Callan Book 1 [Stage 1]1

STAGE 1 1 LESSON l A PEN długopis A PENCIL ołówek A BOOK ksią ka WHAT'S co(to) jest? THIS to IT'S to jest WHAT'S THIS? It's a pen 2 SEE CHART 1 (At th...

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STAGE 1 1

LESSON l

A PEN długopis

A PENCIL ołówek

A BOOK książka

WHAT'S co(to) jest?

THIS to

IT'S to jest

WHAT'S THIS? 2

SEE CHART 1

It's a pen

(At the back of the book)

TABLE stół

CHAIR krzesło

LIGHT światło

WALL ściana

ROOM pokój

CEILING sufit

WINDOW okno

DOOR drzwi

BOX pudełko

PICTURE obraz

IS THIS?

YES/ tak

czy to jest?

FLOOR podłoga CARD karta

Yes, it's a pen

IS THIS A PEN ?

NO, IT ISN'T ... BUT nie to nie jest...lecz IS THIS A PEN ?

No, it isn't a pen, but it's a pencil

IS THIS A PENCIL ?

No, it isn't a pencil, but it's a book

SEE CHART 1 LONG długi

SHORT

THE

krótki

rodzajnik określony

IS THIS PENCIL

No, this pencil isn't short, but it's long

SHORT?/ IS THIS PENCIL

No, this pencil isn't long, but it's short

LONG ?

IS THE ROOM SHORT ?

5

No, the room isn't short, but it's long

LARGE duży, wielki

SMALL

IS THE TABLE SMALL ?

No, the table isn't small, but it's large

IS THE BOX LARGE?

No, the box isn't large, but it's small

CITY miasto

TOWN miasteczko

VILLAGE wieś

IS [LONDON] A VILLAGE ?/

No, [London] isn't a village, but it's a city

IS [WINDSOR] A CITY ?

No, [Windsor] isn't a city, but it's a town

IS [GRANTCHESTER] A TOWN ? OR

mały

No, [Grantchester] isn't a town, but it's a village

lub

IS THE TABLE LONG OR SHORT ?

The table's ...

IS A CITY LARGE OR SMALL?

A city's large

SEE CHART 1 MAN mężczyzna

6

WOMAN kobieta

WHAT'S THIS?

BOY chłopiec

GIRL/ dziewczyna

It's a man, woman, boy, girl

IS THIS A GIRL ? IS THIS A MAN ?

No, it isn't a girl, but it's a man No, it isn't a man, but it's a woman

IS THIS A WOMAN ? IS THIS A BOY?

No, it isn't a woman, but it's a boy No, it isn't a boy, but it's a girl FIVE/

7

ONE 1 jeden ON na

TWO 2 dwa

THREE 3 trzy

UNDER

IN w

pod

IS THE PEN IN THE BOOK ?

FOUR 4 cztery

No, the pen isn't in the book, but it's under the book

IS THE PEN UNDER THE BOOK?

No, the pen isn't under the book, but it's on the book

SEE CHART 1

MASTER kawaler/młody chłopiec

MR MRS pan pani

MISS panna

IS THIS MISS

No, it isn't Miss Brown, but it's Mr Brown

BROWN? IS THIS MR

No, it isn't Mr Brown, but it's Mrs Brown

BROWN ?/ IS THIS MRS BROWN? IS THIS MASTER

No, it isn't Mrs Brown, but it's Master Brown No, it isn't Master Brown, but it's Miss Brown

BROWN ? SEE CHART 1

BLACK czarny

WHITE 50 biały

GREEN zielony

WHAT COLOUR'S THIS PENCIL ?/ SIX SEVEN EIGHT 6 sześć 7 siedem 8 osiem

BROWN WHAT COLOl brązowy jakiego koloru This pencil's black, white ... NINE TEN 9 dziewięć 10 dziesięć

WHERE gdzie? WHERE'S THE PEN? WHERE'S THE BOOK?

The pen's on the book The book's on the table The pen's under the table

WHERE'S THE PEN? WHERE'S THE PICTURE ? 10 WHERE'S THE LIGHT ?

The picture's on the wall The light's on the ceiling

LESSON 2 SEE CHART 1 1AM

I'M YOU'RE

ja jestem ty jesteś

YOU ARE

HE'S

on jest

HE IS

SHE'S

ona jest

SHE IS

IT'S

to (ono) jest

IT IS

11

AM I MR .............. ?

Yes, you're Mr...

ARE YOU MR ..............?

Yes, I'm Mr ...

