Total English Upper Intermediate - Teachers Book

Over view Summary Lesson 1: Ss read atext about different people's opinions about the characteristics of a good friend. Then they read, listen to and ...

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Over view

Lead-in OPTIONAL WARMER Write two headings on the board : family relationships and non-familY relationships and two words: colleague and cousin. Ask Ss under which heading each word should go and why. (cousin'" fomily

relationships; colleague s non-family relationships) Give Ss one minute to brainstorm as many words under each head ing as they can in pairs. Get feedback

1 " Ss look at the photos in pairs and discuss what they think the relationships could be between the various people in them . Get feedback from the class, discussing the reasons for their ideas.

---=

PoIsI.... Photo t : friends or ftatmates; Photo 2: a family, Inc. a grandfather. mother. daughter. father, son. grandmother; Photo 3: friends; Photo 4: an extended family, inc. aunts, uncles, cousins.

Summary Lesson 1: Ss read a text about different people's opinions about the characteristics of a good friend. Then they read, listen to and write some notes and messages. Next, they listen to people talking about friendship and talk about their own ideas about frie nds and friendship. Lesson 2: Ss listen to part of a radio programme about the Boehmer family. Then they read an article about 'birth order' and how the position in your family can affect your personality. Ss then discuss their own opinions about 'birth order' and

familie s. lesson ]: 5s discuss their opinions about mobile phones and then read an article about the increased use of mobile phones particularly among young people. Ss exchange personal information about each other and get to know each other more. Vocabulary: Ss focus on a group of phrasal verbs around the topic of relationships. CommunicatIon: Ss listen to a man talking about his family tree. Then they draw their own family tree, describe it to each other and talk about some members of their families. F1Im bank: Good relations U ' 25") An extract from the 1947 film version of Nicholas Nickleby which was Charles Dickens' third novel, published in 1839. In this extract, Nicholas Nickleby, his mother and his sister are all taken Into the care of his uncle Ralph, following the death of his father. The uncle arranges for Nicholas to gain a tutoring job at an Academy for boys, where he is shocked by the brutality there. Possible places to use this short film are: .. After lesson 2 to extend the topic of family and friends.

.. At the end of the unit to round up the topic. f or ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 152 and Teacher's Book page 178.

2 " Ask Ss to work in pairs and discuss the difference in meaning between each pair of words. Encourage Ss to use an English-English dictionary to check the meaning and pronunciation of any of the word s they are not sure about. Get feedback from the class. ArIswn: t step-sister: girl or woman whose father or mother has married her father or mother; half· sister: a sister who Is the child of only one of your palents 2 colleasue: someone you work with; acquaintance: someone you know, bul not very well 3 soulmate: someone you have a very close relationship with because you share or understand the same emotion and interests; close friend : someone you are good hiends with " partner: someone you are having a serious relationship with; wife: woman that a man is manied to

b .. Ask Ss to read the sentences, focus on the phrases in italics and try to work out what they mean. Ss check ideas in pairs. Get feedback from the class.

Answers: t make people think well of you when they first meet you 2 like someone as soon as you meet Ihem for the flrst time 3 haw many simllir attitudes

"hive'

or experiences to another person similar view about something to somebody else 5 feel you see things in a similar way to someone else

3 " Ss discuss the questions in small groups. Get feedback from the whole class. EXTE ND TH E LEAD-IN In pairs, Ss write a list of as many things as they can that they have in common. Encourage them to th ink of interesting/ unu sual things e.g. same zodiac sign.

1.1 Oood. friends

... Ask 5s to check their answers in pairs and then get feedback from the whole class.

In this lesson, Ss read an article about the characteristics of

Answen:tA '2C 3E 4B SD

a good friend. They also listen to two friends talking about friendship and give their own ideas about friendship.

Ss also read, lislen to and write some nOles and messages, thinking about the different situations for writing messages,

to whom and what language/ abbreviations we use. After focussing on the use and form of question tags, Ss can

gel to know each other further by using question tags to

b ... Ask Ss to read the messages again and decide who might have written each one. Ask them to underline the part of the notes/ messages which tetts them the answers. • Ask Ss to check their answers in pairs and then give feedback to the whole class.

check what personal information they know about each other.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write on the board: my first friend; my oldest friend; my most recent friend; my most unusual friend Ask Ss to think about one or more of these friends and

describe them to a partner. E.g. I've known my oldest friend {or over thirty years. We first met because ... Get Ss to tell the class about their partner's friend.

Reading • Get Ss to look at the photos and to discuss in pairs what kind of fri endship they think each group of people has (e.g. close teenage girl friends who share all their secrets).

1a. Ask Ss to discuss the question in pairs. Get brief feedback about their ideas.

Answers: A wort colleague (sales figures/ meeting) B wife (xxx - kisses) C brother (Mum and Dad) o ftatmate E friend (HI! How r u?) • Get 5s to look agai n at the messages and ask them what the main differences are belween how we write a note/ message and how we write a letter/ email- (In notesl messages we use abbreviations and miss out words).

c"

Get Ss to work in pai rs and work out which words have been left out in messages A- O, wherever Ihe sign * appears. Do the first one as an example. Get feedback by asking individual Ss to read out the complete message. AnswNts: A ... I should be._ . Do)'INI toney lunch? ... .. B _ pick up ,.". jack~t (rom 1M dry-cleone" s. I will see)'OU at tM restaulflnt fit about 7p.m. C ... I hope you ... D ... WIll yoM/ PI. . . ring him ...

b. Ss quickly read the text and check which of their ideas are mentioned.

2. Get 5s to read the text agai n and write down the name or names of the person or people in the text that correspond to each of the statements. 5s check their answers in pairs. Then get feedb ack from the whole class.

d. Check that Ss know that we often use abbreviations in text messages to save time. Get Ss to decide in pairs what the abbreviations in the message mean. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: are - r you - u Cd=could b4- before

Answers: t Lanza '2 Mlck. Haruki 3 Mercedes .. [)ebbl 5 Rachel 6 Maclek 7 Stefano 8 Emily

3'" 5s discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Ask a few 5s to talk about their opinions to the class.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Ask 5s to brainstorm TV programmes, films and songs about friends (e.g. TV drama series: Friends; film: About o boy; song: You've got 0 friend). SS discuss in small groups which are their favourites and why. Encourage them to discuss the type of friendships depicted. Ss give feedback to the class.

Writing

Sat.- Saturday Fri- Friday

OPTIONAL EXTENSION In small groups, 5s brainstorm other abbreviations used in text messages. (/S = late , CU/Sr'" see you later,

LOL .. laughing out loud). • Elicit that we ca n also get messages in other ways, i.e. answerphone or voice mait messages.

Ga. Ss liste n to three answerphone messages and note down the purpose of each one. Play recording 1.1 then get Ss to check their answers in pairs. Get class feedback. Answers: 1 to check the evening's arrangements '2 to get authorisation for a credit card payment 3 to arrange to see a car for sale

4'" Get Ss to discuss the questio n in pairs focusing on the different reasons for writing notes and messages. (e.g. reminding someo ne to do so mething, apologising for something) . Get class feedback.

:sa.

Read out the five reasons listed. Get Ss to read the notes and messages (A-E) quickly and match each one with one of the reasons. You could ask Ss to underline the part of the notes/ messages which tells them the answers.

b. Play recording t .1 again and get Ss to make notes about the important information. Encourage them not to Iry to write the whole message, but just the most important bits. • In pairs, 5s then wri te a brief message to each person using their notes. Remind them to leave out words and use abbreviations. Get class feedback by asking a few 5s to read out each message and briefly compare each one.

.....bIt ....we/S:

1 Alison - Keith called about tonllht. Jackie and Steve can't come. You stili want to SO to the Him? Please call Keith on mobile. 2 James - Please call TIna Jenldns (HSBC Customer ServIces) - 01303 B13 843 a.u.p. re.latp uedlt card payment. 3 Brian - Please ring Sarah Shlall- 01273 443 7S0 to amnp when she can come and see car yoo're seiling.

AnIwIn: Rule B-3 and 4;

12a .. Get 5s to work in pairs. read the interview and find the three incorrect questlon tags and correct them.

b.. Play recording 1.) and get Ss 10 check their answers. Then get whole class feedback.

7" Ask individual 5s to read out the four statements then get Ss to work in pairs and discuss which of the statements they agree with and why. Encourage them to justify their opinions. Get feedback from the class and establish which of the statements most 5s agree with.

8..

Focus 5s briefly on the photo of two friends, Harry and Fiona. Play recording 1.2 and get 5s to say which of the views in Ex. 7 Harry has. Get feedback from the class. Answer: New friends will replace old friends.

Answers: 10: So, Simon, you'Ve been with the company for nearty a vear now,......., you? 10: Now, you're dear about your ta~ for this vear, aren't you? 10: _ That hasn't Men particular good, has it?

13a .. Explain that Active grammar box (1) contains the basic rules but that there are some more difficult cases which you will look at in Active grammar box (2) . .. Get 5s to work in pairs a,!d complete examples 1-6 in the box. Then get whole class feedback.

9"

Play recording 1.2 again and ask 5s to make notes about the people who are mentioned and in what ways they are significant. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs then get feedback from the class.

Answers: Harry talks to ...... about his flmlly; ,... about his matlonshlps and love life; Ala about work. and practical thinSS' Ilpi is Hany's best frtend from

Rute C-1 and :2

Active grammar (2) 1 ... aren't I? 2 ... won't you? 3 ... shall we? 4 ... do you? 5 ... did it? 6 ... have they?

b"

In pairs, get 5s to refer to examples 1-6 and complete rules A-F in the Active grammar box. Get class reedback.

school but they have lost touch. Active grammar (z)

10" Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small

A aren't I B won't you E It F they

groups. Get feedback from each group and find out if most of the class identifies with Harry's or Fiona's situation.

Lifelong learning .. Read the questions with the class. In pairs 5s share strategies that have helped them Improve their English. .. Then. 5s note down one or two people who are NOT In the class and whose English Is better than theirs. For homework, 5s ask these people for advice on improving their English. 5s share these ideas In the next class.

Grammar

C shill we

0 positive

14a .. Get 5s to complete the sentences with the correct question tags. They then check their answers in pairs.

b ..

Play recording 1.4 and ask Ss to check their answers.

ALlI" • • 1 isn't she 2: do they 3 have you 4 can WI S shall we 6 won't you 7 dOH It 8 aren't I C" Explain to Ss that Ihere are also other reasons for using question tags. Elicit or read out the list of reasons. Play recording 1.4 again and get Ss to say which reason applies to eac.h sentence. Get whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD·IN Ask 5s questions around the class using question lags e.g. You like football, don't you? Elicit that you are using question tags to check information that you think you know but are not su re about. Play recording 1.2 again and get 5s to say how many question tags they hear (6).

11a " focus 5s on the Active grammar box and get them to complete the examples with the missing auxiliary verbs. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs then get whole class feedback. Active grammar (1) 1 .•• don't you? 2 ... didn't you? 3 ... Isn't II? 4 ... can you?

b ..

Read Rule A in the Active grammar box to the class. Then ask 5s to work in pairs and match Rule B and Rule C to examples in the box. Get whole class feedback.

1 asIdns for qreement 2 aareemen! 3 checklnglnformaUon Information 5 making a suaestlon suaestlon 7 asking for aareement agreement

......IW:

asking for "checking 6 maldng a 8 asking for

Person to person 1tsa" Tell Ss they are going to check how much they know about different 5s in the class. Ask them to write one or two racts they think they know about three other 5s. Encourage them to write some facts they are quite certain about and others they are less certain aboul. and to use a variety of verbs.

b ..

Get Ss to check Iheir facts by asking the other Ss using appropriate question tags. Get Ss moving around the class to talk to different 5s.

102 Family ties The Boehmer family is the world's largest family of jugglers and has won a number of awards, performing all over the United States and beyond. They have been performing to audiences with their varied juggling, gymnastics and unicycling skills for over a decade. In recent years, there has been a lot of research into 'birth order' and how your position in your family and your relationships with your siblings can affect your personality. In this lesson, Ss listen to part of a radio programme about the Boehmer family and then focus on the grammar connected with the words any, every, no and some. They also read an article and discuss their own opinions about 'birth order', position in a family and personality.

4a. Tell 5s that they are going to look at some expressions from the radio programme. In pairs, 5s should look at the tapescript on page 165 and help each other work out what the phrases/expressions mean. Remind them to use the context and the sentences around the expressions to help them. Get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 to be able to do several things at the same time 2 to find 3 to decide to do something 4 someone who enjoys family life very much 5 to be very happy about something 6 to continually get better 7 to choose

b.

Get 5s to work in pairs and to summarise what they heard on the radio programme using the phrases in Ex. 4 as appropriate. Encourage them not to include every detail but just to give a summary of the most important points.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the idea of the circus and circus skills with the class. Ask them these questions.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get Ss to write the summary that they discussed in Ex. 4b. Tell them to use their questions/answers in Exs. 2 and 3 to help. Remind Ss not to include every detail and that they should write a maximum of seventy-five words.

Q: Have you ever been to a circus? If so, what did you like/dislike about it? Why? If not, would you like to go? Why not? Q: What different types of circus skills can you name? Which are your favourites to watch? Can you do any of them? (juggling, tightrope walking, Diablo,

acrobatics, trapeze, plate-spinning, clowns, knifethrowing, fire -eating.)

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Playa quick game of 'Simon says' with words connected to any/every/noisome. Briefly, remind Ss of the rules (You have to do what the teacher says, if he/she starts by saying 'Simon says'. If he/ she doesn't say 'Simon says', however, you mustn't do what he/she says and if you do, you're out.) e.g.: Everyone stand up, someone in the front row

Q: How do you think circuses have changed over the years? Why? Do you think the changes have been a good thing or not? (The main way most circuses have changed is that many are not allowed to use animals in their acts anymore.)

Listening '. Get Ss to look at the photo and tell them that all the people are members of the same family and they all work together as jugglers.

1.

Ask 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to give reasons for their answers. Get feedback.

2. Play recording 1.5 and ask 5s to answer the questions. Get them to check their answers in pairs briefly and then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 thirteen 2 They are the largest family of jugglers in the world. 3 Performing at the Vatican in Rome

3. Get 5s to read the questions. Then play recording 1.5 again and tell 5s to answer the questions. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs and then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 After his son, Adam, (having seen a circus) asked him what he could do. 2 They saw Larry practising and wanted to join in. 3 In 1989 at an amusement park. 4 Anybody can do it.

turn around, write any letter of the alphabet.

Grammar 5a. Tell 5s to work in pairs and decide together whether the example sentences in the Active grammar box are correct or not. Get whole class feedback but do not explain the difference in meaning at this stage. Answers: A Correct B Correct C Correct D Correct E Not correct F Correct G Correct H Not correct

b.

.,'

Ask 5s to work in pairs and choose the correct alternative for each of the rules 1-5 in the Active grammar box. Get whole class feedback.

Active grammar 1

Any

2

Every

3 any

4 Nothing

5 some

6'" Get 5s to choose the correct alternative for each sentence. Then they should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AM....: t every 2 Everybody 3 any '" Hothln! 5 every 6 somewttefe 7 any 8 any

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Write some questions on the board for the 5s to discuss, which Include words like anybody, nothing. Ss could also add questions of their own. Q: Q: Q: Q:

Do you know anybody who has a speclal talent? Do you ever feel that you have noth ing to do? Is there anything you have always wanted to do? Do you think that anybody can learn to juggle?

OPTIONAL WARMER 5et up a quick class survey. Write these questions on the board and check Ss know age gap and sibling. Get 5s to walk around the classroom and ask as many other Ss as possible, noting down the answers. Q: How many brothers and sisters have you got? Q: Are you the first, middle or the last In your family? Q: What is the age gap between you and your nearest sibling? Get 5s to collate their resuits In pairs and report the most interesting fa cts back to the class.

Most people in the class are the {irst in their {amily.

Reading 7'" Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs. Then ask for two or three opinions as whole class feedback.

8a'"

Read out the questions to the class. Tell 5s to read the text quickly and answer the questions. Remind them not to worry about all the information at this stage but just to answer the four questions. 5s should then briefly check answers in pairs, before getting whole class feedback. Answers: Statement 3

b... Get Ss to read the text again and decide if the statements are true or fal se. Encourage them to underline the part of the text which tells them the answers. 5s check their answers in pairs. Then get class feedback. An....: t1

2 1 3F 4F 51 6F

9'" Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to justify their opinions with examples from their own family or a family they know. Ask for three or four opinions from different 5s.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Write the following definitions on the board. 5s find the word in the article which correspond to each one. 1

what you think/ hope will happen (paragraph 2)

expectations 2 wanting to keep someone safe from ha"" or danger (paragraph 3J protective 3 the negative part or disadvantage of something (paragraph 3J downside 4 when someone likes someone/thing and thinks they are good (paragraph.tJ approvul 5 when people do things where something bad, unpleasant or dangerous may happen (paragraph 5) risk·taking 6 deliberately not obeying people in authority or rules of behaviour (paragraph 6) rebellious 7 to be in a very small space between two other things (paragraph 7) sandwiched

Vocabulary

-

... Write on the board: intellect and intellectua l. Ask which one is a noun and which is an adjective (intellect :: noun; intellectual '" adjective) 10'" Focus 5s on the table and get them to complete the mi SSing words. Encourage them to work in pairs and find the words in the text in Ex. 8 in order to help check their answers. Get whole class feedback.

!a.... a: Noun: jeolousy loneliness success Ad)ed/Ye: Intellectual artistic responsible Important sk.llful frustrated/ frustroting 11'" Get Ss to complete the sentences with the most appropriate word from the table. 5s should check answers briefly in pairs. Then get whole class fee dback.

AnI.as: t Importance 2 artistic 3 frustrating 4 jealous 5 lonely 6 skill 7 responsibility 8 suaess

Speaking 12a... Play recording 1.6 and get 5s to say what the two people are talking about. Ai ..#Ift: The Ittftude and behaviour of parents towards their children depending whether they are bom

first. second.

b... Focus Ss on the How to ... box and ask them to read through the language. Play recording 1.6 agai n and get 5s to tick which expressions from the How to ... box they hear and to underline which word(s) is/ are stressed in each one.

I ts!I!IIr d1sasree. .M2. that's not true at aU. That's DJObabtv 1n!!. I think there's some truth In that.

AnswMs:

13a'" Get 5s to discuss the statements in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to use expressions from the How to ... box as appropriate and to refer to their own experience if relevant.

b ... Ask each group to report back to the whole class on a few of the most interesti ng points they discussed .



1.8 IIobDe oonneotlons Mobile phones. Instant communication and new technology are dominating people's lives mort and more. Whilst there are clearly many benefits from these innovations. there are also potential disadvantages, particularly for young people. which

we don't yet fully know about or understand. In this lesson, Ss discuss their opinions about mobile phones and then read an article about the increased use of mobile phones and its implications, particularly for young people. Following this. Ss focus on the grammar of present and future modals of possibility.

Ss also exchange personal information about each other and get to know each other further. OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss to focus on the idea of mobile phones and their enormous growth. Write on the board; J

197os/J9Bos/J990S

2 About 1 mi/lion,4:Jbout 2 million,4:Jbout 3 mil/ion 3 230 mil/ion/27 billion/620 billion

Then ask Ss the following questions and tell them to choose the correct answer for each question fro m the options on the board. Q: When did mobile phones first stl rt to bKome a¥lllable? 19BOS Q; How ml ny text messages are sent every hour in the UK? about 3 million Q: How many text messages is It estimated will be sent in China in the year 2010? 620 million

Speaking

.... sc IN:

1 the ntlmber of youn. people who kaYe a mobile phone: one qutJI'W of"'-'$ t"T aids In Tokyo; btll(of /Opd~ high school stutknts 3 the ~asons why youn. peopfe want a mobile phone: ' U(ntyfe', parents. to IcHP In touch wttIr (Mnds "how parents feel about their children havtnl a mobile phone: they thlnlc they spend too much tllM on 'M phone; tJlQkes It dllflcult to keep Q ch«k on who their chlldrrm o~ communkatlng with 6 the amount of contact teenaprs feel they need with their Mends: ~tfli times 0 day 7 the effect of mobUe phones on reading for pleasure: mJudng the amount chlld~n read (or pIftJsu~ 9 the health risks of mobile phones to children: children under sixteen should only use mobile phones to moke coils In on emergency to some possIbfe educaUonal uses of mobile phones: to get 1fVIsIon,+nock exom questions; (or teocMrs to keep In touch ""plis

""h

OPTIONAL EXTENSION

You could use this as an opportunity to get Ss to practise the skill of summary writing. First, get Ss to note down the main points of the article. Tell them to choose 3 . 5 points and remind them that they can look back at the articie as well as at their notes in Ex. 4. Get them to discuss which points they have chosen with a partner. Then tell them to write a paragraph using their points to summarize the articte. They could do this in pairs or Individually. Remind them to only Include the main points and not too much detai\. If Ss need further help, you could gi~ them an example for the first sentence: There are a number of worrying issues that have arisen from the increasing use of mobile phones among you ng people.

1'" Focus Ss on the photos and get them to describe them in pairs.

5 II> Get Ss to discuss the questions In pairs or small

2'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small

groups. Get whole class feedback and find out whether most Ss agree or disagree about these questions.

grou ps. Ask fo r two or three opi nions from the whole class.

Reading

OPTIONAL EXTENSION

3'" Read through the subjects with the class. Ask Ss to read

tf Ss have access to the Internet, they could do a mini· project to find out more predictions about how mobile phones will change in the next five years. They could report back in the next ciass.

the text and tick the subjects it refers to. Get them to briefly check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AI_IN:

Subfects referred to: 1. 3," 6, 7, 9,10

Vocabulary . 4'" Get Ss to read the text again and make brief notes about each of the subjects in Ex. 3 it refers to. You could do the first one with Ss to make sure they understand the level of detail required. Ss should check their ans'M!rs in pairs. Then get whole class feed back.

OPTIONAL WARMER Gel Ss thinking about the noise that mobile phones make by asking these questions: Q: Do you have a favou rite ringtone? What is it? Q: Do you change the ringtone on your phone much/ ever? Why/ Why not7 Q; How do you feel about the noise of mobile phones ringing and people talking on phones in public places, e.g. on the train?

Review and pramtoe AnswerS:lf 2h 7 b 8 c

38 4a

Sd

Notes tor wring the Common European Framework (CEF) 6e

CEF References 1.1

2. Answers:

t

3 Correct.

Not correct: any idea. 2 Correct. 4 Not correct: Any help .•• .

5 Correct.

6 Not correct: anywhere .•. . 7 Correct. 8 Correct. 9 Not correct: Everyone ... .

10 Not correct: Is

nothing/ isn't anything.

Answers: t might 2 must 3 can't 5 must 6 might 7 could 8 must

CEF 8:1 descriptor: Can ask follow·up questions to check that he/ she has understood what a speaker intended to say, and get clarification of ambiguous points. (eEF page 87) 1.2

3. 4 may

Can do: check information

Can do: express agreement/ disagreement

CEf B.:r: descriptor: Can keep up with an animated discussion, identifying accurately arguments supporting and opposing points of view. (eEF page 78)

Can do: ma ke speculalions (EF 8z descriptor: Can outline an issue or a problem clearly. speculating about causes or consequences. (CEF page 79) i.]

4. Answers: 1 going 2 ex-wife 3 responsibility 4 fiancee 5 barking 6 takes 7 snores

8 colleague

CEF quick brief Answers: 1 Her brother's name is Ivan, isn't it? 2 Let's go for a swim this afternoon, shall we? 3 He

never eats meat, does he? 4 Please . make yourself comfortable, won't you? 5 Nobody told him we were having a party, did they? 6 I'm In time for the start of the film, aren't I? 7 Nothing was taken out of her bag, was It? 8 She can't sing very well. can she?

The Common European Framework is a reference document for teachers. It is about 260 pages long. You can download it for free from www.coe.int. The CEf recommends that Ss use a Portfolio. This is a document that aims to help 5s renect on, record and demonstrate their language learning. There is a free downloadable Total English Portfolio.

Portfolio task Download the Total English Portfolio free {rom www.longmon.com/ totolengllsh. Objective: help 5s to understand the purpose and value of the Portfolio. This task can be done in 5s' own language. Make sure that each student in your class has a copy of the Total English Portfolio. 111> Ask 5s to complete their personal details on the Portfolio and explain its purpose: to help 5s learn more effectively and demonstrate their language abilities and experiences to others. 2 II> Explain that you will ask them to update their Portfolio at regular Intervals but you will not 'mark' their Portfolio - it is an aid to learning, not a focus for learning itself.

2.3 Ready for businesa

2a .. Read through the questions with the class. Then get Ss to discuss them in pairs. Do brief feedback on their ideas but do not accept or reject any ideas at this stage.

The No. J Ladies' Detective Agency by Alexander McCall Smith was published in 1998 and is the first in a series of

b.. Get 5s to read extract 2 quickly and check their ideas.

five books including Tears of the Giraffe. It tells the story of the delightfully cunning and enormously engaging Precious Ramotswe, who wants to 'help people with problems in their

Again remind them not to worry about aU the details but just focus on answering the two questions. After checking their ideas in pairs. get whole class feedback.

lives: Almost as soon as she sets up her detective agency business. she is hired to track down a missing husband, uncover a con man, follow a wayward daughter and find a missing child, who may have been snatched by witchdoclors. In this lesson, Ss read three extracts from The NO.J Ladies '

Detective Agency, in which the main character is setting up her own business. This leads to a grammar focus on in case. Ss then read and analyse a formal job applicatlon letter, finishing by writing one of their own.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of novels. Discuss these questions with 5s. Q: Have you read any novels In which the main character Is particularly Interesting or memorable? Give details. Q: Have you read any novels which are set In a different country or a particularly Interesting place? Give details. Q: If you were asked to recommend a novel to a friend, which one would you r.commend and why?

Reading la.. Focus 5s on the book cover and get them to discuss the quest ions in pairs. Then get brief whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any ideas yet.

b.. Get 5s to read extract 1 and check their ideas. Remind them to read quickly to find the answers to these questions but not to worry about other details at this stage. After briefly checking their answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. Aftswtrs: 1 The story Is selin Botsw.n., Africa 2 The main character, Precious R.motswe, starts her own business - a detective agency C" Read through the tines with the class. Then get 5s to read the text again and explain each of the lines in their own words with a partner. Remind them to look at the context and the surrounding sentences to help them. Get whole class feedback.

Pouibl, answers: 1 People generally think that seHlng up your own business Is easy but then find there are more problems and difficulties than you expected. 2 When she saw how much money she had inherited from her father, she found fl was much more than she had expected. 3 She knew that she was golnl to have to start completely from the beIInnlnl with settlnl up her own business because nolhlnllike this existed already.

An...s: 1 She finds an ofRce and does It up.nd decorates iL She buys furnllure foJ the office. She emptoys a secretary. 2 NOI many problems. The office was sorted out quickly because she paid cash and she 'M)rked hard herself. She found II easy to find a secretary.

3" Get 5s to read extract 2 again and answer the questions. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs. then get whole class feedback. 1 curtains. two desks, two chairs and a typewriter 2 a secretary by phonlnllhe local secretari.1 college 1 No, they weren' busy at flrsI - perh.ps because nobody knew .bout her agen(¥.

Answers:

4a .. Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs and then get brief feedback about their ideas. b .. Get 5s to read extract 3 on page 145 and check their ideas. Remind them to read quickly and focus only on answering the two questions. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 Mma Ramotswe did not feet optimistic about her business. She was convinced there 'M)uld be no clients and she would close in • month. 2 They did gel a cUent on the first day of business (to their surprise). C" Read the four headings with the class. Ask 5s to read extract 3 again and to write one sentence to summarise each heading. Encourage them to write concisely using one sentence only for each one. Get them to compare their se ntences with a partner, then get whole class feedback.

PossIbl, .nswtrI: 1 Mma Makutsi seems to be an enthusiastic, well-que1ifted and professional worker. 2 Mma RamoIswe is hopeful but not very optimistic that her business will succeed. 3 Mma Ramotswe feels quite wonted that her employee Is too lood for the job. "When MIftI Malwtsl 'hurtled throush the door'. she was udted about the .rrlval of the client and keen to do a professional job. 5" Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs or smalt groups. Even if 5s haven't started/ thought of starting their own business. encourage them to think about the reasons why noti or to think about what specific difficulties they might have if they did . Get brief whole class feedback.

0" Tell Ss to read their sentences to a partner. They should then guess which of their partner's sentences is false. Get brief feedback by asking two or three Ss to report back on their partner's false sentence.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD· IN Write the following two sentences on the board and ask Ss to work in pairs and complete them using an appropriate word / phrase (a different one for each sentence). You can help Ss by giving them in cose and If and asking which goes in which sentence?). 1 She

would answer the phone _ _ lt rang.

2 She stayed in the office _ _ the phone rang.

(Answer:

1 if 2

in case)

6'" Focus Ss on the examples in the Active grammar box. Then gel them to work in pai rs and choose the correct alternatives for the rules t-4. Then get whole class feedback. Active grammar Ii!

why somebody did something

2iil

precautions

Ohings we do in order to be ready for a possible future situation) 3 emphatic "at the end ... You could clarify the difference between in case and if: We use in cose to say why someone does something. You do something now in case so mething happens tater. J' II

give you my phone number in case you get lost. We use it to say what will / won't happen if something else (doesn't) happen. !I' get lost, I'll phone you. 7" Get Ss to write sentences using the prompts and in

cose. Focus Ss on the example and remind them that they may need to change the verb tenses and to add words. Get them to check their answers in pairs before getting whole class feedback.

Writing OPTIONAL WARMER Tell 5s they are going to read an advert for an assistant manager for a new pizza restaurant. Ask them to work In pairs and make notes about what the advert might ask for (e.g. type of person, experience). Get brief whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any Ideas al this stage. Gel 5s to read the advert in Ex. 9 and check their Ideas. Get whole class feedback.

9" Get 5s to read the job advert (if you didn't do the optional warmer) and the letter of application and answer the questions. Ss should then compare their answers in pairs before getting whole class fee dback. AnswIn: 1 Experience as a waitress In three different rest.urants /caffs and she is very keen, hard·workinl and sociable. 2 Her aim for the Mure 15 to open her

own restaurant. 3 It Is. good letter of application (appropriate layout, good o'l.nI5ltlon, formal language and appropriate content - what was asked for In the advert).

10" Get Ss to read the tetter again and match the descriptions 1-4 with the correct paragraph in the letter. Get whole class feedback. Answers:

AnIwMs: t I always write 'Ihlnss to do' lists In case 1 forpt sornethlnglmportant. 2 1usualty leave more time than 1need to ptlo won. In case the traffic Is bad. ]1 always lake a glass of RIft to bed In case I'm thirsty In the night. • I usualty take a first alet Idt on hoI.Ict.y justin case. 5 111 gtve you my phone numbel In case you get IOSI. 6 He took h~ umbt'ella just In case tI rained on the WIt to the Interview. 7 111 buy extra food In case the children are hunpy after the football match. 8 You should write your address on your suitcase In case It gets lost. 9 1won't CO out this evenln. just In case Daniela phones. 10 They wanted me to enter my email address twice In case I'd made a mistlke the first time.

Person to person

sa ..

Get Ss to look again at sentences 1-4 in Ex. 7. They should work in pairs and tell each other if they are true for them or not. Get brief class feedback.

b .. Get Ss to write four more sentences about themselves using Gust) in case, including three which are true and one which is false. Remind them not to tell their partner which is false.

Correct order: 4, 2, ], 1

b .. Check that Ss understand that this type of formal leiter uses more formal language. Read through the informal language in the table with the class. Ask Ss to complete the table with the formal equivalent expressions from the letter. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. ....,..: 2 I am writing to apply for the lob. ] I believe that I have I.ined valuable experience. 4 I feel th.t I would be suitable for the job. sl am partkularly Interested In this lob. 6 1can be contacted on the phone number above. 7 1look forward to hearing from you. 8 Yours Sincerely. Check that Ss understand that when we use formal language, a) there are some 'set' expressions (e.g. Yours sincerely) b) we don't use contractions (e.g. I am writing) c) we use more formal vocabulary (e.g. gained, suitable)

11" Get Ss to choose one of the job adverts on page 151. Ask them to write a formal leiter of application. Remind them to use the paragraph plan and the language as appropriate in Ex. 10. Set a word limit of 1.20 words.

Vocabulary: CoDooat!ona with p~itiODB In th is lesson. Ss focus on collocations with prepositions. including both adjective + preposition (e.g. + preposition (e.g. apply (or),

proud 0" and verb

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the word in on the board and ask Ss what type of word grammatically it is (a preposition). Gel Ss to write a list of ten prepositions as fast as they can. They should put their hands up when finished. Ss compare their lists in pairs. Then get class feedback. writing up all the prepositions (e.g. (rom, about. with. at, by, into, onto, over. under. before, ofter, for. off ....)

1" Tell Ss that some adjectives collocate with particular prepositio ns. (You may need to explain that collocale means 'go together for no particular reason' and that Ss just have to learn which ones go together) . Tell 5s to complete the sente nces using the correct preposition which collocates with the adjective in bold. After checking their answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

_ _ a: 6 to

1 In 2 about 3 of 4 about 5 on 7 from 8 at 9 of 10 about

2 .... Tell 5s that some verbs also collocate with particular prepOSitio ns. Get them to complete the sentences with the correct preposition from the box which collocates with the verb in bold. 5s check answers in pa irs. Get class feedback.

Answers: 1 for 2 from 3 on 4 for 5 in 6 about 7 for 8 on 9 in 10 of

3a .... Get 5s to match the se ntence halves 1-8 with a- h. Tell them that some of them are adjectives and some of them are verbs and that they should try to do it without looking back at Ex. 1 and Ex. 2 .

b..

Play record ing 2.8 and get 5s to check their answers.

Answers: Ii 2e 3d 4b 516a 718h 9c 10 '

4" Get 5s to complete the questions with the correct preposition. 5s check in pai rs. Get class feedback. Anlwtrs: 1 for 2 on 3 .bout 4 to/from 6 on 7 on 8 for 9'bout 10 of

5.t

5" Tell Ss to choose five of the questions in Ex. 4 that they would like to ask their partner. Get Ss asking and answering their questions in pairs. Get brief whole class feedback, asking two or three 5s to report back on their most interesting question/answer.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get 5s to stand up and mingle and ask different questions from Ex. 4 to as many 5s as possible. They then report back brieny to the whole class on their most interesting question/ answe r.

Communlcaiion: The best candidate In this lesson, 5s talk about their experiences of job and/ or university interviews, how they might feel about interviews and how they can prepare properly for them. 5s then listen to parts of four different interviews and finish by roleplaying an interview situation for a job or a place on a course.

OPTIONAL WARMER Playa quick game of Word Association. Write the word interview on the board and ask 5s to work in pairs and write down any words/ phrases that come into their heads associated with interview. (They should not think about it too much.) Get whole class feedback and write the words up on the board. (e.g.: job, n!rvous, smort suit, interviewer.) 1'" Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs. Then get whole class feedb ack.

2a ... Get 5s to discuss the question in pairs. Then get whole class feedback, encouraging 5s to justify their answers particularly for the more controversial ones. ~ The positive ones Ire: 4. 6, 9. 10

b .. Get 5s to discuss the question in pairs or small groups, encouraging them to give details from their own experience. Get class feedback, aski ng two or three 5s to report back about another student's experience.

3a ... Read through the questions with the class. Play recording 2.9 and tell 5s to listen to parts of interviews with four differen t candidates and answer the questions. 5s check their answers in pa irs. Get whole class feedback.

1M...

KnIt: )ob inteIlIkw/7 - she talked about her _ _ _ ".~_ t-r: university bite! dew/I-she was Late u.. _ .....iN/S - sI1e didn't _ l o r die

. ..-n_

~

jobl" " - I _ .

b ... Tell 5s to try to complete the interviewer's sentences with a partner. Then play recording 2.10 and get 5s to listen and check their answers.

. . . . . 1 ~nl 2.bout 3 ofIke 4 lnteMewtnl 5 rnsons 6 plans 4'" Get Ss to work in pairs and choose one of the adverts on page 146. They then prepare for the interview by each following the relevant instructions for the interviewees and the interviewers. They could write notes but should not write out the whole interview. (You could ask two of the 'interviewees' to work together at this stage to help each other. Similarly for the 'interviewers'.)

5a'"

Get Ss to work in their pairs and roleplay their interview. They may use their notes if necessary.

b.. Tell Ss to change roles and prepare and roleplay another interview, following the instructions and making notes. e... Get whole class feedback by asking Ss the question and encouraging them to justify and explain their reasons.

Review and praoitoe Answers: 1 'm going to watch 2 'II have 3 's going to 4 'II go and get 5 'm meeting 6 'II be 7 're going to have 8 'm playing

2. Answers:

Sal. 2id

Hi Antonio, I can hardly believe it - but by next Friday afternoon, I'll have finished all my exams! Untillhen, I'm completely up to my eyes in revision. I'll be reviSing for my exams the whole of th is weekend and then every spare minute

I get next week. I really can't wait to get them all out of the way.

I'm really excited though. because I've booked a holiday fo r immediately after. In fact, this time next week, I'U be waiting for my mght to Crete. I'm going with Daniel - we've both been there before and loved it. After this holiday, we'll have been Ihere four times! Anyway, that's why I'm writing reatly. I just wanted to know ifyou'U have left your job by then. If you have, why don't you come with us? I know it's short noUce, but It would be great if you could come.

let me know as soon as you can. Either email me or phone anytime. I won't be going to bed early tonight because I've got so much to do. Really hope you can come. Gianni

3. Answers: 1 detail 2 retirement 3 initiative • quality 5 surgeon 6 volun tary 7 redundant 8 deadlines

4. Answers: 1 complains about 2 worried about 3 succeeded in 4 depends on 5 prepared for 6 modest about

Notes for using the Common European Framework (CEF) CEF References :J .1 Can do: talk about future plans and make predictions

CEF 82 descriptor: Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/ her field of interest. (CEF page 59) 2.2 Can do: do a survey and report the results CEF 82 descriptor: Can synthesise and report information and argume nts from a number of sources. (CEF page 81) 2.3 Can do: write a formal letter of application CEF 82 descriptor: Can express news and views effectively in writing, and relate to those of others. (CEF page 83)

CEF quick brief The Common European Framework is produced by the Council of Europe. The Council of Europe is concerned with issues like human rights, European identity, ed ucation and more. This identity is based on diversity and the Common European Framework gives equal importance to all languages of Council of Europe member nations.

Portfolio task Downlood the Total English Portfolio free from www.longman.com;totolengllsh. Objective: help 5s to use the PortfoUo to assess their skills. This task can be done in 5s' own language . .. Portfolios are divided into three main sections. The first Section is called the ' Passport'. The Passport is deSigned to summarise relevant language learning experiences and qualifications. This can be shown to others, for example new teachers, employers, etc. Firstly. however. it is hel pful for learners to give their own assessme nt of their abilities in the different skills areas.

1" Help Ss to understand the self-assessment grids (the re are many tran slations available as this is a standard document) for levels A1 to 81.

