the wing root areas. With the wing roots masked, the nose and the other bits were sprayed Mr Hobby H413 yellow, and after masking the nose

Set 48919 also provides parts to super detail the radiator outlet flaps should the modeller wish to go one step beyond

The model assembled and ready to prime

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Mr Hobby H417 can be used for the RLM 76 blue undersides, carrying it up the fuselage and fin sides. Wing upper surfaces and fuselage top get a hard edged RLM 74/75 splinter pattern using Mr Hobby H68 and H69 with a random fine squiggle of RLM 75 on the fuselage sides. To give a bit of tonal variation the ETC50 rack was painted Tamiya XF-23 blue. Preparation for decals is done with a localised coat of Mr Hobby H30 gloss and the Eduard decals are trouble free, handling easily using plain water to position them and settling with MicroSol after wicking away the excess water. The decals were sealed in with a 25:75 mix of H30 (gloss) and H20 (clear flat). The scheme I chose represents the airframe very soon after its transfer from France to the Eastern Front in May 1941 and before Buddenhagen's death in June of that year. It's unlikely that serious wear and tear would have occurred in that time, so weathering was restricted to highlighting some panel lines using a drafting pencil, some minor chipping of the wing root walkways and leading edges and some gun and exhaust residues represented by Tamiya X-19 Smoke. Final details included fitting the trouble free undercarriage, the opened central canopy section the radio aerial and a replacement pitot from Albion Alloys tube and wire.

Conclusion Eduard's Bf109 series currently appears to be unbeatable, with terrific detail, excellent fit and loads of options. Whilst this F-2 isn't perhaps as complex as the G-6, particularly in fuselage detail, it nevertheless fills an obvious gap in the range and is an excellent model in its own right. The ProfiPACK package is typically comprehensive and although the additional external photo etch set is excellent for the undercarriage upgrade, I suspect many might feel that the effort involved in the radiator flaps isn't warranted. It is recommended, just be selective about the brass. Thanks to Eduard for the build sample.

References: The Messerschmitt Bf109 Part 2, Lynn Ritger, SAM Publications Messerschmitt Bf109 in action, Aircraft No. 57, John R Beaman Jr, Squadron Signal Publications The Fighting Me 109, Uwe Feist, Arms and Armour Bf109 Late Versions, Camouflage and Markings, Krzysztof Wotowski, Mushroom Model Publications

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Fly Baby Grunau Baby IIb By Colin ‘Flying’ Pickett

Kit No: 48023 Scale: 1/48 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Fly Models Hannants/UMM-USA

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he Grunau Baby II really is the archetypical, being simple, with a beautiful wing shape that mirrors that of a bird in many ways. So successful was the design that it saw service with many nations long after the end of World War II as a basic training tool, and still continues to be enjoyed by a good many private glider pilots today. There has been a steady stream of injected plastic 1/48 glider kits of late and these are very welcome indeed. Fly’s kit arrives as a pair of beige plastic sprues accompanied by an etched fret for the seat belts and instrument panel, and a small sheet of acetate, which provides the windscreen and instrument dials. As you’d expect for a glider of this era, the cockpit is a basic affair and just required painting to add a wood grain effect. To add a bit more detail I had a trawl through the Internet and found a couple of images of the cockpit sidewall showing some additional bracing, which I added from plastic strip,

though it was a bit of a waste as it really can’t be seen. After I had completed the cockpit construction and touched in the woodwork a little, I set about gluing the fuselage halves together. As these have no locating pins it took a little care, but with the application of some Tamiya thin glue and a little masking tape to hold things in place it closed up with no problem at all and with no need for filler. Indeed the entire model took no time to construct and before long it was time to apply some paint. After a coat of light grey primer to check for any glaring defects I applied a coat of Vallejo Modelair Aged White (71.132) to provide a basic doped linen colour, though I then found the need to depict the wooden structure beneath. This is where Artillery Models saved me a few hours of masking as they produce a vinyl mask set for the kit (artm001), and a worthwhile accessory it is too as it was easy to apply with a pair or forceps and stayed in place for the duration of the painting session without peeling the paint off underneath. The wooden structure was depicted by spraying a light coat of Vallejo Modelair Beige (71.074) before dusting a light coat of the Old White over the top to blend it in a little. I then removed the masks and gave the whole model a coat of gloss varnish to seal it ready for the next paint session. With the mask set removed I then applied new masking tape to protect the lower surfaces as depicted in the colour diagram provided. The upper surfaces were to receive a squiggle pattern of Light Green and Red Brown with a band of red on the tail. The actual colours are given in Humbrol and AK interactive, so a quick Web search revealed these to be equivalent to RLM numbers, so I used the Vallejo Modelair Colours for RLM 81 Braunviolet (71.264),

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RLM 82 Hellgrün (71.022) and RLM23 Rot (71.003). Using a low pressure and keeping the tip of the airbrush close to the surface I was able to produce a passable attempt at a disruptive squiggle, which I assume was applied to the Grunau Baby to reduce its visibility when being used for training whilst not affecting its weight adversely. Once I was happy with the pattern I had I then applied a coat of light grey over some of the scheme to tone it down a little and bring back the detail painting in the structure of the glider itself. Finally a liberal coat of matt varnish completed the painting, bringing everything together. The pitot tube/venturi was scratch built from a length of brass rod and a short piece of brass tube glued together, and held in place with cyanoacrylate glue. The rubber mounting blocks for the skid were drilled out with an appropriate pin drill before the brass guides were added and painted, then the control cables were added using Uschi Van Der Rosen normal size rigging thread. The windscreen was carefully cut from the acetate provided and warmed on a radiator before being curved around a pencil and left to cool. This was then fixed in place with Deluxe Speed Bond white glue, which was also employed to form the small windows over the control panel as it dries clear. The build of the kit was pleasingly quick with no issues worthy of comment. The painting aspect, the one we really have the hugest amount of influence over as modellers, was the more challenging and time consuming portion of the build, but one that I enjoyed tremendously. Certainly a kit to be recommended as a relaxing project after one of those more problematic builds, especially if World War II training aircraft, gliders or indeed an airbrush project is needed.

h c t a els P d s o Ga m

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By Tom Foxon

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odellBrno is a show I particularly enjoy, with the cheap beer and food in the city of Brno and an excellent and well organised event courtesy of IPMS Brno, Bratislava, Prostejov and Zlin. This year it was jointly organised by Eduard. As with many shows the organisation can be challenging and exceptionally time consuming as I know too well from our own London Plastic Modelling Shows. Without the partnership from Eduard this show would have been unable to continue. ModellBrno enjoys a younger audience than a typical UK or US show and it is more of a family day out. The standard of entries into the competition is exceptional and you tend to see more aircraft dioramas than at most shows, a particular favourite of mine, although I could never build an aircraft let alone a diorama! All the competition categories have exceptional standards of workmanship and detail and a lot of out of the box builds which is nice to see. With all the shows in the Czech Republic there are excellent trade stands with all the major companies and many smaller manufacturers attending. I will not list them all lest I offend someone by missing them out but you can check out the website at www.modellbrno.cz/en

All the latest releases from Special Hobby on display at the company’s stand. That little Short SC.1 looks nice

An interesting take on Eduard’s recent G-6...

Most of the Czech manufacturers were present with a wide range of products at excellent prices, making a visit to Brno an excellent option for UK modellers

Traders from other European countries were in evidence including IBG from Poland with their growing range of 1/72 military vehicles, as well as their recent 1/72 aircraft releases

The competition standard is high, with a great many excellent dioramas on show

Dragon’s little Hornets in 1/144 are no strangers to the Editor’s workbench. Someone here has done a neater job of cleaning up the wing fold line though

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The Czech modelling scene is intensely loyal to its own domestic subjects, although this neat little Dragon Komet is something of a ‘what if?’

Eduard’s Spitfires get everywhere these days and offer a benchmark for the type now in 1/48 and 1/72

Kinetic’s Sufa superbly finished with not a trace of that seam on the spine and some subtle toning to the paintwork

A particularly nice job on the paintwork on this Civil War Emil proves that a plain grey aircraft need not lack scope for an interesting finish

Breathtaking job of masking to make up the camo on this Tarangus Viggen in 1/48

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Ansaldo’s Little Boy By Dave Hooper

Ansaldo A.1 Balilla Kit No: ATTKIT006 Scale: 1/32 Type: Resin Manufacturer: Aviattic www.aviattic.co.uk

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The first thing I did before I received any kind of instructions was to paint the seat

The cylinders come in three sections that are glued together before fitting to the engine block

The assembled and painted instrument panel (the blue and white scheme is only applicable to the presentation aircraft options)

he Ansaldo A.1, or Ballila as Ansaldo promoted the aircraft, was Italy’s first true fighter design, as the earlier SVA.5 was considered unsuitable in this role though was successful as a reconnaissance aircraft. The A.1 was not particularly liked by the Italian pilots and was used mainly as a home defence aircraft in the final months of the war. The Balilla found a new lease of life when the Polish Army purchasing committee bought ten and later secured a license for the aircraft to be made by Lublin. Amongst others, the post war Balilla found itself in the hands of none other than Eddie Rickenbecker, who attracted by the high performance of the aircraft, set a national speed record in 1920 in the aircraft. The Balilla is probably the most complete and detailed kit that you will ever encounter. At the heart of the product are a large number of high quality resin parts as well as two sheets of photo etch and a full set of woodgrain, textile and bolt decal sheets printed to Aviattic’s usual high standards. The kit also contains a set of fabric seat belts, a full colour reference booklet, a poster and certificate. Instructions, complied by Yours Truly, are provided in the form of a downloadable sixty page full colour build log although the build on the pdf is not mine, but by the kit’s creator, Ron Kootje. The engine, and indeed the Balilla kit in general, is detailed to the point at which some may be put off. My advice would be, don’t be put off! You will be challenged but if you treat the model as you would any other kit you won’t go far wrong. The first part of the engine build is fairly straight forward. Three pairs of cylinders are glued together and then slot into the engine block. A myriad of small resin engine details are then fitted including the crank shaft, individual springs and rocker arms. At this stage I painted the assembly before adding further detail. The ignition wires include tiny photo etch spark plug connectors. The process looked scary but actually I found a spot of superglue worked fine. I laid each connector out flat, applied a spot of superglue to the wire and then carefully dropped the end of the wire onto the connector. Once completed the connectors then fit easily onto the spark plugs. I did however misinterpret Ron’s original build log and fitted the photo etch sheath parts together incorrectly, which I didn’t rectify.

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There are yet more details to add, in particular the six exhausts and the pipes at the front of the engine. These pipes need to be shaped from brass rod and a template is included within the kit to help produce consistently shaped parts. I must admit I made mine without the aid of the template by simply bending my parts around a suitable sized rod by eye. Once completed the engine can be set aside ready to be fitted later. In hindsight I would suggest leaving the springs and rockers off at this stage as they can be prone to damage during the process of dry fitting the engine to the fuselage. The main section of the fuselage comes in one piece and requires bulkheads to be slotted into position. When cleaning up the fuselage part it is important that you follow the recommendations of the instructions concerning the removal of the forward block, as if you completely remove the block the chances are that your fuselage will be slightly too short and will require some extra effort to build up to the correct length. I would also recommend painting or decalling the internal areas of the fuselage before any assembly. As I was intending to make one of the colourful presentation Balillas the majority of this would be white, but on most it would be a natural wood finish. Areas of natural wood colour outside of the main cockpit area were added using an Aviattic woodgrain sheet, which can be obtained separately. The interior is not only one of the most complex parts of the kit but is also one of the most satisfying. Don’t expect to finish the interior in a weekend or even a week. Like the engine, some of the parts will not be seen so you have the option to build or not to build. At this stage you also need to decide on which method of fuel tank installation you wish to follow. For my build, the fuel tank was assembled and fitted to the base of the fuselage from the inside. The actuator control unit is then assembled, mainly from a combination of small photo etch parts and brass pins. For the control stick assembly you have the option of making the parts moveable with the use of brass pins. This is not too hard to do although you need to be careful when drilling some of the holes to accept the pins. Once completed, the control stick assembly and rudder stick are fitted to the cockpit floor piece and the floor is then glued in position. During

BALILLA this process it is important that the rudder bar clips completely on to the floor as if this is not done correctly you will have fit problems later on. Moving swiftly on, the engine bearers and firewall are fitted into the forward section of the fuselage. Next I needed to pull out my magnifying glass and assemble the fuel mixture and radiator shutter quadrants. These are built up from photo etch pieces by slotting lengths of brass rod into a jig made of wood or balsa on which the tiny quadrant parts are layered. I found the process quite straight forward to do, although hard on the old eyes, and satisfying to achieve. The instrument panel is built up mainly from resin parts, but some brass bezels and other small parts are required. Aviattic supply a small sheet of instrument decals. These need to be accurately punched or cut out but in most cases the addition of the bezel over the top of the decal was enough to hide any cutting defects. At this stage I thoroughly tested the dry fit of the engine and made some adjustments to the rear of the instrument panel to improve its installation. The cabane struts were then added to the fuselage. The struts themselves are all reinforced with steel rod to avoid any risk of warping and as such the central rods need to be clipped or filed flush with the resin on each edge. The kit supplies a pair of resin jigs to ensure the cabane struts are aligned correctly. At this point the turtle deck part is cleaned up and glued to the fuselage and the fin/tail section, which comes in one part, is also added. As I mentioned earlier the engine fit is quite tight so it is suggested that the engine is dry fitted and then glue applied from the exposed underneath using a cocktail stick or similar for application. Work then began on the machine gun installation. These are beautiful pieces of cast resin and require no extra detail. There is are a pair of photo etch flash muzzles that can be shaped and fitted but I found that fit is almost impossible if these are used and in any case most period photos suggest that inclusion of these muzzles was not standard in the field. Once painted the machine guns are fitted through the instrument panel, clipping into a mount on the engine side of the panel. This is tricky to do, especially on the side of the engine

with the manifold. It is however possible and again I would suggest clipping the gun into position before applying superglue. There is also a small resin synchronisation system that can be fitted although I struggled to fit this part correctly and eventually replaced the two rods that connect to the gun trigger system with brass rod. Next I began to work on the cowling parts. All of these need some careful sanding from the inside to open up all of the vents but this part of the build is well worth taking time on as the results are stunning. The rear cowling was glued in position, butting up against the turtle deck parts and slotting in between the cabane struts, but the front cowlings should not be glued in position at this stage of the build.

The engine and machine guns are fitted

The last major section of the fuselage to build is the radiator, a single piece of resin but on the inside you can add a very complex and realistic looking photo etch shutter. Finally a small oil tank is fitted to the bulkhead under the engine, accessed from the underside of the fuselage. The undercarriage assembly consists mainly of the axle aerofoil and four struts. Like the cabane struts the undercarriage struts are reinforced with steel rod, the exposed end of which slots in to premoulded holes in the aerofoil section. At this stage you have the option of fitting photo etch bracing wire eyelets or drilling out the moulded resin equivalent. I decided to use the premoulded resin eyelets. The axle is then fitted to the assembly and thread soaked in PVA is used to recreate the bungee cords. Once the assembly is complete fitting to the fuselage is pretty straight forward. Before continuing with the construction it is recommended at this stage that the fuselage is primed, painted and decalled. Once the fuselage was primed I sprayed the whole thing white, utilising the front cowlings as masks. The rear and front cowlings were then sprayed aluminium. Next I began to apply the woodgrain decals beginning with the underside and turtle deck. These are supplied as preprinted cookies that just require cutting out and applying. I found the cookies very slightly too small, which resulted in a small gap although this was easily hidden with a spot of paint. Usually I would stretch the Aviattic decals to compensate for this but because the colours in the woodgrain are quite rich I felt there may be a greater risk of

The mainly photo etch actuator control bar which will sit under the seat

The compass is fitted to the inside of the turtle deck part

The front cowlings look impressive once they have been cleaned up

A small oil tank fits in to the underside of the model

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BALILLA splitting the print if I did this. To apply the woodgrain decals I followed my usual process of applying a wet layer of Klear prior to application of the decal which helps it adhere.

Primed and painted, ready for decals

Various fuselage metal fittings are added using Gorilla Glue

The wings have been primed, painted and texture decals added. At this stage I painted the red and green tips, but later once the markings decals arrived I laid the decals over the top, mainly because the green I used didn’t match the decals

Once the decals had been sealed it was time to have some fun with some very impressive looking photo etch fittings. These parts were all fairly easy to assemble and each fitting was painted before gluing to the fuselage. I found Gorilla Glue, the slow curing type, perfect for this job as the glue allowed me to position and achieve an excellent bond on top of sealed decals without risk of damaging the surface decals. The only downside was that the process was very time consuming as the glue takes a couple hours to dry and I could only add a few fitting at one time. The underside engine plate is also supplied as a photo etch part. The vents need to be pushed outward to create realistic looking louvres and I used a small flat headed screwdriver to do this. At this stage I also added the fuel tank detail to the underside of the fuselage in the form of photo etch and resin parts. The main decal sheets arrived just after completing the fittings. I tested the decals out on the rudder and found that while they worked pretty well they dry out quite quickly and once dry will split or flake if they are still being applied, so after dipping them in water I liberally brushed them (while still on the backing sheet) with microset and this kept them wet long enough to work with. If you are building one of the St George iconned presentation aircraft as I was you will probably want to apply the icon shield background decal before fitting the photo etch actuator slot. The St George icons are printed on continuous inkjet paper so they need careful trimming. Extra icon decals are included but I didn’t need to use mine and the effect once applied was stunning. Finally I fitted the rudder and elevators into position using brass rod in drilled holes to reinforce the joints. At this stage the forward cowlings can be fitted if required. I decided to fit one side permanently into position but leave the other side open to show the engine detail. The lower wings are both reinforced with a pair of steel pins that also act as assembly pins. Once cleaned up my first job was to prime, spray with gloss white and decal the wings. The lower

A fuselage rigging bracket assembled

All the parts and sub assemblies - so far so good

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wings on my option used the standard linen textile decals, which are supplied preshaped. Before applying, I lightly smudged watered down brown paint chordwise across each wing to create an ageing effect under the clear decal sheet. The rib tapes need cutting into strips, which you need to be careful with as there isn’t much spare especially if you have a lot of doped linen on the option you are building. At this stage I also prepared the upper wing, which is supplied as one complete piece. The upper wing decal for the Italian boxing is an interesting combination of colours that once applied looks very realistic and effective. These are printed on white paper so unlike the textiles if you want to add a little ageing this will need to be done after the decals are applied. The kit contains a full set of rigging and bracing wire attachments, which all need to be pre-assembled. From the outside they look complicated but actually are very easy to assemble. There are various types of brackets but they are all essentially made in the same way. You begin with the eyelet parts, to which you glue a piece of 0.3 brass rod. I then used the flat edged part of a set of pliers to hold the flat end of the eyelet while I bent the photo etch around the brass rod so that one end of the etch part completely surrounds the rod. It sounds tricky but actually it’s very easy and quite satisfying to do. The ends of the rod are then cut down and are fitted in to folded bracket frames so that they move freely. There are also small front to back eyelets, which can be fitted to the assemblies but I felt that I would struggle to achieve a strong enough bond to make these parts practical and so as there were already holes in these positions on the brackets, I carefully bent the area with the hole outwards a little so that I would be able to access these when rigging. The upper wing cabane brackets were fitted directly to the underside of the upper wing. At this stage I also added the photo etch actuator lever detail to the upper wing. Fuselage rigging brackets were slotted over the lower wing reinforcement pins and the lower wings were slotted into the fuselage and cemented. The inter plane struts are slightly longer on one side of the aircraft than the other. This was because the upper wing is slightly longer on one

BALILLA

Bracing wires are fitted to the undercarriage

This is what the upper wing looks like once the texture/camo decal has been fitted

The lower wings are fitted

A full set of inter plane strut rigging brackets are assembled their block as they are quite delicate during the removal process. Finally the windscreen is created from photo etch. A piece of acetate is supplied for the windscreen, but I chose to use a PVA glue 'n' glaze product.

Conclusion

Prepainted cabane strut rigging brackets are glued to the underside of the upper wing side to counter the torque from the engine. Once the struts have been sorted by size, upper and lower rigging brackets were slotted, but not glued to each inter plane strut. Fuel lines were made from copper wire and fitted to the rear cowling before carefully gluing the upper wing to the cabane struts, checking that the alignment of the upper wing was satisfactory. Once completely dry, the inter plane struts were spring fitted between the two wings and the loose rigging brackets positioned and glued flush with the wing surface. The wings were then rigged simply by threading grey coloured mending thread through the rigging eyelets and tying them off, gluing the knot with superglue before trimming. The model was now almost complete and the end in sight. I replaced the resin actuator rods with suitably sized brass struts and fitted them between the slot in the fuselage and the lever on the upper wing. Ailerons were also fitted using brass rod to pin the joints. The tail skid is made from white metal. I drilled a hole through this piece before fitting and pinned the joint with brass rod. The wheels can either be covered or spoked. My wheels were covered, which is by far the simpler process, but I did try out the spoked wheel photo etch parts and found that they fitted very well and the completed spoked wheel looked impressive. The propeller is supplied in three resin pieces, and the two resin bosses need to be very carefully removed from

This is without doubt the most I have ever paid for a kit in my life, but it’s also the most complete and self-contained kit that I have ever built. Everything you will ever need to complete this kit, with the exception of a few sizes of brass rod, is included. For those that enjoy super detailing this actually makes the kit extremely good value but even for those who do not wish to make use of the super detail parts, once you factor in the wood grain decals, textile decals, fabric seatbelts and everything else you still have a very competitively priced kit. What I really did like about this kit was its ability to stretch you without actually confounding you. Many of the more complex operations can be omitted, but I chose to tackle these head on and I’m glad that I did because I actually found my confidence as a modeller growing with the completion of each fresh challenge making the end result much more satisfying. So in summary if you are the type of modeller that enjoys the process of construction and enjoys kits that challenge then you will absolutely adore this product and get the most out of it. If you are the type of modeller that doesn’t like to be pushed too far out of your comfort zone, don’t be put off. If you strip the kit back to its basics you will find a very buildable model at its core. As many have already pointed out, this has been a labour of love for Richard and the Aviattic team and this shows in the quality of the kit. In World War I terms at least, there has never been a kit quite like this for completeness, accuracy and detail, and in this current age of austerity one wonders if there will ever be another quite like it.

References Windsock Datafile no.88: Ansaldo A.1 Balilla by Gregory Alegi

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SEA KING HC.4

Westland Sea King HC.4 By Keith Peckover

moulded in the usual grey plastic employed by Airfix, together with a sixth for the transparencies. The recessed panel lines are of an acceptable standard but although this aspect is improving all the time they are not as fine as on some recent kits from other manufacturers. For those who may be interested in such things provision is made for the main rotor, but not the tail rotor, to rotate by means of an electric motor, which is sold separately.

Kit No: 04056 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Airfix www.airfix.com Hannants/Squadron

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n the UK there is probably no helicopter known better than the Sea King. Originally designed and manufactured for the United States Navy (USN) to fulfil the antisubmarine warfare (ASW) task, it was licence built in the UK by Westland Helicopters. Mirroring the USN it was originally operated by the Royal Navy in the ASW role, replacing the Wessex. Later versions were introduced for search and rescue (SAR) and tactical support duties. The last of these was designated HC.4 and widely referred to as the Jungly. To produce it the ASW version was stripped of its specialist equipment, namely the dipping sonar and radar. Also removed were the retractable undercarriage and sponson, which were replaced with fixed undercarriage and inflatable emergency flotation bags. The cabin was equipped with seating for twenty three troops. The kit’s box, which is so full it is bulging, contains six frames, five

A good feature is that two sets of main rotor blades are provided to enable the model to be built with them extended or folded. Along with this goes the provision to have the tail rotor in the stowed position. Two different types of tail rotors are present, one with what could perhaps called the standard six blade fit, the other having just five. Some Sea Kings have been and still are fitted with five bladed units. Most notably in recent times this configuration was employed along with the uprated engines and Carson composite main rotor blade equipped HC.4s deployed to Afghanistan. Such blades have a different tip configuration. In view of the Sea King’s extensive use in Afghanistan a Carson bladed release would be most appropriate. However the sprue frame containing the blades also has other parts so it will be interesting to see what emerges from Airfix enabling the five blade tail rotor to be used. Alternative parts are provided to enable the port forward cabin door to be displayed open or closed. The decal sheet has markings for two aircraft of 848 Naval Air Squadron, RNAS Yeovilton, one finished overall in olive drab and the other with disruptive white over painting.

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Rotor Work started with the main rotor. It was disappointing to see that the blades are not moulded with a droop, something which considerable enhances the realism of helicopter models. No attempt was made to impart a curve to them. This had been tried on another model by mounting them in what could generously be called a jig for some weeks in the hope they would become and stay curved. It was a futile exercise. To give a little downward set the blade roots were slightly bent, an expedient that was better than nothing. Great care is needed when handling the blades because they are only 0.032 inch (less than 1mm) thick. No doubt this is a realistic representation and good to see but it’s something especially to be taken into account when removing masking tape needed to enable the leading edges to be sprayed. The rotor hub lacks detail so to provide a little enhancement blade pitch control links were added. The finished model was to be stored in two separate boxes, a thin flat one for the main rotor and another for the fuselage, thus reducing the overall space needed. To be able to do so the rotor has to be removable. Following the instructions would have resulted in the rotor head cap being glued to the rotor shaft, which would have made the rotor captive. It was attached to the rotor head instead thus enabling the rotor to be removable.

Fuselage Aft of the door on the starboard fuselage section there is an aperture for the scanning dome present

S E A K I N G H C .4

The outline of the blanking piece fitted aft of the main door

The four pieces of tubing fitted adjacent to the door opening into which the grab handle was fitted late in the build The anti-slip area pattern chosen for the cabin floor, which is much bigger in area than that recommended in the instructions

The finished interior with around one hundred seat belts. These were not laid neatly in a regular pattern, this is Jungly Air not British Airways

The engine cover was the worst fitting part in this kit. As can be seen there was a distinct step where it joined the upper fuselage The Eduard representation of the instrument panel is as is to be expected much better than the kit decals

The underslung load rig

The loop fitted each side of the tail boom Airspeed pitot from the box, left, and modified, right

The assembled model prior to painting with primer. Holes for the wire aerial masts have been blanked with pointed ends of cocktail sticks to stop the interior being contaminated when spraying

Masking the stub wings to enable the matt black anti slip panels to be sprayed. Not straightforward (thank Heavens for Parafilm) but easier and better than the alternative

on the HAR.3 SAR version, which has also been released by Airfix. A blank is provided but because this feature was an addition on HAR.3s there should be no sign of a provision for it. After fitting the blank, its joint lines were filled with superglue and sanded down to eliminate any indication of its presence. A couple of small features not provided in the kit are grab handles, one at the forward edge of this door and another on the fuselage exterior above. It was

believed that if a representation of the former was fitted at an early stage it would not survive the prespraying masking of the aperture. To get around this four pieces of aluminium tube were fixed to the inside face into which the handle could be fitted post spraying. Late in the build it was also realised that there should be a strut running diagonally at the top left side of the door opening. Metal wire was used to represent all of these. Wires were run between fuselage and hoist to represent the cabling and the solid

The colour difference between the Xtracolor RN Helo Olive Drab and that on the inlet particle filter decal disc moulded on the end of the winch wire drilled through to make it look like a hook. The pattern given in the instructions for the anti slip area on the cabin floor was not followed. That applied is closer to what could be seen in photos obtained from the Internet. The surface was painted grey, as were the cabin walls, and the anti slip portion in matt black, which was rubbed to lighten it with the aim of giving it a slightly used appearance. The cabin

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SEA KING HC.4 seats were fitted using Eduard etched brass set SS545. Just the job for those who like gluing in place dozens of seat belts! This set also made a worthwhile difference to the appearance of the flight deck. Assembly of the fuselage was mainly straightforward with just a little filler being needed here and there. The exceptions were the engine cover, which had a marked step at its rear edge demanding filling and sanding, and the fin, which was not a good fit to the tail boom, fettling of the joint being needed to achieve a satisfactory appearance. The outlets at the bottom, aft corners of the engine air particle filter were drilled out to make them appear like pipes instead of stubs. Before fitting the windscreen section of the flight deck transparencies the inner faces of the upper panels were tinted blue. To do this they were sprayed with heavily thinned Humbrol H15 taking care to ensure that a degree of transparency remained. Wiper blades and arms are moulded integrally with the windscreen transparency. The arms are overly thick so they were removed before fitting this component and post painting replaced with plastic coated wire from little-cars.com. Lenses from this source were used instead of the transparent components provided to represent the pair of lights fitted just aft of the boat hull bow and on the starboard side beneath the windscreen. Having opted for an open forward cabin door a few small improvements were made to the steps, namely drilling out the weight reducing holes, adding strengthening webs, struts, arm rails and door stays. From the box the airspeed pitots are most unrealistic, having a large bulb like appendage at their forward end. These were cut off and replaced with fuse wire. Not to be overlooked when making a model of a Jungly is the rig used to carry under slung loads. The hook was made from a piece of aluminium and plastic coated wire employed for the rest of the outfit.

Orange Crop and other Aerials The two blade aerials provided for fitting beneath the boat hull were not used. They were replaced by thin sheet metal set into slots cut into the plastic, this giving a more realistic appearance than the overly thick kit parts. The forward one is shown in the instructions as having a rearward projecting rod but its presence was not supported when checked against photographs. The pair of rod aerials

mounted just aft of the nose were also replaced using brass rod of a more realistic diameter. The mounting boxes for the Orange Crop electronic warfare equipment lacked some of the aerials fitted on them so thin discs of cut from plastic card with a hole punch were attached. Adjacent to the flight deck doors on a Sea King were what are assumed to be aerials. Parts for them are not provided. These and a similar feature on the tail boom are quite conspicuous and needed to be added, brass wire from Albion Alloys being used. EZ Line was employed for the wire aerials, the attachment of which was the very last job undertaken on this build.

Painting & Decalling Humbrol primer was used as an undercoat. The transparencies were masked using Eduard set CX437, a recommended time saving purchase. As can be seen in photos of the finished model the port forward cabin door was not going to be used but it was employed to fill its aperture during painting. Moulded in transparent plastic it appears blue because it was used for test spraying before adding the tint to the flight deck upper windows. Card was used at the main cabin door aperture with its edges sealed with Humbrol Maskol. Being unmade kit rich but time poor it was decided to go for the simple single overall colour option. The instructions give the airframe colour as Humbrol H86 Matt Light Olive with a note in parenthesis stating this being ‘approx to BS381C/298 Olive Drab’. This was taken to mean 298 was the colour Junglies were painted with H86 the closest to it in Humbrol’s range. 298 used to be in the Hannants Xtracolor range as X028 RN Helicopter Olive Drab but has been discontinued. Notwithstanding this the Xtradecal Sea King sheet gives it as the paint to use. By chance it was found that X028 was still available from AviationMegastore.com, an outfit in the Netherlands from where it was purchased, albeit at a cost. The main and tail rotor blade tips were also painted in preference to using the decals provided. This gives a superior appearance because it is impossible for a decal to cover the blade ends satisfactorily. Decals are provided for the non-slip surfaces on the stub wings. To make use of them they have to be applied before fitting the wings and struts and would have to be masked when spray painting the airframe. A further disadvantage is that they look smooth,

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unlike the true appearance of this area. In view of these matters it was decided to spray the areas matt black, so giving a more faithful appearance, albeit the masking task was quite testing. A decal is supplied to outline the periphery of the vent immediately forward of each engine exhaust but their interior also needs to be in this colour. Furthermore, the fuel tank filler caps need highlighting in red. Under the fuselage, just forward of the main undercarriage, the flat antennas, one on the centreline and the other to port, should be painted light grey. The infrared countermeasures lamps were painted gold over silver, as were the glazed areas of the two lamps adjacent to the main undercarriage. Although referring to one of their own paints, Airfix failed to reproduce it on the decals representing the inlet particle filters, which are too light for both H86 and X028. Before application these were trimmed back to minimise the offending area but they still stand out like the proverbial sore thumb. As has been experienced before with recent Airfix kits it was thought the decal carrier film would show but given sufficient time to dry this was not the case. Despite applications of Micro Sol they did not settle into panel lines, this being overcome by cutting along the lines, applying more Micro Sol and when dry sealing the edges with Future. The penultimate task was to apply a little weathering. Tamiya X-19 Smoke was sprayed onto the fuselage aft of the engine exhausts, with a greater coverage on the starboard side, which gets more heavily stained by exhaust gas than the port. With such a dark underlying colour the smoke barely shows.

Conclusions It is believed that this is the first rotor craft Airfix have released since the renaissance of the company under Hornby. There are a couple of areas on which they could have done better. The first is the lack of blade droop and rotor hub detail. The second is the inlet particle filter decal which really detracts from the appearance of the model. That being said the kit makes up into a very pleasing representation of the real thing and has much to commend it, especially with a little extra attention to detail. On the basis of its familiarity and longevity of service with the UK forces the Sea King is an appropriate addition to any collection of model aircraft.

NOW AVAILABLE!

See you Scale Sc otla 26th Aug nd ust advance orders welcom e

Conversion parts to create a 1/48th scale model of Prone Nose Meteor F8 WK935 experimental aircraft displayed at RAF Museum Cosford contents: New prone nose section,prone nose interior detail, decals,canopy and construction notes. Base kit 1/48th Airfix Meteor F8 Price: £27.99 for donor kit as well £55.00 For trade/overseas orders see Hannants website: www.hannants.co.uk

Brigade Models C/O 62 Periwinkle Close Sittingbourne ME10 2JU

HEROES

By Malcolm Childs

A

ccording to the charity Combat Stress 1 in 25 soldiers who have returned from Iraq or Afghanistan develop symptoms of PTSD. The flashbacks, nightmares and sudden feelings of fear and anger triggered by day to day activities such as sounds of babies crying, car horns, or slamming doors can leave those affected feeling isolated and emotionally detached from their family.