IS HE MR BROWN ?

Yes, he's Mr Brown

IS SHE MRS BROWN ?/

Yes, she's Mrs Brown

I'M NOT

ja nie jestem

I AM NOT

YOU AREN'T

ty nie jesteś

YOU ARE NOT

HE ISN'T

on nie jest

HE IS NOT

SHE ISN'T

ona nie jest

SHE IS NOT

IT ISN'T

to nie jest

IT IS NOT

AM 1 MRS BROWN ?

No, you aren't Mrs Brown, but you're Mr...

ARE YOU MR.............. ?/

No, I'm not Mr ..., but I'm ...

IS HE MR .............. ?

No, he isn't Mr ..., but he's Mr Brown

IS SHE MR BROWN ?

No, she isn't Mr Brown, but she's Mrs Brown

IN FRONT OF

przed, z przodu 12

BEHIND z tyłu, za kimś, czymś

ME mnie, mi

WHERE'S THE TABLE?

YOU tobie, twój

The table's in front of me

!S THE WALL IN FRONT OF YOU?/

No, the wall isn't in front of me, but it's behind me

IS THE TABLE BEHIND ME ? No, the table isn't behind you, but it's in front of you SEE CHART 1

13

HIM

HER

HOUSE

jemu, jego, go

jej, ją

dom

WHERE'S THE HOUSE?

The house is behind him

WHERE'S THE HOUSE ?

The house's behind her

ARE YOU BEHIND HER?

No, I'm not behind her, but I'm in front of her

AM I IN FRONT OF HIM?/ STANDING stojący, stojąc

No, you aren't in front of him, but you're behind him SITTING

siedzący, siedząc

14

ARE YOU STANDING ON THE FLOOR?

No, I'm not standing on the floor but I'm sitting on the chair

AM I SITTING ON THE CHAIR ?

No, you aren't sitting on the chair, but you're standing on the floor

ARE YOU STANDING IN FRONT OF ME?

No, I'm not standing in front of you, but I'm sitting in front of you

TAKING FROM

biorący z..., biorąc z...

PUTTING/ kładący, kładąc

AM I PUTTING THE BOOK ON THE FLOOR? No, you aren't putting the book on the floor but you're taking the book from the table AM I TAKING THE PEN FROM THE TABLE ? No, you aren't taking the pen from the table, but you're putting the book on the table 15

OPENING otwierając, otwierający AM I CLOSING THE DOOR?/ AM I OPENING THE WINDOW ?

DOING robiąc, robiący

16

CLOSING

zamykając, zamykający

No, you aren't closing the door but you're opening the book No, you aren't opening the window, but you're closing the book WHAT AM I DOING?

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're taking the book from the table

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're opening the book

WHAT AM I DOING?/

You're closing the book

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're putting the book on the table

SEE CHART 1 WHICH który WHICH PENCIL'S BLACK?

This pencil's black

WHICH PENCIL'S WHITE ?

This pencil's white

WHICH PENCIL'S GREEN?

This pencil's green

WHICH PENCIL'S BROWN ?

This pencil's brown

co ja robię?

OPEN otworzyć

CLOSED zamknięty

WHICH BOOK'S OPEN?

This book's open This

WHICH BOOK'S CLOSED ?

book's closed

17 LESSON 3 SEE CHART 1 THfS

THAT

CHART

to

tamto

rozdział

WHAT COLOUR'S THIS PENCIL?

This pencil's black That

WHAT COLOUR'S THAT PENCIL ?

pencil's white This

WHERE'S THIS PENCIL ?

pencil's on the Chart That

WHERE'S THAT PENCIL?

pencil's on the wall

ELEVEN TWELVE THIRTEEN 11 jedenaście 12 dwanaście 13 trzynaście

18

PLURAL

mnoga

FOURTEEN FIFTEEN 14 czeternaście 15 piętnaście SAY

OF

ETC. /

powiedzieć, mówić itd. służy do tworzenia dopełniacza

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF "BOOK"?

The plural of book is books

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF "LIGHT"?

The plural of light is lights

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF "WALL" ?

The plural of wall is walls

WE'RE

my jesteśmy

ARE WE SITTING? WHERE ARE WE SITTING ?/

WE ARE

Yes, we're sitting We're sitting on the chairs

SEE CHART 1 19 THEY'RE

oni są

THEY ARE

ARE THEY STANDING ? WHERE Yes, they're standing ARE THEY STANDING?

They're standing in front of the house

WE AREN'T

my nie jesteśmy

ARE WE STANDING ?