2"

Ask 5s to assess their own abilities in the different skills areas (listening, rea ding, spoken interaction, spoken production, and writing). Ss complete the langu age skills profile by shading in the relevant boxes.

3"

Explain that Ss can update this profile as they progre ss and they can fill in profiles for other languages.

I Overview

Lead-in

.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write jobs and the categories on the board: weor 0 uniform; work mostly outside; work ot night; hove 0 long training; work with mochines; trovelo lot. Divide the class into groups and give each group a different category. Tell Ss to write as many different jobs for their category as they can In two minutes. Get class feedba ck and write the jobs on the board. 1 II> Ask 5s to work in pairs to discuss which of the jobs listed is not in the photos. Ss then discuss what they think each job involves. Get class feedback.

Summary

Answ.rs: 1 social worlter 2 journalist: someone who writes news reports for newspapers, magazines, television or radio; eM........: someone who designs and builds roads, bridges ... ; sod•• worker: someone who helps people deal with problems such as poor housing ... ; nursery nUrM: someone who looks after young children; ......... : a doctor who does operations

lesson 1: Ss read an article about attitudes to work and how work has changed over the years. They then discuss their

2a .. Play recording 2.1 and ask 5s to match each

own opinions about different ways of working (e.g. working at home), their predictions about working patterns for the future and their own plans for work/ studv/ life in the future.

speaker with the correct job in Ex. 1. 5s brieRy check answers in pairs before you get whole class feedba ck.

lesson 2: Ss lislen to a radio journalist talking about Nek

Chand, an artist who created the Rock Gardens of Chandigarh in India from recycled materials. This leads into a discussion about recycling and other environmental issues. Ss finish by doing a class survey about work/life balance.

Lesson 3: Ss read three extracts from the novel The NO.J Ladies' Detective Agency by Alexander McCall Smith, in which the main character sets up her own business. This leads to analysing and then writing a formal job application letter.

Vocabulary: Ss focus on collocations with prepositions including adjective + preposition and verb + preposition. Communication : Ss talk about thtir experiences of job/ university interviews. They then listen to four different interviews and roleplay an interview situation. Film bank: Dream career (2'35") An extract from a documentary about a fashion designer. Lindsay Pressdee who started her own business in 1996. in the film she talks about what her job involves including the hard work and the excitement of showing her clothes at trade fairs and photo shoots.

Answers: 1 Journalist 2 nursery nurse 3 sura:eon " clvll engineer 5 social wolter b... Read through the phra ses with the class but do not explain them at this stage. Play recording 2.1 again and tell 5s to listen out for the phrases and the context each one is in. After listening. get Ss to discuss in pairs what they think each phrase means. Get whole class feedba ck. Answrs: • chanp of ureer: when someone stops the career that they have been dOing and retrains to do something different; • lIibour of low: when someone does a job not for the money but because they really love it; • tafMf' path: the different steps that someone takes to progress in a certain career; to take. yur out: to stop working for a year and do something completely different (e.g.traveO; job satlsfactfon: the feeling of happiness someone gets from doing their job

3" Get 5s to work in pairs and think of a job which fits each of the qualities in the box. Get class feedback. 4" 5s discuss the question in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to give details. Ask two or three 5s to tell the whole class about another student they talked to.

Possible places to use this short film are: .. After l esson 1 to extend the topic of ways of working.

EXTEND THE LEAD· IN

... After lesson 3 to extend the topic of running your own business. For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 153 and Teacher'S Book page 179·

Playa game of 'twenty questions' about jobs. 5s work in small groups and take it in turns to think of a job (but don't say it). The other Ss guess the job by asking a maximum of twenty 'yes/ no' questions. Encourage them to ask questions using the phrases in Ex. 3.

2.1 The da!)y grind The nature of work has changed radicaUy over the last 1,000 years. Ways of working are very different and more varied now, mostly due to changes to production methods, especially during the Industrial Revolution and more recently due to huge advancements in technology. Despite these changes. however, some things remain constant especially our apparent psychological need to work. In this lesson. Ss read an article about attitudes to work and

how work has changed over the years. They then discuss their own opinions about different ways of working (e.g. working at home, voluntary work).

After listening to four people talking about how they would like to change their working life, Ss look at the grammar for

talking about future plans and predictions. They then discuss their predictions about working patterns for the future and their own plans for work/study/ life in the future.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the following two sentences on the board: 1

I work to live.

2

J five to work.

Check 5s understand what they mean (t - my main reason for work is to earn money to enjoy things in life; 2 - I love my work so much that it is the most important thing in my life). Ask 5s to discuss in pairs which of the two sentences is closest to their own feelings about work. (If Ss don't have a job at the moment, encourage them to think about a job they would like to do and imagine which of the two sentences would probably be most relevant to them). Ask for feedback from the whole class and check which of the two sentences is most common in the class.

Reading 1 .... Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Then get feedback but do not accept or reject their ideas at this stage.

2 .... Tell 5s to read the text qu ickly and check their ideas about question 2 in Ex. 1 - in what ways work has changed over the last 1000 years and in what ways it is the same? 5s should briefly check their answers in pairs and then get whole class feedback. Answers: According to the text, work has changed a lot over the last 1000 years
3a .... Get 5s to read the text again and decide if the statements are true or false. Encourage 5s to underline the parts of the text which help them with the answers and to say why the false statements are false. Ask 5s to check answers in pairs and then get whole class feedback.

false (self-esteem increases if you're paid to work) 3 false (even doing unenjoyable things at work increases self-esteem) 4 true 5 true 6 false (people who don't have work become Irritable) 7 true 8 true 9 true 10 false (the writer thinks that worldng remotely may become more and more common)

......111.111:

1 true

2

b .... Ask 5s to summarise the main argument of the text by completing the sentence. Encourage them to be concise and focus only on the main argument. They could compare their sentences with other Ss before getting whole class feedback.

Poilibl. ans•• r:

Although the nature of work has changed over the years.. the basic fact that work is good for us remains true.

4.... Get 55 to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to use examples from their own experience or from people they know to justify their opinions. Get whole class feedback by asking different groups to report on the most interesting part of their discussions.

Vocabulary 5 .... Get Ss to work in pairs and help each other to find the difference between the verb phrases in italics in each pair of sentences. Encourage them to use Engl ish dictionaries. You may want to remind them that dictionaries can help with pronunciation of new words/ phrases as well as meaning. Get whole class feedback. Answers: 18 to do voluntary work: to do a job which is not paid b to work part·time: to do a job for only a few hours or a few days a week but not every day 2a to take early retirement: to decide to stop working completely before the usual age of retirement On the UK, sixty-five for men and sixty for women) b to be made redundant: to be told to leave your job because there is no longer enough work 3a to work ftexltlme: to work a particular number of hours each week or month, but you can change the times at which you start and finish each day b to do shift work: to have a job in which you work for a particular period of time during the day or night, e.g. in a factory, hospital 48 to be on strike: to deliberately nol work for a period of time because of a disagreement about pay, working conditions b to be on sick leave: to officially spend time away from work because you are sick sa to be sacked: to be told to leave your job because you have done something wrong b to resign from your job: to officially tell your employer that you are going to leave your job

6 .... Get 5s to complete the sentences using the correct form of the phrases in Ex. 5. Remind them to use each phrase once and that sometimes they may have to change the form of the verb. After 5s have checked their answers In pairs, get whole class feedback.



_san:

do voluntary work 2 work plrNlme ,resIped 4 dol,.. shfft work 5 tlklns e.rty 1

ret5lement 6 be SICked 7 been on strike 8 being on skk leave 9 working nPitlme 10 mlde redundlnt

7'" Tell 5s to choose six of the questions in Ex. 6 to ask

their partner. In pairs. 5s should discuss their answers. Get brief whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to report back one of their most interesting questions/ answers. OPTIONAL EXTENSION

Do a 'Find someone who ..: activity with 5s. Give 5s the following Ideas and get them to wrIte 4-6 more themselves. Find someone who ... 1 _.

works flexHime

2 ._ has had a part·time job in a shop

3 ... would like to work at home but doesn't 4 ... has gone on strike

Ask 5s to walk around the room and ask the questions to different 5s. Tell them that the aim is to get a different name for each of the points. Get brief whole class feedback by asking different 5s to report one of their points.

Grammar S'" Read through the questions with the class and :ell Ss they will hear four different people talking Oulia. 5imon. Fran and Patrick). Play recording 2 .2 and get 5s :0 listen and answer the questions. 5s should check their l nswers in pairs before getting whole class feed back.

"un: a Julia: she's too stressed and," up/ no deftnite ptans but some 1dNs. b 5jmon: he wants to retraki/his definite ptans but not sure of the dItes yet. probabfy September. c Fran: she feets Isolated worIdnl from home/has definite plans (job Intenitw). d Pmkk: he wants to lake on more responsibility/no definhe plans.-

9a...

Tell 5s that examples 1-6 in the Active grammar )Ox come from the recording they've just heard. Get :hem to try to complete the examples from memory. rhen play recording 2.) and ask 5s to listen and check :heir answers. They should check answers in pairs before ;etting whole class Feedback.

Active gr.ammar 1 ... I'll go ... 2 ... I'm going to leaW! ... 3 I'm meeting ... 4 ... they'll offer ... 5 ... Is going to be ... 6 He's bound to .. .

b ... Ask 5s to work in pairs and match the rules A-F in the Active grammar box with the examples 1-6. Get whole class feedback.

• • •n:l£

28

JA 40

sC 6 F

... You may want to point out to 55 that the choice of which Future form to use often depends largely on the altitude of the speaker. For example, if the speaker feels confident that everything has been arranged. they may choose to use the Present Continuous. However, other future forms may also be appropriate and grammatically correct.

10'" Get 5s to choose the best alternative for each se ntence. Remind them to look for clues in the sentences as regards the altitude of the speaker (e.g. how sure they are or if they feel they have any evidence) . Ask 5s to check their answers in pairs and then get whole class feedback. 2 're meeting J 's bound to ,,'m IOIng to look for S won't 10 6 'm playing 7 's bound to

.........: 1 golnl

11'" Tell 5s that there are other ways of talking about ruture plans apart from the future rorms in the Active gram mar box. Get 55 to read through the How to ... box and to complete se ntences 1-5 with the words In the box. 5s should check their answers in pairs Then get whole class feedback. AImNn: 1 thlnldng 2 sure 5 probably

3 Idea

4 depends

Person to person 12a ... Get 5s to work in pairs and ask them to teU each other about their work/ study/ life plans ror the ruture. Remind them to use the language in the How to ... box as appropriate and to read the example to get them started.

b... Get whole class reedback on the discussion by asking various pairs of 5s ir any of their plans for the future are very different and if so, how. OPTIONAL VARIATION Instead of getting Ss to discuss their work/ study/ life plans for the future. you couid give them different, more specific categories to discuss. They couid discuss the following, and then report back to the class on the most interesting points they discussed. Things I wont to chonge this year What new hobbies I'm interested In starting My English studies in the next yeor My 'three' year' plan'

Overview

Lead-in

.... , 1ft . . . . .

-

2 I ""

Is Ills

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of old and new. Ask 5s to th ink about a place they know well and discuss what Ihey know about: a) one of the oldest buildings and b) one of the newest buildings. Prompt 5s by asking questions (e.g. Where is it? When wos it built? What' s i t {or? Who built it ? Is it open to the public? What do you like about it?)

1" Focus 5s on the photos and get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs. If Ss do not know what/ where the places are, you could give them some of the information below. Get whole class feedback. AnlwtrS: A about 3000 BC B about t960 AD C about 440 BC D about 2000 AD A The Parthenon In Athens. Greece Is the most

Summary lesson 1: Ss read two texts: t he story of the Trojan War and a film review of the recent film Troy (based on the story of

the Trojan War). Ss then discuss different heroes and write a short story about a hero or hero ine.

Lesson 2: Ss listen to a radio programme about China, including facts about life in both ancient and modern t imes.

55 also focus on inventions and materials, finishing with a discussion about what afe the most important inventions. Lesson): Ss read part of a newspaper article and two letters in response to the article about 'the good old days' and how

much globalisalion and changes in society have affected our lives. Ss then give a presentation about a city they know.

Vocabulary: Ss focus on ma king nouns, looking at the different suffixes we can use (e.g. ·lion, ·ness). Communication: 5s listen to someone talking about what he has learned in life and 5s discuss what they have learned in their lives. This leads to a discussion about the importance (or not) of history. film bank: film heroes (6',+8") Extracts from two old adventure films, focussing on the heroes, 5inbad and Ben·Hur.

Important and characteristic monument of ancif!nt Greek civilaalton and Is dedicated 10 Athena Parthenos. the palron goddess of Athens. B Sydney Opera Houle In Sydney. AustraUlils In Sydney harbour and has betome an Australian icon. In the late 19505, a competition was held for its design. The winner was Danish architect, Jorn Utton whose evocative design of a ship at full sail creates a dramatic view. C The Gre.t Pyramkls In Giza. near CaIro, EIYPl are an extraordinary feat of building skill and engineering. The largest one was built as the tomb of Egyptian king, Khufu. It is about 138 metres high (by far the tallest buildIng in the world until very rKenny) and contains 2,300,000 blocks (the average weight of each is 2.5 tons). D The London Eye, In London, EqIand, UK or the Millennium Wheel, is the flrst·bullt and largest 'observation wheel' In the world standing 135 metres high. The wheel carries thirty-two passenger capsules and one revolution takes thirty minutes to complete.

2a ... Explain to 5s that different adjectives collocate with the things in the table. Get Ss to work in pairs to find the three incorrect underlined adjectives in the questions. Remind them to use the table and a dictionary to help. Get whole class feedback. Ans.....: 1 antique "old

6 ancient

The Seventh Voyage a{Sinbad, made in 195B, is most

fa mous for it's monsters and other special effects which are still considered to be spectacular despite the age of the film. Ben·hut, made in 1959, stars Charlton Heston and is regarded as a classic, being the first film ever to win eleven Oscars. Possible places to use this short film are: .. After Lesson 1 to extend the topic of heroes/stories/old films or as practice of narrative tenses .. At the end of the unit to round up the topic and language For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 154 and Teacher's Book page 180.

b ... Get 5s to work in pairs and ask and answer the questions together. Get brief class feedback by asking 5s to report back on one of their questions/answers.

EXTEND THE LEAD-IN Get 5s to give a mini-talk about one of the things in the table in Ex. 2a. Give them a few ideas of what to talk about (e.g. an elderlv relative). Get to make 55 notes to prepare. Then get them to give the mini-talk to a partner. Finish by asking a few Ss to report back to the class on what their parlner lold them.

a.1Beroes Scories in books and films - old and new - are full of famous ~oes and heroines. The Greek poet Homer wrote the story

fJlthe Trojan War in his book The iliad On the sth century IC). It Is a story of love as well as war and the main hero is N legendary warrior, Achilles who while fighting on behalf

"'King Agamemnon seeks his own glory. The story has been ~old

throughout the generations, most recently in the form

the film Troy, made in 2004 and starring Brad Pitt. this lesson. Ss read two teKts: the first Is the story of Trojan War and the second is a fitm review of the film 9'DY. Ss then focus on the grammar of narrative tenses and .!:$Cuss different heroes from history (Hannibal). fiction s''lakespeare's Romeo and Juliet) and real life (e.g. famous ~

~ple like Princess Diana and 'ordinary' people like ~fishte(s).

Ss finish by writins a short story about a hero or

.....oine.

OPTIONAL WARME R Write thesl! words on the board and set Ss to discuss what thl!Y think the difference is between them.

a hero a celebrity a champion on idol If you think Ss need more guidance; eilher, ask them to use dictionaries to look up definitions and then compare them; or, give them these definitions and ask them to malch them to the correct word. A person who Is admired for doing something extremely brove (0 hero).

Answrs: 1 F (it's also about low and passJon) 2 F (the purpose was to put their lroubees behind lhem .nd look fonrInilo a better future loptttef In peace) 3 T • T 5 F (Achilles didn't w.nllo help Aaamemnon. He only w.nteet to become flmous himself)

3 '" Remind Ss that Homer's story was made into a film called Troy in 2004 and tell them that they are going to read a review of the film. Tell Ss to read the film review on page 146 and answer the questions. Ss should briefly check answers in pairs. Get class feedback.

AI....~ 1 Hector (played by Eric Bana - 'fI, more heroic Ihan .nyont else') 2 pnerally positive

4 '" 5s read the text on page 146 again and complete the notes. They check answers in pairs. Get class feedback.

"'1'1.: the

1 the horrors and brutailly of war 2 how events affect the peopie 3 Achilles and Hector • 2.000 S Hector 6 fln.1 flShI between Hector and Achilles 7 It's nol exactly the same.s the original story In lhe lOad. 8 wry good ('an ImpressiYe film'! "four stars out of fIw')

5 '" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group 10 report back on one point they discussed.

Grammar

A living person who is famous and often in the news (0 celebrity).

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN

A person who has won a competition especially in sport (0 champion).

Write these sentences on the board, reminding Ss Ihalthey are from the first text on the Trojan War.

A person who is loved and admired (an Idol.)

Trode __ and manycities __ into ruins. Secretly. while the guests __ the feast, Paris and Helen __ the party together.

Reading . .. Gel 5s to discuss the first question in pairs or small IfOUps. Then get whole class feedback. aSking two or three 55 to report back their ideas to the class. Then ask 5s to discuss the se<:ond question and gel whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any of their ideas at this stage.

2&" Focus Ss on the pictures and read through the QUestions with the class. Tell Ss to read the text quickly a'Id answer the questions. Then get them to check their .nswers In pairs before getting whole class feedback.

~C

sn:

Kins Mentoiaus of Sparta; Helen ......Iaus'5 wife). KinS ~non of Greece 1

Ss work togelher to complete the sentences without looking back at the text. If the Ss need more help• give them the verbs: leave. fall, enjoy and decline. Get whole class feedback and remind Ss that these are all narrative tenses and used for telling stories. (had been declining; hod fol/en; were enjoying; left)

6a'"

Gel Ss to match Ihe underlined verbs in Ihe Active grammar box to the list of narrative tenses A- D. Gel whole class feedback.

_1iS.rs.:

had been declining - 0; had f.llen - C; were

enioyln,- H. left - A

"nelaus's brother); Klns PrIam of Troy; PrInce Hector

.--'5 eldest son); ParIs (Hector's bfother); Achll~ ~ ..... warrior ftshlt". lot _ I ,AchIlles ,.. tIIKrIbed as .. huply skilled and hetok soldier')

b"

TeU Ss to read the text again and answer the questions, encouraging them to correct the false statements. Get them to check their answers In pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

b ... Get Ss to complete each explanation in the Active grammar box by writing the name of the correct narrative lense A-D. Active grammar Past Simple 2 Past Perfect Simple 3 Past Continuous 4 Past Perfect Continuous

1

C'" Get 5s to look back at the first two paragraphs of the text about the Trojan War in Ex. 2. TeU them to find and underline more examples of narrative tenses with a partner. Then get whole class feedback. AnswerI: Past Simple: decided, feU. was. ordered: Past ontinuous: were looking; Past Perfect Simple: had been able: Past Perfect Continuous: h.d been nghllng

7a ... Focus Ss briefly on the picture and tell them that the story in this exercise is about Hannibal (a hero from ancient times who used elephants in battle). Tell Ss to choose the best alternative for each verb form. 5s check their answers in pairs. Do not get class feedback yet. b ... Get Ss to listen to the story (recording 3.1), and check their answers. Get whole class feedback. AnswIn: 1 had been 2 had been trading 3 had been 4 had taken S hadn't manased 6 deckled 7 was 8 was marching 9 joined 10 reached n had died 12 won

Person to person OPTIONAL WARMER Write Romeo and Juliet on the board and ask Ss to brainstorm what they know about It. (One of Shakespeare's most famous plays: a tragedy written In 1594-5. The hero and heroine are lovers who come from families who are 'at war' with each other. The story was most recently made into a film in 1996, directed by Baz Luhrmann and starring leonardo DiCaprio as Romeo.)

9a ... Get 55 to work in pairs and look at the underlined expressions in the box and decide what each one refers to (a. b, c or d) . Get whole class feedback. ......: a) For tM pmtIous '"' anturles, Up until that point, lJntJ7 b) A/t~r thot, From that point on,

sc.

Slnc~ thtn c) In tht 8th century At thot time. In 228 Be d)~, throughout. During

b ... Ss should work in pai rs and try to add any other expressions to the box, thinking again about what each one refers to.

10'" Ask Ss to choose the correct alternative in each sentence. Ss sho uld check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Ans ••,.: 1 Durin, 2 From that point on 3 For 4 in 5 throUghout 6 Up untilihat point 7 Since then 8 until 9 At that time 10 While

11a ... Get Ss to complete the sentences about themselves, encouraging them to write interesting information. b ... Get Ss to compare their sentences with a partner. Tell them to give one or two more details about each sentence. They could also ask each other further questions. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three 55 to report back on one thing their partner said.

Writing 12'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups, encouraging them to give reasons for their opinions. Get whole class feedback and see if 5s have similar or very different opinions.

Tell Ss that they are going to tell the story of Romeo and Juliet. Divide the class into Student As and Student Bs. Tell the As to look at page 147 and work together in pairs using the notes to practise telling their part of the story. Bs should do the same on page 148.

13a ... Tell Ss that they are going to write a short story about a hero or heroine and ask them to choose one person from the list. You could refer them back to previous discussions to remind them about the differen t options. Tell them not to tell other Ss which hero or heroine they have chosen (as they will have to guess this later).

b ... Organise Ss to work in pairs with one A and one B in

b... Get Ss to write brief notes about the events and the

each pair. Get them to tell the story of Romeo and Juliet together taking turns as indicated in the notes. Remind them to use narrative tenses as appropriate.

characters in the story. Remind them to write notes and not the whole story at this stage.

Vocabulary

14a ... Tell Ss to write their story using the notes and the paragraph plan. Remind them not to write the name of the hero in their story, but just to use he/ she and other appropriate nouns. e.g. the person, the heroine). Remind them to use narrative tenses and time expressions as appropriate.

8a'"

OPTIONAL WARMER Write on the board: 1 While the guests were enjoying themselves, Paris and Helen left the party. 2 For the previous few centuries, the two kings had been fighting. Ask Ss if the underlined parts of the sentences refer to: A a time before, B a time after, C a specific time, 0 actions at the same time. (While - 0; For the previous few centuries = A) Elicit that these are lime expressions.

C'" Get Ss to divide their notes into three paragraphs using the paragraph plan.

b ... Get 55 to work with a partner and read his/ her story. Ask them if they can guess the name of the hero/ heroine their partner has written about. Get brief whole class feedback by asking how many Ss guessed the hero/ heroi ne in their partner's story.

AnIwrs:le

8.2 '..,d of invention ina is a huge country with an incredibly long and rich -.slOry. One of the things ancient China is famou s for is being ~ 'land of invention', credited with inventing many important --;ings. from paper and umbrella s to cast iron and gunpowder. ~ern China is a fascinating place too, with 1.3 billion ~ple - a staggering one fifth of the world's population. ~riculture

z f ) 8 4a

5b 6c

7h 8d

b II> Tell 5s to complete the se ntences with the most appropriate adjective from the box. Then get 5s to check in pairs but do not get whole class feedback yet.

Answers: 5 shiny

1 Slippery 6 stretchy

z smooth ) furry "itchy 7 rough 8 soft

has always been important, but now there are

-:any booming industries too. including production of such :..ngs as toys, clothes. cars and electronic goods. 'or more information about China, go 10: http: //www. lIDIlelyplanet.com/ worldguide/ destinations/asia/ china/ this lesson, Ss listen to a radio programme about China, acluding facts about life in both ancient and modern times.

Ss also focu s on possessions, inventions and the materials -~y are made of, listening to people talking about various :ossessions. They finish the lesson with a discussion about "'Ventions (such as the TV, the wheel and the light bulb) and oecide which are the most important.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of possessions and objects (which will lead into materials and inventions later).

4'" Tell 5s to think of an object they have used that day, explaining that they don't have to have the object with them (e.g. a kettle, money; a bus ticket). Get 5s to work with a partner and try to guess each other's object by asking yes/no questions. Tell them the questions should contai n the materials and adjectives in the previous exercises (e.g. Is it mode of feather? Is it stretchy?). You might want to do an example yourself to start them off,

Listening and speaking !Sa'" Play recording 3.3 and tell Ss to write down which objects and materials are mentioned in each one, After brieHy checking answers in pairs, get whole class feed back.

Ask 5s to work in pairs and ask about three of each other's possessions (e.g. bag, watch, jacket, hat, pen, iPod) . Tell them they have one minute for each object to find out as much as they can. You might want to do an example first: Use one student and ask about one of his/ her possessions. How long have you had that bag? Was i t a present? Who gave it to you? Why? Where did you buy it? What do you like about it?

Answers: 1 lumper/jacket/wooi/coHon z leans/ denlm/ lycra ) earrings/Silver/gold 4 toy train/ computer games/wood/plastic 5 coats/shoes/bags/ fur/ leather

b ... Play recording 3.3 again and get 5s to answer the questions for each dialogue. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs and then get whole class feedback.

Answers:

1 Wool makes her skin itchy. z They're stretchy and comfortable. 3 She's allerglc to her earrings, .. toys made of wood 5 She doesn't eat or wear any animal products e.g. leather shoes.

Get whole class feedback by asking various 5s to report back on one of their partner's objects they asked about.

Vocabulary lall> Get 5s to focus on the pictures. 5s should work In pairs and describe the objects in the pictures using words in box. Get whole class feedback, checking 5s nderstand all the words. -

me

b ... Get Ss to work in pairs and see if they know how to pronounce the words in the box. Then play recording 3.2 and get Ss to check their answers. You could get Ss to repeat the words too. C'" Ask Ss to work with a partner and add four more materials to the box. Get whole class feedback, making sure that Ss understand all the new words.

2'" Get 5s to think of five things they own. Tell them to work in pairs and describe them to each other using the words from Ex. 1. If you did the optional warmer, you could remind 5s to use some of the objects they talked about.

aa ... Get Ss to match the adjectives with their definitio ns. After Ss have checked their answers in pairs, get whole class feedback. You could refer back to the objects in the pictures or those that Ss have described for further checks on meaning.

6

II> Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report on one of the questions.

Listening OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of China by asking Ss to try to answer these questions in pairs. Encourage them to have a guess even if they don't know. Q: What's the population of Chin.? (1.3 billion) Q:What percentage of the world's population lives in China? (20%) Q:What's the capital cIty of China? (Beijing) Q:What Is/ are the officlallanguage(s) of ChIna? (Mandarin and Cantonese - also many dialects) Q:What's the most important festival? (Chinese New Year-usually in February, lasting three days)

7a ... Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and di scuss what things they associate with modern-day and ancient China. Get whole class feedback and write their ideas on the board.

b ~ Play recording 3.4 and ask Ss to say if the speakers mention any of the thi ngs they talked about. Get whole class feedback, checking with the ideas that you wrote up on the board.

8 ~ Play recording 3.4 again and get Ss to answer the questions. Tell Ss to check their answers in pairs, encouraging them to correct the ones which are false. Get whole class feedback.

AnI..,.: 1 true 2 false (only in recent years, it's started to flourish economically) 3 false (around 105 AD) '" true 5 don't know OOIds could be carried by one person, but doesn't say who invented it) 6 true 7 true 8 false (15% of the economy is based on agriculture) 9 don't know (these things are produced but we don't know if they are exported) 10 true 11 don't know (it is growing but we don't know by how much) 12 true

9 ~ Get Ss to discuss the question s in pairs or small grou ps. Then get whole class feedback by aski ng two or three Ss to report back to the class.

b~

Get 5s to work in pairs and take turns to talk about the topics they chose. Remind them to think about appropriate use of articles. You could get brief whole class feedback by asking one person in each group to report back.

Speaking 13a~ Tell Ss they are going to listen to two people talking and read the questions through with the class. Play recording 3.5 and get them to answer the questions. After briefly checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Answers:

1 they have to dedde the three most important inventions eYer 2 light bulb

b~

Focus 5s on the How to ... box. Play recording 3.5 again and get Ss to comptete the questions in the How to ... box. Ask Ss to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

AnSVNf'S: 1 What do you think? 2 What about you? 3 What else do you think Is important? II Do you agree that _? 5 How do you reel about _? 6 Isn'tit true that .2

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write the.se groups of sentences on the board and ask 5s which one in each group is correct. (Group A- 2; Group B-1).

A 1 China is huge country. 2 China is a huge country. 3 China is the huge country. B 1 Rice is an important export. 2 A rice is an important export. 3 The dee is on important export. Ask 5s what words they are focussing on in these sentences (Articles). You could also check that 5s know specific terms (the = definite article; %n .. indefinite article; no article = zero article). 10~ Focus 5s on the Active grammar box. Ask them to complete the box with the underlined words from the tapescript on page 168. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Active grammar the gun 2 the Chinese 4 the story 5 a machine 1

3 the simplest 6 China 7 paper

11 ~ Get 5s to complete the sentences using the, a/ on or the zero article. 5s should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 The/4 The/ the

5 a/the

2: Thelthe

6 a/alThe

3

-/an/the 7 The /-

8 a/-

Person to person 12a~ Ask 5s to choose one of the topics in the list to talk about. Tell them to thin k about what they are goi ng to say and make some notes if necessary.

14a~ Tell Ss to look at the inventions i n the box and decide which three are the most important, making brief notes about their reasons.

b~

Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and to try to agree on the three most important inventions. Remind them to use the language in the How to ... box as appropriate. You might want to give them a time limit (e.g. three minutes). Get whole class feedback by aski ng each group to report back on what they agreed on.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION After the 5s have agreed on the three most important inventions in their pairs, get each pair to join up with another pair. Now tell them to agree in this group of four, again giving them a time limit. You could then get each group of four to join up wi th another group. Again, tell them to agree in this larger group, giving them a time limit. Eventually, you might want to have a whole class discussion and get the whole class to agree on the three most important inventions. Remind them to try to communicate interactively, using language from the How to ... box at each stage.

Lifelong learning Focus Ss on the first question in the box. Get them to discuss questions 1 and 2 in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback encouraging 5s to give reasons for their opinions.

3.3 The good old days? Over the last few decades, the phenomenon of globalisation has changed the world. Many people now complain that 'every High Street is the sa me' with the same shops appearing in High Streets in london, Tokyo, Moscow and Buenos Aires. Some people fear that the individual character and culture of different cou ntries is being eroded and that the world is becoming 100 uniform. Others view it differenlly, however, seeing globalisation as a positive thing, with increased choice and diversity available to a much larger number of people. In this lesson. Ss read part of a newspaper article about globalisation and the so-called 'good old days'. They then do a jigsaw reading of two letters which respond to the article. followed by a discussion of their own opinions about how much these changes have affected our lives. After focussing on the grammar of ad jectives and adverbs, 5s give a short oresentation about a city they know, including fa cts about its 'story, how it has changed and major tourist attractions.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of the 'old days'. Ask 5s to think about their parents (and / or grandparents) and to discuss these questions. You may want to do an example about your own parents (and/or grandparents) to give them the idea. Q: What kind of place did they grow up in (e.g. a quiet village, a large city) Q:What kind of shops and other facilities (e.g. shopping centres, swimming pools) did they have? Q:What did they do in their spare time (e.g. TV, sports)? Q:What kind of holidays did they have? If possible, you could bring in some photos or ask 5s to bring in photos to show different aspects of how their parents' and grandparents' generations lived.

Reading 1 . Get 5s to discuss the question in pairs or small troups. You could give them some more ideas to get them lOing (e.g. food and resta urants, clothes and fash ion, usic, sport, languages, travel/ holiday-s, TV programmes itId film s, teChnology). And lor, if you did the optional warmer, rem ind 5s to thi nk about the ideas they discussed then. Do brief whole class feedback and write some of the .ain ideas on the board . 2.

Tell Ss to read the extract from a newspaper article M\d say if the writer mentions any of their ideas from the Df!'Vious discussion. 5s should briefly check their ideas in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. L.... ::II'I:

Topks mentioned are: food/ restaurants.

dDthes/fashlon. music. languases. travel/ holidays

3" Tell 5s that they are going to read two different letters which were written in response to the newspaper article. Read the three summary sentences (A, B and C) through with the class. Divide the class into As and Bs and tell the As to read the text on page 147 and the Bs to read the text on page 148. Student have to choose the correct summary sentence. Tell them to check their answers with another student who read the sa me text. Then get whole class feedback.

Answers: Text A- sentence C; Text B - sentence A

4" 5s should stay in pairs (formed of students who read the same text). Get them to read their text and answer the appropriate questions, checking their answers together. You might need to monitor or help with any difficulties but do not get whole class feedback at this stage .

-, Tut A:

1

mostty disagrees

2 'the tyranny of

geography' - when people had restricted choice according to where they lived 3 There Is a hup amount of choke In his hlsh street. .. to show that there are shops from many different countries In one hlsh street: 5 He says we can now choose much more how we want to be and what we want to do (not defined by our natlonaUty/place we live).

Text 8:

1 mostty dlSIIfMS 2 She says that different variations of food are being created and thlt Is good. 3 no "a type of English which Is used for people to communicate with other non-natfve speakers 5 A single language Is when everyone speaks one languap e.g. English, and a common languap Is when people speak their own languqe but can also speak English, so can communicate wfth each other.

:s II>

Regroup the pairs so that Student A is worki ng with Student B. Get 5s to tell each other about the text they read, using their answers from Ex. 4, and to discuss the questions in Ex. 2. 6 " Get 5s to work in different pairs or small groups and discuss the question. Get brief whole class feed back encouraging them to give reasons for their opi nions.

Gra.mma.r OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write these two sentences on the board and ask 5s what the difference is between the underlined words and why. (strong;; an adjective, describing the noun 'opinions'; strongly;; an adverb describing the verb 'disagree'). I have strong opinions about this. I disagree strongly with what he's saying. Then, write these words on the board and ask Ss to put them into two groups: adjectives and adverbs. (Answers are in brackets). differently (adv.), good (adj.), ugly (adj.), well (adv.), different (adj.), never (adv.), hard (adl./adv.)

7a'" Get Ss to complete rules 1 and 2 in the Active grammar box. If necessary. tell them to find examples in the texts on pages 40. 147 and 148. 5s should briefly check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Active grammar t

Adjectives are used to modify nouns

2

Position of adjectives: usually directly before the noun

b ... Read through rule 3 with the class. You may need to explain/ remind Ss that we can use adverbial phrases as well as adverbs (e.g. in the comer. lost yean and that there are different positions for adverbs (and adverbial phrases) in a sentence. Tell them to look at the underlined adverbs and adverbial phrases in the texts on pages 40, 147 and 148 and to write them in the correct place in the Active grammar box. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. Active grammar A However B Recently C truly/almost o generally E wildly F strongly G with interest H throughout the world I all the time

8'" Get Ss to decide if the underlined words are adjectives or adverbs. Refer them back to rules 1 and 3 In the Active grammar box if necessary. _ _ , ,"",Iy - adjectlw, lonely - a d _ 2 Uvely - adjective; silly - adjective 3 nne -adlectlve/aclwrb "deadly - adtecttve S high - adverb; well - adverb 6 (got up) earlyadverb; early (traln)- adjectfve 1 friendly - adjective; usty - adjective

9'" Get 5s to write the missing adverb or adverbial phrase in the correct place in the sentences. Remind them that sometimes two different places may be possi ble and refer them back to rule 4 In the Active gra mmar box. After checking their answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

AnswIn: 1 I deflntt.ly Wlnt to try the local food wflen I'm In Thailand. 2 I KdcItntIIIy spill my coffee all over my new jacket. (or: I split my (o~ aU over my new jacket 1CddtmaUy.) 3 I work In a really modem bulldlnl on the '9th flOCN'. "I went on a tour of the six capital clUes In Europe Iut MOnIh. (or: LHt month I went on a tour of the six capital dties In EuropeJ 5 My grandmother has ....,.. been on an aeroplane In her whole life. 6 The new building is expIftIy designed to be both aH1'ICt1ve and practkaL

Person to person lOa'" Get Ss to complete the pairs of sentences usIng the correct alternatives. Ss should briefly check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

sa completely b complete definitely b deflnite 31 late b lately

_ _ IS:

21

b ... Ask 5s to discuss the questions with a partner. Get brief whole class feedback by asking one student to report back about each question.

Vocabulary 11'" Read through sentences 1-8 with the class. Tell 5s to match the underlined verb phrases with the definitions a-h. If necessary. remind them to do the easier ones first and then go back to the more difficult ones. Get them to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. ~lf

2~

3h Ite sa 6c 11 8b

12'" Get Ss to complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrases in Ex. 11. After checking in pairs. get whole class feedback. AnIwws: 1 take to 2 take it for granted 3 take part In .. take over S take your breath away 6 took off 7 take it in their stride 8 lake In

13'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back on the question they enjoyed discussing the most.

Speaking 14a ... Tell Ss that they are going to give a short presentation about a city they know (thei r own city or another). Get them to make notes to prepare for their presentation, using the points listed. Remind them to write just notes (not the whole 'script') and to include adjectives and adverbs where appropriate.

b ... Tell 5s that they are going to practise giving their presentation by working with a partner. Tell them to look at the questions. listen to their partner's presentation and give each other feedback. Give 5s some time to make any necessary changes/ improvements to their presentations.

15'" Get 5s to give their presentations to the class. using their notes or from memory. To fi nish, ask the class which of the places they heard about would they most like to visit and why. OPTIONAL EXTENSION 5s could write up their presentation in the form of a short essay.

Vocabulary: making

nOUDs

In this lesson, 5s focus on making nouns, using common noun endings. 5s are reminded that this type of word building is a good way of building up their vocabulary.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write on the board: neighbourhood, happiness, joumalis t. Ask 5s .what kind of words they are and how they know (nouns/ they have noun endings). In pairs, 5s write a list of as many noun endings as they can, and an example for each. Get class feedback. 1'" If you did the optional warmer, get Ss to look th rough the ru les and see which ones they thought of and wh ich they did not. Get 5s to work in pairs, read the rules and examples and write more examples. Get class feedback writing the new words on the board .

c.

Tell 5s to look again at the sentences and th ink about how far each sentence is true for them. They could make a few notes to prepare what to say to a partner.

d. Get 5s to work in pairs and compare their reactions to the statements and give reasons for their answers. Get whole class feedback by asking a few Ss to report back on their reactions to one of the statements.

Communication:

Lessons from history In this lesson, 5s discuss various aspects of school subjects. They listen to someone talking about what he has learned in his life and discuss what they have learned in their lives. Ss then discuss what we can learn from history.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss to compare the education system in England with that in their own country: Q: At what age: do children start leave/ school /take public exams? Children in England have to go to school from age five until sixteen, but some stay until eighteen. At sixteen, they take an average of eight publiCexams known as 'GCS Es' (General Certificate in Secondary Education), in a variety of subjects. Students can stay at school or go to a Sixth Form College to do an average of three 'A·levels' (Advanced level exams).