Art therapy is used as a tool for developing coping strategies for those with PTSD. Models for Heroes is a charitable organisation established in January of 2017 by Malcolm Childs from the IPMS Newbury Scale Model Club. It aims to provide model kits and model making materials and to offer workshops on modelling free of charge to the Help For Heroes Recovery Centres in the UK and to raise awareness of the physical and mental health benefits of scale modelling.. There are many potential benefits to those with PTSD from model making. Direct benefits could include the development of improved manual dexterity and fine motor skills for those recovering from physical injury. Will Pattison shared his experiences of scale modelling after a spinal cord injury: Scale model building has been a lifeline for me in terms of filling my time, providing me with an online social circle and most importantly of all… helping to rehabilitate my fine motor skills. The challenge of manipulating hundreds of tiny parts to create a model I can be proud of has also helped give purpose to each day and that's something that can never be overvalued. Many modellers will be familiar with the mental state of extreme concentration modelling can induce! For those with PTSD this focus and patience can be a useful block to distressing or intrusive thoughts. Modelling can remind us of positive memories, either from recalling past experience of modelling, or develop new positive feelings with the satisfaction of building a favourite aircraft or vehicle. William, a veteran, reported: ‘I do find that building models helps me get through rough days and helps me stay positive. One concentrates on creating something, be it a subject that has meaning, or just to be creative, and even

when it's hard or not turning out quite the way one wants it to, it keeps the mind on positive thinking and creative problem solving.’ Despite the modelling itself being an often solitary crafting activity, another indirect benefit of scale modelling is the well-developed modelling community and growing online social networks. Model clubs can be found in most towns, model shows can be found almost every weekend in the UK, and there are countless busy online forums and public Facebook groups for every level and genre of modelling. Because modelling also attracts military enthusiasts there are undoubtedly many hobbyists that are also exservicemen and veterans with their own experience of PTSD who might provide an invaluable network of like-minded friends and contacts, simply through sharing their enjoyment of this hobby. Models for Heroes can accept donations of unused model kits, modelling materials, or financial support. The support provided by the modelling community to date has been outstanding, with over a dozen individuals providing kits from their own stashes, generous contributions from modelling businesses and funding support which will ensure the sustained work of Models for Heroes. This summer Models for Heroes is sending supplies and holding modelling workshops at the Help for Heroes Personnel Recovery Centres across the UK: Tedworth House in Tidworth, Chavasse VC

Donations are received from some of the industry’s top manufacturers

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House in Colchester and Phoenix House in Catterick. As this organisation grows, Models for Heroes aims to provide scale model kits to other forces and mental health charities such as Combat Stress who wish to offer scale modelling sessions for their residents. If you would like to send kits to Models for Heroes, the most suitable scale model kits are those which are small and relatively easy for a beginner to make, and which contain all the required parts, instructions and decals. Models of current serving vehicles may be triggers so themes of WW2, Cold war or civilian vehicles are preferred. Unused materials, glues and paints are accepted, along with accessories like clippers and cutting mats for use in scale modelling workshops. You can read more about the work of Models for Heroes at www.modelsforheroes.co.uk or follow on facebook and twitter for updates on donations received and the workshops and activities held.

WA L K A R O U N D

P-47D-30-RA Thunderbolt At the Museum of Aviation Warner Robins AFB All photos, unless otherwise noted, are by the author with permission of the museum staff.

By Steve Muth Peregrine Publishing

This shows the starboard side of the cockpit. The sheet metal and control column are an apple green, the map case is brown and various boxes are apple green, silver (aluminium) and dull black. The windscreen interior and control column grip are dull black. The wiring is yellow while the rods and tubing are a mix of apple green and black

T

his aircraft is the P-47D-30-RA, S/N 44-32691 which is at the Museum of Aviation, Warner Robins, GA. It was taken right off the flight line at Warner Robins AFB in 1947 and put in storage for ultimate display in the museum. All paint and equipment in the cockpit, landing gear wells and internal surfaces are original paint as delivered to the Air Force. As a Republic built aircraft, it has dull dark green, almost an apple green, in the cockpit and yellow zinc chromate in the wheel wells and internal areas. All photos were taken with the permission and assistance of Darwin Edwards at the Museum of Aviation.

An aft starboard view shows the seat to be apple green also while the tail wheel lock handle on the floor to the right of the seat is white with black lettering. The track for the canopy is silver (aluminium)

This view of the gunsight reveals a simple ring and bead sight mounted on and to the left of the standard optical sight. It is presumably a backup sight system

Here are details of the control column grip

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WA L K A R O U N D

The instrument panel is a dull black with white lettering and instrument markings. The author believes the red markings on the instrument faces are marks to indicate the level of radiation given off by the luminous radium salts paint commonly used at the time

The cockpit port side colours are much the same as the starboard

Looking down and forward at the floor, rudder pedal and sub panel below the main instrument panel

Details of the gunsight and rear view mirror are shown here to good effect

A port forward view of the cockpit

The pilot’s view of the instrument panel. You can see what appears to be a green zinc chromate armour plate behind the instrument panel. It is not the apple green of the cockpit interior

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WA L K A R O U N D

This view of the starboard main landing gear and wheel well shows the yellow zinc chromate of the sheet metal, the silver of the landing gear strut and dull aluminium of the wheel hub

The tail wheel well door covers are also yellow zinc chromate while the interior mechanism appears to be painted silver

Drain pipes just below the starboard exhaust bypass are red

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CANBERRA

Modelling the Canberra in 1/72 By Tim Skeet

Kit No: 04056 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: High Planes www.hpmhobbies.com

F

irst flown in 1949, the Canberra was revolutionary in many ways. In its various versions it served around the world with many air arms, including the US. With the RAF it served for some fifty seven years, the last handful of PR.9s being on active duty over Afghanistan right up until the type’s retirement. Over 1,350 were built, 900 of these in the UK. Canberras served in a number of roles including strategic bombers, tactical strike, nuclear strike, reconnaissance, training, ECM warfare, target towing and test and experimental aircraft. In these many guises they carried all

manner of colour schemes and markings. The last PR.9 retired as recently as July 2006 and one of these appeared on the air show circuit for a little longer. The type had quite a career. As a modeller, the Canberra represents a real conundrum. Many British types have belatedly been given good model coverage. It took some time, for example, for Revell to do the Hunter justice in various scales. Even the Swift has been covered by Airfix and Xtrakit but the Canberra still remains relatively poorly served. In 1/72 Frog produced an early model of the BI.8 in the early 1970s, which is still in circulation in various boxings, and Airfix the misshapen B.2/6, which is now a collector’s item. Matchbox produced a basic PR.9 which Revell later released, and latterly both Xtrakit and Airfix have given us the PR.9 and BI.8 in 1/72 and 1/48. Airfix have also produced a B.2 in 1/48. The Airfix 1/72 Canberras do not appear to be currently

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XH135 near the end of its career. This aircraft carried a retirement scheme featuring a winged bomb covering its tail, available in 1/72 on Model Alliance sheet 729034

A closer look at tail end details on Canberra PR.9 XH168

CANBERRA

High Planes kits have been around for some time but have not received the attention they deserve in a scene many believe barren of Canberra types. In fact High Planes have issued at least fifteen boxings of the aircraft ranging from the standard B.2 to the RB-57D, with plenty in between

There is no denying these kits are limited run productions but they scrub up well with a little effort, and are we not modellers?

There are plenty of available decals for Canberras on the market so the modeller need not be limited to available kit schemes

High Planes solution to turn the standard bomber fuselage into the fighter canopy version. All kits come with the same parts but the B(I).8 needs a resin plug inserted and the cockpit aperture cut out

High Planes’ trio of kits have gone a long way to filling gaps in modellers' collections

High Planes’ kits lack detail in the wheel wells but the resin wheels provided are excellent components

This is the High Planes B.2 finished as an E.15. Built from the box, the kit was finished with markings from a Modeldecal sheet

The 3 Squadron flash on the tail adds a nice touch. Model Alliance released a number of sheets for Canberras, both in British and international service, and many of these are still available from Hannants

This is the old FROG kit, which has since been released in a number of guises by Eastern European manufacturers

This is the High Planes T.4 finished in an attractive scheme of Day-Glo and aluminium. The kit includes options for 231 OCU, CFS and Operation Musketeer

High Planes’ B(I).8 with Model Alliance markings

The kit includes marking for 10, 73 and 109 Squadrons

The FROG kit has a nice shape but is lacking somewhat in detail

Perhaps the best fighter canopy version on the market in 1/72 is the Xtrakit, which has finer surface detail than the Airfix tooling, which suffered from the out of scale engraving seen on some kits prior to their acquisition by Hornby

available, although the 1/48 B2 has just been rereleased. Basically we have been waiting for a really good 1/72 Canberra, and preferably an early mark bomber version, so the impending arrival of a new tooling from S&M Models is extremely welcome. In the meantime there have been the High Planes releases to fill the gap. Indeed, in recent years I have built several Canberras, most recently the High Planes B.(I)8. I have to say that these kits are not for the faint-hearted. Nevertheless, I am a bit of a fan. I have finished

Xtrakit’s PR.9 finished from the box with 39 Squadron markings

three of them now. Building these is a great way to hone essential modelling skills and rediscover some basic techniques. Curiously one of the sprues in my B(I).8 box was a duplicate meaning I was missing some vital parts. However an email to High Planes met with a very nice, prompt reply and the missing parts were posted half way round the world. Great service, so thank you High Planes. The kits themselves come with resin and etch parts. The shape is good but the plastic parts are typical limited run, thick chunky pieces. The

39 Squadron’s XH168 carried nose art and the name Eastern Promise, a scheme available in 1/72 on Model Alliance sheet 72146

parts don’t fit that well so plenty of filing and filling is required to get the main parts into shape. The fuselage on the kits is the same for all versions, the B(I).8 requiring a resin plug for the standard moulded in B.2 cockpit area. The new fighter style cockpit needs to be cut out and the transparencies are provided in two sets in vacform. Getting the cockpit area right does take some work with some careful cutting and positioning. Note that the cockpit does not open on the B(I).8, the pilot getting in via the side door, unlike the PR.9, which has a classic opening canopy.

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CANBERRA

39 Squadron formed at Hounslow in 1916 as an air defence unit to intercept Zeppelins. The unit was reformed in 2007 operating the MQ-9 Predator UAV

An impressive mission tally on XH168

The B(I).8 nose front also requires some careful cutting away of plastic before trying to graft on the vacform transparent part and it is tricky getting a good join. Obviously it’s a lot easier to build the B.2 or T.4 as the cockpit moulding is right for these versions. Indeed, the T.4 is the easiest of the models, as there is a solid resin nose and it comes with a second resin seat to be fitted in the resin cockpit. Interestingly the T.4 managed to squeeze two seats side by side into the cockpit under the standard distinctive domed canopy. A detail that might be of interest for some is that the second seat hinges forward along with the control column to allow access. The wings come with resin engine fronts, intake cones and jet orifices, which look good. Less good are the main wheel bays, which are rather empty and plain, and really require some detailing. The plastic moulded main undercarriage is however arguably the weakest part of the whole kit. Some decent resin inserts

Even in real life the aircraft looks like it should be a tail sitter! XH168 showing the precise location of its Operation Telic 2003 nose art

Closer details of stencilling on the port forward fuselage of PR.9 XH168 for the wells and better main legs and undercarriage doors would have been welcome. The main wheels themselves are good resin parts. The main wings fit into large, deep slots down the fuselage sides but once again a lot of filing and fettling is needed to get a good fit and not leave gaps. The butt joined tailplanes likewise require careful positioning with the right dihedral. I confess I messed one up on the T.4 and carelessly noticed this too late. The nose undercarriage and bay are resin parts and a lot better than the main legs, although the twin stone guards, which fit over the twin nose wheels, are a little heavy. The B(I).8 kit comes with a resin gun pack for the bomb bay. This was not always fitted being removable allowing the bomb bay to contain a load, including a nuclear bomb. I chose to build the High Planes model without the gun pack having already modelled the Frog Canberra with

In 1957 WK163 shot into the headlines around the world when a prototype Napier Double Scorpion rocket motor lifted the aircraft to 70,310ft and a new world altitude record. Now it is to be restored and returned to the air show circuit with the aim of helping to celebrate the centenary of the RAF in 2018. The restoration will be undertaken by Vulcan to the Sky Trust, the award winning charity responsible for the restoration and operation of Vulcan XH558

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Operation Telic saw a great deal of nose art applied to British aircraft, not all of it as well executed as some of the World War II designs it sought to emulate

Canberra flaps in close up. Etched parts covering this area have been issued by Eduard, Extratech and Heritage Aviation one fitted. High Planes also provide the distinctive removable wing tip drop tanks in resin. The bomber version of the strike Canberra was on permanent nuclear strike standby during the Cold War at its bases in Germany ready for what was likely to be a one way mission. Given the Canberra’s lack of defensive armament and rudimentary systems, it did not seem ideal as a strike aircraft, the replacement Buccaneers representing a significant upgrade. All these kits are natural tail sitters. Even though I packed plenty of Plasticine and lead in the noses of the B(I)8 and T4, I miscalculated and ended up hacking holes in the noses to add more lead. Be warned and put in enough to start with and save yourself one of those dreadful moments we all get realising we have to undo some hard work. This done the models finally sit correctly at the slightly nose down, tail high angle. Finally painting can progress. The 3 Squadron B(I).8 I chose was camouflaged with

PR.9 XH134 was the only remaining airworthy Canberra and a popular performer on the airshow circuit in 2014 as part of the Midair Squadron. With the rest of the Midair fleet, XH134 was withdrawn from displays in the 2015 air show season. It became available for sale by auction with an estimate of £50,000 - £70,000 to offset Midair's debts but did not sell at Bonhams on 20th March 2016 Ownership was transferred to Kemble Airfield Estates in September 2016

CANBERRA light aircraft grey undersides, in contrast to the Frog/Revell interdictor model with the gloss black underside. While High Planes do offer nice decals I used other sets for the E.15 and B(I).8. The T.4 options were compelling and the silver finish with large areas of orange Day-Glo was irresistible. Other options for the T.4 version included the splendid red/grey/white Training Command finish of the 1970s. The earlier built B.2 model was finished as an E.15 operated by 98 Squadron with the Cerberus logo on the fin using decals from an old original Modeldecal set I acquired way back in the 1970s. Finally a kit to stick them on. After

almost forty years in a shoe box they went on just fine though were a little thin. The various wing walkway markings and stencils and B style roundels give this model a classic 1970s look. The B(I).8 with the earlier C style markings and glossy finish is pure 1960s, these markings coming mainly from a Model Alliance set. There are plenty of good decal sets available and indeed the Canberra with its many test roles and overseas export service offers a tremendous range of colourful options. All the modeller needs is a state of the art high class Canberra bomber. In the meantime roll up your sleeves and go for this kit.

Turning to the other Canberra kits touched upon in this article, the old Frog Canberra is basic but though a product of another age, it makes up into an acceptable model in shape though lacking finesse and detail. The PR.9 from Xtrakit is a nice kit overall, and a lot better than the old 1970s era Matchbox tooling. I finished my PR.9 in its final scheme as one of the last three operational 39 Squadron machines. Usually finished in hemp colour, it was operated over Afghanistan in a medium grey washable distemper, traces of which were still evident when I saw this aircraft and photographed it over Kemble shortly before retirement.

WK163, currently undergoing further restoration at Doncaster

The internal bomb bay shown to good advantage on WK163

A glimpse under the hood of WK163 shows the almost impossible to replicate clutter of a typical classic jet cockpit

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S U K H O I S u - 33

Zvezda’s Su-33 By Rick Greenwood Sukhoi Su-33 Flanker D Kit No: 7297 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Zvezda The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

I

Instruction booklet and well printed decal sheet

The single upper fuselage part

t's not that long ago modellers could only dream of building models from the Russian Aviation Industry, let alone choose from different brands but over the last few years the popularity of such types has driven a seemingly endless release of kits of Eastern European subjects from major model manufacturers. The Su-27 family has a multitude of variants in its line-up and offers the modeller some quite spectacular camouflage schemes, making it a popular choice. This kit from Zvezda is the naval version of the Flanker and is referenced as the SU-33 Flanker D. Compared with the Su-27, the Su-33 has a strengthened undercarriage and structure, folding wings and stabilators required for carrier operations. The Su-33 has forward canards at the leading edge of the wing, its wings also being larger than the Su-27 for increased lift. Twenty four MiG 29-Ks were ordered in 2009 to replace the SU-33 between 2011 and 2015, although the SU-33 was retained after the Commander of the Navy's Air and Air Defence Forces, announced that a second fighter contingent would be created to supplement the current force, with the intention that the MiG29s be used by this new element. This saw the existing SU-33 airframes undergo refurbishment for future use and in late 2016 Sukhoi Su-33s were deployed in the Mediterranean Sea. They conducted combat sorties over Syria from the deck of the Russian aircraft carrier the Admiral Kuznetsov.

The Kit

The parts that make up the lower portion of the fuselage being worked on

Fuselage parts joined together and fitted well

This is the first kit I have had the chance to inspect and build from Zvezda and I am suitably impressed with what's in the box. On opening the outer carton there is a plain brown inner box that contains the plastic. Referring to the parts map there are five main plastic runners containing the dark grey coloured parts and a separate clear sprue for the canopy and other lamps and lenses. As expected the main text is printed in Russian but English is used in a secondary role, usually underneath the main text. The instructions are printed in black and white with a markings diagram and stencil placement guide provided as well, but a little on the small side. Paint is referenced to Humbrol, and colour call outs are provided in the build instructions as and when required. Looking at the contents there are plenty of items offered that could be considered extras or a bonus. These consist of a boarding ladder, wheel chocks, FOD guards for the intakes and a seated or standing figure. A stand for an in-flight pose is shown in the instructions but not included in the kit and is noted as such. After studying the

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instructions provided the first choice the modeller is confronted by is to decide on one of three poses for the finished model. These are in flight, on the ground with wings folded, or deployed. Careful attention to the instructions will highlight the differing parts required for each of the options provided.

Construction Construction of the well rendered K-36 ejection seat made up of five parts is the first task to be carried out before it is inserted into the cockpit tub. The seat was left to one side while the tub was painted and the supplied decals added to the blank instrument panel and side consoles. The seat was then painted satin black before the items from the Eduard Zoom etched set SS580 were added to improve the detail, as the canopy would be posed open. After being allowed a suitable drying period the cockpit tub was then glued into the upper fuselage section. The nose gear bay was then built by attaching the separate side walls that feature a nice level of raised detail. This was then secured in place with copious amounts of Tamiya Extra Thin cement to avoid it becoming dislodged at a later date. Similar detail was found on the parts that make up the main gear bays and these were added in their respective locations using Tamiya Extra Thin again. The kit’s plastic is a little on the soft side so care will be needed if using a stronger adhesive to avoid damaging the parts, but no adverse reaction was noted with either Tamiya or Mr Cement when employed during the remainder of the build. The instructions suggest that the engines should be constructed at this stage but these were left until a more appropriate time in the build. The intakes were assembled and painted as per the kit recommendations and then glued in place on the lower fuselage part. The fit of the intakes to the fuselage was almost perfect and a little glue was all that was needed around the joint to secure them in place. Once dry a swift swipe with a sanding sponge was all that was required to blend them in seamlessly with the surrounding fuselage. The inboard portions of the stabilators along with the ventral strakes were then glued in place before cementing the two fuselage sections together. The vertical tails were then attached to the upper fuselage section before tackling the wings and tail plane. Zvezda provide the option for the modeller to display the aircraft with wings folded or deployed, separate outboard parts are provided for the wing sections and tail planes. These are

S U K H O I S u - 33 glued in the raised or lowered position as required by the modeller. The tail sections were first offered up to the receiving parts on the model and the fit was perfect, liquid glue was applied from the underside as not to mark the more visible top surface. Separate wing fold parts need to be added first to the open end of the wings either for the folded or deployed positions. The parts for the extended wings were selected and glued in place before adding the outboard wing sections. Again the fit was fantastic with nothing needed other than careful application of cement. Depending on the state of the wings and pose of the model the flaps can be fitted in the lowered position. These were found to be a little simplified, but using a little artistic licence and attaching them deflected added interest to the model. With major construction now complete the model was given a quick blast over with grey primer to highlight any build flaws. With nothing found the surface was washed in warm soapy water and scrubbed with a tooth brush to abrade the surface lightly in readiness for painting.

Metallic Magic The raised engine humps to the rear of the airframe feature a distinctive metallic look on the Su-27 family of jets. This can seem quite daunting to some, trying to replicate the look in miniature, but in essence it is quite straight forward. Relying on the metal lacquers from the Alclad range, three different colours were put to good use in recreating the burnt metallic look. Before any paint could be sprayed correct preparation of the surface was paramount to obtaining a good finish with the metal colours. The areas to be treated were wet sanded to a super smooth finish with Micro Mesh cloths ranging from 4,000 to 12,000 grit in ascending order. Once a final check was conducted the surface was left to dry without touching it again with fingers to eliminate grease etc. from being deposited on the clean surface. Alclad has to be applied with an airbrush with low air pressure, slowly building thin coats up over time until the desired finish is achieved. Starting with the internal areas of the exhaust cans a coat of Steel (ALC112) was laid down first and allowed to dry. Burnt areas were then added in random patterns using Jet Exhaust (ALC113) until a satisfactory appearance was obtained. With the inside of the jet cans now painted they were added to the model using super glue and allowed to cure. The process was then repeated for the external areas of the jet cans this time with a mix of Magnesium (ALC111) and Exhaust Manifold (ALC123). Steel was then applied to the remaining fuselage areas requiring the metallic paintwork

before adding Magnesium in patterns seen in the reference material used. Panel lines were then lightly passed over with Exhaust Manifold to add a burnt appearance before the final touch to give a heated blued look. This was achieved by using a thin mix of Tamiya clear blue sprayed over the lighter metallic areas to give it that distinctive blued appearance often seen on heated metal. To finish off a few of the access panels were treated to unaltered Steel to add a little contrast to the surrounding paint work. The metal areas around the gun muzzle were also painted Steel at the same time to avoid having to use the same colour again in the airbrush. A clear gloss coat was then applied to protect the new paintwork while the main camouflage colours were applied. With the varnish dry the metal areas were then masked off before work continued on the main scheme.

Always a concern when attaching wing folds is the fit in the deployed position, perfect in this kit

The results obtained with Alclad as described in the text

Feeling a Little Blue? The three tone blue camouflage carried by the type would have caused a bit of a headache a few years back as it was difficult for modellers to cross match the paint colours required to an off the shelf product. With the popularity of the subject matter there are now a few brands touting their wares in this department, but for this build Mr Paint (MRP) from Slovakia was to be used for the first time by this modeller. This product it seems has reversed the trend towards water soluble acrylics of recent years and renewed the interest in a lacquer based solvent for the very fine acrylic pigments. MRP has become increasingly easier to obtain in the UK and offers a vast range of colours from the Eastern Bloc along with more traditional shades as well. Before spraying these types of paint, and the Alclad mentioned above, it is wise to wear a respirator/face mask or utilise a spray booth and have a well ventilated work space. These colours were found to spray beautifully and needed only a tiny amount of thinning with cellulose thinners to achieve a fine demarcation line between the camouflage shades when sprayed free hand. They dry quickly and are rock hard when fully dry, so resilient to handling during the rest of the build without wearing away in frequently handled areas, as would some of the more delicate acrylic brands out there. To start things off a base coat of RLM 65 from the Gunze Mr Hobby range of paints was sprayed over the entire surface for the lightest of the three shades, as it looked the best match to the pictures I was using as reference. The demarcation lines for each of the colours were then added lightly in pencil as a guide. The lighter of the two blues (MRP 199) was then applied followed by the darker blue (MRP200), working on small sections of the model at any one time to ease handling. Once completely dry the masking from the metallic areas was removed and the model given a sealing coat of Klear floor polish and

The main paint scheme was worked on in sections to assist with handling the model

Main camouflage finished

The white areas were painted instead of using the kit supplied decals

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S U K H O I S u - 33

The chaff/flare dispensers were masked and painted Alclad steel

Eduard canopy masks saved time

polished to a high gloss finish. In between painting sessions the plethora of under wing bits were assembled and painted. The separate missile fins were painted before attachment to save on the masking. The white areas of the airframe were supplied as decals in the kit, but were marked out with Tamiya masking tape before being painted Tamiya gloss white to attain a better finish. There are also a number of other grills and the like supplied as decals, the chaff/flare buckets on the rear upper fuselage being one of them. These too were masked and painted using Alclad steel.

Decals Two options are included in the kit but no details could be translated from the Russian text. The markings are well printed and in perfect register with good colour reproduction. There is a full suite of stencil and maintenance markings for the airframe and ordinance. Application was straightforward with no adverse reaction noted when Daco Red strong setting solution was used to help them bed down into the engraved surface detail. The weaponry had their markings applied and this was found to be time consuming but worth the effort as it adds a touch of realism.

Final Construction. Underwing ordnance being painted

Items used for adding the decals

Front canopy and ejection seat fitted just waiting for the IRST sensor to be fitted

With the decals on the activity focused on the remaining delicate and ‘sticky out bits’ that would easily ruin during handling in the last section. The undercarriage was dealt with first and was found to be very well detailed if a little fragile. The nose gear leg was built up first and contains nearly a dozen small items that are added to the strut. It was then painted as recommended in the kit instructions before being secured to the nose gear bay with super glue, ensuring correct orientation. Once dry the gear doors were added again with a little super glue to hold them in location before Tamiya Extra Thin was allowed to seep along the joint, for security. The main gear was then treated in the same manner before the model sat on the wheels for the first time. A quick check underneath revealed all the wheels etc. were in alignment, before moving on. The canopy was the next item to be added and it’s worth noting that the Infrared Search and Track (IRST) parts can't be added separately from the front portion of the canopy, as it sits on the canopy glass. Ensuring everything lined up by test fitting the parts showed the front canopy to be a touch too narrow. The time saving nature of the Eduard Canopy masking set (CX475) was put to good use and the clear parts were masked and quickly painted to match the fuselage camouflage. The paint was dry within a few minutes due to the fast drying time of the MRP product, after which the Heads Up Display was secured in place with Gator Grip Clear model glue. The front canopy section was then glued in place with a small

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amount of superglue at the corners and slight downwards pressure exerted to expand the fit and overcome the slight narrowness of the part found during test fitting. The IRST mounting and body was glued on with Gator Grip so alignment could be carried out before the glue dried. The interior parts that make up the main canopy hinge were glued in place before the main transparency was attached. Before addition of the smaller aerials and pitot tubes Master Model’s metal nose probe, AM72048, was added. The nose was too wide at its very tip for the part to sit flush so some slight sanding was carried out with 1,500 grit wet and dry sandpaper. This was held secure around the radome while it was steadily rotated to sand to shape. Once corrected the transition is not noticeable between the plastic of the radome and the metal aftermarket part, so it was held in place with superglue. A quick touch up with white gloss finished the job. The missiles were then added under the wings and to the wing tip rails before the remaining smaller aerials were secured with a minuscule drop of superglue. All that was left was to add some subtle weathering to the airframe and a finishing coat of satin varnish. This was airbrushed on taking extreme care around the clear parts to avoid any over spray.

Conclusions I enjoyed this project immensely and given the amount of detail and options in the kit the build was quite quick. There are a few decals dotted around the model for grills and intakes/vents but in this scale they don't look too out of place. The paint work and decal application took most of the time but was well worth the effort resulting in a very attractive model. The undercarriage was a little fiddly to construct and only time will tell if it will stand up to the rigours of travel to a few model shows, but should be fine sat on a display shelf. The ejection seat looks better for the addition of the Eduard seat belts and catches the eye of the observer when viewed through the open canopy. The instructions are a little confusing at first but once you become familiar with the way they are presented life gets easier. The aircraft is quite a size even in 1/72 and larger than the F-15 I was working on at the same time so it will have some presence in your display. A quick product search on a well known major online retailer’s site shows this kit on sale for £19.99. Considering the detail contained in this kit and the fit of the parts along with the inclusion of the boarding ladder, wheel chocks and FOD covers this makes it good value too in my opinion so it's highly recommended to all but the complete novice. Until next time...

AIRCRAFT iN PROFilE

ISSUE 18

Little Choppers with a Big Sting – Westland’s Scout and Wasp By Richard Mason

The second prototype Saro P.531 Mk 1 G-APNV at the SBAC show at Farnborough, 13th September 1958. Design of the P.531 was started in November 1957 as a private venture improvement of the company's earlier Skeeter. The P.531 first flew on 20th July 1958. Three more developed P.531-0s followed and these were delivered to the Royal Navy for trials and familiarisation. Following evaluation by the Navy a batch of thirty developed aircraft were eventually ordered as the Westland Wasp. Saro had an order for eight preproduction aircraft from the British Army Air Corps for evaluation and trials, and these would have been known as the Saro Sprite, but the company was taken over by Westland Helicopters and these aircraft became the first Westland Scout A.H.1s

F

rom the end of World War ii up until the beginning of the 1960s rotary winged aviation exists in a kind of dark age as far as modellers of British subjects are concerned. Only with the arrival of Westlands in the lexicon do we start to accept the helicopter as a done deal, and while this is undoubtedly unfair to the likes of Saunders Roe, Bell and Bristol it is nonetheless the case that fewer contemporary modellers are mindful of the Skeeter and the Dragonfly than they are of the Wessex, Wasp and Whirlwind. Sadly the latter two have been under kitted, like so many classic types from the British military inventory, and the Wasp and Scout particularly so. in fact considering the warmth with which they are regarded it is remarkable to consider that at the time of writing there is not a single kit in production covering either type. Given such paucity it would be inappropriate to cover the Wasp and Scout separately, and as both were derived from the same developmental programme it is entirely logical to lump them together as everyone else does...

Development and Design With the increasing speed and range of Soviet submarines the Royal Navy acknowledged an urgent requirement for a shipboard machine capable of carrying a torpedo and engaging vessels detected by the parent ship. The concept was known as MATCH, an acronym for Manned Torpedo Carrying Helicopter. The first prototype, initially the Saro P.531 prior to Saro being taken over by Westlands, flew in July 1958 with the prototypes being subject to detailed testing by the Royal Navy, including the evaluation of several different undercarriage layouts, before settling on the definitive arrangement. The first flight of the two preproduction aircraft, designated Sea Scouts, took place on 28th October 1962. Full production soon commenced, with ninety eight being procured for the Royal Navy but the diminutive Wasp carried no sonar of its own, and was limited to working in partnership with its parent ship, other ships or other ASW units. The production aircraft had a four wheeled undercarriage employing a caster design that allowed it to be manoeuvred on

Saunders-Roe Skeeter AOP.12 XM564 of the RAF Central Flying School at RAF Tern Hill in 1962. Progenitor of the Scout/Wasp, the Skeeter entered service with the British Army Air Corps, the German Navy and the German Army during the 1950s and was the first helicopter to be used by the Army Air Corps. While some consideration had been made to developing a version of the Skeeter powered by a turbine instead of a piston engine, it was decided to produce the developmental Saro P.531 for this purpose instead of a more direct Skeeter derivative A Brazilian helicopter participating in exercise Unitas XX in 1979. Brazil’s 1º Esquadrão de Helicópteros de Emprego Geral (HU-1) flew the Wasp from the Navy's Gearing and Allen M. Sumner class destroyers and the Niterói class frigates

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILe

Wasp HAS.1 425 landing on HMS Bacchante in December 1976. HMS Bacchante was a Leander class frigate built by Vickers on the Tyne, launched on 29th February 1968 and commissioned on 17th October 1969

XT786 of 829 squadron on the platform at De Kooy air station in the north west of Holland, 17th February 1983

US Navy crewmen aboard the guided missile cruiser USS Springfield pull the chocks from a Royal Navy Westland Wasp HAS.1 assigned to the frigate HMS Arethusa. The helicopter had delivered mail to the Springfield during an exercise in the North Atlantic small, pitching flight decks. The Wasp had the ability to achieve negative pitch from the rotor blades which enabled the aircraft to stabilise itself upon the deck until the lashings were attached. Additional fuel tankage was installed in the cabin floor and both the tail boom and main rotor blades were foldable to allow stowage in the small hangars fitted to the first generation helicopter carrying escorts. The Wasp was fitted with a winch above the starboard rear door, and also had the capacity to carry under slung loads from the semi-automatic cargo release unit mounted under the fuselage. With a crew of two and the capacity to seat three passengers the aircraft was useful for short range transport missions, and for casualty evacuation with room for one stretcher fitted across the rear cabin area. Later Wasps were equipped to carry the Nord SS.11 wire guided missile, with the fitting of the aimer’s sight in the port cockpit roof and the installation of large inflatable emergency floats in sponsons on either side of the cabin to prevent capsizing of the top heavy aircraft in the event of ditching.