WE ARE NOT No, we aren't standing, but we're sitting

ARE WE SITTING ON THE FLOOR?/

THEY AREN'T

No, we aren't sitting on the floor, but we're sitting on the chairs

oni nie są

THEY ARE NOT

ARE THEY SITTING?

No, they aren't sitting, but they're standing

ARE THEY STANDING BEHIND THE HOUSE ? No, they aren't standing behind the house, but they're standing in front of the house

20 RED czerwony

BLUE niebieski

YELLOW żółty

GREY szary

SEE CHART l WHAT COLOUR'S THIS PENCIL ETC.?/ THESE

THOSE

AND/

te

tamte

i

WHAT COLOUR'S THIS PENCIL ? WHAT COLOUR'S THAT PENCIL?

21

This pencil's red etc.

This pencil's black That pencil's white

WHAT COLOUR ARE THESE PENCILS ?

These pencils are black and green

WHAT COLOUR ARE THOSE PENCILS ?

Those pencils are white and brown

WHERE ARE THESE PENCILS?

These pencils are on the Chart

WHERE ARE THOSE PENCILS ?/

Those pencils are on the wall

WHAT COLOUR ARE THESE CHAIRS ?

These chairs are ...

WHAT COLOUR ARE THOSE CHAIRS ?

Those chairs are ...

MEN mężczyźni

WOMEN kobiety

IRREGULAR 10° nieregularny

The plurals of "man" and "woman" are irregular./ The plural of "man" is "men"./ We say one man, two men./ The plural of "woman" is "women"./ We say one woman, two women.

The plural of'man" is "men"

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF "MAN" ?

The plural of "woman" is "women"

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF "WOMAN" ? 22

SIXTEEN

SEVENTEEN

EIGHTEEN

NINETEEN

TWENTY

16szesnaście 17siedemnaście 18osiemnaście 19dziewiętnaście 20dwadzieścia SEE CHART 1 CLOTHES • / ubranie WHAT ARE THESE ?/ SHOE

but SUIT garnitur

SOCK skarpeta SHIRT koszula

These are clothes JACKET

TROUSERS spodnie TIE krawat

23 WHAT'S THIS ETC.?

żakiet, ku HAT kapelusz

It's a shoe etc.

SEE CHART 2 LETTER litera ALPHABET alfabet

A, B, etc.

WHAT LETTER'S THIS ETC?/

CONSONANT spółgłoska VOWEL samogłoska These are the five vowels: a e i o u. WHAT ARE THESE ?/ WHAT ARE THE FIVE VOWELS ?

These are the five vowels The five vowels are "a e i o u"

The letters "b c d" etc. are consonants. IS THE LETTER "B" A VOWEL ?

No, the letter "B" isn't a vowel, but it's a consonant

BEFORE

24

przed

AFTER

po

WHICH LETTER'S BEFORE E?

D's before E

WHICH LETTER'S AFTER I ?

J's after I

WHICH LETTER'S BEFORE Z ?

Y's before Z

WHICH LETTER'S AFTER G?

H'safterG

LESSON 4 BETWEEN

WHICH LETTER'S BETWEEN D AND F?

E's between D and F

WHICH LETTER'S BETWEEN H AND J?

I's between H and J

WHICH LETTER'S BETWEEN Q AND S ?

R's between Q and S

US

25

między (dwoma rzeczami)

nas, nam

WHERE'S THE TABLE?/

The table's in front of us

ARE THE WALLS IN FRONT OF US? IS THE TABLE BEHIND US?

No, the walls aren't in front of us, but they're behind us

No, the table isn't behind us, but it's in front of us

SEE CHART 1 THEM

ich, im

WHERE'S THE HOUSE ? ARE YOU BEHIND THEM ? AM I IN FRONT OF THEM ?/

26

PUPIL

uczeń

AM I THE PUPIL? ARE YOU THE TEACHER ? SEE CHART 3

The house's behind them No, I'm not behind them, but I'm in front of them No, you aren't in front of them, but you're behind them TEACHER

nauczyciel

No, you aren't the pupil, but you're the teacher No, I'm not the teacher, but I'm the pupil

THIRTY 30

FORTY 40

FIFTY 50

SIXTY 60

SEVENTY 70

EIGHTY 80

trzydzieści czterdzieści pięćdziesiąt sześćdziesiąt siedemdziesiąt osiemdziesiąt NINETY HUNDRED THOUSAND MILLION NUMBER* 90 dziewięćdziesiąt 100 sto 1,000 tysiąc 1,000,000 milion liczba, numer

27

WHAT NUMBER'S THIS ?