2'" Get 5s to complete the sentences with the correct noun form by using the word in bold. Get 5s working in pairs and using dictionaries. Get class feedback. ch r uus: t employer 2 childhood 3 happiness 4 supervisor 5 nexibility 6 communication 7 violinist 8 [email protected] 9 development to membership

3&'" Get 5s to find the one incorrect noun and correct it. 5s work in pairs, USing dictio naries. Get class feedba ck or wait for 5s to check answers from the recording in 3b.

A.II.en: .. typist

production 2 enjoyment 3 employment 5 modernity 6 development t

1. Get 5s to discuss the questio ns in pairs or small groups. Then get whole class feedback by asking each group to re port back about one of the questions.

2a ... Read through the questions with the class. Play recording 3.8 and get 5s to answer the questions. 5s should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedba ck.

b.

Play recording 3.6 and get 5s to underline the stress each word. 5s check their answers as they listen. After 5s check their answers in pairs, get class feedba ck. Get 5s o repeat the words with correct pronunciation.

Answ.ri: 1 He hated it and he couldn't do it. 2 He's studying Maths because he needs a Maths qualification in Older to be a History teacher. J that studying hard and passing exams give you more choice in Ufe

b... Read through the half sentences with the class, checking they understand the phrases. 5s choose one half sentence and complete it to make it true for them.

e. 4&. Get 5s to work in pairs and decide which words ave the main stress. Encourage them to say the sentences to each other to listen to where the stress is. Do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

Get 5s to work in pairs and compare and discuss their sentences. Get brief class feedback by asking a few 5s to report ~ack about their partner's sente nce.

3 ... Read through the three explanations with the class. Then get Ss, in pairs, to read the quotes and match two of the quotes to each explanation. Get class feedback,

b. Play recording 3,7 and get 5s to check their answers. Get whole class feedback. You could get 5s to repeat the sentences focu ssing on correct sentence stress.

:h

.Ci.:

The stressed words are: 1 Career dn'I'lopment important 2 longest important lilendshlp childhood J pollution nelghbourflood .. weaknesses forgetfulness 5 ~entlsts mu!!clans 6 communiS!tion essential successful re!!tionshlp

Answers: A 'History is a useless ... .' 'History is more or less bunk _.. B 'History teaches everything ... .' 'Whoever wishes to foresee ... .' C 'learning history is easy; ... .' 'To be Ignorant ... .' 4'" Get 5s, in pairs, to choose one quote in Ex. 4. discuss if they agree with it or not and give examples and reaso ns to justify their opinions. Regroup Ss into larger groups to continue the discussion, finishing with a whole class discussion about one or two quotes,

Notes tor using the Common European Framework (CEF')

Review and praotioe Answers: 1 We had been walking for twenty minutes when it started to rain. 2 Did you remember to bring that book yesterday? 3 When I got to the party. Jack had already gone home. 4 Correct. 5 While

Cristina was silting on the bus, someone stole her wallet. 6 Correct. 7 Someone finally answe red the phone after I'd been waiting for ten minutes.

2> Answers: 1 had been working/wasn't necessary 2 were you doing/ was 3 got/had been stolen '+ was dOing 5 arrived/ had wrapped 6 Had you been learning

3> Answers:

t

She lives in Alexandra Road. It's not far

from Ihe post office. are reserved.

2 People say that the British

3 I'm not sure but I think I'd like to

be!!! architect when I grow up.

'+ Don't forget your

suncream. The sun is very strong today. 5 Correct. 6 We stayed at ! very nice hotel in Barcelona. 7 That was one of the best books I've read for ages. 8 Shall we sit in the garden for a while?

4> Answers: ta badly b bad 3a perfect b perfectly

2a careful

b carefully

5> Answers:

t

enormous

2 incredibly

3 quickly

'+ completely 5 surprisingly 6 certain 6> Answers: t stretchy -4 itchy 2 head -4 breath 3 fashion -4 trendy I fashionable '+ of -4 in 5 while -7 during 6 time -7 hand 7 on -7 in 8 that -7 then

CEF References ] .1 Can do: write a short story CEF 82 descriptor: Can write dear, detailed descriptions of real or imaginary events and experiences, marking the relationship between ideas in dear co nnected tex t, and foHowing established conventions of the genre concerned. (CEF page 62) ] .2 Can do: talk about materials, possessions and inventions CEF 8 2 descriptor: Can give dear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of sabjects related to his/ her field of interest. (CEF page 59) ] .] Can do: give a presentation about a place CEF 82 descript or: Can give a dear, systematically developed presentation, with highlighting of significant points, and relevant supporting detail. (C EF page 60)

CEF quick brief The Common Eu ropean Framework describes itself as 'a common basis for the elaboration of la nguage syllabuses, curriculum guidelines. examinations, textbooks, etc'. It is not intended to be a definitive description of what to teach but it is designed to offer a 'framework' which the user can build on. In addition it believes that la nguage learning can be measured not by how much grammar or vocabulary a learner knows, but by what a learner can achieve with the language that they know. Gramma r and vocabulary are only important in terms of what they empower a learner to do. This is an 'action·oriented' approach to language.

Portfolio task Downlood the Tarof English Portfolio free from www.iongmon.com/totoienglish. Objective: help 5s to complete the record of their 'language qualifications' as well as their 'language and cultural experiences' sections of thei r Passport. This task can be done in 5s' own language.

1" Remind 5s that their Passport enables them to demonstrate their relevant experiences and qualifications.

2 " Explain that recording language qual ifications and considering language and cultural experiences are important in this. The Total English Portfolio has two separate sections for 5s to give information about these. 3" Give some examples of your own relevant qualifications and experiences (exams, certificates. exchange trips, holidays, courses, friends with that first language, etc) . 4 " Ask 5s to write a list of their own relevant experiences and show a partner. 5 "

Ask 5s to complete these sections of their Passport.

6" Remind 5s that they can update this at any time.

4.2 Run free Free running or 'Parkour' is the fast-growing extreme sport that turns everyday urban landscapes into obstacle courses. It began in 1987 in Paris. where two bored teenagers. Sebastien Foutan and David Belle decided to make life more Interesting. They developed a series of moves including climbing up buildings, swinging round lamp posts, leaping over anything. Their hobby grew and grew, becoming a global phenomenon. In 2001, a film was made about free running and the UK· based parkour website gets 10,000 hits a day_ For more information go to: www.parkour.com

In this lesson, Ss read and listen to instructions about how to do some physical movements and relaxation exercises. They then practise instructing each other. Ss then read an article about 'free running' and discuss their reactions to il. They finish by focussing on the grammar of obligation in the present and the pasl.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of phYSical movement by playing a quick game of'Slmon says' with parts of the body. Briefly, remind Ss of the rules (You have to do what the teacher says, if he/ she starts by saying 'Simon says', tf he/ she doesn't say 'Simon says', however, you mustn't do what he/ she says and if you do, you're OUI.) Tell Ss to do things, e.g. touch your shoulder, lift up your left knee, put your hand on your partner's right foot.

Vocabulary 1.... Get 5s to work in pairs and match the drawings to the verbs In the box. You could give them dictionaries to help. Remind them to do the easier ones first and then move on to the more difficult ones. Get whole class feedback.

oM",

I) strotch b) beM c) roll d) e) lean f) lelp g) tuck h) ballnce 0 lind

_

Dflip

2a.... Focus 5s on the drawings and tell them that these moves are part of an extreme sport called 'free running'. Get them to complete the descriptions of the three moves with verbs from Ex. 1. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

~

4a.... Divide 5s into pairs. Tell Student As to look at the pictures and read the instructions on page 148 and Student Bs to look at the pictures and read the instructions on page 149. b.... Get 5s to work in pairs (one A and one B). Tell them to explain their moves to each other and check that they are doing it correctly. Remind 5s not to show the pictu res to each other (until the end) as the idea is to practise giving and understanding instructions.

Reading OPTIONAL WARMER Ask Ss to remember the three moves involved In 'free ru nning" that they read about In Ex. 2, without looking back if possible. Get Ss to name the moves and describe them to each other. Ask Ss to work in pairs and speculate on this question : Q: Wh.t do you n~ to do to be .ble to do free running successfully? Get brief whole class feedback by asking for some of their ideas.

15.... Get 5s to read the text quickly and answer the question. Remind them not to worry about understanding the whole text at this stage, but just to answer the question . Get Ss to check their answers in pairs. Get whole class feedback. If you did the optional warmer, check if any of their answers were correct. h •• ,rs: To roll, to lind and to suppress Iny last-minute doubts or fears.

6.... Ask 5s to read the article and decide If the statements are true or false. If they are false, encourage Ss to correct them. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class fee dback. 2 True J f .... (Ii IfOUP whkh Iat."plft) 4 Flise (foucon b surprised) 5 True 6 False 7 Flise (Ind couldn't walk for nine _ ) 8 True 9 Flise (It's 1
• •"1 1 True

7.... Get Ss to fin d words in the text which mean each of the definitions. Remind them that the paragraph number is given. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

~_"_d_4__~_I____-J11Ir~;;;;~;';-;~-;~~~~;;;;';-l Ai•• Vlull :z opt 3 setback 4 momentum

__ __"_'7 __ ' _U_M __3__ 5 ____ tuck '_'_oM 6 lean tuck L b....

Ua: 1

5

<1_

6 rItId

Get 5s to work in paIrs and discuss the questIon. Get brief whole class feedback.

8.... Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small

Listening and speaking

groups. Encourage them to give reasons to justify their opinions. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three Ss to report back about their group's opinions.

3.... Tell 5s that they are going to listen to someone giving instructions on how to do a relaxation exercise. Play recording 4.2 and tell 5s to follow the Instructions and do the exercise they hear.

Grammar

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You might feel that your Ss could benefit from some pronunciation work here. Get Ss to look again at the sentences in the Active grammar box andl or Ex. 9a. You could ask them to find which parts of the verb forms are weak forms (to and have are often weak forms).

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD· IN Write these sentences about 'free running' on the board and ask Ss to complete them. If you think they need more help. you could give them these options to make It easier (must, have to, don't hove to, should, are supposed). Remind Ss that more than one option may be possible. Get Ss to check answers in pairs. Do not get whole class feedback but get 55 to check their answers in the Active grammar box.

You could also point out where words run together (must learn - we often drop the 't' in natural speech; supposed to - the 'd' and 't' run together).

You ." know how to land properly.

lOa.... Tell Ss that the paragraph is about 'whitewater rafting' and check Ss understand what this is (an extreme sport where people canoe down the fast parts of rivers). Tell Ss that Ihe words in the box are missing from the text and that they should find where each one should go. Ss should check their answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

You ..• learn how to roll.

You ... get permission to run ocross certain buildings. You ... wear special clothes.

You ... to do it in groups. . . . Get Ss to match each example 1-5 In the Active anmmar box with one of the meanings A-E. Ss should ClllKk answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Fwther checking of meaning comes in Ex. 9(.

(

Acttve grammar l02C3 E 4 A S B

Get whole class feedback if necessary as a final check.

)

'--.----~ .... Get Ss to work in pairs to complete the examples HO in the Active grammar box. Students have to put the 5I!fttences in the past. Get whole class feedback.

Acttve grammar 6 We should have known how to land properly. 1 We had to learn how to roll. 8 We had to get permission to run across certain

buildings. 9 We didn't have to wear special clolhes. 10

We were supposed to do it in groups.

C " Get Ss to work in pairs and decide if there is any Merence in meaning between each pair of sentences, _ to explain what they are. Get whole class feedback.

~

II somethinS the speaker feels is necessary to do;

~;~ somethlne else is fortine the speaker to It Is not necessary to wear a t'e; b) means IJOOd klea to wear a tie a similar meanll1l have a similar meanlnl It was not necessary to run for the train It was done); b) means that we did run and It was not necessary

-,

b.... Play recording 4.3 and get Ss to check thei r answers.

'One of the best thinKS we did on holiday was to go whitewater rafting. However, I was a bit nervous at first when Ihey told us we had to sign somethlns which basically said we wouldn't hold the company responsible If we got Inlured or diedl Anyway. the IVY in charge of our boat gave us some Instruction before we started off. We had to wnr llfelackets of course but I was quJte surprised that we dldn' have to wear any kind of crash helmet. We were also supposed to wear trainers but I'd forgotten mine SO I had to wear my sandals. Analty.. we got going and the whole thing was fantastic. There were eight of us In a bolt and there realty was a 101 of 'white water'. It was a bit like being on a rollercoaster and I nearty felt in at one point. The one thing I'm sorry about is that I didn't set any photos. I should have taken my camera but I was afraid I would drop it in the water.'

Person to person 11.... Gel Ss to look at the list of things and make some notes to prepare what they are going to say. Ss should work in pairs and lell each other one thing for each. OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE Get Ss to prepare what they are going to say and then sland up and mingle and tell different Ss about each thing.

"--'s:

t yes 2 risk 1 he doesn't put a promising young boxer up for a big championship Dghl "because she's • WOII'IIn 5 no 6 he becomes emotional attached to both

4.3 MlJlion dollar risk Clint Eastwood was born in Los Angeles in 1930 and is a legend in the world of international movie stars. Some of his most famous films (pictu red) are A Fistful of Dollars (1964), Dirty Harry (1971), Every Which Way but Loose (1978), Bridges of Madison County (1995) and Million Dollar Baby (2004) . For

more information on Clint Eastwood. go to; http://www.imdb.com/na mel nmOOO014 2/ Mil/ion Dollar Baby was directed by Clint Eastwood and won several Oscars including Best Picture. Eastwood stars in the film as boxing trainer frankie Dunn who, because of a pa inful relationship with his daughter, has been unwilling to let himself get close to anyone for a very long time. Then a determined young woman called Maggie (played by Hilary Swank) walks into his gym and wants him to take her on. The last thing Frankie needs is that kind of responsibility or that kind of risk. but he is won over by Maggie's sheer determination.

2'" Get 5s to work in groups. If 5s know the film Million Dol/or 8aby, they should follow the instructions in part 1. If they don't. they should follow the instructions in part 2 .

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD·IN Write these sentences on the board . Get Ss to work in pairs and decide which sentence in each pair is 'stronger' than the other and why. You do not need to do feedback at this stage (as Ss will look at these sentences in the Active grammar box). At: I like Clint Eastwood. A2: I do like C/lnt Eastwood.

in this lesson. 5s listen to two people discussing Million Dollar Baby. focussing on the theme of risk that runs through

B1: It was much better than that. B2 : It was much, much better than that.

the film. 5s then fo cus on the grammar of emphasis, including using repetition, adding emphasising words Oike so, such, just, really). using the structure ' ft is ... which ... ' and adding an appropriate form of ·do'. 5s also get a chance to practise comparing and contrasting two photos.

(1: There are so many different themes running through the lilm. (2: There are many different themes running through the film.

01 : It's the film I've enjoyed the most this year. 02 : I' ve enjoyed thor film the most this year.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce 5s to the topic of films, Q: Which type of film In each pair would you rather

watch and why? 1 A cowboy film or a science fiction film? 2 A romantic film or an adventure film?

3'" If you did the optional wa rm er, get 5s to cheek that the sentences in the Active grammar box are the ones which are 'stronger' or have emphasis. Get 5s to match the examples 1-4 in the Active grammar box with the ways of emphasising A-D. Get whole class feedback.

3 A comedy drama or a tear·jerker?

"A psychological drama or a horror film? You could also ask 55 about recent films they have seen and favourite stars in each of the categories above.

Listening la'" Focus 5s on the photos and get them to discuss the question in pairs. Get whole class feedback.

AnswMs: Clint Eastwood was Involved In all of them. acting or directing or both. (Names and dates of the Hlms art In the Infonnatlon abeNe).

b...

Play recording 4.4 and get 5s to say which of the films in the photos the people are talking about. Briefly check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: MIllion Dollor Baby

C'" Read the questions through with the class. Play recording 4.4 again and ask 5s to answer the questions. 5s should chec k answers In pairs. before getting whole class feedback.

(

Active grammar 1 0 2 A 3 B 4 C

J

'------~

4a'"

Get 5s to join the two halves of the sentences by adding do. does or did for emphasis. You may need to remind 5s that the form of the verb may change (to the infinitive form). 55 should their answers in pairs, but do not get whole class feedback at this stage. _ _ _ 2 I did send you a messqre this

-.Inl- 3 They do Ike oysters. 4 He dld opoIosIse for betn. so late. 5 You did realise they were married. dldn' yo.1 6 SIlo daes need some help _ her homework. 7 I do understand how you _ fetUn&.

tia'" Play recordi ng 4.5 and tell 5s to listen to the sentences and underline the words/phrases that they hear emphasised. You might want to do the first one as an example to make sure that 5s have got the ·idea. 5s should check answers in pairs, and then get whole class feedback.

Jtsd •• l : l e : l t 3h 4' 5b 6. 7d 8f

SIIoIoIcIIlwoys _1<1 ~ 1 _ .... sow my _ yosterdoy. I dKJdtd to uk If I could borrow hfs MW MeKedes. She ruUy doesn't like the words to their new sonl . He wants to study socloloJy psycholop at

...........,.

--or

8a.

Get Ss to complete the sentences with one of the verbs from Ex. 7 in the correct form. Ss should check answers In pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AM • • ,,: 1 put

_.bOIL

tit broke the IrJtchen wlndow white he was ptayln.

b " Get Ss to rewrite the sentences in Ex. sa, by Wlinning each one with It, giving special emphasis to the IiOderiined parts of the sentences. Remind S5 to look back • example 4 In the Active grammar box if necessary. Ss should check answers in pairs but do not get whole class tMdback at this stage. Play recording 4.6 and get S5 to check their answers.

C"

--.

• was yeslerdly that I went.nd saw my doctor. • was his new Mercedes that I dedded to ask If I

J ,

lis the words to tMIr new sonl that she really doesn't like. Ills sodolOJY or psycholorv that he wants to study

It university. n was the kitchen window that he broke while he was pLlyins wfth a bait.

Person to p erson

61......

:I

find 3 run 4

.0....

5

turned

b.

Get Ss to work in pairs and ask and answer the questions, Encourage them to give details In their answers and to ask follow·up questions where appropriate.

Speaking OPTIONAL WARMER Focus Ss on the two photos. Get them to work in pa irs and ask them to describe the two photos briefly and say how they think they would feel about being in each situation and why. Get brief whole class feedback.

9 . focus Ss on the two photos and tell them they are going to listen to someone comparing and contrasting them. Play recording 4.7 and get Ss to answer the question , After checking answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. If you did the optional warmer, you could com pare answers with what Ss talked about. MIl snn: She wouldn't lMr.e to be In either situation because she hates lronlnl and she's also StarN of helpts and cllmblnl,

. ... Tell Ss that they are going to talk about one of the ..mgs In the list. Ask them to choose one and prepare b their talk by making a few notes about what they -ant to say. Encourage them to decide what points they part1cularly want to emphasise and how they are going to ., that.

l Oa . Get Ss to work in pairs and complete the sentences from the tapescript from memory. Do not get whole class feedback at this stage,

b.

b. Play recording 4.7 again and get Ss to check their

Get Ss to work in pairs and tell each other about the • g they have chosen. using their notes. Remind them to laY attention to what they want to emphasise and how.

OPTIONAL EXTE NSION You could get Ss to write one or two paragraphs about the person/thIng they talked about In Ex. 6.

Vocabulary 7.

You may want to tell Ss that phrasal verbs can be either grouped by topic (e.g. phrasal verbs about ~lationshrps). or by verb (e.g. phrasal verbs with toke) or, IS here. by particle (e.g. phrasal verbs with out). Get Ss to match the phrasal verbs in italics in the sentences to the meanings a-h. After checking in pairs. get whole class feedback.

~amed

answers.

.....IIS:

1. both :I can set/kind 3 somehow 4 Imqine how 5 much 6 milhl 7 iookJnl.n:er 8 Iooks/..... 9 also '10 eJther

1 1a. Tell 5s that they are going to compa re and contrast two different photos. First, read through the language in the How to ... bOlt with the class, Divide the class into pairs. Get Student As to look at the photos on page 149 and prepare to talk about them. Get Student Bs to look at the photos on page 145 and prepare to talk about them .

b. Get S5 to work together in pairs (one A and one B). Tell them to show each other their photos and compare and contrast them . Remind them to use the language in the How to ... bolt.

AI•• 1rS: 1 to make someone admire you :2 to choose or be made to do a difficult job without hIVing prepared for It 3 to be thinldnl so hard that you do not notice anything happening around you 4 Onfonnal) to become angry suddenly and violently. usually when thfie Is not good reason 5 a person who Is quiet but has strong feellnss or a lot of knowledge underneath

Vocabulary: Distances and dimensions In this lesson, Ss focus on the language of distances and dimensions.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write t hese abbreviations on the board : kg em I mm 9 km ml m. Ask Ss to say what they mean and put them Into the correct category: Distance, Weight. liquid capacity.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get 5s to think of a person or situation to illustrate an expression from Ex. 4 and describe it to a partner. Also get Ss to think about equivalent expressions in their own language and discuss what is the same or different about them.

Answers: Distance: em (centimetres), mm (miltimetres). km (kilomet re s), m (metres); Weight : kg (kilograms), g (gram s);

Liquid capacity: I (litres). ml (mitlilitres»

1a" Get Ss to work in pairs and check they know the words in the table. Then ask them to complete the table with the missing parts of speech, using dictionaries if necessary. Do not get class feedback at this stage.

b...

5 "" In pairs Ss chbose the correct alternatives using dictionaries if necessary. Get class feedback. AMwers: It distance 8 shrunk

Play recording 4.8 and tell Ss to check

their answers. Get Ss to repeat them with correct pronunciation.

AnswwrI: S depth

short 2 widen 6 lower

1

3 broaden

4 high

1

expand :2 extended 3 stretches 5 spreading 6 lencthy 7 contracts

6a"" Get 5s to work in pairs and prepare a story. The story must involve someone taking a risk and include at least five of the words/phrases from Us. t, 3. 4 and 5.

b.... 2 II> 5s complete the sentences with a word from the table. After checking in pairs. get class feedback. Answers: 1 width :2 depth 3 widen 5 shortens 6 low 7 broad

It lencthenlnl

3all>

Get 5s to work in pairs and discuss the difference between the pairs of phrases. You could give them dictionaries to help. Get whole class feedback by asking different pairs of 5s to explain each pair of phrases. Answers: 1 there Is a smail/ high chance that things will go wrong :2 a plan that extends a lonl time into the future/lust for a short period Into the future. 3 a call to somewhere near your home/In another part of the country or abroad. It a qukker, more direct way of going somewhere/a route which takes longer than necessary. 5 someone who Is willing to accept behaviour or Opinions that are very different from their own/someone who is not. 6 too thin (used In a nesatlve way)/thln in an attractive way (used positively). 7 someone not capable of serious thOUght/someone who Is.

b II> Read the example through with the class. Get 5s to work in pairs taking turns to describe a situation or a person to illustrate the words/ phrases in Ex. 3a. The other student decides which word / phrase is being illustrated.

4'" In pairs, 5s discuss what they think the expressions mean. Give them dictionaries to check thei r ideas. Get class feedback.

II

Get 5s to tell their stories to different 5s in the class. Get whole class feedback by asking Ss which story they think involved the biggest risk.

Communication: Take a risk In this lesson, Ss play an adaptation of 'Snakes and ladders.' During the game, plavers throw a dice and go round the board responding to various questions about the topics and grammar from the unit.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write these games on the board; Chess Snakes and ladders Monopoly Ask SS Q: 1 Whit Is the connection between these? (They are all board games) Q : :2 Whit do you know about them? (Chess: played on a checked board. The idea is to try to trap the other player'S King; Snakes and ladders: players must reach the end of the board first by trying to go up ladders and avoid going down snakes; Monopoly: The idea is to buy as much property as possible and earn the most money.) Q: ] Can you add any more? 1... Focus Ss on the game. Get Ss to read the ru les of the game. Then check they have understood the rules. by asking questions e.g. How long do you have to speak for? Get Ss to work in groups of 3-5 players and play the game. Monitor and make a note of mistakes you hear. Write them on the board and ask Ss how to correct them in pairs.

Bev1ew and praciioe

Notes for using the Common ~ean Framework {CEF

1_ AnswerS:1g

2d]b

4e

sa

6f 7h

Be

CEF References 4.1 Can do: write a diary entry

Answers: 1 What will we do if Ihe taxi doesn't come on time? 2 If I had been born a year earlier, I would have done military service. 3 What would you do If you were offered a better job? "If I am not home by IIp.m. my dad will be reatly angry. 5 I wouldn't have hired a car if I had known how expensive it was going to be. 6 If she works really hard between now ~ nd the exams, she will probably pass. 7 We would

have gone to the cinema if we had been able to find babysitter. 8 If I were you, t would go on a long

~

.-

holiday.

Answers: 1 You didn't have to wait for me. 2 I am supposed to take some 10. 3 I didn't need to get up early this morning. 4 We've got to be In our seats ., the theatre by 7.30pm. 5 You shouldn't have forgo tten Janine's birthday. 6 Did you have to do military service when you were eighteen?

AMwers: 8 such

..

-

t

it

2 so

3 just

'+ vital 7 does

Altswers: 1 work 2 elbow 3 dream 4 stretch 5 intense 6 heightened 7 shoulders 8 achievement

CEF 82 descriptor: Can express news and views effectively in writing, and relate to those of others. (CEF page 83) 1f.2 Can do: explain how to do something CEF 82 descri ptor: Can unde rsta nd and exchange complex information and advice on the full fange of matters related to his/her occupational role. (CEF page 81) 4.3 Can do: compare and contrast photographs CEF 82 descriptor: Ca n give clear, systematically developed descriptions and presentations, with appropriate highlighting of significant points, and relevant supporting detail. (CEF page 58)

CEF quick brief Chapters four and five of the Common Eu ropea n Framework set out 'reference levels' as a way to descri be someone's ability In language. There are six basic reference levels: AI, A2, Bt , B2, Cl, C2 which are designed to describe ability in any language, not just English, and are mostly written in the form of 'Can do' statements. Teachers, syllabus designers, writers, etc. can write and add their own statements according to the needs of thei r users.

Portfolio task Download the Total English Portfolio free from www.longmon.com.1otolenglish. Objective: to introduce students to the Biography section of Portfolio. This t ask can be done in 5s' I t. The second section of the Po rtfol io is t he ' Biography' . The Biography is for the stude nts to keep a more detailed and personal record of their language learning history, objectives and progress so that they ca n refl ect on successful as well as unsuccessful language learning experie nces and hence further develop thei r language learn ing skills.

1.. Explain the purpose of the Biography section of the Portfolio and its benefits. 1 .. Ask Ss to think about their language learning objectives and to make a list of these. Give examples of your own objectives in a diffe rent language to add clarity.

2" Ask Ss t o write details of t heir En glish language learn ing history b2 yea rs at schOOl, etc.) and encourage Ss to reflect critically on what has been successful and what hasn't been successful fo r them. 3"

Ask Ss compare their notes with a partne r before com pleting the relevant sections oftheir Biography.

Lead-in OPTIONAL WARMER Write the word risk on the board. Ask 55 which verb collocates with risk. Give them some options (e.g. make/ da / have/ take /set?J. (Answer: take a risk). Then playa quick ga me of word association. Ask Ss to work in pairs and list anything that comes to mind associated with the phrase 'take a ri sk'. Get whole class feedback and write the ideas on the board, gelling Ss to explain the association to 'take a risk' if necessary.

1'" Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss the question. If yo u did the optional warmer, ask Ss If they had thought of any of the ideas in the photos. Get whole class feedback.

Summary Lesson 1: Ss read an article about Ellen MacArthur (the

fastes t person ever to sail solo rou nd the world) and discuss their reactions to her. After reading shorl extracts from Ellen's diary, Ss discuss reasons forwriling diaries and blogs and write an entry of their own.

Lesson 2: 5s read and listen to instructions about how to do some physical movements and relaxation exercises. They then practise instructing each other. Ss then read an article about 'free running' and discuss their reactions to it. Lesson ]: Ss listen to two people discussing Million Dol/or Baby induding the theme of risk in the film. Ss also get a chance to practise comparing and contrasting two photos.

Vocabulary: 5s focus on the language of distances and dimensions. Communication : 55 playa game based on 'Snakes and Ladders', in which they go round a board by re sponding to Q'tIestions about the topics and grammar from the unit.

--., A:. skydiving is a physical risk (e.g. the parachute might not open or the landing might go wrong). B: people take risks financially (e.g. In the financial markets by investing money in stocks and shares. Their value could decrease as well as Increase). ( : buying a second·hand car could be a risk (e.g. it might not work and be a waste of money). 0: tightrope walking Is a physical risk (e.g. you might fall off). 2... Get Ss to work in pairs and decide which of the alternatives is not possible in each sentence. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Get class feedback.

Answers: 5 vast

t hazard 2 luck 3 gambie 6 Infatuation 7 hardly

-4 belief

3'" Read through the questions wi th the class. Play recording 4.1 and get Ss to answer the questions. After briefly checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Film bank.: Ellen MacArthur 6'10") All extract from a documentary about Ellen MacArthur and her record-breaking solo voyages around the world in a sailing boat. The documentary includes footage taken aboard her boat during one of the gruelling trips. There are interviews with Ellen about preparation for the trips, mental altitude, physical endurance, sleep deprivation and food on board _ Possible places to use this short film are: .. After Lesson 1 to extend the topic of Ellen MacArthur. .. At the end of the unit to round up the topic and language. For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 155 and Teacher's Book page 181.

Answers:

1 he went with a friend on a motorbike from 'the top of Africa to the bottom' 2 to go on a sailing expedition to the Galapagos Islands

4'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback, by asking each group to report back on their most interesting question.

EXTEND THE LEAD-IN Get SS to discuss these questions:

Q: In what ways do you think people can take these risks In their language learning? Do you think It is a good thing to take these risks? Why / Why not? Q: How often do you take risks In your language learning? Do you take too many or not enough? Why?

4 .1 Going solo Ellen MacArthur was born in 1976 and grew up in Derbyshire, in the middle of England. Her love of sailing developed from a boating trip with her aunt when she was eight years old and

3 .. Read the sentences through with the class and teU them each one comes from the text. Get 5s to read the text again and decide where each sentence should go. Remind 5s to look at the sentences before and after the gaps to help them. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feed back.

quickly blossomed into an all-consu ming passion. In 2001,

after several years of dedicated hard work, she finally got the sponsorship she needed. Impressed by her hard work and determination, a European company called Kingfisher

backed her with £2 million to enter the world-renowned Vendee Globe - a three-month solo journey around the world. Against the odds, Ellen came second and broke several records: the first female competitor ever to lead the race, the youngest solo sailor to ever finish and the fastest women to

circumnavigate the globe. Since then, she has broken several more records and in 2005 she became the fastest person ever to circumnavigate the globe alone, covering over 27,000 miles in seventy-one days, fourteen hours, eighteen minutes and thirty-three seconds_ For more information go to: http:// www.teamellen.com / In this lesson, 5s read an article about Ellen MacArthur and discuss their reactions to her. They then focus on the grammar of basic 'if' structures (first, second and third condi tionals). After reading short extracts from Ellen's diary, 5s discuss reasons for writing diaries and blogs and write an entry of their own.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the following words/phrases on the board: A on your own/by yourself B alone/lonely Ask 5s to discuss this question in pairs: Q: What Is the difference, if any, between these pairs of words? (Answers: A on your own /by yourself: both phrases mean 'alone'; B alone/lonely: alone means there is no-one with you; lonely means unhappy because you are alone or do not have anyone to talk to) Ask 5s to choose two of the words / phrases and write a sentence for each of them about themselves. 5s should then compare and discuss their sentences with other 5s.

Aftswefs:t O 2E

3C 4 F S B 6A

4 " Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking one or two 5s for their opinions.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could use this as an opportunity to get Ss to practise the skill of summary writing. First, get 5s to note down the main points of the text. TeU them to choose 3-5 points and remind them that they can look back at the text. Get them to discuss which points they have chosen with a partner. Then tell them to write a paragraph using their points to summarize the text. They could do this in pairs or individually. Remind them to only include the main points and not too much detail. If 5s need further help, you could give them an example for the first sentence: Ellen MacArthur is a young Brirish woman who hos broken various records {or soiling singlehanded around the world.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write this sentence on the board and ask 5s to complete it in as many different ways as they can, using the verbs have and soil. If I ... enough money; I ... round rhe world.

Get 5s to compare their sentences in pairs, encouraging them to explain the difference in meaning between the different sentences. (Possible sentences:

Reading 1" Get 5s to discuss the questions in pa irs or small groups. Get brief whole class feedback.

If I have enough money; I will 5011 round the world. If I hod enough money; I would soil round rhe world.

If I hod hod enough money; I would have soiled round the world.)

2"

Focus 5s on the photos and tell 5s they are going to read about Ellen MacArthur. Read the topicS through wit h the class. TeU 5s to read the text quickly and tick the topics that are ment ioned . Remind 5s not to try to understand everything in the text at this stage. 5s should briefly check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

5 a " Tell 5s to complete examples 1-3 i n the Active grammar box using don't, won't, would. hove and hod. After checking their answers in pairs, get whole class feedback. Active gramma r Would you be interested in sailing round the world, if you had the chance?

Answers: TopicS mentioned: Ellen's achievement; her

1

attitude to her boat; her boat's facilities; the qualities a solo saltor needs; the differences between sallln, in t969 and today.

2 If we had had all the modern equipment, it would have saved us time.

3 If you don't have an extreme mental toughness, you probably won't survive.

b... Get 5s to match the ru les A-C in the Active grammar box with the examples 1-). 5s should briefly check answers In pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

J

Active grammar ( ~._A~3~B~'~C_2________________________

8'" Tell 5s to read the extracts from Ellen MacArthur's diary and decide what is the main thing she wri tes about on Day 1, Day 3 and Day 4. Get 5s to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feed back. If you did the optional warmer, you could also ask Ss if any of their ideas were correct.

8'" Tell 5s to correct the mistake in each sente nce.

AnIwen; Day t: Her feelings about lemngland and dolnelhe race. Day 3: The problem wfth her finpi'

Ss should check answers in pairs. Then get who le class fHdback.

and her boat's speed, Day 4: The wind and roup

,. ".UII'I: 1 WII you phone me If anything 10" WlDng? 2 What wouI4 you have done If a nearby boat a..tn't pkked up your distress call? 3 You would feel • lot better about Ihlnes If you took a risk and left your .... 4 What would you Uke to do If you had some free dIM and money? S If I ....., . . . a year off to ~



across AfrIca, I wouldn't have met my

1IIIIband. 6 If you ... John, can you ask him

~he"s lOIn. to come parachutfng with US It the

~_eb~? 7 I wouldn't .............. you come If ~ known you ..... afraid of hoistll"

Person to person 7a...

Get 5s to work in pairs and think of three people they might see or talk to today. Ask them to tell each other .mat they might say to these people. Get brief whole class iHdback.

b ... Get 5s to work in pairs and imagine they had more time each week to do the things they enjoy. Ask them to

IMI. each other how they would spend that time. Get brief whole class feedback.

e'"

Get 5s to work in pairs and to think about major dKisions they have made in the past. Ask them to tell NCh other what they would have done if they had made a different choice. Get brief whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE You could get 5s to prepare what they are going to say for parts a, band c at the same lime. Then get them 10 stand up and mingle and tell their sentences to different 5s.

.....

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You might want to do some vocabulary work on the text. Gel Ss to read the extracts again and work with a partner to explain the following phrases. Then get whole class feedback. Day t: to sink in 'hadn't really sunk in' (to fully understand information or facts only gradually). Dav 3: to spurt out 'The blood spurted out' (when a liquid comes out quickly and suddenly).

Day 4: to leap 'leaping over each wove' (to lump high in the air, often over something).

9'" Get 5s to work in pairs and discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback encouraging 5s to give details and reasons for their opinions .

lOa'" Tell 5s to read the definition and answer the question with a partner, Get whole class feedback. b... Read through the questions with the class. Get Ss to read the blog on page t50 and answer the questions. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

AnIwIt"I: 1 As a way of keeping In tooch with famllyl friends and 15 a way of expressing thoughts

lla'" Tell Ss that they are going to write an entry in a diary or a blog. First they should choose what to write about from the ideas in the list or their own ideas. Then they should write some brief notes. b... Get 5s to write their diary entry or blog. Tell them to write about a hundred words and remind them that the style of a diary or a blog is personal and does not have to be grammatically correct all the time.

Writing Lifelong learning OPTIONAL WARMER Tell 5s that Ellen MacArthur writes a diary when she is on her trips. Get Ss to work in pairs and brainstorm the kind of thing they think she writes about in her diary. Get whole class feedback and write some ideas on the board.

... Read through the lifelong learning box with 55. Ask 5s if any of them has ever done this. If so, ask those 5s to talk about their experience and share their ideas with the class. Encourage 5s to get a specia l book and start keeping a diary in English.

Overview

Lead-in

Yoabutary: memory

OPTIONAL WARMER

GraMIIIII'; used to/get used to/would

Write on the board : 1940S, 1950s, 196os, 1970S, 1980s, 1990S. In pairs, Ss brainstorm events, famous people, styles of hair/ clothes, music, memories associated with each decade (e.g. 1960s - The Beatles),

YocUuI.ry: appearance Can do: describe appearance

G...........: expressing ability C.n dot talk about memories

Gl'lmmar. although, but, howtvtr,

1" Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss the questions in pairs, Get whole class feedback.

ntwlfhfless

Answn: Main photo: 1960s - style of clothes. glasses.,

YoCIbutlry: teeUnlS Cln do: talk about books

haircuts. that they are skelng on the ground, probabty at a musk festival. Photo 1: 19405 - b/w photo. style of clothes., fully c1oth~ on beach. donkey riding on beach. Photo 2: 19505 - style of dfcor/fumlturel clothes/ TV. Photo 3:19Bos - hairstyle, dfcor.

Idioms describing people Time capsule

b"

Get Ss to match the sentences with the photos, After briefly checking in pairs, get whole class feedback,

Summary lesson 1: Ss read an article about a man who has been living at the international airport In Paris since 1988. Ss also describe people's appearance, and write an email describing someone they met. Lesson 2: Ss lislen to people talking about photographs and their memories, and then talk about their own photos and memories from their childhood. lesson 3: Ss read an extract from the novel The Memory 80)( by Margaret Forster, discussing their reactions to the book and how they feel about memory boxes. Vocabulary: Ss focus on idioms describing people. (ommunlcation: 5s listen to people talking and giving advice about making a time capsule. Ss then discuss their own time capsules, choosing five things to put in.