G-CBUI a Wasp HAS.1 is privately owned in Surrey and flies in its original Royal Navy markings as XT420, seen here at the September 2005 Yeovilton Air Day

The Wasp HAS.1 was introduced to service in the small ships role in 1964, after an intensive period of

trials by 700(W) IFTU between June 1963 and March 1964. It served in this primary role with 829 Naval Air Squadron, but also in training units to supply crews for the front line with 706 NAS between 1965 and 1967 and in 703 NAS between 1972 and 1981. Single airframes also served for light liaison duties in the Commando Assault squadrons 845 NAS and 848 NAS until 1973. The Wasp’s most notorious action took place on 25th April 1982 during the Falklands War, when the Argentinian submarine ARA Santa Fe was spotted by a Wessex helicopter from HMS Antrim. The Wessex and a Westland Lynx HAS.2 from HMS Brilliant then attacked it with depth charges, a Mk 46 torpedo and also strafed it with GPMG fire. A Wasp launched from HMS Plymouth and two Wasps launched from HMS Endurance fired AS.12 anti ship missiles at the submarine, scoring hits. Santa Fe was damaged badly enough to prevent her from submerging. The crew abandoned the submarine at the jetty on South Georgia and surrendered to the British forces. The last Wasp was finally withdrawn from service in 1988 when the last of the Type 12 Rothesay class frigates was decommissioned. Foreign users of the Wasp

The first prototype Westland Wasp HAS.1 at the SBAC show, Farnborough, 8th September 1962. The aircraft did not fly until 28th October 1962

Westland Wasp HAS.1 (AH-12A) 244 of the Royal Dutch Navy at RNAS Portland in 1967. The Royal Netherlands Navy’s Wasp helicopters operated from six Van Speijk class antisubmarine frigates. The shore base was at De Kooy

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE included the Royal Malaysian Navy, who acquired the type in April 1988, although they served barely ten years before being replaced by the Eurocopter Fennec. The Royal New Zealand Navy acquired the first four of an eventual nineteen machines in 1966, only retiring them in 1998, to be replaced by the SH-2 Seasprite as a stop gap until the Arrival of the SH-2G(NZ). The Royal Netherlands Navy received twelve Wasp helicopters between November 1966 and June 1967, operated from Van Speijk class frigates as AH-12As and flown in the ASW role. The last of the Dutch Wasps were eventually withdrawn from service in 1981 when they were replaced by the Westland Lynx. Ten Surplus Dutch Navy Helicopters were refurbished by Westlands for the Indonesian Navy, serving until 1998. When at sea these were embarked upon the Indonesian Navy's ex Royal Navy Tribal class and ex Dutch Navy Van Speijk class frigates. The Brazilian Navy operated the Wasp as the UH-2 and UH-2A taking delivery of three new build helicopters in April 1966 and a further seven ex Royal Navy helicopters in 1977. Finally the South African Navy received their

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS (Westland Wasp) Crew: One pilot, one crewman Capacity: Up to four passengers Length: Including rotor 40ft 4in (12.30m) Rotor diameter: 32ft 3in (9.83m) Height: 8ft 11in (2.72m) Empty weight: 3452lb (1,569kg) Maximum take-off weight: 5,500lb (2,500kg) Powerplant: 1 × Rolls-Royce Nimbus 103 turboshaft Maximum speed: 120mph (104 knots, 193km/h Range: 303 miles (263NM, 488km) Service ceiling: 12,200ft (3,720m) Armament: 2 x Mk 44 or 1 x Mk 46 torpedo or 2 x Mk 44 depth charges or WE.177 600lb nuclear depth bomb 4 x SS.11s replaced by 2 x AS.12 missiles GPMG, 4.5 flares, smoke/flame floats s

first batch of ten new build airframes in 1963, followed by a further six in 1973. The South African Navy withdrew their last Wasp in 1990.

Royal Navy Operators 700W Naval Air Squadron 703 Naval Air Squadron 705 Naval Air Squadron 706 Naval Air Squadron 771 Naval Air Squadron 829 Naval Air Squadron 845 Naval Air Squadron 848 Naval Air Squadron 860 Naval Air Squadron

Westland Wasp HAS.1 XT434 of 829 NAS based at RNAS Portland (Mike Freer)

Westland Scout The Westland Scout shared a common genesis with the Wasp, deriving from the Saro P.531 and becoming a success for Westland when they took over development on acquiring Saro. Originally named the Sprite, the Scout was designed around a Ministry of Defence requirement for a five or six seat general purpose helicopter. The production Scout AH.1 used a Rolls-Royce Nimbus engine with the first Army Scout AH Mk 1 flying on 4th August 1960. Deliveries commenced in early 1963 and following extensive trials the aircraft was released for operations. The light utility machine was equipped with two front seats with a three seat bench to the rear, although this could be replaced with a four seat bench when fitted with modified rear doors. When fitted as a light attack helicopter, it carried either two, skid mounted, forward firing machine gun packs or a single pintle mounted machine gun in the rear cabin available in both port and starboard mountings. In the antitank role, it could carry four guided missiles. A wide variety of weapons and equipment were evaluated by the AAC's Development Wing at Middle Wallop, Hampshire, although many were never adopted. Amongst these were the 7.62mm General Electric minigun and the two inch rocket pod. Studies were also carried out for a pintle mounted M2 Browning machine gun in place of the standard 7.62 GPMG, and the French AME.621 20mm cannon. About 150 Scouts were built through 1968, primarily at the Fairey Aviation Division factory at Hayes. The Scout formed the backbone of the Army Air Corps throughout the 1960s and well into the 1970s, although engine problems delayed its initial introduction until 1963 and even then there were teething troubles with engine failures responsible for the loss of at least eleven military and civilian registered aircraft. The engine life of the Nimbus during the early part of its service was notoriously low, with four to six flying hours being the norm. Operational experience and development work steadily

Westland Wasp HAS.1 XT787 (G-KAXT). Transferred to New Zealand in 1982 as NZ3905, the aircraft retired in 1997 and returned to the UK, and has been flying under civil ownership since 2002. The aircraft is seen here on the flightline during the Fly Navy air show at Old Warden, Bedfordshire on 5th June 2016 (Alan Wilson)

Wasp HAS.1 XV636 of 829 Naval Air Squadron based at RNAS Portland, in formation with XS541, later delivered to the Malaysian Air Force as M499-02 (Mike Freer)

A 660 Squadron AAC Scout landing at Ping-Chau Island, on exercise from RAF Sek Kong/Shek Kong Airfield, 1983

Westland Scout AH1 XP853 at SBAC show Farnborough, 8th September 1962

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILe

Westland Scout XW613 at RIAT, 2005 (Tim Felce) A Scout of 657 Squadron with SS.11 wire-guided antitank missiles at RAF Wyton, 16th July 1983 (Rob Schlieffert)

3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron Scout fitted with SS.11 guided missiles, seen in 1978

Westland Scout AH.1 XR628, 8 Flight AAC, Habilayn 1967, armed with two skid mounted GPMGS and one pintle mounted GPMG in the cabin (David Biddulph)

A challenge for modellers in any scale is the Westland Scout engine detail, seen at the Midland Air Museum, Coventry (Roland Turner)

improved the reliability of the Nimbus and by 1964 engine life had improved to two or three engine changes per 1,000 flying hours. Like the Wasp, the Scout could be fitted with flotation gear and a Lucas air driven hoist, which had a lift capacity of 600lb (270kg). In the antitank role, four SS.11 ATGWs were carried. These could be carried in conjunction with the pintle mounted GPMG. During the Falklands campaign, the SS.11 achieved some success. About 150 Scout helicopters were acquired for the Army Air Corps and were operated by them up until 1994. The Scout saw operational service in Borneo, Aden, Oman, Rhodesia, Northern Ireland and the South Atlantic. In Northern Ireland the Scout pioneered the use of the Heli-Tele aerial surveillance system, having a gyro stabilised Marconi unit fitted into the rear cabin. The Heli-Tele unit weighed some 700lb (320kg), although later developments reduced this significantly. The aircraft was also used for mounting Eagle patrols, in which role the rear cabin doors and seats were removed and four troops sat in the rear cabin with their feet resting on the skids. Operating with two aircraft in unison, this allowed an eight man patrol to be quickly inserted into an area and mount snap vehicle check points (VCPs) if necessary. Because of the specialist nature of operations in Northern Ireland, a particularly important piece of equipment was introduced in the form of the Nightsun 3.5 million candle power searchlight. Operations at night were greatly enhanced with the introduction of night vision goggles (NVGs) although these missions could still be hazardous. This was evident on the night of 2nd December 1978, when the pilot of XW614, 659 Squadron became disorientated during a sortie and crashed into Lough Ross, killing the two crew. XW614 was the last of five Scouts written off during operations in the Province. The Scout did not achieve the same export success as the Wasp, with

the Royal Jordanian Air Force acquiring three helicopters, two operated by Uganda and two by Bahrain, which were operated by the Bahrain Public Security Force in police service roles. The Scout never received civilian airworthiness certification, which prevented it from being sold to civilian operators, and meant that the design was used exclusively by the army from the outset. Two Scout helicopters were acquired by the Royal Australian Navy in April 1963 and were operated by 723 Naval Air Squadron, with the aircraft being rotated aboard the hydrographic survey ship HMAS Moresby. The RAN operated these helicopters up until 1973, when they were replaced by Bell 206B-1 Kiowas.

General characteristics (Westland scout) crew: One pilot, one crewman capacity: Up to five passengers length: 30ft 4in (9.25m) rotor diameter: 32ft 3in (9.83m) height: 8ft 11in (2.72m) empty weight: 3,232lb (1,465kg) Maximum take-off weight: 5,300lb (2,405kg) Powerplant: 1 × Rolls-Royce Nimbus 101 turboshaft Maximum speed: 131mph (115 knots, 213km/h) range: 315 miles (274NM, 507km) service ceiling: 17,700ft (5,400m) armament: Guns: 1 or 2 x L7 GPMG machine guns Missiles: 4 x SS.11 antitank guided missiles

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

AIRCRAFT IN PROFILE

Modelling Options...

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f the Luftwaffe had flown the Westland Wasp or Scout in 1946 we would no doubt be inundated by high quality kits of both. Sadly they did not, so while modellers are left with little option but to contemplate their stock of Plasticard and Albion Alloys tubing, we are left wondering how to fill this page.

We could make stuff up, but that won’t be necessary as no doubt any amount of kits are just around the corner. In the meantime such product as actually has been released continues to line our lofts as we deliberate whether or not to start an enormous scratch building commitment in the sure and certain knowledge that it will not be finished before the new toolings arrive. If there has been a 1/144 release then it will almost certainly be a solid resin job onto which you are invited to paint the windows and in fact there is a company online advertising a 3D printed item in both 1/72 and 1/144 that looks to be precisely that. Moving up to 1/72 we are on more certain ground with the Airfix Scout kit, which has seen a number of reboxings since 1966. This kit is one of the timeless classics from the vintage range and as such can be built into a neat little Scout as long as you are prepared to take some time and care over the transparency, or plunge mould a replacement as its fit has never been stellar. Freightdog have had a Wasp under development for some time for release under the Rotorcraft label, and while it will no doubt be a little masterpiece it will also probably sell out immediately so keep your eyes and ears open. In 1/48 the only kit we are aware of is the out-of-production Fujimi tooling. Fetching high prices on Internet auctions, this kit is now showing its age and most sources regard it as closer to 1/50 than 1/48, though given its scarcity that's probably not an issue for most of us. Neither version has been kitted in the larger scales, although a 1/35 Scout would certainly dress up that

diorama of Bessbrook Mill you have been planning. Hopefully Fly will follow up their 1/32 Wessex with a Wasp. We can but dream. So kits have been scarce. Decals and accessories have been likewise thin on the ground although there have been a couple of conversion packages in 1/72, both Aeroclub and Airwaves having released sets to convert the Airfix Scout to a Wasp. Tasman issued a vacform canopy for the Wasp in 1/72, and there was a set of conversion parts issued by C-Scale, again for the Airfix Scout-to-Wasp option, but the availability of this is unknown. Airwaves in fact have had several useful items in their range. At time of writing set AEC72165 has been reissued, but this only offers etched details for the base Airfix Scout kit, the canopies and the metal parts allowing a full conversion to the Wasp remaining currently out of production. Airwaves offerings were comprehensive and included missile pylons and launch rails, resin weapons sets for a Falklands War Scout and three different vacform canopy sets covering the Wasp and the Scout. As for the 1/48 Fujimi kit, we are not aware of any aftermarket products aimed at this elusive item. As and when you complete your Wasp conversion you will, of course, require decals. Modelart famously issued a sheet, 72036, offering several choices, but less wellknown is their sheet 72016, which includes schemes for both the Scout and the Wasp. Aztec released a set in both 1/72 and 1/48 covering the Falklands War, which includes Westland Wasps, while for Brazilian machines FCM’s Brazilian Collection includes the Wasp, again in both scales. Hawkeye Models also issued a sheet for RAN Wasps in 1/72, while Dutch Decal include an option for a Kon. Marine Wasp on their sheet 72018. The good news is that as and when the new kits arrive – have faith! – there is a first class work of reference available in the shape of the new Warpaint title, Warpaint 110 Westland Scout & Wasp by Adrian M. Balch.

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A Malta Story Continued PART 1 Operations Oppidan, Hansford and Bowery. USS Wasp's Second Spitfire Delivery to Malta 24 April to 9 May 1942

By Paul Lucas Spitfire Vc, BR126/3•X, Operation Bowery. Finish is in the Temperate Sea scheme of BS381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey) and BS381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey), with the underside in BS381c: 210 Sky (Vallejo 71.302 Sky Type S). Codes are in White with the serials in Night.

A

description of the colour schemes thought to have been applied to the Spitfires dispatched to Malta as a result of Operations Newman and Calendar, the first of USS Wasp's Spitfire delivery missions during 1942 was covered in 'A Malta Story' which was published in the December 2015 and January 2016 issues of Scale Aircraft Modelling. This article continues the narrative from the end of 'A Malta Story' in the January 2016 issue. The large influx of Spitfires to Malta as the result of Operation Calendar provoked a furious response from the Axis. Within a few days, the number of available Spitfires had become so depleted through enemy action that Malta was forced to appeal to London for further reinforcements. As a result of this, Churchill approached President Roosevelt to be allowed to use USS Wasp to reinforce Malta for a second time. Once approval for this had been given, the Air Ministry put the wheels in motion with a minute entitled 'Reinforcement of Middle East Command' dated 24 April 1942. This stated that fifty Spitfire Mk Vcs were to be prepared and ferried to Renfriew to be embarked in a special carrier and that ‘Aircraft are to be sea

camouflaged before embarkation.’ As in previous documents, there does not appear to have been any attempt to define exactly what was meant by the term 'sea camouflage'. This stipulation with regard to the camouflage finish was not however, included in Movement Order 438 dated 26 April 1942, the same date on which the first Spitfires arrived at Renfriew. Once again, 6 MU at Brize Norton was involved in preparing some of the Spitfires concerned. The relevant ORB entries between 24 and 30 April are as follows: 24/4/42 Urgent Commitment No.449 – Preparation of Spitfire aircraft for overseas received by signal. 25/4/42 Riggers, Fitters and Armourers worked all night on Commitment No.449. 26/4/42 A number of civilian personnel worked all night last night on Spitfire aircraft on Commitment No.449. 30/4/42 W/Cdr Matson HQ 41 Group visited unit to congratulate those concerned on production of aircraft against special commitments. No further details are given as to exactly what work was being carried out on the Spitfires to ready them for dispatch, but it might not

be unreasonable to assume that some of them were being 'sea camouflaged' in a similar manner to their predecessors for Operation Newman unless the Air Ministry had issued instructions to the contrary. Wing Commander P.J. Gomez, who was to accompany the aircraft as Wing Commander Flying, was issued a directive with regard to his responsibilities dated 28 April. Paragraph 7 stated that: ‘You are to supervise the final preparation of the aircraft and the briefing of the pilots immediately before take off from the carrier. By personal examination of each pilot and general inspection of each aircraft thoroughly satisfy yourself:...(ii) that the aircraft are fit and ready in all respects to undertake this flight.’ As an aid to carrying out these instructions, the Wing Commander appears to have made out a check list of points he needed to address. With regard to the aircraft, point number six on this list is ‘sea camouflaged’ and this has been ticked off and crossed through. He must therefore have been satisfied that this had been done, at least to some extent. Though he later tendered a report to the Air Ministry on Operation Oppidan dated 10 May 1942, no mention is made in it of the camouflage

scheme of the aircraft or of any repainting which might have been carried out. The questions as to what sea camouflage was applied, when, where and by whom therefore remain uncertain. Despite the instructions that the Spitfires were to be sea camouflaged before being embarked, there is a well-known series of photographs that show a number of Spitfires such as BR226 being hoist aboard USS Wasp following her arrival back in Port Glasgow on 30 April. In these photographs the Spitfires appear to still be finished in desert colours on the upper surface and have the whole of the Vokes filter finished in the under surface colour. As mentioned above, the first Spitfires to be ferried to Renfriew for Operation Oppidan arrived there on 26 April, the same day that Movement Order 438 was issued. The seven Spitfires that arrived at Renfriew were BR246, BR198, BR226, BR248, BR244, BR126 and BP993, which all came from 8 MU with the exception of BR198, which came from 39 MU. Of these, BP965, BR246 and BR198 had been left behind during Operation Calendar for which they had been sea camouflaged by the ASUs. The other five Spitfires, including BR226, appear to have left the ASUs still finished in desert camouflage. These were not the only Spitfires to arrive at Renfriew in desert

Spitfire Vc, BR344/3•M. Finish is in 20-B Deck Blue (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Sea Grey*) and M-485 Non-Specular Blue Grey (Vallejo 71.109 Faded PRU Blue) to the upper surfaces with the undersides in Azure Blue (Vallejo 71.108 UK Azure Blue). Note the scalloped edge to the lower demarcation.

52 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M Upper view showing Spitfire Vc, BR344/3•M. Finish is in 20-B Deck Blue (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Sea Grey*) and M-485 Non-Specular Blue Grey (Vallejo 71.109 Faded PRU Blue) to the upper surfaces with the undersides in Azure Blue (Vallejo 71.108 UK Azure Blue).

camouflage as photographs show other Spitfires such as BP972, which arrived at Renfriew on 28 April and BR128, which arrived at Renfriew on 29 April, both from 8 MU, also to have been finished in this manner when loaded aboard USS Wasp. On the other hand, it would appear that a number of Spitfires were camouflaged at the ASUs in a similar manner to those that had been sea camouflaged for Operation Calendar, that is to say with Temperate Sea Scheme upper surfaces and Sky under surfaces. Two examples of this appear to be BR126 coded 3-X aboard USS Wasp which arrived at Renfriew from 8 MU on 28 April and BR136 coded 3B aboard USS Wasp which arrived at Renfriew from 30 MU on 29 April. As can be seen from the camouflage schemes applied to BR126 and BR128, Spitfires from 8 MU were being delivered in both desert and sea camouflage simultaneously with Spitfires in both finishes arriving at Renfriew on the same day, 28 April. Unfortunately 8 MU's ORB makes no mention whatsoever of any 'special commitments' or any other involvement in Operation Oppidan. It is not known if the Air Ministry arranged for a further supply of dope to be sent to Abbotsinch or Renfriew for Operation Oppidan as neither of the RAF reports seen by the author make any mention of aircraft camouflage whatsoever, but by this time it might be the case that having issued the relevant instructions that ‘Aircraft are to be sea camouflaged before embarkation’, the Air Ministry expected all this work to be done by the ASUs prior to dispatch and therefore no provision was deemed necessary to repaint any of the Spitfires in Scotland. Thus there was no British paint to put aboard USS Wasp to apply to the Spitfires that had been loaded aboard in desert camouflage during Operation Oppidan for Operation Bowery.

US Navy Paint? For many years it has been suggested that Spitfires loaded aboard USS Wasp during the Malta operations in desert camouflage were over-painted whilst aboard in some kind of blue or blue grey paint, possibly of American origin. Though none of the anecdotes ever seem to pin down which of the two deliveries is being referred to, the gist of the story is that on the first night at sea after sailing, the US Naval Aviators were entertaining their RAF guests in the Wardroom when discussion turned to the colour scheme of the Spitfires. The officer commanding the RAF contingent was unhappy with the desert camouflage colours as the Mid Stone segments of the scheme in particular would be very prominent over the sea. As a result of this discussion, the following day, the USS Wasp's crew produced some paint and brushes and set to work repainting the upper surfaces of the Spitfires in some sort of blue or blue grey colour. Because it is now known that all the Spitfires that were loaded aboard the USS Wasp for Operation Calendar were finished on their upper surfaces in some sort of grey and green scheme and some of them were probably repainted Dark Mediterranean Blue and Sky Blue aboard USS Wasp using British paint supplied by the Air Ministry, it now appears almost certain that anecdotes of American paint of some description being used to repaint desert camouflaged Spitfires aboard USS Wasp belong to Operation Bowery, not Operation Calendar. The examples offered here serve to illustrate the type of anecdotal evidence of desert camouflaged Spitfires being over painted whilst

aboard USS Wasp that have appeared in recent years. The first is an extract from an Email quoted by Brian Cauchi on p.126 of his book 'Malta Spitfire Vs – 1942: Their Colours and Markings'. ‘A US sailor who was on the US carrier confirmed that: 'when the British Sqn Ldr said that he was not too happy about the desert colours on his Spitfires, they got the paint which they were using on the Wildcats and overpainted the Spitfires on the way to Malta.’ The second appeared on the Internet, posted anonymously, and was stated to be an unprompted reminiscence as told to two people who had no background knowledge of the subject: ‘My late grandfather was an RAF ground crew member who was put on board Wasp to maintain the Spitfires and prep them for the flight to Malta. Both my father and I remember him saying that the Spitfires were painted with deck paint from US stores during the voyage. I remember him also saying that they repainted them several times on the way and were quite surprised when they actually took off due to the extra weight of the paint. I suspect that they were delivered in desert camouflage. I seem to remember him saying that at one stage there was some green added to the scheme. I also remember him saying that the underside was repainted at least once, but I couldn't remember him saying what colour.’ This account is interesting as it appears to contain elements of all the camouflage scheme changes that were carried out during both Operation Calendar and Operation Bowery. It is unclear whether any of the Maintenance Party who took part in Operations Newman/ Calendar also

BS 381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey)

BS 381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey)

BS 381c: 210 Sky (Vallejo 71.302 Sky Type S)

20-B Deck Blue (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Sea Grey*)

M-485 Non-Specular Blue Grey (Vallejo 71.109 Faded PRU Blue)

Azure Blue (Vallejo 71.108 UK Azure Blue)

* Denotes approximate colour match. For more details on Vallejo’s excellent range of colours, please visit their website at: http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 38 • ISSUE 06

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CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M took part in Operations Oppidan/Bowery. According to an RAF report on Operation Oppidan: ‘Information was received from A.M., (D.S.M.) a.m. 29.4 that the Maintenance Party – expected to arrive in the Clyde a.m. 30.4, on the carrier, had been put off at Castletown together with all the maintenance stores and sent back to their stations. It was not clear at the end of the operations at Renfriew who had been responsible

for this mistake but the Maintenance Party, of course, were ignorant that they had been earmarked for a new operation. Air Ministry were to do everything possible to recall the personnel in time for embarkation but it was doubtful if they could all be recalled. 13. It was decided that so far as necessary, personnel from the original Maintenance Party would have to be replaced (by request for volunteers) out of the parties from 30 M.U. and Fighter Command (para. 2 refers) available at Abbotsinch...’ This part of the report at least makes it clear that if any of the Air Ministry supplied dope that had been put aboard for Operation Calendar had been left over, it would have been put ashore at Castletown along with everything else. Therefore if the desert camouflaged Spitfires that were put aboard USS Wasp for Operation Bowery were repainted whilst on board it is probably more likely to have been with US Navy issue paint than RAF. If US Navy paint was used, it has long been suggested that there were only two viable options, both of which are suggested in the anecdotes given above. The first option was aircraft specification finish M-485 Non-Specular Blue Gray, which was used as the upper surface camouflage on USS Wasp's own aircraft, whilst the second option was warship specification Deck Blue 20-B, which was applied to external steel decks as part of the USS Wasp's camouflage scheme. With regard to the possibility that M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray was used, it has been argued that this was unlikely for two reasons. The first is that though it would have been the right sort of paint being intended for application to aircraft, there would not have been enough of it on board to repaint fifty Spitfires. This argument is based on two premises, the first that all fifty Spitfires would have required repainting and second that they would have all been painted on the upper surfaces with the same single colour. The first premise no longer holds true since it is now known that a number of Spitfires went aboard USS Wasp finished in the ASU applied Temperate Sea Scheme. The second premise might also be false since there would appear to be no reason why some Spitfires could not have been painted in M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray whilst others might have been painted in another colour if there was not sufficient M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray to repaint all the Spitfires.

Whilst it is acknowledged that there might be some debate as to the exact hue of M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray, there is no room

here to explore the topic. Suffice to say that for the purposes of this article the colour chip labelled 'Blue Gray 1' in 'The Official Monogram US Navy & Marine Corps Aircraft Colour Guide Vol 2 19401949' by J.M. Elliott, which is stated to be the

without any significant degradation in its mechanical properties and performance. More recently however a third possibility has emerged as the well-known and respected US aviation historian Dana Bell has stated that USS Wasp was one of two Aircraft Carriers that was involved in trials of an experimental USN aircraft finish called Dark Blue, which was supposed to be a near match for the hue

of the 250-N flight deck stain applied to the flight deck. He also stated that this Dark Blue colour was supposedly applied to half of USS Wasp's Air Group before going on to suggest the possibility that this colour might have been that applied to the Spitfires. In this author’s opinion, this suggestion has considerable merit for the following reasons: 1) Given that it was supposed to be a similar colour to the 250-N flight deck stain and Deck Blue 20-B, it would presumably have been a dark blue-grey colour and therefore have been a suitable hue for the purpose. 2) It was to an aircraft finish specification and would therefore be suitable for application to the Spitfires from a technical aspect. 3) Given that the Dark Blue finish is said to have been applied to half the aircraft of Wasp's Air Group, those eyewitnesses who described the finish applied to the Spitfires as being that also applied to the F-4Fs could have been correct.

Lower view showing Spitfire Vc, BR344/3•M. Finish is in 20-B Deck Blue (Vallejo 71.053 Dark Sea Grey*) and M-485 Non-Specular Blue Grey (Vallejo 71.109 Faded PRU Blue) to the upper surfaces with the undersides in Azure Blue (Vallejo 71.108 UK Azure Blue). colour found by Grumman Aerospace during restoration of the National Air and Space Museum FM-2, approximately FS 35189, is accepted here as being representative of the colour of M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray. As rendered in the book, the colour appears to be very similar to RAF PRU Blue, which had a diffuse reflectivity of approximately fourteen percent. With regard to the possibility that Deck Blue 20-B was used, as its name implies, Deck Blue 20B was intended for use on external steel decks and was to an entirely different material specification to the 250-N flight deck stain, which was used to colour the wooden flight deck though it was intended to be the same colour. Deck Blue 20-B was a very dark blue grey colour with a seven percent diffuse reflectivity, which compares with ten percent for Extra Dark Sea Grey. In FS 595 terms, it is similar to FS 36099. Deck Blue 20-B has been suggested as possibly being applied to the Spitfires on account of it being available in a sufficient quantity of a ready mixed colour, which could be thinned sufficiently to be applied to an aircraft

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4) A finish that was either the same or a similar colour to the 250-N flight deck stain applied to the wooden flight deck and Deck Blue 20-B paint applied to the steel decks might be described by the casual observer as 'deck paint' on account of its hue, even if it was an aircraft specification finish and not any kind of ship paint. Thus those eyewitnesses who described the finish applied to the Spitfires as being 'deck paint' were accurately describing the colour they remembered. 5) If Dark Blue was used on only half the Wasp's Air Group, this might explain why some photographs show the Spitfires to be darker than the F-4Fs whilst other photographs appear to show them to be about the same colour. 6) If the Dark Blue had been supplied for trial purposes, it might have been the case that the quantity remaining after half the Wasp's Air Group had been finished with it for the trial was considered surplus to requirements and donating it to the RAF was a convenient way of disposing of it. In summary, surplus USN Dark Blue trial paint would be a suitable colour to an appropriate material specification, which if actually used would reconcile the available apparently conflicting anecdotal and photographic

CO LO U R C O N U N D R U M

Spitfire Vc, BR136/3•B. Finish is in the Temperate Sea scheme of BS381c: 640 Extra Dark Sea Grey (Vallejo 71.110 US Dark Grey) and BS381c: 634 Dark Slate Grey (Vallejo 71.309 Dark Slate Grey), with the underside in BS381c: 210 Sky (Vallejo 71.302 Sky Type S). Codes are in White with the serials in Night. evidence thus offering a credible solution to the USN colour aspect of this conundrum. What quantity of any of the possible USN colours was available is unknown, as is the extent to which the Spitfires might have been repainted so as to have their upper surfaces painted entirely with M-485 Blue Gray or alternatively Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B. To the best of the author’s knowledge, one thing that has never been suggested in relation to repainting Spitfires aboard USS Wasp is the possibility that both M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray and Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B might have been used on the same Spitfire to maintain the disruptive camouflage pattern on the upper surfaces. Not only would such a practice reduce the amount of both types of paint needed to camouflage a given number of Spitfires by about half thus allowing twice as many aircraft to be treated in the same scheme, but if the approximate match to FS 35189 for M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray and FS 36099 for Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B are accepted, then the result would have been a two tone blue grey scheme, which it has been suggested was used on some Malta Spitfires. Evidence to support this idea might be found in the widely reproduced photograph of BR344, coded 3-M aboard USS Wasp. Bearing in mind all the usual caveats of trying to interpret the tones visible in a black and white photograph, the upper surfaces appear to have a two tone disruptive colour scheme of relatively clear contrast. On one hand, the contrast between the two colours does not appear to be great enough to suggest the presence of the Desert Scheme, whilst on the other hand, the contrast between the two colours appears to be too great be the Temperate Sea Scheme. The possibility that this Spitfire might be finished in a scheme applied aboard USS Wasp using colours such as M-485 Non Specular Blue Gray and Dark Blue/Deck Blue 20-B might also be supported by the highly unusual irregular undulating demarcation line between the upper and under surface colours visible along the rear fuselage, which is atypical of the usual British practice whilst being common on US Navy aircraft in the Non-Specular Blue Gray and Light Gray scheme of the period as applied to USS Wasp's Air Group.

Operation Hansford Whilst special arrangements for the two USS Wasp deliveries were being made, 8 April had seen the dispatch of thirty two crated Spitfires to

Gibraltar in the ships of Convoy OG 82 under the code name 'Operation Hansford' with the intention of flying them to Malta from HMS Eagle in the same manner as Operations Spotter and Picket. Unfortunately HMS Eagle's steering gear was unserviceable until 28 April, which meant that she was unable to take part in Operation Calendar. As a result of this, the first of the Operation Hansford Spitfires did not reach Malta until delivered as part of Operation Bowery on 9 May. On 7 April AHQ Malta had requested that the Air Ministry see that Spitfires destined for Malta should be sea camouflaged either before leaving the UK or at Gibraltar. On the following day an internal Air Ministry minute to the Chief of the Air Staff stated that: ‘2. D.O.Ops is sending a signal to Gibraltar to arrange if possible for the aircraft sent there for Operation 'Hansford' to be re-camouflaged before being embarked on the carrier.’

Movements Instruction No.1 dated 30 April 1942 referred to in the previous article which stated that Malta's camouflage requirements were ‘Duck-egg blue underneath and plain Mediterranean blue above’ had been issued.

Serial Numbers The following list of serial numbers is taken from the RAF report on Operation Oppidan. The order in which the serial numbers appear may be indicative of the order in which the aircraft arrived at Renfriew: Arrivals on 26 April – BR246, BR198, BR226, BR248, BR244, BR126 and BP993. Arrivals on 27 April – BR133, BP990, BP992, BR291, BP971, BR282, BR290, BR292, BP280, BR346, BP991, BR131, BR245, BR131 and BR345. Arrivals on 28 April – BP989, BP972, BP242, BR251, BR161, BR137, BR344, BR348, BR301 and BR283.

The Air Ministry replied to AHQ Malta by signal AX. 500 dated 8 April, repeated to Gibraltar stating that as many as possible would be done. The same signal then goes on to state that:

Arrivals on 29 April – BR353, BR352, BR354, BR196, BR256, BR549, BR299, BR347, BR230, BR303, BR299, BR285, BR128, BR306, BR136,BR350,BP956, BR296, BR293 and BR300.

‘Gibraltar should also do those referred to in my AX. 322 25 March.’

Arrival on 1 May – BP977.

AX.322 was apparently in reference to Operation Hansford, but unfortunately does not appear to have remained on file. That the Hansford Spitfires were repainted appears to be confirmed by Signal A. 151 dated 24 April to the Air Ministry from RAF Gibraltar. This states

Arrival on 30 April – BR294. Of these Spitfires, BR246, BR198, BR256, BR299 and BR250 were left behind for a variety of reasons. This list only covers the Spitfires that were put aboard the USS Wasp in Port Glasgow and does not cover those from Operation Hansford, which were put aboard HMS Eagle at Gibraltar which also deployed to Malta during Operation Bowery.

Operation Hansford Aircraft are being erected in Hangar at New Camp. They will be recamouflaged and the compasses will be swung it will therefore not repeat not be necessary to use Fulmars when flying off. Aircraft will be transferred to Eagle during darkness.’ Though no photographs are known to exist of these aircraft, it is tempting to speculate that the repainting referred to above would have involved replacing the Desert Scheme on the upper surface with Dark Mediterranean Blue and also possibly repainting the under surfaces Sky Blue since it would appear from the Spitfires delivered during Operation Picket II that Gibraltar understood that 'sea camouflage' for Malta was not a reference to the Temperate Sea Scheme. In addition to this, by the time that the first Hansford Spitfires left Gibraltar for Malta aboard HMS Eagle for Operation Bowery on 8 May, Amendment No.1 to Headquarters, M.E. Air

Markings Spitfires photographed aboard USS Wasp appear to have been marked in an identical manner to the Spitfires of Operation Calendar in white characters with a number '3' or '4' on one side of the roundel and a letter on the other. This would appear to be a straightforward progression from the markings applied during Operation Calendar where the Spitfires were coded '1' and '2'. So far as is known, no photographs exist showing the Hansford Spitfires from HMS Eagle, which might have been coded 'C' along with a number as has been suggested by one respected author. Whatever codes were carried, it is known that some Spitfires retained these codes for some time following their arrival and consequently carried them into combat.

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 38 • ISSUE 06

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AT TAC K E R

Enhancing Miniwing's Attacker By Huw Morgan

Attacker in Miniature

The kit offers two schemes, Fleet Air Arm and Pakistani Air Force

The kit decals

Supermarine Attacker FB2 Kit No: Mini074 Scale: 1/144 Type: Resin Manufacturer: Miniwing Hannants/Rare-Plane Detective

M The Shelf Oddity etched brass is beautifully produced, well up there with the industry's best

Miniwing's kit is made up of twenty nine resin parts if you count the guns and rockets individually

iniwing's Attacker FB2 has been around for a couple of years now, and back in November 2015 my SIG 144 colleague Mike Verier reviewed and built the kit for SAM. More recently, an etched brass detail set has become available from Polish company Shelf Oddity who focus on 1/144, making an encore worthwhile.

The Attacker was an unfortunate aeroplane, a little too ahead of its time in terms of available engine power, and a little behind the times in terms of its straight wings, tail dragger fuselage and fat body. Nevertheless, it formed an important link for the immediate postwar Royal Navy as its first carrier borne jet, ushering in the improved capability of the Swift and Scimitar. Born of expediency, the Attacker mated the laminar flow wing of the Spiteful with a new fuselage built around the Nene 102 centrifugal flow engine.