30 etc.

WHAT NUMBERS ARE THESE ?

30 -13 : 40 - 14 etc,

WHAT NUMBER'S THIS ?

313 : 1,815 : 1,950,630

PLUS plus

EQUALS równa się

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's 2+2 = 4

HOW MUCH

ile (dla rzecz, niepol.)

HOW MUCH IS 13 PLUS 5 ?/ HOW MUCH IS

28

THERE'S

2 + 2 = 4/

jest

13 plus 5 equals 18 18+40 60+19 16 +30 90 + 1 5

5+10 6 + 3 20 + 15 10 + 30 /

THERE IS jest

IS THERE A PEN ON THIS BOOK ? IS THERE A LIGHT ON THE CEILING ?

Yes, there's a light on the ceiling

IS THERE A TABLE IN THIS ROOM?/

Yes, there's a table in this room

THERE ARE

29

Yes, there's a pen on this book



NOW

teraz

IS THERE A PEN ON THE BOOK?

Yes, there's a pen on the book

ARE THERE TWO PENS ON THE BOOK NOW ? ARE THERE [12] CHAIRS IN THIS ROOM ?/

Yes, there are two pens on the book now Yes, there are [12] chairs in this room

ARE THERE [2] PICTURES ON THESE WALLS ?

Yes, there are [2] pictures on these walls

THERE ISN'T

nie ma (l. pój.)

THERE IS NOT

IS THERE A PEN ON THE BOOK ?

No, there isn't a pen on the book

IS THERE A BOOK ON THE FLOOR ?

No, there isn't a book on the floor

IS THERE A CHAIR ON THE TABLE II

No, there isn't a chair on the table

THERE AREN'T

nie ma (l. mnoga)

THERE ARE NOT

ARE THERE TWO CHAIRS ON THE TABLE?

No, there aren't two chairs on the table

ARE THERE A HUNDRED PICTURES IN THIS ROOM?/ No, there aren't a hundred pictures in this room, but there are ... pictures in this room 30

ARE THERE A THOUSAND CHAIRS IN THIS ROOM? No, there aren't a thousand chairs in this room, but there are ... chairs in this room HIGH • wysokie

LOW • niskie

IS THE CHAIR HIGH ? THE WALL LOW ? TABLE HIGH ?

No, the chair isn't high, but it's low IS No, the wall isn't low, but it's high IS THE

No, the table isn't high, but it's low

LESSON 5 NEITHER ... NOR ani... ani... IS THIS A CEILING OR A FLOOR ? 31

No, it's neither a ceiling nor a floor, but it's a table

ARE THERE A HUNDRED CHAIRS IN THIS ROOM OR A THOUSAND CHAIRS ? No, there are neither a hundred chairs in this room nor a thousand chairs, but there are ... chairs in this room ARE YOU MR BROWN OR MR SMITH ?/

IMPERATIVE tryb rozkazujący PLEASE

TAKE! weź

PUT! połóż

proszę

The imperative is take! put! open! close! etc

No, I'm neither Mr Brown nor Mr Smith, but I'm Mr ...

OPEN otwórz

CLOSE! zamknij

TAKE THE BOOK, PLEASE !/ WHAT'S HE DOING ?

He's taking the book

OPEN THE BOOK, PLEASE ! WHAT'S HE DOING ?

He's opening the book

CLOSE THE BOOK, PLEASE !/ WHAT'S HE DOING? 32

He's closing the book

PUT THE BOOK ON THE TABLE, PLEASE ! WHAT'S HE DOING ?

He's putting the book on the table

SEE CHART 1 HERE tu

THERE tarn

WHERE'S THE BLACK PENCIL ?

The black pencil's here in front of me

WHERE'S THE WHITE PENCIL ?/

The white pencil's there on the wall

ARE YOU SITTING THERE ?

No, I'm not sitting there, but I'm sitting here

IS THE WHITE PENCIL HERE IN FRONT OF YOU ? No, the white pencil isn't here in front of me, but it's there on the wall 33

CAPITAL stolica LONDON Londyn

ENGLAND Anglia

RUSSIA Rosja

MOSCOW Moskwa

GREECE Grecja

ATHENS Ateny

WHAT'S THE CAPITAL OF ENGLAND ?/

CHINA Chiny PEKING (BEIJING) Pekin

London's the capital of England

WHAT'S THE CAPITAL OF RUSSIA?