Answers: 1 photo two 2 photo one 3 photo three ,. main photo 5 photo two 6 photo one

2a" Get Ss to work in pairs and to decide if the words in bold in E.... Ib are verbs, adjectives or nouns and to e...plain the meanings to each other. Remind them to look at the conte...t and give them dictionaries. Get feedback. AMwIt1: nostolgk: adj. - feel sUShlly sad when you remember happy events ,""mHr: verb -10 have In your memory people, places and events ~m/nd: verb - to make someone remember somethlnllhey must do memory: noun - the ability 10 remember thlnss.. places, experiences. memorable: adi.- very good and likely to be remembeR!([ {o~tful: adj.- often forgetting things ~mlnlsce: verb -10 talk or think about pleasant events in your past

Film bank: Home Road Movie (.4'11") A short computer·anlmated film about a father who desperately wanted the family car to make him a better parent. Made by Robert Bradbrook in 2001, it won some of the most prestigious awards for animation. Bradbrook says the film is 'a true story of my father and our family car'. He reflects on how his dad took them on motoring holidays of a lifetime and how In later years the holidays seemed less perfect and the car gradually became a painful vehicle of his affection. Their dad's struggle to be a loving parent had turned into a battle against rust. Possible places to use this short film are; ~ After Lesson 1 to give further practice of used to/get used to/ would, ~

After Lesson 2 to extend the topic of memories.

~

At the end of the unit to round up the topic and language.

For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 156 and Teacher's Book page 182,

b .. Get Ss to work in pairs and decide how to pronounce the words including where the main stress is. Give Ss dictionaries if necessary, 00 not get class feedback yet.

0"

Play recording 5,1 and get Ss to check their ideas about pronunciation. Get whole class feedback and get 5s to repea t the words with correct pronunciation. AnIwefs: no'stalgk re'rnember souve'nlr re'rnind 'memory 'memorable for'getful reml'nlsce

d.. Get Ss to write sentences that are true for them using the words in bold in Ex, 2, Ss compare sentences. 3 ~ Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs. Get class feedback by asking Ss to report what their partner said.

EXTEND THE LEAD·IN Get Ss to discuss the following: Q: What do you / your plrents/ gt1Indplrents reminisce about? Q: Which decade do you think was the most Interesting? Why?

11.1 A lost past The Terminal (2004) was directed by Steven Spielberg and stars Tom Hanks and Catherine Zeta·Jones. It tells the story of an Iranian-born man who flies 10 JFK airport in New York only 10 find he cannot enter the USA but cannot fly home either, due 10 the outbreak of war. This bureaucratic nightmare means thai he ends up totally stranded, living in the airport

for over sixteen years.

3'" Read the sentences th rough with the class. Tell 5s to read the text agai n and decide where the sentences belong. Remind them to look at the sentences before and after the gaps to help them. Ss should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AnIwers: A7

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss thinking about the topic of waiting (e.g. at airports, train stations) by asking them to discuss these questions. You could tell Ss about your own experience to get them going. Q: What do you like doing when you are waiting for a plane or a train? Q: What is the longest you have ever had to walt for a plane or train? Why did you have to walt so long? What did you do? Q: What other situations have you been In when you have had to walt a longtime? What happened? Q: Would you describe yourself as a patient person? Why/ Why not?

E 6 F4

G3

OPTIONAL EXTENSION If your Ss have access to the Internet, you could get them to do some further research on the life of 'Sir Alfred' and find out if his situation has changed now. They could then write one or two paragraphs about him and report back to the class.

neither allowed to enter, nor was he allowed to leave. So,

In this lesson, Ss read an article about 'Sir Alfred' and his life, his 'lost past' and his hopes for Ihe future. They then focus on the grammar of used to, get used to and would, talking about their own pasts. Ss also describe people's appearance, including writing an email describing someone they met.

01

4'" Get Ss to discuss the questio ns in pai rs or small groups. Then get whole class feedback.

The whole plot sounds like a fan tasy, but the film is based on the true story of Merhan Karimi Nasser; (originally from Tehran) who calls himself 'Sir Alfred', In 1988, he flew in to Terminal One at Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris. But because of a lack of official documents, he was since then his home has been a bench in a shopping mall of Terminal One. For more information about 'Sir Alfred' go to; hnp:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Merhan_Karimi_Nasseri and for more information about The Terminal go to: www.thetermina l·themovie.com

B5 (2

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD·IN Write these sentences on the board and ask Ss to work in pairs and decide what each one means. You could get brief whole class feedback but do not accept or reject their ideas at this stage. He used to sleep on 0 bench. He is getting used to steeping on 0 bench. He is used to sleeping on 0 bench. He would sleep on 0 bench.

5a" Get Ss to match examples 1- 4 In the Active gramma r box to the meanings A-D. After briefly checking in pairs. get whole class feedback. (

Active grammar

1D 2B 3A 4C

)

b ... Get 5s to decide which of the four sentences is true for Alfred (in the text). Get whole class feed back.

Reading 1'" Focus Ss on the photos and get Ss to discuss the

Active grammar

question in pairs. Get whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any of their ideas at this stage.

3 is true for Alfred.

2'" Read through the questions with the class. Get Ss to read the text and answer the questions. After checkin g answers in pairs, get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 Alfred is actualty Merhan Karimi Nassen. 2 He is self-suffklent. He never sleeps during the day, He keeps himsetf very clean and well groomed. He always eats a McDonald's egg and bacon croissant for breakfast and a McDonald's fish sandwich for dinner. 3 Alfred hopes that DreamWortts and Steven Spielberg will come and rescue him. 4 The journalist is partly impressed by Alfred and partty feels sorry for him.

6a .. Get Ss to choose the correct alternative for each se ntence. Ss should check in pai rs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage, ~ 1

didn't use 2 worttlng 3 I'm used to

"would 5 used to 6 get 7" Get Ss to work in pairs and explain to each other what each correct sentence In Ex. 6 means in their own words. 8" Tell Ss that there is one word missing from each of the sentenceS. Get them to decide what the word is and add it in the correct place. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

..

""I used to play a lot of volleyball when I was at sc.hool 2 I can' ~ u~ to my new boss. She's not very friendly. 3 Dkt you use to be so dose to your brother when you were children? "On Christmas he we would always SO to church. 5 We are slowly ptUnl used to IlvInSln the country but sometimes It feets a bit isolated. 6 We didn't use to be vegetarian. It's anty somethins we'Ve started doing In the last couple of months. I

Person to person 9 II> Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back on one of the questions they discussed.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to do some further work on used to/

get used tolwoo/d. Get Ss 10 choose a famous person they afe interested in who is now past his/ her 'heyday' and does different things from before. (They could choose one of these

11" Get Ss to work in pairs and correct the mistake in each sentence. You might want to do the first one as an example so they get the idea of the type of mistake. Get whole dass feedback.

""-

He's got short, black hair and a small moustache. z 5he's lost a lot of weight recently. She's quite. s1dnny now. 3 I like having a few .. wrinkles. I think it gives your face more ch.racter. • She's got spiky, blond hair and strlkinl blue eyes. You can't miss her. S Simon's changed In the last few yelrs. He's goinll bit ....d now. 6 She's • terribly elepnt and onty weirs the best designer outfits. 7 His hair used to be wry curty when he was I baby. 8 He always looks binned .nd he.lthy. I think he spends a lot of lime in the caribbean. I

12" Read the example through with the dass. Then get Ss to work in small groups. They should take turns to choose one of the categories and describe a famous person. The other Ss should try to guess the person as quickly as possible.

people: Madonna, Nelson Mandela. Mick Jagger,

Writing

Maradona or one of their own ideas.) If your Ss have access to the Internet, you could get them to research the person's life and report back to the class on how life is different for them now.

13" Get 5s to look at the pictures, read the email and decide which person is being described, underlining the relevant parts of the email. 5s should briefly check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Lifelong learning .. Read through the questions In the box with the dass and get 5s to discuss them In pairs or small groups, making notes about any useful Ideas. Then ask Ss to stand up and mingle and share their Ideas with other 5s.

Vocabulary

AMwIr: Third person down

14a .. Get Ss to work In pairs and describe the people in the other pictures in as much detail as they can. b" Tell Ss to Imagine that they have met one of the people at a party (not the one described in the email). Get them to write an email to a friend telling them what he/ she looks like. Remind them to give as much detail as possible.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get 5s to think back to 'Sir Alfred', who they read about in Ex. 2, but not to look back at the text. Ask 5s to work in pairs and write down as much as they can remember about his physical appearance. Get whole class feedback and write their ideas on the board. 10" Get 5s to work in pairs and 10 wrile the words / phrases in the box in the appropriate columns in the table. Give 5s dictionaries to help if necessary. You could also encourage them to check pronunciation in the dictionary. Get whole dass feedback. An_ HAIR: straight, curly. wavy. dyed.solnla bit bald, mousy. spiky FACE: wrinkles, de,n·sh,wn, round BUilD: muscul.r, stoc:ky.. bit OYtrwtlght. sUm, chubby GENERAl: ,ood·looklns, scruffy, ele,.nt, tanned

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get 5s to write about their own appearance and how it has changed. If possible, tell them to find two photographs of themselves - one recent photo and one from at least 10 years ago. Get them to write a desoiption of what they used to look like in the past, compared with what they look like now. You may want to do an example using yourself to get them gOing. You could show Ss two photographs of yourself (one present and one past) and elicit two descriptions.

&.2 LaaiIng memories ~

most people, old photographs often evoke strong 'TIOries. In this lesson, Ss listen to iii man called Simon 'ns about two photographs from his childhood. He OfSCribes the photos. as well as talking about the memories ..:I feeUngs they trigger for him.

Ss also focus on the grammar of expressing ability (past. ~nt. future and in general) and then get a chance to about some photos. including their own, if they want. ~ describe the photos and discuss memories from their C" idhood, Including things they could/ could 1'101 do. Ss also

about things they can /can'l do and things they would like

be able to do in the future . may want to get Ss to bring In their own photos In eparation for the speaking in Ex. S.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce the topic of photographs by asking Ss some

or all of the following questions. Q: How often do you take photogrlphs? Q: What do you gene~lIy t.ke photographs of and

why? Q: How good are you at organiSing the photos th.t you want to keep? What do you do with them (e.g. put them In .Ibums. frame them, keep them in •

disorganised pile)? Q: Haw you got any/ many photographs from when you were a child?

Listening 1" Focus 5s on the photograph and work in pairs. Tell Ss to read through the sentences, to decide which of them Kcurately describe the photo and to change the othe rs to Nke them true. Get whole class feedback.

.u.-.s:

1 True :2 Not tNf. The woman Is looking .aued and happy. ] Not true. The cat is to the side . . behind the child. 4 Not true. The woman Is wurt", casual sandals and a noral dress. 5 True 6 True 7 True 8 Not true. She's probably in her]os or .... 9 Not true

2" Tell 5s that they are going to listen to a man called Simon talking about this photo (which is from his childhood) to his friend Camilla. Play recording 5.2 and tel Ss to answer the questions. After briefly checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

AnswIn: t How much of the house dkt they tent? 2 Why did his motller employ Muriel? ] How tons did Muriel stay and look after Simon? ,. What was Muriel like? 5 How old was he when he could say his first few words? 6 How old was he when he could play slmp.le tunes on the plano reasonably well?

4&" Get 5s to look at the tape script on page 169. Tell them to work in pairs and to discuss what they think the words/ phrases might mean. Remind them to look at the context to help try to work it out. Get whole class feedback. Answers: t rambtins: havlnlan Ineaular shape and cowrinS a large area :2 pretty much to ourselvH: almost nobody else: used It (the larden) ] haven't chanpd a bit: am no different /I mess around : behaw in a silly way when you should be paying aUenUon or doing somethlnl sensible 5 a model child: • child who Is considered to be good because they do everything tMy should 6 reasonably well: quite well 7 apparently: you haw heard somethlnl is true but you are not completely sure about It 8 Shame really: you ate disappointed about sornethinll.e. tt's a pity.

b .. Get 5s to describe something in their past (e.g. a friendship, their Childhood) to a partner, using three of the words/ phrases from Ex. 4a.

Speaking Ii II> Get Ss to work in pairs and choose to talk about one of the photos on the page or one of their own favourite photos (which they could bring in to show to other 5s or which they could just refer to and describe). Get 5s to prepare what to say, includ ing details of where it is, who the people are, why it is a favourite and how it makes them feel. Explain that they can make up these details if they are talking about one of the photos on the page . OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to write one or two paragraphs about the photograph they talked about.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Ask S5 10 discuss this question in pairs: Q: Whit different wlys of expressing .bllity do you

• • •S$: 1

The woman is the child's nanny.

2

He

uys he was a [email protected] child. 3" Read through the answers with the class. Play recording 5.2 again and get 5s to write questions that are appropriate for the answers. Ss should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedba ck.

know? You might want to start them off by giving can and could as two ways (e.g. He can speak Chinese. I could play the piano when I was four.)

6a" Gel 5s to complete each of the example sentences 1-6 and ru les A-O in the Active grammar box using can, could, able, monoge(d) or succeed(ed). After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Active grammar able 2 could 3 manage 5 Can 6 succeeded

1

4 able

A Use can to talk about present or 'general' ability. B Use will be able to talk about future ability. C Use could or was/were able to talk about past or 'general' ability. D Use was/were able, manage to or succeed in to talk about ability on a particular occasion.

b~

Tell 5s that there other ways of expressing ability. Get them to work in pairs and decide which of the sentences mean approximately the same. If they need more help, tell them that there are four pairs which mean approximately the same and one 'odd one out'. Get whole class feedback.

Person to person 1 0 ~ Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Then get whole elass feedback.

OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE 7 ~ Tell 5s to find the mistake in each sentence and correct it. After checking their answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Get Ss to stand up and mingle and ask and answer the questions with as many different Ss as they can. Encourage them to think hard about question 5 and come up with something, however seemingly insignificant (e.g. I can wiggle my ears and nobody else can. I can count from one to ten in Chinese.)

Listening 11 ~ Remind 5s about Simon and the first photo he talked about in Ex. 1. Read through the list of differences with the class. Play recording 5.4 and get Ss to say which of the differences with the first photo he refers to. Ss should briefly check answers in pairs before getting whole class feedback. 8 ~ Get 5s to work in pairs and complete the sentences using the words in brackets in the correct form and one of the verbs from the box. Get whole class feedback. 12 ~ Play recording 5.4 again and then get 5s to read the summary and find three mistakes. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

13 ~ Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get brief whole class feedback by asking two or three Ss to report back on one interesting thing they talked about. 9 ~ Tell 5s that they are going to listen to Camilla (from the previous listening) talking about herself and her brother. Play recording 5.3 and get 5s to write notes about things Camilla and her brother were able to do as children and more recently. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

II

15.3 Memory box me Memory Box by Margaret Forster (published in 2000) is a novel about a young woman who leaves a sealed memory 00.l for her baby daughter before she dies. Years later, as a young woman herself. Catherine finds her mother's box 'ull of strange, unexplained objects, carefully wrapped and !RImbered, like clues to a puzzle. Finding out what the objects '1!presenl is her only chance to find out about the mother she 'lever knew. As she tries to solve the mystery of the box of SK/'ets. she discovers that her mother was far more (omplex,

s•.lfprising and dangerous than anyone had ever said. As the story of her mother's past unfolds, Catherine also discovers -Mxpected truths about herself. Margaret Forster has written

• number of other popular novels inctuding Hidden Lives, Precious Lives and Shadow Baby. For more information go to : www.amazon.co.uk this lesson. Ss read an extract from the novel The Memory &:uI: by Margaret Forster, discussing their reactions to the

:JOCk and how they might feel about making or being given a 'ntmory box. Ss then focus on the grammar of although, but. "JOWt'ver and nevertheless and talk about a book (or film). ~ribing the plot as well as things they liked and didn't like aut it.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce Ss to the topic of feelings. Either, bring some pictures of people with different feelings, or show a feeling on your face and get Ss to guess what the feeling is (e.g. bored, angry). Then get Ss to work in pairs and to brainstorm as many adjectives to describe different feelings as they can. Write the words on the board, checking that Ss understand all the words.

Vocabulary !bem to discuss in pairs how she might be feeling. Get brief whole class fee dback encouraging Ss to explain ~aso n s for thei r decisions but do not say anything about the book at this stage.

b'"

Read the words in the box-through with the class but ., not expla in the meanings at this stage. Play recording ~S and get Ss to match one of the words in the box with uch person they hear. Get them to check answers in pairs. The n get whole class feedback checki ng that Ss .xIerstand the meanings of all the words. optimistic 2 uninterested 3 confused .. Jelie¥ed 5 uneasy 6 curious 7 sceptical • excited 9 annoyed 10 suspicious 11 shocked 1

2 ... Get Ss to work in pairs and complete the se ntences with the most approp riate word from Ex. class feed back.

3'" Tell Ss to choose six of the feelings from Ex. 1 and to try to remember the last time they felt each of the feelings. Get Ss to work in pairs and to explain to their partner why they felt like that, giving details. You could get whole class feedback, by aski ng two or three Ss to report back to the class on one of the feelings they described.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could add a further vocabulary extension activity here. Write the following adjectives on the board and get Ss to work In pairs to match each one with a similar meaning in Ex. lb. Give them dictionaries to help and encourage them to check the pronunciation as well as the meaning. Remind them that the pairs of adjectives will have similar, but not exactly the same, meanings (e.g. suspicious - distrustful). -op,;;ehenslve ostonished comforted distrustful doubtful hopeful indifferent inquisitive irritated puzzled thrilled Answers: confused - puzzled; suspicious - distrustful; uneasy - apprehensive; curious - inquisitive; annoyed -Irritated; excited - thrilled; uninterested - indifferent; scepticol- dOUbtful; optimistic - hopeful; shocked - ostonished; relieved - comforted)

Reading 4a'" Focus Ss on the cover of the book The Memory Box and get Ss to discuss in pairs what t hey think it might be about. Get whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any ideas at this stage.

b ... Get Ss to read the extract quickly and decide who

1&'" Focus Ss on the picture of the woman and ask

tIM.,rs:

AnswtrI: 1 relieved 2 excited 3 uneasy • optimistic 5 annoyed 6 confused 7 sceptical 8 curious 9 uninterested 10 suspicious 11 shocked

1.

Get whole

Susannah. Charlotte and Catheri ne are. Encourage them to read qu ickly ju st to answer this questio n and not to focus on other details at this stage. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs before getting whole class feedback. AnIwIr'I: catherine Is the main character ('r In the book). Susannah is catherine's real mother (who died wilen catherine was a baby). Chartotte is catherine's stepmother (who died reum:ty when catherine was grown·up).

5a'" Get Ss to read the extract again and answer the questions. Ss should then check answers in pairs befo re getting whole class feedback. Some of the answers req uire a subjective response. so get Ss to explain thei r ideas.

AnswtrI: t People often Idealise the dead i.e. remember their good points and forget their faults. 2 She was sceptical - she didn't believe all the good things that people said about her. 3 He possibly ~t uneasy about what It might contain and the effect it misht have on Catherine. • (various answers possible) 5 (various answers possible) 6 curious. nervous. excited

b .. Get 5s to work in pairs and find examples in the text of five of the feelings referred to in Ex. t . Get them to explain who has the feelings and what causes them. Get whole class feedback.

S" Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback.

Grammar

b .. Get 5s to rewrite their sentences using a different expression of contrast each time. After checking in pairs, get whole class fee dback.

,Speaking lOa" Get 5s to think about a book or film that they have read / seen recently that they can remember quite well. You might want to get 5s to tell each other about the book/film briefly.

b..

Write the following words/phrases on the board. Get Ss to divide them into two groups and to justify their groupings. Get whole class feedback.

Read through the notes about The Memory Box with the class. Then get 5s to make some notes about their book/ film using the three things in the list. Remind them just to write notes using The Memory Box notes as an example.

and but although besides furthermore

C" Play recording 5.6 and get 5s to say if the person is

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN

however in addition nevertheless

(Answers: To express contrast: although, but, however, nevertheless

To express addition: and, furthermore, besides, in oddition)

generally positive or negative about The Memory Box. 5s should check answers briefly in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. ~ - . Genemly pos~1w

d .. Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and to tell each

7" Get 5s to look at the pairs of sentences in the Active grammar box and decide which one is correct, which is not and why. After checki ng answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

other about the book/ film they chose. Remind them to talk about the plot, things they liked and any criticisms, using their notes if necessary. They should also use the expressions from Ex. 9 where appropriate. You could get whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to report back on one of the books/ films they heard about in their group.

Active grammar (b) is correct. Although joins two clauses in one sentence. It does not begin a new sentence.

1

2 (a) Is correct. We do not usually follow but with a comma.

3 (b) is correct. However begins a new sentence and comes before the clause which Introduces the surprising or unexpected information.

4 (a) is correct. Nevertheless generally begins a new sentence.

8" Get 5s to choose the correct alternative in each sentence. 5s should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. ~ t

but 2 Aithoulh 3 Nevertheless

"but 5 althoulh 6 However

9a"

Get 5s to complete the se ntences in a logical way and the n compare them with a partner. Get whole class feedback.

........ - . : , The food in the restaurant was otremely aood. However. It was a lot more upens/ve than they thoulht It would be, 2 lUke 'ane very much but she can be very seiRsh. :3 I reaUse thai you haw worked for this company for many years, NewrtheIas. we have to make some cutbacks. decided to buy lhe house although aU our ITIends laid us we were mad.

"We

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to write a short review of the book or film they talked about. Remind them to divide their writing into four paragraphs: 1 the plot 2 things they liked 3 any criticisms 4 overall opinion/conclusion.

Lifelong learning .. Read through the lifelong learning box with the class. Encourage 5s to go and choose a reader, either by going to the school library, or if your 5s have access to the Internet, you could get them 10 go to www. penguinreaders.com.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION When they have chosen and read a book, they could do a short presentation about it for the class (similar to Ex. 10). 5s could recommend books to each other and in this way you could start a ki nd of'book club' in the class .

Vooabulary: idIoms deaorlbiDg people this lesson. Ss focus on Idioms describing people (e.g. a mid (ish. 0 poin in the neck, Q high·flyer).

OPTIONAL WARMER

Write these expressions on the board and lell Ss they are atlldJoms for descrIbIng people. 1

He's Q bit o{ Q loner.

2 He's 0 real know·oll.

3 He's 0 hlgh·flyer, 4 He's Q poln in the neck. S He's on owkward customer.

CommunicaUon: TIme capaule TIme capsules have become more popular in recent years as a way of 'leaving your mark on the future'. People choose items which somehow represent their lives or the world in the present time. These are then put In a special sealed container and buried for future generations to find. Time capsules preserve relevant facts and features of history and can serve as valuable reminders of one generation for another. In this lesson. Ss listen to people talking about making a time capsule and giving advice about how to do it and what to put in. Ss then discuss their own time capsules, choosing five things to put in.

Get 5s 10 work In pairs and to discuss what they think

tach expressIon means. Then get them to look at the cartoon pictures in Ex. 1 and match each one to the

correct expression. Picture A:q Picture 8:2 Picture (:5 Picture D:1 Picture E:3

1. Get Ss to match the underlined expressions 1-8 with the correct meanings a-h. If you did the optional warmer, you might want to suggest that Ss do those they discussed first. Ss should check answers in pa irs. Then 1ft whole class feedback.

[ a, ,,,,,I) ••)

,b)

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss to discuss these questions: Q: Wh.t object h.ve you got th.t h.s sentiment.1 value? Q: If there was a fire In your house and you could only save one thing, what would It be and why? Q: Which one object of yours would you like your children or grandchildren to keep and why? Q: In fifty years' time, what everyday objects do you think will be completely different from now?

111> focus 5s on the photo and advert and get them to discuss Ihe question in pairs. Get class feedback.

711)8.)

~:

211> Get 5s to complete the sentences. Tell 5s not to look .t the expressions In Ex. 1 but 10 try to remember them. 5s need to write between one and four words in each gap. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. .... Lllfa:

,know·all 2 loner 3 hlgh-nver 1\ In

the nec.k 5 awkw.rd customer 6 In the right place 7 IS n.11s 8 fish

3&'" Get Ss to think about five people Ihey know who they could describe with five of the expressions from Ex. 1. Ss should not leU each other which expressions they have chosen at this stage. They cOlHd make notes about how they know the people and what they are like.

bll> Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups. Ask them to describe each of their people to the other 5s. They should say how they know the person and what he/she is Uke, but they should not say the expression. The other Ss should try to decide which expression from Ex. 1 is appropriate for each person. You could get whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to describe one of their people to the class. 4 II> Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and discuss the questions. Then get whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to work In pairs or small groups and to add two or three more Idioms for describing people that they know. Then get whole class feedback, making sure that Ss understand all the expressions.

They are punlng a time capsule in the ground to help future people know about us. (ThIs photo shows two TV presenters from the children's programme 81~ Peter, burying a time capsule In 1998 under the Millennium Dome In London. It cont.lns poems, stories and pictures done by children providing a snapshot or their lives as they entered the new millennium .

2 II> Tett Ss they are going to listen to someone talkin g about what she put in a time capsule in 1977. Play recording 5.7 and get 5s to make a note of five gene ral pieces or advice she gives 10 people who want to prepare a time capsule, After checking in pairs, get class feedba ck. ....rs:

1 Choose the material your time capsule Is made of carefulty e_l . aluminium or stalntess steet. so that It will Last • long time. 2 Make sure that books and papers .re printed on the hiShest quaHty paper so they don' det«kNate any l'ascer th.n necessal')L 3 Use black and white photographs rather than cc»our as they are more stable and last longer. 1\ Oon't use techno'olY which will become redundant Bener to use things thai only ~ eyes or hands. 5 Label the oulskie or the time capsule clearly with a permanent marker pen.

3all> Get Ss to work in groups and choose five things to put in a time capsule. Encourage Ss to look at the pictures and Ihe exa mples and to use their own ideas. Remind them to justify their choices bV giving reasons. b II> Get each group to explain Iheir choices to the other 5s. Get whole class feedback by asking which group had the best time capsule and why.

1~

Answers: 2 used to be 3 get used to not understanding 4 used to finish 5 get used to having 2~

Answers: 1 The party in the flat upstairs was very noisy. However, I managed to get a few hours' sleep. 2 I would say that Charlotte is my best friend although I've only known her for a few months. 3 I wanted to have a party this weekend but my parents weren't happy about the idea. 4 He is very unreliable. Nevertheless, she seems to be in love with him. 5 Sandra is a very good student. However, she will need to work a bit harder if she wants to pass her exams. 6 Although I had all the necessary qualifications, I didn't get the job. 7 I enjoyed the film but some of the acting was awful. 3~

Answers: 1 Do you think you will be able to finish the presentation by Friday? 2 They finally managed to get the car out of the mud. 3 I could draw quite well as a child. 4 He wasn't able to persuade the other employees to go on strike. 5 She didn't know how to make his camera work. 6 Did you manage to speak to Brian before he went home?

Answers: 1 relieved 2 clean-shaven 3 a bit of a loner 4 muscular 5 pain in the neck 6 confused

CEF References 5.1 Can do: describe appearance CEF 82 descriptor: Can give clear, detailed descriptions and presentations on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest, expanding and supporting ideas with subsidiary points and relevant examples. (CEF page 58) 5.2 Can do: talk about memories CEF B2 descriptor: Can convey degrees of emotion and highlight the personal significance of events and experiences. (CEF flage 76) 5.3 Can do: talk about books CEF 82 descriptor: Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest. (CEF page 59)

CEF quick brief Though the reference levels in the Common European Framework suggest that students progress 'vertically', from B1 to B2, etc., the Framework itself says that 'learning a language is a matter of horizontal as well as vertical progression'. This means that some learners might like to move from B11evel in a business context to B2 level in a tourist context. The CEF identifies four basic 'domains' that help to understand this horizontal language development: the public domain, the personal domain, the educational domain and the occupational domain.

Portfolio task Download the Total English Portfolio free from www.longman.com/totalenglish. Objective: to help 5s complete the 'important language and cultural experiences' section of their Portfolio Biography. This task can be done in 5s' own language. ~ 5s can further improve their language learning skills by reflecting on significant experiences that have helped them to learn another language or about another culture.

1 ~ Refer 5s back to the section of their Passport where they listed their language and cultural experiences. 2 ~ Ask 5s to choose the most important experiences that have helped them learn a language or learn about a culture. It can help to give examples of your own.

3 ~ Ask 5s to compare with each other and explain why they were important.



Lead-in h ••• "",.".,AmQllIIMl ~

Write on the board : Methods of transport.

......

Vol"2'1O:",uollo,_ _ ""'" ...,

VDaI

OPTPONAL WARMER , Get Ss to work in pairs and write down as many different methods of transport as they can In two minutes including more unusual ones. e.g. glider, rickshaw, camel. Get whole class feedback, writing them on the board, and making sure that Ss understand all the words.

'~WlIIIher

..-.....

ea ......... _ . - _

.......................,.. ..-. •••••

t11.1d.~1S

ea ....................._

...........

.....

Summary Lesson 1: Ss read an article about Charlotte Uhlenbroek, who spent over four months living in the jungle and talk ~ut how they would feel about doing the same. Ss also write an email describing an interesting experience. Lesson 2: Ss listen to people talking about going to the "'1!mote Himalayan country of Bhutan and then answer .:toestions and discuss two other un usual holidays. Lesson]: Ss read an article about emigration. They then discuss their opinions about emigration and compare cfifferent places and people. Vocabulary: Ss focus on expre~sions with go. Communication : Ss talk about types of holidays they like ~ do a quiz to find a good travelling companion. Film bank: Bhutan (4'32") An extract from a BBC documentary about Bhutan from the series Himalayo with Michael Palin who is well-known for his BBC travel programmes. The whole series involved six months of hard travelling and took Palin through India, Nepal, Tibet and Yunnan to China, before recrossing the Himalayas to Bhutan. Possible places to use this short film are: ... After lesson 2 to extend the topic of Bhutan. ... At the end of the unit to round up the topic and language. For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 157 and Teacher'S Book page 183.

1'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pai rs or small groups. Get whole class feedback . 2'" Read through the questions with the class. Play recording 6.1 and get Ss to answer the questions. Ss check answers in pairs. Then get class feedback. Answers: 1 She saw her friend's holiday photos. 2 To learn Spanish and get used to being away from home. J She found it hard because she experienced culture shock. everything was very different, lots of things went wrong and she was homesick. 0\ She loved It.

3a'" Get Ss to read the sentences before they listen . Play recording 6.2 and Ss complete the expressions. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 Itchy 2 territory 3 independent 4 wandering S bug 6 culture

b ... Get Ss to work in pairs and check the meanings of the expressions in Ex. 3a. Give them dictionaries to help. Get whole class feedback . Answers: 1 to have Itchy feet: to want to go somewhere new or do something different 2 to go into uncharted territory: to go to a place which is qu ite unexplored. where there are few. if any, maps 3 to go as an independent traveller: to travel on your own not as part of an organised group or tour 4 to wander around: to walk slowly around an area, usually without clear direction or purpose 5 to be bitten by the travel bug: to have a sudden strong urge to travel more 6 to experience culture shock: to feel confused or anxious when you visit a place that is very different from the one you are used to

4'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback. EXTEND THE LEAD-2N In small groups 5s discuss the following, based on the methods of transport from the optional warmer. Q: Which of these methods of transport have you tried? What was the situation? Old you enjoy It? Would you do It again? Why/ Why not? Q: Which of these methods of transport would you most/ least like to try? Why?

6.1 The Jungle bug

------'

Dr Charlotte Uhtenbroek was born in England but grew up mostly in Ghana in Africa and Kathmandu in Nepal. After doing a PhD in Zoology, she went to Tanzania to study chimpanzees with the world-famous Jane Goodall. SincE! then, she has been part of several programmes for the BBC, including Cousins (about chimps), Tolking with Animals (about animal communication) and Jungle in which she explored the rainforests of South-East Asia, the Amazon and Africa. For more information. go to; www.bbc.co.uk/nature/ programmes/who/ chartotte_uhlenbroek.shtml

4'" Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs or small groups. Encourage them to give reasons. Get whole class feedback by asking a few 5s to report back to the class.

Gratnmar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write the following on the board : She's worked in the jungle

month. She worked in the jungle lost year.)

Then, write the following on the board : She's worked . She's been working

Ask Ss to choose which of these phrases best completes Iheifl: in three different jungles/in the jungle (or four months and to say why. (Answers: She's worked in three different jungles./She's been working in the jungle for (our months.)

OPTIONAL WARMER

You may not want to get whole class feedback on why each sentence Is correct at this stage, but to wait until Ss look at the Active grammar box.

Playa quick game of word association.

5 III> Get Ss to match the examples 1-4 with the correct rules A-O in the Active grammar box. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

(

Active grammar 10

Reading 1... Focus 5s on the photos and tell them that the woman in the picture is Charlotte Uhlenbroek and that she spent over four months in the jungle. Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

2'" Get Ss to read the text and answer the two questions in Ex. 1 about Charlotte. Ss should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AMlRrs: 1 thlnp she found dlfftcult: bel... bitten by Insects 2 things she wanted to do: hive Ion& hot showers. see her family and enjoy her favourite meal

3'" Tell 5s to read the text again and decide if the statements are true, false or we don't know. Encourage them to correct the false statements and give an explanation for the ones we don't know. Get them to check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 false (she fits In In both places) 2 false (she was worried the ropes would break) ) false (the sand nles were the Jtchlest) 4 don' know (It mentions 'tears' but we don't know If she cried) 5 don' know (they mlaht have done, but they also wanted to film the leeches) 6 true 7 don't know (there wasn't much water, but we don' know If It was dirty or not) 8 don't know (she enjoys Ntins with her family. but the text doesn' mention cooklna)

.

Ask Ss to choose which of these phrases best completes them: lost year/since lost month and to say why. (Answers: She's worked in the jungle since lost

In this lesson. Ss read an article about Charlotte Uhlenbroek and her experiences exploring the jungles of the Congo, the Amazon and Borneo when filming for the TV series}ungle. Ss focus on the grammar of the Present Perfect Simple and Continuous and talk about some of their experiences. They fin ish by writing an email to a friend describing an interesting experience.

Write the word jungle on the board. Get Ss to work in pairs and to write down as many words / phrases associated wilh the jungle as they can. You could give them an example or two 10 get them going (e.g. snakes, Amazon rainforest, sweat) . Get whole class feedback, making sure that Ss understand all the words/ phrases.

• She worked in the jungle

2 A 3 B 4 C

6_ Read through the rules in the Active gra mmar box

J

about just, yet and alreody with the class, Get 5s to correct the mistake in each sentence. (Questions 1-6 relate to just/ already/ yet, question 7 relates to since / for and question 8 relates to state verbs.) After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

- - . : 11 .... to the Brazilian rainforest In 200). 2 She's oIroody IIouchI her plane lickets. ) I've visited friends In Italy three times this year. 4 What ..... you been dolnlslnce 1last spoke to you? 5 Have you seen that film, Scrhdra yet? 6 He hall"" spok~ to the tour guide oI>out n. 7 been leamlnl Spanish,., two months. 8 Have you known elCh other lonl?

I'"

7_ Get Ss to complete the questions by using the prompts in brackets. Remind them to use one of the four verb tenses from the Active grammar box. 55 should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Ansars: 1 HIW you ' " ' belli to a Junste? 2 H... decIcIH where to 10 for your next holiday?

)'011

) How 1on1 ..... )'011 ..... studylna Enpish? .. What do you want to do today that you baveft"t done,..1 5 Where did you P for your last holiday? 6 How much coffee ..... you had .(rudy today? 7 H. . you ' " ' hail a bad Insect bite? 8 Where ..... yau ...... lIvIna for the last year?

Person to Person . . ... Get Ss to work in pairs and ask and answer the .-stiens in Ex. 7.

It. Tell Ss to choose one of the questions they asked ask their partner more details about it. You could get e class feedback bV asking two or three Ss to report ~ to the class about their partner's answers. _

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to write one or two paragraphs .oout eit her their own experience or their partner's

experience that they discussed in detail in Ex. ab.

l1a ... Tell 5s to read each mini-dialogue (AlB) first and then to complete it with the most appropriate adjective from Ex. 10. 5s should check their answers in pairs, but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

b... Play recording 6.4 and get Ss to check their answers. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 petrined 2 daunting 3 worried 5 annoyed 6 dlspstlnl 7 faSCinating 8 challenging

It Insplrinl

12a. Get Ss to work in groups and to ask and answer the Questions (A) in Ex. 11a with other 5s. Tell them to use the adjectives in Ex. loa and to try to give true answers.

b ... Get whole class feedback by asking 5s to say who

Vocabulary .... Get Ss to work in pairs. Tell them to fi nd the

has the most similar feelings to them. Encourage them to give details.

..r,tctives In the text on page 76 and discuss what they

they mean. Discourage them from usi ng dictionaries

lit this exercise and remind them to use the context -.nd the words to help work out the meaning, Get class feedback. making sure that Ss understand all 8lewords. 1 fascinating - extremely interesting - [rightenins in a way that makes you confident 1 challenging - difficult In an or enjoyable way It petrified - extremely espe<.iaUy so that you cannot mcwe Of think making you tHl slightly angry - extremely unpleasant and maldng you 7 - gfving peopte a tHUng of and do something great unhappy because you keep thinldng about that something bad might happen ... Get 5s to look at the words in context agai n and • choose the correct alternatives for the two rules. Get class feedback.

Get 5s to write sentences using the adjectives from IL ta. Ss should compare therr sentences in pairs. Then . . whole class feedback.

Pronunciation 10. Play recording 6.3 and get Ss to mark the stress . . each adjective. You might want to do the first one _ . example. After checking in pairs, get whole class flld:tack. Then get 5s to repeat the words. 1 fascinated. fascinating 2 ~ted. 1 challenpd, challenging "

5

~~7~'

6

8

OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE If possible, you could get Ss to stand up and mingle while they ask the Questions in Ex. 12a. Tell them to ask as many Ss as possible and remind them to make notes about the answers.

Writing 13'" Refer Ss to the Writing Bank on page 162. Read through the four summary sentences with the class. Tell them to read the email and to say which of the se ntences best summarises the email. After briefly checking in pairs, get whole class feed back. Answer:

Sentence 2

... Read through the Useful Phrases box with the class . Remind 5s that this language can be used but it is an informal email to a friend so there are no fixed rules about language to include .

14. Tell Ss that they are goi ng to write an email to a friend about an experience they had . Get them to choose one of the situations in Ex. 11a to write about and read through the paragraph plan with the class. Tell them to write an email using the paragraph plan, Maisie's email and the language in the Useful Phrases box on page 162. You could also encourage them to use some adjectives from Ex. 10 as appropriate. OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get 5s to read each other's emails and do some peer correction. Get them to check: • if the paragraphs are appropriately divided, • if the language from the Userut Phrases box is correct and appropriate, • if any adjectives are correct and appropriate. Encourage Ss to give each other constructive feedback and then to rewrite their email incorporating any comments. Then get them to reread each other's new versions.

6 .2 A magical kingdom Bhutan is a country of about 750,000 people in the eastern Himalayas. between India and China. It is a very private country where culture, tradition and nature are all flourishing. The Bhutanese people believe that all forms of life, human and non· human, are precious and sacred. People live in harmony with each other and with nature, creating a clean country,

3" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small grou ps. if necessary, remind them what 'experience culture shock' means. 00 brief whole class feedback.

Vocabulary OPTIONAL WARMER

were fewer than 6000 tourists and this number is not expected

You could ask Ss to speculate about the weather in Bhutan. Get them to look again at the photo and the map and discuss their ideas. Do not accept or reject any of their ideas at this stage but encourage them to explain any reasons for their ideas.

to increase greatly. No independent travellers are permitted in Bhutan; alllOurists must go on a pre· planned, prepaid, guided, package tour.