The basic kit also offers an option of clear resin or vacformed canopies and a small brass fret with the missile launch rails and a few antennae

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Miniwing's kit comprises twenty nine parts in nicely cast cream resin, together with clear resin or vacformed canopies and a small fret of etched brass for the rocket launch rails and a couple of antennae. Shelf Oddity's brass adds another fifty six parts, primarily for the undercarriage and intake boundary layer splitters, although there is a significant insert for the upper fuselage to represent the intake blow-in doors on the spine, and which will require major surgery if the doors are to be shown open. To add some variety I decided to model the aircraft with the outer wing panels folded, so some scratch building would be the order of the day. The kit offers two schemes: • WP 286, 101/J, 800 Naval Air Squadron, FAA, HMS Eagle, extra dark sea grey/sky/red • R4003, Pakistani Air Force, all over aluminium. Note that the Pakistani aircraft were not fitted with the arrestor hook supplied in the Shelf Oddity set, which is absent in the basic model

Build The low parts count typical of a small resin kit means that the assembly is quick. Miniwing's parts are very well cast and very little cleanup is required, only a

few swipes from a sharp scalpel being needed to separate the parts from their pour blocks. The build of the resin parts of the airframe is straightforward, fit is excellent and very little filler is needed. The etched parts are extremely fine and require some finesse in removing them from the fret and in the application of glue. If using the Shelf Oddity parts, there's an early decision needed about how to treat the panel for the blow-in suction doors on the fuselage spine. The brass outer panel needs to be bent to the curvature of the fuselage and let into a precise recess cut by the modeller into the resin. One for some experience, both with resin and working in 1/144. With the recess painted black for depth, the four doors can be attached to the underside of the outer panel. I scoured the internet and my paper references for pictures of the door arrangement but in the end couldn't swear I really knew what they should look like. Typically, as on modern aircraft like the Harrier, such auxiliary doors should only come into play when the engine was running but the aircraft was stationary, hence no ram effect, springs keeping them closed otherwise. In the absence of anything definitive therefore, I chose to show them partially open, prevaricating again. The panel was fixed in place and the edges sealed with superglue. Light sanding helps the fit to the fuselage but given the thinness of the brass, be careful.

AT TAC K E R

A recess needs to be cut into the upper fuselage to take the panel to which the blow-in doors are mounted

Next up in the tweezers stakes are the brass boundary layer intake splitters and boundary layer relief vents, these fitting without drama inside the kit's exceptionally finely cast intake lips and on the outside of the intakes. With the bulk of the difficult stuff done on the fuselage, the wings and tail can be added quickly, although I decided to show the wing tips folded as in so many operational photographs. In fact, adding the wing fold isn't too difficult, as the panel line for the cut is clear, and thanks to some online walk around photos scratching up some representational hinges and drilling for the perforated ribs is all that's needed. The kit's undercarriage also has some enhancements courtesy of Shelf Oddity, replacement doors being provided as inner and outer skins. Unfortunately, Miniwing have cast the undercarriage legs integrally with the resin doors, and cleaning the legs up to accept the brass alternatives looks pretty difficult. I sidestepped this by finding some surplus legs in my spares box, and no, I've no idea where they came from, so suitably

shortened, I could build them up with the two-part doors and scissor links. The inner doors are also supplied in two parts, and with the belly tank in place, it's safe to add these at this stage. Also in brass, the wheel wells have what Shelf Oddity refer to as (up) lock hooks but they look very much like catapult attachments to me. I left off all the vulnerable antennae until after painting. The plain cockpit well was painted matt black, and there's

really no space to add any further detail, although the generic kit seat was replaced by a representation of a Martin Baker ejection seat I found in the spares box dressed up with the kit's decal. The resin canopy is tempting, but its thickness means that it couldn't be credibly posed open, so I ended up using the vacformed part, which was easy enough to cut out and fix with canopy glue at the end of the build.

Painting Attacker schemes are not terribly varied, the Pakistani colours offering the only significant option although the overall silver/aluminium finish is itself a bit uninspiring, so I eventually plumped for the FAA sky/grey scheme, although I decided to omit the red nose sometimes seen on WP 286 and its 800 Squadron stable mates. Halfords grey primer polished with 1,000 grit abrasive prepared the surface ready for paint, Tamiya XF- 21 lightened with about 10% white being used for the sky undersides, and a mix of Tamiya XF-63 German Grey and XF54 Dark Sea Grey for the extra dark sea grey uppers, the hard masking line being achieved using Tamiya 2mm vinyl tape. A coat of Tamiya X22 clear was used as a base for the decals, which worked without any

problems, settling tidily with a small amount of MicroSol. I brush painted the interior of the undercarriage doors and the wheel wells with aluminium. With the decals overpainted with a protective coat of Tamiya XF-86 satin, the wheels and tiny aerials can be fitted. Weathering was kept to a minimum, in line with the aircraft's relatively short service life.

There's an intricate brass intake splitter plate, which fits inside the very finely cast intakes

Conclusions Miniwing has produced an excellent, easy to build kit of a rather obscure Royal Navy aircraft and Shelf Oddity are to be commended for taking the kit to significantly higher levels of detail. 1/144 scale resin kits are not generally for the faint-hearted, and the use of the brass enhancements needs some nerve and commitment. Having said that, there's satisfaction to be had in bucket loads in completing something like this. Thanks to Miniwing and Shelf Oddity for the opportunity.

The Shelf Oddity brass adds significant detail to the undercarriage. I cheated and used legs from the spares box

Shelf Oddity is available in the UK from Coastal Craft at www.coastalcraftmodelsuk.com

References Supermarine Attacker, Swift and Scimitar. Postwar Military Aircraft #7, by Phillip Birtles, Ian Allan Fly Navy, Aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm Since 1945, by Ray Williams, Airlife

Here the upper fuselage door panel and the boundary layer vents are in place. The black speckles on the surface are tiny pinholes, which have been filled by the black paint I applied first

The Shelf Oddity brass is most apparent on the underside, adding significantly to the finesse of the undercarriage

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 06

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H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B

By Colin 'Flying' Pickett

Y

our humble scribe was fortunate enough to be invited along to the Navy Wings Supporters Day, and who was I to say no? Held at the beginning of May, it was a chance for the supporters of the charity to get up close to the aircraft that Navy Wings look after and meet the people behind the effort in the maintenance and upkeep of airworthy aircraft such as the Sea Vixen, Sea Fury, Swordfish and Chipmunk. Navy Wings also look after two Sea Harrier FA.2s and a Phantom FG.1, which are brought out for display at events held at RNAS Yeovilton, such as the annual Air Day. It’s worth mentioning that these aircraft are kept in immaculate condition and the efforts made to maintain them in the highest order is clear to see. As the membership of the Supporters Club is made up of former Fleet Air Arm crew there were bountiful anecdotes of operating the various aircraft present and the sort of inside information that only comes from discussion among people with day to day experience of these magnificent artefacts. All this was coupled with a delightful flying display by the associate Texan AT-6 and Chipmunk, along with the arrival of the Gazelle helicopter too. Outside of the environment of the supporters day most of these interesting

people would blend into the background, and I wondered if even the people around them every day knew of their rich history. As modellers we tend to become focussed on models and collecting aircraft types of a particular type or service, and I do question if we should also be collecting the stories and history of the individual people involved in the aircraft too, rather than consigning them to disappear in time. On a similar vein, and perhaps more relevant to us as modellers, many former servicemen and women have an archive of photographs and documents that has unknown value to their loved ones, but is priceless in terms of reference to those of us with a passion for such things. I shudder to think of the amount of fascinating material that has been consigned to the landfill over time and that will be discarded in the future too by the unaware. I’m happy to report that a most enjoyable time was had, despite the Sea Vixen being unable to fly on the day due to further engine work being needed and a delay in instructions from the CAA, however I’m looking forward to future events, as well as the spectacle of seeing the Sea Vixen and its hanger mates in the air in the near future. If you want to become a Navy Wings Supporter then pop along to www.navywings.org.uk and join up

and help to preserve our naval aviation heritage. In modelling terms it’s been a busy month too on the workbench, with no less than four models reaching their conclusion, as well as a pair of Fleet Air Arm subjects starting to take shape. Whilst some models seem like a good idea at the time, in their shiny boxes beckoning from the hobby shop shelves, some become a forced pleasure with completion being the only escape, or worse consigned to the eternal damnation of the to be completed pile. It’s also a sad case that some of these projects get diverted from the workbench to make way for more urgent builds to fill these hallowed pages. Sometimes these castaway beasts come back to the bench as a new item of inspiration comes to light, or that pang of guilt reignites the desire to complete them. The best builds for me are those that require that extra bit of effort to make them happen, and push those modelling skills just a bit further, not through some perverse joy in making myself suffer, but because I feel that I learn that bit more about the aircraft and add some more arrows to my modelling skills quiver. Somehow easy to build kits don’t excite me that much unless they are going

A line-up of Navy Wings aircraft, comprising of a dH Chipmunk and Hawker Sea Fury

Almost ready to take to the skies, the dH Sea Vixen has a definite presence

The dH Sea Vixen looks imposing from any angle

Tucked up in the hanger, a Sea Harrier FA.2 awaits its turn in the sun

The Sea Fury, the last piston engine fighter operated by the FAA

The Gazelle arrives in all its orange clad glory

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H A R R O G AT E M O D E L C LU B to be forming the basis of a conversion or I can see a way of adding my own personal stamp on them. I’m not saying that I’m all for buying up the grottiest kit on the market and building it, but those that perhaps show a little flash and need some help and adjustment to get the fit just right. Like most modellers I started off building straight from the box, then I added things like seat belts and the like. The discovery of etched brass sets added an extra dimension until I then fell into the

wonderful world of resin kits and components. This led me to scratch build all sorts of bits and bobs until I’m at the stage of being virtually unable to complete a model without adding or altering something. The downside to all this tinkering and changing is that it takes that bit longer to complete anything, and of course I often spend as much time researching my subject as I do building it, something I get a great deal of joy from.

where other distractions rear their heads, those called Holidays, Family Days Out, and the worst of all Gardening or DIY, though luckily we are on the flight path to the local airport so there is normally some entertainment to be had. However all this time outside of the workshop does at least earn a few Man points’, which can be reinvested when the next new must have kit comes out on the market so it all forms part of the grand plan.

We’ve also reached that time of year

Texan taxiing back from its flying display

The Texan and a Chipmunk make a formation pass

The Bristol Scout, a beautiful replica built around components from an original aircraft

First get a good rigging diagram or a clear set of photographs for the aeroplane you intend to rig. Most type specific reference books will have enough information for you to work from, however the Internet is also strewn with useful references

R

igging is one of the things that dissuades a good many modellers from even contemplating building an aeroplane with more than one wing, but it with

In the smaller scales such as 1/144 and 1/72 it is possible to use thin copper wire loops glued into predrilled holes in the right locations to form eyelets. If you do this before you complete assembly you should save yourself the worry of damaging your paintwork

a bit of planning it doesn’t need to be a deal breaker. The main problem I had with rigging was having a good anchor point for each rigging wire.

In 1/48 and 1/32 or even larger it’s possible to make wire turnbuckles formed of fuse wire or similar thin wire twisted round a peg of suitable piano wire using a pin drill to get consistency in each one. These are then glued into holes predrilled in the correct locations

If adjustment is required buckles can be made using two turnbuckles inserted into a short length of brass tubing shaped with a sanding stick or similar. With a bit of practice rigging becomes much less of a chore and certainly adds to the look of your model

When construction and weathering are finished simply thread your chosen rigging material (I use Ushi van der Rosen’s Rig That Thing) through each of the eyelets in the correct order and fix them in place with a dab of cyanoacrylate adhesive applied with a sharpened cocktail stick or the head of a cut off needle, or perhaps one of the many applicator tools now available

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 06

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F-35 LIGHTNING II

PART 1

Israeli’s First Lightning By Yoav Efrati An IAF official stated that while the stealth of the F-35 in its current form will be overcome in five to ten years, the aircraft will be in service for thirty to forty years, and that is the reason that Israel insisted on the ability to make its own changes to the aircraft's electronic warfare systems

Kit No: 2506 Scale: 1/32 Steps 1 and 2 illustrate seat assembly with photo etched seat belt addition. The photo etched belts are fixed in place with cyanoacrylate cement. Excess cement residue was removed with debonder

Step 5. The lower fuselage intake lip sink mark required levelling with a sanding stick

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Italeri The Hobby Company/MRC

T

he increase in popularity of 1/32 model aircraft has motivated Italeri to offer eye catching fast jets that turn heads with each new release. After releasing Mach 2 icons the Lockheed F-104C/J/S Starfighter and Mirage III C/E, their latest release gives us Lockheed Martin's turn of the century fifth generation fighter, the F-35A Lightning II. Upon opening the box the modeller's attention is drawn to the crystal clear, gold tinted, seamless blown canopy, a perfectly printed Cartograph decal sheet featuring six marking options, eight sealed clear plastic bags containing light grey beautifully detailed parts trees, a brass photo etched sheet and an innovative panel edge RAM (Radar Absorbent Material) masking template. The arrival in Israel of the first pair of F-35i Adir fighter planes in Israel on 12th December 2016

coincided with this latest kit release by Italeri. With Israeli markings featured in the box, I jumped at the opportunity to build this kit as soon as its release was announced three months later. Italeri's F-35A kit provides markings for Israel's first Adir fighter, number 901, with acceptance ceremony roundels, which it wore during its arrival ceremony on the eve of 12th December 2016.

Kit Assembly My approach to this kit build is to cement together as many sub assemblies as possible prior to painting. This way I ensure that by the time I sand the joint lines they will have hardened and no shallow joint lines would appear after sanding. Steps 1 and 2 show assembly of the ejection seat and the addition of the brass seat belts, which were tricky to position properly. Their attachment was made with cyanoacrylate cement. Step 3 shows the cockpit tub assembly where the photo etched air conditioning vents from step 42, 6PE, were added at this time to duct 17D. The photo etched vents were found to be a bit larger than

the duct opening and need to be filed down in size. Throttle 15D and joystick 16D were left off for addition during final assembly. The instructions suggest FS36622 Grey for the cockpit tub interior and FS36118 for the seat frame and cockpit coaming. I opted for use of FS36375 and Humbrol 32 instead. In step 5 lower fuselage half 1B has sink marks at the intake lips, requiring careful sanding with a medium grade sanding stick to level it out. So onto step 6 and make sure you smooth out all ejection pin recessed indentations and alignment pins located inside the engine intake ducts. When cementing intake halves 14E/19E and 3E/28E, fill and sand the joint lines because they can be seen when looking inside the intakes. The intakes were painted Testors Flat White prior to installation. Install each intake duct half to its corresponding intake lip with cyanoacrylate cement, without joining the ducts aft section until after they set into position. For added support slide step 5’s prepainted bomb bays into position, underneath the intake ducts. Fill the gap between the ducts and bomb bays using viscous

Step 6. Intake duct halves require removal of ejector pin indents, alignment pins and joint cement marks prior to installation or they will all be seen

Steps 5, 13 and 14 are assembled and painted simultaneously and readied for installation inside the lower fuselage half

Step 5 shows the trial fit of the kit's JDAMs in the bomb bay. Long metal pins attached to the JDAMs ensure cement free attachment and easy alignment

Step 7. Engine assembly minus the oil reservoir, which is hidden from view and thus not used

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Step 7. The polished steel turbine blades embedded in the offwhite afterburner section

Step 7. A Google search for the PW135 engine showed the forward fan and stator blades coated with a yellow orange RAM coating

Wheel well and bomb bay doors ready for painting

F - 35 L I G H T N I N G I I

The white painted intake ducts are individually joined to their corresponding lower fuselage intake lips. Once fixed in position with cyanoacrylate cement, the bomb bays are slid underneath for support

Top view of the aft fuselage engine supports installation

Bomb bays and landing gear door inner surfaces have ejector pin indentations, which require removal to smooth the compound curves

Aft view showing engine to duct installation supported by the bomb bays, mid bulkhead and aft fuselage supports

Step 13. The kit's soft plastic and thin wheel axles are replaced with metal rod inserted into holes drilled through the landing gear struts

Using Internet colour photos as a guide the kit's AIM-9X missiles aft ends were bored out with a drill, rocket motor guide vanes added from plastic strip, and the forward seeker drilled out to accept a clear lens at final assembly

A comparison view of the metal reinforced landing gear and wheels

The nose gear metal rod reinforcement extends into a hole made in the nose wheel. Step 29’s taxi light location is ambiguous and should be placed as shown in this photo

The kit's AIM-9X missiles are attached to the rails using soft brass wire inserted to corresponding holes drilled through them

The clear canopy internal bow and frame requires painting from the inside and the painted parts cemented with two part clear epoxy, which does not melt the plastic or craze the paint

For a closed canopy option, the aft frame of the canopy requires sanding down in height

The upper fuselage intake lips also have sink holes that require levelling with a sanding stick

clear two part epoxy. At this point the prepainted nose and main wheel wells were also cemented into position using cyanoacrylate cement. Although not shown in the instructions, ten grams of fishing weight were added surrounding the nose wheel well to ensure the model does not become a tail sitter. Aft fuselage bulkhead 20E was added to the engine, the forward rim of which was joined to the aft end of the intake duct. Both bulkhead and engine face to duct joint were cemented in place using cyanoacrylate cement. In steps 5, 13 and 14, the bomb bays and wheel wells were painted Testors Flat White. Selected wires

and cables were painted Humbrol 54 Brass and others 163 Olive Green. Tamiya X19 Smoke diluted with alcohol was applied as a wash. These sub assemblies were painted prior to adding them into the lower fuselage in step 8. Step 8. Dry fitting the intake duct assembly to the lower fuselage with the engine in place revealed a significant gap at the intake lips. To minimize this gap I found it best to attach each prepainted white intake duct half to its corresponding intake lip using cyanoacrylate glue. Once each half set in place, the two intake duct halves were joined together at the aft end.

Step 5, the bomb bays installation, was done after step 8, the installation of the intake ducts. The bays were slid underneath the intake ducts, which were set aside to harden overnight. Gaps between the intake ducts and bomb bays were filled with two part clear epoxy to provide the intake ducts with more solid support. The main and nose gear wheel wells were also added at this time, requiring a little persuasion using clothes pegs while the cyanoacrylate glue hardened. Step 7 and the engine forward fan stator and blades, 21E and 22E, were painted in an orange-yellow RAM coating of Humbrol 63, with

The radome tip requires sharpening with a few swipes from medium and fine sanding sticks

The forward edges of the horizontal stabilizer lower halves 21F and 32F are seen sanded at an angle in order to compensate for a large fillet radius on the upper halves, which results in a wide joint gap if not remedied as shown

The kit's AIM-9X missiles are attached to the rails using soft brass wire inserted to corresponding holes drilled through them

Trial fit of the boarding ladder and door Humbrol 191 chrome silver spinner and rim. The aft turbine blades, 2E, were painted Humbrol 27003 Polished Steel and the exhaust afterburner section flat white tinted yellow with a touch of with Humbrol 63. A Tamiya X19 smoke wash was applied over the parts to enhance the detail followed with an oil paint wash of Burnt Umber and Black over parts 26E, 1E and 4E. The engine was mated with the intake duct after the addition of the bomb bays and wheel wells. With the engine painted and assembled, I moved on to step 8. Part 13E, the engine gear box, was left off and the bulkhead, 20E, slid into place. Step 9. The aft engine supports,

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F-35 LIGHTNING II The Israeli F-35s will be based at Nevatim Airbase in the Negev. The decision was based on operational, environmental, infrastructure and training considerations, as well as the IAF's strategic vision to transfer some of its bases to the region

23E and 24E, were press fitted into place and cemented to the aft fuselage. A 0.05mm gap between the engine and lower fuselage was filled with Evergreen 127 plastic strip. Step 13 and the port wheel well, part 29D, is joined with 5D, not 25D as shown erroneously. The main and nose gear wheel axles are very soft and prone to breakage. Holes were drilled horizontally through main gear struts 15E and 16E and a length of metal rod was inserted in place of the plastic wheel axle. Nose gear strut 7F was drilled from top to bottom and a metal rod inserted through it and through a hole drilled on the top of the nose wheel. Step 29 instructs you to install a taxi light assembly, 3PE and 16F, on the nose gear strut but is ambiguous and omits its location. Refer to the photo in this article for its proper position. Step 15. The radome tip was found flattened in my kit due to rough postal service handling. Gentle sanding with a fine nail file restored its sharp edge, which was protected from further damage with Tamiya Tape. Step 16. The recesses moulded into the upper halves of the horizontal stabilizers, 15F and 29F, do not have sharp corners. This prevents the edges of the lower halves, 21F and 32F respectively, from forming a proper joint line. This was remedied by filing the internal edges of the lower halves, 21F and 32F, at an angle. This solution was also required in step 40, when joining the vertical fin halves 5C/15C and 10C/20C. The upper wing halves’ forward outboard wing tips, 1C and 11C, have sink marks, which required sanding to provide a proper contour. Step 26. Attach part 4C to 9C and in step 27 attach 3C to 8C, named incorrectly in the instructions.

Steps 30 and 31. The exterior of doors 10D and 11D need sanding with a coarse sanding stick in order to level out plastic sink moulding depressions. Step 33. The kit's two 2,000lb JDAMs were assembled and test fitted into the bomb bays prior to painting, using metal rods to attach them to the bomb pylons. Step 36. The AIM-9X flat tail ends were hollowed out by hand drilling. The missile's rocket engine internal control vanes were detailed with thin sheet plastic strip, using photos found on the Internet as a guide. Likewise, the forward seeker head was drilled out to accept a reflective lenses after painting. The missiles were fixed to the external pylons with brass pins. In step 36 the kit provides external wing pylons, which make for a non stealthy yet impressive display. I was fortunate to have a set of Eduard's 1/32 GBU-12 laser guided bombs, set 632072, which are actually GBU-16s already tested on the F-35. The bomb's aft fin section needs to be bored out for it to fit the bomb section. For a durable nose seeker attachment, and to enable a seeker nose down attitude, it was mounted on a brass wire embedded into holes drilled in the forward section and seeker. The LGBs were attached to the pylons using brass wire pins. Step 39. The closed refuelling door option appears at a late stage in assembly. Due to the non flush fit of the doors, 25F and 26F, I advise that they be installed prior to joining the upper and lower fuselage halves together. Once the refuelling doors are cemented in place, they will require sanding down preferably with a stiff sanding stick or metal file. Upper fuselage blade antenna 19D is not seen in photos of the Adir, so it was not installed. Step 41. I opted to pose my Adir in a streamlined closed canopy configuration. The kit's bulbous canopy is sparkling clear, but brittle, so use a very sharp cutter when removing it from the parts tree or it will crack, as happened to mine. Fortunately the crack was minute and did not extend above the canopy’s lower frame line.

On 12th December 2016 Israel received its first shipment of the F-35I Adir. Its introduction will make Israel the first country to have an operational F-35 squadron outside of the United States

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A dry fit of canopy part 1H atop the upper fuselage revealed that the canopy’s rear frame does not lie flush with the fuselage. I protected the clear canopy with tape and reduced the height of the rear frame segment with a sanding stick. The mid canopy frame assembly requires that photo etched part 17PE be bent to match the curvature of plastic arch 12F. Starting at the base of the arch I used cyanoacrylate glue to fix the photo etched part to the arch, 1cm at a time, until the entire photo etched part was fixed to part 6F. A dry fit of the arch revealed that the lower edges are a bit long, pushing the lower frame sections 41F and 48F below their intended canopy recess locations, which prevents flush installation of the canopy to the upper fuselage. This was corrected by reducing their length with a file. Since the F-35 has a single piece canopy, the forward reinforcement arch is painted only on the inside. No paint is applied atop the canopy. Italeri thoughtfully provide an internal canopy locating groove to accept arch 12F along with embossed canopy explosive lanyard detail. The canopy interior was masked and Humbrol 33 flat black brush painted onto the internal frame location, and Humbrol 140 grey applied to the lanyard. With the black inner frame dry, the now black painted arch assembly, 6F/12F, was squeezed into the canopy groove without cement. Once in position, clear two part epoxy cement was applied sparingly along the rear arch to canopy frame line. Internal canopy frame detail parts 6F, 11F, 41F and 48F were cemented in place using clear two part epoxy, which does not interact with the black paint or the clear plastic canopy. The entire clear area of the canopy was masked and sprayed externally with MR. Paint FS36251 grey. Steps 44 & 45. The interior of door 30F has a circular mould ejector pin recess between the raised ribs and removing it is impossible without damaging the surrounding detail. A safer way to eliminate this unwanted defect is by covering it up using paper thin .010 inch thick sheet plastic. Door latch actuating wires were added using thin paint brush hairs. The ladder’s upper tip requires trimming in order to fit part 18F into the recess installed in step 10. Test fit the ladder support’s position prior to painting and cement with cyanoacrylate cement. (To be Continued...)

REVIEWS

Spitfire Summer Revell’s Mk IXc By Gordon Scott

Kit No: 03927 Scale: 1/32 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbHi www.revell.de/en

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et’s start with the elephant in the room and ask ‘does the world need another Spitfire when we still haven't got a 1/32 (insert your own choice)?’ Well, Revell seem to think so. In the usual end opening, thin cardboard box we have eleven light grey and three clear sprues and a small decal sheet with two options, one a Canadian squadron plane in ETO colours and the other an aluminium finished RAF aircraft based in Italy. The kit is covered with delicately engraved panel lines and rivets and the parts are attached to the sprues with large flow gates. Be sure and use cutters or a saw to separate these, and be extra careful as the sprues are very tightly packed, so much so that in some places you can't get sprue cutters in to remove a part and the small size of some of them makes them hard to distinguish from tags. It’s the only time I've been glad the bins are emptied fortnightly as I had to get into the blue one to retrieve parts from a sprue I'd discarded as empty! It’s obvious on closer inspection that someone at Revell has looked really hard at the prototype. The kit offers early and late rudders with raised ribs, two styles of elevators with raised ribs and stabilizers, clipped, clear wing tips and full span wing tips. All flying surfaces are

split horizontally, there are optional exhaust stacks also split horizontally and the lower engine fairing is separate with a movable carburettor door, perhaps for a PRU version later? There are three bombs with racks. The C wing nearly matches drawings published in the Spitfire Datafile though the lower cannon blister is in line with the ejection chute, rather than outboard, and the tail wheel fairing is too thick. Positionable flaps are provided although the ribs are too thick and the inner pair open into the fuselage void. Apparently you got fined on squadron if you left them down after landing, and the actuator door is moulded closed on the wing so I fixed mine closed as I'm usually in enough trouble. The cockpit entry door can be posed open but it’s too thick. The gear leg oleos are modelled fully extended and the gear doors are also too thick while the oleo linkage scissors are separate parts. The legs are a loose fit in their attachment holes and I'm not sure about the style of the wheel rim, but that often missing, imperceptible bulge on the upper engine cowling is there as is the rear view mirror. Wow, quite a list, but all can be easily fixed by some good old fashioned modelling, sanding mostly, remember that? No? Well don't you worry, I dare

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say Eduard will come to your rescue soon. Those who expect every new kit to match a Japanese manufacturer’s standard for the same money/peanuts as this one costs (you'll have change out of £20 online) will probably heap scorn on it pointing out its shortcomings and probably never begin to glue it together. This will be their second mistake because the more you make it, the better it gets. The instructions are in colour and Revell provide mixes using their own paint percentage/ratio system to complete the kit. I've moaned about this in the past and got nowhere but here goes again. Revell, you have the mix ratios why not put them into tins and sell them ready to use instead of making people new to the hobby buy colours they don't really need and being frustrated when the mix goes wrong? Just a suggestion... The plastic is quite soft and takes liquid glue really well. It took me three hours to amass the fuselage and flying surfaces ready to sand, and the cockpit, undercarriage and propeller ready to paint, but you start the process with the cockpit and stick with it for twenty stages. Yes, that's right, twenty. Stage twenty one is the tail wheel attachment then you close up the fuselage. The design of the cockpit is such that

REVIEWS other variants are entirely possible later, talking of which it’s very well equipped but could do with drilling out of the lightening holes in the seat frame and some seat belts. I'm pleased these haven't been moulded on the seat as they're usually not very well moulded and a real pain to remove without causing damage. Wings and flying surfaces cover the next eighteen stages then it’s time to fit flaps, nice deep radiators and undercarriage. The main legs are a bit weak and break easily, so one of mine now has a wire insert. This takes us to stage fifty four when you need to choose which style of exhaust to install. These are possibly the kit’s only real weakness, as they've been moulded horizontally, I assume to ensure the pipes are hollow. The reality is that they all require drilling out and the join is difficult to eradicate. Once you've dealt with the armament all that's left is the cockpit glazing and propeller before the paint and decals. The F word (filler - family magazine) was used and the weapon of choice was Perfect Plastic

Putty. The windscreen edge is on the oil tank rear panel line but needed just a small touch to tidy up the actual join of windscreen and fuselage. Once dry it was buffed away with a damp finger and cotton bud. The decals have a slightly matt finish but perform like aftermarket sets, absolutely brilliantly, so well done Revell, please stick with whoever is making these. I've not made an aluminium finished Spitfire for years so decided on the 601 Squadron option. The decals went on without issue and include a good number of stencils, all of which are readable even with my failing eyesight and that's pretty much that. What will I do differently on the next one? On a purely personal basis I will purchase some exhaust stacks and seat belts, thin the gear doors, reduce the raised ribs on the rudder and elevators with a bit of elbow grease, shorten the oleos, insert a wire core through the upper undercarriage legs to strengthen them and call it quits.

Conclusion So, does the world need another Spitfire? Some will buy it purely because it’s a Mk IX. You can buy five or six of these for the same money as a certain Japanese Spitfire, but ultimately you pays your money and takes your choice, although when a kit’s as good as this and costs less than £20 then I’d say yes, there is definitely a case for it. It certainly looks the part when finished and is very, very good value for money. A good result can be achieved with minimal effort and some basic modelling skills will easily elevate it from just another out of the box build so its really well done to Revell and thanks for the opportunity to build the kit. I'm getting lazy in my old age and my primary interest in this kit was to assess its suitability for use in Griffon engined conversions. It would be a real shame to cut one of these up, so please can we have some Griffon engined variants soon, Revell?

A Worthy Kauz Do 17 Z-10 Kauz II By Bill Bunting

Kit No: 03946 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en

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he Dornier Do 17 Z-10 Kauz II was a night fighter development of this versatile bomber. To fill this role a solid nose with four 17mm machine guns and one 20mm cannon replaced the bomber version’s glazing. An additional fuel tank was installed in the bomb bay to increase flying time and the bombing equipment removed. To aid in night interceptions an infrared searchlight was fitted to the nose and an infrared scope placed through the windscreen for the pilot to use as a sight. This system was known as Spanner Anlage but proved to be of little improvement over normal vision and did not see widespread use. The Do 17 Z-10 was later fitted with Lichtenstein

airborne radar and the infrared system was often removed to save weight. The Dornier was not a very successful night interceptor as it was just not fast enough but it does make for an interesting modelling subject. This is a Revell boxing of the ICM kit from last year and the ICM logo is even present on the sprues. Packaged in an end opening box with nice artwork, the parts are in poly bags with the clear parts separately bagged. The eighteen pages of instructions are in Revell’s new style with CAD drawings and a bit of colour. Paint suggestions are made throughout using Revell paint codes but colour descriptions and some RLM numbers are given. A parts map is provided

with parts not to be used, and the antenna mast, which is used, blacked out. The painting guide is in full colour and includes the four standard views plus two side views with the engine nacelles removed. Two decal options are included, these being R4+LK (1940) from I.NG2 in overall black and the prototype PK+DH (1940) in day bomber colours RLM70/71/65. The decals are Revell’s own and include stencils but no swastikas. For the most part, the instructions guide you through assembly and painting quite well. parts all have location points although sometimes they are quite subtle. The cockpit is well detailed for this scale including three crew positions,

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REVIEWS pilot’s controls, radio boxes, trim wheels and side consoles. Paint instructions are a little simple and I added a little bit of colour here and there to bring out the details. The instrument panel decals are quite sharp and settled over the raised bezels well after several applications of Micro Sol. I did not install the panel itself until after the fuselage was joined. I believe the cockpit layout is the bomber style rather than this five gun nose version. Revell have not included any seat harnesses so you will need to supply your own as they are very visible under the large canopy. There are three bulkheads and fuselage reinforcing strips that really help with fuselage alignment and wing placement. You could omit the bomb bay mounted fuel tank as it can’t be seen later. The tail wheel can be attached after the fuselage is joined. At this point it became apparent that fit of the parts is absolutely sublime. ICM have engineered the kit to cover different versions with optional bay doors and glazing but everything fits perfectly. The canopy and nose transparencies fit is exemplary making a seamless installation easy - GH take note (If it’s as good as the 1/48 Do 215 then it can’t be better - GH). Throughout the build I was very impressed by the fit and finesse of this kit, with one exception, which will be discussed later. Wing to fuselage fit is problem and filler free, the separate ailerons, rudders and elevators can be posed but the elevators would need their actuators modified if installed deflected. The landing gear legs do not need to be installed during engine nacelle construction and can be added easily near the end of the build after painting is complete. The engines and exhausts

are nicely rendered, although little of them can be seen once the engine cowlings are installed. Regarding the cowling mounts in front of the engines, these do not look to be very accurate representations but are quite simplified. The engine mounts need to be installed within the nacelle halves but the engines and cowlings can be left until much later if you wish. The following instruction manual errors were noticed: in step thirty two the fin parts should be 46 and 48; in step thirty nine the wheel well sides should be 31 and 32 for the port and 33 and 34 for the starboard; and in step forty one the firewalls should be 30 and 35. Other building tips are: in step forty one be sure to orient the firewalls correctly in the nacelles; in step forty four take care in removing the crankcase/pushrod parts from the sprue; and finally in step forty seven, if you trim the locating tabs on the nacelles to be a little shorter, they will fit to the wings with a click fit. I installed the wheel well fronts, rears, sides and nacelles in one session and had great results with no gaps to the wing. The gear legs were installed after painting and finishing the airframe. First the rear retraction struts were glued to the back wheel well bulkhead and then the main legs were attached to the front bulkhead and the retraction struts. The only snag in the entire construction was that the wheel hubs are much narrower than the gear legs making their attachment nearly impossible. I was able to make a weak attachment only and if there is a next time, I would add sheet plastic discs to the outside of the hubs on both sides and drill these to accept the leg pins.