Moscow's the capital of Russia

WHAT'S THE CAPITAL OF GREECE?

Athens's the capital of Greece

WHAT'S THE CAPITAL OF CHINA ? READING

czytający/czytanie

34 WHAT AM I DOING ?

Peking's the capital of China WRITING

piszący/pisanie

You're reading the book

WHAT AM I DOING ?/

You're writing in the book

AM I WRITING IN THE BOOK ?

No, you aren't writing in the book, but you're reading the book

No, you aren't reading the book, but you're writing in the book

AM I READING THE BOOK ? SEE CHART 1 STOCKING pończocha

COAT płaszcz bluzka

BLOUSE PULLOVER pulover, bezrękawnik

WHAT'S THIS ETC. ? HOW MANY ?/

150

SKIRT spódnica

DRESS suknia kieszeń

HANDKERCHIEF POCKET chusteczka do nosa

It's a coat etc.

ile (dla rzecz, policz.)

HOW MANY PICTURES ARE THERE ON THESE WALLS ? There are ... pictures on these walls HOW MANY DOORS ARE THERE IN THIS ROOM ? There's one door in this room 35

There are... chairs in this room

HOW MANY CHAIRS ARE THERE IN THIS ROOM ?/ HOW MANY TEACHERS ARE THERE IN THIS ROOM ?

GOING TO

There's one teacher in this room

idąc do, idący

WHAT AM I DOING ? WHAT

You're going to the door

AM 1 DOING ? WHERE AM I

You're going to the window

GOING ? AM I GOING TO THE

You're going to the wall

DOOR?/

No, you aren't going to the door, but you're going to the window

LESSON 6 EUROPE Europa

36

ASIA Azja

ITALY Włochy

IS GREECE IN ASIA? IS INDIA IN EUROPE ? ARE FRANCE AND ITALY IN ASIA?

SEE CHART 2

FRANCE Francja

INDIA Indie

No, Greece isn't in Asia, but it's in Europe No, India isn't in Europe, but it's in Asia No, France and Italy aren't in Asia, but they're in Europe

FIRST 1st. • pierwszy

SECOND 2nd. drugi

FIFTH 5th. piąty

THIRD 3rd. trzeci

SIXTH 6th. szósty

TWELFTH dwunasty

CARDINAL główny 37

FOURTH 4th. czwarty TWENTIETH dwudziesty

ORDINAL/

porządkowy

WHICH'S THE FIRST LETTER OF THE ALPHABET?

A's the first letter of the alphabet

WHICH'S THE THIRD LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ?

C's the third letter of the

alphabet WHICH'S THE FIFTH LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ?/

E's the fifth letter of the alphabet

WHICH'S THE TWELFTH LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ?

L's the twelfth letter of the alphabet

WHICH'S THE THIRTEENTH LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ? WHICH'S THE TWENTIETH LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ?

38

M'sthe ... T's the ...

WHICH'S THE TWENTY-FIRST LETTER ?/

U's the ...

WHICH'S THE TWENTY-THIRD LETTER?

Wsthe...

WHICH'S THE TWENTY-FIFTH LETTER ?

Y's the ...

WHAT ARE THE CARDINAL NUMBERS ?

The cardinal numbers are 1,2,3, etc.

WHAT ARE THE ORDINAL NUMBERS?

The ordinal numbers are 1st,, 2nd., 3rd., etc.

LAST ostatni WHICH'S THE LAST LETTER OF THE ALPHABET?

Z's the last letter of the alphabet

IS "A" THE LAST LETTER OF THE ALPHABET ?/ No, "A" isn't the last letter of the alphabet but it's the first letter of the alphabet GIVE dać TAKE THE BOOK, PLEASE ! GIVE ME THE BOOK, PLEASE ! WHAT'S HE DOING ? 39

TAKE THE BOOK, PLEASE !

He's giving you the book

GIVE HIM THE BOOK, PLEASE ! WHAT'S HE DOING ?/ FRENCH Francuz

He's giving him the book

GERMAN Niemiec

ITALIAN Włoch

ARE YOU [FRENCH] OR [GERMAN] ? AM I [ITALIAN] OR [FRENCH] ?

No, I'm neither [French] nor [German], but I'm... No, you're neither [Italian] nor [French], but you're [English] The pupils are...

ARE THE PUPILS [GERMAN] OR [ENGLISH] ? MY •

mój

YOUR twój

IS THIS YOUR HANDKERCHIEF?/ 40

ENGLISH Anglik

IS THAT MY DRESS ?