You may wa nt to tell Ss that they will come back to the topic of Bhutan (and its weather, amongst other things) later in the unit.

with a huge variety of plant and animal life and virtually no discrimination at aU. In order to safeguard this rich natural environment and peaceful culture, Bhutan has adopted a cautious and controlled approach to tourism. In 200). there

In this lesson, 5s read a short text about Bhutan and then listen to people asking for more information about the culture, the weather and what you can do there. 5s focus on the grammar of direct and indirect questions, and then ask and answer questions about other unusual holidays. They finish by discussing which one they would like to go on and why.

4 " Read the two questions th rough with the class. Play recording 6.S and tell Ss to decide which of the questions each or the three people is talking about. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 A 2 B 3 A

OPTIONAL WARMER Write these words on the board: Africa, Colombia, Europe, Austria, Asia, Australasia, New Zealand, Tanzania, South America, Chino. Ask 5s 10 work together and answer these questions: Q: Divide them Into two groups: Continents and Countries. Q: Which country Is In which contlnent7 Q: Add two more countries to each continent group. Get whole class feedback. (Answers: Tanzania is in Afrita ; Austria Is in Europe; China is in Aslai New Zea land Is in Australasia; Colombia is in South Amerlta)

Reading la .. Focus 5s on the photo and map of Bhutan and get them to discuss the questions in pa irs. Get whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any ideas yet.

b ..

Get 5s to read the text and check their ideas. 5s check their answers in pairs. Then get class feedback. Answers: 1 The environment Is very d ean, nature is flourishing and there is peace amongst the people with no discrimination. 2 Few tourists go because tourism Is strictly controlled by the government In order to preserve the peaceful, clean state of the country.

2.. Read through with the class the three thi ngs (a, b and c) that the 5s have to summarise. Tell 5s to read the text again and then work wilh a partner to summarise each of the thin gs. Get whole class feed back by aski ng Ss for their summaries.

II

PossIble .........1 a One of the main beliefs of the Bhutanese people fs that you shouldn't harm any kind of living thing, human or non-human. b The natural environment In Bhutan Is Incredibly dean and contains a huge variety of different animals and plants. c The few tourists that Bhutan allows have to come on organised trips, not as Independent travellers.

"---=----------'--'------'--_ _-.J

~a" Get Ss to work in pairs and look at the tapescript on page 171. Tell them to write the underlined words in the correct place in the table. Get whole class feedback to confirm which column each wo rd goes in but do not explain the meanings at this stage.

Answers: Oncludlng answers for sc) Cold: cool (a), chilly (a), subzero temperatures (I+n) Warm/Hot: mild (a), humid (a), humidity (n), scorching (a) lain: pours (v), showery (a), shower (n), drlzz~ (n+Y) Windy: breeze(n), breezy (a) Sky: clear (a), bright (a), OYelCast (a) Weather In.....,.1: changeable Ca) (a - adjective. n - noun, v - verb)

b .. Tell Ss to work together and explain the difference in meaning between the words in each column in the ta ble. Give the m dictionaries if necessary. Get class feedback. AnIwtfs: cool - low in temperature but not COld, often in a way that feels pleasant chilly . cotd enough to make you feel uncomfortable subzero temperatures - below zero or freezing mild - fairly warm humid - if the weather Is humid, you feel uncomfortable because the air is wet and It Is usually hot scolChln. - extremely hot to pour - to rain very hard showery - when tile weather has short periods of rain drizzle - light rain breeze - pnUe wind clu, - no clouds bright - sunny and Ught overcast - when the sky Is dark with clouds changeable - when the weather is likely to change, 01 changes often C" Get 5s to work in pairs and decide if each word in the table is a nou n, adjective or verb, and what other forms there are. Get who le class feedback.

f :la sen:

Grammar

See sa above

• • Get Ss to match one of the words from Ex. S with NCh of the sentences. Ss should check answers in pairs. ~n get whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD·IN Ask Ss to think back to the listening in Ex. 8. Tell them to work in pairs and try to remember as many of the questions as they can that the Bhutan expert was asked.

, 11'.,

1 mild 2 pour 3 scorching -4 overcast "showery 6 chilly 7 drizzle 8 subzero _feliJfUtH

7.

9 chanpable

10

bright

Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and discuss

-.e questions. Get whole class feedback by aski ng two or ~

Get whole class feedback and write on the board one direct question and one indirect that 5s can remember. Ask them what the difference Is between them.

Ss for their opinions.

Listening

11. Get 5s to work In pairs and comptete the questions in the Active gramma r box. Then tell them 10 look at the tapescript on page 171 and check their answers. Get whole class feedba ck if necessary. Check that 5s understand the difference between object and subject questions and between direct and ind irect questions.

OPTIONAL WARMER

Active grammar

Get 5s to write a list of everything they can remember about Bhutan and compare the list with other 5s. Get whole class feedback and write the list on the board. . . . Ask Ss to discuss the question in pairs. Get brief e class feedback. Tell Ss that the y are gOing to listen to a question .:I answer session with an expert on Bhutan and some MOPte who are considering a trip there. Read through the in the box with the class. Play record ing 6.6 and ~ Ss to answer the question. Ss should check answers i n .-s and then gel whole class feedback.

, .

t Wouldweneed ... ? 2 00YOU ... ? 3 ... doyou recommend? 4 ... Is ... ? S ••• goes ... ? 6 ... they are? 7 ... the food Is ..• ? 8 ... Ifthere are ... ? 9 ... whether we need ....

12a. Get Ss to correct the mistake in each question. (They are all direct questions) . Ss should check answers in pairs and then get whole class feedba ck. Answers: 1 Where .... you living at the moment? 2 Hu he ever been trekking before? 3 Who pw you those lovely flowers? -4 What time will you be here tomorrow? s Are you having a holiday soon? 6 When was this company started?

t the Ideal time of year to visit 2 what there 3 what to take -4 organised food 6 events/festivals ... Ask Ss to read through the notes quickly. Play .aNtling 6.6 again and get Ss to complete the notes. Ss dlleck their answers in pairs. Get class feedback.

b.

Tell 55 to change the direct questions in Ex. 12a into indirect questions starting with the words given. Remind them to think about word order. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback . Answers: 1 ... where you are living at the moment? 2 •.• if/whether he has ever been trekking before? 3 •.. who gave you those lovely flowers? 4 _. what time you will be here tomorrow? s _.If/whether you will be having a holiday soon? 6 ... when this company was started.

it's cold and snow makes travelling difficult 3 plants 0\ walking S sunglasses 6 food 7 camping equipment dIWJ 9 offer thanks to their gods 1

Irs very hot and often wet

Speaking 10.

Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small .-ups. Get whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get Ss to write a paragraph about the ~tival or celebration that they talked about in Ex. 10.

If they are interested in the topic. they could do a longer piece of writin g and perhaps bring some photos to illustrate it. They could then do a short presentation to the class.

13a ... Oivide Ss into groups (A and 8) and tell them that they are going to find out about two other types of holiday. Get Student As to write questions about camel trips in Egypt and Student Bs to write about bird watching in Mexico. Tell them to look at the list of ideas to help and encourage them to use indirect as well as direct questions.

b...

Tell Ss that they are going to prepare answers to their partners questions. Get Student As to read the text about bird watching in Mexico on page 150 and prepare answers. Get Student 8s to read the text about camel trips in Egypt on page 145 and prepare answers.

c.

Get Ss to work in pairs (one A and one 8) and to take turns to ask and answer questions.

14'" Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and discuss the questions. Encourage them to give reasons to justify their opinions. Get brief whole class feedback,

6.3 On the move Emigration is certainly not only a modern phenomenon. Over the last few centuries, many thousands of people from many different countries have gone to find a better life abroad. Emigration by British people to North America started as long

ago as 1585 and the first successful settlement there was in Jamestown in 1607. Since then, British people have principally emigrated to places such as the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand and more recently to Spain. Their reasons are many and varied: some were sent to work, some were sent as convicts (mainly to Australia), some were escaping hardship, famine and persecution and some were just seeking a beller

life. The trend 10 move abroad continues loday, with over 400,000

people from Britain alone leaving every year.

In this lesson, Ss read an article about emigration, including facts about what kinds of people emigrate and their reasons. They then discuss their reactions to the text and their opinions about emigration. Ss focus on the grammar of making comparisons, including comparatives and superlatives of both adjectives and adverbs. They then make comparisons about different places and people.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the word emigrate on the board and check Ss understand what it means (to leave your country and go to 1iV1! in another one). Get Ss to work in pairs and write a lisl of alilhe words you can make using Ihe letters of the word emigrate. Teilihem Ihal each word must contain at least Iwo letters and must not be a name. Give them a time limit of two minutes. Ask how many words each pair wrote down. Get whole class feedback and write the words on the board. (Some possible words: ate, gate, mote, grate, eat,

meat, great, rim, time, grime, rot, rate, mot, rig, gem, rom, gram, teo, team, tor.)

Vocabulary 1 ~ Get Ss to work in pairs. Tell them to match the underlined verb phrases with the correct definitions a-h. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Get whole class feedback. Answers:1C 2a

3b 48 Sd 6f 7h 8e

2

~ Get Ss to complete the questions with the correct form of a phrase from Ex. 1. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Answers: 1 leave home :2 see you off 3 set off S emigrated 6 moved hoose 7 are you off 8 roamed around

b ~ Then get Ss to work with their partner and to ask and answer the questions. Get whole class feedback and see how many of their predictions each pair got right.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could do some further work on vocabulary here, especially to extend Ss knowledge of phrasal verbs. Divide the class into group A and group B. Group A should look aillst A and Group B should look at list B. A: put someone up; set something oside B: put someone off;

set something up

Get Ss to learn the meaning of the phrasal verbs in their list. making sure that they write an example sentence for each one. You could give out dictionaries for this. Reorganise th~ 5s into pairs (one A and one B). Get them to teach each other their phrasal verbs. Encourage them to write their own example sentences for the verbs they learn from their partner.

Reading 4a~

Read the statements (A-C) through with the class. Get them to discuss in pairs if they think the statements are true or false. Get brief whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any of the ideas at this stage.

b ~ Get Ss to read the text quickly and check their answers. Encourage them to correct the ones that are false. Remind them to read only to check their answers and not to worry about other details at this stage. After briefly checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback. AnIwMs: 1 false (OYer 400,000 British people emigrate every year) :2 true 3 false (after thrH

years)

15 ~ Read through the summary sentences with the class. Tell Ss to read the text again and to match each paragraph with the most appropriate summary A-G. Tell them that three of the summary sentences cannot be used. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. Answers: 1 D 2 G 3 A '" ( (not used: B. E and F)

6" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Encourage Ss to give as much detail as they can and to ask further questions 10 keep the discussion going. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report on one interesting aspect of their discussion.

4 abroad

3a~ Tell 5s to look again at the questions In EX.:2 and to make a note about what they think their partner's answers will be.

PossIble..,...,.: 1 independent. determined, brave, sodable. lood at fitting in. pod .t IInguages. flexible in terms or wort

r

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could do some further intensive work on vocabulary from the text here.

Write the following words/ phrases on the board :

prestigious (para. 2); funding (para. 2); recognition (para. 2): appealing (para. 3); fed upo{(para. 3); romanticise about (para. 4); take {or granted (para. 4) Ask S5 to find them in the text. Gel Ss to work in pairs M\d answer these questions for each word/ phrase. You (ould give them dictionaries to help if necessary. but also encourage them to use the context of the text to help. 1 What

part of speech is it (noun, adjective or verb)?

8 ~ Tell Ss to complete the second sentence so that It means the same as the first. Get Ss to read the example and remind them to use between two and four words (including the word in bold). Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. My $lster learns foreign languages much 2 I'd prefer to Uve somewhere that u wet: u this. 3 Ten years ago I was .UIhdy leu.dftnlurous than I am now. "My Ufe abroad is much IImpl., than it was at home. 5 I think I should've planned my time on holiday IlION carefully. 6 My lifestyle here In Canada is •• pod u It was In England.

Answers:

1

moN HIlly than me.

lin,

2 What does it mean?

) How do you pronounce it? .. can you make a sentence using it that is relevant to you?

You could also ask Ss to find one or two more words/ phrases which they would like to remember and answer the questions about them 100.

,

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You mIght want to do some work on writing

summaries as an extension to the reading.

Tell them to write the four or five ma in points from the text in note form. They should then compare meir Ideas with a partner. Next tell them to write a paragraph including only these points. Again. get Ss to compare their summaries with a partner.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write these adjectives and adverbs on the board :

cheap. fast, hot. nice, popular, careful/y, sunny; well. badly Get 5s to work in pairs and to write the comparative and superlative forms for each one. Get whole class fftdback. (Answers:

cheaper/ the cheapest; foster/the fastest; hotter/the hottest; nicer/the nicest; mor~ popular/ the most popular; more carefully/the most carefully; sunnier/ the sunniest; better/the best; worse/the waISt)

Person to person 9a~ Tell Ss to write six sentences about themselves using comparatives and superlatives. They should write four true sentences and two false sentences. Encourage them to use different forms. including (not) as ... as and modifiers where appropriate. Remind them to use the sentences in Ex. 6 to help with ideas.

b ~ Get Ss to say their sentences to a partner and tell them to try to guess which sentences are true and which are false.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You might want to extend the topic of livi ng in another place and/ or doing something different and to provide extra practice of comparatives and superlatives. Get Ss to choose one of the following: (a) somewhere you might consider moving to (either in your country or in another country), or (b) something you might consider studying that you've never studied before. Then get them to (a) write notes about the positive and negative things about moving there, or (b) write notes about the positive and negative things about doing it. Then, tell 5s to work in pairs or small groups and to use their notes to discuss the relevant questions below with each other.

•Q: Where 15 the place you might consider mOVing to? Q: How sl mllarto/ dlfferent from where you live now

15 It?

7 . Get Ss to complete the rules in the Active grammar

Q; What are the positive things about movi ng there? Q: What are the negative things about moving there?

. . . Ss should check answers in pairs. Then get whole 0iIss feedback.

b

Active grammar tA adding -ef and -est 18 doubling the consonant and adding -er and -est Ie adding -r and -st 2A using more and most 28 changing the y to i and adding -er and -est

JA different 38 the same 4A the best

48 worse

sA small 56 large

Q: Q: Q: Q:

What Is the thing you might consider studying? Have you ever done anything similar? What are the positive things about doing It? What Ire the negative things about doing It?

Communication: Travelling companions

Vocabulary: Expressions with go In this lesson, Ss focus on expressions with go, including to hove a go, to go bock on and to be on the go.

I

In this lesson, 5s talk about types of holidays they like. Then they do a quiz to find a good travelling companion who likes/ dislikes the same things as them on holiday.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get S5 to brainstorm expressions and phrasal verbs

OPTIONAL WARMER

with go. Tell Ss 10 work in pairs and write down three expressions or phrasal verbs with go thai they know.

Write the following word s/phrases on the board (and/ or any other words /phrases from the quiz that you think Ss might need to check).

Get them to share their ideas with oth er Ss and

explain meanings to each other if possible.

a package holiday scuba diving a sleeping bag a penknife a romantic navel a tent on apenended holiday mosquitoes a souvenir 0 tropical disease

Get whole class feedback and make sure Ss understand all the expressions.

1" If you did the optional warmer, start by asking Ss to look at the expressions in bold. and check if they had thought of any of them . Get Ss to match the expressions with go in bold with the (orrect definitions a-j. After

checking answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. Artswers:lj 2a 3d 71 8g 9f toe

4h

Sb

6e

2'" Get 5s to test each other in pairs. Explai n that they should take turns to say a definition in Ex. t and that their partner should say the correct expression. Get 5s to read the example to get them going.

3'" Get 5s to choose the correct alternatives. Encourage them not to look at Ex. 1 while they are doing it. Tell 5s to check answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

4a... Play recording 6.7 and get 5s to check their answers. Get whole class feedbac k if necessary. Answw:rs: t have 2 away 3 saying 4 on S make 6 on 7 on a down 9 for to great

b ...

Play re cording 6.7 again and get 5s to underline the part of the expression that has the main stress. Read through the example with the class before they listen. 5s check their answers in pairs. After getti ng class feedback, get 5s to repeat the sentences in pairs. An...,.; Main stress: 1 10 2 away 3 saying 40n SIO 6back 710 a down 910 to lengths

5a'" Read through the three sentences with the class. Tell 5s that they are going to tell a story including one of the sentences and five of the expressions in Ex. t . Get 5s to prepare their story, maki ng brief notes if necessary.

b ...

Get 5s to tell each other their stori es in small groups. Get class feedback by asking 5s the two questions.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get 5s to write the story they told in Ex. 5. Remind them to include the sentence and the five expressions they chose and to organise their story into paragraphs.

II

Get Ss to work in Rilirs or small groups and to explain the meanings of the words/ phrases. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary.

1'" Get 5s to look at the photos and to discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback.

2'"

Tell 5s that they are going to try to find someone i n the class who would make a good travelling companion. Read through the introduction paragraph of the quiz with the class. You may also want to pre-teach the word dreod in question S. (To dread - to feel anxio us or worried about something that is going to happen or may happen). Tell 5s to do the quiz with as many different 5s as they ca n. Remind them that when they are asking the questions, they should make notes about the other 5s' answers. An d that when they're answering the questions, they should use the ideas in the quiz as well as their own ideas.

3a ... Get 5s to read the four descriptions on page 147 and to answer the questions.

b'"

Get 5s to work in pairs and discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback, encouraging 5s to give reasons for their decisions.

Lifelong learning ... Read through the lifelong learning box with the class. Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and brainstorm some more ways to continue learning while tra velling.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups with other Ss who they found would make the best travelling companions. Tell them to plan their ideal holiday, including details of where. when. who with, how long, activities. accommodation. You could remind them about the places they have learned about in this unit (e.g. the jungle, Bhutan, Egypt, Mexico) or encourage them to think of their own Ideas too. You could either get whole class feedback and ask Ss to report their ideas to the class. or you could get 5s to write a paragraph or two about their ideal holiday.

Notes for using the Common Europea.n Framework (CEF)

1. Answers: t I've been writing z saw 3 for 4 been 5 ever 6 I·...e lived 7 's been working 8 just

••

CEF References 6.1 C.n do: write an informal email

Answers: 1 He's already phoned me Ihree Urnes today. 2 We went to india for three weeks last summer. 3 I've just seen a really fantastic musical. 4 Have you heard the news yet? 5 I've been decorating Ihe living room all day. 6 I've known my best frIe nd since primary school. 7 Have you ever rud the Lord of the Rings books? 8 How long have

CEF 82 descriptor: Can write letters conveying degrees of emotion and highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences and commenting on the correspondent's news and views. (CEF page 83) 6.2 can do: ask and answer Questions about unusual places

you been studying English?

CEF 82 descriptor: Can engage in extended conversation on most general topics in a clearly partiCipatory fashion, even in a noisy environment. (CEF page 76)

Answers:

6.] can do: make comparisons about places and people

1

How long have you had your

motorbike? 2 What's she goIng 10 study at university? 3 How tall are you? 4 Can you reach

that box on the top shelf for me?

••

Answers: 1 Can you tell me what lime this shop closes? (Or: Can I ask you ...?) 2 j'd like to know if I can buy theatre tickets here. 3 Would you teU me what time you'll finish your homework? 4 Can you tell me what the most interesting country you've ever visited Is?

••

Answers: 1 much 2 worst 6 friendly 7 a 8 best

••

3 as

4 most

5 quite

Answers: t putting ~ setting 2 scratchy -7 itchy 3 make ~ have 4 of ~ with 5 speaking ~ saying 6 country -7 culture 7 to ~ on 8 away ~ off

CEF B2 descriptor: Can take an active part in informal discussion in familiar contexts, comme nti ng, putting point of view clearly, evaluating alternative proposals and making and responding to hypotheses. (CEF page 77)

CEF quick brief The reference levels i n the Common European Framework (At-{2) allow a correlation with common international exams as well as exams within a country or institution . This means that employers can have a more accurate idea of what a student with a particular Qualification can actuatly do. For more information see the introduction at the start of this Teacher's Book.

Portfolio task Download the Totol English Portfolio free from www.iongmon.comAotolenglish. Objective: to help 5s start using the Portfolio to assess their progress and priorities in English. This task can be done in 5s' own language. II> The Biography section of the Portfolio contains the Can do statements from each lesson i n the book. 5s can use this section to review and keep track of their progress. It is helpful to remind students to complete the tick boxes in this section at a regular intervals, perhaps at the end of every unit or at the end of semester.

1 II> Ask Ss to look at the Can do statements in the Biography section of their Portfolio. Show how the statements relate to the work they have completed i n their coursebooks.

2 II> Ask Ss to look through the statements at B1 level and complete the tick boxes.

3 II>

Explain that as they progress through the co urse, they will be able to achieve more Can do goals at B1 and will also start to complete goals at B2 level.

Overview

-~~;-----,

Lead·in

&raInaar: countable and uncountabte

YaalllII.ry: food and cookInl &no _ _ Vocabulary: verb phrases about money

Can do: write a formal letter of complaint G,....man howlgn sotnf'tlrlng done

-

Yocabullry: animal eltPresslons CIIn do: talk about servk:es

...

Can I help you?

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce Ss to the topic of 'excess' by getting them to discuss these questions. encouraging them to give details. Q: What's the most unusu. 1hairstyle you've ever h.d or seen? Q: Wh.t's the biggest me.1 you've ever eaten? Q: What's the longest you've ever gone without sleeping? Q: What's the most over-the-top exercise/training programme you've ever heard about or done? Q: What the most unu.!ual person you know or have ever heard .bout?

111> Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback.

Summary Lesson 1: Ss read an artide about Ihe film Super Size Me

and discuss their opinions about the film and junk food in general. They also listen to someone talking about how to make traditional British Christmas dinner and then talk about how to prepare a dish oftnelr choice.

lesson 2: 55 lislen to an Item of rad io news about selling things at auction. They then do a roleplay as customers complaining in various situations and finish by writing a formalleuer of complaint.

lesson 3: Ss read an article about how some people treat their pets as family members, ind ulging them with things like proper beds, sa lon haircuts, Jewellery and clothes. Ss also talk about their own attitudes to animals. Vocabulary: Ss focus on prefixes Including over·, under·,

mono·, multi·, bk Communication : Ss listen to dialogues In a restaurant. a shop and a hairdresser and then roleplay their own. Film bank: VIkings (s'2S") An extract from a documentary about a Viking Re-enactment Society.

Many people In Europe and the USA who are fascinated by the Vikings and their whole way of life are members of 'Re-enactment Socletles' and spend their spare time living exactly as the Vikings did. There are many other Re-enactment Societies too for different periods in history. This extract shows what the members of these societies do to be as accurate as Ihey can about every delaillncludlng clothes, food and battles. Possible places 10 use this short film are: II> After lesson 1 to extend the topic of excessive lIfestytes. II> At the end of the unilio round up the topic and language.

for ways to use this short film In class. see Students' Book page 158 and Teacher's Book page 184.

2 II> Play recording 7.1 and get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback. encouraging Ss to give reasons to justify their opinions.

3& II> Read the questions through with the class. Then get Ss to work in pairs and to discuss the meaning of the words in bold. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Get whole class reed back. ARIwen: t extravapnt . spendlns 01 costing a lot of money, especlalty mot'e than is necessary 01 more than you can afford 2 ucesslw. much II'IOff! than Is reasonable Of necessary 3 twwry - something expensive that you do not nHd but you buy for pleasure and enjoyment .. extra-larp - very tarse 5 spoilt - when someone (usually a child) Is rude and behaves badly bec.use they have alw.ys been given what they WInt and been allowed to do wh.t they want 6 overpriced . when somethlns is more expensive than It should be 7 far-fetched - extremefy unlikely to be true or to h.ppen 8 spend1ns sprH - a short period of time when you do a lot of spending

b II> Get Ss to ask and answer the questions with a partner. Get whole class reedback by asking Ss to report back on how many/ which of their answers were similar to their partner's.

EXTEND THE LEAD·IN You could set Ss to write a paragraph about either, one or the questions they discussed In Ex.. 3a, or, if you did the optional warmer. one of the questions they discussed then.

".1 Food for thought So..pu Size Me, made in 200). is a film which documents ~n Spurlock's one-month existence on fast food and its mastrous consequences. In the film, Spurlock eats three WcDonatd's meals a day. every day, for a month. He only eats floc! from McDonald's and every time an employee asks ifhe -o..1d like to 'super size' the meal, he agrees. Spurlock knew experiment was extremely unhealthy but his intention was • show people what this kind of diet can do to you. The film c:a.id represent your life: in thirty days you see what could

3 ... Get Ss to discuss the questions in small groups. Get class feedback by asking a few 5s to report back to the class about the main points of their group's discussion,

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write these sentences on the board: 11 had a delicious {ood/ meol yesterday. 21 had some delicious {ood/meol yesterday.

'-'Pfn to you over twenty or thirty years of over consumption.

Get Ss to work in pairs and 10 decide which of the alternatives in each sentence Is correct and why. Get whole class feedback. (Answers: 1 meo/: It Is countable and therefore we use OJ 2 (ood: it Is uncountable and therefore we use some).

lesson. Ss read an article about the film Super Size Me. discuss their opinions about the film and junk food in IPWral. Ss then 80 on to focus on the grammar of countable JIIICI uncountable nouns. They also listen to someone talking IOOut how 10 make traditional British Christmas dinner and talk about how to prepare a dish of their choice.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss 10 discuss these questions! Q; What have you MIen In the lut twenty-four hours? (Give det. IIs.) Where did you eat it. who cooked It. and did you enjoy It? Q: Is this a fairly typical twenty-four hours 01 fIIUng? If not. what Is?

4a .. Get 5s to look at the underlined words in the examples in the Active grammar box and decide if each one is countable or uncountable. Ss should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. checking that 5s understand that some words (e.g. coffee) can be both countable and uncountable, depending on the context. Active grammar 1 meols ., countable 2 {ood - uncountable 3 (0 block) coffee"" countable 4 coffee - uncountable

Reading , .

Focus Ss on the photo and get them to discuss the in pairs. Get brief whole class feedback.

~tions

. ..

GeiSs to read the text quickly and answer the Remind them to focu s only on answering the .-stion and not to worry about understanding everyth ing • this slage. Ss check in pairs. Get class feed back. ~ion.

b ...

Get Ss to work in pairs and divide the words in the box into three groups: countable. uncou ntable and those which can be both. Get whole class fee dback. Ai.drs: t raw 2 stir 3 Silty "chop S sweet 6 boil 7 dish 8 cooker 9 fOIIst to cabbage

, You should eat healthy food because eating a

:.... of Junk is seriously bad for your health. , . Get 5s to read the text again and to work In pairs to e;piain what each of the phrases means. Remind them to IIIOt at the phrases in context and use any clues they can • work out the meaning. Get whole class feedback.

. . :IS:

1 ~

might be 'excited about eating a of McDonald's food. but It was actually a really bad ecperIence_ 2 To Increase the size of wery part of the __ for vtJy little extra cost_ 3 Spurlock knew that so much McDonald's was not a sensl~ healthy to do but dtd it anyway. "Doctors knew tills diet hI\Ile neptive effects on his body. but didn't rNUse • would haw such a huse neptNe Impact_ 5 All three 4IIctors advised him 10 stop because It was affecti", his .-10 t.tl¥- 6 Eiti", so much junk food In a month IIIDwed whII can happen If you do It OWl a lonpr time • pert of your Ute_ 7 Spur10ck thinks thaI customers ..... rI,m to corred Information about what is In the feod and what eRects It has. 8 Spurlock says that McDonald's want to create a happy positive link between ....,.. and Ntlng their food. 9 Although the Ideas In . . film ~ depIessing. Spurtock himself Is funny and the well made. 10 Spurtock wants famiUe to hive ...... me.Is together so they can talk to each other.

"'Is

Active grammar Counhlble: meal, diet, burger, trip Uncount.ble: food, meat, sugar, salt. bread , fruit, weather, luggage, travel, equipment. advice, furni ture. information, news Both; coffee. chicken. chocolate, cake, paper, iron business, hair C" Remind 5s that for the words that can be both countable and uncountable. the mea ning is slightly different in each case. Read through the example with the class. Then get 5s to work in pairs and to discuss the difference in meaning for the words that can be both . Get whole class feedback •

Ao•••a: For all these WOlds. when we use them In the countib&e way. we are talklnl about I slncte one (e,1- I chocolate). a whole one (e•• • a chkken), a cup of something (e_g_ a coffee). When we use them In the uncountable way. we are not sayln. Ulctly how much, but just some_

3" Remind 5s that we can use other modifiers with countable and uncountable nouns (not just some). Read through the sentences with the class. Then get 5s to discuss the question in pairs. Get class feedback.

Answers: {rwand little (without a) are used to talk about negatiYe Ideas a few and a little are used to talk about more posltiYe Ideas 6" Get 5s to complete the sentences with the correct word/phrase from the box. After checking in pairs. get whole class feedb ack. Answers: 1 many 2 a little ) much It piece 5 some 6 lots 7 a great deal of 8 slice 9 a few 10 lot

AM_Irk 1 A coot: II pefSOn who cooks. A COO"';: the machine you use for cooking. 2 A ~toble: a food like carrot, potato. A vegetarian: a person who does not eat meat. ) A rKJpe: instructions about how to cook something. A dish: the thing you make e.g. beef stroganoff. It Rorr: cooked only a little (usually for meat, especially steak). Row: not cooked at all 5 To stir: to mix slowly. To bHt: to mix qukkly. 6 To slice: to cut Into thin pieces. To chop: to cut into small squares. To gnne: to use a grater to make very small pieces of food e.g. cheese or ca"ots. C" Get 5s to work in pairs and to add at least two more words to each group of words in the mind map. Get whole class feedback. making sure 5s understand all the words.

lOa" Get 5s to choose the correct alternatives. 5s check answers in pairs. Do not get class fee dback yet.

-

7 .. Get 5s to find the mistakes in eight of the sentences and correct them. 5s check in pairs. Get class feedback.

MIwerII 1 Do you spend. lot of time doing oen:lse? 2 H.ve you Ifven anyone .... good advice recently? ) How much supr do you have In your coffee? It When was the last time you had. piece of cake? 5 correct 6 How much fruit do you usually eat every day? 7 Do you Uke wry hot weather? 8 correct 9 When did you last go on an Interesting trip? 10 When did you last buy some new fumltura?

Person to person 8" Get 5s to ask and answer the questions in Ex. 7. in pairs. Get whole class feedback by asking a few 5s to report back about one thing their partner talked about.

Vocabulary OPTIONAL WARMER If you did the optional wa rmer at the beginning of this

lesson. get Ss to try to remem ber what they talked about. If you did not do it, get Ss to work in pairs and to write down all the different food they have eaten in the last twenty-four hours. categorising it by type of food: e.g. fruit, vegetables. meat, drink. Get class feedback and write the words on the board.

9a"

Get Ss to work in pairs and put the words in the box in the correct place in the mind map. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Get whole class feedback. checking that Ss understa nd all the words.

AnIwItI: Food: beef, a peach, cabbage, parsley; w.ys of cooIdnc: to bake, to scramble. to fry. to roast,. to bol~ to grill; Kttchtn tqul,....m: a saucepan, an oven. a cooker. a frying pan, a wooden spoon, a plate; Tate: sweet, bitter, salty, sour, savoury b .. Get Ss to work with a partner and to discuss the difference between the pairs of wo rds. Again, give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Get whole class feedback by asking different pairs of Ss to explain each one.

Answers: 1 raw 2 stir ) salty 4 chop SSMe! 6 boil 7 dish 8 cooker • roa.. to cabbage

Pronunciation lla" look at the example with the class. Get 5s to work in pairs and to decide together which syllable in each word has the main stress. Then play recording 7.2 and get Ss to check their answers. Get whole class feedback. Answers (for 111 and b): Underlined part is the main stress and part in bold Is weak form I~/ (schwa): t saucepln '2""" )~Ie 4 vep!arl8n 5 - 6 !!yourv 7 catrOt 8~'

b .. Remind them that the syllable (s) which is/are not stressed is/are often a weak form or 'schwa' /-;,/ . look again at the example cooker with the class and elicit/ tell them that the second syllable is a weak form. Get them to work in pairs and to decide which of the syllable(s) in the words are wea k form s. Then play recording 7.2 again and get them to check their answers. Get whole class feedback. (Answers above).

Speaking 12 .. Focus 5s on the photo and tell 5s that they are going to listen to someone talking about a traditional British Christmas dinner. Play recording 7.3 and get 5s to answer the question. Get whole class feedback. encouraging 5s to justify their answers. 13a" Read the list of things through with the class. Ask Ss to choose one of the things and to think about how it is prepared and cooked. Encourage them to make notes and to use the vocabulary from Ex. 9. b .. Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and to tell other 5s what their dish is and how to prepare/ cook it. C " Get whole class feed back by asking Ss which of the dishes they would like to eat most and why.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Ask Ss to write a recipe of the dish they talked about. including a list of ingredients and instructions. Ss collect their recipes together and make a 'Class Recipe Book'.

":

" .2 Buy, buy. buy

4 .... Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback.

of the most famous auction houses operating

IIIIItmationa lly are Sotheby's (established in London in 1744) _ Christie's (also established in london in 1766). People go _lOOk. to bid and perhaps to buy a range of different items, eoecially collectable art, furniture and jewellery.

tIowadays. however, traditional auctions also need to pete with online auctions like eBay. eBay was founded by Pierre Omidyar in 1995. It started small, and has . . become a massive success with some 125 million users, g and selling an endless array of different products. ~man

"'rs and sellers are brought together quickly and easily: IfIers can list items for sale, buyers can bid for items of ~st

Or: If any Ss In your class have an interesting collection of anything, ask them to prepare a short presentation to give to the class. They could bring some items from their collection to show.

and all eBay users can browse through listed items in

automated way.

Ii

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Either: If your Ss have access to the Internet, you could get them to do some research for a mlnl·project about someone who coliects interesting or unusual things. They could write a short essay about it , or prepare a short presentation to give to the class.

Vocabulary

- 5 lesson, Ss listen to an item of radio news about selling IS at auction (both traditional and online). They hear ....t and discuss their reactions to the extraordinary things lIIOPIe buy and the incredibly high prices people pay. After tlcussing on the grammar of passives, Ss do a roleplay as omers complaining in various situations and finish by g a formal letter of complaint.

5 .... Get Ss to work in pai rs and to discuss the difference in meaning betwee n the ve rb phrases in ita lics in each pair of sentences. Encourage them to look at the context and try to work out the meaning. You could also give them dictionaries to help. Get whole class fee dback, making sure that Ss understand all the meanings.

OPTIONAL WARMER tntroduce Ss to the topic of shopping by asking them to discuss some or all of these questions. Q: What Is the best ad jective to describe how you '"' about clot hes shopping? Why? Q: Do you ""fer shopping alone or with other people? Why (and who)? Q: What do you think about online shopping? What experience have you got of it? Q: When was the last time you bought something that you regretted? What was It and why? Q; What is one of your favourite shops? Why do you like It?

Answers: ta to bid (or somfthlng • to offer to pay for something at an auction b to hogg~ for something • to offer to pay less than the price (especially In a market) 2a to g« a btlfJ1tIIn - to pay • low price for something good b ta glt 0 discount - to pay less than the original price because ttIe seller lowers the price 3a to gft a rrfund . to lake somelhlng back to a shop and set your money back b to get a receipt - to Bet a piece of paper from Ihe shop 10 prove you bougfll something 41 to be! obit to afford something - to have enoup money to pay for something b to be worth It - for somelhlng lo be the value of what you paid for It

6a....

LIstening . ... Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss the Get whole class feedback on their ideas but do . . accept or reject any of their ideas at this stage. ~t io ns.

. ... TeU Ss that they are going to listen to part of the alto news. Play recording 7.411nd get them to check their .-as about t he question in Ex. 1. After checking their ~ in pairs, get whole class feed back. Each of the things/ people in the pictures or sold something al auction (eithel or on eBay).

a ... Read through the stateme nts with the class. Play IKording 7.4 again and get Ss to decide if the statements _ true or false or we don't know. Encourage Ss to correct ones which are false. Get Ss to check their answers in Pliiirs. Then get whole class feed back.

*

a

.IS: 1 F (she found ft herself in her own attic) OK 3 F (someone bouBh111 for $61,000)" F (only . . of the original six) 5 T 6 F Ot was sold on e8Iy) 7 F (there was no proof) 8 DK 9 F (he sold

z

them on eBay)

10 T

Get Ss to read the sentences and decide which ve rb phrase you could use for each. After checki ng in pairs. get whole class feedback. AnIWMs: 1 10 bid :2 a balpln 3 a discount " can' afford 5 a refund 6 to haggle 7 not worth " 8 a receipt

b .... Get Ss to rewrite the sentences using the correct form of the verb phrase they decided on in Ex. 6a. Ss should check answers in pai rs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

c .... Play recording 7.5 and get Ss to check their answers. Get whole class fee dback if necessary. AnswtfS: lOne man bid £5000 for a small antique chair. :2 Ten CDs for only £50 - that's a bargalnl 3 • asked for a discount, but the shop assistant saki no. 4 I'd like to buy a motorbike but I can't afford It. 5 Thls DVD player broke after only a week. ret Uke a refund please. 6 • always Iry and haggle wtth market traders. 7 The rent on that tiny ftal lsn't worth It. 8 Don't forset to keep the receipt.

Grammar

Speaking 9" Read through the four situations with the class. Get

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write the following sentences on the board and get 5s to complete them with the most appropriate verb. t

2

Someone _ _ the bikini for $61.000. The blkini _ _ for $61.000.

Get Ss to check their answers in paIrs. Then get whole class feedback. (Answers: 1 bOU9ht 2 wos bou9ht). Get Ss to discuss in pairs what the difference between the verbs is. (Answer: t active 2 passive).

7a. .. Get 5s to look at the example sentences in the Active grammar box and answer the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback on question 1 but not on question 2 at this stage.

5s to discuss with a partner what they would do in each situation and why. Get whole class feedback and see how many 5s feel similarly to each other. Encourage them to give reasons for their opinions.

lOa." Read through the questions with the class. Play recording 7.6 and tell Ss to answer the questions. After brieRy checking in pairs. get whole class feedback. "--s:

t situation" 2 frustrated and irritated but resigned 3 to make an .ppolntment for an enginefl to come on Friday

b" Get 5s to read through the How to ... box. Play recording 7.6 again and tell them to complete the language in the HowJo ... box. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Active grammar Answers: 1 manqer :z asslst.nce "apologise 5 ~placement.

1 wos bou9ht - passive; bou9ht - active

b .. Get 5s to check their answers to question 2 by reading the rules of meaning A and 8 in the box. Then get whole class feedback. Active grammar 2 You would choose passIve because in sentence 1. the action is more important than who causes the action and In sentence 2. the longer expression is put at the end of the sentence

c..