I masked the canopy and other clear parts with Tamiya tape and the prominent window frames made this a simple task. Not indicated in the instructions is the fact that there are two windows that are painted over, one on the right side below the wind shield and one on the underside centre. Also there are some window frames absent on the lower glazings, and although the painting guides show these there are no specific mention of them in the instructions. I simply masked these areas and then removed small strips of mask to simulate the missing frames. My model was painted overall with a 10:1 mixture of Tamiya semi gloss black and gloss red. Limited post shading and a fine pin wash of grey was used to break up the single colour and then decals were applied using Micro Set and Sol with good results. The decal instructions for the black version indicate the addition of black stencils and the under wing codes from the other camouflaged version but I omitted these. Vallejo semi gloss was used for a top coat.

Conclusion I must say that the finesse and fit of this kit was extremely good and surprised me, and it easily matches the best from the Far East. On many kits the fit of clear parts is not great but these were perfect. The only problem was with the fit of the wheels to the gear legs. The new Revell instructions were pretty good but there were quite a few errors in part numbers. The paint guide was very helpful. The decals worked very well and I have to say this kit was an absolute joy.

P-40M Kitty Hawk By Paul Foster

Kit No: 85801 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: HobbyBoss Creative Models/Squadron

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he Curtiss P-40 family are among the most kitted aircraft around and I cut my teeth on the Airfix 1/72 version way back last century. The aircraft is probably well known to most and the range of colourful options and sharks teeth make it a favourite subject. Since my first Airfix attempt I’ve always liked the 112 Squadron shark nosed aircraft so jumped at the chance of another. Opening the box I would say this particular kit is really aimed at younger/starter modellers as HobbyBoss have reduced it to the bare minimum of parts, simplified a lot of the detail and made the location almost snap together in places. There

are some compromises with detail but the outline is good and the panel lines are lightly recessed. Just to be different the first page of the instructions has you start by assembling the drop tank, wheels, propeller and the cockpit tub. The drop tank is the first time you come across the oversize fixings, which make this part virtually snap together, and it’s a very good fit. The cockpit however is one area that really lacks detail. There is a basic instrument panel, control column and seat, but everything else is missing. The canopy only has the closed option, which obscures a lot of the interior, but I still opted to

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add a few scratch built parts to the side walls to give some relief to the flat surfaces. The next step is to put the two fuselage halves together with the cockpit tub and tailwheel and again the large fixings make for an excellent fit and alignment, which just needs a dab of glue to lock it all together. The tailplanes and engine exhausts are also added at this stage, although the exhausts are too simplified and don’t have the characteristic flattened ends for the P-40M. Construction then moves on to the main wings and undercarriage and here again the simplification shows as the undercarriage doors are moulded onto the lower wing section and

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REVIEWS are too thick. The main undercarriage parts are another push fit item and again could benefit from some brake pipes. This assembly is then mated up to the fuselage and I found this to be another accurate fit that just needed a dab of glue to make it secure. At this point I also moved the aerial back to the correct location. Where the kit has this positioned you would be unable to open the canopy! Two options are included in the box, an aircraft from 75 Fighter Squadron, 23 Fighter Group, 1943, and my favourite, GA-M from 112 Squadron RAF. For this the canopy was masked and then I gave the kit a quick dust with acrylic primer. Then the desert camouflage scheme was added using the Mr Hobby colours given in the

Fair Horizons Convair SM-65D Atlas By Andy McCabe

Kit No: 2001 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Horizon Models www.horizon-models.com

instructions. A few detail areas were then hand painted before the whole airframe was given a gloss varnish and decals added. The decals are limited to the basic roundels, code letters, shark mouth and propeller blade stencils. These were all perfectly good decals but it does look somewhat bare with no serial number or any other stencil data panels. I then gave the whole aircraft a dust spray to tone it down and recreate the desert air force look. Finally, I added the aerial with Lycra cord and fitted the propeller assembly.

Conclusion What you have here is basically a sound

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airframe that can be assembled very quickly and is designed to need the minimum of work to complete. There are many compromises to detail but the end result looks good enough and I think will fit the bill for younger/inexperienced modellers and with two tiger/shark mouthed subjects will always appeal. For the modeller wanting more detail improvements are required to the cockpit area, undercarriage and undercarriage doors, holes to panels on the nose just behind the propeller, and an array of smaller details that are missing. Also an upgrade to the decals will be required to add some stencil data and serial numbers. At £12.99 it is cheap, which again places it into the starter kit bracket.

he Convair SM-65D Atlas was the United States’ first ICBM (Inter Continental Ballistic Missile) and served with the Strategic Air Command from 1959. The Atlas featured a stage and a half design and was constructed in stainless steel and could launch a 1.44 megaton warhead over a 9,000 mile range. Subsequent variants, the E and F, grew to carry a 3.7 megaton warhead enclosed by a Mk 4 re-entry vehicle. The missile was either seventy five feet with the Mk 2 RV or eighty five feet long with the Mk 3RV and was ten feet in diameter with a launch weight of 260,000lb.

out the holes on each half of the fuselage and then assembling them. To this the Vernier fairings and various pipes are fitted and progress is quite quick. To aid alignment of the airframe halves I glued strips of plastic at alternate positions along the joint lengths.

• Operation New Nickle Atlas 101D S/N 58-7096, launched 22nd August 1961

The various pipes and Vernier fairings were then assembled to the airframe.

• Mk4 RV R&D Test Flight Atlas 83D S/N 58-7078, launched 15th November 1960

Three types of payload are supplied, the Mk 2 RV, Mk 3 RV or the Mk 4 RV. I opted for the last and duly assembled it.

Conclusion

Its range was 9,000 miles and maximum speed at burnout was approximately Mach26 or 17,000mph. Approximately 350 were built and many were converted into orbital launch vehicles after they were removed from Strategic Air Command service as missiles.

A coat of grey primer was then applied followed by a couple of coats of Vallejo Acrylic Dull Aluminium 77.717, the bottom and top sections of the airframe were masked off and Vallejo Dark Aluminium 77.703 was sprayed on, while the payload was sprayed Appliance Gloss White. The decals were now applied and the missile fitted to its stand and a very impressive Convair Atlas SM-65D was finished.

The Horizon Models kit of the Convair SM-65 Atlas consists of three sprues of grey plastic, one decal sheet and one instruction booklet. Work begins by opening

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The final task is assembling the rocket nozzles and curved pipe to the bottom of the airframe.

Decals are provided for three

missiles: • First SAC Launch Atlas 12D S/N 57-2630, launched 9th September 1959

The plastic parts are superbly moulded with very fine surface detailing. This kit follows on from Horizon Models Mercury Atlas kits and having already built and reviewed them I am equally impressed with this one. Although there are not that many parts to the kit the ones that you do get are excellent. The build is relatively quick and the airframe is fully built in no time at all and the finished result is an excellent model of the Convair Atlas SM-65D. I hope that Horizon continue to produce fine model kits of this type as I am now a fan of this manufacturer.

REVIEWS

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SCALE COMMUNIT Y

IPMS (UK) Column Presented By

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s I type this, I’m still looking forward to the busiest couple of weekends of the UK air show season with Yeovilton Air Day, Flying Legends, RIAT Fairford and a couple of smaller events to keep me busy. At least I think I’m looking forward to it. The years are taking their toll and I do need to fit in an afternoon nap somewhere along the line... Of course, quite a number of shows have already taken place and I enjoyed both the IWM Duxford Air Festival and my local, the RAF Cosford International Airshow. The Duxford event, which occupied the bank holiday weekend at the end of May, edged it in terms of weather although both suffered from passing showers, although every (rain) cloud has a silver lining as those dark skies can help to produce some dramatic photographs. I only got along to the Cambridgeshire airfield on the Saturday and I think the stiff breeze was more responsible for my resulting ruddy complexion than was the sun, but it was a glorious day. The Cosford show, held a couple of weeks later on Sunday 11th June, was a bit more cloudy, and the weather on the previous day did prevent some of the hoped for participants from appearing, but still very hot and sticky. There was a certain amount of crossover between the two displays but each of the venues is unique and it was a nice contrast to experience both within the space of a fortnight. Duxford has the advantage of a number of based display acts, but also drew some extremely interesting visitors and provided a

In my eyes, one of the stars of the Duxford Air Festival. The first time I’ve ever seen a Noorduyn Norseman, as far as I know, and what a beauty, operated by the Norwegian Spitfire Foundation (Chris Ayre)

The Army Air Corps Attack Helicopter Display Team also appeared at both events. The flying, coupled with pyrotechnics, is very impressive but here is one of the team’s Apaches at rest before the Duxford display (Chris Ayre)

Chris Ayre

good variety of flying. With a runway length of less than 4,000ft, Cosford has always had something of an issue with getting certain types (generally the fast and the heavy) in for display on the ground. Helicopters featured prominently in the static display once more in 2017 but the appearance of a RAF A-400M Atlas proved that it really does have short field capability. As with Duxford, there is of course a museum on-site and in recent years the opportunity to view and photograph some of the RAF Museum’s prize exhibits in the open air has been something of an added bonus. As I never tire of saying, events like these provide inspiration and reference material to support this great hobby of ours. See you at the next one?

The latest issue of the IPMS (UK) Society magazine

August already - where has the year gone? This is another fairly busy month of model shows and first up, on 5th August, is the East of Scotland Model Show. Organised by IPMS Dundee at Marryat Hall in the Caird Hall Complex, City Square, Dundee, DD1 3BB, the show runs from 10.00am to 4.00pm and includes a competition, club displays, traders and a tombola. Contact Simon Hamilton on [email protected] for more information. Almost at the other end of the UK is the Boscombe Down Aviation Collection Model Show, which takes place on the following day,

Sunday 6th August. The BDAC museum is at Old Sarum Airfield in Wiltshire (SP4 6DZ) and entry to the event includes the opportunity to sit in a variety of fast jet cockpits! Doors open at 10.00am and the BDAC website is www.boscombedownaviationcollection.co.uk. They do things a little differently in Russia and starting on Saturday 12th August, the Stupino Scale Models Contest runs for fifteen days! However for foreign participants the reception for the contest will be open on 24th August or the morning of the 25th. The organisers plan to run a series of excursions for foreign visitors throughout the duration of the show. All details of the event are available from the website kitsm-patriot.ru/en/exhibition-en.html. This is one of the top ten model events in Russia and is held at Nika Art Gallery, Bakhareva Street 8,

The Armee de l’Air Rafale Solo Display aircraft has received this spectacular scheme for the 2017 season. Comparison with the almost completely unmarked aircraft used by the RAF’s Typhoon Display Team is perhaps inevitable, as is conjecture about the relative merits or otherwise of the two very dynamic demonstrations (Chris Ayre)

Duxford will forever be associated with the Supermarine Spitfire, being the first RAF base to take the aircraft into service, with 19 Squadron in 1938. These two immaculate Mk.1a Spits put on a superb pairs display at the Air Festival (Chris Ayre)

The Blades are back and as entertaining as ever and the pilot line-up now includes husband and wife Ben and Kirsty Murphy. All of the team have previously served with the Red Arrows and here is a rather nice picture of Team Leader Ben Murphy getting airborne at Cosford (Chris Ayre)

I believe that the Airbus A400M is the largest aircraft I’ve seen land at RAF Cosford and judging by the queues it was a very popular visitor. Parked alongside was an Italian Air Force Alenia C-27J Spartan, supporting the Tornado display aircraft, which operated from RAF Shawbury (Chris Ayre)

Showtime

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SCALE COMMUNIT Y

With the concurrent US Air Force deployment of bombers to RAF Fairford, the opportunity was taken to schedule appearances from both the B-1B Lancer and the B-542H Stratofortress. Unfortunately, the Bone fly-by coincided with some rather murky cloud but the Buff fared somewhat better and provided several passes, including a head to head with B-17 Sally B, which was pretty much impossible to capture on camera. The B-52 was 60-0021 of 96 Bomb Squadron, out of Barksdale AFB, Louisiana (Chris Ayre) Stupino, Moscow Region 142805. Meanwhile back in Blighty the IPMS Avon Show (Plastic Model and Wargaming Show) takes place at Thornbury Leisure Centre (BS35 3BJ) on Sunday 13th. This is a well established show with some forty trade stands, over eighty club stands and Special Interest Groups, Bring & Buy stand for wargamers, open model competition and much more so see the IPMS Avon website for more information at www.ipmsavon.org.uk. The following weekend (19-20th) sees another major overseas event in the IPMS Argentina Mar del Plata Model Show, which is held at the UTHGRA Hotel, Tucumàn 2662, Mar del Plata over the two days of the weekend. This is the thirty first annual show and 2017 sees a special Best of British Award hosted

Tucked away between the hangars at RAF Cosford was a display from the UK Met Office, which included this very interesting Cessna 421, equipped with particle test equipment. Designated a Civil Contingency Aircraft and with a pressurised cockpit, G-HIJK is intended to monitor gases, aerosols and, in particular, volcanic ash from any future eruptions (Chris Ayre)

by IPMS UK. More details are available from www.ipms-mardelplata.com.ar The North West Kit Swap, held at The Canberra Club, Samlesbury Aerodrome (BB2 7LF) is as the name suggests not a model show but an opportunity for modellers to sell off parts of their stash, and probably buy from someone else’s. The event is run by IPMS Lancashire (ipmslancashire.wordpress.com) and tables can be hired for £6.00. Doors open to sellers at 9.00am and entry is free to members of the public from 10.00am. The date for this event is Sunday 20th. Finally, it’s back north of the border for Scale Scotland 2017 on Saturday 26th. Nicknamed the Capital Model Show, it takes place at the Hilton Edinburgh Airport Hotel (EH28 8LL) and doors open at 10.00am. More

details are available from www.scalescotland.co.uk and you can also keep tabs on the event via Facebook. Until next time, enjoy your modelling.

Chris

ipmsuk.org Membership enquiries: Cliff Bassett, West Barn, Duken Lane, Wootton, Bridgnorth, Shropshire WV15 6EA Email: [email protected] or visit ipmsuk.org/membership/ to join online.

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 06

71

M A R K E T P L AC E K I T S

New Kits RouNd up

Anniversary

The Hobby Company/MRC

A & A Models 4801 1/48 Yakovlev Yak-11 Military Trainer Hannants

Hasegawa 02227 1/72 Heinkel He-111H-6 with Bv-246 Hagelkorn

Kovozavody prostejov 7276 1/72 Avia B-9 Military

Hasegawa 02229 1/72 Brewster B-239 Buffalo Finnish Air Force

Kovozavody prostejov 7277 1/72 Avia BH-9 L-BONF

Hannants/Stevens International

Hasegawa 02230 1/72 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga (Frances) Type11/Type16 Night Fighter

Kovozavody prostejov 7284 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fished J Czechoslovak AF

AZ Model 7560 1/72 Supermarine Spitfire T.9

Hasegawa 02231 1/72 Bell-Boeing MV-22B Osprey

AZ Model 7562 1/72 Messerschmitt Me-1106T Marine

Hasegawa 02232 1/72 SAAB AJ-37 Viggen

Kovozavody prostejov 7285 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fished J Warsaw Pact

AZ Model 7563 1/72 Messerschmitt Bf-109F-4 Hungarian AF

Hasegawa 02234 1/72 Mitsubishi J2M3 302 Flying Group

Airfix 02104 1/72 Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c Scout

AZ Model 7564 1/72 Dassault Super Mystere B2 with ATAR engine AZ Model 7565 1/72 Fairey Fulmar Mk I Hannants/UMM-USA Azur 4632 1/32 Polikarpov I-16 type 10 Rata Hannants/UMM-USA

Bat project 72006 1/72 SiemensSchuckert D.I early version Bat project 72007 1/72 SiemensSchuckert D.I late version Hannants Czech Master Resin 72G5016 1/72 Göppingen Gö 3 Minimoa

Hasegawa 02235 1/72 Lockheed UP-3C Orion 51 FS 2016 Hasegawa 07447 1/48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6/14 Hartmann Hasegawa 07448 1/48 Mitsubishi A6M5c/A6M7 Zero Fighter Type 52 Hei/Type 62 FUYO Unit Hasegawa 07450 1/48 McDonnellDouglas F/A-18F Super Hornet VX-23 Salty Dogs

model 339-23 In RAAF and USAAF colours special Hobby 72361 1/72 Gloster Meteor F.4 World Speed Record Hannants/Squadronl

Kovozavody prostejov 7286 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-21R Fished H

trumpeter 01680 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM Foxhound

Hannants/UMM-USA

trumpeter 03223 1/32 Mikoyan MIG-29A Fulcrum

LF Models 7206 1/72 Fokker C.VD Norway LF Models 7207 1/72 Fokker C.VD Finland

Pocketbond/Stevens International Valom 72111 1/72 Heinkel He119V-5 float plane

LF Models 7208 1/72 Fokker C.VD What If schemes

Hannants/UMM-USA

LF Models 7209 1/72 Fokker C.VE Finland

wolfpack 10002 1/48 Northrop T38A Talon NASA

LF Models 7210 1/72 Fokker C.VE Denmark

www.luckymodel.com

Hasegawa 08247 1/32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIa Douglas Bader with Figure

Hannants

uK iMpoRteRs

Micro-Mir 144-017 1/144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-11

Hasegawa CH44 1/48 McDonnell F-4J Phantom II VF-84 Jolly Roger

Micro-Mir 32-001 1/32 Fokker E.V/D.VIII

pocketbond: www.pocketbond.co.uk 01707 391509

Hasegawa e45 1/72 Kawanishi H8K2 Type 2 Flying Boat

Micro-Mir 72-011 1/72 Miles M.57 Aerovan

Hasegawa st013 1/32 Douglas A-4E/A-4F Skyhawk Lady Jessie

Hannants/Atlantis

Hasegawa st021 1/32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-8

Modelsvit 72038 1/72 I-320 R-3 Soviet experimental all weather interceptor

Hasegawa st023 1/32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-5

Hannants/Stevens International

Creative Models: www.creativemodels.co.uk 01354 760022

Amerang/Hobbico

Rs Models RsMi92181 1/72 Bell Airacobra Mk I

Amerang: www.amerang.co.uk 01482 887917

Rs Models RsMi92195 1/72 Morane-Saulnier MS.410

ultimate Modelling products: wingnut wings: www.wingnutwings.com

the Hobby Company: www.hobbyco.net 01908 605686 Hannants: 01502 517444

Hannants/UMM-USA

HobbyBoss 81714 1/48 Sukhoi SU-30MKK Flanker-G

dragon 3225 1/32 Messerschmitt Bf-109E-4b

HobbyBoss 81737 1/48 BAe Hawk Mk 200/208/209

The Hobby Company/Dragon USA

HobbyBoss 81754 1/48 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM Foxhound

Hannants/UMM USA

us iMpoRteRs

HobbyBoss 81758 1/48 Sukhoi SU-17M4 Fitter-K

Revell 03926 1/32 Focke Wulf Fw-190A-8

HobbyBoss 85807 1/48 North American P-51D/K Mustang PLAAF

Revell 03931 1/48 Mikoyan MiG-25RBT

dragon usA: www.dragonmodelsusa.com 626-968-0322

Creative Models/Squadron

Revell 05778 1/28 125 Years Anniversary Roter Baron (Red Baron) Gift Set

encore Models 72105 1/72 North American T-6 Texan/Harvard Hannants/Squadron eduard 70126 1/72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk XVI Bubbletop ProfiPACK edition eduard 8043 1/48 Roland C.II ProfiPACK edition

Heller 80260 1/72 Saab J29 Tunnan

eduard 8207 1/48 Messerschmitt Bf-110F ProfiPACK edition

Heller 80312 1/72 Marcel-Bloch MB.174A

eduard 84143 1/48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6 MTT Regensburg Weekend edition

Creative Models/Stevens International

Creative Models/Hannants/Sprue Brothers/Squadron Hasegawa 02220 1/72 Nakajima A6M2-N (Rufe) 802 Flying Group Hasegawa 02221 1/72 Mikoyan MiG-25PD Foxbat World Foxbat Hasegawa 02225 1/72 Lockheed P-38H/J Lightning European Theatre Hasegawa 02226 1/72 McDonnell F-15J Eagle 306SQ 35th

iBG Models iBG72505 1/72 PZL.23A iBG Models iBG72509 1/72 PZL.42 Hannants/Steven International iCM 48236 1/48 Junkers Ju-88A-4 Torp/A-17 Hannants/Stevens International italeri t1401 1/72 BAe Harrier GR.3 Falklands italeri 2772 1/48 Hawker Hunter F.6/FGA.9 Aerobatic Teams

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Rs Models RsMi92209 1/72 Messerschmitt Me-509 Nachtjäger

www.revell.de/en R.V.Aircraft RVA72051 1/72 Dassault Mirage IIICJ Reconnaissance II Hannants/UMM-USA sBs Model sBsK7015 1/72 Macchi MC.72 World Speed Record

Linden Hill imports: www.lindenhillimports.com 914734-9616 MRC: www.modelrectifier.com 732-225-2100 Rare-plane detective: www.rareplanedetective.com 702-564-2851

Hannants/UMM-USA

sprue Brothers: www.spruebrothers.com 816-759-8484

special Hobby 32011 1/32 Yakovlev Yak-3 Onwards to Berlin

squadron: www.squadron.com 877-414-0434

special Hobby 48180 1/48 Brewster model 239 Buffalo Taivaan Helmi over Finland special Hobby 72122 1/72 Lloyd C.V Series 46 Category C special Hobby 72128 1/72 Buffalo

stevens international: www.stevenshobby.com 856-435-7645 uMM-usA: www.umm-usa.com 847-537-0867

GINTER BOOKS:Navy/Air Force Tel: (805) 584-9732 Fax: (805) 584-6604 1754 Warfield Circle, Simi Valley, CA 93063 Kingkit • Unit 8 Cedar Court • Halesfield 17 • Telford • TF7 4PF • Tel: 01952 586457

“Due to the continued success of our new web site we are looking to buy all types of second hand models, accessories and related books..... Please contact us for a quote”

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WE BUY AND SELL PLASTIC KITS ANY SUBJECT - ANY SCALE ANY MANUFACTURER ALSO BOOKS, PROFILES AND BACK ISSUES OF SAM

www.ginterbooks.com

NFAF219 NFAF220 NAFA221 NF98 NF99 NF100 NF101 NF102 NF103 NF301

Republic XF-84H Thunderscreech Northrop YF-23 Consolidated Vultee (Convair) XB-46 Douglas AD/A-1 Skyraider Part 1 Douglas AD/A-1 Skyraider part Two Blue Goose Command Aircraft of the USN Grumman S2F/S2 Tracker Grumman S2F/S2 Tracker AND WF-2/1B Tracer Part Two Sikorsky 53 S-43/JRS-1 Amphibian "Baby Clippers" Black Knights Rule

$14.95 $49.95 $21.95 $52.95 $55.95 $35.95 $46.95 $52.95 $29.95 $49.95

M A R K E T P L AC E

XTRADECAL Further recent releases from Xtradecal have included a sheet offering some very different foreign operators for the Airfix Walrus, a kit many will be waiting to get their hands on! Add to that the new Victor sheet and it’s a useful month for UK modellers with Airfix’s red boxes in their stash. Also arrived is a set for the Bf109 in both 1/72 and 1/48 offering aircraft in different camouflage schemes from the Battle of Britain, North Africa, Italy, the Eastern Front and Reich Defence as flown by higher ranking pilots. 1/72 X72259 Messerschmitt Bf 109 Stab Part One • Bf-109E-3 JG 2 Geschwaderkommodore Oberst Gerd von Massow, 1939-40

Geschwaderstab Channel coast 1940, yellow nose and rudder • Bf-109F II/JG54 Gruppen Adjutant Eastern Front 1941 • Bf-109F-4 Trop II/JG3 Gruppenkommodore Hauptmann Krahl, Sicily 1942

Marham

X48178 Vickers Supermarine Walrus Collection Part Two

• XA938 214 Squadron, RAF Marham 1968

• N19 Irish Air Corps 1939-40, overall silver with orange/white/green bands on rudder and upper and lower wing tips

• XA940 Tanker Training Flight, RAF Marham 1969

• Bf-109F-4 Trop I./JG27 Tech Officer Rudi Sinner Africa 1942

• XH588 55 Squadron, RAF Marham 1970

• Bf-109F-2 II./JG53 Lt Jurgen Harder Poland 1941

• XH592 232 OCU, RAF Marham 1972

• Bf-109F-4 JG 52 Kommodore Major Hans Trubenbach Moldova 1942

• XH593 232 Squadron, RAF Marham 1975

• Bf-109G-2 JG 3 Kommander Major Wilke, Stalingrad 1942-3 • Bf-109G-6 (trop) 1./JG 77, Italy 1944 • Bf-109G-6 II/JG 52 Gruppenkommodore Major Gerhard Barkhorn, Ukraine 1944

X72259 above.

• XA936 214 Squadron, RAF Marham 1975

• XH615 the Marham Pool, 1975 • XH618 57 Squadron, RAF Marham 1967 • XL193 543 Squadron, RAF Wyton 1972 • XL513 139 Squadron, RAF Wittering 1964 • XM715 543 Squadron, RAF Wyton 1966

• 53.S.19 French Flottille 53S, Aeronavale 1945-48, overall silver, blue/white/red rudder stripes • M-0-4 Armada Argentina, on La Argentina late 1940s, overall silver with orange wing top and black bottom of hull, blue/white rudder and elevator stripes • G-AHFN United Whalers Ltd, London based on Fl.k Balaena and winner of the Daily Express Trophy Race at Lympe 1946, overall yellow with silver under wings and race No 2 on rudder

• Bf-109G-10 II./JG 52 Gruppen Adjutant Unteroiffzier. Anton Kellmayer, Neubiberg 1945

1/48

• Bf-109E III/JG 2 France 1940

X72265 Handley Page Victor Collection

X48169 Messerschmitt Bf 109 Stab Part One

• HD-874 Royal Australian National Antartic Establishment, HMAS Labuan, Hear Island 1948, overall yellow

• Bf-109E Stab 1A of the

• XA928 57 Squadron, RAF

Options are identical to sheet

Hannants/Squadron

EDUARD

alternative, or as a first choice for someone new to using etched details who wants to dip a toe into the water.

49834 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite for Kitty Hawk Model kits

Eduard kits

49835 Sukhoi Su-25UB/UBK interior for Eduard, KP/Kopro, OEZ and SMER kits

72654 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM for Trumpeter kits

• Bf-109E-3 III/JG 2 Gruppenkommodoore Major Erich Mix 1940

Looks like anyone following Yoav Efrati’s build of the Lightning II in 1/32 will have some extra work to do if they go down the Eduard path as the kit gets the full treatment this month with pretty much everything covered by etched sets and masks. Plenty of ZOOM sets this month. Readers are reminded that ZOOM is a kind of Eduard Lite. The original concept was for a smaller cheaper fret based on the full sets that contained only those crucial features that would enhance and embellish without any surgery being required. Thus one might expect an instrument panel and seatbelts but not necessarily flaps or anything that required modification to the kit plastic. All parts were initially drop in replacements for kit pieces or simply provided detail that was not there. The idea has changed little and ZOOM now covers most of Eduard’s major releases as a viable

1/32 32404 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II exterior for Italeri kits 32405 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II wheel bays and bomb bays for Italeri kits 32910 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II interior for Italeri kits 33168 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II ZOOM set for Italeri kits 33169 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II seatbelts STEEL for Italeri kits JX201 Lockheed-Martin F-35A Lightning II masks for Italeri kits 1/48 48926 Sukhoi Su-25UB/UBK exterior for Eduard, KP/Kopro, OEZ and SMER kits 49833 Messerschmitt Bf-110F Nachtjager for Eduard kits

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EX554 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite masks for Kitty Hawk Model kits EX555 Messerschmitt Bf-110F masks for Eduard kits FE834 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite ZOOM set for Kitty Hawk Model FE835 Sukhoi Su-25UB/UBK ZOOM set for Eduard, KP/Kopro, OEZ and SMER FE836 Sukhoi Su-25UB/UBK seatbelts STEEL for Eduard, KP/Kopro, OEZ and SMER kits FE837 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite seatbelts STEEL for Kitty Hawk Model kits

1/72

73595 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM for Trumpeter kits 73596 Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu T.100 Heavy Bomber type II Helen for Hasegawa kits CX484 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM masks for Trumpeter kits CX485 Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress anti glare panels VE production masks for Airfix kits SS595 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM ZOOM set for Trumpeter kits SS596 Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu T.100 Heavy Bomber type II ZOOM set for Hasegawa kits

FE838 Luftwaffe rudder pedals

SS597 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IXC/Mk.IXE seatbelts STEEL for Eduard kits

FE839 Seatbelts France WWII STEEL

SS598 Luftwaffe rudder pedals

FE840 Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXC/Mk IXE seatbelts STEEL for

SS599 Seatbelts France WWII STEEL www.eduard.com

m A r k e T p l Ac e

pereGrine publishinG P-47D-30-RA Thunderbolt Walk Around CD Detailed Photo Essay on CD By Steve Muth With so many excellent kits in all scales available, there are ample opportunities for turning out a showstopping Thunderbolt. All you really need is a little

spArmAxs

additional reference material and this is where Peregrine Publishing comes in. Typically Peregine’s products feature aircraft in original condition, very often with a paintwork so you can be sure of the authenticity. All photos on this release were taken with the permission and assistance of Darwin Edwards at the Museum of Aviation.

control colour flow

UK dealer The Airbrush Company have advised us of three new airbrushes in the Sparmax range. All offer excellent value for money and with The Airbrush Company’s excellent customer support make for an excellent choice of tool, especially for someone coming new to airbrushing looking for something simple and reliable.

SP-GP50 Sparmax GP-50 pistol trigger airbrush £90.00 The Sparmax GP-50 Pistol Trigger airbrush offers all the ease of use and control of the GP-35 but has a 0.5mm needle and nozzle combination for general purpose, high paint flow spraying and wider spray patterns.

SP-GP-35 Sparmax GP-35 pistol trigger airbrush £90.00 The Sparmax GP-35 dual action pistol trigger airbrush offers simple, ergonomic operation and the two side feed metal cups make colour changing quick and easy. It has a 0.35mm needle and nozzle combination for general purpose to fine detail spraying. Featuring a preset handle, this airbrush allows even the beginner to spray consistent coverage or consistent lines and prevents accidentally pulling back too far to flood the surface you're spraying.

The Sparmax GP-50 airbrush features:

The Sparmax GP-35 features: • Side feed with two metal cups, 7ml (1/4oz) and 15ml (1/2oz) • 0.35mm needle and nozzle combination for general purpose to fine detail spraying • Fine detail to 1" (0.3mm to 35mm) spray pattern with the one size nozzle • Ergonomic pistol trigger and preset handle to

Air-GrAphic AAir-Graphic continue to expand their range and a look at their Facebook trading page confirms a number of new items in the pipeline as well as those received here for review. Items received have included what must be the most crucial item for fans of the modern RAF yet, namely a set of resin wing gloves for the Revell Tornado in 1/72. AIR.AC-013 1/72 Scale Tornado Wing gloves £5.00 This two piece set is a simple drop in replacement for the kit parts that fit closer to the wings, which are designed to be moveable.

• Side feed with two metal cups, 7ml (1/4oz) and 15ml (1/2oz) • 0.35mm needle and nozzle combination for general purpose to fine detail spraying

Priced at an affordable $12.00 each including postage, Peregrine’s CDs may be ordered from Steve Muth at Peregrine Publishing, 70 The Promenade, Glen Head, NY 11545, USA, by telephone at (516)759-1089, by FAX at (516)759-1034 or email at [email protected] Payment by check on a US bank in dollars or PayPal. For foreign orders add $12.00 US dollars for postage.

The fan pattern delivers with a minimum of overspray giving it a unique advantage over mini touch up guns. Great for small areas such as chip repair, fender welds, door jams and other hardto-reach areas. It is also ideal for airbrushing RC body shells and larger scale models. The Sparmax GP-850 airbrush features: • Gravity feed with large 125cc removable gravity feed fluid cup • Fan pattern air cap (requires compressor with at least 1.2 cfm) • Round Pattern air cap

• Fine detail to 1.5" (0.5mm to 38mm) spray pattern with the one size nozzle

• 1/8" to 2" (3mm to 50mm) spray pattern with Round Pattern air cap

• Ergonomic pistol trigger and preset handle to control colour flow

• 1" to 2 1/2" (25mm to 63mm) oval spray pattern with Fan Pattern air cap

Sparmax SP-GP-850 with fan/round air caps £115.00 The Sparmax GP-850 features both a fan pattern and round pattern air cap. Based on preference you can switch between caps, which offers great advantages when applying spray tans for example, should your troglodyte existence hunched over the modelling bench lead to a pale and wan complexion that you decide needs addressing on the rare occasions you venture into the light.

• Ergonomic pistol trigger and preset handle to control colour flow

Fitting the resin parts will trap them in the forward position, but will remove the ridiculous aperture that you are otherwise left with. They fit perfectly, require little clean up and do not require the modeller to deviate from the kit instructions at all. One of the most useful and long overdue resin corrections I have seen in years.

asking price of Revell’s kits should not push the price of the project unrealistically high.

Designed for the Revell kit, one can only hope the manufacturer will scale them up and also make a set for the Italeri/Revell F.3, an otherwise decent kit that the aftermarket has long overlooked. In the meantime if you are modelling the Revell Tornado GR.1/4/IDS/ECR these are essential items and given the modest

These tools are warranted by The Airbrush Company Ltd against manufacturing defects of materials or workmanship for a period of 5 years from the original date of purchase. This warranty does not cover needles, nozzles, packing and orings, since these parts need to be replaced occasionally due to normal wear. www.airbrushes.com

AIR-AC001 Chinook Engine Sand Filters £6.50 This item is a set of 1/72 resin sand filters for the Italeri or Trumpeter CH-47D Chinook with slight modification, as used by many countries on their aircraft in Iraq and Afghanistan. AIR.AC-012 1/72 MB326 dropped wing flaps £6.50 Cast by OzMods for Air-Graphics. Designed for the Italeri MB326 kit. AIR.AC-030 1/72 Scale Hunting JP233 bomb dispensers £7.50 Designed for the Hasegawa and Revell Tornado

AuGusT 2017 • Volume 39 • issue 06

75

M A R K E T P L AC E GR.1 kits, these items hark back to the early years of the Tornado and will be ideal for a Gulf War machine or an early RAF Germany aircraft. Each comes in two pieces and has a location point for the fuselage pylon moulded into the top.

