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Magdalena Żuk, 205222 Wrocław, 25.11.2016 H E N R Y F O R D A N D T H E A S S E M B L Y L I N E Henry Ford was not a newcomer to the business of autom...

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Magdalena Żuk, 205222

Wrocław, 25.11.2016

HENRY FORD AND THE ASSEMBLY LINE Henry Ford was not a newcomer to the business of automobile manufacturing. He built his first car, which he christened the “Quadricyle,” in 1896. In 1903, he officially opened the Ford Motor Company and five years later released the first Model T. […]

The assembly line also drastically altered the lives of those in Ford’s employ. The work day was cut from nine hours to eight hours so that the concept of the three shift workday could be implemented with greater ease. […]

M AKING THE M ODEL T CHEAPLY

THE ASSEM BLY LINE TODAY

Henry Ford had a goal of making automobiles for the multitudes. The Model T was his answer to that dream: he wanted them to be both sturdy and cheap. […] The cost of the first Model T was set at $850, which would be approximately $21,000 in today’s currency. That was cheap, but still not cheap enough for the masses. Ford needed to find a way to cut down the price even further. HIGHLAND PARK PLANT

In 1910, with the aim of increasing manufacturing capacity for the Model T, Ford built a new plant in Highland Park, Michigan. He created a building that would be easily expanded as new methods of production were incorporated. Ford consulted with Frederick Taylor, creator of scientific management, to examine the most efficient modes of production. Ford had previously observed the assembly line concept in slaughterhouses in the Midwest and was also inspired by the conveyor belt system that was common in many grain warehouses in that region. […] Within the next three years, additional innovative techniques were incorporated and, on December 1, 1913, the first large-scale assembly line was officially in working order.

The assembly line is the primary mode of manufacturing in industry today. Automobiles, food, toys, furniture, and many more items pass down assembly lines worldwide before landing in our homes and on our tables. While the average consumer does not think of this fact often, this 100-year-old innovation by a car manufacturer in Michigan changed the way we live and work forever. By Jennifer L. Goss, Contributing Writer Updated May 26, 2016.

VOCABULARY     

to christen - ochrzcić multitudes - lud sturdy – wytrzymały incorporated – wcielone, wdrożone slaughterhouse - rzeźnia

    

conveyor belt – przenośnik taśmowy onlooker - widz interchangeable - wymienny eclipsed - przyćmione to alter - zmienić

ASSEM BLY LINE FUNCTION

The moving assembly line appeared to the onlooker to be an endless contraption of chains and links that allowed Model T parts to swim through the sea of the assembly process. In total, the manufacturing of the car could be broken down into 84 steps. The key to the process, however, was having interchangeable parts. Unlike other cars of the time, the Model T featured interchangeable parts, which meant that every Model T produced on that line used the exact same valves, gas tanks, tires, etc. so that they could be assembled in a speedy and organized fashion. Parts were created in mass quantities and then brought directly to the workers who were trained to work at that specific assembly station. […] IMPACT OF THE ASSEM BLY LINE ON PRODUCTION & WORKERS

The immediate impact of the assembly line was revolutionary. The use of interchangeable parts allowed for continuous work flow and more time on task by laborers. Worker specialization resulted in less waste and a higher quality of the end product. Sheer production of the Model T dramatically increased. The production time for a single car dropped from over 12 hours to just 93 minutes due to the introduction of the assembly line. Ford’s 1914 production rate of 308,162 eclipsed the number of cars produced by all other automobile manufacturers combined. These concepts allowed Ford to increase his profit margin and lower the cost of the vehicle to consumers. The cost of the Model T would eventually drop to $260 in 1924, the equivalent of approximately $3500 today.

QUESTIONS

1. When did Henry Ford build his first car? 2. For who was dedicated the Model T? 3. How much would cost Model T nowadays, before implementing the assembly line? 4. Where was the first assembly line by Ford buiilt? 5. Where did Henry Ford find ideas for his assembly line? 6. How many steps does Model T manufacturing process include? 7. What was the effect of using interchangeable parts? 8. How does the assembly line change the production time of a single car? 9. What was the price of single car after implementing the assembly line, at that time? 10. How many hours did workers have to work during single shift, before implementing the assembly line in Ford Motor Company?

Magdalena Żuk, 205222

Wrocław, 25.11.2016

HENRY FORD AND THE ASSEMBLY LINE

TRANSLATION



TEXT IN ENGLISH

„ M AKING THE MODEL T CHEAPLY



TEXT IN POLISH

„ UCZYNIENIE M ODELU T TAŃSZYM

Henry Ford had a goal of making automobiles for the multitudes. The Model T was his answer to that dream: he wanted them to be both sturdy and cheap. […]

Celem Henry Forda było stworzenie pojazdu dla ludu. Model T był odpowiedzią na jego marzenia: chciał on, by auto było jednocześnie wytrzymałe i tanie. […]

The cost of the first Model T was set at $850, which would be approximately $21,000 in today’s currency. That was cheap, but still not cheap enough for the masses. Ford needed to find a way to cut down the price even further.

Koszt pierwszego Modelu T została ustalona na 850$, co dawałoby około 21,000$ w dzisiejszej walucie. Było tanio, lecz ciągle niewystraczająco tanio dla zwykłych ludzi. Ford musiał znaleźć sposób my obciąć koszty jeszcze bardziej.

HIGHLAND PARK PLANT

FABRYKA HIGHLAND PARK

In 1910, with the aim of increasing manufacturing capacity for the Model T, Ford built a new plant in Highland Park, Michigan. He created a building that would be easily expanded as new methods of production were incorporated.

W 1910, mając na celu zwiększenie zdolności produkcyjnej dla Modelu T, Ford zbudował nową fabrykę w Highland Park, Michigan. Stworzył budynek, który mógłby być łatwo rozbudowywany wraz z wdrożeniem nowych metod produkcji.

Ford consulted with Frederick Taylor, creator of scientific management, to examine the most efficient modes of production. Ford had previously observed the assembly line concept in slaughterhouses in the Midwest and was also inspired by the conveyor belt system that was common in many grain warehouses in that region. […]

Ford konsultował się z Frederick Taylorem, twórcą naukowego zarządzania, by zbadać najbardziej efektywne metody produkcji. Ford wcześniej obserwował linię montażową w rzeźniach w Midwest i został również zainspirowany prze system przenośnika taśmowego, który był powszechny w wielu magazynach zbożowych w tym regionie. […]

Within the next three years, additional innovative techniques were incorporated and, on December 1, 1913, the first large-scale assembly line was officially in working order. „

W ciągu następnych trzech lat, dodatkowe techniki zostały wprowadzone i 1. grudnia 1913 roku, pierwsza, na dużą skalę, linia montażowa była oficjalnie w stanie gotowości. „

SOURCE OF ARTICLE:

http://history1900s.about.com/od/1910s/a/Ford--Assembly-Line.htm [18.11.2016]

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