Get 5s to read the rule of form in the box and complete the sentences. Remind them to use the correct passive form of the verb in brackets for each sentence. 5s check answers in pairs. Then get class feedback.

An.-.: 1 Is !wing cleaned 2 w.s found ) was beln. displayed "have been bousht 5 had been spat 6 will be paid 7 Is pins to be opened 8 Cln be 000111'

3 seems

c~

Ask 5s to add one more sentence to each section of the How to ... box. Get whole class feedback and write the sentences on the board.

11" Get Ss to work with a partner and to choose one of the situations in Ex. 9 for a roleplav in which the customer complains about the situation. Remind 5s to use the language in the How to ... box. You may want 5s to change (oles and do the roleplay again. or to choose a different situation for the second roleplay.

Writing 12" Refer 5s to the Writing Bank on page 16). Get 5s to read the letter and answer the questions. After checking answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. "--s: 1 Three probfems: the late arrival of the DYDs. the fact thlt one of them w.s broken and the way she was treated by the staff on the phone. 2 5he w.nts a ~p\acement DVO or .. refund.

The email in Ex. 8 is about a Jukebox. Jukeboxes originated in the USA In the 19)OS and production continued on a large scale until the 1960s. A limited number are still produced today. They were found in many bars and pubs in USA. the UK and elsewhere - people put money In and chose the record they wanted to hear. Jukeboxes are now highly collectable items with people paying anything from $1 00 to $)0.000 depending on the type and how rare they are.

S" Get 5s to complete the email with an appropriate form of the verbs in brackets. Remind 5s that the verbs may be both active and passive. 5s should check their answers In pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

was persuaded :z were gtven ) had "bought 5 ls IOinl to be dellYered/1s belns delivered 6 couldn't be lent 7 pvt 8 will lnenge 9 will be .sked 10 has been sorted

~ 1

.. In the writing skill section. get 5s to look again at the leiter and answer the question. Get whole class feedback.

.. Tell 5s to read the sentences and mark whether each one Is formal (F) or informal (I). After cheCking In pairs. get whole class feedback. ~

9.

Formal: 2.3.6.7. lO,lt; Informal: 1. 4. 5. 8,

12

13" Tell 5s that they are going to write a formal leiter of complaint. Get them to choose one of the situations In Ex. 9 (or use their own idea) . Tell 5s to look again at the model In the Writing Bank on page 163 and to write their letter. Remind them to use language from the Useful Phrases box on page 163 and to use the paragraph plan in Ex. 13 to organise their writing.

I"' a dog'a ute some parts of Europe and the USA, many pet owners see cat ordog as a member of the family. In the UK, owners ~ an amazing £4 billion annually on keeping their pets well and entertained. In one survey. it was found that to 40% of owners said they bought gifts for their pets, ding Christmas and birthday presents. Owners happily

~ 1T

2 F~o%)

) OK • T

b~

Tell 5s to read the rest of the tex;t and to decide which of the descriptions apply to which pet or pets or none of them . Encourage 5s to underline the part of the text which tells them the answers. Get 5s to check their answers In pairs, Then get whole class feedback.

,..,per their pets with increasingly lavish lifestyles, including

-.s. furniture. accessories and 'gourmet" food. There are also

......: 1 Pixie 2 Beauty/ Mlpon 3 PhIe • none 5 PWe/Beauty 6 Mlanon 7 none 8 Beauty

l1l'i psychologists for those with problems. pet passports for 8IIo5e who want to travel and a whole range of services on

*" There are hundreds of retail outlets offering owners a ~

array of products.



lesson, Ss read a magazine articte about how some

~

overindulge their pets and they discuss their own ..ruons and attitudes to animals. After focussing on the

.... rnar of hove/get something done, 5s talk about services have done. 5s finish by looking at different animals and I expressions.

~ Get Ss to discuss the questions In pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back about their opinions,

4

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD· IN Write these sentences on the board :

OPTIONAL WARMER

11 cut my hair. 2 I hod my hair cut. 3 f got my hair cut.

Introduce 5s to the lopic of animals. The following lCtivlly Is a bit of 'pop psychology' - a fun way 10 find out more about yourself, which should not be laken 100 !5eriously. Get 5s to write down their favourite animal and one Mijective to describe il. Next, ask 5s to write down their wcond favourite animal and one adjective to describe c.. Finally. gel them to write down their Ihlrd favourite Mimal and one adjective to describe II. Then write on the board: 1 how you see yourself 2 how others see you

) how you would really like to be. Get Ss to work in pairs and tell each other about themselves using the animals and adjectives they chose and Ihe Interpretation on the board. Remind them that it is a bit of fun and not to be taken too seriously!

Ask 5s to discuss this question In pairs: What is the difference in meaning (If any) between them? (Answers: Sentence 1 -I cut my hair myself; Sentences 2 and 3 - I arranged for my hair to be cut by someone else). 15a ~ Get Ss to complete the examples A-C in the Active grammar box; using had. have and gets. Then tell them to look again at the text In 81:. 2 and check their answers. Get whole class feedback,

Active gramma r

11 take her to the beauty parlour to have her fur done. 2 On her last birthday, Mignon hi d the fur from the top of the head pulled back and tied as a ponytail.

lleadin g

_k.

3 She gets the dog anaesthetised so that she stands stili at Ihe hairdresser.

• • Focus 5s on the photos and get them to discuss the .-stions in pairs or small gr0l!Ps. Get brief whole class • • Get 5s to read the text qu ickly and answer the .-stion. Remind them not to try 10 understand ..,,-thing at this stage but just to focus on the one .-slion, After brieRy checking in pairs. get whole class

b

~ Get 5s to complete the rule of form in the box with

the correct part of speech. 5s should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback .

_ck. Active grammar

The dos in the bed and the dos with the

"II'

Form: have (or get) + object + past participle

mentioned but the dot in lhe coat Is not.

Read the four statements through with the class. .... 55 to read the first paragraph (the whole first column) ..., and to decide if the statements are true, false or we -.'t know. Remind them to correct the false statements. 51 should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

c ~ Tell 5s to work in pairs and to look at rule 1 in the box and answer the question. Get whole class feedback .

Answers: b arranging for something to be done by somebody else

AMwII'I: Same sound /11- wings. whiskers. fins Same sound /3:/- paws, claws. horns

d .. Tell Ss to work in pairs again and to look at rules 2 and 3 in the box. Get them to match each rule (2 and 3) with the correct example D-F. Get whole class feedback. Anlwtl'l: Rule:l - D and E;

Rule 3 - f

6" Get Ss to find the mistakes in six of the se ntences

C"

Read through the example with the class Then get 5s to work in pairs and take turns to describe an animal using the words in the box. Their partner should try to guess which animal it is.

and correct them. After checking answers in pai rs, get whole class fee dback.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Either: If you did not do the optional warmer for this lesson, you could do it here. Or: You could ask Ss to discuss some or all of these questions. Q: How many famous anImals do you know from films or TV? (e.g. Lassie, Free Willy, Shiloh, Babe). Q: Which is your favourite? Why? Q: Do you like"films about animals? Why/ Why not? If your 5s have access to the Internet, you could get them to research animals in films and prepare a short presentation for the class about either animats in film s in general. or one particular animal in a film.

Answers: 1 I've never had my halr~. :I correct 3 I IM¥tI' have my house dKomed - I do it myself. • I haven't had my eyes tested for ages. 5 I've got a lot of things to get done by this weekend. 6 I have some of my datheI dry-d...... every month. 7 correct 8 I'd like to get: my photo ..ken by a professional photographer.

Person to person 7" Read through the questions and the examples with the class. Then get Ss to work in pairs and discuss the questions. You could get brief whole class feedback by asking two or th ree 5s to report back one interesti ng fact about their partner.

Vocabulary 8a"

Get Ss to work with a partner and to divide the animals in the box into six groups. Read through the example with the class to get them going. Get whole class feedback.

lOa .. Tell 5s to complete the expressions in italics by writing the name of an animal. Get Ss to check their answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage. b .. Play recording 7.8 and get 5s to check their answers. Get whole class feedback if necessary. _ _ Irs: 1 straight from the ...... mouth 2 take the MIl by the horns 3 (to be) IS blind as a bit • (to be) like a .... with. sore heed

-. Possible groups (there may also be other way of grouping them) Domtstk .nl.....: dog, cat fann anI...ta: bull, horse Wild ullNts: be.r, bat s.. IDlIUIs: fish. whale BIrds: duck. eagte InHCtl: fly. spider

b .. Get 5s to work in pairs agai n and to add at least three more words to each of the groups. Get whole class feedback and write the animals on the board, making sure that 5s understand all the words.

9a" Tell 5s to label the parts of the ani mals in the pictures using the words in the box. Then play recording 7.7 and get 5s to check their answers. Get whole class feedback if necessary. AnIwM's: A feathers B wings C beak D claws E fur f tall G paws H whiskers I horns J hooves K fins

b .. Get Ss to look at the words in the box in Ex. 9a agai n. TeU them to work with a partner and to decide which of the unde rlined vowel sounds have the same sou nds as each other. Then play recording 7.7 again and tell them to check their answers. Get whole class feedback and get 5s to repeat the words.

11a" Get 5s to work in pairs and discuss what they think each expression means. Rem ind them to read the descriptions again and make a guess using the context to help. Do not get whole class feed back al this stage.

b"

Get Ss to match each expression (1- 4) in Ex. loa with the correct definition a-d. 5s should briefly check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

I

AnswII'I:1c:ld 3a 4b

C" Get 5s to choose two of the expressions and to tell other 5s about a person or situation using them. Get brief whole class feedback by aSking two or three 5s to report back on their stories 10 the class.

d .. Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and to discuss the question. Get whole class feedback.

I

Communication: Can I help you?

is lesson , 5s focus on prefixes such as over·, mono·, bi·. OPTIONAL WARMER Write the items A·D from Ex. 1 on the board. Ask 5s, In pairs. to think of one example for each situation (e.g. A- someone talking loudly on a mobile on a bus).

In this lesson, 5s listen to dialogues In a restaurant, a shop and a hairdresser and then roleplay their own.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get 5s to discuss these questions In pairs. Then get class feedback: Q: When did you I.st go to a restaurant / clothes or shoe shop? Who did you go with? Why/ where did you go? What did you eat/buy? Was it overpriced or not/ Old you get a ba rpin? Old you enjoy It? Why/ Why not? Q: When did you last go to the hairdresser? What did you have done? What did you do while you were waiting/ having your hair done? Did you get value for money? Did you enloy It? Why/ Why not?

U. If you did not do the optional warmer. read the 1st (A·D) with the class. Play recording 7.9 and get 5s to _ch the people speaking with the correct item A-D. One II!m cannot be used. 5s check in pairs. Get feedback. 10 2C)A

_es

, . Play recording 7.9 again and tell 5s to make brief about each story.

c.

Get 5s to work in pairs and to retell each story IIP'ther using their notes. . . . Get 5s to work with a partner and to look at the Sipescript on page 172. Tell them to find a word to match tIICh defin ition. Get whole class feedback.

"retrain S bWnlU11 6 multinational 8 exh1I·llrge 9 monotonous

b.

Tell 5s to look at the words from Ex. 2a again and to .me the appropriate prefixes in the table. Get them to chKk answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. : 1 mono 2: bi ) multi "over sunder 'ex 7 re 8 ext,.. 9 un

1a. Focus 5s on the photos and get them to work in pairs. TeU them to complete the mind maps, including as many words as possible related to each place. b.

Get 5s to compare their mind maps with other 5s. Then get whole class feedback and write the new words on the board. making sure that 5s understand them aU.

2a. Get 5s to work in pairs. to look at the sentences and answer the question. Get whole class feedback. Answers: Restaurant - 2. 5. 7. 11; Shoe shop Hairdresser - 3. 6, 9, to

b.

Tell 5s they are going to listen to three dialogues. Play recording 7.11 and get them to number the sente nces in Ex. 2a in the order they hear them. After checking in pairs. get whole class feedback.

Answers: Correct order: n. 7. S. 2. t. 4. 8. 9. 3. 6. 10

C. Read the rule about hyphens through with the class.

Ss. in pairs, write one more example for each prefix. Get dass feedback and write the words on the board.

"f'IIIsIble answers:

1 monocyde/monopoly '2 bImonthly/tMlateral 3 muttkoloured/multlmedla 4 «WefSpend/owrripe S u~derase/underperform ,.-wtfe/ex-emp&oyer 7 redo/reboot 8 ext,..· ....aMe/extra·Ught 9 undecided/unfair

38. Get 5s to complete the sentences with a word from the box. Not all the words can be used. 5s check their Mswers in pairs. Do not get whole class feedback yet.

b.

Play recording 7.10 and Ss check their answers.

""" • .s: 1 tMannual 2 multipurpose 3 extra. . . It

undeJtOOked S overworked

6 monoIinau.1 7 rewrite 8 ex·glrtfrtend

4a. In pairs. 5s choose an item in Ex. la to tell a story about. Get them to prepare the story together using as many words in Us. 2a and 3a as they can. b. 5s tell their stories to other 55. Remind them not to say which item the story is about. 5s listening to the stories should say which item the story is about.

-1." 8;

3a.

Get 5s to work in pairs and choose one of the situations from the listening. Tell them to look at the tapescript on page 1]2 and to underline any important phrases (e.g. Good evening. Have you got a reservation?) .

b. Tell 5s to roleplay the situation they chose. Remind them to use ideas from the listening and their own ideas.

4a'"

Read the table through with the class. Get 5s to work with a partner and to add some ideas to the table. Get class feedback and write their ideas on the board.

Peulble ........: Restaurant: food Is too soltyjcold, tMte's a holr ;n t~ food. walt~r Is~. th~ bitlis wrong. the table wasn' t available at t~ right time Shoe/dothes shop: the clothes are tom/slained. the zip,fJuckle Is broken Hairdresser: hairdtesser ignored customer's wishes. hod to walta long time. water too COld. holr wash too quldc, hafr washer got water/ shompoo in )'Our eyes

b.

Get 5s, in pairs. to choose a different place. They should decide on a few things to complain about and then roleplay the situation. Get some pairs to act out their situations in front of the class. Get 5s to practise their roleplays so that they do not have to use their notes.

Notes for using the Common

Review and practicle

European Framework (CEll') Answers: 1 some 2 luggage 3 much 5 some 6 a few 7 a 8 some

4 is

CEF References 7.1 Can do: describe how to prepare and cook a dish

2> Answers: 1 is included 2 was sent 3 will be delivered I are going to be delivered 4 is being

repaired 5 has been opened 6 will be caught 7 were charged 8 had been employed

7.2 Can do: write a formal letter of complaint CEF 82 descri ptor: Can explain a problem which has arisen and make it clear that the provider of the service/ customer must make a concession. (CEF page 80)

3> Answers: 1 She had new lyres fitted to her car yesterday. 2 She had a new cooker delivered

7.3 Can do: talk about services

yesterday. 3 She had her hair cut and had highlights done this morning. 4 She's having a carpet fitted in the living room at the moment. S She's going to have her watch repaired this afternoon. 6 She's going to

have her eyes tested tomorrow.

7 She's going to have

her windows cleaned tomorrow.

8 She's going to

have her coat dry·cleaned tomorrow.

4> An swers: t raw

6 refund

CEF 82 descr iptor: Can give a clear, detailed description of how to carry out a procedure. (CEF page 81)

2 for

3 worth

4 horse's

5 paw

7 boil 8 bear

5> Answers: lover 2 under 6 multi 7 re 8 un

3 mono

4 re

CEF 82 descriptor: Can understand and exchange complex information and advice on the full range of matters related to his/her occupational role. (CEF page 81)

CEF quick brief One of the key ideas within the Common European Framework is that learning a language is a lifelong task; it requires 'lifelong learning' skills. like all skills. we can improve how we learn and one of the teacher's responsibilities is to show 5s how to do this. The lifelong learning boxes in Total English offer help in this task and showing 5s how to use their Portfolio is another way that teachers can help.

5 bi

Portfolio task Download the Total English Portfolio free from www.longman.comltotalenglish. ObJective: to introduce 5s to the Dossier section of their Portfol io. This task can be done i n 5s' own language. The Dossier section of the Portfolio allows 5s to record and store ex.amples of good work in English to show other people. It can include anything from stories to recorded interviews to videos.

1" Ex.plain the purpose of the Dossier section of the Portfolio to 55. 2.. Ask 5s to look back at their work over the last few months and choose one or two pieces of work which they feel proud of.

a ...

Ask 5s to compare the work in groups and explain why they feel proud. 4" Ask 5s to record details of the work relevant section of their Dossier and store the work separately in a Dossier folder, If necessary. learners might like to redo the work, correcting mistakes from the original version.

Lead-in Vocabua.ry: success expressions

Grammar: It's tlme/l'd rather/I'd better

OPTIONAL WARMER

YoCIbulllry: describing personality CAn do: describe different types of people

Write t hese seven verbs on the boa rd and ask Ss to say which is the odd one out and why: succeed triumph {lourish thrive foil achieve accomplish

Grammar: reported speech

(Answer: All the verbs have a similar meaning 10 succeed except fa ll which means the opposite).

YoaIbutary: adjectives and intensifiers

CAn do: report and describe what pe<,pl''''', l to you

Graml'lllr: hard and hardly CAn do: write a report of survey findings Phrasal verbs with three parts

Radio phone·ln

Summary leson 1: Ss read part of a brochure for a leadership •~g company and discuss their ideas about the qualities successful leader. Ss also talk about if they are good ~-ers. describing different sides of their own personalities.

wa

Then ask Ss to work in pairs. Tell half the cl ass (Students A) to look at the verbs succeed, {lourish and thrive, and the other half (Students B) to look at achieve, accomplish and triumph. Give them dictionaries and get them to write a definition and an example sentence for each of t heir t hree verbs. Reorganise Ss into Al Bpairs and get them to tett each other the definitions and examples for the verbs t hey looked at. Possi ble example sentences: Doctors succeeded in curing her cancer. The economy is booming and sma ll busin esses are flourishing. The tourist Industry thrives in goad weather. She achieved her goal of becoming 0 su rgeon. The charity acco mplished a great deal In its first year . It was a long and difficult race but in the end he triumphed and won gold!

Lesson 2 : Ss listen to part of a radio programme about lion. winners in sport and the use of sports J5JChologists. They also talk about their own successes and ~Ie who helped them to succeed .

lesson 3: Ss read an article about Ryde College. a school

1'" Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discu ss the questions in pairs. Get brief whole class feedback. 2a ... Get Ss to work with a part ner and to comple te the sentences with t he wo rd s/phrases i n the box. Give them dictiona ri es and remind t hem to use t he context of the se ntence t o help. 00 not get w hole class yet.

pushes children as young as two to use computers and :a.ke exams early. Ss then do a survey about attitudes to scoot and education. They finish by writing a report of their

b ... Play record ing 8.1 and get 55 to check t heir answers.

~findings.

Get whole class feed back if necessary.

Wlcabulary: Ss focus on phrasal verbs with three parts, fIOJdin g catch up with. cu t down on and make up for. C-municatlon: Ss listen to extracts from a radio phone·in .mich the caUers talk about their problems and get advice. Ss en get a chance to roleplaya similar radio phone·in.

RIm bank: The secrets of success (J'3S") A series of inteviews where seven people talk about their work and their secrets of success. The seven people talk about wh at t hey do, how/ when they got started and their tips for success, including: 1 Stay passionate 2 Get some help 3 Be your own boss 4 Have a good idea S Choose your partner 6 Kn ow your customer 7 Don't give up. Possible places to use this short film are: .. After lesson 2 to extend the topic of success. .. At the end of the unit to round up t he topiC and Language. For ways to use this shorl fi lm in class, see Students' Book page 159 and Teacher's Book page 185.

An.wers:

1 go under 2 best-seller 3 giYe up <\ have had their day S succeed 6 up to scratch 7 have a go

3 '" Get Ss to work i n pairs or small groups and tell each other about t he last t ime they achi eved something special. Encourage them to t hi nk about smaller achievements as well as big things. Get w hole class feedback by asking each group to report back about o ne of the things t hey talked about.

EXTEND THE LEAD· IN Continue the discussion about success / achievement. Get Ss to complete these sentences about t hemselves. Recently t managed to ... 2 I'm quite proud of myself for ... 3 The last ti me I won something was when ... 4 One of my main ambitions in life is to ... S My definit ion of success is ... 1

Then ask t hem to compare and discuss t hem with olher Ss. Finally get whole class feedback and see how far t he sentences are t he same or different.

8 .1 Lead or follow? Leadership training and management training is an important

part of most companJes nowadays. People generally now accept that almost anyone can be a su(cessfulleader or manager as long as they get the appropriate training and support. For two examples of courses in Leadership training. go to: www.ashridge.org.uk/ leadership_training.htrnand

www.leadersinsti!ute.com/ high·lmpac!·leaders! In this lesson, Ss read part of a brochure for a (fictional)

leadership Training company and discuss their ideas about the qualities of a successful leader. They listen to part of a work appraisal interview and focus on the grammar of It's time, I'd rotherand I'd better. S5 discuss if they t hink they are

(or could be) good leaders, describing different sides of their own personalities.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce Ss to the topic of leaders/ leadership. Get them to discuss the following questions. Q: Which of the following jobs do you think require

good leadership skills? Why? teacher, politician architect. manager, social worker, football coach Q: Can you think of anyone (famous or not) who you would consider to be a good leader? What do you think makes him / her a good leader?

Reading 1 " Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups, Get whole class feedb ack.

2 .. Get 5s to read the text quickly and to match the questions in Ex. 1 with the correct paragraphs. Remind 5s not to try to understand every detail of the text at this stage but just to match the questions with the paragraphs. After briefly checki ng answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

(Tony Blair is the Prime Minister of Britain leading the labour Party to victory in 1997. Teddy Roosevelt was President of the U5A keeping the Republicans in power from 1901 to 1909. George S. Patton was a leading U5A Army General during World War II.)

Gramm ar :; > Tell 5s that they are going to listen to part of a work appraisal interview. Make sure they understand what a work appraisal interview is (a formal discussion between an employee and his/her boss to assess positive and negative aspects of the employee's work and specific goals for their future work).

> Read through the three summary sentences with the class. Play recording 8,2 and tell Ss to decide which of the sentences best summarises the main points. After briefly checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

I

AnIww: Sentence 3

I

6a> Get Ss to work with a partner and to try to complete sentences t-4 in the Active grammar box. Play recording 8.3 and get Ss to check their answers. Get whole class feedba ck. Active grammar 11 feel that it's time I moved on now. 2 I think I'd rather you did the first course. 3 I'd rather not wait for two months. 4 I'd better get your name on the lis! immediately.

b > Get Ss to complete the rules of form in the Active grammar box by writing post tense or infinitive. Active gram mar A It's time. subject. past tense

3 .. Get Ss to read the text again and decide if the

8 subject . would rother. object. past tense (. than)

statements are true, false or we don't know, Remind Ss to underline the relevant parts of the text and to correct the fal se statements. 5s should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

C subject + would rother. Infinlltve (. than ...)

Answ.fI: t true

2: false (all kinds of groups, Indudlns social groups, need leaders) 3 true 0\ we don't know (he says that true leaders are bom but he doesn't spedfically Include himselF) 5 false (leaders should overcome tMir fears) 6 filtH Oeadets should allow all group members to contribute)

o subject. hod better. Inflnltlve C" Tell 5s to look at sentences 1-4 in the Active grammar box again and to explain to a partner what each one means. Remind them to read the rules about meaning (in the box) to help them ,

7a > Get Ss to complete the dialogue using It's time, 'd rother or 'd better and the correct form of the verb in brackets. 5s should check answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

4 " Read the quotes through with the class. Get Ss to

b> Play recording 8.4 and get 5s to check their answers.

work in pa irs or small groups and to discuss whether they agree with the quotes or not and why. Get whole class feedback.

Get whole class feedback.

Answers:

t It's time I had 2 I'd rather stay 3 I'd ralher you were 0\ I'd bettft' go

~I:

Person to person

................a: (These.re not absolute synonyms OI.ntonymS). ~RI. extnMft ~ introvert open. socl.bIe -i reserved proactive

. .. Tell S5 to write three sentences about themselves -.ting with It's time .... Read the examples through with ee class to get them started and remind Ss that their

~ enthusJ.stk ~ lazy

opInion.ted - arropnt modest slnsfe-mlnded. determined ~ undecided easY·scMnl. relalc.ed ~ ~

. .tnces can be about small, more trivial things or larger, -.:we important things. • • Get 55 to work In pairs and to compare their _ ences. Encourage them to include details in their .swers and to use I'd better and I'd rotherwhere .-propriate.

Vocabulary

uptlatO ..Ifish - _

witty -

10" Play recordingS.s and get 5s to write one adjective from the table In Ex. 9 which best describes each person. 5s check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

AnIwers:

2 sinlle·mlnded 3 headstrong 4 witty 5 outsolng 6 open 7 opinionated 8 selfish 9 pfOlCtiYe 10 manipulative

OPTIONAL WARMER Ask Ss If they can remember any of the adjectives used to describe successful leaders (in the lext they read in Ex. 2). Get them to look back at the text (~pecially paragraph 4) to check their Ideas.

Get Ss to discuss these questions: Q:: Which of the adjectives from paragraph It of the text do you think are the most Important to be.

M«essfulleader? Q: C.n you .dd two more adjectives to describe_

Ml«essful leader? Get whole tlass feedback and compare Ss opinions. (There is a discussion about describing successful leaders in Ex. 11C, so you may want to keep it fairly brief here). . .. Divide the class into Students A and Students ... Give them dictionaries and get them to look at the avant part orthe table to find the meanings and ""unciatio n of their five words• • • Get 5s to work in pairs (A and B) and to tell each -.er about the meaning and pron unciation of the five ~s in their group.

outgoing • someone who likes meedn. and ",.n • honest and not WiIInttna ptOOCtItIe • someont who

mett. opInIontatH • SOIlttClN who expMSeS very .... ~plnl.... .t»out thlnp In • ..., that annoys single-minded • hIYinI OM aim ud wortdn. _ k NSHOh>II- not easily upset or

HI/fsh. carlfll only about yoorself rather

wmy. uslfII words In a funny. _ - aood 01 trkklna peopko to set what

IIId Intel_ _

haJdstrong - V'ery determined to do what

• Then get 5s to work with their partner and to add adjectives which have opposite meanings and silnilar meanings to the ones in the box. fDme

TeU 5s to compare Ihe adjectives they have added -'ttl other 5s. Get whole tlass feedback and make sure Nt 5s understand aU the words.

C.

~ ........

amuMnl-i dull ffilnlpulative - controUlnl ~ upfront hudstfOftl • determlntcl -i Irresolute

l1a. TeU 5s to think of three people they know who they could describe using some of the adjectives in Ex. 9. b. Get 5s to work with a pa rtner and to describe the people they thought of. Encourage them to give examples of the ways in which each person behaves and to use some of the adjectives they thought of (as well as the ones In the table in Ex. 9a) .

c ..

Get 5s to discuss the question about successful leaders with a partner. If you did the optional warmer, remind 5s to think back to the adjectives they thought of then. and to add to their list from those they looked at in Ex. 9. Get brief whole class feedback about their ideas.

12&.. Get Ss to work in pairs and to match the expressions In the box with the correct pictures. TeU them to decide together what they think each one means. Get whole class feedback. Au..,.: 1 to be a complete doormat . to be someone who lets other people treat them badly and never complains 2 to be the centre of attention • to be the person who t\leryone is interested In, listens to. 3 to be down·to-earth • to be practical and direct In a sensible. honest wfIY 4 to be really Nth maintenance - 10 be someone who demands or expects people to look .fter them • areal deal s to be a party .,.Imal • to be someone who enjoys scMng to parties and drinks I 101 of alcohol and behaYes in a loud and often rude way

b .. Ask 5s 10 discuss the question in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

13a" Tell/ elicit from 5s that we all have different sides to our personality and that we behave differently in different situations. Read through the situations in the box with the class. Ask 5s to think about how they behave in different situations using the ideas in the box and their own ideas. b. Read through the example with the class. Then get 5s to work in pairs and tell each other about the different sides ofthe;r personality in different situations. Remind them to use the adjectives and expressions from Exs. 9 and 12 as appropriate. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to report back about their partner.

PossIble answers: 1 There are some famous athletes like Mohamed Ali and Michael Schumacher who have succeeded because they haw complete self·belief in their atHltty to win. 2 Sports psychologists can wort with sportspeople to help change their negative thoughts about failing into positive ones about winning. 3 Some athletes and teams have specific routines that they do in order to focus themselves on the goal or to bring the players together as a team.

8.2 WInners Sports psychology is a huge industry. Most athletes use a psychologist to help with motivation and mental preparation. The radio programme in this lesson talks about some famous sportspeople who are naturally focussed on winning and don't seem to need any help with motivation including boxer Mohamed Ali. It also talks about runner Kelly Holmes who struggled with injury and a negative menial attitude. She used a sports psychologist to help her go on to win two gold medals at the Athens Olympics in 2004. Also mentioned are

the New Zealand All Blacks rugby team who prepare and start every game by doing their famous Haka war dance. This is a traditional Maori chant with hand gestures and foot stamping

4" Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back about one thing they talked about.

originally performed by warriors before battle to show their strength and to intimidate the opposition.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION If your Ss have access to the Internet. get them to research and prlU)are a mini·project/ presentation on one of the following: Superstitions in sport. Sports psychology. Un/ lucky numbers. The New Zealand All Blacks. Kelly Holmes. Another sports person.

In this lesson, Ss listen to a radio programme about winners in sport and the use of sports psychologists. Ss focus on the grammar of reported speech and then talk about their own successes and people who helped them to succeed.

OPTIONAL WARMER Also Ss to discuss these questions: Q: What sports do you enjoy playing/watching? Why? How does it make you feel? Q: Are you are competitive person? Why/ Why not? Q: Are there any sportspeople that you particularly admire? Why? Q: What kind of people do you think make successful athletes?

Listening 11> Focus Ss on the photos and read the three feelings in the box through with the class. Get them to work with a partner, match the photos with the most appropriate feeling and discuss question 1. Get whole class feedback. (More information about photos 1 and 3 will come in the listening so do not give any detail about them yet).

Vocabulary 5a" Get Ss to look at the underlined a dj ecti~s in the table and discuss the question in pairs. Get class feedback. AnIwen: Gradable adjectives: the meaning Is relaliW! (e.g. can be extremely big, wry big, quite big). Non-gradable adjectives: the meaning Is extreme. b I> Get Ss to work In pairs and match the gradable adjectives 1-4 with the correct non·gradable adjectives a-d. Get whole class feedback.

I

2 I> Read the questions through with the class and tell Ss they are going to listen to part of a radio programme. Play recording B.6 and get Ss to answer the questions. After checking answers In pairs, get whole class feed back. Antw.n: 1 'almost all' sports people 2 to focus themsetve5 on winning and Intlmkiate the other learn

.t

I

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Write the following adjectives on the board and get 5s to make pairs as in Ex. Sb, saying which is the gradable and which is the non·gradable adjet:ti~.

Answers: 1 completely ecstatic (Kelly Holmes winning the lS00m race It the Athens Otympks In 2004 2 absolutely devastated (Ryan Gins pfaylng for Manchester United aplnst Bayer Leverkus In UEFA Champions leaaue 2002) 3 totally single-minded (The New Zealand AU Blacks rugby team doing the Haka Wlr dance before a pme) .. Then get Ss to discuss question 2 in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback.

AnlMrt: lb ,d 3'

hot, boiling, clean, filthy. fascinating, freezing, small, spotless, dirty. tiny. cold, Interesting Answers: non·gradable adjectives are in bracketshot (boiling); cold (freezing); small (tiny): dirty (filthy); clean (spotless); interesting (fascinating)

6a I> Read the rules A and 8 through with the class. Get Ss to look at the sentences and decide if one or both of the intensifiers is correct. Ss should check answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage. b.

Play recording B.7 and get Ss to check their answers. Get whole class feedback.

Mswen:

1 really/absolutely 2 extremely/very 3 really .. really/absolutely Sabsolutely 6 really

3 I> Play recording 8.6 again and get Ss to write one sentence summarising the speaker's main points about each thing in the list. Ask Ss to compare their sentences in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

7.. Read the three phrases in Ex. 1 with the class. TeU Ss to think of a true slory about themselves relating to one of the phrases and to teU their story to a partner.

Grammar

b ..

OPTIONAL GRAM MAR LEAD·I N Get Ss to think back to Ex. 7 and try to remember the story thai their partner told them. Ask them to write

Explain to 5s that these verbs are followed by particular verb constructions. Get them to write the verbs in bold from Ex. loa in the correct place in the table. Remind them to look at the verb patterns which follow the verbs i n bold. Get whole class feedback.

-...-.

down two sentences from their partner's story. Then ask them to rewrite the two sentences in ~ported speech. (e.g. 'I worked hord (or my uams.' He soid thot he hod worked hard for his exams.) Get feedback by asking 5s to report to the class on what

their partner said, usIng reported speech. . ... Play recording 8.8 and tell Ss to complete the .-cenees and questions. Ss check in pairs. Get feedback.

• I . .nt :I I won 3 I'm not JOIna/today 5 .re you fHUns: 6 Will you/me tomorrow? • • Get Ss to look at the reported speech in the Active pnmar box and to compare it with the direct speech in b. iii. Get S5 to find examples or changes/differences IIItween the direct and reported speech and to write them the bolt (1-6). Ss check In pairs. Get class feedback.

6 are you feeling ~ he was feeling

'bock_

(Change In

2 _

1.-

verb + gerund

2'"

)'Ou~him;me ~ he,

_ •.) 3 Coned - The Is itnOreci here beuuse the sltu.tkMt Is SliU • She tCIId him _ (No object .ftet' said.) Conwct 6 l .skeeI her If sbI wanted _ {You need If yes/no 7 CorTeCt 8 Correct Is hen! because !lie

admit. 5UQgft/

"I. _ 1 He _mltted brelkinl the window the . . - cloy when he kicked. baUlhroush It by misbke. suaested trytnl the new IlaUin I'MbUrant when they went out that Friday. ) She decided to stay in that: nfsht because she was completely exhMasted. 4 He tokl me he was pHns to buy his Plh1tnd IOI'nf ftowtrs IS • \Qy of sayInJ sorry. S She uIr.ed me if I WIS lOins to book tickets for the cinema or if I was ptns to lust tum up. 6 She warned me not to be late for my Interview that afternoon. 7 The tuchtr reminded us to brlns ou, homeworit to ...., by 9.00 the foUowin. Monday momln.. 8 He promlHCI to PlY me back IU the money he owed me by the next clay.

S today ~ that day; tomorrow ~ the following day

... TeU 5s to read rules A-f in the Active grammar box. get them to decide If the sentences are correct or ... correcting the ones which are wrong. Get 5s to check ~rs In pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

CI$k. ,.,mlnd "",fills<. dec/do

verb + obfed: + (thot) verb + obfect + InflnlttYe verb + Infinitive

11 " Get 5s to rewrite the statements in reported speech starting with the words given. Remind them to change all necessary parts of the sentences (Including pronouns, time references) After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Active grammar 1 won ~ had won; am not going to ~ wasn't going to 2 wilt ~ would ) I~she 4

verb + (thot)

,,11. wom

Person to per son 12 " TeU Ss to choose option A or B. Then get them to follow the instructions for the one they have chosen, writing notes and then telling their partner.

Speaking 13a .. Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss in pairs what they think is happening in each one. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

b"

loa ..

Read the sentences with the class. Get 5s in

.-so to check they understand the meanings of the verbs • DoId. Give 5s dictionaries. Get feedback.

1 4 " Get 5s to work in small groups and tell each other about the person who helped them to succeed (using their notes if necessary). Tell them to make notes about other 5s' experiences as they are listening to each other.

twt*td: make someone remember somethtlll (usuaIy unwIUInaIv) that sometNns else Is ri8hI _ _ 10 Iell in • way that is deIr and

b"

suggest: to tell someone

Lifelon g learning

happen wam: to teU someone that somethIna: bad _ ......... _ _ _ so avoid or ....... I

Get S5 to think about someone who has helped them to succeed in something. Tell them to make notes using the questions to help.

deddt. to make • choice

Ask Ss to report back to the class about the most interesting story they heard. Remind them to use reported speech where appropriate .

.. Read through the bullet points with the class. Then get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs. Get 5s to add more points to the list. Get class feedback.

8.3

Tot;;..oo = m=-_ _ _ _ _ _.....I

Ryde Teaching Services (based in South-east England and formerly known as Ryde College) run a number of courses for students of aU ages. The courses range from ICT and computing to Maths, English and French. What makes them

different is their belief that children should be allowed to progress according to their ability rather than their age. This philosophy means that they have children as young as two taking their courses and students taking GCSE exams at the age of six or seven. (GCSEs or 'General Certificate in Secondary Education' are public exams in Britain and afe usually taken at the age of sixteen). Some people feel it is wrong to push children to study so hard so young but Ryde

believes that 'children have an amazing ability to learn' and want to offer 'courses that will help your child excel in many subjects and help boost their confidence in learning.' For more information go to: www.rydeteaching.co.uk In this lesson, 5s read an article about Ryde College and the perceived advantages of pushing children to study intensively at a very young age. 5s discuss their own reactions to the text and then focus on the grammar of hard and hardly. 5s then do a survey about attitudes to school and education. They finish by writing a report of their survey findings.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the word computer on the board. Get 5s 10 work In pairs and give them a time limit of two minutes. Tell them to write down as many words as they can using the letters in the word computer. Words must have at leasllhree leiters and must nol be names. At the end of two minutes, ask each pair how many words they have. Get whole class feedback and write all the words on the board, checking 5s understand the meanings. (Some answers - not a complete list: come mop put

mute term cut cute cuter mope pure cure core met pet cup tap cap cot part pot crept more pour poet compute comet court true tour route rope our out.)

Reading 1;,. Focus 5s on the photo and get them to discuss the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback. 2;,. Read the question through with the class. Tell 5s to read the text quickly and to answer the question. Remind 5s to look for the answer to the question only, and not to try to understand aU the details at this stage. After checking their answer in pairs, get whole class feedback.

An,...-.: He feels that children avoid wasting time as they do in the first years of SKondary school.

3a'" Get 5s to read the article and decide where each of the sentences 1--6 should go. Encourage them to look at the context of the sentences before and after each gap to help them. b ... Tell Ss to read the text through again from beginning to end, to check their answers. Then get whole class feedback.

_

, 1

D 2

c

3 E



A 5 F 68

4.