BRENGUN A busy month from this Czech source with not only a pile of etched details for a variety of kits but some further additions to the 1/144 diorama range. The German staff car and US Jeeps in this scale are delicate little toolings and will compliment any vignette nicely. Accessories range from the mainstream, such as sets for the Tamiya Ki-61, to the esoteric, and include some items for kits of Czech manufacturer that have not been catered for elsewhere.

AIR.AC-031 1/72 Scale Raphael TM Recce Pod Designed for the Special Hobby Mirage F1CR kit but will kit most Mirage F1 kits. All of these items can be viewed on the Facebook page – just search Air-Graphic. Payment can be made via PayPal to

One item that did look impressive was a set of parts for the AMT/Italeri XB-70 Valkyrie, a reminder that Brengun’s range is fairly eclectic and always worth a look if you are looking to refresh one of the kits that other aftermarket sources do not reach... 1/144 Resin Diorama Accessories BRS144032 Bachem Natter Ramp/Trailer BRS144033 US Jeep (two in set) BRS144034 German staff car hardtop (two in set) 1/72 Etched Details BRL72124 Mig-17F (Kovozavody Prostejov)

[email protected] The link below will direct you to the trading page on Facebook, where you can see much more in the current range and find out what else is due. www.facebook.com/AirGraphicsModels

BRL72125 Yak-1 Canopy masks (Brengun) BRL72126 XB-70 Valkyrie (AMT/Italeri) BRL72127 Soviet rockets RS82 1/48 Etched Details BRL48080 L-39ZA/ZO Albatros (Special Hobby) BRL48081 Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 22 (Brengun) BRL48082 Ki-61 Id Hien Flaps (Tamiya) BRL48083 KI-61 Id Hien (Tamiya) 1/32 Etched details BRL32023 Brewster Buffalo Flaps (Special Hobby) www.brengun.cz

MH MODELS

and with ease.

Special Hobby/Academy kit)

Among the interesting items that found their way back from Brno was a selection of masking sets from Czech producer MH Models, all of which seem to be aimed at from the MPM/Special Hobby range. Not in the familiar kabuki tape, these are cut from a thin low tack material redolent of the original Eduard masks. The die-cut seems to be very precise and the parts remove from the backing sheet cleanly

Items received have been:

1/48

1/72

X48019 Brewster Buffalo (for Special Hobby/Classic Airframes kit)

FOXBOT Two new sheets received from Foxbot cover Soviet fighters in 1/48: 48007 La-7 Weapon of Victory This sheet offers seven aircraft, all in the standard grey camouflage over pale blue undersides, with an assortment of individual markings and slogans. Five of the options feature red noses and a couple include flamboyant tail markings. The decal sheet includes all the individual markings

X72009 Douglas A-20B Havoc/Boston (for MPM/Special Hobby kit)

X72011 Douglas A-20C Havoc/Boston UTK-1 Turret (for MPM/Special Hobby kit)

MH have also provided cipies of their sets for the Special Hobby Tempest V, and these have been forwarded to a builder for inclusion on a build of the HiTech kit in due course.

X72012 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver (for

www.mhmodels.cz

X72010 Douglas A-20C Havoc/Boston (for MPM/Special Hobby kit)

and national markings for two aircraft along with the minimal stencilling required. 48008 Yak-9 Red Warhorses As with the previous sheet Foxbot have found a selection of attractive options for this Soviet fighter with no less than nine aircraft covered. National markings are provided for three complete machines, with stencilling included. www.hannants.co.uk

TWO BOBS 57 Wing at Nellis AFB continues to generate new adversary paint schemes that mimic the newest schemes from potential adversaries of the US, Splinter and Shark being the two newest. Two Bobs latest release offers both, and the manufacturer has worked with the actual crew chiefs of these particular aircraft to get all the little details just right, such as the Russian stars, which are larger on two aircraft than the first Splinter jet that was painted in this scheme. Two Bobs have included vinyl paint masks for the Shark scheme to paint the false dielectic EW panels that mimic those on the SU-34 Fullback aircraft:

In this scale the set offers three aircraft, two Splinter schemes and one Shark. Stencilling is included along with the usual high quality full colour instruction sheet. 1/48 48256 F-16C Baby Got Fullback Aggressors In 1/48 two machines are covered, one in each scheme, again with full stencilling and national markings for both. 1/32

1/72

32067 F-16C Baby Got Fullback Aggressors In the larger scale the set offers individual markings for two aircraft but just the one set of stencils and national markings.

72104 F-16C Baby Got Fullback Aggressors

www.twobobs.net

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S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C

By Trevor Pask

Kit No: 90 Scale: 1/72 Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Italeri The Hobby Company/MRC

O

ne of the myths that surrounds the P-51 Mustang is that the aircraft was a failure prior to the replacement of the Allison power plant in the earlier versions with a Merlin from the P-51B onwards. It is true to say that the adoption of the RollsRoyce engine greatly improved the aircraft, and made it arguably into the best single seat/engined fighter of World War II. The Allison powered variant has only come to be regarded as a dud in comparison to the outstanding aircraft that it was developed into. The P-51A was developed initially for the RAF, and early tests of the aircraft indicated that it was broadly comparable with the Mk V Spitfire, and though it was faster and longer ranged, it showed a poorer rate of climb and performance at altitude. The adoption of the Merlin engine rectified those faults and created and unleashed the potential of the basic design, but the potential had

the P-51A in RAF and USAAF service was a more than competent low level fighter. No less than 1,500 of the P-51A and a dedicated ground attack variant, the A-36 Apache/Invader, served with both air forces. The British used the aircraft in Europe for nuisance ground attack raids over France, whereas the Americans tended to employ them in North Africa and the Far East. The last aircraft did not leave service until 1945, and the bottom line is that a four year service history in World War II is not indicative of a failure.

Modelling the early P-51 Dozens of P-51 Mustang kits have been produced over the years, but reflecting the looks of the type, the majority have been of the D variant. To a lesser extent the B and C versions have received some attention, but the early Allison powered A model has been rather neglected. In 1/48 the Accurate Miniatures kits redressed the balance in the late 1990s, but in 1/72 only Academy and Italeri among mainstream manufacturers have produced kits. In the specialist limited run market AZ, Special Hobby and Condor have produced kits of the A variant or Mk 1 as it was known in RAF service. Condor also produced a more mainstream 1/72 kit of the A-36 Apache, which is also well worth searching out. These are currently in production, but it is the Italeri one that the modeller will tend to come across in the average model shop, and so for that reason, I chose it as the basis for this project. Unfortunately, there are virtually no aftermarket accessories available for the P-51A. The likes of

be adapted. The A version also saw comparatively limited service and did not have the opportunity to have the widely varied colour schemes of the latter versions, particularly the P-51D. Compared to other subjects then, the modeller is left more to his or her own devices, which in a strange way attracted me all the more to the subject. The Italeri kit is well moulded and packed with fine detail. In fact the only constructional challenges are likely to be connected with the delicate nature of some of the detail. In places such as the undercarriage legs and the cockpit tub, this really is exceptional for a kit costing under £4. The kit shares a fair amount of generic components with Italeri’s P-51D kit, such as the wings and tail planes, and parts of the cockpit tub need to be modified as it was clearly designed for the later version of the aircraft. All of this work is easily done however, and the modified components build up into an accurate representation of the P-51A interior. I painted the interior with Humbrol enamels, and used a mix of preshading, dry brushing and washes to pick out the detail. The moulded on seat belt was acceptable in this scale, but I sanded this off and added a replacement made from some thin strips of lead foil to create a little more depth. With the cockpit interior finished, the two fuselage halves were joined, and the rest of the airframe quickly built up. The fit of the major components was good, but not in the Tamiya class, so a degree of filler was required. The intake above the nose and under fuselage radiator were particularly tricky to smooth into the airframe and several applications of increasingly tiny amounts of filler were needed to get an

acceptable finish in this area. The wing guns were also a little troublesome to fit. In order to make use of a generic wing, these are provided as an insert with part of the wing leading edge. The fit of these components is only approximate, and is probably the worst area of the kit in that a considerable amount of filler is required to get everything looking reasonably neat. The guns themselves are very fragile, and cleaning up the filler demands some careful work. The kit has very fine engraved panel lines, much of which unfortunately get damaged slightly by the cleaning up process. In this small scale this not a problem, and I purposely filled in the majority of the lines to emphasis the ones I decided to leave. Once the basic airframe was complete, I started to add the smaller details such as the undercarriage and propeller prior to painting. These are again well detailed, and the only improvement I made was to add a little fine fuse wire to the undercarriage legs to represent the prominent hydraulic lines on P-51s. Neat and careful work soon got the project ready for the painting stage. The modeller is somewhat limited in schemes for the P-51A. In RAF service the aircraft wore the standard light grey, ocean grey and dark green mid war camouflage. In USAAF service the aircraft also tended to sport a standard light grey underside with an Olive Drab upper surface, with relatively few examples carrying nose art. Apart from the odd photographic reference to an aircraft in natural metal finish, virtually every photograph I have seen

of the P-51A in American service indicates that this standard finish was the norm.

to be there in the first place. The deficiencies of the Allison engine did not matter at low altitudes, and

Eduard do not do a dedicated photo etched fret for any of the currently available kits, and virtually no aftermarket decals are available. To an extent this is not a disaster as a fret designed for a D variant could

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I chose to model the USAAF aircraft from the British and American options provided by Italeri, mainly because I was attracted to the early war American roundels and the large Stars and Stripes flag on the tail of the aircraft, and yellow

S TA S H I N T H E AT T I C

identification stripes along the wings. The P-51As that served in North Africa especially tended to wear a large number of recognition stripes on the wings and fuselage. These were worn, rather like the later and much more conspicuous D Day stripes, to avoid friendly ground fire. This was especially important with a ground attack aircraft, and my research indicates that the Stars and Stripes flag was also a recognition aid. Whatever the reason, the yellow stripes and the flag contrast with the utilitarian camouflage of the basic scheme, and make for an interesting subject.

Italeri’s decal sheet is printed by Zanchetti and is a neat production. The decals are matt, but they are thin, have sufficient colour density and are perfectly in register. The gloss surface provided by the Klear supplied a good base, and all the images adhered without any trouble, including the large yellow wing flashes. Given the nature of the model and the prepared surface, I only used a mild setting solution on the yellow wing flashes.

Halfords automotive primer paints were used extensively during construction, but the final finish on the model was achieved by a mixture of careful hand painting using Humbrol enamels, and airbrushing with Vallejo acrylics.

Once the decals were on I applied a very heavily thinned wash of Humbrol 121 Light Stone over the entire model to simulate the heavy layers of grime that aircraft operating in North Africa often appeared to pick up.

Humbrol 126 Neutral Grey was used for the under surfaces and Vallejo 71043 Olive Drab for the upper surfaces. Two thinly applied coats of each were applied, allowing plenty of drying time between each. The Olive Drab in particular provided a deep finish, which instantly gave the subject a more solid appearance. With the basic colours in place, I then lightened each colour slightly using a little 35 Matt White and lightly dry brushed the model. This both brought out some of the panel detail, and produced a faded weathered look, which seemed to reflect the bleached look some aircraft had in contemporary photographs. Humbrol enamels were also employed for the detail painting, most prominently 60 Red for the spinner, but also 78 Interior Green for the wheel wells. The latter were given a wash of heavily thinned 33 Matt Black as was the radiator area to emphasis the detail in these areas. Humbrol 11 Silver was finally applied with the tip of a toothpick to represent chipped paint on various parts of the airframe, which would experience very heavy wear and tear, such as the leading edges of the wings and tail planes, and either side of the wing under the cockpit. As the majority of these finishes were heavily matt, two thin coats of Klear were then applied to the entire model to prepare it for the decals.

The final touch was the loop radio aerial. The kit part was a good moulding, but the component supplied in the Revell P51B/Mustang Mk III kit was slightly superior. As the Revell kit is also generic and supplies a number of aerials for different versions, I did not feel bad about raiding an unbuilt kit for the loop aerial. The canopy was the last component added to the model. The two pieces were painted with Klear earlier on in the project both to protect them and to improve their clarity. They fitted perfectly, and it was simple to mask the canopy up with some tiny pieces of Tamiya masking tape and carefully paint the framing by hand. The final task I undertook was to airbrush a little Vallejo 71034 Sandy Brown at a very low pressure over the undersides and leading edges of the model to simulate the dust that an aircraft such as the Mustang would pick up on take-off and landing in North Africa. Too much of this technique could easily have spoiled the model, but I managed to be restrained and the end result was pleasing enough.

Conclusions One of the better 1/72 projects I have tried, and proof I think that a simple cheap mainstream kit can be built into a good model by the adoption of standard modelling techniques. I think the model is all the better for the fact that it is not a

brightly painted P-51D in a famous livery, but one of the lesser known variants of the aircraft in a standard finish. The project is also another demonstration of the fact that Italeri produce some stunning kits for very modest prices.

Afterword - Later Mustangs After the Italeri kit was finished, the impulse to build two later versions of the P-51 in more colourful markings came about with the acquisition of the recent Airfix P-51D and a HobbyBoss P51C acquired as an impulse buy at a summer airshow The project was firmed up with Kits World decals sheet KW72139, which had options for both a C and D with more traditional pin-up nose art, P-51D Shady Lady and P-51C Oh, Johnnie. The Airfix kit is a modern conventionally injection moulded kit whereas the HobbyBoss is an easy model with the wings and fuselage moulded in single pieces. Modern slide mounding technology allows deep recesses to represent the wheel wells and cockpit, but these areas are not accurate. Both kits build up quickly and neatly, although there are issues with each. The Airfix kit is one of their latest issues and received excellent reviews when it first appeared. The kit is very well detailed and perhaps because of this, I experienced a few constructional problems. These all involved the fit of the two fuselage halves and are caused by a very tight fit of the cockpit floor. A lot of test fitting was needed and even then some filler was required along the fuselage join. The HobbyBoss kit, being essentially a solid fuselage block, does not suffer from this problem, but the fit of the wing to the fuselage leaves a gap that is too big to palm off as a panel line. Both kits were painted at the same time. Natural metal P-51s in World War II typically had unpainted fuselages with painted aluminium wings. The purpose of this was because the rivet holes in the wings were filled and sanded smooth. The silver paint added a final sheen and made the aircraft look neater. The same treatment was not carried out on the fuselage as the work did not yield a significant performance advantage. The fact that aircraft were left in a

natural metal finish is indicative of the fact that by the mid war period, the allies were so dominant that camouflage was not really necessary. Replicating the contrast between the wings and fuselage is tricky in 1/72. Restored airworthy aircraft often display a marked difference between the wings and fuselage with the latter often being brightly polished. Contemporary World War II photographs reveal less contrast, and the approach adopted in this project was to finish the models in Halfords Aluminium and then polish the wings with a nail buffer. The Kits World decals are of excellent quality and worked well on both models. The Airfix decal sheet was raided for the stencil details. The HobbyBoss sheet was not used at all as decals are not the best feature of this manufacturer’s kits. After the decals, minimal weathering was applied to both models. Other detailed painting at this stage involved touching up the paintwork on the undercarriage and applying a dark wash to the undercarriage bays to create depth and emphasis the detail in these areas. Both kits come with two canopy options. The HobbyBoss providing the original flatter and later bulged versions fitted to the P-51B and Airfix the two types of teardrop version used on the P51D. Both kits had some fit issues with the canopy. The HobbyBoss component needed a lot of adjustment to get a half decent fit and the Airfix part created a better scale appearance in the open rather than closed position. In the end the Airfix kit is the better scale representation of a P51 with slightly more detail overall and the added features of an open canopy and separate flaps. The much simpler HobbyBoss model also looks the part, and for a finished product to sit on a shelf, is less likely to get damaged. The real story behind both of these kits is that their very existence indicates that the hobby is still healthy. All strands of it need to be supported as things could change and what is taken for granted is often not missed until it is gone.

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BOOKREVIEWS

A look at some of the latest publications received for review Edited by Ernie Lee The English Electric Canberra first came into production in the late 1940s and has since played a hugely significant part in world events. In this book the author takes us through its rich history with the help of those who operated this magnificent machine. Contributors include Roly Bee Beamont, the English Electric test pilot who first flew the aircraft in 1949.

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 2: Late Two Seaters Author: Jack Herris Publisher: Aeronaut ISBN: 978 19358 814 83 Format: Paperback, 212 pages

The second volume of Jack Herris’s quadrilogy of Albatros reference books carries straight on from where the first left off, covering C types from the C.V to the C.XV. As with previous volumes each aircraft type is given its own section with plenty of coverage including a technical development history, a large selection of period photos and colour profiles. For instance the C.X is allocated twenty pages, which include thirty nine black and white photographs and six profiles. This is perhaps one of the more interesting volumes to the casual reader as it covers many of the lesser known two seat variants. The text is detailed and informative with photo captions providing as much of the story as the main text. In addition this volume contains scale drawings for five variants featured in the book. This is another worthy addition to the Centennial series that brings Peter Grosz’s vision of a complete reference of German aircraft one step closer to completion. www.aeronautbooks.com

Dave Hooper

two seater volumes or the forthcoming single seat D type volume and as such is probably the more unusual as it contains many of the lesser known types. The book concentrates on the G types (bombers), J types (armoured) and W types (seaplanes). The format is unchanged from previous volumes with a section on each aircraft covered. In particular it was interesting to see the seaplane section as we all know about the W.4, but what about Ws 1 to 3, and beyond up to W8?

As part of the expansion of the RAF’s Bomber Command in the 1950s, RAF Binbrook was the first station to house four Canberra squadrons, starting with 101 Squadron in May 1951. Since then and throughout the twentieth century, the Canberra operated across the globe in Europe, South America and South East Asia. It has served an array of air forces such as the USAF, Australian Air Force and the Indian Air Force, the third largest operator of the Canberra after the RAF and USAF.

I might be wrong but the print quality of this volume is a little richer and clearer than previous volumes. Certainly where the source of photos are of a better initial quality it shows and even the colour profiles look a little more vibrant.

This led to the Canberra playing a crucial role as a photo reconnaissance aircraft in operations like the Suez Campaign, the nuclear tests of Operation Grapple and the Indonesian Confrontation. Other tales in the book include participation in the Sassoon Trophy competition, longdistance flights in Exercise Round Trip and Operation Quick Flight.

This book contains a small portion of four years of aircraft development from just one company. It still astounds me just how much development work went on during World War I period. What more can I say? If you are interested in World War I aviation then this book, and all of its companions, are absolutely essential reading material. www.aeronautbooks.com

Concluding with the Canberra PR9’s final RAF flight with 39 Squadron in July 2006, this book provides a detailed and fascinating history of an outstanding aircraft alongside illuminating anecdotes from the men who served with the aircraft.

Dave Hooper

www.grubstreet.co.uk

Canberra Boys

Cross & Cockade International 2018 Calendar

Authors: Andrew Brookes Publisher: Grub Street ISBN: 978 19106 903 38 Format: Hardback, 212 pages

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 3: Bombers, Seaplanes and J Types Author: Jack Herris Publisher: Aeronaut ISBN: 978 19358 814 90 Format: Paperback, 142 pages As the title suggests Volume 3 covers all of the types that are not included in the two previous

Publishers: ACanberra Boys Format: Spiral Bound, 14 pages

It may seem early to be thinking about Christmas and the New Year but this is an absolute must have release for any World War I enthusiast, and it will sell out quickly so get in soon to avoid disappointment! The calendar is A4 and offers twelve plates in glorious full featuring superb paintings by world renowned artists. Proceeds go towards ongoing maintenance of the British Air Services Memorial at St Omer, which was erected by the society in 2004 to commemorate the 8,000 airmen who gave their lives in France and Flanders during World War I. The calendar costs £11 including postage and packing. Airmail shipping to Europe will be £12.50 and the rest of the world £13.50. Check out the website for further details. www.crossandcockade.com

Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum Owners Workshop Manual Author: David Baker Publisher: Haynes ISBN: 978 08573 339 71 Format: Hardback, 172 pages An insight into operating, flying and maintaining the Soviet Union’s deadly Cold War jet fighter. The Soviet MiG-29 was probably the finest Cold War military fighter jet on both sides during the 1980s and 1990s. When western military experts later analysed its flight characteristics they were astounded by the MiG’s performance and realised the jet was years ahead of its time, with no western fighter coming close to its performance until 2013! This latest manual offers readers a unique look under the skin of the MiG-29 and interviews with MiG pilots and ground engineers give rare insights into this remarkable Cold War warrior. Twenty years ago this book would have caused a major diplomatic incident... www.haynes.com

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G yr o - C u t A D V E R TO R I A L

GYRO-CUT Works like a pen …..cuts like a knife!

T

hey say the Devil is in the detail! This is particularly true when finishing a scale modelling project; whether you are making a warplane, ship, tank or any model which requires a paint finish, the finishing stage can make or break the result. Using the right tool usually makes the job a whole lot easier and when it comes to cutting paint masks and masking tape, the Gyro-Cut® from Crafty Products certainly is the right tool. The ingenious Gyro-Cut tool has a 360-degree rotating blade which works on the “trailing edge” principle. Similar to the way a castor works on a chair leg or shopping trolley, whereby the wheel will automatically follow the direction of travel when the chair is pushed around. Similarly, the Gyro-Cut blade will follow the direction of your hand. It makes cutting camouflage patterns a “piece of cake”. Of course, there are other swivel knives out there but the Gyro-Cut out performs these because of some unique features. Firstly, the device is equipped with two miniature precision ball bearings which provide completely free rotational movement of the blade whilst maintaining a high level of accuracy. Secondly, the blade has been diamond ground to a special shape which enables the cutting edge to cope with most thin sheet materials. Strangely, the Gyro-Cut blade does not cut human skin in normal use as it is not sharp in the same way that a scalpel blade is sharp. It works very efficiently due to its shape rather than its sharpness. A further benefit of this design is that the blade will last far longer than a scalpel blade or other very sharp blade (typically up to 3 months of regular use). Thirdly, the Gyro-Cut handle has been cleverly designed for right, or left-handed use, with critical angles “built in” at the injection moulding stage to facilitate use and ensure maximum efficiency if held and used correctly. The Gyro-Cut tool was designed by Edward Harvey, who incidentally also designed and patented the method of manufacturing and assembling the ballpoint pen nib in 1962. Interestingly, the devices work in very similar ways. If you use the Gyro-Cut tool like a ballpoint pen and draw the shape you desire, the blade will cut like a knife as you go. Hence the strapline “Works like a pen…..cuts like a knife!”. After a little practice, it’s easy to cut perfect circles, straight lines (using a plastic ruler), compound curves and any other desired shapes. Whether you are working freehand or following lines on a sketch, drawing or printed image, the Gyro-Cut is the perfect tool for the job. The tool is suitable for cutting a vast range of materials including paper, tissue paper, thin card (up to 240gsm), Tamiya tape, all masking tapes, duct tape, sticky backed vinyl, iron-on coverings, the list goes on. Blades can be replaced easily and quickly using a pair of pliers. Simply pull the used blade out of the blade carrier and replace with a new one. Replacement blade packs are readily available (ref GC-1312). To order your Gyro-Cut tool visit www.craftyproducts.co.uk

Ingenious products for creative people

www.craftyproducts.co.uk e: [email protected] Tel: +44 (0)7908 935578

580 MODELLERS

Scottish Nationals, Perth, 29-30th April 2017 By Geoff Cooper-Smith

E

very time I do Scale ModelWorld I find it exhilarating, exciting and exasperating all at the same time because even if you are a punter, two days is simply not long enough to do everything as it should be done. But the Scottish Nationals, occupying one and a half halls of the Live Dewars Centre in the fair city of Perth, is so different. Never having done a ‘foreign’ show, this seemed an obvious first step, so when Jim Scott approached the 580 Modellers regarding attendance at the Scottish Nationals it was broached with some trepidation. However the response was thankfully positive and immediate and so we were on. As it was a two day show

business was conducted on our Telford model, and although unfortunately for personal reasons some of the crew had to drop out we managed a full four table set, located in the main hall, which is usually the ice rink, and an eventual attendance of five. Every one of us considered it to be a very rewarding experience, and in so many ways, from the friendliness and attentiveness of those staffing the event, who were taken from across several Scottish clubs, the time available to chat to traders, usually more than once, the variety of displays, even one with disco music, the large competition area with lots of classes

and a host of trophies, including our success from Darren, who got his first ever award in a competition, through to ‘Chopper Hopper’ who is now our foreign champion in 1/32 aircraft at his first time out, the real bargains (Accurate Miniatures Mustang for £5 replete with aftermarket decal set in the box anyone?) and of course the chance to catch up amongst ourselves. So, many thanks to Jim Scott and the rest of the Scottish Nationals crew for inviting us. Those who did attend said they would definitely do it again and hopefully when the 580 crew return they will bring more of the enlightened along.

580 Go Abroad General view of the main hall, normally an ice rink (Geoff Cooper-Smith)

By Show Dragon

T

o accompany the report on their attendance at the Scottish Nationals, 580 Modellers agreed to lay their accounts bare, to give everyone an idea of the level of financial commitment required to attend and display at this show. The erstwhile Geoff Cooper-Smith, contributor of this parish, sets things out: First up is travel. The car, affectionately known as The Dragon as it has a dungeon, is a bronzy colour, has a fin and is of oriental origin, although actually made in the UK, conveying the stand i.e. cloths, staging, bases, banners and labels, along with some models for display and some unwanted kits for sale, travelled from the environs of North West Manchester to Perth during the afternoon of the Friday. After an overnight stay in the centre of Perth the contents were brought to the venue for set-up early on Saturday morning. The car also made an empty trip back to the overnight accommodation on Saturday night and back out Sunday morning before being loaded up again after the show had ended and ferrying everything (plus a bit more!) back to North West Manchester, arriving around 9.30 in the evening. Distance travelled was 523 miles. Another vehicle departed Leicester somewhat earlier on the Friday from

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580 M O D E L L E R S Leicestershire, made a pick-up in Cheshire and carried on to the same city centre location in Perth, running to and from the show and then a reversal of the route outwards after the show, and assistance in loading The Dragon, arriving home just after midnight. Distance travelled was 712 miles. The final vehicle travelled from Staffordshire direct to the show overnight, arriving Saturday morning and then to and from their accommodation on the Saturday, adjacent to Perth Aerodrome, for the club meal, before travelling back out to the venue on Sunday and setting off for home after the show on Sunday. Distance travelled was 640 miles. This makes a grand total of 1,875 miles, which based on the government rate of 45p per

mile to account for fuel, insurance, etc. represents an expenditure of £844. Second is accommodation. That adjacent to the aerodrome, Skylodge, was the best deal, costing £49 for the one night. The two rooms for two nights in the centre of Perth cost a total of £284. This makes the total for accommodation £333, bringing the running total up to £1,177. Finally it is subsistence. Some of this has been estimated as all the receipts will not have been retained, but nevertheless it is considered to be representative. I am going to exclude the drinking on Friday and Saturday nights, not because we cannot remember, but because golden hearted Vince of Models for Sale bought most of them. There were four rounds of hot drinks i.e. tea and coffee purchased each day during the show, which each came to around £9. Those in the city centre location had an in-house The 580 stand in breakfast all its glory (Geoff both Cooper-Smith) mornings

(some had the English, others the healthier option), which came to a total of around £50 for both mornings. Most us brought stuff up with us to nibble during the course of the day and so this will be ignored. Some of us had a hot meal in the city centre on Friday night, which probably came to no more than £50. In the tradition of Telford we all got together for a curry in the centre of Perth on the Saturday and to tell the truth we were a tad greedy having three courses. The cost including drinks was £136, which when you work it out ain’t that bad at around £27 per head! This makes subsistence a total of £308, and the grand total £1,485. It is also worthy of note that there was a sixth exhibitor, the prolific contributor Huw Morgan, who actually stocked and manned the 144 SIG stand and stayed with his niece, and therefore he has not been included in these totals. Furthermore, two of the crew were unable to attend due to personal circumstances. If they had done so the grand total would probably have climbed to around £2,000. And so in total 580 Modellers expended almost £1,500 to attend the Scottish Nationals and put on a display for two days. I understand the gripe some traders have regarding clubs having under table sales, and this has been covered in some detail in a previous Show Dragon column, but personally if a club like 580 Modellers is showing this degree of commitment I think they should be able to recoup something, however meagre, particularly if it keeps them coming.

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CO M I N G N E X T M O N T H

SCALE AIRCRAFT MODELLING

Next issue

VOLUME: 39 ISSUE: 06

Planned for the Scale Aircraft Modelling

August 2017 Proudly Celebrating 38 Years!

Volume 39 Issue 7: September 2017 The Flying Pencil

www.guidelinepublications.co.uk

Airfix’s Dornier in 1/72

Published by Guideline Publications & printed by Regal Litho Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154

By Karl Robinson

Distributed to the UK and International news trade by: Intermedia http://www.inter-media.co.uk/ via MarketForce (UK) Ltd. 110 Southwark Street, London SE1 0SU http://www.marketforce.co.uk/

Academy’s New Tool

Chairman: Regis Auckland Worldwide Advertising: Tom Foxon, [email protected]

A Call to Eagles By Rick Greenwood

Grumman F7f-3N Tigercat P-47 Walkaround By Steve Muth

Editor: Gary Hatcher, [email protected] Assistant Editor: Karl Robinson Associate Editor: Neil Robinson

Aircraft in Profile

Newsdesk: Colin 'Flying' Pickett

Z and 7Z

Book Reviews: Ernie Lee

Reserve Air Wing 91 at Squantum and South Weymouth

News & Industry Editor: Tom Foxon, [email protected] Design: Lincoln Rodrigues House Artist: Mark Rolfe, [email protected] North American Contact: Larry Weindorf Post Office Box 21, Annandale, VA 22003 ph: 703-639-7316, [email protected] SAM Subscriptions, SAM Shop & Back Issues: Unit 3, Enigma Building, Bilton Road, Denbigh East, Bletchley,Bucks. MK1 1HW Ph: +44 (0) 1908 274433 Fax: +44 (0) 1908 270614 ISDN: 01908 640154 12 Months' Subscription UK: £49.50, Europe: £64.00 Rest of the World: £85.00 Air Mail Only,

By Jim Burridge With colour artwork and scale drawings by Mark Rolfe

Wolesley Viper Eduard’s SE.5 in 1/48

USA / Canada Subscriptions: $127.00 Larry Weindorf 2 York Street , Gettysburg PA 17325 USA Ph: 703-639-7316 e-mail: [email protected]

By Dave Hooper

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Colour Conundrum

The Legal Bits: This Magazine is copyrighted material! Scale Aircraft Modelling (ISSN 0956-1420) is sold through the news distribution trade subject to the condition that no material written or pictorial is copied from editorial or advertising pages without the written consent of the publishers. Guideline Publications accepts no liability for the contents of advertisements or the conduct of advertisers. Opinions expressed by authors and reviewers are their own and may not reflect those of the publishers. Unsolicited material sent for publication is welcome on the understanding that it may not be returned unless postage is provided. .

Another Malta Story Part Two By Paul Lucas All this and more plus the latest from the Newsdesk, the continuing efforts of the Harrogate Model Club, and the usual Marketplace round up and showcases. Please note we receive a constant stream of interesting and informative articles, and in the interest of balanced and up to the minute coverage content may change at short notice. The above listing is provisional and may be subject to change.

84 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

Model Show Listing Compiled by Geoff Cooper-Smith of 580 Modellers For shows this coming month see the IPMS(UK) column. If you would like your show promoted in this listing then please contact Geoff at [email protected] or on 07841 417680. Sunday 23rd July 2017 IPMS Birmingham presents their Midland 2017 Last Hurrah Model Expo at Leasowes Sports Centre, Leasowes High School, Kent Road, Halesowen, B62 8PJ. Saturday 29th July 2017 Figureworld 2017 at Oundle School, New Street, Oundle, Northamptonshire, PE8 4EE. Saturday 29th July 2017 Carmarthen Modellers Club present the Carmarthen Modellers Exhibition at the Town Library, King Street, Carmarthen, SA31 1LN. Sunday 30th July 2017 IPMS South East Essex, IPMS Hornchurch, IPMS Chelmsford and MAFVA Essex Branch present the Essex Modellers Show at Hannakins Farm Community Centre, Rosebay Avenue, Billericay, Essex, CM12 0SY. Saturday 5th August 2017 IPMS Dundee presents the East of Scotland Model Show 2017 at the Marryat Hall, Caird Hall Complex, City Square, Dundee, DD1 3BY. Sunday 6th August 2017 Boscombe Down Aviation Collection Model Show at Hangar 1 South, Old Sarum Airfield, Old Sarum, Salisbury, Wiltshire, SP4 6DZ. Sunday 13th August 2017 IPMS Avon Plastic Model and Wargaming Show at Thornbury Leisure Centre, Alveston Hill, Thornbury, South Gloucestershire, BS35 3JB. Sunday 20th August 2017 IPMS Lancashire present their annual North West Kit Swap at the Canberra Club, Samlesbury Aerodrome, Balderstone, Lancashire, BB2 7LF. Saturday 26th August 2017 Scale Scotland at the Hilton Edinburgh Airport, Edinburgh, EH28 8LL. Saturday 2nd and Sunday 3rd September 2017 Medway Modelling Club presents their Annual Show at the Royal Engineers Museum, Prince Arthur Road, Gillingham, Kent, ME4 4UG. Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Bridlington and Wolds present the East Riding of Yorkshire Model Show, REX Pavilion, Driffield Showground, Driffield, East Yorkshire, YO25 9DN. Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Chiltern (incorporating Bedford MAFVA) show at The Weatherley Centre, Eagle Farm Road, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, SG18 8JH. **New Show** Sunday 3rd September 2017 IPMS Wombourne present Aero Space & Vehicle 2017 at The Community Centre, Church Road, Wombourne, South Staffordshire, WV5 9EZ. Saturday 9th September 2017 South West Cornwall IPMS present their Annual Show at Penhaligon Building, Cornwall College, Pool, Redruth, Cornwall, TR15 3RD. Saturday 10th September 2017 Sutton Coldfield Model Makers Society proudly presents the Sutton Coldfield Model Spectacular 2017 at Shire Oak Academy, St Marks Road, Walsall Wood, Walsall, WS8 7AQ. Saturday 16th September 2017 IPMS Farnborough presents their annual Modelfest at Kings International College, Watchetts Drive, Camberley, Surrey, GU15 2PQ.