No, it isn't my handkerchief, but it's your handkerchief No, it isn't your dress, but it's my dress

SEE CHART 1 HIS jego

HER jej

ARE THESE HIS SHOES ?

No, they aren't his shoes, but they're her shoes

ARE THESE HER SHOES ? IS

No, they aren't her shoes, but they're his shoes

THIS HIS DRESS ? IS THIS

No, it isn't his dress, but it's her dress

HER SUIT? WHAT COLOUR'S

No, it isn't her suit, but it's his suit

HIS SUIT?/ 41

OUR nasz

ARE THESE

His suit's black YOUR wasz

THEIR ich

OUR SHOES ?

No, these aren't

our shoes, but they're their shoes WHAT COLOUR ARE THEIR SHOES?

Their shoes are black

ARE THESE THEIR BOOKS ?

No, these aren't their books, but they're our books

WHERE ARE OUR BOOKS?/

Our books are on the table

42 ALL wszyscy, wszystek, wszystko ARE ALL THE WALLS IN THIS ROOM WHITE (GREEN OR BLUE ETC.) ? Yes, all the walls in this room are white ARE ALL THE BOOKS IN THIS ROOM ENGLISH BOOKS? Yes, all the books in this room are English books ARE ALL THE PUPILS SITTING ?

Yes, all the pupils are sitting

LESSON 7 BODY ciało This is the body

WHATS THIS? IS THIS HER BODY ? PART część

43

No, it isn't her body, but it's your body FOOT stopa

FEET stopy

WHAT PART OF THE BODY IS THIS ?

This part of the body is the foot

WHAT'S THE PLURAL OF FOOT ?

The plural of foot is feet

LEG noga

BACK plecy

ARM

WRIST

ramię

nadgarstek

HAND

FINGER

ręka

palec

THUMB/ kciuk

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's a leg etc.

PERSON osoba

PEOPLE

WHATS THE PLURAL OF PERSON ?

44

ludzie

The plural of person is people

HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE THERE IN THIS ROOM ?

There are ... people in this room

HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE THERE IN THIS CITY (TOWN OR VILLAGE) ?/ There are ... people in this ... COMING FROM

pochodzący z ...

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're coming from the door

AM I COMING FROM THE WINDOW ?

No, you aren't coming from the window, but you're going to the window

AM I GOING TO THE WINDOW ?

No, you aren't going to the window, but you're coming from the window

TOUCH dotyk 45

WHAT AM I DOING ?/

You're touching the wall

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're touching the picture

TOUCH YOUR TIE (DRESS, SHOE ETC.), PLEASE ! WHAT'S HE DOING ?

He's touching his tie etc.

SEE CHART 2 SENTENCE

zdanie

WHAT'S THIS ?

46

It's a sentence 200

WORD

VERB

USE

FOR

ACTION

słowo

czasownik

użyć

dla

akcja

WHATS THIS ?/

It's a word

HOW MANY WORDS ARE THERE IN THIS SENTENCE ? There are 7 words in this sentence WHICH'S THE FIRST WORD OF THIS SENTENCE ? "Verbs" is the first word of this sentence WHICH'S THE THIRD WORD OF THIS SENTENCE ? "Words" is the third word of this sentence WHICH'S THE FIFTH WORD OF THIS SENTENCE ?/ "Use" is the fifth word of this sentence WHICH'S THE SIXTH WORD ?

"For" is the sixth word of this sentence

WHICH'S THE LAST WORD ?

"Actions" is the last word of this sentence

QUESTION MARK ? znak zapytania

47

FULL STOP . kropka

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's a question mark

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's a full stop

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's a comma

WHAT'S THIS?

It's a semi-colon

COMMA ,

przecinek

SEMI-COLON ;

średnik

ASH - TRAY popielniczka WHAT WORD'S THIS ?/

It's the word "ash-tray"

IS THERE AN ASH-TRAY ON THE TABLE ? PRONOUNCE wymawiać

48

DOES

DO MEAN znaczyć, czas pomoc. III osoba l.poj. czas pomocniczy oznaczać

AS

AUXILIARY

równie, tak samo

pomocniczy

NOTHING nic

PRONOUNCE THIS WORD, PLEASE !

Does

WHAT'S HE DOING?