Read the list of words through with the class. Get Ss to work in pairs and find the words in the article. Tell them to write a short definition for each one, reminding them to decide on the part of speech and to look at the context around the word. Get whole class feedback. 1 napples - noun: a pIKe of cloth Of paper that you put between a bab(s tess and fasten around its waist 2 former - adjective: happening. existing or true In the past but not now 3 spread - verb: to be communicated " cope - verb: to deal with something successfully 5 head start - noun: an advantage that helps you to be successful 6 qualms - noun: worries or doubts about whether what you a~ dcMngls ri&h' 7 mood - noun: the way that someone feels at a partkul.r time 8. hothouse - noun: a heated Jlass buUdlng, used for IfOWInl tropical plants

~.:

II· Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs or small groups, encouraging them to give reasons to justify their opinions. Get whole ctass feedback.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could do some work on vocabulary on the topic of computers here. Write the following two headings on the board: 1 Parts of a computer 2

Verbs associated with computers

Ask Ss to work in pairs and to write as many words/ phrases for each heading as they can. Give them a time limit of two or three minutes. Get whole class feedback and write the words on the board . (Possible answers: 1 Parts of a computer: mouse, keyboard, printer, hard

drive, software, monftor, modem; 2 Verbs associated with computers: download/ upload,

log on/log off, copy, cut, paste, print, drag, click)

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD· IN Write these sentences on the board and get Ss to complete each one with one word. (If they need more help, tell them to use either hard or hardly).

Studying every weekend {or my exams was _ _ work. 2 The children are encouraged to work _ _ for their exams. 3 The pupils In the college are _ _ out o{ napples. "I'm very tired this morning. 1_ _ slept last night. S I hove _ _ any money. I must go to the bank. 6 She _ _ ever comes to visit us. Just once or twice a year. (Answers: 1 hard 2 hard 3 hardly -4 hardly S hardly 6 hardly) 1

. . . Get 5s to look at examples 1-3 in the Active ~m mar box and decide if the words in bold are ldiKtives or adverbs. After checking in pai rs. get whole tSass feedback. (Check that 5s know that hard can be both .. adjective and an adverb. and that hardly is always an _rtl).

Active grammar 1 Studying

every weekend for my exams was hard work. Adjective

2 The children are encouraged to work hard for their uams. Adverb

1 The pupils In the college are hardly out of napp;es. Adverb , .

Speaking 10 .. Get 5s to (ead the questions and make a note of their answers. Do not get them to discuss the questions with other 5s at this stage .

11a" Read the language in the How to " . box th rough with the class. Get them to add one more way of giving opinions and one more way of iustifying opinions.

b. Get 5s to ask and answer the questions in Ex. 10 with as many other 5s as possible. Remind them to make notes about the responses when asking, and to use the language in the How to " . box when answering. C" Tell 5s to make notes about the main findings of their survey. Encourage them just to write notes at this stage (as they will be writi ng them up as a more formal report in the section that follows).

Tell 5s to look at examples 4-6 in the box.. Get them

.. worit in pairs and ex.plain the meaning of each one in

IIhrr words (not using hardly) . Get whole class feedback.

Actfve grammar Possible answers: 4 This person had almost no sleep ~st night. 5 This person has almost no money. 6 This person rarely visits us. .,. Get Ss to complete the sentences using hard ly and a .erb from the box. in the correct form. Ss should check .-ers in pairs. Then get whole class feedb ack. hardly have 4 hardly know

1

:I

hardly said 3 hardly 5 hardly walk

Writing 12. Refer 5s to the Writing bank on page 164. Tel15s to read the report and answer the question. 5s should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. ~,. Topk 3 _ Wh.t are the mosllmportant quaUtfes of • JOOCI t",her?

• In the Writing 5kills section. Get 5s to discuss the questions with a partner. Then get whole class feedback . Answen: 1 Introduclns the topk of the report :I Reportjnc on the main results of the surwy 3 Statlnc the main conclusion based on the survey 1

... Telt 5s to decide if each sentence is correct or not _ to correct those which are wrong. After checking in fIIirs. get whole class feedback. 3 Not

corr«t.

anything aU day.) 4 Correct 5 CorrKt conect. (We"Ve got hardly any milk left.)

Person to person

-

• • Get Ss to complete the sentences so that they are . . for them. Then get them to compare their sentences a partner. You could get whole class feedback by aking two or three 5s to report back about what their IIIrtner said .

OPTIONAL EXTENSION In order to give Ss further speaking practice using hord and hardly, you could get them to look again at the three sentences in Ex. 9. TI!:I1 them to choose one of the sentences and prl!:pare to talk about it for about one minute. Tell them that they can make a few notes to help them before they start. Then get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and to take turns to speak about their sentence for one minute. Tell them that the emphasis is on fluency at this point, encouraging them to continue speaking and not to worry about mistakes they may make.

Introduction

:I

Survey results

3 Conclusion

13 .. Get 5s to work in small gro ups and to find words or phrases in the report which might be useful in other similar reports. Get whole class feedback. 14'" Tell 5s to choose a topic in Ex. 10 to write a report about. Tell them to write their report in 120-140 words. Remind them to use the paragraph plan and their notes from Ex. 11. Encourage also to look again at the model and the Useful Phrases box in the Writing bank on page 164. OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could use this as an opportunity for 5s to look critically but supportively at each other's writing. Tell 5s that they are going to read each other's reports and to comment constructively on them using the questions below to help. 1 Is the report divided into appropriate paragraphs? :I Is the language used, appropriately formal? 3 Are personal opinions given only in the conclusion? Get 5s to work in pairs and to give each other their written report to read. They should then give feedback to each other using the questions as guidelines. Remind them to be positive and constructive in their criticism.

Communication: Radio phone-in

Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs with three paris

A 'phone-in' is a radio or television programme in which you hear ordinary people expressing opinions or asking questions about various topics over the telephone.

tn this lesson, S5 focus on phrasal verbs with three parts,

including cotch up with, cut down on and make up for.

In this lesson, 5s listen to extracts from a radio phone· in in which the callers talk about their problems and get advice. 5s then get a chance to roleplay a similar radio phone-in.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss to look back at the text Tot.com on page 110 and to find two phrasal verbs with th ree parts (in the third and last paragraph). (Answers:

put in (or.

make

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce 5s to the Idea of problems and advice. Ask them to discuss these questions: Q: What Is a ' Problem page' In a magazine? Q: What kinds of problems do they typically have? Q: Do you ever read them? Why/ Why not1 Q: Do you think th ~ are good thing or not? Why?

up for) . Ask Ss to work in pairs and discuss the meanings of the two verbs. Remind them to use the context around

each one to help.

1" Get Ss to match the phrasal verb in italics with the correct meanings a-j, After checking answers in pai rs, get whole class feedback. _ .,rs: th 2j ]C ltd 8 b g e 101

sa

1" Focus Ss on the photo and get Ss to discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback.

61 78

2a " Tell 5s they are going to liste n to extracts from a radio phone·in. Play recording 8.10 and get Ss to answer the question. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. (You could also get Ss to match the problems with the illustrations).

2 a . Get Ss to complete the sentences with one of the phrasal verbs from Ex. 1 in the correct form. Ss check in pairs, but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

b .. Play recording 8.9 and get Ss to check thei r answers_ Get whole class feedback if necessary.

Answers: 1 5he doesn't understand why a man at WCKk has started avoktln, her. 2 A ma,lthon runner has lost her confldence. 3 He doesn'l understand why he hasn't been promoted at work.

MIwtrs: 1 cut down on 2 set ..ay wi", 3 looking forward to 4 put up with 5 keeping up with 6 put In for 7 come up with 8 made up for 9 look up to 10 catch up with

b .. Play recording 8.10 again and get 5s to decide what advice they would give each caller and why. 5s should discuss their answers in pairs. Then get class feedback.

C " Play recording 8 ,9 again and get Ss to decide which part of the phrasal verb is stressed. After checki ng in pairs, get whole class feedback. AnIwIr: The second part of each phrasal verb Is stressed.

3 a .. Read the sentences through with the class. Then get Ss to discuss the question in pairs. Get whole class feedback.

Answers:

1 and

6 are correct

I

3" Get 5s to work in pairs or small groups and discuss the questions. Get whole class feedback.

4a .. Divide the class into Student As and Student Bs. Get them to decide on some Interesting problems for a radio phone·ln. Encourage Ss to be imaginative and not take it too seriously. b .. Get Ss to work in pairs (one A and one B) and to take turns to roleplay phoning a radio phone·i n programme and asking for advice. You could get one or two pairs to act out their roleplays in front of the class at the end.

b"

Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Answer. The three parts of three-part phrasal verbs are Inseparable. 4"

Get Ss to discuss the questions In small groups.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get Ss to work in pairs and give them a dictionary. Tell them to find two more phrasal verbs with three parts and to write down the meaning and an example sentence. Then get Ss to teU other 5s their verbs with the meanings and example sentences. Get whole class feedback and write the new verbs on the board.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION If you did the optional warmer, remind 5s about problem pages in magazines. If you didn't, you could have a short discussion about them now, Then get 5s to choose one of the problems they heard In Ex. 2 or talked about in El(. '+ and to write a short letter to a problem page about their problem, They then give their letter to another student. 5s read the letter they have been given and write a reply, as If they are the 'agony aunt' at the magazine. Finally get them to give the reply to the relevant student who reads the letter and discusses how they feel about the advice they have been given.

.Beview and p ractioe Answers:

1 I'd

Notes tor using the Common European Framewor k (CEF)

better go to the shops now before

they dose. 2 Would you rather I didn't say anything to your boss? J Correct. 4 I'd rather not work this weekend if at all possible. 5 Had you better take a ra incoat in case it rains? 6 Correct. 7 What's that smell? I thInk It's lime you got the cake out of the aYen. 8 I'd rather take just hand luggage on the plane than a large suitcase.

Aftswers: 1 Tony asked me if I would like to play tennis this/ that weekend. 2 They told me the best time to visit Egypt was in January or february. 3 Helen said she didn't kn ow what time the firework display started. 4 He asked me when I wanted to go and

SH the london Eye. 5 My boss told me I had to make a presentation at the Sales conference next March. 6 The newspaper said one of our athletes had failed a drugs test.

••

Answers: t to do 2 to me S us 6 to go 7 being

Answers: t hard S Hardly 6 hard

••

~rs : t

8.1 Can do: describe different types of people CEF 82 destriptor: Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/ her field of i nterest. (CEF page 59) 8.2 Can do: report and describe what people say to you

••

••

CEF Refer ences

2

hardly

3 to sell

4 taking

3 hardly

4 hard

attention 2 opinionated 3 ecstatic .. succeeded 5 forward 6 outgoing 7 scratch 8 headstrong

CEF 82 descriptor: Can plan what is to be said and the means to say it. considering the effect on the recipient(s). (CEF page 64) 8.] Can do: write a report of survey findings CEF 8 2 descri ptor: Can synthesise information and arguments from a number of sources. (CEF page 62)

CEF quick br ief The Common European Framework suggests that learners need more than language knowledge to communicate successfully in a language. They also need 'communicative competences' which empower the learner to actually use their knowledge. The How to boxes in Total English are designed to develop communicative competences .

Portfolio task Downlood the Total English Portfolio free from www.longmon.com..totolenglish. Objective: to reinforce student autonomy in updating the Portfolio . This task can be done in 5s' Lt .

1 . For homework, ask 5s to update the Passport section of their Portfol io. They might like to reassess their abilities in the different skills areas or add to their list of language learning and intercultural experiences.

2 . Ask 5s to bring their Passport sections in and show them to other 5s.

IlI!I

Overview

!~.ln9~ :vo.........~, law and Insurance :c... do".II. funnv .....,

~I~:::~:~~;:moda::1s ~

of deductions (JrIustl

adjectives

do: speculate about past events cia .....

Lead-in OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce 5s to the topic of crime by asking them to discuss the following questions. Q: How many TV programmes about crime can you name? Q: Do you like crime dramas on TV or films about crimes? Why/ Why not? Which are your bvourftes? Q: Why do you think crime dramas and films are so popular?

1a" Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss the qu estion in pairs. Get b~ef whole class feedback. b ~ Read through the columns and example words with the class, making sure Ss understand all the words. Get them to work in pairs and think of more words and expressions connected with crime and the law. Get whole class feedback and write the new words on the board.

Summary lesson 1; 55 listen to a story about a crime involving cigars. They also read some stories about strange crimes and tell stories to each other using pictures.

Lesson 2: Ss read/hear about two mysterious crimes and

speculate about what might have happened. Lesson 3: Ss read an article about the character Sherlock Holmes and how he was created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. They listen to an interview with an American man whose parents named him Sherlock Holmes after the famous ,detective. Ss also write an article.

Vocabulary: Ss focus on the language used in newspaper headlines includ ing quit, blast. riddle and plea. Communication: 5s read and try to solve six lateral thinking puzzles by discussing their ideas with other 5s. Film bank: The Bullion Robbery U '20") An extract from the classic comedy film The Lavender Hill Mob, made in the UK in 1951. Mr Holland, (played by Alec Guinness) dreams of being rich. For twenty years, he has worked faithfully for a bank delivering gold bullion. One day he befriends Pendlebury, and they hatch a plan to smuggle gold from England to France by forging It into harmless·looking lOy Eiffel Towers. They convince professional criminals l ackery and Shorty to join them and together they plot their crime,leading to unexpected twists and turns. Possible places to use th is short film are: ~ After lesso n 1 to extend the topic of strange crimes. ~ At the end of the unit to round up the topic and language.

For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 160 and Teacher's Book page 186.

2 ~ Read through the headlines with the class. Get Ss to work in pairs and to explain the headlines to each other. Give them dictionaries if necessary. You may want to remind them that newspaper headlines are written in a particular way (we miss out words and use slightly different vocabulary sometimes). The vocabulary page will focus further on the language used in newspaper headlines. Get whole class feed back. Answers: t A Member of Parliament for the area of the newspaper has been stopped by police for driving above the speed limit. 2 Crime connected to the Internet has Increased by 50%. 3 A report has strongly [email protected] prisons for hold ins too many prisoners. It Witnesses in a case of someone accused of fraud have been threatened. This has led to confusion over the Mure of the trial 5 A teacher was involved in an an8J'Y exchanse with another car driver. He/ She has been given a sentence which he/ she will have to do If he commits another crime. 6 An enthusiastic police officer has given out more flnes than any other police officer.

3" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feed back about their ideas.

EXTEND THE LEAD·IN You could continue the dIscussIon about crime by asking Ss to discuss these questions: Q: What are some different ways of punishing people who commit crimes? Q: How do you think society can prevent people from commlttlns crimes? Q: What do you think should be done to Improve the crime situation In your area? Q: Do you think society In senetat is becoming more violent? Why do you think this Is?

I 9.1 Legal madness Ss listen to a true story about a crime involving cigars. The

s:.ory is based on lega l 'loopholes', A loophole is a small ake in the law that makes it possible to avoid doing 1iO!'I'K!:thing that the law is supposed to make you do. In this story. actions which could be classed as crimes are legally .wwed as innocent and seemingly innocent actions are

ttplly viewed as crimes. The result is an absurdly comical SfOfy

totally based on the truth.

:er focussing on the grammar of sequencing devices jog + oed and After + -;ng), 55 tell each other stories MSed on picture stories about crimes which went wrong.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write these words on the board. (All the words are

from the vocabulary in Ex. 1). insuronce premium {roud to file 0 claim co sue someone to guorantee on appeal arson co convict someone of to sentence someone to

• Get Ss to work in pairs and tell each other the tlNnings of any of the words/ phrases that they know. Do . . give them dictionaries at this stage. Get whole class Wdback about their ideas but do not accept or reject any tltheir ideas at this stage.

1. Get 5s to match the words / phrases 1- 10 with the .-propriate definitions a-j. If you did the optional wa rmer, III 5s to check which ones they got correct. Get whole dass feedback.

e ,a

lC2b3 i 41S f 6 h 7j lad

. . . Get 5s to complete the sentences with the words/ IIInses from Ex. t in the correct form. 5s should check in JIiIIfS. but do not get whole class feedback at this stage. , . ptay recording 9.1 and get 5s to check their answers. 5et whole class feedback if necessary. t sue 2 sentenced 3 appeal Iftmlum S convicted 6 insurance ....,...mee 8 arson 9 filed 10 fraud

• • Get Ss to discuss the Questions in small groups. Get -.ole class feedback about their ideas.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could extend the discussion (in Ex. 3) by asking Ss to discuss some or all of the questions below in pairs or small groups. Q; When was the last time you saw a film or

television drllma about crime? What was It about? Q; Choose one film or television drama about crime

that you've seen and describe what happens. Use some of the vocabulary from Ex. 1 and from the lead· in pap.

Listening 4a .

Focus 5s on the picture of a man smoking cigars. TeU them that they are going to listen to a story about a crime involving cigars. Get 5s to work with a partner and suggest what the story might be using as many of the words in Ex. 1 as possible. Get whole class feedback about their ideas but do not accept or reject any of their ideas at this stage •

b. Play recording 9.2 and get 5s to compare their ideas with the actual story. 5s should check In pairs what the actual story was and how similar/ different it was from theirs. Get whole class feed back. :; to Get 5s to read the sentences quickly to themselves. Then play recording 9.2 again and get 5s to put the sentences In the correct order. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback. Answers: 9 A lawyer buys some rare cigars. 7 He Insures the cigars against fire. 5 He smokes the cigars. 3 He makes a claim against the Insurance company. 2 The Insurance company refuses to pay. 8 The lawyer sues the Insurance company. 6 The Insurance company pays the lawyer. 1 The lawyer Is arrested. <\ The lawyer Is sentenced to jail

6a.

Read the expressions through with the class. Play record ing 9.2 again and get 5s to say which of the expressions they hear. Get whole class feedback.

Answrs: Go an; The way It goes Is thai: Fair enough; What an earth for?: You're klddlnsl; Cross my heart

b. Tell 5s to find the expressions in the tapescript on page 174 and get them to work In small groups and discuss the meanings of each one. Remind them to use the context arou nd the expression to help with the meaning. Get whole class feedback. ~ Go on . • Continue with the story/ what you were saying. T~ way It gGf!S Is that ... - This is how the slory goes ._ Folr enough. - That sounds reasonable and fair 10 me• Whot on earth for? - I can't understand that! What for?! You're klddlng! You're joking./you must be joking. Cross my heart. I promise.

OPTIONAL EXTE NSION You could get Ss to do some more work with the expressions in Ex. 6. First play recording 9.2 again and get 5s to repea t the expressions focussing on the pronunciation . Then get them to work in pairs and choose three of the expressions. Get them to tell a story to each other (it could be true or made up) using the three expressions. You could then get them to change pairs and tell their story to other 5s.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You might want to elrtend the topic of strange laws and loopholes in the law. If you have access 10 the

8" Get Ss to complete the sentences by writing the correct form of a verb from the box. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Internet, you could get Ss to do some research either

__ en:

1 goin, 5 won 6 staylnl

Individually or in pairs. They could choose one of the following topIcs and then report back to the class. 1

Strange laws In my country.

2

Strange laws from throughout the world.

:I

PfOIIIised 3 dol"l .. read

9a .... Tell Ss to think about three things that happened

4 Strange laws about food.

to them last week and what they did after each one. You might wa nt to read the example in Ex. 9b through with the class at this stage.

You could tell them the examples of strange laws

b ....

3 Strange laws about clothes.

below to get them started: • You may not have an Ice cream cone in your back pocket at any time. (USA) • Clothes may not be hung to dry on Sunday. (Switzerland)

Get Ss to work in pairs and tell each other the first of the things they did. Their partner should try to guess what they did next. Remind them to tell each other if they were correct or not.

Speaking and-reading

• Hitting a vending machine thai stole your money is Illegal. (USA)

OPTIONAL WARMER

• A man may be arrested for wearIng a skirt. (Italy)

Tell Ss that they are going 10 look at stories about stupid criminals and crimes that went wrong. Get them to work In pairs or small groups and brainstorm different ways in which different crimes could go wrong for the criminal. You may want to give them a time limit (e.g. two minutes). Get Ss to report back their ideas to the class.

• Only licensed electrIcians may change a light bulb. (Australia)

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Get Ss to complete this sentence from the listening, from memory if possible. (If not, get them to find it in the lapescript). .,-_ _ _ the cheque, the lawyer was arrested. (Answer: After cashing ...J

Then, get Ss to complete this sentence so that it means the same as the sentence above. Hoving _ _ the cheque, the lawyer was arrested. (Answer: ... cashed ... )

TeU Ss that they are both sequencing devices (ways of showing the order of events.)

7a" Tell Ss to look at the sentences in the Active grammar box. (They are the same sentences used in the optional grammar lead·in). Get Ss to complete the slructures A and B in the box by writing the correct part of speech for each one. Ss should check in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

10 .... Get Ss to work in pairs and tell them that they are going to look at two picture stories about stupid criminals and crimes that went wrong. Tell Student As to look at the pictures for story 1 on page 120 and Student Bs to look at the pictures for story 2 on page 151. Tell them that the pictures make a story (in the correct order) and they should work out the story with their partner. 11.... Tell Ss to read the story which goes with their picture story to check if thei r ideas were correct or not. Student As should read the story on page 149 and Student Bs should read the story on page 120.

12a .... Tell Ss to prepare to tell their story to another student. Get them to use the language in the How to ... box to help, but remind them to adapt the language for their particular story. b ....

Get Ss to work in pairs with one A and one B. Tell them to show each other their picture stories and to tell their stories. Remind them to include the structures with Hoving. past participle and After. present participle as appropriate.

Active grammar A: Hoving. past participle

B: After. gerund

b .... Get Ss to discuss the question in pairs, reminding them Ihat both these constructions are sequencing devices (ways of showing the order of events.) Get whole class feedback. AI••••: CIaUM 1 comes first In the order of events.

II

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You (ould get Ss to write one of the stories in their own words without looking at the text. They could then compare their version with the text and check how much Is similar and if they have missed anything out.

••81"- a

~I_ _ _ _...

:nis lesson. Ss hear/ read about two crimes. The first is ,crime which happened near Cambridge, UK In 200S. A

puter software engineer caught a burglar red·handed -"'!en he set up a webcam and turned his own PC Into a sophisticated surveillance system. He even worked out how obtain the pictures if. as it turned out was the case, the f siole Ihe webcam and computer itselr. The second crime

Active grammar A Use might hove + past participle to say that you think something is possible In the past. B Use can't have ... past participle to say that you think something is not possible In the past. C Use must have ... past partiCiple to say that you are certain about something In the past.

15 the mysterious case of 0.8. Cooper on a night to Seattle, .J5A in 1971. He hijacked the plane and demanded $200,000 Md four parachutes. Then, after apparently parachuting out fI the plane. was never seen again. No trace has ever been

4. Get Ss to choose the correct alternative in each

bond of him or the money and he has now entered history lOOks as an authentic American legend. For mort! information IDOUt the O.B. Cooper mystery, go to: www.crlmelibrary.com / inaLmind/scams/ OB_Cooper

AnIwIrs: I can't 2 mlsht 3 must 4 can't 5 mlJht 6 must 7 must 8 can't

55 listen to the story of the 'webcam burglar' and focus on the If1Immar of past modals of deduction (must,might,tan'r have AlrM), speculating about what could have happened. Ss then -..d about the crime and mystery surrounding O.B. Cooper _ discuss their reactions to the story, again speculating ~ the various mysterious elements In the story.

sentence. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class fee dback.

ria . TeU Ss to complete the sentences using must/ might/can't hove and an appropriate word from the bo.... 5s should check their answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

b ... Play recording 9.4 and get 5s to check their answers. Tell 5s to pay attention to the pronunciation of must/ might/ can't hove while they are listening and answer the question. Get whole class feedback.

OPTIONAL WARMER Introduce Ss to the topic of home security. TeU 5s to look at these words: guard dog, security camero, caretaker, and say what they have in common (Answer: they are related to the theme of home security - aU ways of protecting your home/ property). Check 5s understand all the words. Then ask them to work in pairs and continue the list, ~dlng more ways of protecting your home against burgtars and intruders. You could ask which ones Ss have personal experience of. (Possible answers: burglar alarms, remote·controlled gates, combination locks, padlocks, deadlocks, window locks, door chains, window bars and grilles, shutters, peepholes, CCTV/video surveillance)

Grammar

~.~ 1

misht have been a

can't have forJotten

3 misht have sane 4 mUlt hive told 5 can't have spent 6 must have 11ft 7 can't have nnlshed 8 mlsht have dropped how is pronounced IS. welk form /:Jvl 6. Tell Ss to think back to the story in the photos in Ex. t. Briefly, get them to discuss how they think the police found the photos. Then play recording 9.5 and get 5s to check their ideas. Get whole class feedback.

AMwIfI: Duncan Grisby (the homeowner) had set up • webeam which stilted recordlns when il detected mowment.nd then sent the pictures .utomatically to I prlYate email address.

Vocabulary

1'IIwfe is no optional grammar lead·in here because the .."mar comes directly from the photos and the listening Us. t and 2.

OPTIONAL VOCABULARY LEAD-IN

1.

minute single last minded

• • Play re
Ask 5s to make two new adjectives by combining them . (Answers: single·mlnded; last·mlnute). Check that 5s understand the meanings (Answers: slngle·mlnded _ fO(ussed and determined; last·minute . the latest possible time before something happens). Elicit/ tell 5s that they are called compound adjectives (made up of two parts).

Focus Ss on the photos and ask them to discuss the etfStion. Get whole class feedback about their ideas but • not accept or reject any of their Ideas at this stage.

-.

Someone Is stealing computer equipment

a.

Get 5s to read the examples 1-3 in the Active IRmmar box and complete rules A-C. Ss should check in ·rs. Then get whole class feedback.

Write these words on the board randomly:

7'" Get Ss to combine a word from colum n A with a word from column B to make compound adjectives. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary and get them to check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feed bac k.

AftIwets: 1 ~ngte-mlnded 2 oftHfay 3 middleaged "Ieft·handed S horne-mede 6 lastminute 7 part-time 8 so-called 9 tJme.consumlna 10 brand-new

8a ... Get Ss to complete the sentences with the compound adjectives from Ex. 7. Ss should check answers in pairs but do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

_tllrs.:

1211>- Tell Ss to read the article again and answer the questions. After checking answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. AlIt" ••: 1 A briefcase. 2 $200,000 and four parKhutes by sp.m. ] Because of his slnste-mlnded behaviour. 4 A few minutes after 7.3OPm. 5 At 8.12pm. 6 Because they flew too fast. 7 federal agents and Army troops. 8 A Wltertoged bal contalnina 294 mouldy $20 notes. 9 It was the first 'skyjacking" for money. No one was hurt and the skyjacker Just disappeared under the noses of the FBI. 10 There have been thre books. • play. a 81m•• sonl .nd thousands of 0.8. Cooper bars and restlutlnts. There Is also an annual 'DB Cooper Days festival'lncludlnl • O.B. Cooper look-atlke contest and hatf-a-dozen parachutists make • jump.

Answers: 1 brand-new 2 middle-aged 3 singleminded 4 one-way 5 lime-c:onsumlng 6 last· minute 7 left·handed 8 so-c:alled 9 part-time 10 home-made 9'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in small groups. Get

whole class feedback by asking each group to report back about the most interesting point they discussed.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You (ould get Ss to find and learn some more compound adjectives. Divide the ctass Into Groups A and B. Group A should look at list A below and Group B should look at list 8 . Get them to use dictionaries to find the compound adjectives given, chec.king the meaning and pronunciation. Tell them to write an example sentence for each too.

A: blg·heoded; two-toced; weI/-off, sugar-free B: self-centred; absent-minded; hard-Up; off-peak

Then regroup Ss into pairs (one A and one B). Tell them to teach each other their adjectives, focussing on meaning and pronunciation and giving their partner an example sentence.

Reading OPTIONAL WARMER You could get Ss to speculate about the story of O.B. Cooper before they read it. Tell them the story Is a mystery about a man called O.B. Cooper who stole $200,000 and who was never caught. Tell them the story includes the words: briefcase. flight attendant. parachutes, waterlogged bag. submarine. Get Ss to work in pairs or small groups and to discuss what they think the story might be. Get whole class feedback but do not accept or reject any ideas at this stage.

1011>- Tell Ss to work in pairs and to discuss the question. Check that they can say the amount of money correctly ($200,000"" two hundred thousand dollars) . Get whole class feedback about their ideas. 1111>- Get Ss to read the article quickly and tell them to briefly summarise how O.B. Cooper managed to steal $200,000. Remind them not to worry about understanding all the details at this stage. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

--II

He sot on a plane and persuaded I fUlht

attendant M was carryfns a bomb. He demanded ~ ud parachutes and then jumped out of the p&ine.

13" TeU 5s to find three compound adjectives in the text. (They are all from Ex. 7). Get whole class feedback.

I

AMwlrs: mlddte--apd; one-way; sllIJIe-mlnded

14" Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback about their ideas. OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could use the text to do some further work on numbers. Get Ss to find and underline all the different numbers in the text (times. amounts of money, night numbers). Get whole class feedback and write them on the board. (Answers below). Then ask Ss to work in pairs and check with each other how to say each of the numbers. Get whole class feedback. (Answers: 2pm '" two p m; 24th November 1971 '" the twenty fourth of November nineteen seventy one; 0 120 note '" a twenty dollar note Flight 305'" three oh five; $200,000 - two hundred thousand dollars; 10,000 feet'" ten thousand feet; 7.30pm '" seven thirty p m; 8.12pm '" eight twelve pm; F-J06 fighterplones - one 0 six Boeing 727 '" seven two seven; 1980 - nineteen eighty; 294 '" two hundred and ninety four; $20 notes '" twenty dollar notes) Ss could then practise saying more numbers by writing a list of a variety of types of numbers and asking another student to say them correctly.

I

••8 Sherlock or not? Y Arthur Conan Doyle published the first Sherlock Holmes Sb'y in 1887. The popularity of the character grew rapidly as

... appeared in an ongoing series of self·contained stories. Soon people loved Holmes so much that they refused

Answtrs: 1 Professor - student 2 UnNerstty of Edinburgh Medical School 1 'IBn 4 playtng sport 5 blrd·watchlng 6 tattoos 7 hands S 1887 9 Saker Street and 5(ottand Yard

• oelieve he wasn't a real person; letters addressed to

3" Tell Ss to work together and read the text again

"5ntrlock Holmes, Consulting Detective' arrived daily al Z2\.I) Baker Street, each begging him to take on a feal case. gh Holmes is, of course, a fictional character he was -.rtY based on a feal person. Dr Joseph Bell, the man who M.?Ued Ihe character of Sherlock Holmes shared many ies with the famous detective. Conan Doyle met Dr BeU ~77 at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. For information go to www.sherlock·holmes.co.uk

to find words that mean each of the definitions given. Remind them that the paragraph numbers are given and they should look at the co ntext of the se ntence to check their ideas. Get whole class feedback.

,,""netica, there is a man whose parents were so keen on h<1ock Holmes as a character and a phenomenon, that they ....-ltd their son after him. 'Sherlock Holmes', who likes to be caRd Holmes, is also a huge fan of the books and collects • sons of 'Sherlockiana'. He says he gets many different ..mons to his name: from general surprise to people who ~ ~otally convinced he is the real detective.

4 .... Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

• lesson. Ss re ad an article about the character Sherlock s and how he was created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle being inspired by his professor Dr Joseph Bell. Ss then tIc..:s on the grammar of relative clauses (both defining and .....fining) . Ss also listen to an interview with the American ~ whose parents named him Sherlock Holmes after the ~s detective. They finish by writing an article .

*'

AM_I: 1 to Inspire 2 brilliant 4 an Innovation 5 to bel

3' ward

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get your Ss to read a Sherlock Holmes story and then write a short review or give a short presentation to the class about it. There are several Sherlock Holmes stories in the Penguin Readers series. The most appropriate for this level are: Sherlock Holmes short stories (level 5 - Upper Intermediate) and Three adventures of Sherlock Holmes (Ievel,+ - Intermediate).

Grammar OPTIONAL WARMER kltroduce Ss to the topIc of detective stories. Write the word 'Whodunit' on the board and ask Ss to discuss what it is. (Answer: Whodunit '" 'who done it' ..cI is another way of describing a detective story or a urder mystery book.)

Ask Ss to discuss these questions: Q; Do you like re.dlng 'whodunits'? Why / Why not? Q; CIIn you n.me any . uthors or characters of famous _ectlve books? (Most famous ones are: Sherlock .... mes/ Sir Arthur (onan Doyle; Ag.tha Christie; llercule Polrot.) Which Is your favourite ? Why? Q; Why do you think murder mystery books are so ..,ular?

.-ding . ..

Focus Ss on the photo and get Ss to discuss the in pairs. Get whole class feedback but do not .upt or re ject their ideas at this stage • ~ns

... Tell Ss to read the text quickly and check their -.ers. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then. get class feedback.

2 No. he Is • fictional character (but he was by. real person) 3 He is famous for belns a detective In the stories by Arthur Conan Doyte. the first book In

z.

Get Ss to read the text agai n and complete the . Ss should check answers in pairs. Then get whole ;:ass feedback.

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN

Write these two sentences on the boa rd and ask Ss to discuss with a partner the dIfference In meaning between them. 1

The book which I read yesterday was fantastic.

2

The book, which I read yesterday. was fantastic.

(Answer: Sentence 1 is referring to a specific book which I read yesterday. The informa tion 'which I read yesterday' is crucial to defining which book we are talking about. Sentence 2 is referring to a book wh ich we both already know about and the fact that I read it yesterday is additional but not essential information about it.) You could elicit/ tell Ss what these types of clauses are called. (Answers: t = a defining relative clause; 2 = a non-defining relative clause)

:S .. Tell Ss to read the information In the Active grammar box and decide which of the examples 1-5 contain 'defining relative clauses' and which contain ' non·defining relative clauses' . Ss should check answers in pairs. Then, get whole class feedback.

Active grammar 1

Defining

2

Non-defining

3 Defining

'+ Non-defining 5 Non-defining

'.l.".

6'" Get Ss to join the pairs of sentences to make one sentence. Remind them to think about the use of commas and read the example through with the class to get them going. After checking in pairs, get whole class feedback.

AnIwIrs: 1 John, who has been my best friend since school. Is helpins me to start a new business. 2 My currenl ftat. which 1\Ie been In for a couple of years, needs redecoratlns. 3 Tlmsln, whose parents MlllJlIled to Australia last year, Is golns there for the winter. "My nelpbour, who I've always liked, has given me his old computer. S The family It the end of the rold, whose dog barks constantly, are thlnklns of moving. 6 TInl's car, which she's had for years, Is up for sale.

7'" Ask Ss to complete the sentences In a way that makes sense. Tell them that there is no one ri ght answer and ask them to compare their sentences with another student. Get whole class feedback. PossI.... answers: 1 Where Ire the teans which you wanted me to menci? 2 That's the pop star who said we should increase ald to AfrIca. 3 She's the little girt whose bike was stolen. If I'd like to find a place where I an set a good cup of coffee. S I think that's the couple whose car Is blocking my drive. 6 We went to a shop where they had some amazing Jewellery. 7 Wasn't It your father who was on the TV news last night? 8 She bought the mobile phone which was on sale because it was last year's model.

Person to person 8 ... Read the example and the three starter sentences through with the class. Get Ss to tell each other three interesting things about themselves starting with the words given. Get whole class feedback by asking three or fou r Ss to report back about their partner.

Listening 9a'"

Tell Ss that they are going to listen to an interview with an ordinary American man whose name is 'Sherlock Holmes'. First, get them to discuss the Questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback about their ideas but do not accept or reject their ideas at this stage.

b... Play recording 9.6 and get Ss to check their ideas. After discussing in pairs, get whole class feedback.

AMwNn: 1 BKause his parents were great fans of the orialnal Conan Doyte stories. 2 People don't forpt you. People make funny comments. People think you can solve mysteries.

10'" Play recording 9.6 again and get Ss to explain the Significance of the things in the list. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then, get whole class feedback.

s: 1 This Is what the American Shertodr. Holmes likes to be called. 2 His parents were great fans of these. 3 Shertock Holmes was his parents' favourite IlterafY figure. 4 This Is what people sometimes ask him when they're trying to be funny. thmk he can explain what TV magicians do. 6 This Is someone who asked him to Map find her son. 7 This is how much the son had taken from his woltt to help him start his new life. S This Is what he used to look for clues In the house of his frlencfs SOR.

5_-

11'" Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. If possible, get Ss to move around and talk to as many other S5 as they can . Get whole class feedback, comparing different opinions in the class.

Writing

-

12'" Refer Ss to the Writing Bank on page 164. Tell Ss to read the article which is based on the interview with Sherlock Holmes in Ex. 9. and find five differences between the article and the interview. Ss should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AnIwtrs: 1 He prefers to be called 'Holmes' not 'Sherlock'. 2 They didn't always know they were going to give him this name. They discussed a number of possible first names. 3 He didn't get angry about people's reactions to his name early on. " He's never been Interested In magic. S The police didn't call him - It was the mother of an old family friend.



In the Writing Skill section: Get Ss to work with a partner. Tell them to look at the underlined words in the text and say what each one refers to. Get whole class feedback. AnswIrs: 1 'In the heart of the USA'

2 his parents 3 the name 'Shertock Holmes' " his name S ashop assistant 6 the poUce

... Ask Ss to discuss the question in Ex. 2b in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. AM-= Referencinl words Improve a text by maid", It flow cohesively without the need for SO much repetition.

13'" Tell Ss that they are going to write an article about a famous crime. Focus Ss on the photos and tell them they are gOing to listen to a description of how Nick Leeson (the man in the photos) broke the Barings Investment Bank. Play recording 9.7 and get Ss to make notes about the story. Get Ss to follow the instructions and write their article. OPTIONAL ALTERNATIVE Ss do not need to write the artide about Nick Leeson and Sarings Sank if they know enough Information about another famous crime to write about.

Vooabulary:

. . .ap.aper headlines :rus lesson. Ss focus on the language used in newspaper CllHdlines which arl! usually made short to fit them on the ~ and to create more impact. To achieve this, headlines

.-...en miss oul words (e.g. articles. pronouns) and use slightly rent vocabulary such as quit and plea.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write headline on the board. Make sure Ss understand what 11 means. Get 55, in pairs. 10 write a list of as many words starting with, the word 'head' as they can in two minutes. Gel class feedback. Write the words on the board and make sure 55 understand them. (E.g.: Iwod/ng. headache, headlong. headquarters, headstrong, heoddress. headfirst. headhunt. headset. headmaster. headphones. headstand, heodscorf)

1 . Get 55 to discuss the questions in paIrs. Get brief class feedback about their opinions. . .. Explain that headlines often use Slightly different .abulary, especially shorter words for more Impact. Get Ss. in pairs, to match the words 1-12 (from headlines) with . . meanings a--{ using dictionaries if necessary.

tk

2f 31

4h

5c 61 7d 81

, sob Ite ua .... Ask 5s to discuss. in pairs. what they think the two -..dUnes at the top of the page mean. Get class feedback. 1 A well·known Hollywood ,(lor has Invotved in a tense situation in II blink. maybe 2 The Prime Minister's diaries have and no one knows why.

3 " Get Ss to choose the most likely alternative in each tlNdUne. After checking in pairs, get ctass feedback.

~ .. Ask Ss to discuss the questions in small groups. Then gel whole class feedback .

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get Ss to look at an English newspaper (In a library. online or buy one) and to choose some headlines and/ or an article which caught their eye and to e"'plain to the class what they found Interesting about them. (They could prepare a short summary of what the article is about.)