NEW KITS Squadron Products SQM0001 1:72 Back in stock! HAUNEBU II BACK IN STOCK!! GERMAN FLYING SAUCER.

£79.99

Sword Aircraft kits (injection) SW72104 1:72 Fiat G.55 2 in 1 series. Model contains 2 complete kits with 2 tails versions. 7 camouflaged versions. SW72105 1:72 Lockheed RF-80A over Korea 6 camouflaged versions SW72106 1:72 Lockheed P-80A/B 5 camouflaged versions

£14.99 £13.99 £13.99

Trumpeter Aircraft kits (injection) TU01679 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound

£47.99

Techmod Aircraft kits (injection) TM41102 1:48 Friedrichshafen FF-33E float plane in Polish Service

£27.99

Trumpeter Aircraft kits (injection) TU01680 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM Foxhound TU03223 1:32 Mikoyan MIG-29A Fulcrum Valom Aircraft kits (injection) VAL72111 1:72 Heinkel He-119V-5 float plane

(Special Hobby and Tarangus kits) 1:48 Saab JA-37 Viggen canard correction (Tarangus kits). 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero " Tail Cone Set (Hasegawa kits) 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero " Wing Flaps Set (Hasegawa kits) 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero " Corrected Undercarriage Doors Set 1/32 (Hasegawa kits) 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero - Wing Fuel Tanks Set (Hasegawa) 1:72 AN/APS-4 Radar Pod (1 pc) (Academy, Airfix and Cyber Hobby) 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-3/SB2C-4 Helldiver - 1/72 Mainwheels 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-4 Helldiver - Control Surfaces Set (Academy kits) 1:32 Yakovlov Yak-3 " main undercarriage wheels and tailwheel (Special Hobby) 1:32 Mitsubishi A6M5c Zero " Mainwheels Set (Hasegawa) 1:48 de Havilland Sea Vixen FAW.2. Wheels Set (Airfix kits). 1:48 Junkers Ju-88A-4/Ju-88C-6 Late Main and Tail Wheels (Revell) 1:72 Brewster Buffalo - 1/72 Main Wheels Set 1:72 RAF Mechanic of India WWII + Elephant with Mahout (2 fig. + elephant).

Daco Products Aircraft conversions (resin) DCC4806 1:48 Back in stock! Klu Koninklijke Westland Lynx SH-14D resin update set (Airfix) £39.99 £125.99 £27.70

Welsh Models Aircraft kits (resin and vacform) WHMT49P 1:144 Douglas DC-8-72 - NASA Research USA vacform fuselage - resin wings, engines, tailgroup and metal landing gear £42.99 WHMT7213 1:72 Boeing 737-7ES Wedgetail RAAF new 100 sqd makings, including nose art, this also includes upgrades i.e. new CFM56 engines plants, antennas and the new undercarriage design. £119.80 Aircraft kits (resin) WHMT50R 1:144 Bristol 170 Freighter Mk.31M - Royal New Zealand AF £47.50 WHSL369R 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.31 Safe Air £47.50 WHSL377R 1:144 Handley-Page Herald 201 resin kit with metal undercarriage and propellers British Midlands Airways £47.50 WHSL378R 1:144 Handley-Page Herald 200 resin kit with metal undercarriage and propellers British United Airways £47.50 WHSL386R 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.32 Silver City/CIE Transport £47.50 WHSL387R 1:144 Bristol Freighter Mk.32 Channel Air Bridge Carriers £47.50 Wolfpack Aircraft kits (injection) WP10002 1:48 Northrop T-38A Talon 'NASA'

CMK4362 CMK5118 CMK5119 CMK5120 CMK5121 CMK7368 CMK7369 CMK7370 CMQ32281 CMQ32277 CMQ48278 CMQ48279 CMQ72260 CMF72327

£34.99

Eduard Aircraft detailing sets (etched) ED32406 1:32 Curtiss P-40N Warhawk upgrade set (Eduard and Hasegawa) ED32911 1:32 Sopwith F.1 Camel (Wingnut Wings) ED33170 1:32 Sopwith F.1 Camel seatbelts STEEL (Wingnut Wings) ED33171 1:32 Luftwaffe rudder pedals ED48927 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-28P "Firebar" exterior (Bobcat Models) ED49841 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-28P "Firebar" interior (Bobcat Models) ED49847 1:48 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite cargo interior (Kitty Hawk Model) ED73600 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-262A-1a Schwalbe (Airfix) EDFE841 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-28P "Firebar" seatbelts STEEL (Bobcat Models) EDFE842 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-28P "Firebar" (Bobcat Models) EDFE843 1:48 Royal_Aircraft_Factory S.E.5a seatbelts early STEEL (Eduard) EDFE844 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109F-4 Weekend (Eduard) EDFE845 1:48 Luftwaffe cowling fasteners EDFE846 1:48 Seatbelts Soviet Union WW2 fighters STEEL EDSS600 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-262A-1a Schwalbe (Airfix) EDSS601 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VIII Weekend (Eduard) EDSS602 1:72 Seatbelts Soviet Union WW2 fighters STEEL EDSS603 1:72 Luftwaffe cowling fasteners Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) EDCX486 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-262A-1a Schwalbe (Airfix) EDCX487 1:72 Avia Bk.534 (Eduard) EDEX556 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-28P "Firebar" (Bobcat Models) EDJX202 1:32 Sopwith F.1 Camel (Wingnut Wings)

£11.50 £11.50 £8.99 £8.99 £8.99 £8.99 £3.80 £3.80 £9.20 £4.70 £4.70 £5.60 £5.60 £3.40 £19.30 £32.99 £22.60 £12.99 £5.20 £5.20 £23.99 £21.30 £23.99 £17.60 £6.50 £14.99 £5.20 £12.99 £3.99 £5.20 £9.70 £9.70 £5.20 £3.99 £6.50 £7.20 £8.40 £7.20

NEW ACCESSORIES Aims Aircraft detailing sets (etched and resin) AIM32P001 1:32 Junkers Ju-88 additional fuel tank field conversion to the rear bomb bay as used on many Ju-88's (Monogram and Revell kits) Rustsatz B2 fuel bay Aircraft detailing sets (etched) AIMS32PE05 1:32 Junkers Ju-88A-1 tail wheel bay providing details (Revell) Aires Aircraft detailing sets (resin) AIRE4719 1:48 Polikarpov I-153 Chaika control surfaces (ICM) AIRE4720 1:48 Cessna A-37B Dragonfly cockpit set (Encore and Monogram) ARAW32009 1:32 Mikoyan MiG-21 Fishbed wheels w/ weighted tires, early MiG-21F, MiG-21F-13, MiG-21U Attack Squadron Aircraft detailing sets (resin) ASQ48064 1:48 Lockheed C-130 Hercules Flaps (Italeri) ASQ72131 1:72 Lockheed-Martin F-16 tailcone with drag chute for F-16C/D Block 52+, Polish Airforce and Greek Airforce (Hasegawa and Revell) ASQ72133 1:72 North-American P-51D Mustang 75 US Gal Fuel Tank Aircraft exhausts (resin) ASQ72127 1:72 McDonnell-Douglas AV-8B Harrier GR 5/7/9 engine nozzles (Hasegawa) Brengun Aircraft detailing sets (etched) BRL48080 1:48 Aero L-39ZO/ZA Albatros PE set (Special Hobby) BRL48081 1:48 Yokosuka MXY7 OHKA Model 22 (Brengun) BRL48082 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) flaps (Tamiya) BRL48083 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) (Tamiya) BRL72124 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-17F Kovozavody Prostejov and Kopro (ex KP) kits) BRL72126 1:72 North-American XB-70 Valkyrie etched detail set (AMT/Ertl and Italeri) Aircraft detailing sets (resin) BRL32023 1:32 Brewster F2A-1/F2A-2/F2F-3/B-239 Buffalo wing flaps (Special Hobby kits)[ BRL72127 1:72 Soviet rockets RS-82. Resin set of soviet RS82 airborne rockets Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) BRL72125 1:72 Yakovlev Yak-1 Canopy paint masks (Brengun) Diorama accessories (resin) BRS144032 1:144 Bachem Natter RAMP/TRAILER (Brengun) CMK/Czech Master Kits Aircraft detailing sets (resin) CMK4361 1:48 Saab AJ-37 / SF-37 / SH-37 Viggen canard correction

£29.99 £7.80 £6.80 £15.99 £14.40 £44.99 £5.50 £3.99 £5.99 £8.40 £6.40 £8.40 £9.99 £5.60 £19.70 £7.99 £6.80 £3.80 £12.99

Eduard Big-Ed Aircraft detailing sets (etched) EBIG3376 1:32 Hawker Tempest Mk.II (Special Hobby) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... · EDJX199 Tempest Mk.II · ED32402 Tempest Mk.II landing flaps · ED32905 Tempest Mk.II · ED32906 Tempest Mk.II seatbelts STEEL EBIG49174 1:48 Kawasaki Ki-61-Id Hien (Tony) (Tamiya kits) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... · EDEX548 Ki-61-Id · ED48920 Ki-61-Id landing flaps · ED49822 Ki-61-Id · ED49823 Ki-61-Id seatbelts STEEL EBIG49175 1:48 Sukhoi Su-34 Fullback (HobbyBoss) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... · EDEX550 Su-34 · ED48921 Su-34 exterior · ED49824 Su-34 interior · ED49825 Su-34 seatbelts STEEL EBIG49176 1:48 Piasecki H-21C Flying Banana (Italeri) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... · EDEX547 H-21C Shawnee · ED49819 H-21C cockpit seatbelts STEEL · ED49820 H-21C cargo interior seats STEEL · ED49821 H-21C EBIG72127 1:72 Dornier Do-17Z-2 (ICM kits) This Big-Ed set includes all these Eduard sets.... · EDCX477 Do 17Z-2 · ED72647 Do 17Z-2 bomb bay · ED72648 Do 17Z-2 landing flaps · ED73584 Do 17Z-2 · ED73585 Do 17Z-2 seatbelts STEEL Foxbot Decals Aircraft paint masks (self adhesive) FM48005 1:48 Digital Su-24M "White 20" (Use with Foxbot Decal) for Trumpeter kit FM48006 1:48 Digital Sukhoi Su-24M "White 41" (Use with Foxbot Decal) for Trumpeter kit FM72006 1:72 Digital Sukhoi Su-24M (Dragon, Trumpeter and Zvezda) FM72007 1:72 Digital Sukhoi Su-24M use with Authentic decals (Dragon, Trumpeter and Zvezda) Eduard Brassin Aircraft detailing sets (resin) ED632098 1:32 Mk.82 bomb w/ Mk.15 Snakeye Fins

L o o k f o r o u r n o r m a L a d v e r t p a g e 86 - 87

£43.30

£34.30

£32.30

£38.80

£45.30 £9.99 £9.99 £8.20 £8.20 £19.40

NEW DECALS Avalon AVD7005 AVD7006

KW72149 KW72150

1:72 RAF BE-2c (8x camo schemes for RFC a/c) 1:72 Handley-Page Hampden Mk.I (6x camouflage schemes for RAF a/c)

Begemot BT4804 1:48 Re-printed! Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker family Part 1. (22) Variety of camouflage schemes operated by Russia; Uzbekistan; India `Hunting Hawks' Team; China; etc.; Single and Two Seaters, Aerobatic Team etc. Inc large paint mask BT4837 1:48 Sukhoi Su-24M in Syria BT4839 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35S new generation of the "Flanker" BT7261 1:72 Sukhoi Su-24M in Syria Berna Decals BER011M 1:72 French roundels Armee de l'air 1943-82 diameter from 6 to 16 mm (6 of each) BER14423 1:144 Dassault Mirage 2000C 5eme Escadre: 5-OZ, 5-NV, 5-OX, 5-AQ, 5-NI & 5-NT all based at Orange Air Base in the years 2000 BER14424 1:144 Dassault Mirage 2000C RDM : 330-AS, 2-EF, 2-LH; 2000C RDI : 12-YG, 12-YN, 12-KP; 2000-5F : 2-FK (7 schemes) BER48059R 1:48 Mitsubishi A6M2 'Zero' Model 21: Sakai (V-103 & V-107) 1941-42, Arita (V-141) 1942 , Iwamoto 1943, Nouno (Hiryu B11-140) 1941, Nikado (Kaga A11-121) 1941 Boa Decals BOA144104 1:144 Embraer ERJ-190 Ukraine International. (Revell) BOA144105 1:144 Embraer ERJ-190 Bulgaria Air (Revell) Caracal Models CD32022 1:32 Lockheed F-104C in Vietnam Udorn AB & Puerto Rico ANG CD48098 1:48 USAF North-American T-6G Texan Markings for four post-war overall yellow. CD72024 1:72 Convair B-58 Hustler This very comprehensive 4-page decal sheet provides 19 marking options for the B-58 Hustler CD72054 1:72 Air National Guard North-American P-51D Mustang This sheet features markings for five postwarAir National Guard P-51D (F-51D) Mustangs. Kentucky, Texas, Wyomong, Pennsylvannia & Tennessee ANG CD72058 1:72 Boeing B-52H Stratofortress Full stencilling for one B-52H in the current standard scheme is included.

£8.99 £10.50

£9.50 £9.50 £16.50 £7.99

£9.40 £8.60 £8.60

£12.60

£5.99 £5.99

£13.99 £11.99 £14.99

£11.99 £17.99

DP Casper DPC48013 1:48 Pakistan Fighter 1990-2014 (10 x camo) DPC72028 1:72 Forgotton Operations - CONGO (1961-1963)

£17.99 £14.80

Foxbot Decals FBOT48028 1:48 Ukrainian Dragons: Sukhoi Su-24M for Trumpeter kit FBOT48029 1:48 Digital Sukhoi Su-24M for Trumpeter kit

£16.50 £16.50

Furball Aero-Design FBD32003 1:32 F-35 Anthology Options for sixteen aircraft. 14 x USAF, 1 x RNAF & 1 x JASDF FBD48059 1:48 Grumman F-14A Stencil and Data' set. This set includes one set of stencils for the Gull Gray over white scheme, as well as a set of stencils for the Tactical Paint Scheme. This set provides enough stencil and data to complete 2 models £9.99 FBD48060 1:48 'VF-111 Sundowners Anthology' decal options for 19 VF-111 Grumman F-14A Tomcats FBD48061 1:48 'VX-4 Black Bunny' features markings for 2 versions of VX-4's classic gloss black 'Vandy One' McDonnell F-4J Phantom 153783 . HAD Models HUN32055 1:32 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6/Bf-10G-14 (V3+72 ; W1+13) HUN32056 1:32 Junkers Ju-88A-4 in Finnish service HUN32057 1:32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190F-8 ( white 64 ""gi" ,white 65 "P"tt"m", W+526) HUN48155 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-110D-3/Bf-110E-2 "Africa" part 2 HUN72153 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-110D-3 "Africa" part 2 IsraDecal Studio IAF100 1:48 Israeli AF McDonnell F-15A/F-15B/F-15C/F-15D Baz 1/48 scale. 3 decal sheets in several sizes. 16 pages booklet plus 42 X 60 cm panel numbers and stencils map IAF99 1:32 Israeli AF McDonnell F-4E/RF-4 Phantoms 1/32 scale. 4 decal sheets in several sizes. 8 pages booklet plus panel numbers map Kits-World KW48157 1:48 Black Cat '30' VP-11, Riviere Sepik, Papua New Guinea 1943. Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina 'PistolPackin' Mama' VP-11 Black Cats. KW48158 1:48 Black Cat 'Frisco Gal' VP-11Riviere Sepik Papua New Guinea 1943. Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina 'Jumpie' Lt William Price VP-72 Funfuti July 1944. KW48159 1:48 Consolidated OA-10A Catalina 'Miss Pick Up' Originally 5th Emergency Rescue Sqn HalesworthSuffolk April 1945 (Also includes restored version currently flying). 'Wanderin' Witch'' Flt Lt Scholes 6 Sqn RNZF Halavo Bay Soloman Islands 1945 KW48165 1:48 Douglas A-20G Havoc, 6Q*R, 'Skonk Works', 410th BG, 9th AF, 1944. A-20G Havoc, 'H', 'LittleIsadore', 89th BS, 3rd BG AF, 1944. KW48166 1:48 Douglas A-20J, Havoc 43-10127, 60*B, 'Mama Lou' 410th BG, 647 BS. A-20G-25-DO, Havoc 43-9113 'F', 'Sweet Milk/BabyDoll II' 386th BS, 312th BG, Gusap Airfield, New Guinea. KW72147 1:72 Douglas A-20G Havoc, 6Q*R, 'Skonk Works', 410th BG, 9th AF, 1944. A-20G Havoc, 'H', 'LittleIsadore', 89th BS, 3rd BG AF, 1944. KW72148 1:72 Douglas A-20J, Havoc 43-10127, 60*B, 'Mama Lou' 410th BG, 647 BS. A-20G-25-DO, Havoc 43-9113 *F 'Sweet Milk/BabyDoll II' 386th BS, 312th BG, Gusap Airfield, New Guinea.

£19.99

£27.99 £19.99

£10.99 £10.99 £10.99 £10.99 £8.99

£20.99 £28.99

£10.20 £10.20

£10.20 £10.20

£10.20

KW72158

1:72 Black Cat '30' VP-11, Riviere Sepik, Papua New Guinea 1943. ConsolidatedPBY-5 Catalina 'PistolPackin' Mama' VP-11 Black Cats. £10.20 1:72 Black Cat 'Frisco Gal' VP-11 Riviere Sepik Papua New Guinea 1943. Consolidated PBY-5 Catalina 'Jumpie' Lt William Price VP-72 Funfuti July 1944. £10.20 1:72 OA-10A Catalina 'Miss Pick Up' Originally 5th Emergency Rescue Sqn Halesworth Suffolk April 1945 (Also includes restored version currently flying). 'Wanderin' Witch'' Flt Lt Scholes 6 Sqn RNZF Halavo Bay Soloman Islands 1945 £10.20

Matterhorn Circle MHN32014 1:32 Dassault Mirage IIIC, IIIS, IIIRS (with paint masks) MHN32015 1:32 Dassault Mirage IIIC, IIIS, IIIRS Stencils only with paint masks Microscale AC480061 1:48 North-American F-86E Sabre (2) 12897 FU-897 51st FIW Lt James Thompson 'The Huff'; 12910 16th FS, 51st FIW Col Joseph McConnell Jnr 'Beauteous Butch II/Betty' 16 Kills. Stencil Data included for both. AC720061 1:72 North-American F-86E Sabre (2) 12897FU-897 51st FIW Lt James Thompson 'The Huff'; 12910 16th FS, 51st FIW Col Joseph McConnell Jnr 'Beauteous Butch II/Betty' 16 Kills. Stencil Data included for both.

£23.99 £11.99

£8.50

£8.50

Milspec MPEC32012 1:32 Grumman F-14A Tomcat VF-51 Screaming Eagles F-14A, Bu.No. 160665 / NL101, USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) CVW-15, 1979 Includes Cam Pro Decals P32-007, F-14 Data Stencils MPEC32019 1:32 McDonnell F-4E Phantom 4th TFW 1984 Seymour Johnson AFB MPEC48012 1:48 Grumman F-14A Tomcat VF-51 Screaming Eagles F-14A, Bu.No 160665 / NL101, USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) CVW-15, 1979 Includes Cam Pro Decals 48-004, F-14 Data Stencils MPEC72012 1:72 Grumman F-14A Tomcat VF-51 Screaming Eagles F-14A, Bu.No 160665 / NL101, USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) CVW-15, 1979 Includes Cam Pro Decals 72-004, F-14 Data Stencils

£11.99

Print Scale PSL027 1:72 Camouflage for Aichi D3A1 Val to be used with PSL72180) PSL48124 1:48 Vought A-7E Corsair ll US Navy PSL48125 1:48 Hawker Tempest Mk.V Part-1 PSL48126 1:48 Hawker Tempest Mk.V Part-2 PSL48127 1:48 Vought A-7E Corsair ll US Navy Part-2 PSL48128 1:48 US Navy Vought A-7E Corsair ll Techical stencils PSL72268 1:72 General Dynamics F-111A Aardvark PSL72272 1:72 Grumman F-14D Tomcat part-1 PSL72273 1:72 Hawker Tempest Mk.V PSL72274 1:72 Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki Part-1 PSL72275 1:72 Grumman F-14A/F-14B Tomcat VF-211 and VF-103 x 2 PSL72276 1:72 Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki Part-2

£4.20 £14.60 £10.60 £10.60 £14.60 £7.99 £9.80 £11.40 £9.80 £9.80 £11.40 £9.80

£14.99 £11.99

£11.99

Rising Decals RD72075 1:72 Type 1 Rikko (Mitsubishi G4M1/2) Includes 16 camouflage schemes

£9.99

SBS Model SBSD4818D 1:48 Curtiss Hawk 75A in Finnish Service SBSD7218D 1:72 Curtiss Hawk 75A in Finnish Service

£9.99 £7.99

Techmod TM32067 1:32 German Balkenkreuze

£9.99

Two Bobs TB32067 1:32 Lockheed-Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 'Baby Got Fullback' Aggressors. The new Shark Aggressor scheme along with the 2nd splinter jet. TB48256 1:48 Lockheed-Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 'Baby Got Fullback' Aggressors. The new Shark Aggressor scheme along with the 2nd splinter jet. TB72104 1:72 Lockheed-Martin F-16C Fighting Falcon 'Baby Got Fullback' Aggressors. The new Shark Aggressor scheme along with the 2nd splinter jet. Twosix Silk STS44260 1:144 British Caledonian/Caledonian BUA Boeing 707-320C STS44263 1:144 British Caledonian late Boeing 707-320C STS44292 1:144 BMA British Midland McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15/32 STS44293 1:144 Britannia Airways 1970s Boeing 737-200 STS44294 1:144 Britannia Airways 1980s Boeing 737-200

£13.99 £13.99 £13.99

£10.80 £10.80 £10.80 £10.80 £10.80

Xtradecal X48181 1:48 Dornier Do-215B-1/ B-2/ B-4/ B-5 (6) Do-215B-2 G2+MH 1(F)/124 Ofw Erwin Bauerin April 1942; T5+PL 3(F)/Aufkl.Gr.Ob.d.I; Do-215B-2 1/1 F.7+09 Hungarian AF Seven League Boots Long Range Recce SqnRussia 1942; Do-215B-4 G2+BH 1(F)24 Norway 1940; All RLM70/71/65; Do-215B-5 G9+PM 4/NJG1 Helmut Lent Belgium 1941; Do-215B-5 R4+AP 6/NJG2 Leeuwarden 1941; Both overall black. £7.99 X72276 1:72 Dornier Do-24T (4) Luftwaffe J9+G Seenotstaffel 7 Mediterranean 1944; Spain 51-7 Red Cross RLM72/73/65; Sweden Yellow 90 former CM+RY defected from Seenotstaffel 81, natural metal overall; France Escadrille de Servitude 30 St Mandrier 1945 overall white; £7.99 X72277 1:72 Dornier Do-215B-1/Do-215B-2/Do-215B-4/Do-215B-5 (7) Do-215B-1 T5+AC Aufkl.Gr(F)Ob.d.1 Finland 1941 with civil codes on wing top D-ACAJ; Do-215B-2 G2+MH 1(F)/124 Ofw Erwin Bauerin April 1942; T5+PL 3(F)/Aufkl.Gr.Ob.d.I; B-2 1/1 F.7+09 Hungarian AF Seven League Boots Long Range Recce SqnRussia 1942; Do-215B-4 G2+BH 1(F)24 Norway 1940; All RLM70/71/65; Do-215B-5 G9+PM 4/NJG1 Helmut Lent Belgium 1941; Do-215B-5 R4+AP 6/NJG2 Leeuwarden 1941; Both overall black. £7.99

£10.20

£10.20

Zotz ZTZ32081 ZTZ32082

1:32 Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress At War part 1 1:32 Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress At War part 2

£34.99 £34.99

NEW KITS A & A Models Aircraft kits (injection) AAM4801 1:48 Yakovlev Yak-11 Military Trainer

£31.99

AVI Models Aircraft kits (injection) AVM72002 1:72 Mitsubishi A5M3a Claude "Prototype" AZ Model AZM7560 AZM7562 AZM7563 AZM7564 AZM7565 AZM7704

Bat Project Aircraft kits (injection) BAT72006 1:72 Siemens-Schuckert D.I early version BAT72007 1:72 Siemens-Schuckert D.I late version

£16.99 £16.99

Brengun Aircraft kits (injection) BRP144005 1:144 Heinkel He-162D Volksjaeger BRP48002 1:48 Yokosuka MXY7 OHKA Model 22 BRP72024 1:72 Letov S-16 Luftwaffe/Slovak AF

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Copper State Models Aircraft kits (injection) CSM1029 1:48 Armstrong-Whitworth F.K.8 Early production version

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Czech Master Resin Aircraft kits (resin) CMR72G5016 1:72 Minimoa with decals (gliders) 'die 100 Minimoa', *Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps(NSFK), Germany, June 1939 ; S-42 - Post-war 'British Air Force of Occupation' gliding club, 1945 ; 15-790 Contest number '52', D-STADT-NECKARGEMUND ; D-72192 - (Czecholsovak designation VT-2), c/n 305, *Ústrredni letecká skola CNA, 1945/46 £19.99

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Eduard Aircraft kits (injection) EDK11104 1:32 Curtiss P-40N Warhawk Limited Edition kit of P-40N Warhawk in 1/32 scale. - plastic parts: Hasegawa £106.80 EDK70105 1:72 Avia Bk-534 1/72 ProfiPACK edition of Avia Bk.534 in 1/72 scale. £16.20 EDK7442 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.VIII Weekend edition £10.99 EDK8162 1:48 Fokker Dr.I Triplane ProfiPACK edition kit of Fokker Dr.I in 1/48 scale. - plastic parts: Eduard No. of decal options: 5 - decals: Eduard - PE parts: yes, color - painting mask: yes - resin parts: no £25.99 EDK84146 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109F-4 Weekend edition kit of Bf 109F-4 in 1/48 scale. - plastic parts: Eduard - No. of decal options: 2 - decals: Eduard - PE parts: £19.40 no - painting mask: no - resin parts: no Encore Models Aircraft kits (injection) EC72105 1:72 North-American T-6 TEXAN / HARVARD Two finely molded plastic injection kits of this world-renowned trainer. Extensive decal sheet with the option of the following 10 versions; Swedish and Spanish Air Force, Israeli Defense Force (IDF), French Air Force, Dominican, Italian and German Air Force, South African Air Force Portuguese Air Force and Danish Air Force. £54.99 Frrom-Azur Aircraft kits (injection) FR034 1:72 Gamma 2E Bomber

AVI Models AVM72002 1:72 Mitsubishi A5M3a Claude "Prototype" £14.99

Copper State Models CSM1029 1:48 Armstrong-Whitworth F.K.8 Early £44.99

£37.99 £37.99 £37.99 £42.99 42.99

KPM7284

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Aircraft kits (injection) 1:72 Supermarine Spitfire T.9 £12.60 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-1106T "MARINE" £14.99 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109F-4 Hungarian AF £12.60 1:72 Dassault Super Mystere B2 with ATAR engine £14.99 1:72 Fairey Fulmar Mk.I with etched parts and resin wheels (Revell) £14.99 1:72 Re-release! Messerschmitt Bf-109G 3 kits only. No decals... £14.99

Dragon Aircraft kits (injection) DN5511 1:48 Horton Ho-229B Nightfighter/Nachtjager

KPM7277

GasPatch Models Aircraft kits (injection) GPM48001 1:48 Salmson 2A2 Late Type GPM48002 1:48 Salmson 2A2 Mid Type GPM48003 1:48 Salmson 2A2 Otsu-1 GPM48095 1:48 Henschel Hs-123A-1 GPM48096 1:48 Henschel Hs-123B-1 £

£26.99

Hasegawa Aircraft kits (injection) HA02220 1:72 Nakajima A6M2-N TYPE 2 (RUFE) "802nd Flying Group" (Two kits in the box) £39.99 HA02221 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-25PD Foxbat "World Foxbat" Algerian, Ukrainian & Soviet Air Force (ICM Kit) £46.99 HA02225 1:72 Lockheed P-38H/J Lightning "European Theatre" (Two kits in the box) £42.99 HA02226 1:72 McDonnell F-15J Eagle "306SQ 35th ANNIVERSARY" £42.99 HA02227 1:72 Heinkel He-111H-6 with Bv-246 Hagelkorn £54.99 HA02229 1:72 Brewster B-239 BUFFALO "Finnish Air Force Aces COMBO Part 2" (Two kits in the box) £39.99 HA02230 1:72 Kugisho P1Y1-S/P1Y2 Ginga (Frances) Type11 /TYPEype16 "Night Fighter" £44.99 HA02231 1:72 Bell-Boeing MV-22B Osprey Tanker £46.99 HA02232 1:72 SAAB AJ-37 Viggen Natural Metal 2016 £34.99 HA02234 1:72 1/72 Mitsubishi J2M3 RAIDEN (JACK) TYPE 21 "302nd Flying Group COMBO Part 2" (Two kits in the box) £39.99 HA02235 1:72 Lockheed UP-3C Orion "51st FS 2016" £79.99 HA07447 1:48 Messerschmitt Bf-109G-6/14 Hartmann with Figure £44.99 HA07448 1:48 Mitsubishi A6M5c/A6M7 Zero Fighter Type 52 Hei / TYPE 62 "FUYO Unit" £39.99 HA07450 1:48 McDonnell-Douglas F/A-18F Super Hornet "VX-23 Salty Dogs" £79.99 HA08247 1:32 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IIa "Douglas Bader" with Figure. £59.99 HACH44 1:48 McDonnell F-4J Phantom II 'VF-84 Jolly Roger' Super Detail £99.99 HAE45 1:72 Kawanishi H8K2 Type 2 Flying Boat New Tooling £119.99 HAST013 1:32 Douglas A-4E / A-4F Skyhawk 'Lady Jessie' £49.99 HAST021 1:32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-8 £59.99 HAST023 1:32 Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-5 £59.99

KPM7285

KPM7286

1:72 Avia BH-9 L-BONF pilot Dr Lhota long distance flight from Belgrade to Rome and L-BONG flown by Lt Jira long distance flight to Paris August 31st 1925 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fished J "Czechoslovak AF" (R.V. Aircraft kit with a new fuselage and injection parts that previously resin) 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fished J "Warsaw Pact" (R.V. Aircraft kit with a new fuselage and injection parts that previously resin) 1:72 Mikoyan MiG-21R Fished H "Recce" (R.V. Aircraft kit with a new fuselage and injection parts that previously resin)

£48.70 £31.99 £25.99

Modelsvit Aircraft kits (injection) MSVIT72038 1:72 I-320 R-3 Soviet experimental all-weather interceptor

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R.V.Aircraft Aircraft kits (injection) RVA72051 1:72 Dassault Mirage IIICJ Reconnaissance II

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Revell Aircraft kits (injection) RV3926 1:32 Focke Wulf Fw-190A-8 Nightfighter RV5778 1:28 125 Years Anniversary Roter Baron (The Red Baron) Gift Set

HobbyBoss Aircraft kits (injection) HB81714 1:48 Sukhoi SU-30MKK Flanker-G HB81737 1:48 BAe Hawk Mk.200/208/209 HB81754 1:48 Mikoyan MiG-31B/BM Foxhound HB81758 1:48 Sukhoi SU-17M4 Fitter-K HB85807 1:48 North American P-51D/K Mustang PLAAF

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RS Models RSMI92181 RSMI92195 RSMI92209

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Italeri Aircraft kits (injection) IT1401 1:72 BAe Harrier GR.3 Falklands. IT2772 1:48 Hawker Hunter F.6/FGA.9 (Aerobatic Teams) (ex-Academy)

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Kitty Hawk Model Aircraft kits (injection) KH80142 1:48 Sukhoi Su-35 Flanker-E KH80154 1:48 Bell UH-1D 'Huey'

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Kovozavody Prostejov Aircraft kits (injection) KPM7276 1:72 Avia B-9 "Military", Czechoslovak trainer of the 1920s

£11.60

GasPatch Models GPM48096 1:48 Henschel Hs123B-1 £42.99

Kitty Hawk Model KH80154 1:48 Bell UH-1D 'Huey' £37.99

MARK I Models MKM14469 1:144 de Havilland Vampire £14.99

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£14.99

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ICM Aircraft kits (injection) ICM48236 1:48 Junkers Ju-88A-4 Torp/A-17, WWII German Torpedo Plane.