He's pronouncing the word "does"

PRONOUNCE THIS WORD, PLEASE !/

Auxiliary

WHAT'S SHE DOING ? A jakiś, pewien

She's pronouncing the word "auxiliary" AN• jakiś, pewien

THE

ten, ta, to, ci, te

We say a book, but an ash-tray./ The book, but the ash-tray./ Before a consonant we say "a" - a book. Before a vowel we say "an" - an ash-tray./ Before a consonant we say "the" - the book. Before a vowel we say "the" - the ash-tray. PRONOUNCE THESE WORDS, PLEASE !

RIGHT dobrze

49

A book: an ash-tray: the book: the ash-tray

WRONG źle

2 + 2 = 7 : IS THAT RIGHT ?

No, it isn't right, but it's wrong

THE WALL'S HIGH : IS THAT WRONG ?

No, it isn't wrong, but it's right

IS IT RIGHT YOU'RE MR. BROWN ?/

No, it isn't right I'm Mr. Brown, but it's wrong. I'm ...

EXERCISE 1 50

LESSON 8 SEE CHART 2 QUESTION pytanie

ANSWER odpowiedź

WHAT'S THIS ?

It's a question

WHAT'S THIS?

It's an answer

IS THIS AM ANSWER ?

No, it isn't an answer, but its a question

MEANING zna9zenie WHAT'S THE MEANING OF THE WORD "USE" IN ... ?

The meaning of the

word "use" in... is"..." WHATS THE MEANING OF THE WORD "ACTION" IN...?/ The meaning of the word "action" in ... is "..." 51 WHAT'S THE MEANING OF THE WORD "NOTHING" IN ... ? The meaning of the word "nothing" in ... is "..." NAME imię WHAT'S MY NAME ?

Your name's ...

WHAT'S YOUR NAME ?

My name's ...

WHAT'S HIS NAME ?

His name's Mr. Brown

WHAT'S HER NAME?

Her name's Mrs. Brown

HEAD głowa

FACE twarz

NOSE nos

EYE oko

52 WHAT'S THIS?

CHIN podbródek EAR ucho

MOUTH usta

HAIR włosy

TONGUE/ język

It's the head etc.

REMAINING pozostający/pozostając WHAT AM I DOING?

You're going to the window

WHAT AM I DOING ?

You're coming from the window

ARE YOU GOING TO THE WINDOW? AM I REMAINING ON THE CHAIR?

No, I'm not going to the window, but I'm remaining on the chair No, you aren't remaining on the chair, but you're going to the window

53

COUNTRY

kraj

GERMANY/

Niemcy

WHAT'S THE NAME OF YOUR COUNTRY ?

... is the name of my country

WHAT'S THE NAME OF THE COUNTRY BETWEEN ENGLAND AND GERMANY ? France's the name of the country between England and Germany TRANSLATE tłumaczyć

INTO

na

SEE CHART 2

VERBS ARE WORDS WE USE FOR ACTIONS. WHAT AM I DOING ? 54

You're translating a sentence from English into ...

TRANSLATE THIS SENTENCE, PLEASE ! "THE WORD "DO" MEANS NOTHING"/ WHAT'S HE DOING ?

He's translating a sentence from English into ...

TRANSLATE THIS SENTENCE, PLEASE ! "THE WALL'S HIGH" WHAT'S HE DOING ? WHO •

He's translating a sentence from English into ...

kto

WHO AM 1 ?

You're Mr. Smith

WHO ARE YOU ?

I'm Mr. Rossi

WHO'S HE?

He's Master Brown

WHO'S SHE?

She's Miss Brown

WHO ARE THEY ?/ ^ , rzecz 55

They're Mr. and Mrs. Brown

THING

HOW MANY THINGS ARE THERE ON THIS BOOK?

There are three things on that book

WHAT'S THE NAME OF THIS THING? WHAT COLOUR'S THIS THING?

The name of that thing is a tie This thing's red

SEE CHART 1 TALL wysoki

SHORT krótki, niski

SCANDINAVIA Skandynawia

IS MR. BROWN SHORT?/

No, Mr. Brown isn't short, but he's tall

IS MISS BROWN TALL ?

No, Miss Brown isn't tall, but she's short

ARE THE PEOPLE OF SCANDINAVIA SHORT?