Communication: Mind benders Lateral thinking puzzles are stories in which you have some basic clues to a realistic scenario, but the clues don't tell the futl story. You need to work out the full story using problem·solving that involves looking at the situation from une... pected angles. You need to think 'outslde the bo...•. For more lateral thinking puzzles. go to: eluzlons.com In Ihis lesson, 5s work on trying to solve si... lateral thinking puzzles by discussing their Ideas with other 5s. They get the chance to read the actual answers to each puzzle .

OPTIONAL WARMER Write these different types of puzzles on the board and ask 5s to e...plain to each other what they are. crossword. sudoku. wordsearch. laterol thinking puzzle, jigsaw puzzle. anagrom

Ask Ss to discuss the following questions: Q: Can you add any more types of puule to the list? Q: Which are your favourite types of puule7 Why?

1" Tell Ss that they are goi ng to try to so lve si... lateral thinking puzzles. Get them to follow instructions 1-3. You could then get 55 to change partners and share their ideas again. 2 " Get 5s to choose the one puzzle that they are most

1 Key

2 UK

3 blaze

• bIIck

6 dash 7 bids ~ 8 quits .. .. Get 5s to look at the headlines and discuss the ~ions in pairs. Remind them to justify their opi nions. 6ft class feedback by asking each pair which headlines -.ry would most/ least be interested in reading and why.

1 Exported pds have Increased as the of • cut In Inteft'Sll'ltes. 2 Aprtnc.e and a fuhktn . . JOins 10 let married. 3 Someone who works

-:~:=~.Iis taIUns them to court betiluse of sex ~

:

• Manchester United football team have In a tournament. 5 An MP has been inYOlwd

a

~: ~~::some way. 6 There is mystery surroundl.,. by Van Gogh. 7 Someone who worked as II

BUCkingham Palace has reslped. 8 Cape Town Ittemptlnl to be the hosl for the next Olympic Games. 9 A bomb has exploded in northern India. 10 TMre has been I problem with fe
interested in and read the e"'planation on the appropriate page. Remind them not to tell each other the e...planation at Ihls stage. Get 5s to follow Instructions 1-3. 1 Tell them to write two Yes/ No questions about each of the other five puzzles. 2 Get 5s to ask each other the questions. Encourage them to answer only 'yes' or 'no' and not to give any more inrormation away at this stage. 1 Get Ss to work with other Ss and to try to solve the puzzles again using their additional information •

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Get Ss to find a puzzle (in a book or on the tnternet) or create one themselves. E.g. they could make a wordsearch using vocabulary from this unit.

Notes for using the Common European Framework (CEF)

Review and practice Answers: 1 After travelling/ Having travelled fo r hours

to get to the village. she thought she should stay there

fo r at least a couple of days.

2

After seeing/Having

seen his neighbour struggling with a lot of heavy bags, he offered 10 help her. 3 After coming/ Having come first in her university exams, she was approached by a top firm of lawyers. 4 After taking / Having laken home an injured cat she had found by the side of the

road, she felt she had to keep it. 5 After seei ngl Having seen a young man take 11 CD without paying, he told the security staff. 6 After speaking / Having spoken to his father. he told his boss he wanted a raise. 7 After getting/ Having got a long leiter from

their cousin, they decided to go and see him.

CEF References 9.1 (an do: tell a funny story CEF 82 descriptor: Can give clear. systematically developed descriptions and presentations, with appropriate highlighting of significant points. and rele vant supporting detail. (CEF page 58) 9.2. Can do: speculate about past events CEF B2 descriptor: Can account for and sustain his/ her opinions in discussion by providing relevant explanations. arguments and comments. (CEF page 77) 9.3 Can do: write an artide~

An swers: 1 He might have stayed late at the office. 2 I can't have left my gloves in the car. 3 She must have shown me her holiday photos at least ten times. 4 She can't have finished all her homework already. 5 They must have been really pleased to win the competition. 6 My leiter might have got lost in the post.

Answers: 1 No commas necessary. 2 I'm going to spend a few days in Seville, where I fi rst met Raque!. 3 No commas necessary. 4 No commas necessary. 5 We decided to stay at the Regina Hotel, which some friends had recommended to us. 6 Tim, whose job involves a lot of travelling, has offered to let us use his flat for a few weeks.

CEF 82. descript or: Can write dear, detailed texts on a variety of su bjects related to his/ her field of interest, synthesising and evaluating information and arguments from a number of sources. (CEF page 61)

CEF quick brief There are hundreds of Can do statements in the Common European Framework. which can make it difficult for a learner to assess their level. To simplify matters The CEF contains a 'self·assessment grid' containing brief descriptions of what a learner Can do at each of the six major levels. This grid is in the Total English Portfolio.

Portfolio task Download the Total English Portfolio free from www.longmon.com/totolenglish. Objective: to reinforce student autonomy in updating the Portfolio.

Answers: 1 Steve works for a sma ll company which! that makes kitchen equipment. 2 Correct 3 Did you hear exactly what he said? 4 The demonstration, which had been going on for several days. is finally over. 5 Correct 6 My sister, who speaks French and Italian fluently. wants to be an interpreter.

Answers: 1 left·handed 2 aid 3 appeal minute 5 Fair 6 guarantee 7 blaze

4 last·

This task can be done in 5s' own language.

1 ~ For homework. ask 5s to update the Biography section of their Portfolio. They might like to reassess their language learn ing aims, history or significant experiences. They might also like to go over the Can do statements again and tick the new objectives at B1 and B2 level that they can now achieve.

2~

Ask 5s to bring their Biography sections in and show them to other 5s.

Lead-In G,.....,-: refteJdve pronouns

OPTIONAL WARMER Write these ellpresslons with mind on the board and ask Ss to discuss in pairs what they think they mean .

Can do: ask about and tHe your own ...." . I • nd opinions

tl don't mind where we go. 2 Mind what you're dOing with that! 3 /' m In two minds about It. 4 /'/1 bear it In mind. 5 It completely slipped my mind. 6 Are you out of your mind?

G,u..nar: prunds and Infinitives Vocabulary: adwrtlslnl

Can do: wrhe the al'luments tor and ap lnst a point of view

Gram....n If strudures (2)

(Answers: 1 I don't cite/ It doesn't matter where we go. 2 Be careful what you're doing with Ihatl 3 I'm undecided about iI. 4 I'll remember It for reference. 5 t completely forgot. 6 Are you crazy! . bIt mad?)

Vocabul8ry: speaking Can do: talk about your regrets and resolutions Commonty mlsspelt words How does your mind work?

1" Focus Ss on the photos and ask them to discuss the questions. Get whole class fee dback. "In.: Connected with the (power or) the mind

Summary Iason 1: Ss read an article about the famous hypnotist Paul lidenna and his work. They listen to people giving opinions . , then give their own opinions on a variety of topics. Ysson 2 : Ss listen to an extract from a radio programme t persuasion tactics In advertising and retail. They write essay putting forward points for and against an argument. I.ason 3: Ss read an extract from the novel Brave New by Aldous HUllley focussing on brainwashing and itioning. They also talk about their regrets in Ihe past ..., rHQlu tions for the future. 1IIabulary: Ss focus on commonly misspell words. ' -munlcation: Ss do a quiz and discuss different ways in people think and approach life e.g. analytical people, ~rsonal people, physical people. Film bank: Yes. Prime Minister (1(10") An atract from Yes. Prime Minister, one of Britain's most well-known political satirical TV series. In this series, which makes fun of political games, the newlytl«ted Prime Minister attempts to make various bold changes but these generally come to nothing, thanks to the manoeuvring of his manipulative Cabinet SKretary, who opposes action or change of any sort. In this extract, the Prime Minister is being given ..:Mce on how he looks and how he should behave before giving a political broadcast on TV.

Possible places to use this short film are: to After Lesson 2 to elltend the topic of persuasion (in politics. retail and advertising). to At the end of the unit to round up the topic and Ynguage. For ways to use this short film in class, see Students' Book page 161 and Teacher's Book page t87.

2a ... Get Ss to work with a partner and match photos with the quotes and explain to each other what they think the phrases in italics mea n. Get class feedback. 1-3

AnswwI: Pid ure 1: tM power of persuasion . the skill of persuading someone to do something Pkture 2 : mind OVf'r motter . using your thoughts to control physical Iftlings or an unpleasant situation Pidure 3: willpower . the ability to control your mind and body In order to achIeve something you want to do

b..

Get Ss to discuss the questions In pai rs and give details in their answers. Get whole class feedb ack .

3a.. Read the questions with the class but do not explain unknown words. Tell Ss they will listen to sill people answeri ng one question each. Play record ing 10.1 and get Ss to make brief notes about each answer. Ss ch&k answers in pairs. Then get class feed back. """"In.: Sft transcript for recording to.t in Students' Book on pap t75,

b'"

In pairs. Ss write a short definition for each phrase in italic.s. Encourage them to think about the meanings in the context and to check their defi nitions in dictionaries.

Answtn: t a stflnce 'H ling that something bad Is

solne to happen 2 a Iftling that what Is happening now Mis Mippened before 3 to use the ability to understand or know something because of a Iftl/ng flther than considering the facts .t\ a special ability to know things without using your five ordinary senses S unable to see, move, feel. because you are not conscious 6 fears that are hidden In your mind and affect your behlY6our, but you don't know are there C to Get Ss to ask and answer the questions in pairs.

10.1 Look into my eyes Paul McKenna is a well-known hypnotist working in London with a variety of people, many of them rich and famous_ He helps people with various different problems ranging from fear of flying to fear of your own fingernails. As well as his own private practice, McKenna has an incredibly successful TV career, with programmes like The Hypnotic World of Paul McKenna. His two -year contract with one television station is said to be worth about £2 .smillion. His private practice and his TV work have made McKenna into a 'household name' and given him almost guru-like status with a large following of satisfied customers. For more information go to: www.paulmckenna.com

2a~ Get 5s to read the text again and decide ifthe statements are true, false or we don't know. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Answers: 1 T 2 T 3 OK 4 F 5 T

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could do some more intensive vocabulary work here before moving on to the summary-writing exercise. Get Ss to work in pairs and to find the following phrases in the text. Tell them to look at the context around each phrase and try to explain to each other what they mean. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. (para. 1) 2 bustling with activity (para. 2) 3 eclectic band offollowers (para.3) 4 completely at a loss (RSna. 3) 1 modern-day guru

In this lesson, Ss read an article about Paul McKenna and his work as a hypnotist and then focus on the grammar of reflexive pronouns. Ss then listen to people giving their opinions about McKenna and hypnosis and give their own opinions on a variety of topics.

(Answers: 1 someone

who knows a lot about a particular subject, and gives advice to other people 2 very busy with lots of people doing different things 3 a group of people made up of a mixture of many different types 4 completely confused and uncertain about what to do or say)

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the words below on the board and ask Ss to discuss this question: Q: Which of these words mean (more or less) frightened and which mean (more or less) the opposite? Give Ss dictionaries if necessary. afraid brave intrepid nervous courageous terrified scared dauntless petrified daring bold anxious

(Answers: frightened = afraid, scared, anxious, nervous, terrified, petrified; not frightened = brave, courageous, bold, intrepid, dauntless, daring) You could then get Ss to discuss these questions: Q: Is there anything that you are particularly scared of? Why do you think this is? Q: Do you know anyone who has a phobia? What is it and why? Q: Do you think you are courageous person? Do you know anyone who is particularly daring or intrepid?

Reading la~

Focus Ss on the photos and check they know what a hypnotist is (someone who puts people in a state similar to sleep and then influences their thoughts and actions). ~ Get 5s to discuss the question in pairs. If you did the optional warmer, remind 5s they can talk about some of the fears they discussed here, but they should also think of other 'problems' e.g. trying to give up smoking. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

b~

Get 5s to read the text quickly and answer the questions. Remind them not to worry about unknown words at this stage but just to focus on answering the questions. 5s should check answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback.

Answers: 1 (giving up) smoking, Oack of) motivation, fear of flying, depression, phobias (e.g. someone who thought her fingernails were turning Into knives) 2 Impressed



b~

Get Ss to write a paragraph summarising the main points of the text in about seventy-five words. If you think Ss need more guidance with this, you could tell them to start with these words: Paul McKenna is an extremely successful hypnotist who ... , and to include details about the following three areas: •

What his job is (including who he deals with and why)?



What he does when he hypnotises people?



What makes him so successful?

C ~ Tell 5s to read their partner's paragraph and compare them. Get whole class feedback by asking 5s to say if they included the same points as their partner or how they were different.

3

~ Get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back on one of their points.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write the three words below on the board and ask Ss this question: Q: What is the difference grammatically between them? me myself I (Answer: me = object pronoun; myself = reflexive pronoun; I =subject pronoun) Then ask Ss to work together to list subject pronouns, object pronouns and reflexive pronouns. (Answers: Subject pronouns = I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they Object pronouns = me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them Reflexive pronouns = myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves)

{

4. Get 5s to complete the reflexive pronouns in the Active grammar box. Get whole class feedback.

9'"-'

Active grammar I myself 2 himself 3 ilSelf 4 ourselves 5 yourselves 6 themselves

&&. Get 5s to match the examples 1-6 with the correct rule A or B in the Active grammar box. 5s should check Mtswers in pairs. Then, get whole class feedback. (

.......: Rule A:

AnANn: 2 favour 3 btl~ 4 doubts 5 sceptk,l 6 apinsl 7 doubt 8 convinced

a. ) and 5

Rule B: 2,. and 6

b.

Read through the three sentences with the class. Then get 5s to discuss the question In pairs. Get whole class feedback.

"'•• a:

Sentence 1 me.ns we tlught tennis to both Sentence 2 ItHnS I tlught you and you tautht me. Senlence 3 (or ,10 of us and nobody else helped us.

..........

8. Ask 5s to complete the sentences. Remind them t they should use each other, a reflexive pronoun or an object pronoun as appropriate. Gellhem to check answers pairs. Then gel whole dass feedback. $OW 1 myself 2 each other ) me • myself 5 NdI other 6 himself/herself 7 us 8 each other n

Person to person 7 •• Read through the questions with the class, making wre they understand difficult vocabulary e.g. phobia. eddlction, truancy (phobIa - a strong unreasonable fear of something; addiction'"' the need to take a harmful drug, e.g. smoking or alcohol, regularly without being able to SlOp; truancy - when students deliberately stay away 110m school without permission). Get 5s to work on their .-n and decide if they agree with the statements, ma king .,;ef notes about their views.

It. Get 5s to compare their views with each other, ftCouraging them to give reasons to justify their opinio ns.

5et whole class feedback anacheck how many 5s agree.

Listening ... Tell 5s they are going to listen to three people IMking about Paul McKenna and hypnosis. Play recording a.l and get 5s to choose which statement best SIIftlmarises each person's opin ion. Remind them that one . .ement cannot be used . After checking in pairs. get ~e class feedback. Person 1: statement. sutement 3 Person): statement 1 . . . Tell 5s that the gapped phrases in italics are all eb phrases about giving your opinion or stating your .nets. Play recording 10.2 agai n and get 5s to complete verb phrases. 5s should check their answers in pairs. get whole class feed back.

b. Get 55 to work In pairs and answer the questions about the meaning of the verb phrases. Get whole class feedback.

MlwlrI: • 1\Ie always beUeved thlt/ I'm convinced that 2 I haft my doubts about/I'm sceptical that/ l doubt 3 I reckon/I suspect 4 I'm In favour of 5 I'm apln5t

Pronunciation 10. Play recording 10.2 again and get 5s to repeat the sentences In Ex. 9a. Remind them to pay particular atte ntion to the pronunciation of the verb phrases in italics. 11. Get 5s to rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets and adding other words to complete the appropriate verb phrase. 5s should check their answers in pairs. Then get whole class feedback. beUeved that thete Is Uff on other planets. 2 I doubt tNt &hosts ,..., exist at all. 3 I'm convtnced that I knew what sIII_ thlnklnl. 4 I'm In favour of people tryInt III dl~rent treatments. 5 I rtckon that some peapII have supernatural powers. 6 t Nw my doubts ..... the existence of UFOs. 7 rmaplnstptylna_ 1_ for a seMce I don' understand. 8 I'm sceptkallhllt anyone can predict the future. ~ 1 1\Ie always

Mts"

Speaking 12. Read through the topics in the box with the class, checking that 5s understa nd them all. Then focu s 5s on the How to ... box. You could ask them to add two more questions of their own 10 the list. Then get 5s to discuss the topics In the box with a partner. Remind them to use the language in the How to ... box and the phrases in Ex. 9 as appropriate. 13a. Tell Ss to choose one of the topics in Ex. 12 that they can talk about for one minute. Get them to prepare that they are going to say, using the notes 1-4 to help organise their ideas . b. Get 55 in pairs or small groups to give their talks to each other.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could get 55 to give their talks to the whole class after they have done them in pairs or small groups. Remind them to speak clearly and slowly enough. Get whole class feedback by asking 5s which of their views they heard were similar to theirs • You could also get 5s to write up their talks as short essays but there Is more specific work on essay·writing In Lesson to.2 so you may want to save it until then.

Answers: 1 television, radio, magazines. news, shops 2 working out the best psychological tricks to manipulate and persuade people to do/buy things 3 playing music and pumping the sme11 of freshly-baked bread into the store If they tempt you back into the store and they provide the supermarket with information about shopping habits 5 adverts that appeal to the 1!motions and adverts that appeal to the thinking part of the brain 6 appeal to the thinking part of the brain by giving information because cleaning products hold little emotional appeal 7 those that appeal to our emotions 8 work on making us feel good and showing us lifestyles we can aspire to 9 very popular and a good way of getting message across quickly and powerfully

10.2 Persuasion All around us, there are images on television, jingles on the radio, adverts in magazines, sound bites on the news, offers in the shops. Supermarkets and politicians, advertisers and salespeople are all hard at work using the power of persuasion to make us believe something or to persuade us to buy something. Huge amounts of money are spent on working out the best psychological tricks to guarantee that even the most cautious among us are open to manipulation . Supermarkets, for example, play music or pump out the smell of freshly-baked bread to encourage us to spend more. They also use loyalty cards or reward cards to persuade us to shop at their store again. Advertisers too have a vast array of different ways of appealing to either the thinking part of our brain or to our emotions, encouraging us to feel safer, more attractive or to belong to a particular group. In this lesson, Ss listen to an extract from a radio programme about persuasion tactics in advertising and retail. They then focus on the grammar of verb constructions with gerunds and infinitives. They finis h by writing an essay putting forward points for and against an argument.

OPTIONAL WARMER

4 ~ Get Ss to discuss tRe questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

Vocabulary 5 ~ Get Ss to work in pairs and choose the correct alternatives. Give them dictionaries to help if necessary. Do not get whole class feedback at this stage.

Write the word persuade on the board and ask Ss to explain to each other what it means (to make someone decide to do something, especially by giving them reasons why they should do it, or asking them many times to do it). Elicit/tell them what part of speech persuade is and what the noun and adjective forms are (persuade = verb; persuasion = noun; persuasive = adjective) . Get Ss to work in pairs and write a list of as many words as possible using the letters in the word persuade. Each word should have at least three letters and must not be a name. Give them a time limit of two minutes.

Answers:

advertisements 2 makes 3 marketing 5 commercial breaks 6 classified ad 7 hype 8 target market

..

Pronunciation 6a ~ Get Ss to look at the three words and see if they know how to pronounce them. Play recording 10.4 and get them to mark where the main stress is on each word . Ss should check in pairs and decide if the stress is on the same syllable in each word or not. Get whole class feedback.

(Some possible answers : ape apes are dare dear deep dear due ear ears era erase pause pea peas pear pears peer peruse pure purse read red sad see sea spade spare spear speed spread sue super sure use used user).

Answers:

2 ~ Tell Ss they are going to listen to an extract from a radio programme. Play recording 10.3 and tell them to answer the question. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

Answers: advertising and supermarkets 3 ~ Give Ss time to read through the notes. Play recording 10.3 again and get them to complete the notes. Ss should

check their answers together. Then get whole class feedback.

II

1

advertising

2

adrutisement 3 advert

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could ask Ss to look at the words in Ex. 5 and decide together where the stress is on each of them. (Answers: makes, marketing, slogans, commercial breaks, classified ad, !!:iQe, target market).

Listening 1 ~ Focus Ss on the photos and get them to discuss the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

1

If slogans

b~

Get 5s to work in pairs and to choose four questions in Ex. 5 to ask and answer together. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three Ss to report back about one of their partner's answers.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION You could ask Ss to work in pairs or small groups and create their own advert. It could be a TV advert, a radio advert or an advert in a magazine. They need to think of a product and a slogan and then how to put them in a context. Ss could present them to the class and then decide which ones were particularly persuasive and why.

.

Grammar

Answers: 1a It's one option that I tried in order to solve a problem. Try + gerund: when you try a number of different things to get something done/ solve a problem. The things you try are not difficult to do in themselves. b I made an effort to do something that was quite difficult. Try + infinitive: when you make an attempt at doing somethIng which is difficult to do 2a You remembered first and then you bought it. b You bought it first and then you remembered the action of buying. 3a I'm sorry that I have to tell you. b I did it and now I'm sorry about It. 4a We were watching and then we stopped so we could do something else. b We were doing something else when we stopped in order to watch.

OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD-IN Write these two sentences on the board.

I want seeing that new film. 2 I want to see that new film.

1

Ask Ss which one is correct and why. (Answer: 2 is correct because after the verb want we use the infinitive (to see) not the gerund (seeing». You could briefly explain/elicit that there are certain verbs which use particular constructions - some are followed by the gerund, others by the infinitive and others by both, with a subsequent change of meaning. 7a~ Tell 5s to look at the verbs in bold in sentences

1-5 in the Active grammar box and choose the correct ernatives. 5s should check in pairs, but do not get ole class feedback at this stage.

9 ~ Read through the example with the class. Tell 5s to complete the second sentence in each pair, so that it has the same meaning as the first. Remind them to use between two and four words including the word in bold. 5s check answers in pairs. Get whole class feedback.

b ~ Play recording 10.5 and tell 5s to check their .swers. Get whole class feedback if necessary.

Answers: 1 suggested going 2 encouraged me to get 3 tried to speak 4 agreed to give 5 remember coming 6 advised me to 7 avoid getting 8 persuaded me to buy

Active grammar 1 "to buy 2 using 3 to make 4 to resist 5 leaving

Person to person c~

Get 5s to write the verbs in bold in the correct place the Active grammar box. After checking in pairs, get ole class feedback.

Active grammar (For Ex. 7C and Ex. 8a) verb + gerund

carry on, avoid, practise, suggest

verb + infinitive

want, agree, arrange, hope

verb + object + infinitive

persuade, advise, allow, encourage try, regret, remember, stop

verb + gerund OR verb +infinitive with a different meaning 8a~

Get 5s to work in pairs. Tell them to check the anings of the words in the box and to write them in correct place in the Active grammar box. Give 5s ionaries to help if necessary and remind them that ionaries can help not only with meaning, but with verb nstructions (i.e. gerund or infinitive). Get whole class l!edback.

See box above (Ex. 7C) b ~ Remind 5s that some verbs can take both gerund and

nitive (last part of the table in the Active grammar box), this affects the meaning. Get 5s to look at the pairs of 5I!f1tences and discuss the question together. Get whole 5 feedback. -

1 0 ~ Tell 5s that they are going to ask each other questions. Do the first one as an example by asking 5s to form the question for number 1. (Were you allowed to watch as much TV as you wanted as a child?). Get 5s to stand up and walk around the classroom and ask the questions to different 5s until they have one name for each question. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to report back on one of their questions.

Writing 11a~ Get 5s to discuss the statement in pairs, encouraging them to give reasons to justify their opinions. Get whole class feedback about their ideas.

b~

Read through the paragraph plan with the class. Tell them that the sentences in the box are all taken from an essay. Then get 5s to complete the table with the correct paragraph number 1-4. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

... Answers: B para. 4; C para. 4; 0 para. 1; E para. 3;

F para. 4;

G para. 2;

H para. 1

12 ~ Get 5s to read through the statements and to choose one of them to write an essay about, or to choose something else they feel strongly about. Tell them to write down arguments in favour and arguments against the statement. Remind them that they should just write notes at this stage. 13a~ Get 5s to write an essay about their statement using the plan and the language in the table in Ex~ llb and their notes to help.

b~

Tell 5s to read another student's essay and say whether they agree with the final conclusion, giving reasons for their answer.

10.3 Brave New World Aldous Huxley wrote Brave New World in 1932. It remains one

of the most powerful science fiction stories ever. It is set in a future where peace and good health are compulsory bullave and parenthood are obsolete. Thinking for yourself, being an individual and being unhappy are not allowed. Babies are produced and 'brought up' scientifically in 'Hatchery and Condition ing Centres', But one of the main characters. Bernard Marx, refuses to be happy and to fit In. He is haunted by the feeling that there must be more to his life than this. Brave New World is available in the Penguin Readers series (level 6). For more information go to: www.penguinreaders. com and http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki / Brave_New_World

2 ~ Read the three statements through with the class. Then get Ss to read the extract from the novel Brove New World and answer the question. Ss should check their answer in pairs, Then get whole class feedback. Answer: Statement 3

3 ~ Focus Ss on the first item in the exercise as an example. Tell them to read the text again and write a question for each of the answers. After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback.

WhIt did they hea, when they went into the room? 3 What did the babies look like? "Why did the Director tum up the volume on the loudspeaker? 5 Which type of children does the loudspeaker say Ire the most stupid? 6 Whkh type of child~n Ire the babies In the room? 7 How mlny times 15 tM messase repeated every week? 8 AI what ase do the children start the m(ft advanced lesson? 9 What does"TM child's mind becomes these suBKHtions' mean? 10 What Is the Dfrector so enthusiastic about? ~ 2

In this lesson, Ss read an extract from Brave New World. The extract focuses on the brainwashing and conditioning of babies as they lie asleep in the 'Hatchery and Conditioning Centres'. Ss also focus on the grammar of if structures, including so·called first, second, third, zero and mixed conditionals. Ss finish by talking about their regrets in the past and resolutions for the future.

OPTIONAL WARMER Get Ss thinking about some famous novels and authors. Write these novels and authors on the board and get Ss to work together and match them up. Authors: Titles: The Hound of the Baskervilles Charles Dickens Charlotte BrontE! Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen Great Expectations

4 ~ Get Ss to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. You could give them further guidance for question 3 and give them these possible ways that we are conditioned to consider: •

to get married and have children



to expect to work long hours



to be competitive with each other



to expect men and boys not to cry

Brave New World

John Steinbeck E.M. Forster



to view success mostly in financial terms

Anna Karenina

Arthur Conan Doyle



to smile at someone if he / she smiles at you

A Roam with a View

Aldous Huxley

The Grapes of Wrath

l eo Tolstoy

Jane Eyre

(Answers: l evels (Upper Intermediate): The Hound of the Baskervllles - Arthur Conan Doyle; Pride and Prejudice - Jane Austen; Jane Eyre - Charlotte BrontE!; The Grapes of Wrath - John Steinbeck. level6 (Advanced): Great Expectations - Charles Dickens; Brave New World - Aldous Huxley; Anno Koren/no -leo Tolstoy; A Room with a View - E.M. Forster) You could ask Ss to say which, if any, they have heard of/ read and to teU other Ss about them. You could also tell them that all these titles are available as Penguin Readers (levels 5 and 6 - see Answers above) and encourage them to read any that take their interest.

~

Get whole etass feedback about their ideas.

OPTIONAL EXTENSION Remind Ss that Brave New World is available as a Penguin Reader (l evel 6) and encourage Ss to read it, or any other books that take their interest. They could then report back to the class about what they thought of the book.

Vocabulary 5a~ Get Ss to work in pairs. Half the class (Student As) should look at the words in Group A. and the other half (Student Bs) should look at the words in Group B. Give them dictionaries and tell them to find the meaning. pronunciation and an example sentence for each word / phrase.

Reading

b ~ Reorganise Ss into different pairs (one A and one B).

1 ~ Get Ss to read the short text (starti ng 'Aldous

Get them to tell each other the meaning, pronunciation and example sentence for each word/ phrase. Get whole class feedback if necessary.

Huxley .. .') and answer the questions in pairs. Get whole class feedback. ~ 1

He Isn't happy and doesn't feel he ffts In to the society hellYes in 2 Beuuse everyone Is supposed to be happy and fit in completely

J

I.,.ars: .....Inp - 10 whisper - to speak or My somethlnl ..., qu5et1y uslnl your bruth ratMi' tNn your wice 10 shMk - to mIIke a wry hlsh loud sound, especially because you are afraid. anpy. exehed or In , . , to blurt oul - to say somethlnl suddenly and tIIIhoullhlnklnl, usually because you are nervous or .-ed to bt lost (or words - to be unab$e 10 say -.yIhlns because you are YefY surprised/upset to ...",. • to say somethlnl too quietly or not c1earty ....Ih. so that other people cannot understand JIDU to Int~lTUpt - to stop someone from contlnulnl ...... tHy are say/nl or dolnl by suddenly speakinl mllkinl a noise. to speak rourm1nd - to .... people euctly what you think. even If h offends ...,.. to haw a word with - to talk 10 someone flMkkly. especially because you want 10 lell them to do -.ethlnl or you want their advke about somelhlnl

"them.

. ... Get Ss to complete the quotes with the correct farm of the words/ phrases from Ex. 5. 5s check answers in .-s but do not get whole class feedback ytt.

It.. Play recording 10.6 and get 5s to check their IRSwers. Get whole class feedback if necessary.

9&-" Tell 5s to look at the rules or rorm a-e In the Active grammar box and to write the correct type of conditional next to each one. You might want to remind Ss that this is one way of referring to the different ifslructu res, but that different grammar books do It In dlrrerent ways. After checking answers in pairs. get whole class feedback. Active grammar a First conditional b Second condllional c Third conditional d Zero conditional e Mixed conditional

b .... Tell Ss to work together and look at the three examples in this exercise. They should choose the correct alternatives rrom rules 1 and 2. Get whole class feedback. . . . . . .1 1

prcwidecI

2

unless

10" Get Ss to look at the sentences and say what type of conditional each one is. Tell them to correct the grammar mistake In each one . After checking answers in pairs, get whole class feedback .

• 1 blurted OUI/ Was lost ror words

*whlsperlnl/had a word wfth

3 shrieks/Interrupts

4 ,"umbllnl/speak his mind

.,.. Get 5s to choose three of the words/ phrases from b. 5 and to tell each other about different situations in they or someone else spoke in each of the ways. -.mind them to look back at Ex. 6 for ideas if necessary.

Grammar OPTIONAL GRAMMAR LEAD·IN Get Ss thinking about different kinds of If structures. Write these three beginnings of sentences on the board and ask Ss to work together and complete them In an appropriate way: 1 If parents always speak two languages to their children, •.. ~

:z

If she works really hard, ...

3 I{ I won a lot of money, .. .

You could also ask Ss to complete these beginnings of sentences in the same way: 1

If sh~ hod studied hord~r, _.

:z I{she didn't study as hard as she does, ...

3 If he hod memorised his verbs, ... . ... Get 5s to match examples 1-3 with the correct uses A-( in the Active gram mar box. After checking answers in ~,get whole class feedback. lC

:zA 38

It. Get Ss to match examples 4-6 with the correct uses H in the Active grammar box.. Ss should check answers in ~ Then get whole class feedback.

Ai......: 1 Second: If I had mort time. I'd lO.nd study EIIIUollIlI",lIf _ n u ' - II their chIchn. they become ........ 3 Mixed: III spook EJtatIsh ftuently III _ • IS a chikI. 4 Zero: I USUIIIy remember WOQbuIary. provided I . . . It down. 5 Arst: If,.. ..... a word enouP times. you1l probabfy remember It. 6 ThIrd: If I'd Ittended mcNl' lessons. I wouW ..... passed my earns. 7 Mixed: I'd haw a better ~b If .... passed my exam. 8 Zero: If iii student reads books In English, hls/her vocabulary IMprOftI.

now'

Person to person 11" Get Ss to work together and discuss the question with each other. Get whole class feedback by asking two or three 5s to report back one fact about their partner.

Speaking 12&-" Check Ss understand the mean ing of regrets (a sadness that you feet about something, especially because you wish it had not happened) and resolutions (a promise to yourself to do something). Get Ss to work together. to look again at the sentences in Ex. 10 and to decide which could be regrets and which resolutions. (Some are neither). Get whole class feedback.

b .. Get 5s to think about their language learning or their school/work life. Get them to make a note of one or two regrets and resolutions using appropriate i{structures. C" Tell Ss to compare their regrets and resolutions with other Ss. Get whole class feedback by asking Ss if they have any of the same resolutions as any other 55.

Vocabulary: Commonly mJsspel~ words In this lesson, Ss focus on commonly misspell words including believe, accommodation and successful.

OPTIONAL WARMER Write the following words on the board. Ask 5s 10 discuss in pairs which ones are correct/incorrect.

la ocomodotion b accomodation c accommodation 23

there

b

they're c their

Answers; 1 c only is correct. 2 a, band (are all correct depending on the context/ meaning. la~

Get Ss to discuss the question s in pairs or small

groups. Get whole class feedback about their ideas but do

not accept or reject any ideas at this stage. b .. Tell Ss to read the text and check their answers. Get whole class feedback.

---=,e

Z(]'

2 II> Get Ss to decide which is the (orrect spelling for

each pair of words. After checking answers in pairs, get

whole class feedba ck. AnI-.J

1

believe

2 Intelligence

3 subconscious

4 psycholotist S doubt 6 existence 7 successful 8 responsibility

3a"

Tell Ss to find eighteen common spelling mistakes in the email. Rem ind them that they may be actual mistakes or they may be words which are spelt wrong because of the context (e.g. there / their, where /wear).

b ..

Get 5s to compare their answers with a partner. Then get whole class feedback.

AMwerI: 1JHt. generous, foreigner, we4rd, beginning. weather, definitely. changeable. accommodation. Interestln., restaurants. Ubrary, necessary. usually. occasionally. friends. their. separate 4a .. Read the questions through with the class. Tell 5s that they are going to listen to a student of English talking about spelling in English. Play recording 10.7 and get 5s to say which of the questions the student does not talk about. After checking in pai rs. gel whole class feedback.

AnIwen The student does not taUt about question 1.

b ..

Tell 5s to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback by asking each group to report back on one of the questions.

Lifelong learning .. Read the list of tips in the box through with the class. Get 5s to work in groups and add any more tips to the list. Get whole class feedba ck. Ask them which tips they think are the best for them and why.

Communication: How dON your mInd work? In this lesson, 5s do a quiz and discuss diffe rent ways in which people think and approach life. The quiz is based on the idea that there are at least five types of thinkers/ learners and that each type approach life and its problems in slightly different ways. The five that are used in this quiz are: 1 linguistic thinkers/ learners who tend to think in words and like to use complex ideas. 2 logical·mathematical thinkers/ learners who like to understand patterns and to analyse and understand the ru les. 3 Interpersonal thinkers/ learners who like to think about other people and are often peacemakers. 4 Existential thin kers / learners who like to spend time thinking about philosophical issues and don't li ke to be bothered with trivial questions. S Kinaesthetic thinkers/learners who like to think in movements and find it difficult 10 sit still for long.

1" Focus 5s on the photos and get them to discuss the questions in pairs or small groups. Get whole class feedback. Albert Einstein (1879-19S5) is generally regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20 th century. He proposed the theory of relativity and also made major contributions to the development of quantum mechanics, statistica l mechanics and cosmology. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was an English poet and playwright. He is considered by many to be the greatest writer in the English language, as well as one of the greatest in Western literature. Madonna (born 19S8) Is a famou s pop singer, actress, composer and producer. 5he is widely regarded as the Queen of Pop music. According to The Guinness Book of World Records she is the most successful female recording artist in the World. Nelson Mandela (born 1918). was the first democratically' elected President of50uth Africa, having previously been a prominent anti·apartheid activist there. Mandela·s twenty· seven·year imprisonment, much of which he spent in a tiny prison cell on Robben Island, became one of the most widely· publicized examples of apartheid's in justices. Buddha is a title used in Buddhism fo r anyone who has discovered their enlightenment, although it is commonly used to refer to Siddhartha Gaulama, the historical founder of Buddhism. who lived in India from about 623 Be to S43 BC

2a .. Tell Ss that they are going to do a qu iz to try to answer the questions : ' How does your mind work?', 'What kind or thi nker/ learner are you?' and 'What is your approach to life?'. Tell them to do the quiz Individually and make not es about their answers, using the ideas in the boxes and their own ideas. b .. Then, get 5s to do the quiz with a partner and to make a note of his/ her answers. 3" Tell 5s to read the descriptions of the five thinker / learner types on page 150 and compare them with their notes about themselves and their partner. Then get 5s to discuss the questions in pairs. Get whole class reed back by asking 5s to report back on the most interesting point from their discussion.

Beview and pracUcle

Notes for using the Common European Framework (CEF)

1. Answers: 1 burn yourself

2 felt

3 expresses

herself 4 relax 5 hurt himself 6 meet ourselves 8 concentrated

7 enjoyed

10.1 Can do: ask about and give your own beliefs and opinions

••

Answers: 1 We encourage all students to do some

voluntary work.

2

I've arranged to visit my

grandparents on Saturday. 3 Correct. 4 I remember P"g to the park every day after school when I was a child. 5 He persuaded me to JoIn the new gym with him. 6 My teacher suggested learning ten new spellings every week. 7 Correct. 8 He advised us to an early night before the exam.

_'Ie

Answers:

1

brought

5 doesn't arrive

hadn't gone

2 did

3 behave

6 press

CEF References

4 had

C£F B:z descriptor: Can take an active part in informal discussion in familiar contexts, commenting, putting point of view clea rly, evaluating altern ative proposals and making and responding to hypotheses. (CEF page 77) 10.:Z Can do: write the arguments for and against a point of view C£F B:z descriptor: Can write an essay or report which develops an argument, giving reasons in support of or against a particular pOint of view and explaining the advantages and disadvantages of various options. (CEF page 62)

7 would you do

8 would be lying

10.] (an do: talk about your regrets and resolutions

Answers: 1 convinced 2 hype 3 Interrupting ,. reckon 5 blurted 6 intuition 7 make

CEF B:z descriptor: Can highlight the personal significance of events and experiences. account for and sustain views clearly by providing relevant explanations and arguments. (CEF page 74)

8 premonition

••

Answers: 1 definitely

CEF quick brief 2

accommodation

3 responsibility 4 Correct 7 Correct 8 successful

5 separate

6 their

One of the implications of the Common European Framework and the Can do statements is that Ss are assessed in terms of how well they can achieve a communication objective. The aim is not to perform the task with perfect accuracy but to perform well enough at that particular reference level. The Can do statements set appropriate objectives for each reference level.

Portfolio task Download the Totol English Portfolio free from www.longmon.comftotalenglish. ObJective: to reinforce student autonomy in updating the Portfolio. Th is task can be done in 5s' own language.

1'" For homework, ask 5s to update the Dossier section of their Portfolio. They might like to add another piece of work to their folder or choose another task to work on with the aim of adding it to their Biography.

2'"

Ask 5s to bring their Biography sections in and show them to other 5s.

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