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Micro-Mir Aircraft kits (injection) MM144-017 1:144 McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 with decals for Varig Brasil; TAM; World; MM32-001 1:32 Fokker E.V/D.VIII MM72-011 1:72 Miles M.57 Aerovan

RPM Aircraft kits (injection) RPM72012 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109E-3 (France 1940) RPM72014 1:72 Messerschmitt Bf-109E-3 (Battle Of Britain)

£139.99

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MARK I Models Aircraft kits (injection) MKM14468 1:144 de Havilland Vampire FB.5/FB.52 " Commonwealth Service" (2 kits in 1 box) (RAF, RAuxAF, RCAF, SAAF) MKM14469 1:144 de Havilland Vampire FB.5/FB.51/FB.52A/ Mk.6 "In Europe & North Africa" (2 kits in 1 box) (RAF, French Navy, Italian AF, Swiss AF) MKM14470 1:144 de Havilland Vampire FB.5/FB.52/J 28B "In the North" (2 kits in 1 box) (RAuxAF, Swedish AF, Finnish AF, Norwegian AF)

Heller Aircraft kits (injection) HE80260 1:72 Saab J29 Tunnan HE80312 1:72 Marcel-Bloch MB.174A3

HPH Models Aircraft kits (resin) HPH32042R 1:32 Aviatik-Berg D.I

£11.60

Aircraft kits (injection) 1:72 Bell Airacobra Mk.I 1:72 Morane-Saulnier MS.410 1:72 Messerschmitt Me-509 "Nachtjäger"

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RVHP Models Aircraft kits (resin) RVH72100 1:72 North-American T-39D Sabreliner (USNTPS)

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SBS Model Aircraft kits (resin) SBSK7015 1:72 Macchi MC.72 'World Speed Record'

£36.40

Special Hobby Aircraft kits (injection) SH32011 1:32 Yakovlev Yak-3 'Onwards to Berlin' SH32070 1:32 Hawker Tempest Mk.V "Hi-Tech 2" Includes a partial resin replica of the Tempest power unit, the Napier Sabre SH48180 1:48 Brewster model 239 Buffalo "Taivaan Helmi over Finland" (ex Classic Airframe) SH72122 1:72 Lloyd C.V Series 46 Category C aircraft SH72128 1:72 Buffalo model 339-23 " In RAAF and USAAF colours" (ex-Sword). SH72330 1:72 Letov S.328V "Float plane Version" SH72350 1:72 Curtiss SB2C-5 Helldiver "The Final Version" SH72361 1:72 Gloster Meteor F.4 "World Speed Record" SH72368 1:72 Fairey Fulmar Mk.II/NF Mk.II

Special Hobby SH72368 Micro-Mir 1:72 Fairey Fulmar Mk.II/NF Mk.II £14.99

Techmod TM41102 1:48 Friedrichshafen FF-33E £27.99

£35.99

£76.99 £23.70 £16.99 £15.80 £16.40 £26.70 £16.99 £14.99

Valom VAL72111 1:72 Heinkel He-119V-5 float plane £27.70

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

Kit No: 04619 Scale: 1/72

Part Two MD067 Tornado – The Way Fins Were Modelling the early GR.1 By Gary Hatcher With thanks to Des Brennan for doing all the hard work…

M

y interest in the Tornado as a modelling subject in 1/72 goes right back to my rekindled interest in the hobby in the early 1990s when Modeldecal had only just stopped producing, Revell’s kits were some years away, and the Tornado itself was still relatively young. I recall seeing the first Airfix boxing of the MRCA coming out just before my teenage years eclipsed all common sense for a while, thereafter the type grew and developed without me until that rekindled interest brought it to my attention again. Back into modelling after the best part of twenty years I fell quickly under the spell of the Modeldecal range. Nothing else was available that presented the subject in such depth at the time and naturally the Tornado featured prominently among the sheets I was beginning to collect. It wasn’t long before I decided that the type needed to figure prominently in the RAF collection I was building. Taking a break from Italeri BAe Hawks (of which I was once pleased to display nine at a meeting of the York & District Model Club) I cast about for kits of the Tornado in all its guises. Actually it wasn’t as easy as you might suppose. My first three builds were all F.3s as I happened upon the Italeri kit and developed a taste for it. This built up nicely, apart from the inevitable issues with fit caused by a horizontal fuselage joint. I also built the Airfix F.3 as a 5 Squadron machine and was pleased with the result as the

outline was very convincing, although the raised panel lines were a bit of a disincentive. Turning to the GR.1 I was passed on an unboxed kit by a friend at the York club. This had come free with a magazine, one sprue at a time, and I believe it may have been an Esci kit, also boxed by Italeri. I remember starting it as a Desert Storm project, as the diminutive decal sheet offered a single Gulf War aircraft, but it fell by the wayside though I can’t now remember why. After this I built an Airfix GR.1. finishing it as a TTTE machine from Modeldecal sheet 64 although I must have paid little attention to the instructions as I fitted it out with fuel tanks and bombs and pretty much everything else it could carry. TTTE aircraft, I understand, were not even equipped with pylons. I also overlooked the fact that the example on the Modeldecal sheet is a dual control machine so would have required some modifications to the rear cockpit, but I was young and innocent then and had not yet come across Internet forums... The Airfix kit went together well enough, but the tooling was dated and the panel lines raised and it didn’t really compare to the Italeri F.3s. I had heard good things about the Hasegawa kit but both price and availability put this way out of my reach, and in fact to this day I have yet to encounter Hasegawa’s tooling in any form. My decals collection grew, with more Xtradecals released and more options to choose from, but no

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quick build solution. Then in 1998 Revell released the first of their new toolings. Despite the fact that it was a German aircraft and had a vastly different equipment fit to the RAF machines I wanted to model, I bought one immediately and started it but it was still half built pending the acquisition of some spare weapons and pods when I underwent a radical change of modelling direction and the whole RAF collection was sold off bit by bit at shows around the north of England. Thereafter my interest in the Tornado dwindled until 2006, by which time I was masquerading as an editor on another magazine. Revell’s new tool kit in 1/144 came in for review and was so impressive that it set me building in that scale for several years until I eventually succumbed to the lure of the Luftwaffe in 1/48. I built around a dozen of these, and bought every other 1/144 Tornado I could lay my hands on, eventually establishing that Dragon's kits were disappointing, but useful for weapons and decals, while other available toolings lacked a useable canopy, including the older Revell kit, which occasionally shared a shelf with the newer tooling and would have been better consigned to the attic. The one thing all these kits had in common was a great big hole behind the wing. This is a matter about which I have foamed and ranted in the past, and I have no intention of denying myself the pleasure here. Why have manufacturers always taken this path? How many modellers with

Type: Injection Moulded Plastic Manufacturer: Revell GmbH www.revell.de/en

Modeldecal set 67 offers SHARs, Pumas and early Tornado GR.1s

The first GR.1 I completed was the 1994 Airfix boxing, which was pretty much the 1975 tooling of the MRCA with new decals. Understandably dated by comparison with the Revell kit, this issue included decals for the TWCU and a Luftwaffe WAKO machine. The Storm Shadow pod lacks the bulges but the kit does include tanks with four fins. The outline is nice when built up but such raised detail as there is will be compromised by the amount of work needed to sand and fill the horizontally split fuselage seam. Crew figures are included but the cockpit is otherwise fairly sparse. By this time the kit had acquired a LRMTS as a solid plastic part on which the transparency will need to be painted. Wheel wells are devoid of any detail and the nose wheel well is only a couple of millimetres deep. One for the collectors to be honest

AUGUST 2017 • VOLUME 39 • ISSUE 06

1

SAM SUBS SEC TION

The Multi Role Combat Aircraft kit was first released in 1975, predating the name Tornado, and was warmly received. The kit makes interesting viewing with hindsight, and the box art is splendid. Weapons include bombs, four Martel anti radiation missiles and two Sparrow BVR AAMs but no Sky Shadow or other ECM pods. This interesting array reflects the multi role nature of the machine. The dedicated ADF variant was not then on the cards, or if it was then no one was telling Airfix. A classic in its day, catalogue number 04019 has now been allocated to the newly tooled Beaufighter in the current Airfix range

Hasegawa’s kit was released around 1989 and I can honestly say I have never ever seen one. Had they been readily available in the mid nineties I would no doubt have leaped at the chance of building one, as they seem to have been about the best on the market prior to the Revell release. The kit features a separate forward fuselage, which is a major plus, and weapons include JP233s as well as two Sky Shadow pods, with bulges. Fuel tanks are the 1,500 litre variety. Wheel well detail is a little sparse but a world ahead of anything else available at the time although the pitot is moulded onto one fuselage half and is unlikely to stand up to the rigours of the work bench. The kit also includes an IFR probe in the stowed position. Hasegawa have released umpteen versions of this kit, although to what extent these are identical apart from the decal sheets is unclear. What they have done is released it as an F.3, which warrants some serious consideration since Revell are still showing no signs of doing the same

sufficient skills to build a kit as complex as the Tornado are going to want to waggle the wings backwards and forwards? The swivelling pylons that inevitably accompany the swinging wings are a compromise too, and I have wasted many hours over the years scratch building alternatives to having a gaping hole at the wing root. The solution, in the end, has been easy. Air-Graphics’ new resin set is a perfect replacement for plastic parts that should have been provided in the kit as an option, and it may well be the case that now the issue has finally been addressed by the aftermarket I can move forward and build up the collection of GR.1s I had originally intended. Unfortunately they arrived too late for this particular project, and are the main reason why it is unlikely to last much longer than the time it takes me to photograph it for this article before being passed on to Hugo for his growing collection...

Modeldecal Set 67 To the matter in hand then. Deciding to build a Tornado GR.1 from the Revell kit, reissued in 2000 as a RAF machine with that crucial extra sprue of weapons, I opened up a whole new can of worms. There were plenty of options to choose from among my decals collection, but a decision was soon made for me by one aspect of the kit itself, the LRMTS is poorly tooled. I had originally planned to start a collection based on RAF Germany, a subject that has always fascinated me, and had intended to look around for some JP233 munitions dispensers to arm it, but upon trying to fit the parts provided to the kit I was disappointed. Revell provide a solid plastic part for the body of the LRMTS with a clear part for the lens. This may once have been a good fit but in the kit I acquired it was little more than a blob with no definite fit, and in fact I was not even sure which way round to place it. This was discovered early enough in the build to avoid too big a trauma, but it did oblige me to think again about decals and weapons fit, as there are not nearly so many options for an aircraft prior to the introduction of LRMTS as you might suppose. One such appears on Modeldecal sheet 67. Modeldecal 67 is a real winner. Not only are there two early Tornado GR.1s, both allowing a pre LRMTS build, but also a number of post Falklands Sea Harriers and a couple of Pumas, one of those Holy Grails of under kitted models that you know will be newly tooled just after you have bust a gut to make a nice job of the old Airfix kit,

2 W W W. S C A L E A I R C R A F T M O D E L L I N G . CO. U K

assuming someone currently manufactures the dust filters. The Tornadoes covered are ZA590 from 9 Squadron and ZA562 from the Tornado Weapons Conversion Unit, both at Honnington in June 1982, right at the start of Tornado operations with the RAF. A brief comparison of the kit with the Modeldecal instructions sheet was enough to tell me that the project was not going to be as straightforward as I had thought. There were differences, and to paraphrase the words of one former world leader, ‘I did not know what I did not know...’

Revell’s Kit My usual recourse when confronted with an anomaly is to ask one of my contributors. In this case I dashed off an email to Mr. Des Brennan, who has been photographing RAF operations for decades. Des very obligingly listed all the pitfalls awaiting, and I will incorporate them into the description of the build as I go along, and summarise them at the end. They are chiefly matters of weapons fit and markings, but suffice it to say Revell’s kit, dating from 2000, while superficially the same does require some minor changes to reflect a very early GR.1. It’s a lovely tooling though, and always has been. Nicely engraved panel lines and the front end is moulded separately, which avoids those dreadful horizontal seams that oblige you to remove all the moulded detail while cleaning them up. This also of course theoretically allows them to kit a 1/72 F.3, although there is no indication that such has ever been their intention. Hopefully if the 1/48 F.3 sells well they will realise the potential? All the RAF stores are provided on one separate sprue, and the modeller is provided with Sky Shadow, BOZ, a choice of two different sized fuel tanks, ALARM missiles, LGBs, Sidewinder and 1,000lb dumb bombs. All of these are provided with full stencilling and markings and I have to say the decal sheet is very impressive, although most of it would not be appropriate for this build. Predictably the wings are designed to swing, with the inserts making a half-hearted attempt to deal with the fact. They are designed in such a way that with the wings swept back the holes will be sealed, but unfortunately this does not allow for the fact that (in this modeller’s opinion) Tornadoes on the ground with swept wings look uncomfortable. The matter had to be addressed...

Construction Sequence As covered in brief in a previous

issue, I tackled the wing box first, using a method involving pressing the sawn off wings into Milliput. I shan’t repeat it all here as the process has now become redundant, at least in 1/72.This did allow me to paint and decal the wings separately and made masking and painting easier in the long run. Essentially the method would work in any scale and simply involves cutting the wings off where they pivot inside the fuselage so they can be slotted into place after the fuselage is closed. I assembled the wings at this point, although as I had no wish to leave the pylons free to rotate I left them off for the time being. The kit provides washers to trap them in between the wing halves leaving them free to pivot, but painting and decalling is far easier if they are separate. The wing tip lights are provided as separate transparencies, which will never fit adequately so I filled and sanded them into the tips intending to paint them on at a later stage. I also left off the tailplanes to paint separately, using a brass rod as a spar through the rear fuselage to locate them at the end of the build. These matters dealt with I was able to turn my attention to the cockpit. Revell provide an excellent set of parts, but I am addicted to Eduard’s colour etch. Sadly they do not market a colour fret for the Revell kit so I was obliged to adapt one designed for the Hasegawa. This didn’t need too much modification and besides the excellent consoles and main panels provides a set of seatbelts and a HUD, which is a big and noticeable improvement over the transparent part provided with the kit. This all done I was able to assemble the nose end with the cockpit tub and nose wheel bay in place and cement them together. The nose cone was filled with lead and glued in place but the pitot left off until the end of the build. It’s a good enough fit that it can be painted separately and added on right at the very end, which is just as well as there was some roughish handling to come. With the nose end assembled I was able to put the main airframe together. This by now comprised four sub assemblies, nose, rear fuselage, tail and exhausts. The latter was again omitted to paint and decorate separately as it is a simple enough drop in fit at the end of the build. The rest were comprehensively cemented together with Revell’s Contacta and the intakes added. These were a little tricky to fit as the locating points for the ramps inside are a little vague, but without too much filling and sanding I got it all settled down into place leaving almost no seams to clean up bar the rear

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SAM SUBS SEC TION fuselage, shoulders and the underside of the forward fuselage. The air brakes come as separate parts and can be posed open. Deciding this was an aberration I glued them firmly closed and was pleased to find that they are an acceptable fit. Next up then was the canopy. This matter I always approach with caution and was pleased to note the fit of the windscreen near perfect. The rear end left some fairly prominent grooves around the joint with the spine. Not a bad fit, but the seam should be barely visible so I filled the whole thing, sanded it back and rescribed it lightly. I would have preferred a one piece canopy as there is inevitably a slight step where the windscreen meets with the rear section, but it is not so bad on this kit. Next time I may try cementing the transparencies together first to ensure a closer fit on an area less easy to rectify. At this point decisions needed to be made about the equipment fit. As mentioned I tried to fit the LRMTS but found the parts lacked definition. Des Brennan has kindly provided me with a spare Hasegawa part, which is a single complete transparency, requiring just masking round the leading end, so I am sorted for my next build, but aftermarket manufacturers take note - this is a matter that warrants addressing. The other matter that cropped up at this point was the IFR probe. Revell supply parts to model it either extended or stowed but of course you can simply leave it off, which in the case of the 1982 machine I was modelling was the only option. With the airframe assembled, omitting only undercarriage weapons and various small easily broken protuberances, I was able to proceed to the painting stage.

Painting and Markings The basic wraparound camouflage scheme has not changed over the decades, at least not according to Revell, whose instruction sheet corresponds almost exactly to the plan view on the Modeldecal sheet instructions. I had primed everything in readiness with Halfords grey primer and painted the nose cone and anti glare panel black and these were masked up, along with the wing roots, which remain in a lighter shade of grey. This was close enough to the Primer shade not to need further attention. Ordinarily I prefer Lifecolor paints but as yet they do not offer a range of accurate RAF colours so I used Mr Hobby paints instead, spraying on an all over coat of H331 Dark Sea Grey. The wraparound camo

pattern was masked up using BluTack and masking tape for that essential soft edge after which H330 Dark Green was employed to good effect. Leaving off the wings and tailplanes made this task considerably easier. The RAF tactical wrap is a real stinker of a masking job and it is essential to concentrate in order to get it right or you will end up tying yourself in Blu-Tack knots. Removing the masking revealed a successful paint job, for which the Lord be thanked, after which it was time to start considering the decals. Modeldecal set 67 is fairly long in the tooth by now, and while most of the images are fine, and the decals themselves perform well, some of the stencilling lacks the finesse of modern printing methods so I was anxious to use as many of the Revell stencils as I could get away with. There are a number of generic red warning markings that seemed identical, and the angle of incidence markings for the tailplanes were a match, but Revell’s more modern kit has bilingual stencilling in a lot of cases, which was inappropriate for a pre RAF Germany aircraft. The 9 Squadron markings and such of the stencilling I could not avoid came from the Modeldecal sheet. I used Revell’s national markings, which were brighter and better printed, but do bear in mind the extensive wing walk and no step lines are also not relevant to the earlier aircraft. The 1982 machine received the Hi-Vis white wing walk stripes from the Modeldecal sheet and as far as I can determine there are no markings on the upper fuselage except for a few No Step stencils. The serial number was also present on the underside of the tailplanes at this point, but Modeldecal set 67 provides these. One task I undertook while decalling was the canopy seal. Eduard provide masks to help you paint it, but the white bead of sealant on the real aircraft is barely discernible in photographs, and I didn’t trust myself to mask up and spray an even line of approximately a hair’s thickness. I trimmed sections of spare Red Arrows Hawk decal to replicate it, and though I cut it as thin as I could using a brand new scalpel blade it is still too thick. Still, it looks better on than off, and I can live with it as it is. Decals were supplemented by a couple of items from an Xtradecal sheet, which supplied the strengthening bands around the rudder and the plates at the base of the tail. Everything settled down nicely and tidily and I was agreeably surprised at just how well the older sheet performed. I toned the glossed surface down

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with a semi matt varnish and turned to the next contentious issue of underwing stores.

Filling the Pylons Firstly I must point out that the only reason I load up every pylon on my RAF models is because they lack detail on the bottom, and unless they are loaded this huge blank oversight is painfully apparent. Observations of peacetime operations suggest aircraft rarely fly with a full load, and in the case of the early aircraft I have found very few images to work from. The first thing to be borne in mind is that the centreline fuselage pylon was not introduced until much later, so this can be omitted. Secondly, the port and starboard fuselage pylons on RAF machines differ from German equipment, having bulges attached around the loading points that I understand have some link to the release mechanism. Fortunately these are provided in the Revell GR.1 kit so they were duly added. All weapons pylons on the GR.1 are painted Dark Green overall, so do not need to conform to your camouflage pattern. They were painted and decalled using the Modeldecal items and I turned to the weapons selection to fill them. For the belly pylons I decided to use the four 1,000lb bombs provided with the kit. These were painted with blue forward sections as practice bombs and fitted nicely onto the pylons, although there is a wide featureless space between them, which I will make sure is well hidden beneath the JP233s on my next build. The inner pylons received the fuel tanks, for which the kit provides two options, either 1,500 litre or 2,250 litre Hindenburger tanks. I used the smaller ones, as appropriate for the aircraft I was modelling, but do note that at this stage in the aircraft’s career they had the upper tail fins in place, and these are not provided in the kit for the 1,500 litre tanks. I scratch built them easily enough. The kit decal sheet includes the red stripes and other stencilling for the tanks so this presented no problem. Early aircraft did not carry sidewinder rails on the inner pylons either, so I was able to omit these with a clear conscience and spare myself the tedious task of painting and decalling the Sidewinders themselves.

The Esci/Italeri kit has been around the houses. Dating from 1977 the tooling is pretty good for its age and has come to light in a number of guises having been reboxed by Revell, Testors and even Tamiya. Horizontally split again, the original tooling, like Airfix’s kit, is based on the prototype, although this did not change significantly so the tooling has passed muster over the years. I am pretty certain this was the tooling I part built after having been passed the sprues by a colleague at York & District Model Club. I am not sure why I never finished it as looking at reviews now it seems a lot less work than the Airfix kit

One item that might come in handy if you can find it (I can’t) is Xtradecal 72006, which is a set of stencilling for RAF Tornadoes, and includes markings for both RAF and RAF Germany GR.1s. Not in the current Hannants catalogue it’s one to look out for

The 1983 packaging for the Airfix GR.1 is depicted carrying a white Sky Shadow on the port outer pylon. What’s that on the starboard?

This left the outer pylons, which I intended to fill as again they lack any detail on their undersides. The usual fit we expect on a Tornado in RAF service is Sky Shadow on the port outer station and BOZ 101 on the starboard, but BOZ 101 was not introduced until later so would not be appropriate on this build. It was

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SAM SUBS SEC TION common practice, it seems, to arm this station with an inert Sky Shadow pod as only the port side was wired to operate this item,so it seemed by best, and possibly only option was to borrow a Sky Shadow from another kit and use this. Des tells me the active pods had white bands fore and aft and the inert ones blue, to indicate a piece of training equipment. At time of writing I have so far failed to source the thin blue bands required, or an adequate picture depicting them so the starboard Sky Shadow is just tacked in place and undecalled.

Eduard’s etched set for the Hasegawa kit looks good to my eyes through the Revell canopy. Open cockpits are never an option in my book, but I do like to see the detail obscured by the canopy’s curvature and always try to make an effort in this area. Twenty years ago I think I just painted it grey with black and green seats...

Revell’s kit includes a very passable Sky Shadow, complete with the bulges and intake necessary. I believe the pods without bulges were only used on test and prototype aircraft. Modeldecal 67 describes early pods as being white, and while images confirm this on TWCU aircraft I understand they were not seen in squadron use. I also noted some anomalies between the kit decals for the Sky Shadow and images of early 9 Squadron machines carrying them as the black tips to the pod and the bulges seem to be absent in photographs of the early machines. I wish I had noticed this before I masked them up and painted them. The undercarriage was fitted before the weapons load. An initial glance at the parts in the box is daunting, and suggests a somewhat complicated and fragile arrangement but this is entirely not the case. Once assembled the gear legs were sturdy and fitted easily into the slots in the wheel wells. I mounted the wheels on cocktail sticks and sprayed them with Halfords White Primer before painting the tyres by hand with

Lifecolor’s Tyre Black, from the inevitable Shades of Black set. A citadel wash over the whole wheel brought out the hub detail and darkened the tires themselves leaving a pleasing effect. With this all done there remained a number of chores still outstanding such as the landing lights on the undercarriage doors, cannon muzzles in the ports on the nose, the pitot, and any amount of small blade aerials. The configuration I ended up with for these is simply based on pictures I found of the aircraft. I discarded the somewhat chunky kit parts and replaced most of the aerials with thin painted plastic card. With this all done the model was as finished as it was ever going to be.

walk lines were applied to the wings only and the serial was presented on the underside of the tailplanes. There. We could have saved ourselves a few thousand words if that had been at the start of the piece...

Conclusions

As the point of this article is to try and collate information to model an early GR.1 round about the time of its introduction to squadron service, perhaps it would be appropriate to distil the notes I received from Des Brennan into a brief paragraph.

In conclusion then I’d have to say this project has been a learning experience as it is the first time I have actually built the Revell kit, which you may assume to mean I’ll make a much better job of the second one. I have already started work on its successor, which will be an RAF Germany machine from the mid eighties, around the time crews could reasonably expect to find themselves flying low level strike missions over the DDR in the event of things turning nasty. AirGraphics’ wing gloves are already in place on this next project, and I have their JP233 pods to arm it with and a whole file full of Modeldecals to choose the markings from.

To recap then, the aircraft can be modelled without LRMTS, IFR probe and centre belly pylon. Wing tip lights had coloured perspex covers of the type modellers used to whittle out of old tooth brush handles before someone hit on the idea of simply painting them silver with a coat of clear red and green over the top. The stores fit predates LGBs, and BOZ was not carried. Fuel tanks were of the 1,500 litre type with four fins, and sidewinder rails were not fitted to the inner pylons. Markings were all in English without the bilingual English/German that became commonplace, Hi-Vis white wing

Thanks to Gary Madgewick at Air-Graphics for putting the Tornado well and truly back on the to do list for me, and once again to Des Brennan for all his help identifying the small but crucial differences that mark an early Tornado at the start of its career. No Tornado build is ever going to be a weekend project. There is simply too much going on, too many things to arm it with and far too many decals to put on them, but if you are approaching the subject in 1/72 then Revell’s kit, in my personal opinion, is the one to go for.

Summary

My starboard wing glove, now eclipsed by the new resin parts that will henceforth be standard fit on any 1/72 Tornado I build

The grey lines on the rudder are from an Xtradecal sheet and save some tedious masking

My port side wing glove attempt...

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

By Walter Schlueter

E

ver get that feeling of déjà vu but bigger? That is what happened at this year’s IPMS USA Northern Virginia Model Classic. For a one day show, we set new records. Our show had 622 entrants and over 800 people attended. The halls with vendors were so packed that it was sometimes hard to move around. Our sponsor, the Fairfax High School Choral Boosters, provided lunch, snacks and even a mobile unit that helped to take care of more than forty vendors who were

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displaying their products at over 150 vendor tables. This year’s theme was the seventieth anniversary of the US Air Force. The labours of love that went into all the models and the quantity of models competing spoke volumes about how active our hobby really is. To get the full flavour of the show, go to www.novaipms.org. Plans are already in action for the 2018 show, entitled 1968 Year of Turmoil & Promise. Hope to see you there.

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

Pfalz A.I Parasol in 1/72 By Sergio Bellomo

Y

es, I must admit that I really like planes with wire rigging! After assembling a pair of P-26s and several biplanes, and going crazy fitting the rigging, I made a firm decision not to build any more models requiring this kind of work... after which I fitted out two Fokker Eindeckers and a Pfalz E.IV.

Now, I told myself, if I never see a plane with wire rigging again it will be too soon, but it seemed to me that the series of monoplanes of World War I was incomplete without a Parasol and a Fokker E.IV, so I decided I had to build a Parasol. As I did not have a kit available, at first I thought about using the fuselage of a modified Fokker E.III, to which I would add struts and a wing made with Plasticard, but after a couple of failed attempts, the project was abandoned. It was then that I found a photo of the Pfalz A.I, a Morane Saulnier Type L made under license in Germany, in a colourful marking scheme and this was the main reason I returned to revisit Project Parasol. The aircraft in question belonged to F.Fl.Abt. 9b of the German Imperial Army, based at Toblach aerodrome on the Alpine Front in 1915, and crewed by Ltn. Ferdinand Martz and Ltn. Wissel. The machine was decorated with red and white stripes on the near white linen covering, with the engine cowl

and front of the fuselage in black. This time I decided to start with the fuselage, carefully trimming the frames and the four sides from a sheet of 3mm plastic. I detailed the interior with some instruments, throttle, control stick and cables before closing everything. The result left me quite satisfied, so I continued with the landing gear and wing struts, taking special care with symmetry and alignment. At this point I must note that there were two different landing gear configurations. In the first, the front struts were attached to the first frame of the fuselage, while in the second, they joined the second frame, just in front of the pilot's seat. In the case of this particular plane, I used the first design. For the wing I chose to cut two equal sized pieces with the corresponding shape, and glued them together

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to give some

rigidity, then simulated the ribs with stretched sprue. I painted the fuselage and the wing separately, starting with a base in light brown marking especially the frames and the ribs. Since the Pfalz factory used an almost white coloured linen cloth for its aircraft, I applied a coat of Tamiya XF-2 , trying to differentiate the unpainted linen areas from the white painted areas. Then I masked very carefully and painted the characteristic black lines of the Pfalz aircraft, and then the red stripes with Humbrol 153 Insignia Red, trying not to cover too much. For the crosses I used the closest I could find in my spares box to those visible in pictures of the real aircraft. To make the engine cowl I cut a piece of plastic sheet to the shape of the front, and around it added a double thickness of aluminium plate cut out of a can of soda, completing the work with a bit of putty, much sanding and a little matt black paint. When I added the wing, to my surprise I found it was perfectly aligned. Then with a lot of stretched sprue, a lot of cyanoacrylate and a great deal of patience, I set about sticking and tightening the twenty four wires that connect the fuselage and the undercarriage with the wing. Finally Project Parasol was finished and I am very pleased with the result of my first scratch build plane. Now, never again a plane with wire rigging, well at least for a couple of days... although I am seeing a Fokker E.IV on the horizon.

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

The completed fuselage box

3mm Plasticard was used to form the basic box of the fuselage, onto which internal detailing has been added

Stretched sprue was used to simulate the ribs

Finished fuselage painted and subtly weathered. It is noted that Signor Bellomo’s workbench is as well used and unkempt as the Editor’s. We applaud the usage

Further advances made with the undercarriage struts and the parasol arm

Two identical wings were cut and laminated before being sanded to shape

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Just need to do the rigging now

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SAM SUBS SEC TION

A Malta Story Addendum

I

f you are interested in the colour schemes of Malta's Spitfires during 1942, which is the subject of this month's Colour Conundrum, entitled A Malta Story Continued and you have not already read it, please go and do so now and then come back. If you are not interested in this subject, then the following will be of no interest either, so goodbye, thanks for reading this far and hopefully I'll see you again next month. One of the aims of the Colour Conundrum series is to encourage debate in the hope that it might perhaps lead to some new information coming to light that advances our collective knowledge of the subject. At one time, this used to run along the lines of a readers letter to the Editor submitted within a few days of publication, which usually opened along the lines of ‘Dear Sir, Imagine my surprise upon reading the article in last month's magazine to see that its perpetrator was proposing the use of Extra Dark Sky Puce in conjunction with Medium Sea Beige on the upper surfaces of the Lucas Lunatic BF Mk.V. This is arrant nonsense as I have a copy of Drawing Number ABC 123 dated 1 April 1944 which clearly shows...’ These days, enlightenment is more likely to come via the Internet, with the relevant comments not necessarily being intended for the attention of the magazine Editor or indeed the author, but as part of a discussion thread on a modelling website, possibly some considerable time after the article appeared. This happened in April 2017 with regard to the Colour Conundrum entitled A Malta Story which appeared in two instalments in the December 2015 and January 2016 issues of SAM. On 22 August 2015, a thread was opened on Britmodeller entitled ‘Malta blue spitfires’ by someone who wanted to know what modelling paint people used to paint blue Spitfires as used on Malta in 1942. This thread emerged whilst I was engaged in the research that was to culminate in the publication of A Malta Story and therefore drew my attention. It became evident from one of the contributions that someone else had been looking at some of the same documents that I had seen, but on the whole, whilst there was much opinion, there was very little in the way of properly sourced fact. The thread came to an end in early September 2015 without covering much of the ground that I intended to cover in the article, which was subsequently submitted and published as described above.

By Paul Lucas Following publication, there was no apparent feedback and research on the subject continued. In due course, this resulted in A Malta Story Continued being submitted for publication on Tuesday 18 April 2017. The following day, Wednesday 19 April, the Britmodeller 'Malta blue spitfire' thread was resurrected on account of it being the 75th anniversary of Operation Calendar. During the discussion that followed, one of the contributors was kind enough to say nice things about A Malta Story and this in turn prompted a response from the respected US aviation historian Dana Bell who made a valuable contribution to the debate. For the benefit of anyone who has not come across it, Mr Bell's post stated ‘I can't claim to have seen Paul's SAM articles from last year, but Wasp was one of two carriers sent supplies of an experimental USN paint called Dark Blue, which was a supposed near match for Deck Blue stain. Half of Wasp's air group was supposedly painted in the new colour. If the Spits matched the F4Fs, they could have all been using the new Dark Blue. That is just another possibility – and I'm not claiming that this happened with any certainty – but it's a strong ‘cudda-bin’. Given the long standing contradictions in the available photographic and anecdotal evidence that surrounds the idea that some of the Spitfires bound for Malta aboard USS Wasp were painted whilst aboard the ship using some kind of blue or blue-grey paint, which might or might not have been of American origin, this information offered both new information and a possible explanation as to why the contradictions in the photographic and anecdotal evidence exist. It also potentially offered a plausible explanation for the origin of the idea that some Malta Spitfires were finished in a two tone blue finish on the upper surfaces such as that shown in the late Ron Lowry's painting, which depicts BR301 coded UF-S. This painting is thought to have originally been published in Robert Bracken's book Spitfire – The Canadians on account of its association with George F. 'Screwball' Buerling and was reproduced on page 108 of Brian Cauchi's book Malta Spitfire Vs – 1942 Their Colours and Markings. As can be seen from the serial number listing given in A Malta Story Continued, which has been taken from an RAF report on Operation Oppidan, BR301 was one of the Spitfires delivered to Malta aboard USS Wasp during Operation Bowery

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having arrived at Renfriew from 6 MU on 28 April. Thus it was in the right place at the right time possibly to have received a two tone blue finish on the upper surfaces if it was one of those Spitfires loaded aboard USS Wasp still finished in the Desert Scheme with Azure Blue under surfaces and was subsequently repainted aboard USS Wasp using Dark Blue and M-485 Blue Grey like BR344 '3-M' as suggested in A Malta Story Continued. If such a scheme actually existed, it might also provide an insight into why AHQ Malta requested a change in the camouflage scheme of its Spitfires in June 1942 Irrespective of whether the reader believes that those Bowery Spitfires that might have been refinished in USN supplied paint had the whole of their upper surfaces refinished in a single colour or finds some merit in the suggestion that some of them, such as BR301 and BR344, might have retained their disruptive camouflage pattern using two colours, the apparent presence aboard USS Wasp of a Dark Blue aircraft specification finish makes either interpretation more plausible and I thought it imperative that the new information and resulting interpretations be incorporated into A Malta Story Continued. The problem was how to do this whilst still adhering to the Great Leader Gha Ri Hat-Cha's tyrannical dictatorial edict that Colour Conundrum should not exceed four thousand words per issue by any great margin as the article was already at that limit. After much careful deliberation, it was apparent that the only possible course of action that would allow the new information to be included in a satisfactory way would be to withdraw the article as originally submitted and to re-write it. Therefore, this is what has been done. Even so, there was not room to accommodate the speculation as to the colour scheme of BR301 'UF-S', which was after all, Malta's top scoring Spitfire of the siege period that was flown by a famous 'ace'. As usual, the interpretation offered here is unlikely to be the last word on the subject. There are still many documents of which I am aware but have not yet seen, and quite possibly any number of documents of which I am not currently aware that might be found at some point in the future and that will throw further light on the subject perhaps allowing the interpretations offered here either to be proven or refuted. Something else might even emerge on the Internet between these words being written and their appearing in print...

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