No, the people of Scandinavia aren't short, but they're tall

DIFFERENCE różnica

THAT tamten

WHILST podczas, gdy

56

WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "TALL" AND "SHORT" AND "HIGH" AND "LOW" ?/ The difference between "tall" and "short" and "high" and "low" is that "tall" and "short" we use for people, whilst "high" and "low" we use for things

57

DICTATION 1

What's this?/ It's a pen./ Is this/ a pencil/ or a book?/ Is the/ long table/ black? / No it isn't,/ it's white./ The short box/ is green./ A city is large/ but a village/ is small./ Is Mr Brown/ a man?/ Yes, he is./ Is Miss Brown/ a boy or a girl?/ She's a girl./ One, two, three,/ four, five./ Is the card/ on the wall/ or under/ the chair?/ No,/ it's in the box./ What colour/ is the ceiling? LESSON 9 ASKING

pytający/pytając

WHAT'S THIS?

58

You're asking him a question It's a hand

AM I ASKING HER A QUESTION ? WHAT'S THIS? WHAT'S HE DOING ? WHAT'S THIS ?

odpowiadający/odpowiadając

It's a pen

WHAT AM I DOING ? WHAT'S THIS?

ANSWERING

Yes, you're asking her a question

It's a head He's answering your question It's a mouth

IS SHE ANSWERING MY QUESTION ?/

Yes, she's answering your question

ASK HIM A QUESTION, PLEASE ! TO HAVE

mieć

CONTRACTION

skrót

I'VE

ja mam

I

HAVE

YOU'VE

YOU

HAVE

HE

HAS

SHE

HAS

IT

HAS

WE'VE

ty masz on ma ona ma to (ono) ma my mamy

WE

HAVE

YOU'VE

wy macie

YOU

HAVE

THEY'VE

oni mają

THEY

HAVE

HE'S SHE'S IT'S

WHAT'S THE MEANING OF THE VERB "TO HAVE"?/

The meaning of the verb "to have" is ...

WHAT'S THE CONTRACTION OF "I HAVE, YOU HAVE" ETC. ? I've, you've etc. HAVE I TWO EYES ? 60

Yes, you've two eyes

HAVE YOU TWO EARS ? HAS

Yes, I've two ears

HE TWO LEGS ? HAS SHE

Yes, he's two legs Yes,

TWO HANDS ?/ HAVE WE

she's two hands

TWO HEADS ? HAVE THEY FOUR ARMS ?

Yes, we've two heads Yes, they've four arms

SEE CHART 4 ANY?« non-specific

Yes, SOME No, NOT ANY

HOW MANY? specific

THIRTEEN ETC. NONE

NON-SPECIFIC ogólne

INTERROGATIVE pytający

NEGATIVE przeczący

POSITIVE twierdzący

FOR EXAMPLE 250 na przykład

WHEN/ kiedy

61

"Any" and "some" mean ".„'V but we use "any" for the interrogative and negative/ and "some" for the positive./ For example, we say "Are there any books on the table? Yes, there are some books on the table./ Are there any books on the floor? No, there aren't any books on the floor." "Any" we use in a non-specific question/ whilst "how many" is specific, and has a specific answer - thirteen, fourteen, twenty etc., or none./ When the question is "Any?" the answer is "Yes, some" or "No, not any",/ but when the question is "How many?" the answer is "Two, three etc., or none."/

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE WORDS "ANY" AND "SOME" ? The meaning of the words "any" and "some" is ... WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN "ANY" AND "SOME" ? The difference between "any" and "some" is that we use "any" in interrogative and negative sentences, whilst we use "some" in positive sentences ANY jakiś taki, każdy, żaden

ARE THERE ANY BOOKS ON THIS TABLE?/

Yes, there are some books on this table

ARE THERE ANY PICTURES ON THESE WALLS ? 62

HAVE YOU ANY SHOES ON YOUR FEET ?

Yes there are some pictures on these walls

Yes, I've some shoes on my feet

NOT ANY żaden ARE THERE ANY BOOKS ON THE FLOOR ?

ARE THERE ANY PICTURES ON THAT CHAIR?/

No, there aren't any books on the floor No, there aren't any pictures on that chair

ARE THERE ANY CHAIRS ON THE TABLE?

No, there aren't any chairs

on the table NONE

żaden, nikt

CLASS klasa-pomieszczenie

CLASSROOM klasa-pomieszczenie

HOW MANY BOOKS ARE THERE ON THE TABLE? There are ... books on the table HOW MANY BOOKS ARE THERE ON THE FLOOR?/

There are none

HOW MANY PICTURES ARE THERE ON THESE WALLS ?

There are...

pictures on these walls HOW MANY PICTURES ARE THERE ON THAT CHAIR?

There are none

HOW MANY PUPILS ARE THERE IN THIS CLASSROOM ? There are ... pupils in this classroom 63

HOW MANY PUPILS ARE THERE SITTING ON THE FLOOR ? There are none

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